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Cleveland Indians From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cleveland Indians Established 1901 Team Logo Cap Insignia Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 5, 14, 18, 19, 21, 42, 455 Colors Navy Blue, Red, White Name Cleveland Indians (1915–present) Cleveland Naps (1903–1914) Cleveland Bronchos (1902, unofficial) Cleveland Bluebirds/Blues (1901–1902) Other nicknames The Tribe, The Wahoos Ballpark Progressive Field (1994–present) a.k.a Jacobs Field (1994–2008) Cleveland Stadium (1932–1993)* a.k.a. Cleveland Municipal Stadium (1932–1974) League Park (1901–1946) a.k.a. Dunn Field (1916–1927) (*Played only night and weekend games here from 1934 until 1946) Major league titles World Series titles (2) 1920 • 1948 AL Pennants (5) 1920 • 1948 • 1954 • 1995 • 1997 Central Division titles (7)  1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 2001 • 2007 Wild card berths (0) None  - In 1994, a players' strike wiped out the last eight weeks of the season and all post-season. Cleveland was one game out of first place in the Central Division behind Chicago when play was stopped. No official titles were awarded in 1994. Owner(s): Larry Dolan Manager: Eric Wedge General Manager: Mark Shapiro The Cleveland Indians are a professional baseball team based in Cleveland, Ohio, United States. They are in the Central Division of Major League Baseball's American League. Since 1994 they have played in Progressive Field (formerly Jacobs Field). The team's spring training facility is in Winter Haven, Florida, but will move to Goodyear, Arizona in 2009. Since their establishment in 1901, the Indians have won two World Series championships, in 1920 and 1948.
The "Indians" name originates from a request by the club owner to decide a new name, following the 1914 season. In reference to the Boston Braves (now the Atlanta Braves), the media chose "the Indians". They are nicknamed "the Tribe" and "the Wahoos". The latter is a reference to the mascot which appears in the team's logos, Chief Wahoo. The club nickname and its cartoon logo have been criticized for perpetuating Native American stereotypes. In 1997, during the team's most recent World Series appearance, three Native American protesters were arrested, but later acquitted. One of the American League's eight charter franchises, the club was founded in Cleveland in 1901. The team actually began play in 1900 as the Lake Shores, when the AL was officially a minor league. Then called the Cleveland Blues, the team played in League Park until moving permanently to Cleveland Municipal Stadium in 1946. At the end of the 2007 season, they had an all-time franchise record of 8,476–8,097 (.511).
 The Indians are the defending 2007 American League Central Champions. Contents [hide] 1 Franchise history 1.1 Forest City club 1.2 National League era 1.3 1901–1946: Early to middle history of the franchise 1.4 1947–1959 1.5 1960–1993: The 30-year slump 1.5.1 The curse of Rocky Colavito 1.5.2 Organizational turnaround 1.6 1994–2000: A new beginning 1.6.1 1995 season: A first since 1954 1.6.2 1997 season: Two outs away 1.6.3 1998 1.6.4 1999 1.6.5 2000 1.7 2001–present: The Shapiro years 1.7.1 2007: Return to the Playoffs 1.8 Season-by-season results 2 Uniforms 3 Fan support 3.1 Sellout streak 3.2 Celebrity fans 4 Radio and television 5 Baseball Hall of Famers 6 Retired numbers 7 Current roster 8 Minor league affiliations 9 See also 10 References 11 External links  Franchise history  Forest City club See also: Cleveland Forest Citys Open professional baseball began in Cleveland during the 1869 season and one team was hired on salary for 1870, as in several other cities following the success of the 1869 Cincinnati Red Stockings, the first fully professional team. That leading Cleveland baseball club was the Forest City, a nickname of the city itself. In the newspapers before and after 1870, the team was often called the Forest Citys, in the same generic way that the team from Chicago was sometimes called The Chicagos. The Forest City club was formed about 1865, when baseball club organization and "national" association membership boomed following the Civil War. In 1871 the Forest Citys joined the new National Association of Professional Base Ball Players, the first professional league, as did the Forest Citys of Rockford, Illinois. New York and Philadelphia had been the home cities of most top baseball clubs before the league era, but only one club from each joined the professional National Association, whose nine-city circuit was made up by four western clubs and eastern rivals in Washington, D.C., Troy, New York and Boston. Ultimately, two of the western clubs went out of business during the first season and the Chicago Fire left that city's White Stockings impoverished, unable to field a team again until 1874. Cleveland was thus the NA's western outpost in 1872 and the Forest City's failed, playing a full schedule to July 19 followed only by two games versus Boston in mid-August.  National League era See also: Cleveland Blues (NL) See also: Cleveland Spiders In 1876, the National League supplanted the N.A. as the major professional league. Cleveland was not among its charter members, but by 1879 the league was looking for new entries and the city returned to a major circuit. The Cleveland Blues played mainly in the middle of the pack for six seasons and was ruined by trade war with the
Union Association in 1884, when its three best players moved for the money: Fred Dunlap, Jack Glasscock, and Jim McCormick. St Louis from the U.A. took its place for 1885. Cleveland went without major league ball for only two seasons, joining the American Association in 1887, after that league's Allegheny club had jumped to the N.L. Cleveland followed suit in 1889, as the Association began to crumble. (It folded after 1891, and the National League acquired four of its franchises to swell to 12 teams.) With the unique nickname Spiders, supposedly inspired by their "skinny and spindly" players, Cleveland slowly became a power in the league. The Spiders survived a challenge for fans from the Cleveland Infants, an entry in the one-season Players' League in 1890. The next year the Spiders moved into League Park, which would become the home of Cleveland professional ball for the next 55 years. Led by native Ohioan Cy Young, the Spiders became a contender in the mid-1890s, when they played in the Temple Cup Series (that era's World Series) twice, winning it in 1895. The team began to fade after that, and was dealt a severe blow under the ownership of the Robison brothers. The Robisons, despite already owning the Spiders, were allowed to also acquire a controlling interest in the St. Louis Cardinals franchise in 1899. They proceeded to strip the Cleveland team of its best players (including Young) to help fill the St. Louis roster. The St. Louis team improved to finish above .500. The Spiders were left with essentially a minor league lineup, and began to lose games at a record pace. Drawing almost no fans at home, they ended up playing most of their season on the road, and became known as "The Wanderers", finally falling to 12th place, 84 games out of first place, with an all-time worst record of 20 wins and 134 losses. Following the 1899 season, the National League disbanded the Cleveland franchise along with three other teams in Washington, Baltimore, and Louisville. The disastrous 1899 season would actually be a step toward a new future for Cleveland fans the next year.  1901–1946: Early to middle history of the franchise Old Cleveland Indians logoSeeking to capitalize on general public disillusionment with the National League, Ban Johnson changed the name of his minor league, the Western League, to the American League and shifted the WL's Grand Rapids club to Cleveland, taking over League Park in 1900 as the Cleveland Lake Shores. Although still a minor league, the new organization was ready to make its move. In 1901 the American League broke with the National Agreement and declared itself a competing Major League. The Cleveland franchise was among its eight charter members. The new team was owned by coal magnate Charles Somers and tailor Jack Kilfoyl. Somers, a wealthy industrialist and also co-owner of the Boston Americans, lent money to other team owners, including Connie Mack's Philadelphia Athletics, to keep them and the new league afloat. The team was originally nicknamed the "Bluebirds," but the players didn't think the nickname was suitable for a baseball team. Writers frequently shortened it to "Blues" due to the players' all-blue uniforms, but the players didn't like this name either. They tried to change the name themselves to "Bronchos," but this name never caught on. The Blues suffered from financial problems in their first two seasons. This led Somers to seriously consider moving to either Pittsburgh or Cincinnati. Relief came in 1902 as a result of the conflict between the National and American Leagues. In 1901, Napoleon "Nap" Lajoie, the Philadelphia Phillies star second baseman, jumped to the A's after his contract was capped at $2,400 per year–one of the highest-profile players to jump to the upstart AL. The Phillies subsequently filed an injunction to force Lajoie's return, which was granted by the Pennsylvania Supreme Court. The injunction appeared to doom any hopes of an early settlement between the warring leagues. However, a lawyer discovered that the injunction was only enforceable in the state of Pennsylvania. Mack, partly to thank Somers for his past financial support, agreed to trade Lajoie to the struggling Bronchos, who offered $25,000 salary over three years. Due to the injunction, however, Lajoie had to sit out any games played against the A's in Philadelphia. Lajoie arrived in Cleveland on June 4 and was an immediate hit, drawing 10,000 fans to League Park. Soon afterward, he was named team captain, and the team was renamed the "Naps" after a newspaper conducted a write-in contest. Lajoie was named manager in 1905, and the team's fortunes improved somewhat. They finished half a game short of the pennant in 1908. However, the success did not last and Lajoie resigned during the 1909 season as manager but remained on as a player. After that, the team began to unravel, leading Kilfoyl to sell his share of the team to Somers. Cy Young who returned to Cleveland in 1909, was ineffective for most of his three remaining years and Addie Joss died from tubercular meningitis prior to the 1910 season. Despite a strong lineup anchored by the potent Lajoie and Shoeless Joe Jackson, poor pitching kept the team below third place for most of the next decade. One reporter referred to the team as the Napkins, "because they fold up so easily" while others called them the "Molly McGuires" as a play on their manager's name, Deacon McGuire. The team hit bottom in 1914 and 1915, finishing in the cellar both years. 1915 brought significant changes to the team. Lajoie, nearly 40 years old was no longer a top hitter in the league, batting only .258 in 1914. With Lajoie engaged in a feud with manager Joe Birmingham, the team sold Lajoie back to Philadelphia. With Lajoie gone, the Naps now needed a new nickname. Somers asked the local newspapers to come up with a new name, and they chose "Indians". Legend has it that the team honored Louis Sockalexis when it assumed its current name in 1915. Sockalexis, a Native American, had played in Cleveland 1897–99. Research indicates that this legend is mostly untrue, and that the new name was a play on the name of the Boston Braves, then known as the "Miracle Braves" after going from last place on July 4 to a sweep in the 1914 World Series. Proponents of the name acknowledged that the Cleveland Spiders of the National League had sometimes been informally called the "Indians" during Sockalexis' short career there, a fact which merely reinforced the new name. At the same
time, Somers' business ventures began to fail, leaving him deeply in debt. With the Indians playing poorly, attendance and revenue suffered. Somers decided to trade Jackson midway through the 1915 season for two players and $31,500, one of the largest sums paid for a player at the time. By 1916, Somers was at the end of his tether and sold the team to a syndicate headed by Chicago railroad contractor James C. "Jack" Dunn. Manager Lee Fohl, who had taken over in early 1915, acquired two minor league pitchers, Stan Coveleski and Jim Bagby and traded for center fielder Tris Speaker, who was engaged in a salary dispute with the Red Sox. All three would ultimately become key players in bringing a championship to Cleveland. Speaker took over the reins as player-manager in 1919, and would lead the team to a championship in 1920. On August 16, the Indians were playing the Yankees at the Polo Grounds in New York. Shortstop Ray Chapman, who often crowded the plate, was batting against Carl Mays, who had an unusual underhand delivery. Mays' pitch hit Chapman in the head, fracturing his skull. Chapman died the next day, becoming the first and only player to sustain a fatal injury from a pitched ball. The Indians, who at the time were locked in a tight three-way pennant race with the Yankees and White Sox, were not slowed down by the death of their teammate. Rookie Joe Sewell hit .329 after replacing Chapman in the lineup. In September 1920, the Black Sox Scandal came to a boil. With just a few games left in the season, and Cleveland and Chicago neck-and-neck for first place at 94–54 and 95–56 respectively, the Chicago owner suspended eight players. The White Sox lost 2 of 3 in their final series, while Cleveland won 4 and lost 2 in their final two series. Cleveland finished 2 games ahead of Chicago and 3 games ahead of the Yankees to win its first pennant, led by Speaker's .388 hitting, Jim Bagby's 30 victories and solid performances from Steve O'Neill and Stan Coveleski. Cleveland went on to defeat the Brooklyn Robins 5–2 in the World Series for their first title, winning four games in a row after the Robins took a 2–1 Series lead. The team would not reach the heights of 1920 again for 28 years. Speaker and Coveleski were aging and the Yankees were rising with a new weapon: Babe Ruth and the home run. They managed two second-place finishes but spent much of the decade in the cellar. In 1927 Dunn's widow, Mrs. George Pross (Dunn had died in 1922), sold the team to a syndicate headed by Alva Bradley. The Indians were a middling team by the 1930s, finishing third or fourth most years. 1936 brought Cleveland a new superstar in 17-year old pitcher Bob Feller, who came from Iowa with a dominating fastball. That season, Feller set a record with 17 strikeouts in a single game and went on to lead the league in strikeouts from 1938–1941. By 1940, Feller, along with Ken Keltner, Mel Harder and Lou Boudreau led the Indians to within one game of the pennant. However, the team was wracked with dissension, with some players (including Feller and Mel Harder) going so far as to request that Bradley fire manager Ossie Vitt. Reporters lampooned them as the Cleveland Crybabies. Feller, who had pitched a no-hitter to open the season and won 27 games, lost the final game of the season to unknown pitcher Floyd Giebell of the Detroit Tigers. The Tigers won the pennant and Giebell never won another major league game. Cleveland entered 1941 with a young team and a new manager; Roger Peckinpaugh had replaced the despised Vitt; but the team regressed, finishing in fourth. Cleveland would soon be depleted of two stars. Hal Trosky retired in 1941 due to migraine headaches and Bob Feller enlisted in the Navy two days after the Attack on Pearl Harbor. Starting third baseman Ken Keltner and outfielder Ray Mack were both drafted in 1945 taking two more starters out of the lineup.  1947–1959 In 1946 Bill Veeck formed an investment group that purchased the Cleveland Indians from Bradley's group for a reported $1.6 million. Among the investors was Bob Hope, who had grown up in Cleveland and former Tigers slugger, Hank Greenberg. A former owner of a minor league franchise in Milwaukee, Veeck brought to Cleveland a gift for promotion. At one point, Veeck hired rubber-faced Max Patkin, the "Clown Prince of Baseball" as a coach. Patkin's appearance in the coaching box was the sort of promotional stunt that delighted fans but infuriated the American League front office. Recognizing that he had acquired a solid team, Veeck soon abandoned the aging, small and lightless League Park to take up full-time residence in massive Cleveland Municipal Stadium. Prior to 1947 the Indians played most of their games at League Park, and occasionally played weekend games at Cleveland Municipal Stadium. League Park was demolished in 1951, although a portion of the original ticket booth remains. Making the most of the cavernous stadium, Veeck had a portable center field fence installed, which he could move in or out depending on how the distance favored the Indians against their opponents in a given series. The fence moved as much as 15 feet (5 m) between series opponents. Following the 1947 season, the American League countered with a rule change that fixed the distance of an outfield wall for the duration of a season. The massive stadium did, however, permit the Indians to set the all-time one game regular-season attendance record in 1954 at over 84,000. Under Veeck's leadership, one of Cleveland's most significant achievements was breaking the color barrier in the American League by signing Larry Doby, formerly a player for the Negro League's Newark Eagles in 1947,
eleven weeks after Jackie Robinson signed with the Dodgers. Similar to Robinson, Doby battled racism on and off the field but posted a .301 batting average in 1948, his first full season. A power-hitting center fielder, Doby led the American League twice in homers. Cleveland Indians Cap (1954 – 1957)In 1948, needing pitching for the stretch run of the 1948 pennant race, Veeck turned to the Negro League again and signed pitching great Satchel Paige amid much controversy. Barred from Major League Baseball during his prime, Veeck's signing of the aging star in 1948 was viewed by many as another publicity stunt. At an official age of 42, Paige became the oldest rookie in Major League baseball history, and the first black pitcher. Paige soon proved he could still pitch and ended the year with a 6–1 record with a 2.48 ERA, 45 strikeouts and two shutouts. In 1948, veterans Boudreau, Keltner, and Joe Gordon had career offensive seasons, while newcomers Larry Doby and Gene Bearden also had standout seasons. The team went down to the wire with the Boston Red Sox, winning a one-game playoff, the first in American League history, to go to the World Series. In the series, the Tribe defeated the Boston Braves four games to two for their first championship in 28 years. Boudreau won the American League MVP Award. The Indians would appear in a film the following year titled The Kid From Cleveland, in which Veeck had an interest. The film portrayed the team helping out a "troubled teenaged fan" and featured many members of the Indians organization. However, filming during the season cost the players valuable rest days leading to fatigue towards the end of the season. That season, Cleveland again contended before falling to third place. On September 23, 1949, Bill Veeck and the Indians buried their 1948 pennant in center field the day after they were mathematically eliminated from the pennant race. Later in 1949, Veeck's first wife (who had a half-stake in Veeck's share of the team) divorced him. With most of his money tied up in the Indians, Veeck as forced to sell the team to a syndicate headed by insurance magnate Ellis Ryan. Ryan was forced out in 1953 in favor of Myron Wilson, who in turn gave way to William Daley in 1956. Despite this turnover in the ownership, a powerhouse team composed of Feller, Doby, Minnie Miñoso, Luke Easter, Bobby Avila, Al Rosen, Early Wynn, Bob Lemon, and Mike Garcia continued to contend through the early 1950s. However, Cleveland only won a single pennant in the decade, finishing second to the New York Yankees five times. Their best season of the era came in 1954, when the Indians won a then-record 111 games and returned to the World Series against the New York Giants. The team could not bring home the title, however, ultimately being upset by the Giants in a sweep. The series was notable for Willie Mays's famous over-the-shoulder catch off the bat of Vic Wertz in Game 1.  1960–1993: The 30-year slump From 1960 to 1993, the Indians managed one third-place and five fourth-place finishes but spent the rest of the time in the American League cellar. The Indians hired General Manager Frank Lane, known as "Trader" Lane away from St. Louis in 1957. Lane had gained a reputation as a GM who loved to make deals over the years. With the White Sox, Lane made over 100 trades involving over 400 players in seven years. In a short stint in St. Louis, he traded away Red Schoendienst and Harvey Haddix. Lane summed up his philosophy when he said that the only deals he regretted were the ones that he didn't make. Arriving after the 1957 season, one of Lane's early trades was to send Roger Maris to Kansas City in the middle of 1958. Indians executive Hank Greenberg was not happy about the trade and neither was Maris, who said that he couldn't stand Lane. After, Maris broke Babe Ruth's home run record, Lane defended himself by saying he still would have done the deal because Maris was unknown and he received good ballplayers in exchange. After the Maris trade, Lane acquired 25-year old Norm Cash from the White Sox for Minnie Miñoso and then traded him to Detroit before he ever played a game for the Indians. Cash went on to hit over 350 home runs for the Tigers. The Indians received Steve Demeter in the deal, who would have only five at bats for Cleveland.  The curse of Rocky Colavito In 1960, Lane made the trade that would define his tenure in Cleveland when he dealt slugging right fielder and fan favorite Rocky Colavito. Just before Opening Day in 1960, Colavito was traded to the Detroit Tigers for Harvey Kuenn. It was a blockbuster trade that swapped the 1959 AL home run co-champion (Colavito) for the AL batting champion (Kuenn). After the trade, Colavito hit over 30 home runs four times and made three All Star Teams for Detroit, and later the Kansas City Athletics, before returning to Cleveland in 1965. Kuenn, on the other hand, would play only one season for the Indians before departing in a trade for an aging Johnny Antonelli and Willie Kirkland. Akron Beacon Journal columnist Terry Pluto documented the decades of woe that followed the trade in his book The Curse of Rocky Colavito. Despite being attached to the curse, Colavito said that he never placed a curse on the Indians but that the trade was prompted by a salary dispute with Lane. Lane also engineered a unique trade of managers in mid-season 1960, sending Joe Gordon to the Tigers in exchange for Jimmy Dykes. Lane left the team in 1961, but the trades continued. In 1965, the Indians traded pitcher Tommy John, who would go on to win 288 games in his career, and 1966 Rookie of the Year Tommy Agee to the White Sox to get Colavito back. Lou Piniella, the 1969 Rookie of the Year and
Luis Tiant, who was selected to two All-Star games after leaving, both left. At one point, Cleveland even traded Harry Chiti to the New York Mets, only to receive him back as the player to be named later after 15 days. The 1970s were little better with the Indians trading away several future stars, including Graig Nettles, Dennis Eckersley, Buddy Bell and 1971 Rookie of the year Chris Chambliss, for a number of players who made no impact. Constant ownership changes did not help the Indians. In 1963, Daley's syndicate sold the team to a group headed by general manager Gabe Paul. Three years later, Paul sold the Indians to Vernon Stouffer, of the Stouffer's frozen-food empire. Prior to Stouffer's purchase, the team was rumored to be relocated due to poor attendance. Despite the potential for a financially strong owner, Stouffer had some non-baseball related financial setbacks and consequently, the team was cash-poor. In order to solve some financial problems, Stouffer had made an agreement to play a minimum of 30 home games in New Orleans. After rejecting an offer from George Steinbrenner and former Indian Al Rosen, Stouffer sold the team in 1972 to a group led by Cleveland Cavaliers owner Nick Mileti. Steinbrenner went on to buy the New York Yankees in 1973. Only five years later, Mileti's group sold the team for $11 million to a syndicate headed by trucking magnate Steve O'Neill and which included Gabe Paul, who had been an executive with the Indians, Reds and Yankees. O'Neill's death in 1983 led to the team going on the market once more. His son, Patrick O'Neill, did not find a buyer until real estate magnates Richard and David Jacobs purchased the team in 1986. The team was unable to move out of the cellar with losing seasons between 1969 and 1975. One highlight was the acquisition of Gaylord Perry in 1972. The Indians traded fireballer 'Sudden Sam' McDowell for Perry, who became the first Indian pitcher to win the Cy Young Award. In 1975, Cleveland broke another color barrier with the hiring of Frank Robinson as Major League Baseball's first African American manager. Robinson served as player-manager and would provide a franchise highlight when he hit a pinch hit home run on Opening Day. But the high profile signing of Wayne Garland, a 20-game winner in Baltimore, proved to be a disaster after Garland suffered from shoulder problems and went 28–48 over five years. The team failed to improve with Robinson as manager and he was fired in 1977. The 1987 Sports Illustrated "Indian Uprising" coverThe 1970s also featured the infamous Ten Cent Beer Night at Cleveland Municipal Stadium. The ill-conceived promotion at a 1974 game against the Texas Rangers ended in a riot by fans and a forfeit by the Indians. There were more bright spots in the 1980s. In May 1981, Len Barker threw a perfect game against the Toronto Blue Jays, joining Addie Joss as the only other Indian pitcher to do so. "Super Joe" Charbonneau won the American League Rookie of the Year award. Unfortunately, Charboneau was out of baseball by 1983 after falling victim to back injuries and Barker, who was also hampered by injuries, never became a consistently dominant starting pitcher. Eventually, the Indians traded Barker to the Atlanta Braves for Brett Butler and Brook Jacoby, who would become mainstays for the team for the remainder of the decade. Butler and Jacoby were joined by Joe Carter, Mel Hall, Julio Franco and Cory Snyder, which brought new hope to fans in the late 1980s. After a rare winning season in 1986, Sports Illustrated, with Carter and Snyder pictured on the cover, boldly predicted the Indians to win the American League East in 1987. Instead, the team went on to lose 101 games and finish with the worst record in baseball, a fate attributed to the Sports Illustrated cover jinx. Cleveland's struggles over the 30-year span were highlighted in the 1989 film Major League, which depicted a comically hapless Cleveland ball club going from worst to first by the end of the film.  Organizational turnaround Throughout the 1980s, Indians owners had pushed for a new stadium. Cleveland Stadium had been a symbol of the Indians' glory years in the 1940s and 1950s. However, during the lean years even crowds of 40,000 were swallowed up by the cavernous environment. The old stadium was not aging gracefully; chunks of concrete were falling off in sections and the old wooden pilings now petrified. In 1984, a proposal for a $150 million domed stadium was defeated in a referendum 2–1. Finally, in May 1990, Cuyahoga County voters passed an excise tax on sales of alcohol and cigarettes in the county. The tax proceeds would be used to finance the building of the Gateway Sports and Entertainment Complex which would include Jacobs Field and Gund Arena for the Cleveland Cavaliers basketball team. The team had new ownership and a new stadium on the way. They now needed a winning team. The team's fortunes started to turn in 1989, ironically with a very unpopular trade. The team sent power-hitting outfielder Joe Carter to the San Diego Padres for two unproven players, Sandy Alomar, Jr. and Carlos Baerga. Alomar made an immediate impact, not only being elected to the All-Star team but also winning Cleveland's fourth Rookie of the Year award and a Gold Glove. Baerga would become a three-time All-Star with consistent offensive production. Indians general manager John Hart made a number of moves that would finally bring success to the team. In 1991, he hired former Indian Mike Hargrove to manage and traded catcher Eddie Taubensee to the Houston Astros who, with a surplus of outfielders, were willing to part with Kenny Lofton. Lofton finished second in AL Rookie of the Year balloting with a .285 average and 66 stolen bases. The Indians were named "Organization of the Year" by Baseball America in 1992, in
response to the appearance of offensive bright spots and an improving farm system. The team suffered a tragedy during spring training of 1993, when a boat carrying pitchers Steve Olin, Tim Crews, and Bob Ojeda crashed into a pier. Olin and Crews were killed, and Ojeda was seriously injured. (Ojeda missed most of the season, and would retire the following year). By the end of the 1993 season, the team was in transition, leaving Cleveland Stadium and fielding a talented nucleus of young players. Many of those players came from the Indians' new AAA farm team, the Charlotte Knights, who won the International League title that year.  1994–2000: A new beginning Then-Jacobs FieldIndians General Manager John Hart and team owner Richard Jacobs managed to turn the team's fortunes around. The Indians opened Jacobs Field in 1994 with the aim of improving on the prior season's sixth-place finish. The Indians were only one game behind the division-leading Chicago White Sox on August 12 when a players strike wiped out the rest of the season. The strike also led to an absurdity: The Minnesota Twins traded Dave Winfield to the Cleveland Indians for a player to be named later just before the season was officially canceled, so no player was named. To settle the deal, the executives of the teams went out to dinner, and Cleveland picked up the tab, meaning that the future Hall-of-Famer had been dealt for dinner.  1995 season: A first since 1954 Having contended for the division in the aborted 1994 season, Cleveland sprinted to a 100–44 record (18 games were lost to player/owner negotiations) in 1995 winning its first ever divisional title. Veterans Dennis Martinez, Orel Hershiser and Eddie Murray combined with a young core of players including Albert Belle, Jim Thome, Manny Ramírez and Charles Nagy to lead the league in team batting average as well as team ERA. After defeating the Boston Red Sox in the Division Series and the Seattle Mariners in the ALCS, Cleveland clinched a World Series berth, for the first time since 1954. The World Series ended in disappointment with the Indians falling in six games to the Atlanta Braves. The Tribe repeated as AL Central champions in 1996, but lost to the Baltimore Orioles in the Division Series. Notably in 1996, tickets for every home game for the Indians sold out within 10 minutes of going on sale.  1997 season: Two outs away Main article: 1997 Cleveland Indians season In 1997 Cleveland started slow but finished with an 86–75 record. Taking their third consecutive AL Central title, the Tribe defeated the heavily-favored New York Yankees in the Division Series, 3–2. After defeating the Baltimore Orioles in the ALCS, Cleveland went on to face the Florida Marlins in the World Series which featured the coldest game in World Series history. With the series tied after game six, the Indians went into the ninth inning of Game 7 with a 2–1 lead, but Jose Mesa allowed the Marlins to tie the game. In the eleventh inning, Edgar Rentería drove in the winning run giving the Marlins their first championship. Cleveland became the first team to lose the World Series after carrying the lead into the bottom of the ninth inning of the seventh game. In his 2002 autobiography, Indians shortstop Omar Vizquel blamed Jose Mesa for the loss, which led to a feud between the players.  1998 In 1998, the Indians made the playoffs for the fourth straight year. After defeating the wild-card Boston Red Sox three games to one in the first round of the playoffs, Cleveland lost the 1998 ALCS in six games to the New York Yankees, who had come into the playoffs with 114 wins in the regular season.  1999 For the 1999 season, Cleveland added relief pitcher Ricardo Rincón and Roberto Alomar, brother of catcher Sandy Alomar and won the Central Division title for its fifth consecutive playoff appearance. This time, Cleveland did not make it past the first round, losing the Division Series to the Red Sox, despite taking a two games to none lead in the series. In game three of the series, Indians starter Dave Burba went down with an injury in the 4th inning. Four pitchers, including presumed game four starter Jaret Wright, surrendered nine runs in relief. Without a long reliever or emergency starter on the playoff roster, Hargrove started both Bartolo Colón and Charles Nagy in games four and five on only three days rest. The Indians lost game four 23–7 and game five 12–8. Four days later, longtime manager Mike Hargrove was dismissed, due in large part for the team's failure to win the World Series.  2000 In 2000, the Indians had a 44–42 start but caught fire after the All Star break and went 46–30 the rest of the way to finish 90–72. The team had one of the league's best offenses that year and a defense that yielded three gold gloves. However, it was not enough as they ended up five games behind the Chicago White Sox in the Central division and missed the wild card by one game to the Seattle Mariners. Mid-season trades brought Bob Wickman and Jake Westbrook to Cleveland, and free agent Manny Ramírez departed for Boston after the season. The season was notable in that the Indians set a
Major League record for most pitchers used in a single season. Colon, Burba, and Chuck Finley posted strong seasons and the bullpen was solid. But with Jaret Wright and Charles Nagy spending months on the disabled list, the team could not solidify the final two spots in the rotation. Other starting pitchers that season combined for a total of 346 2/3 innings and 265 earned runs for an ERA of 6.88. In 2000, Larry Dolan bought the Indians for $320 million from Richard Jacobs, who, along with his late brother David, had paid $45 million for the club in 1986. The sale set a record at the time for the sale of a baseball franchise.  2001–present: The Shapiro years 2001 saw a return to the playoffs. After the departures of Manny Ramírez and Sandy Alomar, Jr., the Tribe signed former-MVP Juan González, who helped the Indians win the Central division with a 91–71 record. One of the highlights came on August 5, 2001, when the Indians completed the biggest comeback in MLB History. Cleveland rallied to close a 14–2 deficit in the sixth inning to defeat the Seattle Mariners 15–14 in 11 innings. The Mariners, who won a record 116 games that season had a strong bullpen and Indians manager Charlie Manuel had already pulled many of his starters with the game seemingly out of reach. Seattle and Cleveland met in the first round of the playoffs, with the Indians taking a two games to one lead. However, with Freddy Garcia, Jamie Moyer and a strong bullpen, the Mariners won Games 4 and 5 to deny the Indians their first playoff series victory since 1998. In the 2001 offseason, GM John Hart resigned and his assistant Mark Shapiro took the reins. Shapiro moved to rebuild by dealing aging veterans for younger talent. He traded Roberto Alomar to the New York Mets for a package that included outfielder Matt Lawton and prospects Alex Escobar and Billy Traber. When the team fell out of contention in mid-2002, Shapiro fired manager Charlie Manuel and traded pitching ace Bartolo Colón for prospects Brandon Phillips, Cliff Lee, and Grady Sizemore, acquired Travis Hafner from the Rangers for Ryan Drese and Einar Diaz, and picked up Coco Crisp from the St. Louis Cardinals for aging starter Chuck Finley. Jim Thome left after the season, to go the Phillies for a larger contract. Young Indians teams finished far out of contention in 2002 and 2003 under new manager Eric Wedge. They posted strong offensive numbers in 2004 but still struggled with a bullpen that blew more than 20 saves. A highlight of the season was a 22–0 victory over the New York Yankees on August 31, one of the worst defeats suffered by the Yankees in team history. In early 2005, the offense got off to a poor start. After a brief July slump, the Indians caught fire in August, and cut a 15.5 game deficit in the Central Division down to 1.5 games. However, the season came to a heartbreaking end as the Indians went on to lose six of their last seven games, five of them by one run, missing the playoffs by only two games. In 2006 the Indians made several roster changes, while retaining its nucleus of young players. In the offseason, the Indians sent Coco Crisp, David Riske and Josh Bard to Boston in exchange for third base prospect Andy Marté, catcher Kelly Shoppach, pitcher Guillermo Mota, and PTBNL Randy Newsom, and traded Arthur Rhodes to Philadelphia for outfielder Jason Michaels. Shapiro signed Paul Byrd and Jason Johnson to replace Kevin Millwood and Scott Elarton and dealt veterans Bob Wickman, Ben Broussard, and Ronnie Belliard after the Indians had fallen out of contention. The team had a solid offensive season, led by career years from Travis Hafner and Grady Sizemore. Hafner, despite missing a month after being hit by a pitch, tied the single season grand slam record with six, set in 1987 by Don Mattingly. The team hit a combined 14 grand slams to tie a record set by the Oakland A's in 2000. Despite the solid offensive performance, the bullpen struggled with a Major League worst 23 blown saves, and the Indians finished a disappointing fourth.  2007: Return to the Playoffs Indians fans celebrate as the team clinches the 2007 division titleIn 2007, Shapiro signed veteran help for the bullpen and outfield in the offseason. Veterans Aaron Fultz, and Joe Borowski joined Rafael Betancourt in the Indians bullpen. Shapiro also signed right fielder Trot Nixon and left fielder David Dellucci to short term contracts for veteran leadership. The Indians improved significantly over the prior year and went into the All-Star break in second place. The team brought back Kenny Lofton for his third stint with the team in late July. The Indians finished with a 96–66 record for their 7th Central Division title in 13 years and their first post-season trip since 2001. The Indians began their playoff run by defeating the New York Yankees in the American League Division Series, 3 games to 1 and jumped out to a three games to one lead over the Red Sox in the American League Championship Series. The season ended in disappointment when Boston swept the final three games to advance to the 2007 World Series. Despite the loss, Cleveland players took home a number of awards. Grady Sizemore, who had a .995 fielding percentage and only two errors in 405 chances, won the Gold Glove award, Cleveland's first since 2001. Indians Pitcher C.C. Sabathia won the second Cy Young Award in team history with a 19–7 record, a 3.21 ERA and an MLB leading 241 innings pitched. Eric Wedge was awarded the first Manager of the Year Award in team history.  Season-by-season results Main article: Cleveland Indians seasons  Uniforms The Indians' home uniform is white with navy piping around the neck and down either side of the buttons on the front of the jersey; the navy piping is also located around each sleeve.
Across the front of the jersey in script font is the word "Indians" in red with a blue and white outline. The jersey has the Chief Wahoo logo on the left sleeve. The home cap is navy with a red bill and features the Chief Wahoo logo on the front. The road uniform is gray with identical piping to the home jersey. The word "Cleveland" in red script font is placed on the front of the jersey, also with a blue and white outline. Like the home uniform, the Chief Wahoo logo is located on the left sleeve. The road cap is entirely navy with the Chief Wahoo logo on the front. The alternate home uniform is new for the 2008 season. It is cream in color with "Indians" across the front in red block lettering with a dark navy outline. The Chief Wahoo logo is located on the left sleeve. This jersey is the only Indians jersey to not have the players' names on the back. The alternate home cap is dark navy with a red block "C" on the front. This uniform is worn during weekend and holiday home games. The alternate road jersey is blue with white piping around the neck and down either side of the buttons on the front of the jersey; the white piping is also located around each sleeve. Script "Indians" is located across the front of the jersey in the same fashion as the home uniform; the Chief Wahoo logo is on the left sleeve. The alternate road cap is navy with a script "I" on the front. The blue jersey is also worn during selected home games with the standard home cap.  Fan support  Sellout streak On June 12, 1995, the Indians began a record-breaking 455-game home sellout streak that did not end until April 4, 2001, almost six years later. The streak would span parts of seven MLB seasons, extend over 2,100 days, and would draw a total of 19,324,248 fans to Jacobs (now Progressive) Field. The demand for tickets was so great that all 81 home games were sold out before Opening Day on at least three separate occasions. The 455 straight home game sellouts remained a Major League Baseball record, until broken by the Boston Red Sox on September 8, 2008. The team's success during the late 1990s would even lead comedian and Cleveland native Drew Carey to quip, "Finally it's your team that sucks!" As a thank-you to their fans, the Indians honored them with a retired number – 455, signifying the length of the streak.  Celebrity fans Drew Carey, actor, comedian Jay Crawford, ESPN sportscaster Tom Hanks, actor, director, producer Jim Jarmusch, director Dennis Kucinich, Congessman and former Mayor of Cleveland. Kucinich is known to carry the baseball cards of Rocky Colavito and Lou Boudreau in his pocket. Jerry Lawler, wrestler, color commentator of WWE Raw Chris Rose, sportscaster, host of the Best Damn Sports Show Period  Radio and television Main article: List of Cleveland Indians broadcasters The Indians' flagship radio station is WTAM, a news/talk station located at 1100 AM. Tom Hamilton and Mike Hegan are the radio announcers, with Jim Rosenhaus serving as pregame host, producer/engineer, and fill-in whenever Hamilton or Hegan take time off. Select games can be heard on WMMS 100.7 FM when there is a conflict with Cleveland Cavaliers basketball games, which air on WTAM. If the Cavaliers are in the playoffs, all conflicted Indians games go to WMMS. The television rights are held by SportsTime Ohio, a network launched in 2006 by the Indians. Matt Underwood and Rick Manning form the announcing team for the telecasts for 138 games, with Al Palowski as the pregame and postgame host and update anchor during the game. Twenty games a year are shown on over the air TV, originating on NBC affiliate WKYC Channel 3, with sports director Jim Donovan joining Manning in the broadcast booth. Broadcast games are also carried on WWHO 53, Columbus; WLIO 35 Lima; WICU-TV 12 (or WSEE-TV 35) Erie, PA; WNGS 67, Buffalo, NY; MY-YTV (WYTV-DT) 33.2, Youngstown; and BCSN Toledo. Past Indians broadcasters include Tom Manning, Jack Graney (the first ex-baseball player to become a play-by-play announcer), Jack Corrigan (now with the Colorado Rockies), Jimmy Dudley who received the Ford Frick Award in 1997, Ken Coleman, Joe Castiglione, Van Patrick, Joe Tait, Bruce Drennan, Jim "Mudcat" Grant, Harry Jones, Rocky Colavito and Herb Score, who called Indians' baseball for 38 seasons.  Baseball Hall of Famers Nap Lajoie on a 1911 baseball cardEarl Averill Lou Boudreau Steve Carlton Stan Coveleski Larry Doby Dennis Eckersley Bob Feller
Elmer Flick Addie Joss Ralph Kiner Nap Lajoie Bob Lemon Al Lopez Eddie Murray Hal Newhouser Phil Niekro Satchel Paige Gaylord Perry Sam Rice Frank Robinson Joe Sewell Billy Southworth Tris Speaker* Hoyt Wilhelm Dick Williams Dave Winfield Early Wynn Cy Young Affiliation according to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum Names in bold inducted as Indians * Has no insignia on his cap due to playing at a time when caps bore no insignia  Retired numbers The Fans Retired 2001 Bob Feller SP, Coach Retired 1957 Earl Averill CF Retired 1975 Larry Doby CF, Coach Retired 1994 Bob Lemon 3B, SP, Coach Retired 1998 Lou Boudreau SS, M Retired 1970 Mel Harder SP, Coach Retired 1990 Jackie Robinson 2B Retired 1997 Jackie Robinson's number 42 is retired throughout Major League Baseball. The number 455 was honored after the Indians sold out 455 consecutive games between 1995 and 2001, which was an MLB record until it was surpassed by the Boston Red Sox on September 8, 2008.  Current roster Cleveland Indians roster view • talk • edit Active roster Inactive roster Coaches/Other Pitchers Starting rotation 55 Fausto Carmona* 57 Zach Jackson 31 Cliff Lee 46 Scott Lewis 27 Anthony Reyes 45 Jeremy Sowers Bullpen 63 Rafael Betancourt 26 Bryan Bullington 58 Brendan Donnelly 30 Masahide Kobayashi 40 Tom Mastny 59 John Meloan 49 Edward Mujica 53 Rafael Pérez 34 Juan Rincón 56 Rich Rundles 54 Brian Slocum Closer 50 Jensen Lewis Catchers 44 Sal Fasano 41 Víctor Martínez 10 Kelly Shoppach Infielders 23 Michael Aubrey 29 Josh Barfield 13 Asdrúbal Cabrera 7 Jamey Carroll 25 Ryan Garko 15 Andy Marté 2 Jhonny Peralta Outfielders 17 Shin-Soo Choo 20 David Dellucci 12 Ben Francisco 38 Franklin Gutiérrez 24 Grady Sizemore Designated hitters 48 Travis Hafner Pitchers 32 Aaron Laffey 72 Adam Miller 70 Tony Sipp Catchers 76 Wyatt Toregas Manager 22 Eric Wedge Coaches 28 Jeff Datz (bench) 4 Luis Isaac (bullpen) 60 Dennis Malavé (bullpen catcher) 6 Luis Rivera (first base/infield) 9 Derek Shelton (hitting) 35 Joel Skinner (third base) 43 Dan Williams (bullpen catcher) 51 Carl Willis (pitching) 60-day disabled list 39 Scott Elarton 37 Jake Westbrook † 15-day disabled list * Suspended list # Bereavement list Roster updated 2008-09-23 Transactions • Depth Chart  Minor league affiliations AAA: Columbus Clippers, International League AA: Akron Aeros, Eastern League Advanced A: Kinston Indians, Carolina League A: Lake County Captains, South Atlantic League Short Season A: Mahoning Valley Scrappers, New York-Penn League Rookie: GCL Indians, Gulf Coast League Rookie: DSL Indians, Dominican Summer League  See also Cleveland Indians award winners and league leaders Cleveland Indians managers and ownership Cleveland Indians seasons Cleveland Indians team records List of sports team names and mascots derived from indigenous peoples Native American mascot controversy  References ^ "Indians a step closer to taking Spring Training to Arizona", WKYC News. Retrieved on 2008-06-20. ^ Court TV Verdicts: Ohio v. Bellecourt ^ "Cleveland Indians". New York Times, posted at The Sports Network. Retrieved on 2008-06-20. ^ http://retrosheet.org/boxesetc/Y_1872.htm ^ Schneider, Russell (2001). Cleveland Indians Encyclopedia. Sports Publishing LLC, 9. ISBN 1582613761. ^ Hittner, Arthur (2003). Honus Wagner: The Life of Baseball's Flying Dutchman. McFarland & Company. ISBN 0786418117. ^ Bob Diskin, Special to ESPN.com, A pitcher worthy of a trophy ^ Kirk Kenney, San Diego Union Tribune, Baseball's moving experience, June 20, 2005 ^ a b c d e Purdy, Dennis (2006). The Team-by-Team Encyclopedia of Major League Baseball. New York City: Workman. ISBN 0761139435. ^ Schneider, Russell (2001). Cleveland Indians Encyclopedia. Sports Publishing LLC, 11. ISBN 1582613761. ^ Schneider, Russell (2001). Cleveland Indians Encyclopedia. Sports Publishing LLC, 12-13. ISBN 1582613761. ^ Seymour, Harold (1960). Baseball. Oxford University Press, US, 214–215. ISBN 0195001001. ^ "1908 American League Standings". Baseball-reference.com. Retrieved on 2008-06-19. ^ Schneider, Russell (2001). Cleveland Indians Encyclopedia. Sports Publishing LLC, 319. ISBN 1582613761. ^ Schneider, Russell (2001). Cleveland Indians Encyclopedia. Sports Publishing LLC, 413. ISBN 1582613761. ^ "Obituary, Pitcher Joss Dead: Ill Only Few Days", New York Times (April 15, 1911). Retrieved on 2008-06-20. ^ Fleitz, David L. (2001). Shoeless: The Life and Times of Joe Jackson. McFarland, 40. ISBN 0786409789. ^ "1914 American League Standings". Baseball-reference.com. Retrieved on 2008-06-27. ^ "1915 American League Standings". Baseball-reference.com. Retrieved on 2008-06-27. ^ Schneider, Russell (2001). Cleveland Indians Encyclopedia. Sports Publishing LLC, 321. ISBN 1582613761. ^ Schneider, Russell (2001). Cleveland Indians Encyclopedia. Sports Publishing LLC, 23. ISBN 1582613761. ^ a b c Pluto, Terry. [accessed at http://everything2.com/index.pl?node=Cleveland%20Indians Our Tribe: A
Baseball Memoir]. Simon & Schuster, 214–215. ISBN 0-684-84505-9. ^ a b Lewis, Franklin (2006). The Cleveland Indians. Kent State University Press reprint from Putnam, pp.76-77. ISBN 9780873388856. ^ Ratajczak, Kenneth (2008). The Wrong Man Out. AuthorHouse, pp.76-77. ISBN 1434356787. ^ Schneider, Russell (2001). Cleveland Indians Encyclopedia. Sports Publishing LLC, 23–24. ISBN 1582613761. ^ Report of Chapman's Death, New York Times, 8/18/1920 ^ Historical Standings - Monday, Aug 16, 1920 - Baseball-Reference.com ^ Berkow, Ira (1989-10-13). "SPORTS OF THE TIMES; When Sewell Replaced Ray Chapman", New York Times. Retrieved on 2008-06-27. ^ 1920 Cleveland Indians Schedule by Baseball Almanac ^ 1920 Chicago White Sox Schedule by Baseball Almanac ^ C. Phillip Francis. "The Cleveland Crybabies". Chatter from the Dugout. Retrieved on 2008-06-27. ^ DeMaio Brewer, Lisa (2000-06-21). "A National Treasure Calls Wilkes "Home"", The Record of Wilkes, N.C.. Retrieved on 2008-06-27. ^ Housh, Leighton (04-04-1965). "Hal Trosky, Norway, 1965", Des Moines Register. Retrieved on 2008-06-27. ^ Schneider, Russell (2001). Cleveland Indians Encyclopedia. Sports Publishing LLC, 52. ISBN 1582613761. ^ Schneider, Russell (2001). Cleveland Indians Encyclopedia. Sports Publishing LLC, 56, 346. ISBN 1582613761. ^ Boxerman, Burton Alan; Benita W. Boxerman (2003). Ebbets to Veeck to Busch: Eight Owners Who Shaped Baseball. McFarland, 128. ISBN 0786415622. ^ Jewish Sports Hall of Fame, Induction of Max Patkin ^ a b c d e f Borsvold, David (2003). The Cleveland Indians: Cleveland Press Years, 1920-1982. Arcadia Publishing, 37-38. ISBN 0738523259. ^ "League Park may glisten once again". Cleveland Indians.com. Retrieved on 2008-06-28. ^ "Satchel Paige 1948 Statistics". Baseball-reference.com. Retrieved on 2008-06-28. ^ The Kid from Cleveland (1949) ^ Ribowsky, Mark (2000). Don't Look Back: Satchel Paige in the Shadows of Baseball. De Capo Press, 286. ISBN 030680963X. ^ a b Eisenbath, Mike; Stan Musial (1999). The Cardinals Encyclopedia. Temple University Press. ISBN 1566397030. ^ Schneider, Russell (2002). Tales from the Tribe Dugout. Sports Publishing LLC. ISBN 1582613036. ^ a b c Rosenfeld, Harvey (2002). Still a Legend: The Story of Roger Maris. iUniverse. ISBN 059524615X. ^ Dow, Bill (September 2001). "Former Tiger Norm Cash". Baseball Digest. Retrieved on 2006-08-11. ^ Borsvold, David (1960). The Cleveland Indians: Cleveland Press Years, 1920-1982. Arcadia Publishing, 81. ISBN 0738523259. ^ Gietschier, Steve (1994-09-25). "The Curse of Rocky Colavito: A Loving Look at a Thirty-Year Slump. - book reviews". Retrieved on 2008-06-10. ^ a b Grossfeld, Stan (2007-10-12). "Colavito Always Straight Shooter", The Boston Globe. Retrieved on 2008-06-29. ^ http://www.hrm.uh.edu/home.asp?PrintPage=1&PageID=187 ^ Schneider, Russell (2001). Cleveland Indians Encyclopedia. Sports Publishing LLC, 352. ISBN 1582613761. ^ Schneider, Russell (2005). More Tales From the Tribe Dugout. Sports Publishing, LLC. ISBN 1582616809. ^ Robinson, James G. "10-Cent Beer Night". Retrieved on 2006-08-11. ^ a b c Anthony Castrovince (2006-05-15). "Barker's special night remains vivid". MLB.com. Retrieved on 2008-07-01. ^ Stephen Ripley (2007-07-08). "Missing in Action". Winnepeg Sun. Retrieved on 2008-07-01. ^ Jon Morgan (1995-12-17). "Inside the Browns deal". Baltimore Sun, reprinted by the Chicago Tribune. Retrieved on 2008-07-01. ^ "Tax Rise and Domed Stadium Are Voted Down in Cleveland". Associated Press, reprinted at the New York Times (05-10-1984). Retrieved on 2008-07-01. ^ Jennifer Stoffel (1990-06-13). "New Sports Complex for Cleveland". New York Times. Retrieved on 2008-07-01. ^ The Official Site of The Cleveland Indians: History: Indians History ^ Jayson Stark (2003-03-21). "Ten years later, the pain is still there". ESPN.com. Retrieved on 2008-06-30. ^ Tom, Keegan (1994-09-11). "Owners try on global thinking cap", The Baltimore Sun, p. 2C. ^ ESPN.com: MLB - Vizquel-Mesa feud hits a high point ^ "No work Yankees". Sports Illustrated (1998-10-15). Retrieved on 2008-09-08. ^ "Early Returns Favor Braves", Los Angeles Times (1998-11-29). Retrieved on 2008-09-08. ^ a b "1999 PLAYOFFS: DIVISION SERIES; Red Sox Find Answers, Raising More Questions", New York Times (1999-10-10). Retrieved on 2008-09-08. ^ "Red Sox headed to ALCS after beating Cleveland 12-8". CNNSI.com (1999-10-12). Retrieved on 2008-09-08. ^ John Snyder (2008). Indians Journal. Menasha Ridge Press. ^ "Cleveland Indians sold to Dolan". CBS Marketwatch (1999-11-04). Retrieved on 2008-09-08. ^ "Vizquel's six hits tie AL record". ESPN (2004-08-31). Retrieved on 2008-06-08. ^ Autullo, Ryan (2008-05-11). "ESPN host talks sports for a living", The Blade. Retrieved on 2008-06-29. ^ "CNN People in the News, Profiles of Halle Berry and Tom Hanks". CNN.com (2005-02-26). Retrieved on 2008-07-08. ^ "Jim Jarmusch Interview". DVDTalk.com (2002-11-22). Retrieved on 2008-07-08. ^ Lamb, David (2003-07-13). "Dennis J. Kucinich (Profiles of Democratic Presidential Candidates)", Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on 2008-09-08. ^ Schwartz, Brant (2006-06-21). "Strike-King". WWE.com. Retrieved on 2008-07-08. ^ Stewart, Larry (2008-06-23). "Her Dad's Power of Persuasion", Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on 2008-07-08.  External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Cleveland IndiansOfficial site
Cleveland Indians 1998 Annual Report, the last filed with the SEC Sports E-Cyclopedia Preceded by Cincinnati Reds 1919 World Series Champions Cleveland Indians 1920 Succeeded by New York Giants 1921 and 1922 Preceded by New York Yankees 1947 World Series Champions Cleveland Indians 1948 Succeeded by New York Yankees 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Preceded by Chicago White Sox 1919 American League Champions Cleveland Indians 1920 Succeeded by New York Yankees 1921 and 1922 Preceded by New York Yankees 1947 American League Champions Cleveland Indians 1948 Succeeded by New York Yankees 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953 Preceded by New York Yankees 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953 American League Champions Cleveland Indians 1954 Succeeded by New York Yankees 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958 Preceded by Toronto Blue Jays 1992 and 1993 American League Champions Cleveland Indians 1995 Succeeded by New York Yankees 1996 Preceded by New York Yankees 1996 American League Champions Cleveland Indians 1997 Succeeded by New York Yankees 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001 [show]v • d • eCleveland Indians Based in Cleveland, Ohio The Franchise History • Seasons • Records • Players • Managers and Owners • Broadcasters Ballparks League Park • Cleveland Stadium • Progressive Field Culture Chief Wahoo • John Adams • The Catch • Ten Cent Beer Night • Curse of Rocky Colavito • Cleveland Sports Curse • Major League • "Cleveland Rocks" Important Figures Nap Lajoie • Addie Joss • Ray Chapman • Tris Speaker • Stan Coveleski • Joe Sewell • Mel Harder • Earl Averill • Hal Trosky • Bob Feller • Lou Boudreau • Bob Lemon • Bill Veeck • Al Rosen • Larry Doby • Mike Garcia • Early Wynn • Herb Score • Rocky Colavito • Mudcat Grant • Sam McDowell • Luis Tiant • Andre Thornton • Albert Belle • Sandy Alomar Jr • Jim Thome • Kenny Lofton • Omar Vizquel • Bartolo Colón • CC Sabathia • Travis Hafner • Víctor Martínez • Grady Sizemore • Fausto Carmona Retired Numbers 3 • 5 • 14 • 18 • 19 • 21 • 42 • 455 Key Personnel Owner: Larry Dolan • General Manager: Mark Shapiro • Manager: Eric Wedge World Series Champions (2) 1920 • 1948 American League Pennants (5) 1920 • 1948 • 1954 • 1995 • 1997 Division Championships Central: 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2001 • 2007 • Wild Card: none Minor League Affiliates AAA: Columbus Clippers • AA: Akron Aeros • A: Kinston Indians • Lake County Captains • Mahoning Valley Scrappers • Rookie: Gulf Coast Indians • DSL Indians Other Assets SportsTime Ohio [show] Seasons (108) 1900s 1900 • 1901 • 1902 • 1903 • 1904 • 1905 • 1906 • 1907 • 1908 • 1909 1910s 1910 • 1911 • 1912 • 1913 • 1914 • 1915 • 1916 • 1917 • 1918 • 1919 1920s 1920 • 1921 • 1922 • 1923 • 1924 • 1925 • 1926 • 1927 • 1928 • 1929 1930s 1930 • 1931 • 1932 • 1933 • 1934 • 1935 • 1936 • 1937 • 1938 • 1939 1940s 1940 • 1941 • 1942 • 1943 • 1944 • 1945 • 1946 • 1947 • 1948 • 1949 1950s 1950 • 1951 • 1952 • 1953 • 1954 • 1955 • 1956 • 1957 • 1958 • 1959 1960s 1960 • 1961 • 1962 • 1963 • 1964 • 1965 • 1966 • 1967 • 1968 • 1969 1970s 1970 • 1971 • 1972 • 1973 • 1974 • 1975 • 1976 • 1977 • 1978 • 1979 1980s 1980 • 1981 • 1982 • 1983 • 1984 • 1985 • 1986 • 1987 • 1988 • 1989 1990s 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 2000s 2000 • 2001 • 2002 • 2003 • 2004 • 2005 • 2006 • 2007 • 2008 • 2009 [show]v • d • eCleveland Indians franchise AAA AA A Rookie Columbus Clippers Akron Aeros Kinston Indians Lake County Captains Mahoning Valley Scrappers Gulf Coast Indians DSL Indians [show]World Series Championship Navigation Boxes [show]v • d • eCleveland Indians 1920 World Series roster Jim Bagby | George Burns | Ray Caldwell | Stan Coveleski | Joe Evans | Larry Gardner | Jack Graney | Charlie Jamieson | Doc Johnston | Harry Lunte | Duster Mails | Les Nunamaker | Steve O'Neill | Joe Sewell | Elmer Smith | Tris Speaker | Pinch Thomas | George Uhle | Bill Wambsganss | Joe Wood Manager Tris Speaker [show]v • d • eCleveland Indians 1948 World Series roster 3 Eddie Robinson | 4 Joe Gordon | 5 Lou Boudreau | 6 Ken Keltner | 7 Al Rosen | 10 Jim Hegan | 11 Ray Boone | 12 Joe Tipton | 14 Larry Doby | 16 Ed Klieman | 18 Russ Christopher | 19 Bob Feller | 21 Bob Lemon | 24 Bob Kennedy | 25 Bob Muncrief | 27 Steve Gromek | 29 Satchel Paige | 30 Gene Bearden | 31 Allie Clark | 34 Dale
Mitchell | 35 Wally Judnich | 36 Hal Peck | 38 Thurman Tucker Manager 5 Lou Boudreau Major League Baseball (2008) AL East Central West Baltimore Orioles Chicago White Sox Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim Boston Red Sox Cleveland Indians Oakland Athletics New York Yankees Detroit Tigers Seattle Mariners Tampa Bay Rays Kansas City Royals Texas Rangers Toronto Blue Jays Minnesota Twins NL East Central West Atlanta Braves Chicago Cubs Arizona Diamondbacks Florida Marlins Cincinnati Reds Colorado Rockies New York Mets Houston Astros Los Angeles Dodgers Philadelphia Phillies Milwaukee Brewers San Diego Padres Washington Nationals Pittsburgh Pirates San Francisco Giants St. Louis Cardinals Post-Season: World Series · ALCS · NLCS · ALDS · NLDS All-Star Game · World Baseball Classic · Baseball awards · Hall of Fame · MLBPA · TV contracts Baseball year-by-year · Minor leagues · Negro leagues · All-American Girls Professional Baseball League · Federal League · History of baseball [show]v • d • eSports teams based in Ohio Baseball AL: Cleveland Indians, NL: Cincinnati Reds, IL: Columbus Clippers•Toledo Mud Hens, EL: Akron Aeros, NYPL: Mahoning Valley Scrappers, SAL: Lake County Captains, MWL: Dayton Dragons, FL: Chillicothe Paints, GLSCL: Cincinnati Steam • Columbus All-Americans • Delaware Cows • Grand Lake Mariners • Lake Erie Monarchs • Licking County Settlers • Lima Locos • Southern Ohio Copperheads • Stark County Terriers • Xenia Athletes in Action Basketball NBA: Cleveland Cavaliers Football NFL: Cincinnati Bengals • Cleveland Browns, AFL: Cleveland Gladiators • Columbus Destroyers, af2: Mahoning Valley Thunder, MCFL: Kentucky/Ohio Xtreme, CIFL: Marion Mayhem • Miami Valley Silverbacks, AIFA: Canton Legends, NWFA: Cincinnati Sizzle • Cleveland Fusion • Columbus Comets • Dayton Diamonds, IWFL; Columbus Phantoms, WPFL; Toledo Reign Hockey NHL: Columbus Blue Jackets, AHL: Lake Erie Monsters, CHL: Youngstown SteelHounds, ECHL: Cincinnati Cyclones • Dayton Bombers • Toledo Walleye, MAHL: Lake Erie Vikings, NAHL: Mahoning Valley Phantoms, UJHL: Cleveland-Harrow HC • Findlay Grrrowl • Wooster Oilers Soccer MLS: Columbus Crew, PASL-Pro: 1790 Cincinnati, USL-2: Cleveland City Stars, PDL: Cincinnati Kings • Cleveland Internationals Softball NPF: Akron Racers Australian rules football USAFL: Cincinnati Dockers College athletics (NCAA Division I) Akron • Bowling Green • Cincinnati • Cleveland State • Dayton • Kent State • Miami • Ohio • Ohio State • Toledo • Wright State • Xavier • Youngstown State Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cleveland_Indians" Categories: Sports clubs established in 1901 | Cleveland Indians | Major League Baseball teams | Cultural appropriation | Baseball teams in Ohio
227's YouTube "Chili" - STOMP THE YARD (BLACK COLLEGE STEP SHOW MOVIE) Starring Columbus Short, Meagan Good, Ne-Yo, Darrin Henson, Chris Brown, Brian White, Las Alonso, Valerie Pettiford & Harry Lennix (NBA Mix)!
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Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Chili")!
Beyonce * Shakira * Jordin Sparks * Mariah Carey * New Boyz * Jason DeRulo * Mario ft. Gucci Mane & Sean Garrett * Katy Perry * The Black Eyed Peas * Colby Caillat * Fabolous ft. The Dream * Jason Aldean * Daughtry * Lady Gaga * Michael Franti & Spearhead Featuring Cherine Anderson * Boys Like Girls * Flo Rida Featuring Ne-Yo * Dorrough * Green Day * Linkin Park * Pink * Justin Bieber * Rob Thomas * Maxwell * Jason Mraz * Young Money * The Fray * Rascal Flatts * Zac Brown Band * Shinedown * Disney's Friends For Change * Toby Keith * Darius Rucker * Cascada * Billy Currington * Justin Moore * Kid Cudi Featuring Kanye West & Common * Keith Urban * Randy Houser * Drake Featuring Lil Wayne * Jeremih * Pearl Jam * Kelly Clarkson * George Strait * LMFAO * Twista Featuring Erika Shevon * Uncle Kracker * Eric Church * Jack Ingram * Love And Theft * Parachute * Chris Young * Theory Of A Deadman * Tim McGraw * Sean Paul * Gloriana * Creed * Ginuwine * Keyshia Cole Duet With Monica * Blake Shelton * Iyaz
2009 NCAA Basketball Tournament! List of NCAA Division 1 Teams & Coaches at 227!
America East Conference Albany - Will Brown Binghamton - Kevin Broadus Boston University - Dennis Wolff Hartford - Dan Leibovitz Maine - Ted Woodward New Hampshire - Bill Herrion Stony Brook - Steve Pikiell UMBC - Randy Monroe Vermont - Mike Lonergan 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! America East Conference
Atlantic 10 Conference Charlotte - Bobby Lutz Dayton - Brian Gregory Duquesne - Ron Everhart Fordham - Dereck Whittenburg George Washington - Karl Hobbs La Salle - John Giannini Rhode Island - Jim Baron Richmond - Chris Mooney St. Bonaventure - Mark Schmidt Saint Joseph's - Phil Martelli Saint Louis - Rick Majerus Temple - Fran Dunphy UMass - Derek Kellogg Xavier - Sean Miller 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic 10 Conference
Atlantic Coast Conference Boston College - Al Skinner Clemson - Oliver Purnell Duke - Mike Krzyzewski Florida State - Leonard Hamilton Georgia Tech - Paul Hewitt Maryland - Gary Williams Miami (Florida) - Frank Haith North Carolina - Roy Williams North Carolina State - Sidney Lowe Virginia - Dave Leitao Virginia Tech - Seth Greenberg Wake Forest - Dino Gaudio 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic Coast Conference
Atlantic Sun Conference Belmont - Rick Byrd Campbell - Robbie Laing East Tennessee State - Murry Bartow Florida Gulf Coast - Dave Balza Jacksonville - Cliff Warren Kennesaw State - Tony Ingle Lipscomb - Scott Sanderson Mercer - Bob Hoffman North Florida - Matt Kilcullen Stetson - Derek Waugh USC Upstate - Eddie Payne 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic Sun Conference
Big 12 Conference Baylor - Scott Drew Colorado - Jeff Bzdelik Iowa State - Greg McDermott Kansas - Bill Self Kansas State - Frank Martin Missouri - Mike Anderson Nebraska - Doc Sadler Oklahoma - Jeff Capel III Oklahoma State - Travis Ford Texas - Rick Barnes Texas A&M - Mark Turgeon Texas Tech - Pat Knight 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big 12 Conference
Big East Conference Cincinnati - Mick Cronin Connecticut - Jim Calhoun DePaul - Jerry Wainwright Georgetown - John Thompson III Louisville - Rick Pitino Marquette - Buzz Williams Notre Dame - Mike Brey Pittsburgh - Jamie Dixon Providence - Keno Davis Rutgers - Fred Hill St. John's - Norm Roberts Seton Hall - Bobby Gonzalez South Florida - Stan Heath Syracuse - Jim Boeheim Villanova - Jay Wright West Virginia - Bobby Huggins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big East Conference
Big Sky Conference Eastern Washington - Kirk Earlywine Idaho State - Joe O'Brien Montana - Wayne Tinkle Montana State - Brad Huse Northern Arizona - Mike Adras Northern Colorado - Tad Boyle Portland State - Ken Bone Sacramento State - Brian Katz Weber State - Randy Rahe 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big Sky Conference
Big South Conference Charleston Southern - Barclay Radebaugh Coastal Carolina - Cliff Ellis Gardner-Webb - Rick Scruggs High Point - Bart Lundy Liberty - Ritchie McKay Presbyterian - Gregg Nibert Radford - Brad Greenberg UNC-Asheville - Eddie Biedenbach VMI - Duggar Baucom Winthrop - Randy Peele 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big South Conference
Big Ten Conference Illinois - Bruce Weber Indiana - Tom Crean Iowa - Todd Lickliter Michigan - John Beilein Michigan State - Tom Izzo Minnesota - Tubby Smith Northwestern - Bill Carmody Ohio State - Thad Matta Penn State - Ed DeChellis Purdue - Matt Painter Wisconsin - Bo Ryan 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big Ten Conference
Big West Conference Cal Poly - Kevin Bromley Cal State Fullerton - Bob Burton Cal State Northridge - Bobby Braswell Long Beach State - Dan Monson Pacific - Bob Thomason UC Davis - Gary Stewart UC Irvine - Pat Douglass UC Riverside - Jim Wooldridge UC Santa Barbara - Bob Williams 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big West Conference
Colonial Athletic Association Delaware - Monte Ross Drexel - Bruiser Flint George Mason - Jim Larranaga Georgia State - Rod Barnes Hofstra - Tom Pecora James Madison - Matt Brady Northeastern - Bill Coen Old Dominion - Blaine Taylor Towson - Pat Kennedy UNC-Wilmington - Benny Moss Virginia Commonwealth - Anthony Grant William & Mary - Tony Shaver 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Colonial Athletic Association
Conference USA East Carolina - Mack McCarthy Houston - Tom Penders Marshall - Donnie Jones Memphis - John Calipari Rice - Ben Braun Southern Methodist - Matt Doherty Southern Mississippi - Larry Eustachy Tulane - Dave Dickerson Tulsa - Doug Wojcik UAB - Mike Davis UCF - Kirk Speraw UTEP - Tony Barbee 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Conference USA
Horizon League - Butler - Brad Stevens Cleveland State - Gary Waters Detroit - Ray McCallum Loyola (Chicago) - Jim Whitesell UIC - Jimmy Collins UW-Green Bay - Tod Kowalczyk UW-Milwaukee - Rob Jeter Valparaiso - Homer Drew Wright State - Brad Brownell Youngstown State - Jerry Slocum 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Horizon League
Independents Bryant - Tim O'Shea Cal State Bakersfield - Keith Brown Chicago State - Benjy Taylor Houston Baptist - Ron Cottrell Longwood - Mike Gillian New Jersey Institute of Technology - Jim Engles North Carolina Central - Henry Dickerson Savannah State - Horace Broadnax SIU-Edwardsville - Lennox Forrester Texas-Pan American - Tom Schuberth Utah Valley - Dick Hunsaker 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! NCAA Division I independent schools (basketball)
Ivy League Brown - Jesse Agel Columbia - Joe Jones Cornell - Steve Donahue Dartmouth - Terry Dunn Harvard - Tommy Amaker Penn - Glen Miller Princeton - Sydney Johnson Yale - James Jones 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Ivy League
Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference Canisius - Tom Parrotta Fairfield - Ed Cooley Iona - Kevin Willard Loyola (Maryland) - Jimmy Patsos Manhattan - Barry Rohrssen Marist - Chuck Martin Niagara - Joe Mihalich Rider - Tommy Dempsey St. Peter's - John Dunne Siena - Fran McCaffery 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-American Conference
Mid-American Conference Akron – Keith Dambrot Ball State – Billy Taylor Bowling Green – Louis Orr Buffalo – Reggie Witherspoon Central Michigan – Ernie Ziegler Eastern Michigan – Charles Ramsey Kent State – Geno Ford Miami – Charlie Coles Northern Illinois – Ricardo Patton Ohio – John Groce Toledo – Gene Cross Western Michigan – Steve Hawkins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-American Conference
Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference Bethune-Cookman - Clifford Reed Coppin State - Ron Mitchell Delaware State - Greg Jackson Florida A&M - Mike Gillespie Hampton - Kevin Nickelberry Howard - Gil Jackson Maryland-Eastern Shore - Meredith Smith Morgan State - Todd Bozeman Norfolk State - Anthony Evans North Carolina A&T - Jerry Eaves South Carolina State - Tim Carter Winston-Salem State - Bobby Collins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference
Missouri Valley Conference Bradley - Jim Les Creighton - Dana Altman Drake - Mark Phelps Evansville - Marty Simmons Illinois State - Tim Jankovich Indiana State - Kevin McKenna Missouri State - Cuonzo Martin Northern Iowa - Ben Jacobson Southern Illinois - Chris Lowery Wichita State - Gregg Marshall 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Missouri Valley Conference
Mountain West Conference Air Force - Jeff Reynolds Brigham Young - Dave Rose Colorado State - Tim Miles New Mexico - Steve Alford San Diego State - Steve Fisher Texas Christian - Neil Dougherty UNLV - Lon Kruger Utah - Jim Boylen Wyoming - Heath Schroyer 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mountain West Conference
Northeast Conference Central Connecticut State - Howie Dickenman Fairleigh Dickinson - Tom Green LIU-Brooklyn - Jim Ferry Monmouth - Dave Calloway Mount St. Mary's - Milan Brown Quinnipiac - Tom Moore Robert Morris - Mike Rice Jr. Sacred Heart - Dave Bike St. Francis (PA) - Don Friday St. Francis (NY) - Brian Nash Wagner - Mike Deane 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Northeast Conference
Ohio Valley Conference Austin Peay - Dave Loos Eastern Illinois - Mike Miller Eastern Kentucky - Jeff Neubauer Jacksonville State - James Green Morehead State - Donnie Tyndall Murray State - Billy Kennedy Southeast Missouri - Zac Roman Tennessee-Martin - Bret Campbell Tennessee State - Cy Alexander Tennessee Tech - Mike Sutton 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Ohio Valley Conference
Pacific-10 Conference Arizona - Russ Pennell Arizona State - Herb Sendek California - Mike Montgomery Oregon - Ernie Kent Oregon State - Craig Robinson Stanford - Johnny Dawkins UCLA - Ben Howland USC - Tim Floyd Washington - Lorenzo Romar Washington State - Tony Bennett 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Pacific-10 Conference
Patriot League American - Jeff Jones Army - Jim Crews Bucknell - Dave Paulsen Colgate - Emmett Davis Holy Cross - Ralph Willard Lafayette - Fran O'Hanlon Lehigh - Brett Reed Navy - Billy Lange 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Patriot League
Southeastern Conference Alabama - Philip Pearson Arkansas - John Pelphrey Auburn - Jeff Lebo Florida - Billy Donovan Georgia - Pete Herrmann Kentucky - Billy Gillispie LSU - Trent Johnson Mississippi - Andy Kennedy Mississippi State - Rick Stansbury South Carolina - Darrin Horn Tennessee - Bruce Pearl Vanderbilt - Kevin Stallings 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southeastern Conference
Southern Conference Appalachian State - Houston Fancher Chattanooga - John Shulman The Citadel - Ed Conroy College of Charleston - Bobby Cremins Davidson - Bob McKillop Elon - Ernie Nestor Furman - Jeff Jackson Georgia Southern - Jeff Price Samford - Jimmy Tillette UNC-Greensboro - Mike Dement Western Carolina - Larry Hunter Wofford - Mike Young 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southern Conference
Southland Conference Central Arkansas - Rand Chappell Lamar - Steve Roccaforte McNeese State - Dave Simmons Nicholls State - J. P. Piper Northwestern State - Mike McConathy Sam Houston State - Bob Marlin Southeastern Louisiana - Jim Yarbrough Stephen F. Austin - Danny Kaspar Texas A&M-Corpus Christi - Perry Clark Texas-Arlington - Scott Cross Texas-San Antonio - Brooks Thompson Texas State - Doug Davalos 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southland Conference
Southwestern Athletic Conference Alabama A&M - L. Vann Pettaway Alabama State - Lewis Jackson Alcorn State - Samuel West Arkansas-Pine Bluff - George Ivory Grambling State - Larry Wright Jackson State - Tevester Anderson Mississippi Valley State - Sean Woods Prairie View A&M - Byron Rimm II Southern - Rob Spivery Texas Southern - Tony Harvey 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southwestern Athletic Conference
The Summit League Centenary - Greg Gary IPFW - Dane Fife IUPUI - Ron Hunter North Dakota State - Saul Phillips Oakland - Greg Kampe Oral Roberts - Scott Sutton South Dakota State - Scott Nagy Southern Utah - Roger Reid UMKC - Matt Brown Western Illinois - Derek Thomas 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! The Summit League
Sun Belt Conference Arkansas-Little Rock - Steve Shields Arkansas State - Dickey Nutt Denver - Joe Scott Florida Atlantic - Mike Jarvis Florida International - Sergio Rouco Louisiana-Lafayette - Robert Lee Louisiana-Monroe - Orlando Early Middle Tennessee - Kermit Davis New Orleans - Joe Pasternack North Texas - Johnny Jones South Alabama - Ronnie Arrow Troy - Don Maestri Western Kentucky - Ken McDonald 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Sun Belt Conference
West Coast Conference Gonzaga - Mark Few Loyola Marymount - Rodney Tention Pepperdine - Vance Walberg Portland - Eric Reveno Saint Mary's - Randy Bennett San Diego - Bill Grier San Francisco - Rex Walters Santa Clara - Kerry Keating 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! West Coast Conference
Western Athletic Conference Boise State - Greg Graham Fresno State - Steve Cleveland Hawai?i - Bob Nash Idaho - Don Verlin Louisiana Tech - Kerry Rupp Nevada - Mark Fox New Mexico State - Marvin Menzies San Jose State - George Nessman Utah State - Stew Morrill 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Western Athletic Conference
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