Orlando, Florida From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Orlando" redirects here. For other uses, see Orlando (disambiguation). City of Orlando Flag Seal Nickname(s): The City Beautiful Motto: "Built for Families, Made for Memories" Location in Orange County and the state of Florida U.S. Census Map Coordinates: 28°32′01″N 81°22′6.72″W / 28.53361, -81.3685333 Country United States State Florida County Orange Settled 1875 Government - Mayor Buddy Dyer (D) Area - City 101.0 sq mi (261.5 km²) - Land 93.5 sq mi (242.2 km²) - Water 7.5 sq mi (19.3 km²) Elevation 98 ft (34 m) Population (2007) - City 227,907 - Density 2,180.06/sq mi (842.01/km²) - Metro 2,032,496UNIQ38e96aa918,678e82-ref-00,000,042-QINU 2007 estimates Time zone EST (UTC-5) - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4) Area code(s) 321, 407 FIPS code 12-53000 GNIS feature ID 0288240 Website: www.cityoforlando.net Orlando is a major city in central Florida, USA and is the county seat of Orange County, Florida. It is also the principal city of Greater Orlando. The Orlando-Kissimmee MSA is Florida's third-largest metropolitan area, behind Miami and Tampa. Orlando is also home to the University of Central Florida, which is the second largest university in Florida in student enrollment and has the 6th largest enrollment in the nation. The city is well known for the many tourist attractions in the area, in particular the nearby Walt Disney World Resort, which is located in Lake Buena Vista about 20 miles (32 km) south of Orlando city limits via Interstate 4. Other notable area attractions include SeaWorld and Universal Orlando Resort. The region sees an estimated 52 million tourists a year. Orlando has the second largest number of hotel rooms in the country (after Las Vegas, Nevada), and is one of the busiest American cities for conferences and conventions with the Orange County Convention Center, the country's second largest in square footage.
It is also known for its wide array of golf courses, with numerous courses available for any level of golfer. Despite being several miles away from the main tourist attractions, Downtown Orlando is undergoing major redevelopment with a number of residential and commercial towers. The city symbol is the fountain of Lake Eola and the current mayor is Buddy Dyer.
Contents 1 History 2 Geography 2.1 Topography 2.2 Climate 3 Culture 3.1 Entertainment and performing arts 3.2 Tourism 3.3 Shopping malls 3.4 Museums 3.5 Sports 3.5.1 Orlando Magic 3.5.2 Other sports 3.6 Media 3.6.1 Newspapers 3.6.2 Radio 3.6.3 Television 4 Economy 5 Neighborhoods 6 Metropolitan Statistical Area 6.1 Suburbs 7 Demographics 7.1 Languages 8 Education 8.1 Area institutions of higher education 8.1.1 State university 8.1.2 Community colleges 8.1.3 Private universities, colleges, and others 9 Infrastructure 9.1 Airports 9.2 Roads 9.2.1 Major highways 9.2.2 Rush hours 9.3 Rail 9.4 Buses 9.5 Light rail 9.6 Commuter rail 10 Crime 11 Sister cities 12 Foreign consulates 13 See also 14 References 15 External links
History Lake Lucerne in c. 1905Historians date Orlando's name to around 1837, when a soldier named Orlando Reeves allegedly died in the area during the Second Seminole War. It seems, however, that Orlando Reeves (sometimes Rees) operated a sugar mill and plantation about 30 miles (50 km) to the north at Spring Garden in Volusia County, and pioneer settlers simply found his name carved into a tree and assumed it was a marker for his grave site. They then referred to the area as "Orlando's grave" and later simply Orlando. A memorial beside Lake Eola designates the spot where the city's namesake fell. During the Second Seminole War, the U.S. Army established an outpost at Fort Gatlin, a few miles south of the modern downtown, in 1838. But it was quickly abandoned when the war came to an end. Prior to being known as its current name, Orlando was known as Jernigan, after the first permanent settler, cattleman Aaron Jernigan, who acquired land along Lake Holden by the terms of the Armed Occupation Act of 1842. But most pioneers did not arrive until after the Third Seminole War in the 1850s. Most of the early residents made their living by cattle ranching. Orlando became the county seat of Orange County in 1856. It remained a rural backwater during the Civil War, and suffered greatly during the Union blockade. The Reconstruction Era brought a population explosion, which led to Orlando's incorporation as a town on July 31, 1875, and as a city in 1885. The period from 1875 to 1895 is remembered as Orlando's Golden Era, when it became the hub of Florida's citrus industry. But the Great Freeze in 1894-1895 forced many owners to give up their independent groves, thus consolidating holdings in the hands of a few "citrus barons" who shifted operations south, primarily around Lake Wales in Polk County. The Wyoming Hotel in c. 1905There were a couple of notable homesteaders in the area, including the Curry family. Through their property in east Orlando flowed the Econlockhatchee River, which travelers crossed by fording.
This would be commemorated by the street's name, Curry Ford Road. Also, just south of the airport in the Boggy Creek area was 150 acres (0.61 km2) of property homesteaded in the late 1800s by the Ward family. This property is still owned by the Ward family, and can be seen from flights out of MCO southbound immediately on the south side of SR-417. Orlando, as Florida's largest inland city, became a popular resort during the years between the Spanish-American War and World War I. The city was also host to several SKEET, which serves as the basis for its hospitals today. In the 1920s, Orlando experienced extensive housing development during the Florida Land Boom. Land prices soared. During this period several neighborhoods in downtown were constructed, endowing it with many bungalows. The boom ended when several hurricanes hit Florida in the late 20s and by the Great Depression. During World War II, a number of Army personnel were stationed at the Orlando Army Air Base and nearby Pinecastle Army Air Field. Some of these servicemen stayed in Orlando to settle and raise families. In 1956 the aerospace/defense company Martin Marietta (now Lockheed Martin) established a plant in the city. Orlando AAB and Pinecastle AAF were transferred to the United States Air Force in 1947 when it became a separate service and were redesignated as Air Force Bases (AFB). In 1958, Pinecastle AFB was renamed McCoy Air Force Base after Colonel Michael N.W. McCoy, a former commander of the 320th Bombardment Wing at the installation, killed in the crash of a B-47 Stratojet bomber north of Orlando. In the 1960s, the base subsequently became home to the 306th Bombardment Wing of the Strategic Air Command (SAC), operating B-52 Stratofortress and KC-135 Stratotanker aircraft, in addition to detachment operations by EC-121 and U-2 aircraft. Orlando is close enough to Patrick Air Force Base, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, and Kennedy Space Center for residents to commute to work from the city's suburbs. It also allows easy access to Port Canaveral, an important cruise ship terminal. Because of its proximity to the Space Coast near the Kennedy Space Center, many high-tech companies have shifted to the Orlando area.
Lucerne Circle in c. 1905Perhaps the most critical event for Orlando's economy occurred in 1965 when Walt Disney announced plans to build Walt Disney World. Although Walt had considered the regions of Miami and Tampa for his park, one of the major reasons behind his decision not to locate there was due to hurricanes. Orlando's inland location, although not free from hurricanes, exposed it to less threat than the coast. The famous vacation resort opened in October 1971, ushering in an explosive population and economic growth for the Orlando metropolitan area, which now encompasses Orange, Seminole, Osceola, and Lake counties. As a result, tourism became the centerpiece of the area's economy. Orlando is consistently ranked as one of the top vacation destinations in the world, and now boasts more theme parks and entertainment attractions than anywhere else in the world. Another major factor in Orlando's growth occurred in 1962, when the new Orlando Jetport, the precursor of the present day Orlando International Airport, was built from a portion of the McCoy Air Force Base. By 1970, four major airlines (Delta Air Lines, National Airlines, Eastern Airlines and Southern Airways) were providing scheduled flights. McCoy Air Force Base officially closed in 1975, and most of it is now part of the airport. The airport still retains the former Air Force Base airport code (MCO). In addition to McCoy Air Force Base, Orlando also had a naval presence with the establishment of Naval Training Center Orlando on the former Orlando AFB in 1968. The newest of three Naval Training Centers in the United States providing training to recruits, as well as being a base for selected post basic training programs for enlisted personnel, NTC Orlando also conducted nuclear power training for commissioned officers and the base had a prominent presence in the area. In 1993, the Base Realignment and Closure Commission ordered that NTC Orlando be closed, along with a companion installation, NTC San Diego. NTC Orlando continued in a diminished capacity until the base closed for good in 1999 with the last graduates of the base's Naval Nuclear Power School leaving in December of 1998. The former base has been developed into tracts for upscale housing called Baldwin Park.
Other than Reserve and National Guard activities, the Orlando area's remaining military presence is the Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division/Naval Support Activity Orlando, located just east of the city limits in the Central Florida Research Park. The U.S. Army's Program Executive Office for Simulation, Training and Instrumentation (PEO-STRI), the U.S. Marine Corps' Program Manager for Training Systems (PMTRASYS) and the U.S. Air Force's Agency for Modeling and Simulation are also collocated at that location. Lake Eola in 1911The SunTrust Center, the tallest building in Orlando at 441 ft (134 m), was built in 1988. The next tallest buildings are the Orange County Courthouse (1997, 416 ft (127 m)./127 m), the Bank of America Center (Formerly Barnett Plaza, 1988, 409 ft (125 m)./123 m), Solaire at the Plaza (2006, 359 ft (109 m)./109 m) and the Orlando International Airport ATC Tower (2002, 346 ft (105 m)./105 m). The VUE at Lake Eola, currently under construction, will become the second-tallest building in Orlando upon completion at 426 ft (130 m) tall, but with 35 stories it will have more stories than the SunTrust Center.   The SeaWorld SkyTower, at 400 ft (122 m) tall, is the tallest tower in Orange County outside Orlando proper. There are also several tall transmission towers in Orange County, the tallest of which is the WFTV transmission tower in Christmas at 1,617 ft (491.6 m) tall. In the hurricane season of 2004, Hurricanes Charley, Frances, and Jeanne battered the Orlando area, causing widespread damage and flooding and impeding tourism to the area. Geography Topography Orlando is located at 28°32′1″N, 81°22′33″W (28.533513, -81.375789). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 261.5 km² (101 mi²). 242.2 km² (93.5 mi²) of it is land and 19.3 km² (7.5 mi²) of it (7.39%) is water. Orlando is, on average, 106 feet (32 m) above sea level. Climate Orlando has a warm and humid subtropical climate, and there are two major seasons each year. One of those seasons is hot and rainy, lasting from May until October (roughly coinciding with the Atlantic hurricane season). The other is a cooler season (November through March) that brings more moderate temperatures and less frequent rainfall.
The area's warm and humid climate is caused primarily by its low elevation and its position relatively close to the Tropic of Cancer, and much of its weather is affected by the movement of the Gulf Stream. During the height of Orlando's very humid summer season, temperatures rarely fall below 70 °F (21 °C), and daytime highs average in the 90s (32-37 °C). Although the city rarely records temperatures over 100 °F (38 °C), extreme humidity can push the heat index to over 110 °F (45 °C). The city's highest recorded temperature is 101 °F (39 °C), set July 2, 1998. During these months, strong afternoon thunderstorms occur almost daily. These storms are caused by air masses from the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean colliding over Central Florida. They are highlighted by intense lightning and can also bring heavy rainfall (sometimes several inches per hour) and powerful winds as well as occasional damaging hail. During the winter season, humidity is lower and temperatures are more moderate, and can fluctuate more readily. Average nighttime lows in January are around 50 °F (10 °C), and average daytime highs are about 72 °F (22 °C). Temperatures rarely reach below 32 °F (0 °C), though the city can drop below freezing once or twice a year. Because the winter season is dry and most freezing temperatures occur after cold fronts (and their accompanying precipitation) have passed, Orlando experiences no significant snowfall (no measurable snow has fallen since recording began at the airport in 1948). Very rarely the ingredients come together for flurries to occur, commonly ocean effect snow. The area west of Orlando recorded up to 2" in 1977, and reports of flurries in the Central Florida area include December 23, 1989 and January 24, 2003.  The average annual rainfall in Orlando is 50.1 in. (128 cm), most of it occurring in the period from June to September. The months of December through May are Orlando's driest season. During this period (especially in its later months), there is often a wildfire hazard. During some years, fires have been severe. In 1998, an El Niño condition caused a usually wet January and February, followed by drought throughout the spring and early summer, causing a record wildfire season that created numerous air quality alerts in Orlando. Orlando has a considerable hurricane risk, although it is not as high as it is in South Florida's urban corridor or other coastal regions. Since the city is located 42 miles (68 km) inland from the Atlantic and 77 miles (124 km) inland from the Gulf of Mexico, hurricanes usually weaken before arriving. Storm surges are not a concern since the region is 100 ft (30 m) above sea level. Despite its location, the city does see strong hurricanes.
During the notorious 2004 hurricane season, Orlando was hit by three hurricanes that caused significant damage, with Hurricane Charley the worst of these. The city also experienced widespread damage during Hurricane Donna in 1960. Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) (year) 87 (31) (1991) 90 (32) (1962) 92 (33) (1994) 96 (36) (1968) 100 (38) (1962) 100 (38) (1998) 101 (38) (1998) 100 (38) (1980) 98 (37) (1988) 95 (35) (1986) 89 (32) (1992) 90 (32) (1978) 101 (38) (1998) Average high °F (°C) 72 (22) 73 (22) 77 (25) 83 (28) 88 (31) 91 (32) 92 (33) 92 (33) 89 (31) 84 (28) 77 (25) 73 (22) 83 (28) Average low °F (°C) 50 (10) 51 (10) 55 (12) 61 (16) 67 (19) 71 (21) 73 (22) 73 (22) 72 (22) 65 (18) 56 (13) 51 (10) 62 (16) Record low °F (°C) (year) 19 (-7) (1985) 26 (-3) (1996) 25 (-4) (1980) 38 (4) (1987) 48 (9) (1992) 53 (12) (1984) 64 (18) (1981) 64 (18) (1957) 56 (13) (1956) 43 (6) (1957) 29 (-2) (1950) 20 (-7) (1983) 19 (-7) (1985) Average rainfall in. (cm) 2.1 (5) 3.1 (7) 3.5 (8) 2.6 (6) 3.0 (7) 6.5 (16) 8.1 (20) 7.2 (18) 6.8 (17) 3.9 (9) 1.7 (4) 2.1 (5) 50.6 (128) Record monthly rainfall in. (cm) 6.4 (16) 6.8 (17) 10.5 (26) 6.2 (15) 8.6 (21) 18.3 (46) 19.6 (49) 16.1 (40) 12.2 (30) 14.1 (36) 6.4 (16) 4.7 (11) 68.7 (174) Source: . Temperature color representation based on Weather Underground. Culture Like Florida cities Miami and Tampa, the Orlando metro area has a large and increasing number of Latino residents (close to 400,000 in 2006). Orlando metro area is home to one of the nation's largest and most rapidly growing hispanic communities (particularly its metropolitan area numbering 219,735 in 2006). This is reflected by the abundance of mainly hispanic-themed restaurants and radio stations. Spanish-language music, such as Reggaeton and Salsa, are common on Orlando radio stations. The Orlando Magic basketball team is the only team in the NBA to have a Latin Night, which is geared towards the Hispanic population in the area. The city's local newspaper, The Orlando Sentinel, publishes a weekly all-Spanish newspaper called El Sentinel. The Orlando-Central Florida area is home to the most affluent hispanic families in the United States, followed by Los Angeles and Texas. Many hispanics have relocated to Central Florida, mainly to the Orlando-Kissimmee area. The short air travel distance from Orlando to Puerto Rico, similar climate and job opportunities have attracted Puerto Ricans to choose the Orlando-Kissimmee area. Orlando also has many residents of Cuban descent, largely refugees or their children from the Cuban Revolution. Thousands of people pack the streets of Downtown Orlando for one of Central Florida's largest celebrations of Latino culture each year in October.
Organizers say 100,000 people come each year to the Calle Orange festival. More than 40 artists perform on four stages. There will is also plenty of food highlighting the cuisines of Central and South America, the Caribbean. Orlando metro area has an African-American population numbering 342,166 in 2007 (more than 45,000 are of Afro-Caribbean decent). The city is located within six miles (10 km) of the suburb Eatonville, Florida, the first all-black town to be incorporated in the United States. Since 1990, the number of neighborhoods in Metro Orlando without black homeowners has dropped from 48 percent to 7 percent. In Seminole, the most affluent county in Central Florida, only one of the county's neighborhoods had no black homeowners in 2000. Since 2000, the array of organizations (The Young Professionals, Metropolitan Orlando Urban League, The Circle of Friends, The Social Black Women and The Orlando Minority Professionals Network) for black professionals has expanded as the number of college-educated, middle-class blacks in Metro Orlando grew by 29 percent. Black households making more than $100,000 a year nearly doubled since 1999, according to the latest census figures. A thriving Vietnamese quarter called "Little Vietnam" or "Little Saigon" exists in the Colonialtown district of Orlando. The neighborhood has become a landmark in the city of Orlando and consists of numerous restaurants, groceries, and merchants offering imports from across Asia such as music, videos, collectibles, et al. The heart of the district is the intersection of East Colonial Drive/HWY50 and Mills Ave, also known as the "Vi-Mi" district. The Orlando Vietnamese community has its roots in war refugees seeking a new life in America after the fall of Saigon. Notable pro-democracy activists, such as Thuong Nguyen Cuc Foshee, who was just recently released from prison in Vietnam, call Orlando their home. The Vietnamese Community in Orlando, along with institutions like Long Van Temple, St. Philip Phan Van Minh Church, Vietnamese Baptist Church, and groups such as The Vietnamese Association of Central Florida, strive to maintain their heritage as well as share their culture with the rest of Orlando. Annual events, such as the numerous Tet New Year Celebrations at the Central Florida Fairgrounds and across the city, help spread Vietnamese culture and promote diversity throughout Orlando. Entertainment and performing arts The hip hop music scene, metal scene, rock music scene, Reggaeton and Latino scene, are all active within the city, which is largely home to the Florida Breakbeat movement. Orlando has also been called Hollywood East because of numerous cinematic enterprises in the area.
 The Universal Studios globeUntil recently, Walt Disney Feature Animation operated a studio out of Disney's Hollywood Studios at the Walt Disney World Resort. Feature Animation-Florida was primarily responsible for the films Mulan, Lilo & Stitch, and the early stages of Brother Bear and contributed on various other projects. Universal Studios's Soundstage 21 is home to The TNA Impact Zone, but Nickelodeon Studios, which through the 90s produced hundreds of hours of GAK-filled game shows targeted at children, no longer operates out of Universal Studios Florida. The Florida Film Festival in nearby Maitland is one of the most respected regional film festivals in the country and attracts budding filmmakers from around the world. In addition, the implosion of Orlando's previous City Hall was filmed for the movie Lethal Weapon 3. Orlando's indie film scene has been picking back up since Haxan Film's The Blair Witch Project (1999) and a few years later with Charlize Theron winning her Academy Award for Monster (2003). A Florida state film incentive has also helped increase the amount of films being produced in Orlando and the rest of the state. The Orlando Metropolitan Area is also home to a substantial theatre population. Several professional and semi-professional houses and many community theaters dot the area including Orlando-UCF Shakespeare Festival, Orlando Repertory Theatre (Central Florida's only Professional Theatre for Young Audiences), Orlando Theatre Project, Starlight Dinner Theatre, Mad Cow Theatre, Theatre Downtown, The Osceola Center for the Arts, Winter Park Playhouse, Theatre Winter Haven, IceHouse Theatre, and Seaside Music Theatre. Orlando also hosts the Orlando International Fringe Theater Festival every summer. Disney also a cast theater company known as S.T.A.G.E. as well as Encore, a cast choir and orchestra whose annual charity concerts have raised thousands of dollars. In addition, the Bob Carr Performing Arts Centre brings national tours through town on a regular basis. This venue, built in 1926, will be replaced by the Dr. P. Phillips Orlando Performing Arts Center in 2012. Each spring, local theaters and downtown venues play host to the Orlando International Fringe Festival, which draws touring companies from all around the world as well as readings and fully staged productions of new and unknown plays by local artists. Also in the spring, Darden Restaurants sponsors a Festival of New Plays, hosted by Orlando-UCF Shakespeare Festival. Cinderella Castle at the Magic Kingdom, Walt Disney World Resort
Orlando's Culture Coast consists of Ormond Beach, Daytona Beach and New Smyrna Beach and includes many cultural attractions including the Museum of Arts and Sciences, Atlantic Center for the Arts, Southeast Museum of Photography, Ormond Beach Art Museum, plus numerous galleries and shops located in the quaint downtown districts of Daytona Beach, Ormond Beach and New Smyrna Beach. This area really is like Orlando's cultural district on the beach Tourism See also: List of amusement parks in Greater Orlando and List of Orlando, Florida attractions For tourist information, see Wikitravel:Orlando. The Orlando area is home to a wide variety of tourist attractions, including the Walt Disney World Resort, Universal Orlando Resort, and SeaWorld Orlando. The Walt Disney World resort is the area's largest attraction with its many facets such as the Magic Kingdom, Epcot, Disney's Hollywood Studios, Disney's Animal Kingdom, Typhoon Lagoon, Blizzard Beach, and Downtown Disney.
SeaWorld Orlando is a large adventure park that features numerous zoological displays and marine animals alongside an amusement park with roller coasters and water park. Universal Orlando, like Walt Disney World, is a multi-faceted resort comprising Universal Studios Florida, CityWalk, and the Islands of Adventure theme park. Shopping malls Orlando has become one of the fastest growing retail markets in the USA with at least five major upscale department stores opening last year alone and more than 50,000,000 square feet (4,650,000 m2) of shopping space in Central Florida.  The Florida Mall is the largest mall in Orlando, one of the largest single-story malls in the USA at over 1,849,000 sq ft (171,800 m2) with over 250 stores, seven anchor department stores, and the Florida Mall Hotel & Conference Center Tower. The Mall at Millenia is a contemporary two-level upscale shopping mall, including the world-famous department stores of Bloomingdale's, Macy's, and Neiman Marcus. IKEA Orlando opened adjacent to the mall on November 14, 2007. Orlando Fashion Square is the nearest indoor shopping mall to Downtown Orlando. The mall features 4 anchor department stores and a 14-screen Premiere Cinema theater. Festival Bay Mall on International Drive is home to stores, a skate park, and a theater. The Ron Jon Surf Park is currently under construction. Museums The Orlando Museum of Art is Orlando's largest modern art museum. Located in Loch Haven Park, the museum has ongoing exhibitions of American portraits and landscapes, American impressionist works, and art of the ancient Americas. In 2003, the museum hosted the world-renowned full exhibition of the famous glass sculptor, Dale Chihuly.
Orlando Science Center, is a 207,000 square foot (19,000 m²) hands-on learning center with hundreds of interactive exhibits for visitors of all ages. Images surround visitors on the giant screen of the Dr. Phillips CineDome. Other attractions include the Body Zone, teaching health and fitness, as well as an observatory. The center has the largest refracting telescope in Florida. In 2007 the Orlando Science Center hosted the nationally-renowned exhibit "Our Body, The Universe Within" featuring real human corpses. The Morse Museum of American Art, located in nearby Winter Park, houses the world's "most comprehensive" collection of the works of Louis Comfort Tiffany, among its permanent exhibits. It includes Tiffany art glass, jewelry, pottery, and the chapel interior designed for the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. There is also an exhibit on the Tiffany home, and American paintings from the 19th century. The museum was founded in 1942. The Orange County Regional History Center Features exhibits and artifacts from the earliest days of the region to the modern day. Includes information on everything from the time of the Seminole Indians to the founding of the city to the Civil Rights era to the Disney period to today. Mennello Museum of American Art features a variety of American Art exhibits, mostly from the 20th century. The museum is located in Loch Haven Park. Cornell Fine Arts Museum, situated on the campus of Rollins College, located in nearby Winter Park, features significant loans, recent acquisitions, and items from the Cornell's renowned permanent collection. Admission is free. Harry P. Leu Gardens, which is an inner city oasis covering 50 acres (20,000 m²) and features colorful annuals, palms, an orchid house, a floral clock and a butterfly garden. Arboretum of the University of Central Florida is an arboretum and botanical garden located in the heart of the University of Central Florida main campus in East Orlando. The Holocaust Memorial Resource and Education Center of Central Florida is a non-profit museum and education center dedictated to the Holocaust during World War II.
Main article: Orlando Magic, Orlando is home to the Orlando Magic, an NBA pro basketball franchise that plays at Amway Arena in downtown Orlando. Orlando's Amway Arena, opened in 1989. However, it will be replaced around 2010 by the $480-million Orlando Events Center. Other sports The WNBA's Orlando Miracle played four seasons at Amway (1999-2002) before moving north to become the Connecticut Sun. Pro baseball has been played in Orlando since 1919, primarily in the Class A Florida State League, until the Orlando Twins joined the AA Southern League in 1973. Tinker Field, named for baseball hall-of-famer Joe Tinker, is a historic baseball stadium next to the Citrus Bowl, currently out of use. It was formerly the spring training home of the Minnesota Twins (and the Washington Senators before the relocated to Minneapolis) and the AA Southern League affiliates of the Twins, Chicago Cubs and Tampa Bay Devil Rays. In 2000, the Orlando Rays moved from Tinker Field to Cracker Jack Stadium at the Disney's Wide World of Sports Complex. Despite having a beautiful new ballpark (which also serves as spring training home of the Atlanta Braves), the Rays drew poorly at Disney and moved to Montgomery, Alabama for the 2004 season. The stadium has been mostly empty ever since, although it did play host to first-round (Pool D) games in the 2006 World Baseball Classic and a three-game series between the Tampa Bay Devil Rays and the Texas Rangers in 2007. Orlando is currently the largest metropolitan area in the United States without a pro baseball team.
The Citrus Bowl is the home of the Capital One Bowl (formerly the Florida Citrus Bowl) and the Champs Sports Bowl (formerly the Tangerine Bowl). It also hosts regular-season football games for Jones High School, as well as the annual Florida Classic played between the NCAA Division I-AA Football teams from Florida A&M University and Bethune-Cookman University. The University of Central Florida (NCAA Division I-A) played its regular season games at the Citrus Bowl through the 2006 season, until the construction of a new stadium on the UCF campus, Bright House Networks Stadium. UCF plays college sports at the highest level. Professional football in Orlando in goes back to the 1960s, when the Orlando Panthers played in the minor-league Continental Football League. The Panthers won two CPFL titles in 1967 and 1968, but folded with the league after the 1969 season. In 1974, the World Football League was formed, and a franchise originally planned for Boston, then moved to the Washington, D.C. area, wound up in Orlando as the Florida Blazers. Despite playing before sparse crowds at the Citrus Bowl and not getting paid for weeks at a time, the Blazers won their division with a 14-6 record and qualified for the first (and only) WFL championship game, losing to the Birmingham Americans, 22-21. The franchise was relocated to San Antonio for the 1975 season, then quietly expired with the league in October of that year. Since then, Orlando has hosted several pro teams in short-lived leagues. In 1985, the USFL's Washington Federals shifted to the Citrus Bowl and were re-named the Orlando Renegades. Despite a 5-13 record, the Renegades were one of the eight teams that stayed in the USFL for its projected fall season in 1986, but the league folded before any games were played that year. Next came the Orlando Thunder, a charter team in the World League of American Football in 1991 and 1992. They lost the World Bowl to the Sacramento Surge in 1992. Like all of the other the American-based teams, the franchise was dropped in the World League reorganization of 1995. Then came the Orlando Rage, a member of the infamous XFL who, like the other teams, played at the Citrus Bowl.
The Rage had the XFL's best record at 8-2, but were upset in the playoffs, and the XFL folded. (The Orlando Rage name has since been revived in the semi-pro Southern States Football League). The Citrus Bowl was originally slated to host some of the games for the Florida team in the All American Football League beginning in 2008, but Team Florida will play their games in Gainesville, Tampa and Jacksonville instead. The Citrus Bowl also hosted an NFL team -- a fictional one, the Orlando Breakers, who were featured in the last two seasons of the television sitcom Coach. The team was a plot device to reflect the 1995 addition of the Jacksonville Jaguars to the real-life NFL. In arena football, the Orlando Predators have been one of the Arena Football League's flagship franchises since entering the league in 1991. Playing at Amway Arena, the Predators have won seven divisional titles and two Arena Bowls, in 1998 and 2000. In the 1990s, ice hockey became popular in Orlando, perhaps due to large influx of northerners to the city. In the 1993-94 NHL season, the Tampa Bay Lightning played four "home" games at the Orlando Arena, with a 1-2-1 record. The Orlando Solar Bears, of the now-defunct International Hockey League, were formed in 1995 and were very successful, making the playoffs in each of its six seasons and qualifying for Turner Cup Finals twice (losing both times) before finally taking the title in 2001. Unfortunately, that was the IHL's final season, and the Solar Bears folded. In 2002, the Atlantic Coast Hockey League was formed with Orlando hosting one of the charter franchises, the Orlando Seals, which won their Commissioner's Cup in 2003; this made Orlando the only Florida city with two hockey championships. The Seals moved to the World Hockey Association 2 in 2003, then the Southern Professional Hockey League in 2004. The City of Orlando revoked their lease for the present Amway Arena, however, forcing them to sit out the 2004-05 season. They moved to Kissimmee and became the Florida Seals in November 2004. The team resumed play in the 2005-2006 season, playing home games at the Silver Spurs Arena, making it to the President's Cup Finals before losing to Knoxville. Then on January 4, 2007, the Silver Spurs Arena abruptly booted the Seals due to unpaid rent, forcing the franchise to fold. There will be no pro hockey in Orlando in 2007-08. In soccer, the Citrus Bowl hosted games for the FIFA World Cup '94 and the 1996 Summer Olympics. The Orlando Lions were a member of the third incarnation of the American Soccer League in the late 1980s/early 1990s.
The Orlando Sundogs were a minor-league soccer team in the A-League that played in the Citrus Bowl, disbanding after their season in 1997. Presently, the Premier Development League's (PDL) Central Florida Kraze call Orlando home. The Kraze won the PDL Championship in 2004 and have appeared in the playoffs in five of the past six years. Indoors, Orlando gained an expansion franchise in the Major Indoor Soccer League, the Orlando Sharks, who began play in the 2007-08 season. Orlando is also the home to the NBA Pre-Draft camp, the MLB Draft, the MLB Winter Meetings, and the NFL Annual Meeting, and since 2005, the PSP World Cup paintball tournament. The Orlando Citrus Bowl was also home to WWE Wrestlemania XXIV in 2008. Media Newspapers Orlando Sentinel Orlando Business Journal Orlando Weekly West Orlando News Radio Radio stations in the Orlando market (Arbitron #34) (R&R info) By FM frequency 87.7¹ · 88.3 · 89.1 · 89.9 · 90.7 · 91.5 · 92.3 · 94.5 · 95.3 · 96.5 · 97.5 · 98.1 · 98.9 · 100.3 · 101.1 · 101.9 · 103.1 · 104.1 · 105.1 · 105.9 · 106.7 · 107.7 By AM frequency 540 · 580 · 640 · 660 · 740 · 790 · 810 · 950/1520 · 990 · 1030 · 1060 · 1080 · 1140 · 1160 · 1190 · 1240 · 1270 · 1340 · 1410 · 1440/1220/1400 · 1480 · 1580 · 1600 · 1680 By callsign WAMT · WCFB · WDBO · WDYZ · WEUS · WFLF · WHOO · WHTQ · WIWA · WIXC · WJHM · WJRR · WKIQ · WKMG¹ · WLAA · WLAZ · WLBE · WLOQ · WMFE-FM · WMGF · WMMO · WNTF · WNUE · WOCL · WOKB · WOMX · WONQ · WORL · WQBQ · WPCV · WPOZ · WPRD/WOTS/WSDO · WPRK · WPYO · WQTM · WRLZ · WRMQ · WRUM · WTKS · WTLN/WHIM · WUCF · WUNA · WVLG · WWFL · WWKA · WXXL Defunct WRAP 833 AM ¹Audio for TV channel 6 (WKMG/CBS)
Satellite Radio Local Traffic/Weather: XM Channel 229 · Sirius Channel 158 Florida Radio Markets: Daytona Beach • Fort Myers-Naples-Marco Island • Ft. Pierce-Stuart-Vero Beach • Ft. Walton Beach • Gainesville-Ocala • Jacksonville • Lakeland-Winter Haven • Melbourne-Titusville-Cocoa • Miami-Ft. Lauderdale • Orlando • Panama City • Pensacola • Sarasota-Bradenton • Sebring • Tallahassee • Tampa-St.Petersburg-Clearwater • West Palm Beach-Boca Raton Other Florida Radio Regions: The Florida Keys • Lake City See also: List of radio stations in Florida Television Broadcast television in the Orlando / Daytona Beach / Melbourne market (Nielsen DMA #19) WESH 2 (NBC) - WKMG 6 (CBS, .2 Net Coming Mid-08) - WFTV 9 (ABC) - WCEU 15 (PBS) - WKCF 18 (The CW) - W21AU 21 (AZA) - WMFE 24 (PBS) - WVEN 26 (UNI) - WRDQ 27 (Ind) - WRCF 29 (A1) - WTMO 31 (TEL) - WOFL 35 (Fox) - WZXZ 36 (Unknown) - WOTF 43 (TFU) - WTGL 45 (TLN / Faith TV) - WHLV 52 (TBN) - WOPX 56 (ION) - WRBW 65 (MNTV) - WBCC 68 (PBS) Local digital television channels WACX 40 (Ind/Rel) Stations serving Ocala, part of the Orlando market Ocala: W07BP 7 (Edu.) - WOFT-LP 8 (Ind) - WOGX 51 (Fox) Gainesville: WUFT 5 (PBS) - WCJB 20 (ABC) (The CW on DT2) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Local cable television channels BPS-TV (PBS, Brevard Co.) - Central Florida News 13 - SGTV (Seminole Co.) Florida Broadcast television markets: Ft. Myers/Naples • Gainesville • Jacksonville • Miami • Orlando • Panama City • Pensacola/Mobile, AL • Tallahassee • Tampa Bay • West Palm Beach Economy
See also: List of Florida companies and List of notable companies in Orlando, Florida Statue of Walt DisneyA large part of the Orlando area economy is involved in the tourist industry. Over 48 million visitors came to the Orlando region in 2004. The convention industry is also critical to the region's economy. The Orange County Convention Center, expanded in 2004 to over two million square feet (200,000 m²) of exhibition space, is now the second-largest convention complex in terms of space in the United States, trailing only McCormick Place in Chicago. The city vies with Chicago and Las Vegas for hosting the most convention attendees in the United States. Lockheed-Martin has a large manufacturing facility for missile systems, aeronautical craft and related high tech research. Other notable engineering firms have offices or labs in the Central Florida area: KDF, General Dynamics, Harris, Westinghouse, Siemens, Veritas/Seagate, multiple USAF facilities, Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division (NAWCTSD), Delta Connection Academy, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, GE, Air Force Agency for Modeling and Simulation (AFAMS), Army Simulation Training and Instrumentation Command (STRICOM), AT&T, Boeing, CAE Systems Flight & Simulation Training, HP, Institute for Simulation and Training, Northrop Grumman, Raytheon Systems. The Naval Training Center until a few years ago was one of the two places where nuclear engineers were trained for the US Navy. Now the land has been converted into the Baldwin Park development. Another developing sector is the film, television, and electronic gaming industries, aided by the presence of Universal Studios, Disney's Hollywood Studios, Full Sail School, the Florida Interactive Entertainment Academy, and other entertainment companies and schools. Numerous office complexes for large corporations have popped up along the Interstate 4 corridor north of Orlando, especially in Maitland, Lake Mary and Heathrow. The U.S. modeling, simulation, and training (MS&T) industry is centered around the Orlando region as well, with a particularly strong presence in the Central Florida Research Park adjacent to UCF. Orlando is the home base of Darden Restaurants, the parent company of Red Lobster and Olive Garden and the largest operator of restaurants in the world by revenue. They are building a new world headquarters and central distribution facility on John Young Parkway. Nearby Maitland is the home of Tiburon, a division of the video game company Electronic Arts. Originally Tiburon Entertainment, it was acquired by EA in 1998 after years of partnership, particularly in the famous Madden NFL series and NCAA Football series of video games. Orlando has two non-profit hospital systems: Orlando Health and Florida Hospital. Orlando Health's Orlando Regional Medical Center is home to Central Florida's only Level I trauma center, and the adjacent Winnie Palmer Hospital for Women and Babies has the area's only Level 3 neonatal intensive care unit. Florida Hospital's main campus is ranked as one of the best hospitals in the nation, and has a renowned brain attack facility.
Orlando's medical leadership will be further advanced with the completion of UCF's College of Medicine and a new VA Hospital, both of which will be located in a new medical district in the Lake Nona area of the city.  There is a very low unemployment rate in Greater Orlando, 3.1% as of March 2007. The result is growth that has led to urban sprawl in the surrounding area and, in combination with the 2007 Subprime mortgage financial crisis, to the rising cost of home prices. Housing prices in Greater Orlando went up 34% in one year, from an average of $182,000 in August 2004 to $245,000 in August 2005, and eventually to a record $255,000 in February 2007. They are tapering off, however, down to $211,000 in April 2008. Neighborhoods House in the Lake Eola Heights Historic DistrictOrlando has many neighborhoods  within city limits: 33rd St Industrial Airport North Audubon Park Azalea Park Bal Bay Baldwin Park Bel Air Beltway Commerce Center Boggy Creek Bryn Mawr Callahan Camellia Gardens Carver Shores Catalina Central Business District City of Orlando/GOAA Clear Lake College Park Colonial Town Center Colonialtown North Colonialtown South Conway Countryside Coytown Crescent Park Delaney Park Dixie Belle Dover Estates Dover Manor Dover Shores East Dover Shores West Eagles Nest East Central Park East Park Engelwood Park Florida Center Florida Center North Haralson Estates Hibiscus Holden Heights Holden/Parramore Johnson Village Kirkman North Kirkman South Lake Cherokee Lake Como Lake Copeland Lake Davis/Greenwood Lake Dot Lake Eola Heights Lake Fairview Lake Formosa Lake Fredrica Lake Mann Estates Lake Holden Lake Mann Gardens Lake Nona Central Lake Nona Estates Lake Nona South Lake Richmond Lake Shore Village Lake Sunset Lake Terrace Lake Underhill Lake Weldona Lancaster Park LaVina Lawsona/Fern Creek Lorna Doone Malibu Groves Mariners Village Mercy Drive Metro West Millenia Monterey Narcoossee Groves New Malibu North Orange Northlake Park at Lake Nona Narcoossee South Orlando Executive Airport Orlando International Airport Orwin Manor Palomar Park Central Park Lake/Highland Pershing Pineloch Princeton/Silver Star Randall Park Richmond Estates Richmond Heights Rio Grande Park Rock Lake Roosevelt Park Rose Isle Rosemont Rosemont North Rowena Gardens Seaboard Industrial Signal Hill South Division South Eola South Orange South Semoran Southern Oaks Southport Spring Lake The Dovers The Willows Thornton Park Timberleaf Ventura Vista East Wadeview Park Washington Shores Wedgewood Groves West Colonial Westfield Windhover Metropolitan Statistical Area Main article: Greater Orlando Orlando is the hub city of the Orlando-Kissimmee, Florida, Metropolitan Statistical Area, colloquially known as "Greater Orlando" or "Metro Orlando".
The area encompasses four counties (Orange, Osceola, Seminole and Lake), and is currently the 27th-largest metro area in the United States with a 2007 Census-estimated population of 2,032,496. When Combined Statistical Areas were instituted in 2000, Orlando was initially joined together with The Villages, Florida, Micropolitan Statistical Area, to form the Orlando-The Villages, Florida, Combined Statistical Area. In 2006, the metropolitan areas of Deltona (Volusia County) and Palm Coast (Flagler County) were added to create the Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, Florida, Combined Statistical Area.  This new larger CSA carries a total population (as of 2007) of 2,693,552. , and carries three of the 25 fastest-growing counties in the nation--Flagler ranks 1st; Osceola, 17th; and Lake, 23rd. The metro area is one of the fastest-growing areas in the nation, and the surrounding counties, such as Polk, Brevard and Marion, are also seeing high growth rates. Suburbs Northwest: Apopka, Mount Dora, Eustis, Tavares, Leesburg, The Villages North: Eatonville, Maitland, Winter Park, Altamonte Springs, Sanford, Deltona, Longwood, Bunnell, Lake Mary Northeast: Casselberry, Oviedo, Winter Springs, Daytona Beach, New Smyrna Beach, Palm Coast West: Ocoee, Winter Garden, Gotha, Windermere, Clermont, Oakland, Bushnell ORLANDO East: Bithlo, Union Park, Wedgefield, Eastwood, Avalon Park Southwest: Lake Buena Vista, Celebration, Citrus Ridge , Doctor Phillips South: Edgewood, Belle Isle, Kissimmee, Poinciana, Meadow Woods Southeast: Saint Cloud, Harmony, Holopaw, Yeehaw Junction Demographics As of the censusof 2000, there were 185,951 people (2007 estimate counted 227,907 people), 80,883 households, and 42,382 families residing in the city. The population density was 767.9/km² (1,988.9/mi²). There were 188,486 housing units at an average density of 365.4/km² (946.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 61.10% White, 26.70% African American, 1.43% Asian, 0.34% Native American, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 5.41% from other races, and 2.54% from two or more races. 17.79% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Non-Hispanic Whites made up 50.8% of the population.The city has large Puerto Rican, Colombian, Venezuelan, Vietnamese, Haitian, and Russian communities (among others), as well as a growing number of British (mostly English) residents. There were 80,883 households out of which 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.4% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.6% were non-families.
35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.97. In the city the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 37.3% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $35,732, and the median income for a family was $40,648. Males had a median income of $30,866 versus $25,267 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,216. About 13.3% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.0% of those under age 18 and 12.6% of those age 65 or over. Orlando is also home to one of the nation's highest population percentage of LGBT people. According to a study by UCLA, 7.7% of Orlando's population is gay, lesbian, or bisexual and with 5.7% of the entire metropolitan population, it ranks 9th in the nation. Languages As of 2000, 75.43% of all residents spoke English as their first language, while 16.60% spoke Spanish, 1.93% spoke Haitian Creole, 1.33% spoke French, and 0.99% of the population spoke Portuguese as their mother language. Education Public primary and secondary education is handled by Orange County Public Schools. Some of the larger private schools include The First Academy, Trinity Preparatory School, Lake Highland Preparatory School, and Bishop Moore High School. Area institutions of higher education State university University of Central Florida Community colleges Valencia Community College Seminole Community College (in Sanford , Oviedo, and Altamonte Springs) Private universities, colleges, and others Rollins College (in Winter Park) Asbury Theological Seminary, Orlando (Dunnam) Campus Barry University School of Law DeVry University, Orlando campus Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Florida A&M University's School of Law Florida Institute of Technology, Orlando campus Florida Metropolitan University, Orlando campus Full Sail University (in Winter Park) Hindu University of America Herzing College, Winter Park, Florida International Academy of Design & Technology-Orlando Nova Southeastern University, Orlando campus Reformed Theological Seminary, Orlando campus Strayer University University of Florida's College of Pharmacy (in Apopka, Florida) University of Phoenix, Orlando campus Webster University, Metropolitan Orlando Campus Infrastructure Airports The Orlando International Airport (MCO) is Orlando's primary airport, currently ranked as the busiest airport in the State of Florida.
The airport was ranked by passengers as the #1 airport in the nation according to J.D. Power & Associates. The airport features 2 terminals with radiating air-side terminals, flyers are transported via elevated trams. The airport also houses an on-site Hyatt Regency hotel. The Orlando Sanford International Airport (SFB) located in Sanford, FL (far northern suburb) serves as a secondary airport, mainly for European discount carriers. The Orlando Executive Airport located near Downtown Orlando serves primarily executive jets, flight training schools, and general small-aircraft aviation. Roads Major highways Interstate 4 is Orlando's primary highway. The interstate begins in Daytona Beach and travels across the mid-section of the state directly through Orlando ending in Tampa. As a key connector to Orlando's suburbs, downtown, area attractions, and both coasts; I-4 commonly experiences heavy traffic and congestion. East-West Expressway (Toll 408) is a major highway managed by the Orlando-Orange County Expressway Authority. The highway intersects with I-4 in Downtown Orlando providing a key artery for residents commuting from eastern and western suburbs including the University of Central Florida area. The highway also intersects with the Central Florida Greeneway (Toll 417) and the Florida's Turnpike. The I-4/408 interchange is currently undergoing a major construction project that will create multiple fly-over bridges and connectors to ease heavy traffic flows. In addition, lane expansions, new toll plazas, and sound barriers are being added throughout the highway. Beachline Expressway (Toll 528) provides key access to the Orlando International Airport and serves as a gateway to the Atlantic coast, specifically Cocoa Beach and Cape Canaveral. Central Florida Greeneway (Toll 417) is a key highway for East Orlando, the highway is also managed by the Orlando-Orange County Expressway Authority and serves as Orlando's eastern beltway. The highway intersects with the East-West Expressway (Toll 408), the Beachline Expressway (Toll 528), and begins and ends on Interstate 4. The highway is often praised for its green scenery and generally light traffic, however, recently the highway has seen a rapid rise in drivers during rush hours. Florida's Turnpike is a major highway that connects northern Florida with Orlando and Miami. It is the gateway to Miami. Daniel Webster Western Beltway (Toll 429) serves as Orlando's western beltway. The highway serves as a new "back entrance" to Walt Disney World from Orlando's northwestern suburbs including Apopka. Rush hours Orlando currently ranks 8th in the nation for traffic congestion, surpassing Miami and other major cities. According to a recent national study by the Texas Transportation Institute; the average Orlando Resident spends about 54 hours per year stuck in traffic. Heavy traffic is unpredictable, however, rush hours (peak traffic hours) are usually weekday mornings (after 7am) and afternoons (after 4pm).
There are various traffic advisory resources available for commuters including dialing 511 5-1-1 (a free automated traffic advisory system provided by the Florida Department of Transportation, available by cellphone or landline by dialing 511), visiting the Florida 511 Web site, listening to traffic reports on major radio stations, and reading electronic traffic advisory displays (also called Dynamic Message Signs, information is also provided by FDOT) on the major highways and roadways. Rail The Orlando area is served by one through railroad, CSX Transportation's A line (formerly the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad's main line), and some spurs, mostly operated by the Florida Central Railroad. Amtrak passenger service runs along the CSX A line. See also a map of these railroads. In 2005 Federal and state funding was granted for the establishment of the Central Florida Commuter Rail service to operate on the CSX A line tracks between DeLand and Poinciana, passing through the downtown area and surrounding urban neighborhoods along the way. The service is expected to substantially reduce traffic congestion along the I-4 corridor, especially between downtown Orlando and the suburban communities in Seminole and Volusia Counties. The Federal and state funds would cover approximately 80% of the estimated $400 million cost for track modifications and construction of stations along the route. Pending approval by the county governments (Volusia, Seminole, Orange and Osceola) involved and the set aside of matching funds, the line is projected to begin operations in 2009. The following major railroad stations have existed in Orlando: Amtrak Orlando station (originally built by ACL to replace Church Street Station, the only one still in use) Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Orlando station (now Church Street Station, a tourist attraction) Seaboard Air Line Railroad Orlando station (Central Avenue Station) Buses Orlando is served by LYNX, offering local transit service which covers the five-county area (Osceola-Orange-Seminole-Lake-Volusia).  Schedules can be found at: LYNX Official Website. Additionally Greyhound Lines offers intercity bus service from Orlando to multiple locations across the country. The Orlando Greyhound Station is located west of Downtown Orlando. Light rail The neutrality of this section is disputed. Please see the discussion on the talk page. (July 2008) Please do not remove this message until the dispute is resolved. This section may contain original research or unverified claims. Please help Wikipedia by adding references. See the talk page for details.(July 2008) Several attempts have been made to bring a light rail system to Orlando, but each one has met with failure due to a perceived lack of public interest and various conflicts over a potential route.  Another attempted route was a rail going between Tampa, Orlando, and Miami.
Many residents who have lived in Orlando for many years believe that a light rail system should be added to the city's growing economy to help cure the metropolitan area's difficult traffic problems. However several residents who move to the Central Florida area from other communities (specifically larger metropolitan cities) find it too industrializing for the city whose "quiet charm" would like to remain established. This creates a conflict between new residents and those who have been born and raised in the Orlando metropolitan area and other Central Florida cities. Commuter rail A commuter rail system, Central Florida Commuter Rail, is in active planning with a planned opening in 2009 along current CSX lines between DeLand and Poinciana, going through Downtown Orlando with stations at the LYNX Central Station and Church Street Station. Crime In 2006, based on the Department of Justice's FBI Criminal Justice Information Services Division, Orlando reported 4,300 violent crimes including 49 murders, a record number since 36 in 1982. Crime in Orlando has been up 329% since 2006. Based on the Morgan Quitno Press "Safest and Most Dangerous Cities of 2007" rankings, Orlando ranks #11 nationally. Crime is being attacked by Orlando authorities with the installation of security cameras in Orlando. Traffic lights are merged with cameras cabable of detecting out of ordinary activity. Once a smart camera detects this activity it will zoom in on people of interest in an effort to identify them. It can also zoom in on a license plate. Sister cities See also: List of sister cities in Florida Orlando has thirteen sister cities: Anaheim, California, United States Valladolid, Spain Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil Guilin, People's Republic of China Monterrey, Mexico Orenburg, Russia Reykjanesbær, Iceland Marne La Vallée, France Tainan, Taiwan Urayasu, Japan Kiryat Motzkin, Israel Newport, Rhode Island, United States Hyderabad, India Marne La Vallée, Anaheim, and Urayasu are connected to Orlando as homes of other Disney theme parks (Disneyland Resort Paris, Disneyland Resort, and Tokyo Disneyland, respectively). Foreign consulates Given Orlando's status as a busy international tourist destination, a handful of foreign governments have opened up consulates in Orlando: France Haiti Mexico Netherlands United Kingdom Portugal Iceland See also List of famous people from Orlando, Florida Mayors of Orlando Downtown Orlando References "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas:April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007". U.S. Census Bureau (27 March 2008).
Retrieved on 2008-06-21. "Annual Estimates of the population for the Incorporated Places of Florida" (XLS). US Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-08-11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey (2007-10-25). Retrieved on 2008-01-31. About Orlando from the City of Orlando website, accessed June 17, 2008 OCLS - Fast Facts - Tallest Buildings in Orlando Buildings of Orlando / Emporis.com "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau (2005-05-03). Retrieved on 2008-01-31. Distance measured from Orlando City Hall to nearest Atlantic coastline, near Oak Hill, Brevard County, and nearest Gulf coastline, near, Pine Island, Hernando County, using Google Earth's Ruler tool. Passy, Charles (April 2007). "36 Hours in Orlando, Fla." (in English). New York Times. Retrieved on 2007-05-20. “Some cities have Chinatowns. Orlando has Little Vietnam, home to a large Vietnamese population that began arriving in the 1970s. The neighborhood, north of downtown along East Colonial Drive and North Mills Avenue...” "What Happened to Hollywood East?" Southwest Orlando Bulletin, 17 July 2004 Shopping in Orlando - Orlando Villa Guide - The Essential Guide to Florida Vacation Rental Homes and Holiday Villas in Orlando, Florida Bergen, Kathy. Las Vegas and Orlando Bruising Chicago's Trade Show Business. The Chicago Tribune, 11 September 2003 "Lake Nona Is Site Of New VA Hospital", Internet Broadcasting Systems/WKMG-TV (2 March 2007). Retrieved on 2008-07-15. "Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment: March 2007." United States Department of Labor. May 2, 2007. Retrieved on May 24, 2007. "Metropolitan Orlando Housing Trends Summary." Orlando Regional Realtor Association. May 9, 2007. Retrieved on May 24, 2007. City of Orlando Neighborhoods, accessed 28 November 2006 "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007" (XLS). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-07-11. Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses http://www.census.gov/popest/counties/tables/CO-EST2006-01-12.xls http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/cb07-42tbl3.xls MuniNetGuide.com's Orlando Demographic Gary J. Gates Same-sex Couples and the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual Population: New Estimates from the American Community SurveyPDF (2.07 MiB). The Williams Institute on Sexual Orientation Law and Public Policy, UCLA School of Law October, 2006. Retrieved April 8, 2007. Modern Language Association Data Center Results of Orlando, FL LYNX Central Florida Regional Transportation Authority Orlando, Orange County Resurrect Light Rail Idea - Travel News Story - WESH Orlando News & Events - CFRail.com Quality Time (Central Florida Commuter Rail) - CFRail.com FBI Universal Crime Report for 2006 Sister cities from Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI).
Retrieved on June 6, 2006. External links Find more about Orlando, Florida on Wikipedia's sister projects: Dictionary definitions Textbooks Quotations Source texts Images and media News stories Learning resources City of Orlando Official Website Metro Orlando Economic Development Commission Orlando Regional Chamber of Commerce Central Florida Memory is a unique digital collection where visitors can discover the history of Orlando and surrounding areas of Central Florida. Orlando travel guide from Wikitravel Orlando, Florida is at coordinates 28°32′01″N 81°22′33″W / 28.533513, -81.375789 (Orlando, Florida)Coordinates: 28°32′01″N 81°22′33″W / 28.533513, -81.375789 (Orlando, Florida) Municipalities and communities of Orange County, Florida County seat: Orlando Cities Apopka | Bay Lake | Belle Isle | Edgewood | Lake Buena Vista | Maitland | Ocoee | Orlando | Winter Garden | Winter Park Towns Eatonville | Oakland | Windermere CDPs Azalea Park | Bay Hill | Bithlo | Christmas | Citrus Ridge | Conway | Doctor Phillips | Fairview Shores | Goldenrod | Gotha | Holden Heights | Hunters Creek | Lake Butler | Lake Hart | Lockhart | Meadow Woods | Oak Ridge | Orlo Vista | Paradise Heights | Pine Castle | Pine Hills | Sky Lake | South Apopka | Southchase | Taft | Tangelo Park | Tangerine | Tildenville | Union Park | Wedgefield | Williamsburg | Zellwood Communities Plymouth | Reedy Creek Improvement District | University Park | Vineland | State of Florida Tallahassee (capital) Topics Education | Environment | Floridians | Geography | Government | History | State Parks | Transportation | Visitor Attractions Regions Big Bend | Central Florida | Emerald Coast | First Coast | Florida Heartland | Florida Keys | Florida Panhandle | Forgotten Coast | Gold Coast | Nature Coast | North Central Florida | South Florida | Southwest Florida | Space Coast | Sun Coast | Tampa Bay Area | Treasure Coast Largest cities Jacksonville | Miami | Tampa | St. Petersburg | Orlando | Hialeah | Fort Lauderdale | Tallahassee | Cape Coral | Pembroke Pines | Hollywood | Port St. Lucie | Coral Springs | Gainesville | Miramar | Clearwater | Pompano Beach | Miami Gardens | West Palm Beach | Palm Bay | Sunrise | Lakeland | Miami Beach | Boca Raton | Plantation Counties Alachua | Baker | Bay | Bradford | Brevard | Broward | Calhoun | Charlotte | Citrus | Clay | Collier | Columbia | DeSoto | Dixie | Duval | Escambia | Flagler | Franklin | Gadsden | Gilchrist | Glades | Gulf | Hamilton | Hardee | Hendry | Hernando | Highlands | Hillsborough | Holmes | Indian River | Jackson | Jefferson | Lafayette | Lake | Lee | Leon | Levy | Liberty | Madison | Manatee | Marion | Martin | Miami‑Dade | Monroe | Nassau | Okaloosa | Okeechobee | Orange | Osceola | Palm Beach | Pasco | Pinellas | Polk | Putnam | Santa Rosa | Sarasota | Seminole | St. Johns | St. Lucie | Sumter | Suwannee | Taylor | Union | Volusia | Wakulla | Walton | Washington
Largest urban areas (rank) in the United States by population New York-Newark • Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana • Chicago • Philadelphia • Miami • Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington • Boston • Washington • Detroit • Houston • Atlanta • San Francisco-Oakland • Phoenix • Seattle • San Diego • Minneapolis-Saint Paul • St. Louis • Baltimore • Tampa-St. Petersburg • Denver • Cleveland • Pittsburgh • Portland • San Jose • Riverside-San Bernardino • Cincinnati • Norfolk-Virginia Beach • Sacramento • Kansas City • San Antonio • Las Vegas • Milwaukee • Indianapolis • Providence • Orlando • Columbus • New Orleans • Buffalo • Memphis • Austin • Bridgeport-Stamford • Salt Lake City • Jacksonville • Louisville • Hartford • Richmond • Charlotte • Nashville • Oklahoma City • Tucson
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