Oklahoma City, Oklahoma From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
City of Oklahoma City Flag Seal Nickname(s): OKC Location in Oklahoma County and the state of Oklahoma. Coordinates: 35°28′56.28″N 97°32′6.72″W / 35.4823, -97.5352 Country United States State Oklahoma Counties Canadian, Cleveland, Oklahoma, Pottawatomie Government - Type Mayor-Council - Mayor Mick Cornett (R) - City Manager Jim Couch Area - City 621.2 sq mi (1,608.8 km²) - Land 607.0 sq mi (1,572.1 km²) - Water 14.2 sq mi (36.7 km²) Elevation 1,201 ft (396 m) Population (2006) - City 547,274 - Density 871.5/sq mi (336.5/km²) - Metro 1,262,027 Time zone CST (UTC-6) - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5) Area code(s) 405 FIPS code 40-55000 GNIS feature ID 1102140 Website: http://www.okc.gov/ Oklahoma City is the capital of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The county seat of Oklahoma County, the city ranks 31st among United States cities in population.  The city's estimated population as of 2007 was 547,274, with a 2007 estimated population of 1,192,989 in the metropolitan area. In 2007, the Oklahoma City-Shawnee Combined Statistical Area had a population of 1,262,027 residents. Besides Oklahoma County, the sprawling city extends into Canadian, Cleveland, and Pottawatomie counties. It was founded during the Land Run of 1889. In 1995, the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City was bombed by a disaffected U.S. Army veteran. With the Oklahoma City bombing resulting in 168 deaths, Timothy McVeigh caused the most destructive act of domestic terrorism in United States history, and the most destructive act of terrorism on American soil prior to the September 11, 2001 attacks. Contents 1 History 2 Government 2.1 Sister cities 3 Geography 3.1 Climate 4 Demographics 4.1 Metropolitan Statistical Area 5 Economy 6 Neighborhoods 7 Education 7.1 Higher education 7.2 Primary and secondary 7.3 CareerTech 8 Culture 8.1 Museums and theatre 8.2 Outdoor recreation 8.3 Media 8.4 Sports 8.4.1 New Orleans/Oklahoma City Hornets 8.4.2 Oklahoma City Thunder 8.5 Professional teams 9 Transportation 10 Oklahoma City Picture Gallery 11 See also 12 References 13 External links History Main article: History of Oklahoma City Oklahoma City was settled on April 22, 1889, when the area known as the "unassigned lands" was opened for settlement in "The Oklahoma Land Run". Some 10,000 homesteaders settled what is now downtown Oklahoma City and created a tent city in a single day. Within 10 years the population had doubled in what became a permanent settlement and the future state capital of Oklahoma.
By the time Oklahoma was admitted to the Union in 1907, Oklahoma City had surpassed Guthrie, the territorial capital, as the population center and commercial hub of the new state. Soon after, the capital was moved from Guthrie to Oklahoma City. Oklahoma City was a major stop on Route 66 during the early part of the 20th century and was prominently mentioned in Bobby Troup's 1946 jazz classic, "(Get Your Kicks on) Route 66," later made famous by Nat King Cole. Before World War II Oklahoma City developed major stockyards and, with the discovery of oil within the city limits (including under the State Capitol), it became a center of oil production. Post-war growth accompanied Oklahoma City's location as a major interchange on the Interstate Highway System, with the convergence of I-35, I-40 and I-44 in the city. It was also aided by federal development of Tinker Air Force Base. As with many other American cities, center city population declined in the 1970s and 80s as families moved to newer housing in nearby suburbs. Urban Renewal projects in the 1970s removed many older historic structures but failed to spark much additional development. A notable exception was the construction of the Myriad Gardens and Crystal Bridge, a botanical garden and modernistic conservatory in the heart of the city. In 1993, the city passed a massive redevelopment package known as the Metropolitan Area Projects (MAPS), which aimed to rebuild the city's core. The city added a new baseball park; central library; renovations to the civic center, convention center and fairgrounds; and a canal to the Bricktown entertainment district. MAPS has become one of the most aggressive and successful public-private partnerships ever undertaken in the U.S. exceeding $3 billion. As a result of MAPS downtown housing has skyrocketed as well as increased demand for residential amenities, such as grocery and other retail stores. Since the MAPS projects' completion, the downtown area has seen continued development. Several of the downtown buildings are undergoing renovation/restoration projects. Notable among these was the restoration of the Skirvin Hotel in 2007. The famed First National Center is also currently being renovated. The "Core-to-Shore" project was created to relocate I-40 one mile (1.6 km) south and replace it with a boulevard that will create an entrance to the city. This allows the central portion of the city to expand south toward the Oklahoma River, thus connecting the core of the city to the shore of the Oklahoma River. The Murrah Federal Building damage The Oklahoma City Bombing MemorialResidents of Oklahoma City were deeply shocked and suffered substantial losses on April 19, 1995 when Timothy McVeigh set off a bomb in front of the Murrah building. The building was destroyed, more than 100 nearby buildings suffered severe damage, and 168 people were killed. The blast became international news. Local residents rallied together in an effort to contribute however they could, with the attack serving to unite the city as it began a new era of revival. The site is now home to the Oklahoma City National Memorial and Museum. Since its opening in 2000, over 3 million people have visited. Every year on April 19, survivors, friends and family return to the memorial to read the names of every victim lost.  Government Main article: Government of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma OKC's art deco City HallOklahoma City has a council-manager form of government, with an elected mayor and council setting policy and an appointed city manager carrying out the day-to-day operations. The center of Oklahoma City's municipal government is historic City Hall, an art deco-style building situated on the western edge of the central business district in downtown. Mick Cornett serves as Mayor, having first been elected in 2004 and then re-elected in 2006. Eight councilpersons represent each of the eight wards of Oklahoma City. The City Manager is Jim Couch, who was appointed in late 2000. He serves on numerous city boards and agencies, and served as Assistant City Manager/MAPS (Metropolitan Area Projects) Director as well as Water/Wastewater Utilities Director prior to his selection as city manager.  Sister cities Oklahoma City has six sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI): Haikou, China Puebla, Mexico Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Tainan, Taiwan Taipei, Taiwan Ulyanovsk, Russia
Geography According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 621.2 square miles (1,608.8 km²), of which, 607.0 square miles (1,572.1 km²) of it is land and 14.2 square miles (36.7 km²) of it is water. The total area is 2.28% water. Oklahoma City is located in the Frontier Country region of Central Oklahoma, in the Southern Plains of North America; it is on the tallgrass and mixed-grass prairie section of the Great Plains. Most of the area consists of gently rolling hills, covered in places by stands of dense, low trees, along with shrubs and many varieties of prairie grasses and wildflowers. Those woodlands, mostly to the north and east of the metropolitan area, are known as the Cross Timbers. They consist of blackjack oak (Quercus marilandica), post oak (Q. stellata), hickory (Carya spp.), and other plant species which become more widespread in the southeastern forests, about 100 miles (160 km) east of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area. The city is roughly bisected by the North Canadian River (recently renamed the Oklahoma River inside city limits). The North Canadian was once substantial enough to flood every year, wreaking destruction on surrounding areas, including the original Oklahoma City Zoo. In the 1940s the Civilian Conservation Corps built a dam on the river, which reduced its flow for the next 50 years. In the 1990s, as part of the citywide revitalization project known as MAPS, the city built a series of low-water dams, returning water to the portion of the river flowing near downtown. The city also has three large lakes: Lake Hefner and Lake Overholser, in the northwestern quarter of the city; and the largest, Lake Stanley Draper, in the sparsely populated far southeast of the city. Sunset over Lake Hefner in northwest Oklahoma City.Oklahoma City is the seventh largest city in the country in terms of geographic area, and the largest in land area that is not a consolidated city-county. The population density normally reported for the city using area of its city limits can be a bit misleading, as its urbanized zone covers roughly 244 sq mi (630 km2), compared with the rural areas incorporated by the city, which cover the remaining 377 sq mi (980 km2) of the city limits. Oklahoma City is the second largest city in the nation in compliance with the Clean Air Act (after Jacksonville, Florida).
Climate Main article: Climate of Oklahoma City Oklahoma City lies in a temperate, sub-humid climate, with frequent variations in weather daily and seasonally, except during the consistently hot and humid summer months. Consistent winds, usually from the south or south-southeast during the summer, help temper the hotter weather. Consistent northerly winds during the winter can intensify cold periods. The summer can be extremely hot, as was evident in 2006 with a few-weeks span of nearly 110 °F (43 °C) temperatures. The average temperature is 60.0 °F (15.6 °C),  though colder though the winter months, with a 37.0 °F (2.8 °C) average in January,  and warmer during the summer months, with an 82.0 °F (27.8 °C) average in July.  The city receives about 33.3 inches (850 mm) of rain annually and 9.0 inches (230 mm) of snow.  Blizzards occur once or twice some winters, while freezing rain occurs a few times most winters. Prolonged periods of either winter precipitation or sub-freezing weather are limited to less than a week in most cases. Over the year, on average, more precipitation falls than is lost to evapotranspiration, unlike drier places to the west. Due to Oklahoma City's location north of the western edges of the Gulf of Mexico and east of the semi-arid high plains in the Texas and Oklahoma panhandles, relative humidity also alternates between humid and dry airmasses, though humidity is definitely higher than in areas to the west. Oklahoma City has a severe weather season from March through August, especially during April and May. Tornadoes have occurred in every month of the year. Oklahoma City has become one of the most tornado prone cities in the United States.  Since the time weather records have been kept, Oklahoma City has been struck by nine violent tornadoes, eight F4's and one F5. It suffered one of the most powerful tornadoes on record, an F-5 on the Fujita Scale, with wind speeds topping 320 mph (510 km/h). Parts of southern Oklahoma City and nearby communities were devastated by the tornado on May 3, 1999. Further information: 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak [hide]Weather averages for Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) 80 (27) 84 (29) 93 (34) 100 (38) 104 (40) 105 (41) 109 (43) 110 (43) 104 (40) 96 (36) 87 (31) 86 (30) 110 (43) Average high °F (°C) 47 (8) 52 (11) 61 (16) 72 (22) 79 (26) 87 (31) 93 (34) 92 (33) 84 (29) 74 (23) 60 (16) 50 (10) 71 (22) Average low °F (°C) 26 (-3) 30 (-1) 38 (3) 49 (9) 58 (14) 66 (19) 71 (22) 70 (21) 62 (17) 50 (10) 38 (3) 29 (-2) 49 (9) Record low °F (°C) -4 (-20) -3 (-19) 1 (-17) 20 (-7) 32 (0) 47 (8) 53 (12) 51 (11) 36 (2) 16 (-9) 11 (-12) -8 (-22) -8 (-22) Precipitation inches (mm) 1.2 (30.5) 1.5 (38.1) 2.5 (63.5) 2.8 (71.1) 5.7 (144.8) 4.3 (109.2) 2.8 (71.1) 2.6 (66) 3.7 (94) 3 (76.2) 1.8 (45.7) 1.5 (38.1) 33.3 (845.8) Source: weatherbase.com Jul 2008
Demographics Historical populations Census Pop. %± 1890 4,151 — 1900 10,037 141.8% 1910 64,205 539.7% 1920 91,295 42.2% 1930 185,389 103.1% 1940 204,424 10.3% 1950 243,504 19.1% 1960 321,599 32.1% 1970 368,164 14.5% 1980 404,014 9.7% 1990 438,922 8.6% 2000 506,132 15.3% Est. 2007 547,274 8.1%  As of the census of 2000, there were 506,132 people, 204,434 households, and 129,360 families residing in the city. The population density was 321.9/km² (833.8/mi²) with 2,317.4/mi² for an urban area that occupies a small portion within the city's incorporated limits, which cover hundreds of square miles of rural land. There were 228,149 housing units at an average density of 375.9/sq mi (145.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.4% White, 15.4% Black or African American, 3.5% Native American, 3.5% Asian American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.3% from other races based on persons indicating only one race category on Census forms. 5.6% of the population were two or more races. 10.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 204,434 households, 30.8% of which had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. One person households account for 30.7% of all households and 8.8% of all households had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.04. In the 2000 Census Oklahoma City's age composition was 25.5% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males. The 1999 median income for a household in the city was $34,947, and the median income for a family was $42,689. Among full time employed persons, males had median 1999 earnings of $31,589 compared to $24,420 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,098. 16.0% of the population and 12.4% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 23.0% of those under the age of 18 and 9.2% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. In June, 2007, the U.S. Census announced its estimate population of 547,274 and that Oklahoma City had grown 1.4 percent between July, 2006 and July, 2007. Since the official Census in 2000, Oklahoma City has grown 8.1 percent, according to the Census Bureau's estimates.  Metropolitan Statistical Area Main article: Oklahoma City metropolitan area Oklahoma City is the principal city of the eight-county Oklahoma City Metropolitan Statistical Area in Central Oklahoma and is the state's largest urbanized area. Based on population rank, the metropolitan area was the 46th largest in the nation as of the year 2000. Kingfisher Piedmont Guthrie Edmond Chandler
El Reno Yukon Bethany Del City Midwest City Choctaw Shawnee OKLAHOMA CITY Mustang Chickasha Moore Norman; Economy The economy of Oklahoma City, once a regional center of government and energy exploration, has diversified to include the sectors of information technology, services, health services and administration. The city has two Fortune 500 companies: Devon Energy and Chesapeake Energy and several others in the Fortune 1000 and a number of private large companies. Devon Energy revealed plans in August 2008 for a new 925-foot tall, 1.9 million square foot headquarters building in downtown Oklahoma City. Other large employers in Oklahoma City include Tinker Air Force Base, the Federal Government, Dell, AT&T, Boeing, Xerox, United Parcel Service, Cox, Express Services, and the state of Oklahoma. According to the Oklahoma City Chamber of Commerce, the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area's economic output grew by 33 percent between 2001 and 2005 due chiefly to economic diversification. Its gross metropolitan product totaled $43.1 billion in 2005. In 2008 Forbes Magazine named Oklahoma City the most "recession proof city in America". The magazine reports that the city has falling unemployment, one of the strongest housing markets in the country and solid growth in energy, agriculture and manufacturing.  Neighborhoods Main article: Neighborhoods of Oklahoma City A 2008 panoramic view of Downtown Oklahoma City's skyline. Oklahoma City has a wide variety of neighborhoods. Some inner-city neighborhoods are historic and stately whereas others are old and gritty, many undergoing gentrification. Inner-city neighborhoods radiate from those located in downtown and include mostly single-family detached houses with smaller yards. There are a number of apartment dwellings as well, many with a more urban style. Downtown and in the NW Business District sthere are numerous condo and loft developments and several mid- and high-rise options. Outside of the inner city, Oklahoma City has choices between suburban and rural neighborhoods. The suburban varieties tend to have large tracts of single-family detached housing with large yards. The tracts are usually concentrated around a common setting, such as a lake, a school, library, or shopping destination. The suburban neighborhoods also offer a large number of apartment dwellings and not many multi-family ownership offerings. Rural offerings are relatively extensive given the city's geographic expanse; however, most are not within neighborhoods. In the rural areas, most of the land is protected; however, there are occasional ranch or industrial/office properties.  Education  Higher education Oklahoma City University School of Law, Sarkeys Law CenterOklahoma City is home to several colleges and universities, including Oklahoma City University in the Uptown area. OCU (formerly Epworth University) was founded by the United Methodist Church in September 1, 1904 and is renowned for its performing arts, business, law, and athletics programs. It was the first American Institution of Higher Education to offer MBA in Russia with Ulyanovsk State University, Russian-American Faculty; Malaysia; Singapore; India; Germany and the People's Republic of China, Great Wall of China MBA Program. OCU has one of Oklahoma's three law schools. The university hosts many theater, music, and dance events for the community each year, including a Christmas event. The most recent addition to the campus of OCU is the Wanda L. Bass School of Music, which hosts the Oklahoma City University Symphony Orchestra and the OCU Musical Theatre Company. Three of Oklahoma's Miss Americas are graduates of OCU. The University of Oklahoma has centers in the city and metropolitan area, with the OU Medical Center due east of downtown and the main OU campus located in the suburb of Norman. OU is one of only four major universities in the nation to have all six medical schools. The OU Medical Center is the nation's largest independent medical center, employing more than 12,000 people.  Park on the campus of OU Medical Center near downtownOklahoma State University - Oklahoma City is located in the Furniture District on the Westside. Oklahoma City Community College in south OKC is the second-largest community college in the state. The third-largest university in the state, the University of Central Oklahoma, is located just north of the city in the suburb of Edmond. Just east of Oklahoma City is Rose State College located in Midwest City. Northeast of the city is Langston University, the state's historically black college (HBCU), which also has an urban campus in the city. The following is a list of other colleges and universities throughout the city and surrounding suburbs: Oklahoma Baptist University (Shawnee) Oklahoma Baptist University International Graduate School Oklahoma Christian University St. Gregory's University  (Shawnee) Southern Nazarene University (Bethany) Southwestern Christian University Mid-America Christian University University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma (Chickasha) University of Phoenix - Oklahoma City Campuses DeVry University - Oklahoma City Campus Hillsdale Free-Will Baptist College (Moore) Downtown College Consortium  Heartland Baptist Bible College  American Christian College and Seminary Oklahoma Baptist College Metropolitan College. The city is also the location of the FAA's Mike Monroney Aeronautical Center on airport grounds. This facility provides training for the nation's Air Traffic Controllers.
Primary and secondary Oklahoma City Public Schools is the city's largest school district and second-largest in the state. The Oklahoma School of Science and Mathematics in Oklahoma City is home to some of the state's most gifted math and science pupils. Classen School of Advanced Studies is located in the Oklahoma City Public School District, a national Blue Ribbon School. It was recently named the No. 17-school in the nation according to Newsweek . In addition, Belle Isle Enterprise Middle School in OKCPS was named the top middle school in the state according to the Academic Performance Index, and recently received the Blue Ribbon School Award. Advanced Science and Technology Education Center (ASTEC), Inc. is an Oklahoma Charter School(both Middle and High School) that began as a summer camp in 1986 while its founder, Dr. Freda Deskin, was on the faculty of the University of Oklahoma. Either the Oklahoma University or Oklahoma City University had, at various times since its inception, sponsored various aspects of ASTEC’s programs. On April 9, 2000, ASTEC Charter School became the State of Oklahoma’s first start-up charter school. In addition to the Middle / High School, ASTEC offers an After School Programs, Summer Camp, Virtual School (grades 7-12), and Outreach Programs such as rocketry. In last year's first graduating class, 100% of students are now attending a university. There are numerous suburban districts which surround the urban OKCPS district, such as Putnam City Public Schools in suburban northwest Oklahoma City, and Mid-Del Schools , serving the eastern and southeastern parts of the metropolitan area. The city also has very well developed private and parochial schools, including Casady School, Heritage Hall Schools, Providence Hall, and the schools of the Archdiocese of Oklahoma City including Bishop McGuinness High School and Mount Saint Mary High School. Of special note, St. Mary's is the oldest high school in the state, founded in 1903 by the Sisters of Mercy. A civic initiative named "MAPS for Kids" is attempting to remedy the problems of the inner city district. It will provide new schools for the central city and improve their concatchment areas by moving certain schools closer to wealthier neighborhoods. A sort of "reverse white-flight" is the underlying concept of initiative with the old decrepit inner-city schools being renovated or rebuilt and new technology being made available.
An example of this includes John Marshall High School in North Oklahoma City, which in 1968 had 8 National Merit Finalists but saw standardized scores fall in later years. It is being rebuilt on land closer to Lake Hefner. The new John Marshall High School, now under new administration, is complete with facilities and attractions familiar in many suburban districts. The plan is that the school will attract the higher income families and thus improve the Oklahoma City district. "MAPS for Kids" is funded with a voter-approved one-cent sales tax over seven years, which expires in December 2007.  CareerTech Oklahoma City has several public career and technology education schools associated with the Oklahoma Department of Career and Technology Education, the largest of which are Metro Technology Center and Francis Tuttle Technology Center. Private career and technology education schools in Oklahoma City include Oklahoma Technology Institute, Platt College, Vatterott College, and Heritage College.  Culture  Museums and theatre The Oklahoma City Museum of ArtThe Donald W. Reynolds Visual Arts Center is the new downtown home for the Oklahoma City Museum of Art. The museum features visiting exhibits, original selections from its own collection, a theater showing a variety of foreign, independent, and classic films each week, and a restaurant. OKCMOA is also home to the most comprehensive collection of Chihuly glass in the world including the fifty-five foot Eleanor Blake Kirkpatrick Memorial Tower in the Museum's atrium. The newly renovated art deco Civic Center Music Hall has performances from ballet and opera to traveling Broadway shows and concerts. Stage Center for the Performing Arts is home to many of the city's top theater companies. The building that houses Stage Center, designed by John Johansen is a modernist architectural landmark, with the original model displayed in MOMA in New York City. Also in downtown, the Ford Center was ranked by concert industry group Pollstar as one of the top ten live music venues in the world in ticket sales. The Survivor Tree on the grounds of the Oklahoma City National MemorialOther theaters include the Lyric Theatre, Jewel Box Theatre, the Kirkpatrick Auditorium and the 488-seat Petree Recital Hall, at the Oklahoma City University campus. The university also opened the Wanda L Bass School of Music and auditorium in April 2006. The Science Museum Oklahoma (formerly Kirkpatrick Science and Air Space Museum at Omniplex) houses exhibits on science, photography, aviation, and an IMAX theater. The International Photography Hall of Fame (IPHF) exhibits photographs and artifacts from a large collection of cameras and other artifacts preserving the history of photography. IPHF honors those who have made significant contributions to the art and/or science of photography. http://www.iphf.org The National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum has galleries of western art and is home to the Hall of Great Western Performers.
The Oklahoma City National Memorial in the northern part of Oklahoma City's downtown was created and the inscription on its eastern gate says, "to honor the victims, survivors, rescuers, and all who were changed forever on April 19, 1995". The outdoor Symbolic Memorial can be visited 24 hours a day for free, and the adjacent Memorial Museum, located in the former Journal Record building damaged by the bombing, can be entered for a small fee. The site is also home to the National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism, a non partisan, non profit thinktank devoted to the prevention of terrorism.  Outdoor recreation The Myriad Botanical Gardens in downtown OKCOne of the more prominent landmarks downtown is the Crystal Bridge at the Myriad Botanical Gardens, a large downtown urban park. Designed by I. M. Pei, the Crystal Bridge is a tropical conservatory in the area. The park has an amphitheater, known as the Water Stage. In 2007, following a renovation of the stage, Oklahoma Shakespeare in the Park relocated to the Myriad Gardens. There is also a lake in the middle of the park inhabited by large Japanese Koi replete with waterfalls and fountains. The Oklahoma City Zoological Park is home to numerous natural habitats, WPA era architecture and landscaping, and hosts major touring concerts during the summer at its amphitheater. Oklahoma City also has two amusement parks, Frontier City theme park and White Water Bay water park. Frontier City is an 'Old West' themed amusement park. The park also features a recreation of a western gunfight at the 'OK Corral' and many shops that line the "Western" town's main street. Frontier City also hosts a national concert circuit at its amphitheater during the summer. White Water Bay is located north of Will Rogers World Airport. Walking trails line Lake Hefner and Lake Overholser in the northwest part of the city and downtown at the canal and the Oklahoma River. Part of the east shore of Lake Hefner has been developed into upscale offices and restaurants, but the majority of the area around the lake is taken up by parks and trails, including a new leashless dog park and the postwar era Stars and Stripes Park. Lake Stanley Draper is the city's largest and most remote lake. The city is implementing a new trail system that will be akin to a bicycle freeway system. Media See also: Broadcast Media in Oklahoma City The OklahomanThe Oklahoman is Oklahoma City's major metro newspaper and is the most widely circulated in the state. The Oklahoma Gazette is Oklahoma City's independent newsweekly, featuring such staples as local commentary, feature stories, classifieds, restaurant reviews and movie listings. The Journal Record is Oklahoma City's daily business newspaper and Oklahoma City Business is a bi-monthly business publication. The City Sentinel (formerly The Mid-City Advocate) is Oklahoma City's weekly broadsheet, covering positive developments in downtown, the State Capitol district, and the neighborhoods in Oklahoma City's historic core. There are various community and international papers in the city that cator to the ethnic mosaic of the city; such as The Black Chronicle, headquartered in the Eastside, the OK VIETIMES and Oklahoma Chinese Times, located in Asia District, and various Hispanic publications. Campus is the student newspaper at Oklahoma City University. Gay publications include Hard News Online and Standout Magazine. There are also five metro lifestyle magazines produced by local publisher, Southwestern Publishing: Nichols Hills News, Edmond Monthly, Norman Living, Northwest Style and Downtown Monthly. In addition are two magazines published by Back40 Design: The Edmond Outlook and the Shawnee Outlook. Both contain local commentary and human interest pieces provided to over 150,000 Oklahomans. Oklahoma City was home to several pioneers in radio and television broadcasting. Oklahoma City's WKY Radio was the first radio station transmitting west of the Mississippi River and the third radio station in the United States.
WKY received its federal license in 1921 and has continually broadcast under the same call letters since 1922. In 1928 WKY was purchased by E.K. Gaylord's Oklahoma Publishing Company and affiliated with NBC ; in 1949, WKY-TV went on the air and became the first independently-owned television station in the U.S. to broadcast in color.  Sports "The Brick", home of the Oklahoma Redhawks and Big XII Baseball.On July 3, 2008 the city of Seattle settled with the owners of the NBA Seattle SuperSonics franchise, allowing them to move the team to Oklahoma City for the 2008-2009 season. The relocated team was named the Oklahoma City Thunder on September 3, 2008. The move gave the city its second 'permanent' major professional sports team after the AFL Oklahoma Wranglers and third major team overall considering the temporary hosting of the NBA New Orleans/Oklahoma City Hornets. For more information, see Relocation of the Seattle SuperSonics below. Oklahoma City is home to several other professional sports clubs including the Oklahoma RedHawks, a AAA affiliate of the Texas Rangers. Other teams include the Oklahoma City Yard Dawgz of arena football, the Oklahoma City Lightning of the National Women's Football Association, and the Oklahoma City Blazers of the Central Hockey League. Ford Center in downtown is the large multipurpose arena which hosts concerts, NHL exhibition games, and the city's pro sports teams. Starting in the 2008-09 NBA Season the new NBA team became the major tenant. Located nearby in Bricktown, AT&T Bricktown Ballpark is the home to the city's baseball team. The Brick, as it is locally known, is considered one of the finest minor league parks in the nation. There are several other stadiums and arenas in the city, including the arena inside the Cox Convention Center, the State Fair Arena, Taft Stadium, the Don E. Porter Hall of Fame Stadium, and Abe Lemons Arena which is located at Oklahoma City University. Oklahoma City is host to numerous major college and amateur sporting events. The major universities in the area - (University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City University, and Oklahoma State University) - often schedule major basketball games and other sporting events at Ford Center, although most games are played in their campus arenas. The Oklahoma City University Stars has a slate of sporting clubs which play on campus including a top-rated rowing program which has events on the Oklahoma River. Of special note, the university had announced its desire to possibly enter the NCAA during the 2007 athletic season. Oklahoma City is the annual host of the Big 12 Baseball Tournament, the World Cup of Softball, and the annual NCAA Women's College World Series. The city has held the 2005 NCAA Men's Basketball First and Second Round and hosted the Big 12 Men's and Women's Basketball Tournaments in 2007; the city will be the site again in 2009. Other major sporting events include Thoroughbred and Quarterhorse racing circuits at Remington Park and numerous horse shows and equine events that take place at the state fairgrounds each year. There are numerous golf courses and country clubs spread around the city in addition to tennis clubs and highschool level sporting activities.
Ford Center at night New Orleans/Oklahoma City Hornets In the aftermath of the Hurricane Katrina disaster in New Orleans, Louisiana, and surrounding area, the New Orleans Hornets of the National Basketball Association temporarily relocated to the Ford Center, playing the majority of its home games there during the 2005-06 and 2006-07 seasons. The team became the first NBA franchise to play regular-season games in the state of Oklahoma. The team was known as the New Orleans/Oklahoma City Hornets and adopted a split personality of sorts, wearing 'OKC neutral' home jerseys (with an OKC patch of sorts over an H-alternate jersey) and New Orleans jerseys during away games. After relocating permanently to New Orleans for the 2007-2008 season, the Hornets played their final home game in Oklahoma City during the exhibition season on October 9, 2007 against the Houston Rockets, as a way to say thanks for the temporary hosting. The 'hometown Hornets' won the game 94-92.  Oklahoma City Thunder
Main article: Seattle SuperSonics relocation to Oklahoma City On July 2, 2008, upon settlement of a lawsuit with the city of Seattle, the Seattle SuperSonics announced they will begin relocating to Oklahoma City on July 3, and begin playing at Oklahoma City's Ford Center for the 2008-2009 NBA season. The team will leave the franchise history and team name and colors behind in Seattle.