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Conference Eastern Conference Division Southeast Division Founded 1946 History Tri-Cities Blackhawks (1946–51) Milwaukee Hawks (1951–55) St. Louis Hawks (1955–68) Atlanta Hawks (1968–present) Arena Philips Arena City Atlanta, Georgia Team colors Navy Blue, Red, Silver Owner Atlanta Spirit, LLC (Michael Gearon, governor) General manager Rick Sund Head coach Mike Woodson D-League affiliate Anaheim Arsenal Championships 1 (1958) Conference titles 4 (Western: (4) 1957, 1958, 1960, 1961) Division titles 14 (1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1966, 1967, 1970, 1980, 1987, 1994) Official website hawks.com The Atlanta Hawks are an American professional basketball team based in Atlanta, Georgia. They are part of the Southeast Division of the Eastern Conference in the National Basketball Association (NBA). The franchise was formed in 1946 as the Tri-Cities Blackhawks in the Mississippi River area. After relocating to Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1951, the franchise was renamed to Milwaukee Hawks. Before the 1955–56 season, the Hawks moved to St. Louis, Missouri and spent thirteen seasons there. As of late, their final relocation took place in 1968, when the Hawks moved to Atlanta, Georgia. Contents 1 Franchise history 1.1 The first years 1.2 Relocation to Atlanta 1.3 Signs of Hope 2 Season-by-season records 3 Home arenas 4 Uniforms 5 Players 5.1 Basketball Hall of Famers 5.2 Retired numbers 5.3 Current roster 6 Coaches 7 Individual Awards 8 References 9 See also 10 External links
Franchise history The first years Original Tri-Cities Blackhawks logoThe franchise was formed in 1946 as the Tri-Cities Blackhawks in the Quad Cities area. The Tri-Cities were Moline, IL, Rock Island, IL, and Davenport, IA. The Tri-Cities Blackhawks were named after the Black Hawk War that was mostly fought in Illinois. The Blackhawks became one of the National Basketball Association's 17 original teams after a merger in 1949 of the 12-year-old National Basketball League and the four-year-old Basketball Association of America. The Blackhawks reached the playoffs in the NBA's inaugural year, under the leadership of coach Red Auerbach. However, the following season, after the team drafted Bob Cousy and made the blunder of trading his rights to the Chicago Stags (who would later surrender him in a dispersal draft to the Boston Celtics after they folded), they failed to qualify for the postseason. In 1951, the franchise relocated to Milwaukee, WI, and became the Hawks. In 1953, the Hawks drafted Bob Pettit, a future NBA MVP. Despite this, the Hawks were one of the league's worst teams, and in 1955 the Hawks moved yet again, this time to St. Louis, MO. With acquisitions in the draft and free agency, the Hawks became one of the league's top teams.
In 1957, the team advanced to the 1957 NBA Finals, losing to the Boston Celtics in a double-overtime thriller in game seven. In 1958, the Hawks again advanced to the NBA Finals under coach Alex Hannum and captured their only NBA Championship in game 6 against the Celtics. The Hawks remained one of the NBA's premier teams for the next decade. In 1960, under coach Ed Macauley, the team advanced to the Finals yet again, but lost—again to the Celtics—in yet another game seven thriller. The following year, with the acquisition of rookie Lenny Wilkens, the Hawks repeated their success, but met the Celtics in the Finals again and lost in five games. 1960s Hawks logo Relocation to Atlanta The next few years the Hawks remained contenders, every year advancing deep into the playoffs and also capturing several division titles. Despite the success, Kerner became wary of the now-aging 10,000-seat Kiel Auditorium.
The larger St. Louis Arena (where the Hawks played occasional games) was not well-maintained since the 1940s, and Kerner wanted a new arena to increase revenue. However, he was rebuffed by the city on several occasions. In 1968, the team was sold to Atlanta real estate developer Tom Cousins and Georgia Governor Carl Sanders and moved to Atlanta, Georgia. While a new arena was being constructed, the team spent its first four seasons playing in Georgia Tech's Alexander Memorial Coliseum. Cousins' firm soon developed the Omni Coliseum, a 16,500-seat, state-of-the-art downtown Atlanta arena, for the Hawks and the expansion Atlanta Flames hockey franchise, which opened in 1972 as the first phase of a massive sports, office, hotel and retail complex, most of which is now the CNN Center.
Logo from when the Hawks first arrived in AtlantaThe years after the move showcased a talented Hawks team, including Pete Maravich, and Lou Hudson. However, after this period of success, the Hawks experienced years of rebuilding. The rebuilding process appeared to be the right direction when they ended up with the 1st and 3rd picks overall in the 1975 NBA Draft. However, it took a turn for the worse when draft picks David Thompson and Marvin Webster both signed on with ABA franchises. Logo during the early 1970sIn 1976 Atlanta Braves owner Ted Turner bought the team and hired Hubie Brown to become head coach. In 1980, the Hawks finished with 50 wins and won the Central Division. In 1982, the franchise acquired superstar Dominique Wilkins and promoted Mike Fratello to head coach a year later. From 1985–89, the Hawks were among the league's elite, winning 50 games or more each season. However, the team could not advance past the semifinals of the Eastern Conference playoffs, losing to eventual Eastern conference and/or NBA champions in Boston and Detroit.
After several seasons of mediocrity, Lenny Wilkens was hired as head coach in 1993. In the 1993–94 season, coach Wilkens led the team to 57 victories, tying a team record. However, the team fell short again in the playoffs, losing to the Indiana Pacers in the Eastern semis in six games. The season was also marred with the trading of Dominique Wilkins, who remains the franchise all-time leading scorer, for Danny Manning, who quickly left via free agency to Phoenix after the season ended. The trade was a public-relations disaster for Hawks management as ticket sales and overall interest waned without its popular superstar, who carried the team for the previous 11 seasons; in fact, it still sours many Hawk fans to this very day. In 1995, coach Wilkens broke the record (previously held by coach Red Auerbach) for most victories by an NBA head coach with victory number 939. Despite a couple of 50+ win seasons afterward, the Hawks were quickly ousted from the playoffs on both occasions, which led to further apathy by local fans who quickly grew accustomed to Hawk failures in the playoffs. Steve Smith was one of the Hawks' cornerstone players during the mid-to-late 1990's, helping lead Atlanta to three Conference Semi-Finals appearances "Pac-Man" Hawks logo (1972-1995)In 1999, the Hawks traded Steve Smith to Portland for Isaiah Rider and Jim Jackson. Smith had been one of the Hawks' most popular players during the 1990s and had recently been awarded the J. Walter Kennedy Citizenship Award for his charitable endeavors. By contrast, Rider had a history of behavioral problems both on and off the court. Rider's troubled conduct continued after his arrival in Atlanta. Rider missed the first day of training camp and was late for two games. After reports that he smoked marijuana in an Orlando hotel room during a January road trip, the league demanded that he attend drug counseling, and fined him a total of $200,000 until he agreed to go. When he showed up late for a March game, the Hawks released him. . The Hawks later traded Jackson away the following season. In every season since the Smith/Rider trade, the Hawks have found themselves at or near the bottom of the NBA standings. In 2001, Atlanta Hawks drafted Spanish Pau Gasol at 3rd pick overall, but his rights were ceded to the Vancouver Grizzlies in a trade involving Shareef Abdur-rahim. In February 2004, the Hawks had the distinction of having NBA All-Star Rasheed Wallace play one game for the team. Wallace was traded from Portland to the Hawks along with Wesley Person for Shareef Abdur-Rahim, Theo Ratliff, and Dan Dickau. In his lone game for the Hawks, Wallace scored 20 points, had 6 rebounds, 5 blocks, 2 assists and a steal in a loss to the New Jersey Nets. After the game he was dealt to the Detroit Pistons in a three-way trade with the Boston Celtics. In turn, Detroit sent guard Bobby Sura, center Zeljko Rebraca, and a first-round draft pick to the Hawks. The Boston Celtics also sent forward Chris Mills to Atlanta to complete the deal. In March 2004, the team was sold to a group of executives by the name of Atlanta Spirit LLC  by Time Warner (who inherited the Hawks and Braves upon its merger with Turner Broadcasting in 1996), along with the Atlanta Thrashers pro ice hockey team, with which the Hawks share the Philips Arena, which replaced the Omni. After the change in ownership, though, the Hawks still struggled. In the 2004–05 season, the Hawks gained the notorious reputation of the league's worst team with a mere 13 victories (five less than even the expansion Charlotte Bobcats and the struggling New Orleans Hornets). Despite their league-worst record though, the Hawks only landed the number two pick in the 2005 NBA Draft (the first pick went to the Milwaukee Bucks). With the second pick in the 2005 NBA Draft, the Atlanta Hawks selected Marvin Williams of the University of North Carolina. The previous year, the Hawks drafted Josh Childress and Josh Smith from the 2004 Draft and Salim Stoudamire in the second round of the 2005 Draft. In the 2006 Draft, the Hawks selected former Duke star Shelden Williams with the fifth overall pick. However, despite the recent influx of talent acquired in the draft, they still hold the longest drought of not drafting an All-Star or Pro Bowl player in North American pro sports (23 years), going back to their 1984 selection of Kevin Willis.
In the summer of 2005, the Hawks completed a sign-trade deal with the Phoenix Suns that landed Atlanta Joe Johnson in return for Boris Diaw and two future 1st round picks. They also signed Zaza Pachulia from the Milwaukee Bucks. These changes occurred after an apparent power struggle between the owners for nearly three weeks before the moves were made. . Unfortunately, while the power struggle over Johnson has been resolved, the ownership situation remains in flux, with litigation still ongoing. Hawks logo from 1995–2007When the Golden State Warriors qualified for the 2007 NBA Playoffs, the Hawks acquired the dubious distinction of being the NBA team that had gone the most consecutive seasons without a playoff appearance. (Eight in a row, see Active NBA non-playoff appearance streaks). They also held the dubious distinctions of most consecutive 50-loss seasons (four) and the having the 2nd longest run (behind the Rochester/Cincinnati/Kansas City/Sacramento Kings) of not winning an NBA title (49 years). All of the franchise's NBA Finals appearances and lone NBA championship took place over 40 years ago when the team resided in St. Louis. Meanwhile, they have yet to advance beyond the second round of any playoff format in their entire Atlanta existence, which now spans 39 seasons. Hawks alternate logo from 2007 Signs of Hope However, hope and redemption appeared to be on the horizon for the Hawks in 2007. With the third pick of the NBA draft, they selected Al Horford from the University of Florida. They also acquired, from the Indiana Pacers, the 11th pick of the draft, which they used to select Acie Law IV from Texas A&M University. The season started brightly as they won the season opener against the Dallas Mavericks 101–94, sending hope to Hawks fans. In addition, the last time they won a season opener was 1998, the last time the franchise made the playoffs. But once again, the Hawks organization made dubious headlines when the NBA granted the first appeal of a protested game in 25 years on January 11, 2008. The Miami Heat protested a scoring error during the clubs' December 19, 2007 contest. Due to a communications error, the Hawks official scorer had erroneously assessed a sixth foul on Heat center Shaquille O'Neal with 51.9 seconds remaining in overtime, disqualifying him from the game. The Hawks, who had won that game by a 117–111 margin, were stripped of the victory. On March 8, 2008, both teams replayed the final 51.9 seconds of the game as the Hawks won 114–111. The replay was held after few weeks O'neal had been traded to the Phoenix Suns from the Miami Heat. Atlanta also lost the regularly scheduled game on January 11, 2008 to fall from the break-even mark to two games below .500 in a span of eight hours. For the 2007–08 season, the Atlanta Hawks changed their colors and uniforms to navy blue, red and white, which marks the first time since their days in St. Louis that they wore those colors. The Hawks' mascot, Harry the Hawk, during a game in 2008. Photo by Chris NelsonOn February 16, 2008 Atlanta acquired guard Mike Bibby from the Sacramento Kings in exchange for Anthony Johnson, Tyronn Lue, Shelden Williams, Lorenzen Wright and a 2008 second round draft pick. On April 14, 2008, despite having a 37–45 record, the Hawks clinched their first playoff berth since the 1998–99 season, and in the first round surprised the favored Boston Celtics, the #1 seed in the Eastern Conference, by playing a strong and competitive playoff series. The Hawks won all 3 games in Philips Arena and pushed the series to seven before falling in Boston 99-65. On May 7, 2008 Billy Knight resigned as general manager being effective July 1, 2008. Knight said it was time to "take a break" following a season when his authority appeared to be weakened by unsuccessful lobbying with owners to fire coach Mike Woodson. Season-by-season records Main article: Atlanta Hawks seasons Home arenas Wharton Field House 1946–51 Milwaukee Arena 1951–55 Kiel Auditorium 1955–68 (Occasionally used the St. Louis Arena) Alexander Memorial Coliseum 1968–72 and 1997–99 Omni Coliseum 1972–97 Georgia Dome 1997–99 (Some games were played at Georgia Tech's Alexander Memorial Coliseum) Philips Arena 1999–present Uniforms Home Uniform Away Uniform These are the Atlanta Hawks uniforms worn since the 2007-08 season. Players Main article: Atlanta Hawks all-time roster Basketball Hall of Famers Paul Silas Walt Bellamy Cliff Hagan (St. Louis) Connie Hawkins Bob Houbregs (Milwaukee) Moses Malone Pete Maravich Ed Macauley (St. Louis-player and coach) Bob Pettit (St. Louis) Lenny Wilkens (St. Louis-player; Atlanta-coach) Dominique Wilkins Hagan, Pettit, Macauley, Lenny Wilkens, and Bob Ferry, all of whom played for the Hawks in St. Louis, have been inducted into the Missouri Sports Hall of Fame.
Retired numbers 21 Dominique Wilkins, F, 1982–94 23 Lou Hudson, F-G, 1966–77 40 Jason Collier, C, 2003–05 9 Bob Pettit, F, 1954–65 Current roster Atlanta Hawks roster v • d • e Players Coaches Pos. # Nat. Name Ht. Wt. From 1.0 PG 10 USA Bibby, Mike 73 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m) 190 lb (86 kg) Arizona 1.0 PG 12 USA Claxton, Speedy 71 5 ft 11 in (1.8 m) 170 lb (77 kg) Hofstra 3.0 SF 1 USA Evans, Maurice 77 6 ft 5 in (1.96 m) 220 lb (100 kg) Texas 2.0 SG USA Gardner, Thomas 77 6 ft 5 in (1.96 m) 225 lb (102 kg) Missouri 4.5 F/C 15 DOM Horford, Al 82 6 ft 10 in (2.08 m) 245 lb (111 kg) Florida 4.0 PF USA Hunter, Othello 80 6 ft 8 in (2.03 m) 225 lb (102 kg) Ohio State 2.5 G/F 2 USA Johnson, Joe (C) 79 6 ft 7 in (2.01 m) 235 lb (107 kg) Arkansas 3.5 F 44 USA Jones, Solomon 82 6 ft 10 in (2.08 m) 230 lb (104 kg) South Florida 1.0 PG 4 USA Law, Acie 75 6 ft 3 in (1.91 m) 195 lb (88 kg) Texas A&M 5.0 C 33 USA Morris, Randolph 83 6 ft 11 in (2.11 m) 260 lb (118 kg) Kentucky 1.5 G 22 USA Murray, Ronald 75 6 ft 3 in (1.91 m) 197 lb (89 kg) Shaw 4.5 F/C 27 GEO Pachulia, Zaza 83 6 ft 11 in (2.11 m) 280 lb (127 kg) Georgia (country) 2.5 G/F 32 USA Richardson, Jeremy (FA) 79 6 ft 7 in (2.01 m) 195 lb (88 kg) Delta State 2.5 G/F 5 USA Smith, Josh 81 6 ft 9 in (2.06 m) 235 lb (107 kg) Oak Hill Academy (VA) 1.5 G 20 USA Stoudamire, Salim (FA) 73 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m) 175 lb (79 kg) Arizona 1.5 G 6 USA West, Mario (FA) 77 6 ft 5 in (1.96 m) 210 lb (95 kg) Georgia Tech 3.5 F 24 USA Williams, Marvin 81 6 ft 9 in (2.06 m) 230 lb (104 kg) North Carolina Head coach Mike Woodson (Indiana) Assistant coach(es) Larry Drew (Missouri) Bob Bender (Duke) Jim Todd (Fitchburg State College*) Tyrone Hill (Xavier)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Legend (C) Team captain (DP) Unsigned draft pick (FA) Free agent Injured -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Roster • Transactions Last change: 2008-07-16 Coaches Roger Potter 1949–1950 David McMillan 1950–1951 Doxie Moore 1951–1952 Andrew Levane 1952–1953 William Holzman 1954–1956 Slater Martin 1957 Alex Hannum 1958 Andy Phillip 1958 Ed Macauley 1958–1960 Paul Seymour 1960–1961 Andrew Levane 1961–1962 Bob Pettit 1962 Harry Gallatin 1962–1964 Richie Guerin 1965–1971 Cotton Fitzsimmons 1972–1976 Bumper Tormohlen 1976 Hubie Brown 1976–1981 Mike Fratello 1981 Kevin Loughery 1981–1983 Mike Fratello 1983–1990 Bob Weiss 1990–1993 Lenny Wilkens 1993–2000 Lon Kruger 2000–2002 Terry Stotts 2002–2004 Mike Woodson 2004–present Individual Awards All-time Leading scorer Dominique Wilkins NBA MVP of the Year Bob Pettit – 1956, 1959 NBA Defensive Player of the Year Dikembe Mutombo – 1997, 1998 NBA Rookie of the Year Bob Pettit – 1955 NBA Most Improved Player of the Year Alan Henderson – 1998 NBA Coach of the Year Harry Gallatin – 1963 Richie Guerin – 1968 Hubie Brown – 1978 Mike Fratello – 1986 Lenny Wilkens – 1994 NBA Executive of the Year Stan Kasten – 1986, 1987 All-NBA First Team Bob Pettit – 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964 Dominique Wilkins – 1986 All-NBA Second Team Frank Brian – 1951 Slater Martin – 1957, 1958, 1959 Cliff Hagan – 1958, 1959 Bob Pettit – 1965 Lou Hudson – 1970 Pete Maravich – 1973 Dan Roundfield – 1980 Dominique Wilkins – 1987, 1988, 1991, 1993 Dikembe Mutombo – 2001 All-NBA Third Team Dominique Wilkins – 1989 Kevin Willis – 1992 Dikembe Mutombo – 1998 NBA All-Defensive First Team Dan Roundfield – 1980, 1982, 1983 Wayne Rollins – 1984 Mookie Blaylock – 1994, 1995 Dikembe Mutombo – 1997, 1998 NBA All-Defensive Second Team Bill Bridges – 1969, 1970 Joe Caldwell – 1970 "Fast Eddie" Johnson – 1979, 1980 Dan Roundfield – 1981, 1984 Wayne Rollins – 1983 Mookie Blaylock – 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 Dikembe Mutombo – 1999 NBA Rookie First Team Zelmo Beaty – 1963 Lou Hudson – 1968 Pete Maravich – 1971 John Brown – 1974 John Drew – 1975 Dominique Wilkins – 1983 Stacey Augmon – 1992 Al Horford – 2008 NBA Rookie Second Team
Jason Terry – 2000 Josh Childress – 2005 Josh Smith – 2005 Marvin Williams – 2006 References ^ "A Franchise Rich With Tradition: From Pettit To "Pistol Pete" To The "Human Highlight Film"". NBA.com. Retrieved on 2008-02-28. ^ "Blazers trade Wallace to Hawks", CBC.ca (2004-02-11). Retrieved on 2008-02-21. ^ "Atlanta at New Jersey". NBA.com (2004-02-18). Retrieved on 2008-02-21. ^ "Wallace lands in Detroit in three-team deal", ESPN.com (2004-02-20). Retrieved on 2008-02-21.  See also Major North American professional sports teams  External links Atlanta Hawks Official Website Atlanta Hawks at the New Georgia Encyclopedia Atlanta Hawks Blog Preceded by Boston Celtics 1957 NBA Champions St. Louis Hawks 1958 Succeeded by Boston Celtics 1959–1966 [hide]v • d • eNational Basketball Association (2008–09) Eastern Conference Western Conference Atlantic Central Southeast Northwest Pacific Southwest Boston Celtics Chicago Bulls Atlanta Hawks Denver Nuggets Golden State Warriors Dallas Mavericks New Jersey Nets Cleveland Cavaliers Charlotte Bobcats Minnesota Timberwolves Los Angeles Clippers Houston Rockets New York Knicks Detroit Pistons Miami Heat Oklahoma City team Los Angeles Lakers Memphis Grizzlies Philadelphia 76ers Indiana Pacers Orlando Magic Portland Trail Blazers Phoenix Suns New Orleans Hornets Toronto Raptors Milwaukee Bucks Washington Wizards Utah Jazz Sacramento Kings San Antonio Spurs Annual events: All-Star Weekend (All-Star Game (MVP) · Rookie Challenge · Shooting Stars Competition · Skills Challenge · Slam Dunk Contest · Three-point Shootout) · Draft · Finals (MVP) · Playoffs · Summer League Other: 50 Greatest Players · Arenas · Awards · Criticisms and controversies · Current team rosters · D-League · Dress code · Europe Live Tour · Head coaches · First overall draft picks · Larry O'Brien Championship Trophy · Midwest Division · NBA champions · NBA TV · Players (Foreign players) · Records (All-Star Game) · Salary Cap · WNBA [show]v • d • eTri-Cities Blackhawks/Milwaukee/St. Louis/Atlanta Hawks Atlanta, Georgia The Franchise Franchise • All-Time roster • Seasons • Current season Arenas Wharton Field House • Milwaukee Arena • Kiel Auditorium • Alexander Memorial Coliseum • Omni Coliseum • Georgia Dome • Philips Arena Head Coaches Potter • Auerbach • McMillan • Logan • Todorovich • Moore • Levane • Holzman • Martin • Hannum • Phillip • Macauley • Seymour • Levane • Pettit • Gallatin • Guerin • Fitzsimmons • Tormohlen • Brown • Fratello • Loughery • Fratello • Weiss • Wilkens • Kruger • Stotts • Woodson NBA Championships (1) 1958 Retired Jerseys 9 Pettit • 17 Turner • 21 Wilkins • 23 Hudson • 40 Collier Saint Louis Hawks 1957–58 NBA Champions 9 Pettit | 11 Coleman | 12 Davis | 13 Share | 15 Wilfong | 16 Hagan | 17 Park | 19 Selvy | 20 Macauley | 21 McMahon | 22 Martin | Coach Hannum •
Sports teams based in Georgia Baseball MLB: Atlanta Braves — IL: Gwinnett Braves (starting in 2009) — SAL: Augusta GreenJackets · Columbus Catfish • Rome Braves · Savannah Sand Gnats Basketball NBA: Atlanta Hawks — PBL: Augusta Groove — ABA: Atlanta Vision · Georgia Gwizzlies — WBA: Atlanta Hardhats · Marietta Storm · Gwinnett Ravia-Rebels • Rome Gladiators — WNBA: Atlanta Dream Football NFL: Atlanta Falcons — AFL: Georgia Force — af2: South Georgia Wildcats — AIFA: Augusta Colts • Columbus Lions — IWFL: Atlanta Xplosion Hockey NHL: Atlanta Thrashers — ECHL: Augusta Lynx · Gwinnett Gladiators — SPHL: Columbus Cottonmouths Soccer USL-1: Atlanta Silverbacks — PDL: Atlanta Silverbacks U23's Roller Derby WFTDA: Denim Demons · Sake Tuyas · Toxic Shocks · Apocalypstix College athletics (NCAA Division I) Georgia · Georgia Southern · Georgia State · Georgia Tech · Kennesaw State · Mercer · Savannah State • eSports teams based in or very close to Atlanta, Georgia Baseball MLB: Atlanta Braves — IL: Gwinnett Braves (starting in 2009) Basketball NBA: Atlanta Hawks — WNBA: Atlanta Dream — ABA: Atlanta Vision — WBA: Marietta Storm Football NFL: Atlanta Falcons — AFL: Georgia Force Hockey NHL: Atlanta Thrashers — ECHL: Gwinnett Gladiators Soccer USL-1: Atlanta Silverbacks — PDL: Atlanta Silverbacks U23's College athletics (NCAA Division I) Georgia Institute of Technology • Georgia State University • Kennesaw State University Nick Named:The beasts
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