Sacramento, California From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Sacramento" redirects here. For other uses, see Sacramento (disambiguation). City of Sacramento Flag Nickname(s): River City, Sac, Sac-Town, Almond Capital of the World, Big Tomato, Camellia City, City of Trees, Sacto, Sacratomato Location of Sacramento in Sacramento County, California Coordinates: 38°33′20″N 121°28′8″W / 38.55556, -121.46889 Country United States State California County Sacramento Government - Mayor Heather Fargo Area - City 99.2 sq mi (257.0 km²) - Land 97.2 sq mi (251.6 km²) - Water 2.1 sq mi (5.4 km²) Elevation 25 ft (8 m) Population (2008) - City 475,743 (city proper) - Density 4,711/sq mi (1,818/km²) - Metro 2,136,604 Time zone PST (UTC-8) - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7) ZIP code 942xx, 958xx Area code(s) 916 FIPS code 06-64000 GNIS feature ID 1659564 Website: http://www.cityofsacramento.org/ Sacramento is the capital of the U.S. state of California and the county seat of Sacramento County. Located along the Sacramento River and just south of the American River's confluence in California's expansive Central Valley, it is the seventh-largest city in California, with a 2007 estimated population of 475,743. Sacramento is the core cultural and economic center of its four-county metropolitan area (El Dorado, Placer, Sacramento, and Yolo counties) with a combined population of 2,136,604. The Sacramento Metropolitan Area is the largest in the Central Valley, and is the fourth-largest in California, behind the Greater Los Angeles Area, the San Francisco Bay Area, and the San Diego area. Greater Sacramento has been cited as one of the five "most livable" regions in America, and the city was cited by Time magazine as America's most integrated.
 Sacramento became a city due to the efforts of John Sutter, a Swiss immigrant, and James W. Marshall. Sacramento grew faster due to the protection of Sutter's Fort, which was established by Sutter in 1839. During the California Gold Rush, Sacramento was a major distribution point, a commercial and agricultural center, and a terminus for wagon trains, stagecoaches, riverboats, the telegraph, the Pony Express, and the First Transcontinental Railroad. California State University, Sacramento, more commonly known as Sacramento State or Sac State, is the major local university. It is one of the twenty-three campuses of the California State University system. In addition, the University of California, Davis is located in nearby Davis, just west of the capital.
Contents 1 History 1.1 Indigenous culture 1.2 From pioneers to gold fever 1.3 Capital city 1.4 The modern era 2 Geography and climate 2.1 Geography 2.2 Climate 3 City neighborhoods 3.1 Area one (Central/Eastern) 3.2 Area two (Southwestern) 3.3 Area three (Southeastern) 3.4 Area four (North of the American River) 4 Unincorporated neighborhoods 4.1 Antelope 4.2 Arden-Arcade 4.3 Carmichael 4.4 Fair Oaks 4.5 Gold River 4.6 La Riviera 4.7 Orangevale 4.8 Rio Linda/Elverta 4.9 North Highlands 4.10 Vineyard 5 Demographics 6 Politics 7 Education 7.1 Colleges and universities 7.2 Public schools 7.3 Private schools 7.3.1 Catholic schools 7.3.2 Independent schools 7.3.3 Other religious schools 8 Culture and arts 8.1 Theatre Arts 8.2 Visual Arts 8.3 Museums 8.4 Music 8.5 Sports and recreation 8.6 Notable residents 9 Transportation 9.1 Amtrak service 9.2 Other transportation options 10 Sister cities 11 Media 11.1 Television 11.2 Sacramento newspapers 11.3 Magazines 11.4 Radio 12 See also 13 References 14 External links History Main article: History of Sacramento, California Indigenous culture Nisenan (Southern Maidu) and Plains Miwok Indians have lived in the area for perhaps thousands of years. Unlike the settlers who would eventually make Sacramento their home, these Indians left little evidence of their existence. Traditionally, their diet was dominated by acorns taken from the plentiful oak trees in the region, and by fruits, bulbs, seeds, and roots gathered throughout the year.
In either 1799 or 1808, the Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga discovered and named the Sacramento Valley and the Sacramento River after the Spanish term for 'sacrament', specifically, after "the Most Holy Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ", referring to the Roman Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist. From pioneers to gold fever Sacramento in 1849.The pioneer John Sutter arrived from Liestal, Switzerland in the Sacramento area with other settlers in August 1839 and established the trading colony and stockade Sutter's Fort (as New Helvetia or "New Switzerland") in 1840. Sutter's Fort was constructed using labor from local Native American tribes. Sutter received 2,000 fruit trees in 1847, which started the agriculture industry in the Sacramento Valley. In 1848, when gold was discovered by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma (located some 50 miles (80.5 km), northeast of the fort), a large number of gold-seekers came to the area, increasing the population.
John Sutter, Jr. then planned the City of Sacramento, in association with Sam Brannan against the wishes of his father, naming the city after the Sacramento River for commercial reasons. He hired topographical engineer William H. Warner to draft the official layout of the city, which included 26 lettered and 31 numbered streets (today's grid from C St. to Broadway and from Front St. to Alhambra Blvd.). However, a bitterness grew between the elder Sutter and his son as Sacramento became an overnight commercial success (Sutter's Fort, Mill and the town of Sutterville, all founded by John Sutter, Sr., would eventually fail). The part of Sacramento originally laid out by William Warner is situated just east and south of where the American River meets the Sacramento River (though over time it has grown to extend significantly north, south, and east of there). A number of directly adjacent towns, cities or unincorporated county suburbs, such as Fair Oaks, Carmichael, Citrus Heights, Elk Grove, Folsom, Rancho Cordova, Roseville, Rocklin, West Sacramento, Orangevale, and North Highlands extend the greater Sacramento area. The citizens of Sacramento adopted a city charter in 1849, which was recognized by the state legislature in 1850. Sacramento is the oldest incorporated city in California, incorporated on February 27, 1850. During the early 1850s the Sacramento valley was devastated by floods, fires and cholera epidemics. Despite this, because of its position just downstream from the Mother Lode in the Sierra Nevada, the newly founded city grew, quickly reaching a population of 10,000. Capital city California's State Capitol BuildingThe California State Legislature, with the support of Governor John Bigler, moved to Sacramento in 1854. The Capital of California before 1846 was located in Monterey where in 1849 the first Constitutional Convention and state elections were held. In 1849 the State Legislature voted to sit the State Capitol in San Jose. After 1850, when California was ratified as a state, the Capitol was also located in Vallejo, and Benicia before moving to Sacramento. In the 1879 Constitutional Convention, Sacramento was named to be the permanent State Capital. Begun in 1860 to be reminiscent of the United States Capitol in Washington, DC, the Classical Revival style California State Capitol was completed in 1874. In 1861, the legislative session was moved to the Merchants Exchange Building in San Francisco for one session due to massive flooding in Sacramento. The legislative chambers were first occupied in 1869 while construction continued. From 1862-1868, part of the Leland Stanford Mansion was used for the governor's offices during Stanford's tenure as the Governor; and the legislature met in the Sacramento County Courthouse. With its new status and strategic location, Sacramento quickly prospered and became the western end of the Pony Express, and later the First Transcontinental Railroad (which began construction in Sacramento in 1863 and was financed by "The Big Four" – Mark Hopkins, Charles Crocker, Collis P. Huntington, and Leland Stanford) Leland Stanford is known as the man who hammered in the last (golden) spike into the transcontinental railroad and also, the man who founded Stanford University in honor of his fifteen-year old son, who had died.
The Tower Bridge, built in 1935, a popular landmark.In 1850 and again in 1861, Sacramentans were faced with a completely flooded town. After the devastating 1850 flood, Sacramento experienced a cholera epidemic and a flu epidemic, which crippled the town for several years. In 1861, the legend has it that Governor Leland Stanford, who was inaugurated in early January 1861, had to attend his inauguration in a rowboat, which was not too far from his house in town on N street. The flood waters were so bad, the legend says, that when he returned to his house, he had to enter into it through the second floor window. In 1862 Sacramento raised the level of the city by landfill. Thus the previous first floors of buildings became the basements, which were later connected by tunnels under the streets of Old Sacramento. The tunnels became a network of opium dens, which were also mostly filled in. However, it is still possible to view portions of the "Sacramento Underground." The same rivers that earlier brought death and destruction began to provide increasing levels of transportation and commerce. Both the American and especially Sacramento rivers would be key elements in the economic success of the city. In fact, Sacramento effectively controlled commerce on these rivers, and public works projects were funded though taxes levied on goods unloaded from boats and loaded onto rail cars in the historic Sacramento Rail Yards. Sacramento City HallNow both rivers are used extensively for recreation. The American River is a 5-mph (8-km/h) waterway for all power boats (including jet-ski and similar craft) (Source Sacramento County Parks & Recreation) and has become an international attraction for rafters and kayakers. The Sacramento River sees many boaters, who can make day trips to nearby sloughs or continue along the Delta to the Bay Area and San Francisco. The Delta King, a paddlewheel steamboat which for eighteen months lay on the bottom of the San Francisco Bay, was refurbished and now boasts a hotel, a restaurant, and two different theatres for nightlife along the Old Sacramento riverfront. The modern era The city's current charter was adopted by voters in 1920, establishing a city council-and-manager form of government, still used today. As a charter city, Sacramento is exempt from many laws and regulations passed by the state legislature. The city has expanded continuously over the years. The 1964 merger of the City of North Sacramento with Sacramento substantially increased its population, and large annexations of the Natomas area eventually led to significant population growth throughout the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s. Sacramento County (along with a portion of adjacent Placer County) is served by a customer-owned electric utility, the Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD). Sacramento voters approved the creation of SMUD in 1923.
In April, 1946, after 12 years of litigation, a judge ordered Pacific Gas & Electric to transfer title of Sacramento's electric distribution system to SMUD. SMUD today is the sixth-largest public electric utility in the U.S., and has a worldwide reputation for innovative programs and services, including the development of clean fuel resources, such as solar power. The Ziggurat Building in the city of West Sacramento, viewed across the Sacramento River from the western edge of Sacramento West America Bank BuildingThe Sacramento-Yolo Port District was created in 1947, and ground was broken on the Port of Sacramento in 1949. On June 29, 1963, with 5,000 spectators waiting to welcome her, the Motor Vessel Taipei Victory arrived. The port was open for business. The Nationalist Chinese flag ship, freshly painted for the historic event, was loaded with 5,000 tons of bagged rice for Mitsui Trading Co. bound for Okinawa and 1,000 tons of logs for Japan. She was the first ocean-going vessel in Sacramento since the steamship Harpoon in 1934. The Port of Sacramento has been plagued with operating losses in recent years and faces bankruptcy. This severe loss in business is due to the heavy competition from the Port of Stockton, which has a larger facility and a deeper channel. As of 2006, the city of West Sacramento took responsibility for the Port of Sacramento. During the Viet Nam era, the Port of Sacramento was the major terminus in the supply route for all military parts, hardware and other cargo going into Southeast Asia. In 1967, Ronald Reagan became the last Governor of California to live permanently in the city. A new executive mansion, constructed by private funds in a Sacramento suburb for Reagan, remained vacant for nearly forty years and was recently sold by the state. The 1980s and 1990s saw the closure of several local military bases: McClellan Air Force Base, Mather Air Force Base, and Sacramento Army Depot. As a result, the U.S. armed forces have little presence in the city except for recruiting offices. Also, in 1980, there was another flood. The flood's damage affected the Boat Section of Interstate 5. The culmination of a series of storms as well as a faulty valve are believed to have caused this damage. In the early 1990s, Mayor Joe Serna attempted to lure the Los Angeles Raiders football team to Sacramento, selling $50 million in bonds as earnest money. When the deal fell through, the bond proceeds were used to construct several large projects, including expanding the Convention Center and refurbishing of the Memorial Auditorium. Serna renamed a city park for controversial farm labor organizer Cesar Chavez. Through his effort, Sacramento became the first major city in the country to have a paid municipal holiday honoring Chavez. US Bank Tower completed in 2008In spite of major military base closures and the decline of agricultural food processing, Sacramento has continued to experience massive population growth in recent years. Primary sources of population growth are an influx of resident of the San Francisco Bay Area seeking lower housing costs, as well as immigration from Asia, Latin America, and former Soviet republics.
From 1990 to 2000, the city's population grew by 14.7%. The Census Bureau estimates that from 2000 to 2004, the county's population increased by nearly 130,000 residents, to 1,352,445. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, Mayor Heather Fargo made several abortive attempts to provide taxpayer financing of a new sports arena for the Maloof brothers, owners of the Sacramento Kings NBA Basketball franchise. In November 2006, Sacramento voters soundly defeated a proposed sales tax hike to finance this, due in part to competing plans for the new arena and its location. Despite a devolution of state government in recent years, the state of California remains by far Sacramento's largest employer. The City of Sacramento expends considerable effort to keep state agencies from moving outside the city limits. In addition, many federal agencies have offices in Sacramento. The California Supreme Court normally sits in San Francisco. Geography and climate Geography Elevation: 25 feet (8 m) above mean sea level. Latitude: 38° 31' N; Longitude: -121° 30' W The Sacramento River near the old pumping stationAccording to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 99.2 square miles (256.9 km2), 97.2 sq mi (251.7 km2) of which is land and 2.1 sq mi (5.4 km2) water; 2.1% of the area is water. The population in 2000 was 407,018; the 1980 population was 275,741. The city's current estimated population is approximately 454,330. Depth to groundwater is typically about 30 feet (9 m). Much of the land to the west of the city (in Yolo County) is a flood control basin. As a result, the greater metropolitan area sprawls only four miles (6 km) west of downtown (as West Sacramento, California) but 30 miles (50 km) northeast and east, into the Sierra Nevada foothills, and 10 miles (16 km) to the south into valley farmland. The city is located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River, and has a deepwater port connected to the San Francisco Bay by a channel through the Sacramento River Delta. It is the shipping and rail center for the Sacramento Valley, fruit, vegetables, rice, wheat, dairy goods, and beef. Food processing is among the major industries in the area. Climate Sacramento has a Mediterranean climate that is characterized by mild winters and hot, dry summers (Koppen climate classification Csa). The area usually has low humidity. Rain typically falls only between November and March, with the rainy season tapering off almost completely by the end of April. The average temperature throughout the year is 61 °F (16 °C), with the daily average ranging from 46 °F (8 °C) in December and January to 76 °F (24 °C). Average daily high temperatures range from 55 °F (13 °C) in December and January to 93 °F (34 °C) in July and August. Daily low temperatures range from 41 to 61 °F (5 to 16 °C). Sacramento riverfront (as seen from the The Ziggurat)The average year has 73 days with a high over 90 °F (32 °C), with the highest temperature on record being 115 °F (46 °C) on July 25, 2006, and 18 days when the low drops below 32 °F (0 °C), with the coldest day on record being December 11, 1932, at 17 °F (-8 °C). Average yearly precipitation is 19.9 inches (505 mm).
Sacramento receives an average of 58 days of precipitation annually, most of which occur during the winter months. While the month of January receives an average rainfall of 4.2 inches (106 mm) in January, almost no rain falls during the summer months. In February 1992, Sacramento had 16 consecutive days of rain, for an accumulation of 6.41 in (163 mm). A record 7.24 in (184 mm) of rain fell on April 20, 1880. On average, 96 days in the year have fog, mostly in the morning (tule fog), primarily in December and January. The fog can get extremely dense, lowering visibility to less than 100 feet (30 m) and making driving conditions hazardous. The city's record snowfall was recorded on January 4, 1888, at 3.5 inches (9 cm). Snowfall is rare in Sacramento (with an elevation of only 52 feet (16 m) or 16 m above sea level), with a dusting of snow every eight to ten years. In contrast, snow accumulation is an annual occurrence in the foothills located 40 miles (65 km) east of the city. Weather averages for Sacramento, California Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Average high °F (°C) 55 (13) 63 (17) 66 (19) 73 (23) 82 (28) 90 (32) 93 (34) 93 (34) 90 (32) 79 (26) 64 (18) 55 (13) Average low °F (°C) 41 (5) 45 (7) 46 (8) 50 (10) 54 (12) 57 (14) 61 (16) 61 (16) 59 (15) 54 (12) 46 (8) 39 (4) Precipitation inches (mm) 4.18 (106.2) 3.77 (95.8) 3.15 (80) 1.17 (29.7) 0.6 (15.2) 0.18 (4.6) 0.05 (1.3) 0.05 (1.3) 0.37 (9.4) 1 (25.4) 2.59 (65.8) 2.76 (70.1) Source: weather.com 2008-03-01 City neighborhoods The city groups its neighborhoods into four areas: Area one (Central/Eastern) Alkali Flat, Boulevard Park, Campus Commons, Sacramento State, Dos Rios Triangle, Downtown, East Sacramento, Mansion Flats, Marshall School, Midtown, New Era Park, Newton Booth, Old Sacramento, Poverty Ridge, Richards, Richmond Grove, River Park, Sierra Oaks, Southside Park. Area two (Southwestern) Airport, Freeport Manor, Golf Course Terrace, Greenhaven, Curtis Park, Hollywood Park, Land Park, Little Pocket, Mangan Park, Meadowview, Parkway, Pocket, Sacramento City College, South Land Park, Valley Hi / North Laguna, Z'Berg Park Area three (Southeastern) Alhambra Triangle, Avondale, Brentwood, Carleton Tract, College/Glen, Colonial Heights, Colonial Village, Colonial Village North, Curtis Park, Elmhurst, Fairgrounds, Florin-Fruitridge, Industrial Park, Fruitridge Manor, Glen Elder, Granite Regional Park, Lawrence Park, Med Center, North City Farms, Oak Park, Packard Bell, South City Farms, Southeast Village, Tahoe Park, Tahoe Park East, Tahoe Park South, Tallac Village, Woodbine Area four (North of the American River) Natomas (north, south, west), Valley View Acres, Gardenland, Northgate, Woodlake, North Sacramento, Terrace Manor, Hagginwood, Del Paso Heights, Robla, McClellan Heights West, Ben Ali, and Swanston Estates. Unincorporated neighborhoods Antelope Antelope is an unincorporated area located approximately 15 miles (24 km) northeast of downtown Sacramento. Established in the mid-1800s by Chinese immigrants who worked for the railroad, Antelope began as, and remains, a bedroom community. By 1973, Antelope still consisted of little more than a general store and a half-dozen homes. As the surrounding areas grew in the 1980s and 1990s, so did Antelope. By 1993 the residents of the area voted to be recognized as a community by the county and with their own ZIP code (95843) which became effective July 1, 1994.
By the 2000 Census the population had grown to more than 36,000. Arden-Arcade Arden Arcade is a community immediately east of the city of Sacramento and north of the American River that includes a relatively affluent area called Arden Park. People living in Arden-Arcade have a Sacramento postal address. Its population was once listed at over 90,000 people and boasted 42,987 households. However, after the census of 2000, the borders of the community were changed and the population was listed at a revised total of 83,000. It is located only minutes from downtown and offers many shopping and entertainment venues. There are over 2,000 businesses in the area, employing over 40,000 people. Access to outdoor recreation is also nearby because Arden is bordered by the American River Parkway, a 26-mile (42-kilometer) hike and bike trail that follows the American River to Folsom Lake. Golf, swimming and city parks are also close by. A group of citizens has collected sufficient signatures to place an incorporation measure on the ballot, but efforts to allow citizens to vote are being thwarted by the State Local Area Formation Committee (LAFCO) and Sacramento County. These incorporation efforts revived some talk of a long-dormant effort by the city of Sacramento to annex Arden-Arcade, but no official actions were initiated by the City. Carmichael Carmichael is located 10 miles (16 km) northeast of downtown Sacramento and is a historic community that dates back to the early 1900s. It was founded by Dan Carmichael, who was mayor of Sacramento in 1917-1919. Some of the remaining signs of the early Carmichael days are the palm trees along Palm Drive, planted around 1913. The current population is 49,742; there are 20,631 total households, 64% are family households, and the median age is 40. Carmichael is home to the beautiful Ancil Hoffman Park which houses the 77 acre Effie Yeaw Nature Center, a sprawling pristine nature preserve along the banks of the American River. Golf can also be played in the park under the shade of native oaks trees. Fair Oaks Fair Oaks, located 15 miles (24 km) east of downtown Sacramento and, with a population of 28,808, is an affluent, well-established community. It consists of suburban and semi-rural neighborhoods. The area is home to rolling hills and numerous native oaks that add to the area's quality of life. The views of the American River bluffs and nearby Nimbus Hatchery and Folsom Dam add to the distinctive character of Fair Oaks. Fair Oaks’ uniqueness also stems from its existing business core and town center, known as the Fair Oaks Village. The village is home to narrow winding roads, rolling hills, an open-air amphitheatre, and a historic plaza of historic buildings full of unique galleries and shops. The Village has a charming small town atmosphere. The Plaza Park Amphitheatre, located in the Village, is the main site of the Fair Oaks Theatre Festival, one of the many outdoor community theatres in the area. Fair Oaks Village is also the site of the annual Fiesta Days, an event celebrating the residents of Fair Oaks. Gold River Gold River is an affluent suburb 15 miles (24 km) east of downtown Sacramento in Rancho Cordova, an incorporated city in Sacramento County, California. The population was 8,023 at the 2000 census. The Gold River Community Association is the master association for the 25 separate "villages" that make up the community. Each village has its own sub associations as well. La Riviera La Riviera is a suburban community, 10 miles (16 km) east of downtown Sacramento. The population was 10,273 at the 2000 census. La Riviera is a primarily residential neighborhood located between the American River and Highway 50. It's popular place to live for college students attending California State University Sacramento, or Sacramento State. The community is sub-divided by La Riviera Drive into the areas of College Greens and Glenbrook. Orangevale Orangevale is a semi-rural suburb in the northeastern area of the county (north of Fair Oaks, east of Citrus Heights, west of Folsom and south of the Placer County city of Roseville and community of Granite Bay). The population was 26,705 at the 2000 census. Along with horses, the unincorporated area is known for its abundance of concert venues, including The Boardwalk, Club Retro, and VFW. Rio Linda/Elverta Rio Linda, Spanish for "Beautiful River", is a community located north of Sacramento city and is home to over 10,000 people. There are approximately 3,500 households, 77% of which are family households and the median age is 34. This rural working-class community offers an escape from the busy city life. Rio Linda/Elverta has its roots as a small farming community established in the early 1900s. The Gibson Ranch and Cherry Island Golf Course are a couple of the places this area offers for horseback riding and outdoor recreation. There is currently a campaign to incorporate the Rio Linda and Elverta communities to form a single township which would then be governed independently from surrounding areas. North Highlands North Highlands is a community of 44,000 residents that is located approximately 10 miles (16 km) northeast of downtown Sacramento. The community was formally established with the opening of the North Highlands post office in July 1952 and this unincorporated area grew with the development of the McClellan Air Force Base. North Highlands is mostly a middle-class residential housing area with some commercial and industrial regions around the McClellan Air Force Base, now a civilian airport, called McClellan Business Park. Vineyard Vineyard is a new suburban neighborhood in Sacramento County approximately 15 miles (24 km) southeast of downtown Sacramento.
The population was 10,109 at the 2000 census, however, plans have been announced to add as many as 20,000 new homes to Vineyard. This could add as many as 60,000 new people to the area. Along with the houses would come new shopping centers, parks, and schools. However, some have been critical of the expansion and one California State University, Sacramento professor referred to it as "car-oriented sprawl development." However, there are plans to extend some sort of public transportation to Vineyard and to build around the train tracks that go through the town. Demographics Sacramento Population by year 1860 13,785 1870 16,283 1880 21,420 1890 26,386 1900 29,282 1910 44,696 1920 65,908 1930 93,750 1940 105,958 1950 137,572 1960 191,667 1970 254,413 1980 275,741 1990 369,365 2000 407,018 2007 467,343 As of the census of 2000, there are 407,018 people (2004 Est. 454,330), 154,581 households, and 91,202 families residing in the city. The population density is 4,189.2 people per square mile (1,617.4/km²). There are 163,957 housing units at an average density of 1,687.5/sq mi (651.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 48.29% White, 15.47% African American, 1.30% Native American, 16.62% Asian, 0.95% Pacific Islander, 10.96% from other races, and 6.41% from two or more races. 21.61% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. There are 154,581 households out of which 30.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.4% are married couples living together, 15.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 41.0% are non-families. 32.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.2% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.57 and the average family size is 3.35. The Roman Catholic Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament in Cathedral Square, Downtown.In the city the population is spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females there are 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 91.0 males. The median income for a household in the city is $37,049, and the median income for a family is $42,051. Males have a median income of $35,946 versus $31,318 for females. The per capita income for the city is $18,721. 20.0% of the population and 15.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 29.5% of those under the age of 18 and 9.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. Factors such as mild climate, a location at the crossroads of major interstate highways and railroads, and the availability of campsites along the rivers, as well as an outlook of tolerance, attract homeless people. Sacramento is notably diverse racially, ethnically, and by household income, and has a notable lack of inter-racial disharmony. In 2002, Time magazine and the Civil Rights Project of Harvard University identified Sacramento as the most racially/ethnically integrated major city in America. The U.S. Census Bureau also groups Sacramento with other U.S. cities having a "High Diversity" rating of the diversity index. Politics In the state legislature Sacramento is located in the 6th Senate District, represented by Democrat Darrell Steinberg,, and in the 5th, 9th, and 10th Assembly Districts, represented by Republican Roger Niello, Democrat Dave Jones, and Republican Alan Nakanishi respectively. Federally, Sacramento is located in California's 5th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +14  and is represented by Democrat Doris Matsui. Education Colleges and universities Sacramento State north entranceSacramento is home to Sacramento State (California State University, Sacramento), founded as Sacramento State College in 1947. In 2004, enrollment was 22,555 undergraduates and 5,417 graduate students in the university's eight colleges. The university's mascot is the hornet, and the school colors are green and gold. The 300 acre (1.2 km²) campus is located along the American River Parkway a few miles east of downtown. National University of California maintains a campus in the city. A satellite campus of Alliant International University also offers graduate and undergraduate programs of study. Sacramento is home to an unaccredited private institution, University of Sacramento, a Roman Catholic university run by the Legionaries of Christ.
Currently, the university offers course work in graduate programs. Nearby Rocklin, CA is home to William Jessup University, an evangelical Christian college. The University of California has a campus, UC Davis, in nearby Davis and also has a graduate center in downtown Sacramento. The UC Davis Graduate School of Management (GSM) is located in downtown Sacramento on One Capital Mall. Many students, about 400 out of 517, at the UC Davis GSM are working professionals and are completing their MBA part-time. The part-time program is ranked in the top-20 and is well-known for its small class size, world class faculty, and involvement in the business community. UC also maitains the University of California Sacramento Center (UCCS for undergraduate and graduate studies. Similar to the UC's Washington DC program, "Scholar Interns" engage in both academic studies and as well as internships, often with the state government. Also, the UC Davis School of Medicine is located at the UC Davis Medical Center between the neighborhoods of Elmhurst, Tahoe Park, and Oak Park. University of the Pacific, McGeorge School of Law, a top 100 law school according to U.S. News and World Report's annual rankings of U.S. law schools (2006, 2007 & 2008), is located in the Oak Park section of Sacramento. The private University of Southern California has an extension in downtown Sacramento, called the State Capital Center. The campus, taught by main campus professors, Sacramento-based professors, and practitioners in the State Capitol and state agencies, offers Master of Public Administration and Master of Public Health degrees. The Los Rios Community College District consists of several two-year colleges in the Sacramento area – American River College, Cosumnes River College, Sacramento City College, Folsom Lake College, plus a large number of outreach centers for those colleges. Universal Technical Institute (UTI), a nationwide provider of technical education training for students seeking careers as professional automotive, diesel, collision repair, motorcycle and marine technicians has a campus located in Sacramento. Sacramento has a number of private vocational schools as well. In the PBS KVIE building, there is also an extension of San Francisco's Golden Gate University. Public schools Several public school districts serve Sacramento. Sacramento City Unified School District serves most of Sacramento. Other portions are served by the Center Unified School District, Natomas Unified School District, San Juan Unified School District, Twin Rivers Unified School District ( the North Sacramento School District, the Del Paso Heights School District, the Rio Linda Union School District, and the Grant Joint Union High School District merged), Folsom Cordova Unified School District, and Robla School District. The Valley Hi/North Laguna area is served by the Elk Grove Unified School District, despite being in the city limits of Sacramento and not in Elk Grove. Private schools Catholic schools Continuing an educational history that began in the Sacramento region at the time of the Gold Rush, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Sacramento operates 1 diocesan high school within the city and surrounding suburbs, St. Francis High School. Various Roman Catholic religious congregations operate four additional Catholic "private" (i.e., non-diocesan) high schools in the city and suburbs: Loretto High School (sponsored by the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary), Christian Brothers High School (sponsored by the Brothers of Christian Schools), Jesuit High School (the Society of Jesus, or "Jesuits"), and, as of the Fall of 2006, Cristo Rey High School Sacramento (co-sponsored by the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur, the Sisters of Mercy, and the Jesuits). Sacramento is one of 12 cities in the United States with a Cristo Rey Network High School, the first of which was founded by the Jesuits in Chicago in 1996 on a reduced tuition model designed to be accessible to those otherwise unable to afford conventionally-priced private education. Additionally within the city and surrounding suburbs are 30 "parochial" schools – i.e., schools attached to a parish. These range from the oldest still operating, St. Francis of Assisi Elementary School (1895), to the newest, St. Elizabeth Ann Seton (2000), to the recently consolidated, John Paul II School (2005), combining All Hallows (1948) and St. Peter (1955) Schools at the All Hallows Parish site. In 1857, almost immediately upon their arrival from Ireland, the Sisters of Mercy opened the first school of any kind in Sacramento. Open to all regardless of religious denomination, St. Joseph Academy continued operation through the late 1960s. The final school site is now a city of Sacramento parking garage. The "St. Joseph Garage" honors the name of the school that marked the arrival of formal education in Sacramento. Independent schools While Catholic institutions still dominate the independent school scene in the Sacramento area, in 1964, Sacramento Country Day School opened and offered Sacramentans an independent school that is affiliated with the California Association of Independent Schools. SCDS has grown to its present day status as a learning community for students from pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. Other religious schools There is one Islamic school in Sacramento, founded in 1998. Shalom School is the only Jewish day school in Sacramento. Culture and arts Reconstruction of California's first permanent theatre, the Eagle TheatreThe primary newspaper is The Sacramento Bee, founded in 1857 by James McClatchy. Its rival, the Sacramento Union, started publishing six years earlier in 1851; it closed its doors in 1994. Writer and journalist Mark Twain wrote for the Union in 1866. In late 2004, a new Sacramento Union returned with bimonthly magazines and in May 2005 began monthly publication, but does not intend to return as a daily newspaper.
In 2006, The McClatchy Company purchased Knight Ridder Inc. to become the second-largest newspaper publisher in the United States. The Sacramento Bee has won five Pulitzer Prizes in its history. It has won numerous other awards, including many for its progressive public service campaigns promoting free speech (the Bee often criticized government policy, and uncovered many scandals hurting Californians), anti-racism (the Bee supported the Union during the American Civil War and publicly denounced the Ku Klux Klan), worker's rights (the Bee has a strong history of supporting unionization), and environmental protection (leading numerous tree-planting campaigns and fighting against environmental destruction in the Sierra Nevada). The Big Four Building in Old SacramentoThe oldest part of the town besides Sutter's Fort is Old Sacramento, which consists of cobbled streets and some historic buildings, some from the 1860s. Buildings have been preserved, restored or reconstructed, and the district is now a substantial tourist attraction, with rides on steam-hauled historic trains and paddle steamers. The "Big Four Building", built in 1852, was home to the offices of Collis Huntington, Mark Hopkins, Leland Stanford, and Charles Crocker. The Central Pacific Railroad and Southern Pacific Railroad were founded there. The original building was destroyed in 1963 for the construction of Interstate 5, but was re-created using original elements in 1965. It is now a National Historic Landmark. Also of historic interest is the Eagle Theatre, a reconstruction of California's first permanent theatre in its original location. Theatre Arts The Community Center Theatre The Wells Fargo Pavilion, Music Circus Main Stage of the Sacramento Theatre CompanyThere are several major theatre venues for Sacramento. The Sacramento Convention Center governs both the Community Center Theatre and Memorial Auditorium. The Wells Fargo Pavilion is the most recent addition. It is built atop the old Music Circus tent foundations. Next to that, is the McClatchy Main stage, originally built as a television studio, it was renovated at the same time the pavilion was built. It is the smallest of the venues providing seating for only 300. The Sacramento Ballet, Sacramento Philharmonic Orchestra and the Sacramento Opera perform at the Community Center Theatre. There are several Theatre companies with professional stature. California Musical Theatre and its Summer stock theatre, Music Circus bring many directors and performers from New York and the Los Angeles area to work and perform in their productions at the Wells Fargo Pavilion. During the fall, winter and spring seasons Broadway Sacramento brings bus and truck tours to the Convention Center Theatre. The Sacramento Theatre Company provides non-musical productions of high quality as an Equity House Theatre, performing in the McClatchy Main stage. At the [B Street Theatre], smaller and more intimate professional productions are performed as well as a children's theatre. The Sacramento Shakespeare Festival provides entertainment under the stars every summer in William Land Park. The Sacramento area has one of the largest collection of smaller Community Theatres in California. Some of these include, the 24th Street Theatre, River City Theatre Company, Runaway Stage Productions, Magic Circle Theatre, Big Idea Theatre, Celebration Arts, Lambda Player, Synergy Stage and the historic Eagle Theatre. Many of these theatres compete annually for the Elly Awards overseen by The Sacramento Area Regional Theatre Alliance or SARTA. On Wednesday June 13, 2007 a new studio for the performing arts was announced to be built alongside the Sacramento Theatre company and the Wells Fargo Pavilion. The new multi million dollar complex will be named "The E. Claire Raley Studios for the Performing Arts" and will provide rehearsal space for 4 of the regions principal arts groups, the Sacramento Ballet, California Musical Theatre, Sacramento Opera and the Sacramento Philharmonic Orchestra, centralizing most of the city's Arts organizations. Visual Arts The Sacramento Metropolitan Arts Commission is an organization which was established as the Sacramento arts council in 1977 to provide several arts programs for the city. These include Art in Public Places, Arts Education, Grants and Cultural Programs, Poet Laureate Program, Arts Stabilization Programs and Other Resources and opportunities.
Sacramento Second Saturday Art Walk is a program of local art galleries that stay open into the late evenings every second Saturday of each month providing a unique experience for the local population as well as tourists to view original art and meet the artists themselves. Museums The Crocker Art MuseumSacramento has several major museums. The Crocker Art Museum, the oldest public art museum west of the Mississippi River is one of the finest. On July 26, 2007 the Museum broke ground for an expansion that will more than triple the buildings floor space. The Modern architecture will be much different from the Victorian style building it is added to. Construction is to be completed by 2010. Also of interest is the Governor's Mansion State Historic Park, a large Victorian Mansion which was home to 13 of California's Governors. The Leland Stanford Mansion State Historic Park, which was completely restored in 2006, serves as the State's official address for diplomatic and business receptions. Guided public tours are available. The California Museum for History, Women, and the Arts, home of the California Hall of Fame, is a cultural destination dedicated to telling the rich history of California and its unique influence on the world of ideas, innovation, art and culture. The Museum educates tens of thousands of school children through inspiring programs, sharing with world visitors California's rich art, history and cultural legacy through dynamic exhibits, and serving as a public forum and international meeting place. The California State Railroad Museum in Old Sacramento has historical exhibits and live steam locomotives that patrons may ride. The Towe Auto Museum, located just south of Old Sacramento, is filled with automotive history and vehicles from 1880 to 2006 and is the oldest non-profit automotive museum in the West. The mission of the Towe is to preserve, promote, and teach automotive culture and its influence on our lives – past, present and future. Music Classical music is widely available in usual and unusual venues. The Sacramento Philharmonic, the [Sacramento Choral Society & Orchestra], the Sacramento Youth Symphony, and the Camellia Symphony each present a full season of concerts. Two local churches feature unusually sophisticated classical music programs. Sacred Heart Church, located in affluent East Sacramento, is host to Schola Cantorum, an ensemble chorus that features a full season of performances, while also participating at Sunday liturgies at Sacred Heart. All Hallows Church, serving working class south-central Sacramento, is host to the nation's only parish-based full symphony orchestra, which presents a full range of performances each season. Sections of the orchestra also perform at significant parish school events, and orchestra members teach a complete curriculum of choral music at the inner-city school. The parish also features periodic individual recitals, including on its Yamaha Concert Grand Piano and Italian-built Viscount Digital Pipe Organ, one of only nine four-manual Viscounts in the world. All Hallows promotes its vast music programs around the theme "Transforming the Inner-city Through the Beauty of Art." Each year the city hosts the Sammies, the Sacramento Music Awards. Sacramento also has a reputation as a center for Dixieland jazz, because of the Sacramento Jazz Jubilee which is held every Memorial Day weekend. Events and performances are held in multiple locations throughout the city. Each year thousands of jazz fans from all over the world visit for this one weekend. Sacramento is also home to the Sacramento French Film Festival, a cultural event held every year in July that features U.S. premiers of French films and classic masterpieces of French cinema. In addition, Sacramento is home to the Trash Film Orgy, a summer film festival celebrating the absurd, B-movies, horror, monster, exploitation. A growing number of hardcore and metal bands hail from the Sacramento area, including Dance Gavin Dance, Catherine, and Elysia. Other bands such as A Skylit Drive hail from Lodi. Famous alt rock band Cake hails from Sacramento. There is also a growing number of Indie and Alternative bands becoming popular, such as Bidwell, and Burgundy.
Sports and recreation Raley Field, home of the Sacramento River CatsARCO Arena is home to two professional level basketball teams: the Sacramento Kings of the National Basketball Association and the Sacramento Monarchs of the Women's National Basketball Association. The Kings came to Sacramento from Kansas City in 1985, and the Monarchs are one of the eight founding members of the WNBA, which started in 1997. The Monarchs won the WNBA Championship in 2005 to become the first major, professional sports team in Sacramento to do so. The Sacramento Solons, a minor league baseball team of the Pacific Coast League, played in Sacramento during several periods (1903, 1905, 1909-1914, 1918-1960, 1974-1976), mostly at Edmonds Field. In 2000, AAA minor league baseball returned to Sacramento with the Sacramento River Cats, an affiliate of the Oakland Athletics. The River Cats play in the recently constructed Raley Field, located in West Sacramento. Several smaller leagues have and continue to be in Sacramento. The Sacramento Heatwave of the American Basketball Association currently plays at Natomas H. S. Event Center. In the past, the city hosted three professional football teams, the Sacramento Surge of the World League of American Football, the Sacramento Gold Miners of the Canadian Football League, and the Sacramento Attack of the Arena Football League. Sacramento was also home to an indoor soccer team, the Sacramento Knights of the Continental Indoor Soccer League (later called the World Indoor Soccer League). The Sacramento River Rats of Roller Hockey International also played in the city for several years. The Sacramento XSV (pronounced "excessive") of the National Professional Paintball League represents the City but is based in Modesto, CA. View of the city skyline from Raley FieldSacramento has frequently hosted the NCAA Men's Outdoor Track and Field Championship as well as the 1st and 2nd rounds of the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship. The Sacramento Mile is a national flat-track motorcycle racing event. From 1961 to 1980, Sacramento hosted the Camellia Bowl, which selected or helped select ten national champions in college football's lower divisions. Sacramento also hosts some recreational facilities and events. The Jedediah Smith Memorial Trail, that runs between Old Sacramento and Folsom Lake, attracts cyclists and equestrians from across the State. The California State Fair is held in Sacramento each year at the end of the summer, ending on Labor Day. Over one million people attended this fair in 2001. Sacramento residents play softball more than any city except Detroit, Michigan. Among other activities in Sacramento is Discovery Park, a 275-acre (1.1 km2) park studded with stands of mature trees and grasslands, this park where the American River flows into the Sacramento River, its a destination for fisherman and travelers alike. In amateur sports Sacramento claims many prominent Olympians such as Mark Spitz, Debbie Meyer, Mike Burton, Summer Sanders, Jeff Float (all swimming), and Billy Mills (track). Coach Sherm Chavoor founded his world famous Arden Hills Swim Club just east of the city and trained Burton, Myer, Spitz and others.
Club League Sport Venue Established Championships Sacramento Kings NBA Basketball ARCO Arena 1945 (1985) 1 NBA Championship, 2 NBL Championships (as Rochester Royals) Sacramento Monarchs WNBA Basketball ARCO Arena 1997 1 WNBA Championship Sacramento River Cats PCL Baseball Raley Field 1978 (2000) 1 Class Triple-A Title, 3 League Titles Sacramento Capitals WTT Tennis Allstate Stadium 1987 5 Championships Sacramento Heatwave ABA Basketball Natomas H.S. Event Center 2003 Sacramento Knights NPSL Soccer Cosumnes River College 2003 1 Championship Sacramento Sirens IWFL Football Foothill High School 2001 1 WAFL Title, 3 IWFL Titles F.C. Sacramento Pride WPSL Soccer Lincoln High School 1995 Notable residents See also: Sacramento writers, Sacramento sports figures, Sacramento entertainers, and Sacramento criminals Notable people with ties to Sacramento include designer architect Ray Eames, painter Wayne Thiebaud, photographer Michael Williamson, philosopher Cornel West, author J. Maarten Troost, astronaut Stephen Robinson, U.S. Supreme Court justice Anthony Kennedy, record producer Charlie Peacock, and writer Joan Didion. Journalist Mary K. Shell, the mayor of Bakersfield from 1981-1985, and her husband, the then petroleum lobbyist Joe Shell, lived in Sacramento during the 1970s. In addition to Huntington, Hopkins, Stanford, and Crocker, the city's more successful entrepreneurs have included Russ Solomon (Tower Records) and Sherwood "Shakey" Johnson (Shakey's Pizza). Actors, singers, rap artists, bands, and other performers with ties to the city can be found under Sacramento entertainers. For sports figures with ties to Sacramento see Sacramento sports figures. Transportation Amtrak service Amtrak's Sacramento Valley Rail Station serves as the city's main train gateway.Amtrak provides passenger rail service to the city of Sacramento. The Sacramento Valley Rail Station is located on the corner of 5th and I streets near the historic Old Town Sacramento and as of April, 2007, is currently undergoing extensive renovations. The station also serves as an RT light rail terminus. Amtrak California operates the Capitol Corridor, a multiple-frequency service providing service from the capital city to its northeastern suburbs and the San Francisco Bay Area. Sacramento is also the northern terminus of the Amtrak San Joaquins route which provide direct multiple-frequency passenger rail service to California's Central Valley as far as Bakersfield; Thruway Motorcoach connections are available from the trains at Bakersfield to Southern California and Southern Nevada. Sacramento is also a stop along Amtrak's Coast Starlight route which provides scenic service to Seattle via Klamath Falls and Portland to the north and to Los Angeles via San Luis Obispo and Santa Barbara to the south. Amtrak's California Zephyr also serves Sacramento daily and provides service to the east serving Reno, Salt Lake, Denver, Omaha, Chicago and intermediate cities. The Sacramento Valley Rail Station also provides numerous Thruway Motorcoach routes. One route serves the cities of Marysville, Oroville, Chico, Corning, Red Bluff and Redding with additional service to Yreka and even Medford, Oregon. A second serves the cities of Roseville, Rocklin, Auburn, Colfax, Truckee, Reno and Sparks.
The third and final thruway motorcoach route serves Placerville, Lake Tahoe, Stateline Casinos, and Carson City, Nevada. Each of these routes provides multiple frequencies each day. On March 15, 2007 around 5:40 p.m. a rail trestle along the American River set fire and left an Amtrak train stuck on the track for over 5 hours until Amtrak buses arrived to help the stranded travelers. Other transportation options An RT light rail train pulling into Cathedral Square.Sacramento Regional Transit's bus and light-rail system provide service within the city and nearby suburbs. Light-rail lines have recently been expanded east as far as the city of Folsom. Sacramento's light rail system goes to the Sacramento Valley Rail Station, Meadowview RD. in south Sacramento and north to Watt/I-80 where I-80 and Business 80 meet. The Sacramento International Airport handles flights to and from various United States destinations (including Hawaii) as well as Mexico and Canada. The Sacramento region is served by freeways (notably I-5, I-80, Business Loop 80 (Capital City Freeway), U.S. Route 50, and State Route 99). No new freeways have been built since the mid-1970s, despite a near-doubling of population in the metropolitan area since that time. Some Sacramento neighborhoods, particularly the central downtown and midtown areas, are pedestrian and bicycle friendly. And as a result of litigation, Sacramento has undertaken to make all city facilities and sidewalks wheelchair accessible. In an effort to preserve its urban neighborhoods, Sacramento has constructed traffic-calming measures in several areas. Bicycling is an increasingly popular transportation mode in Sacramento, which enjoys a mild climate and flat terrain. Bicycling is especially common in the older neighborhoods of Sacramento's center, such as Alkali Flat, Midtown, McKinley Park, Land Park, and East Sacramento. Many employees who work downtown commute by bicycle from suburban communities on a dedicated bicycle path on the American River Parkway. Sacramento was designated as a Bronze Level Bicycle Friendly Community by the League of American Bicyclists in September 2006. The advocacy organization Sacramento Area Bicycle Advocates co-sponsors the city's Bike Commute Month promotion each May. Sister cities Sacramento has eight sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International: Chişinău, Moldova Hamilton, New Zealand Jinan, China Liestal, Switzerland Manila, Philippines Matsuyama, Japan Yongsan-gu, South Korea ^Valencia, Spain Media Television Channel Call Sign Network 3 KCRA-TV NBC 6 KVIE PBS 10 KXTV ABC 13 KOVR CBS 19 KUVS-TV Univision 29 KSPX ION 31 KMAX-TV CW 32 KSTV-LP Azteca America 33 KCSO-LP Telemundo 40 KTXL FOX 58 KQCA MyNetworkTV 64 KTFK Telefutura Sacramento newspapers Sacramento Bee Sacramento Union Sacramento News & Review Magazines Sactown Magazine Sacramento Magazine Sacramento Parent Magazine Comstock's Magazine Radio See also: List of radio stations in Sacramento See also List of mayors of Sacramento C. M. Goethe Arboretum References "E-1 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties and the State with Annual Percent Change — January 1, 2005 and 2006" (PDF). California Department of Finance (May 1, 2006).
Retrieved on May 1, 2008. California Department of Finance America's Most Livable Communities - Most Livable Program 2004. America's Most Livable Communities. Retrieved on 2008-02-27. Welcome to America's Most Diverse City - TIME. Time Magazine. Retrieved on 2008-03-27. City of Sacramento Municipal Homepage Avella, Steven M. (2003). Sacramento: Indomitable City. Arcadia Publishing, p. 124. ISBN 0-738-52444-1. Area One (Central/Eastern) Area Two (Southwestern) Area Three (Southeastern) Area Four (North of the American River) "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. Stodghill, Ron; Bower, Amanda (2002-08-25). Welcome to America's Most Diverse City. Time. Retrieved on 2007-06-15. The Geography of U.S. Diversity (PDF). United States Census. Retrieved on 2007-06-15. "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved on 2008-02-10. UC Davis Graduate School of Management: About Us USC SPPD in Sacramento here myspace.com/burgundycali "Online Directory: California, USA". Sister Cities International. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Sacramento, CaliforniaOfficial city website Official tourism website from the Sacramento Convention and Visitors Bureau Sacramento, CA Community Resource Center Sacramento's Online Community and Forums SactownMedia.com - Free Media for Sacramento (includes a community forum) Sacramento Area Events, Music, Restaurants, Nightlife - A social networking guide to Sacramento Sacramento Wiki - People's Guide to Sacramento Sacramento History Online – Historic Sacaramento Photo and Document Archive Old Sacramento – Official website Sacramento Pictures More Photos Sacramento Top 10 Online Directory Sacramento, California is at coordinates 38°33′20″N 121°28′08″W / 38.555605, -121.468926 (Sacramento, California)Coordinates: 38°33′20″N 121°28′08″W / 38.555605, -121.468926 (Sacramento, California) [show]v • d • eMunicipalities and communities of Sacramento County, California County seat: Sacramento Cities Citrus Heights | Elk Grove | Folsom | Galt | Isleton | Rancho Cordova | Sacramento CDPs Arden-Arcade | Carmichael | Fair Oaks | Florin | Foothill Farms | Gold River | La Riviera | Laguna | North Highlands | Orangevale | Parkway-South Sacramento | Rancho Murieta | Rio Linda | Rosemont | Vineyard | Walnut Grove | Wilton Unincorporated communities Antelope | Herald | Locke California county seats Consolidated city-county San Francisco Cities Alturas · Auburn · Bakersfield · Colusa · Crescent City · El Centro · Eureka · Fairfield · Fresno · Hanford · Hollister · Jackson · Lakeport · Los Angeles · Madera · Mariposa · Martinez · Marysville · Merced · Modesto · Napa · Nevada City · Oakland · Oroville · Placerville · Red Bluff · Redding · Redwood City · Riverside · Sacramento · Salinas · San Bernardino · San Diego · San Jose · San Luis Obispo · San Rafael · Santa Ana · Santa Barbara · Santa Cruz · Santa Rosa · Sonora · Stockton · Susanville · Ukiah · Ventura · Visalia · Willows · Woodland · Yreka · Yuba City CDPs and communities Bridgeport · Downieville · Independence · Markleeville · Quincy · San Andreas · Weaverville
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