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The Shining (film) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search The Shining Theatrical release poster Directed by Stanley Kubrick Produced by Stanley Kubrick Jan Harlan Martin Richards Written by Novel: Stephen King Screenplay: Stanley Kubrick Diane Johnson Starring Jack Nicholson Shelley Duvall Danny Lloyd Scatman Crothers Music by Wendy Carlos Rachel Elkind Various classical and pop Cinematography John Alcott Editing by Ray Lovejoy Distributed by Warner Bros. Release date(s) May 23, 1980 (US) Running time Original cut 146 min. Cut version 142 min. European cut 119 min. Country United States United Kingdom Language English Budget $22,000,000 Gross revenue $64,984,856 The Shining is a 1980 supernatural thriller film directed by Stanley Kubrick, based on Stephen King's novel of the same name. Though not initially successful, the film has had status as a cult film for years. It has since gone on to broad mainstream success, now being frequently ranked as one of the best horror films in history and its iconic imagery deeply embedded throughout popular culture, although there was a long interval between its release and its achievement of iconic status. Kubrick co-wrote the screenplay with novelist Diane Johnson. The film stars Jack Nicholson as tormented writer Jack Torrance, Shelley Duvall as his wife, Wendy, and Danny Lloyd as their son, Danny. The film tells the story of a writer, Jack Torrance (Jack Nicholson), who accepts the job of the winter caretaker at a hotel which always gets snowed in during the winter. While his family looks around the hotel during closing day, the psychic hotel chef discovers the psychic abilities of Jack's son Danny, and Danny's ability to detect ghostly presences in the hotel. In the chef's family, this ability is called "shining". When the hotel becomes snowbound, Jack Torrance is driven mad by the ghosts in the hotel, and he tries to murder his wife and son. Initial response to the film was mixed, and it performed moderately at the box office. Subsequent critical assessment of the film has been more favorable, and it is now viewed as a classic of the horror genre. The novel's author Stephen King had very conflicted feelings about it (see Reception and Comparison with the book) which have oscillated over time. He produced a TV mini-series remake in 1997. Contents [hide] 1 Plot 2 Alternate Cuts 3 Cast 4 Production 5 Reception 6 Social interpretations of the film 7 Comparison with the book 7.1 Character arc of Jack Torrance 7.2 Resulting characterization of Wendy Torrance and Stuart Ullmann 7.3 Motivation of ghosts 7.4 Plot differences 7.5 Defense of how the book was adapted 8 Music and soundtrack 9 In popular culture 10 References 11 External links  Plot Jack Torrance arrives at the Overlook Hotel for a job interview. Manager Stuart Ullman warns him
that the previous caretaker got cabin fever and killed his family and himself during the long winter in which the hotel is entirely isolated. The hotel itself is built on the site of an Indian burial ground. Jack’s son Danny has had terrifying premonitions about the hotel. Jack's wife, Wendy, tells a visiting doctor about Danny's imaginary friend "Tony", and that Jack had given up drinking because he had physically abused Danny after a binge. The family arrives at the hotel on closing day, and is given a tour. The elderly African-American chef, Dick Hallorann, surprises Danny by speaking to him telepathically and offering him some ice cream. He explains to Danny that he and his grandmother shared the gift; they called the communication "shining." Danny asks if there is anything to be afraid of in the hotel, particularly Room 237. Hallorann tells Danny that the hotel has a certain "shine" to it and many memories, not all of them good, and advises him to stay out of room 237 under all circumstances. A month passes and Jack's writing project is going nowhere, Wendy is concerned about the phone lines being out due to the snow storm and Danny has more frightening visions. Danny’s curiosity about Room 237 finally gets the better of him when he sees the room has been opened. Later, Danny shows up injured and visibly traumatized causing Wendy to think that Jack has been abusing Danny. Jack wanders into the hotel’s Gold Room where he meets a ghostly bartender named Lloyd who serves him whiskey. Jack complains to the bartender about his relationship with Wendy. Afterwards, Wendy shows up and apologizes for accusing Jack, explaining that Danny told her a "crazy woman in one of the rooms" was responsible for his injuries. Jack investigates Room 237 and has an encounter with the ghost of a dead woman there, but tells Wendy he saw nothing. Wendy and Jack argue about whether Danny should be removed from the hotel and Jack returns to the Gold Room, now filled with ghosts having a costume party. Here he meets who he believes is the ghost of the previous caretaker, Delbert Grady (although the killer is previously named as Charles Grady), who tells Jack that he has to "correct" his wife and child. Later, Jack sabotages the hotel radio, cutting off communication from the outside world. Meanwhile, in Florida, Dick Hallorann gets a premonition that something is wrong at the hotel and takes a flight back to Colorado to investigate. Danny starts calling out the word "redrum" frantically and goes into a trance now calling himself "Tony". Wendy discovers Jack's typerwriter and that he has been typing endless pages of manuscript repeating "All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy" formatted in various ways. Horrified, she confronts Jack, but threatens her and she knocks him unconscious with a baseball bat and locks him in a storage locker in the kitchen. Jack converses with Grady through the door of the locker, which then unlocks releasing him. Danny has written "REDRUM" in lipstick on the door of Wendy’s bedroom revealing to be "Murder" spelled backwards. At that moment, Jack, armed with a fire axe, begins to chop through the door leading to his family's living quarters. In a frantic maneuver, Wendy sends Danny out through the bathroom window but she is unable to fit through the window herself. Jack then starts chopping the bathroom door down with the axe, but backs off after he hears a running engine from Halloran's snowcat outside. Jack leaves the room and begins to wander about the hotel to find Halloran and kills him just moments after his arrival. Jack then begins to pursue Danny and is led into the hedge maze. Jack follows Danny's footsteps, but is misled when Danny manages to walk backwards in his own tracks and leaps behind a corner, covering his tracks with snow. Wendy and Danny escape in Hallorann's vehicle while Jack freezes to death in the hedge maze. The final shot of the film is of an old photograph taken at the hotel on July 4, 1921 in which Jack Torrance is clearly visible while Midnight, the Stars and You is being played through the hallways. The photograph on the hotel wall: Overlook Hotel, July 4th Ball, 1921. A young Jack stands smiling in the bottom center.  Alternate Cuts There are several versions of The Shining. After its premiere and a week into the general run (with a running time of 146 minutes), Kubrick cut a scene at the end that took place in a hospital. The scene had Wendy in a bed talking with Mr. Ullman, the man who hired Jack at the beginning of the film. He explains that her husband's body could not be found, thus raising several questions and implications. This scene was subsequently physically cut out of prints by projectionists and sent back to the studio by order of Warner Bros., the film's distributor. As noted by Roger Ebert: “ If Jack did indeed freeze to death in the labyrinth, of course his body was found -- and sooner rather than later, since Dick Hallorann alerted the forest rangers to serious trouble at the hotel. If Jack's body was not found, what happened to it? Was it never there? Was it absorbed into the past, and does that explain Jack's presence in that final photograph of a group of hotel party-goers in 1921? Did Jack's violent pursuit of his wife and child exist entirely in Wendy's imagination, or Danny's, or theirs?... Kubrick was wise to remove that epilogue. It pulled one rug too many out from under the story. At some level, it is necessary for us to believe the three members of the Torrance family are actually residents in the hotel during that winter, whatever happens or whatever they think happens. ” The European version runs for 119 minutes due to Kubrick personally cutting 24 minutes from the film as mentioned above. The excised scenes made reference to the outside world.  Cast Jack Nicholson as Jack Torrance Shelley Duvall as Wendy Torrance Danny Lloyd as Danny Torrance Scatman Crothers as Dick Hallorann Barry Nelson as Stuart Ullman Philip Stone as Delbert Grady Joe Turkel as Lloyd the Bartender Anne Jackson as Doctor Tony Burton as Larry Durkin Barry Dennen as Bill Watson Lisa Burns as Grady Child #1 Louise Burns as Grady Child #2 Norman Gay as Injured Guest Vivian Kubrick (uncredited) as Smoking guest in ballroom  Production The entire film was shot on soundstages at EMI Elstree Studios in Borehamwood, England. The set for the Overlook Hotel was then the largest ever built. It included a full recreation of the exterior of the hotel, as well as the interiors. A few exterior shots by a second unit crew were done at Timberline Lodge on Mount Hood in Oregon. They are noticeable because the hedge maze is missing. The interiors are based on those of the Ahwahnee hotel in Yosemite National Park. The Timberline Lodge requested Kubrick change the sinister Room 217 of King's novel to 237, so customers would not avoid the real room 217. The Overlook Hotel (Timberline Lodge).The massive set would be Kubrick's first use of the Steadicam. The door that Jack breaks down with the axe near the end of the film was a real door. Kubrick originally used a fake door, made of a weaker wood, but Jack Nicholson, who had worked as a volunteer fire marshal, tore it down too quickly. Jack's line, "Heeeere's Johnny!", is taken from the famous introduction for The Tonight Show host Johnny Carson, as spoken by Ed McMahon. The line was improvised by Nicholson. Carson later used the Nicholson clip to open his 1980 Anniversary Show on NBC. The opening panorama shots (which were used by Ridley Scott for the closing moments of the original cut of the film Blade Runner) and scenes of the Volkswagen Beetle on the road to the hotel were filmed from a helicopter in Glacier National Park in Montana on the Going-to-the-Sun Road. Stanley Kubrick allowed his then 17-year-old daughter, Vivian, to make a documentary about the production of The Shining. Created originally for the BBC television show Arena, this documentary offers rare insight into the shooting process of a Kubrick film. The documentary, together with full-length commentary by Vivian Kubrick, is included on the DVD, HD-DVD, and Blu-Ray disc releases of The Shining. Kubrick's first choice for the role of Jack Torrance was always Jack Nicholson, but he did consider Robert De Niro (who claims the movie gave him nightmares for a month), Robin Williams and Harrison Ford, all of whom met with Stephen King's disapproval. Overall, The Shining was a long and arduous production. Principal photography alone took over a year to complete, due to Kubrick's highly methodical nature. Actress Shelley Duvall did not get along well with Stanley Kubrick and they frequently had arguments on set about lines in the script, her acting techniques, and numerous other things. Duvall eventually became so overwhelmed by the stress of her role, that she became physically ill for months. At one point she was under so much stress that her hair began to fall out. Also, the shooting script was being changed constantly, sometimes several times a day. Jack Nicholson eventually became so fed up with the ever changing script that he would throw away the copies that the production team would give to him to memorize, knowing that it was just going to change anyway. He learned most of his lines just minutes before he was supposed to film them. The shooting schedule was often very long, and according to Nicholson's then-girlfriend Anjelica Huston, he would come home after a days work, immediately collapse into bed and be fast asleep within minutes. After the film was completed, Nicholson vowed to never work with Kubrick again.  Reception The film had a slow start at the box office, but gained momentum and steam, eventually doing well commercially and making Warner Brothers a profit. It also opened at first to mixed reviews. For example, Variety staff criticized Kubrick for destroying what was terrifying in Stephen King's novel. It was nominated for Worst Director and Worst Actress at the Golden Raspberry Awards, and was the only one of Kubrick's last nine films to get no nominations at all from either the Oscars or Golden Globes. As with most Kubrick films, subsequent critical reaction reviews the film more favorably. A common initial criticism was the slow pacing which was highly atypical of horror films of the time, but subsequently viewers decided this actually contributed to the film's hypnotic quality. Film website Rotten Tomatoes, which compiles reviews from a wide range of critics, gives the film a score of 87%. Stephen King has been quoted as saying that although Kubrick made a film with memorable imagery, it was not a good adaptation of his novel and is the only adaptation of his novels that he could "remember hating". He thought that his novel's important themes, such as the disintegration of the family and the dangers of alcoholism, were ignored. Kubrick made other changes that King disparaged. King especially viewed the casting of Nicholson as a mistake and a tip-off to the audience (due to Nicholson's identification with the character of McMurphy in One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest) that the character Jack would eventually go mad. However, the author's animosity toward Kubrick's adaptation has dulled over time. During an interview segment on the Bravo channel, King admitted that the first time he watched Kubrick's adaptation, he found it to be "dreadfully upsetting". King finally supervised a television adaptation of his original novel in 1997, which received lukewarm reviews. Roger Ebert's initial review of the film was unfavorable, but he later re-evaluated it. In 2006 The Shining made it into Ebert's series of "Great Movie" reviews. There Ebert notes that whenever Jack sees spirits, a mirror is always present; thus, given the themes of madness and isolation, this suggests he may be speaking with himself. However, Ebert concludes that overall the film is ambiguous. That leaves us with a closed-room mystery: In a snowbound hotel, three people descend into versions of madness or psychic terror, and we cannot depend on any of them for an objective view of what happens. It is this elusive open-endedness that makes Kubrick's film so strangely disturbing. References in the form of both parodies and homages to The Shining are prominent in U.S. popular culture, particularly in movies, TV shows and other visual media, as well as music. See "In popular culture" for more info. Over the years the film has become widely regarded as one of the greatest films of the horror genre and a staple of pop culture, and like many Kubrick films has been described as "seminal." In 2001, the film was ranked 29th on AFI's 100 Years... 100 Thrills list and Jack Torrance was named the 25th greatest villain on the AFI's 100 Years... 100 Heroes and Villains list in 2003. It was named the all-time scariest film by Channel 4, Total Film labeled it the 5th greatest horror film, and Bravo TV named one of the film's scenes 6th on their list of the 100 Scariest Movie Moments. In addition, film critics Kim Newman and Jonathan Romney both placed it in their top ten lists for the 2002 Sight and Sound poll.  Social interpretations of the film Jack leers through the broken door frame in an iconic shot.Although The Shining was viewed upon release as a mass-market horror film, some interpreters see it as reflecting more subtly the social concerns that animate other Kubrick films. Bill Blakemore writing in the San Francisco Chronicle in July 1987 believes that indirect references to the American slaughter of Native Americans pervade the film as exemplified by the Indian logos on the baking powder in the kitchen, and Indian artwork that appears throughout the hotel, though no Native Americans are ever seen. Stuart Ullmann tells Wendy that when building the hotel a few Indian attacks had to be fended off, a line which does not appear in King's novel. Ullmann also brags about "all the best people" that come to the hotel, while appearing casual about the murders that happened there. The hedge maze is seen as symbolic not just of the labyrinthine nature of Jack's psyche, but of society as a whole. Wendy calls the hotel itself a "maze". Film writer John Capo similarly sees the film as an allegory of American imperialism as exemplified by many clues such as the closing photo of Jack in the past at a 4th of July party, or Jack's earlier citation of the Rudyard Kipling poem "White Man's Burden." Kubrick wanted his entire life to make a film dealing directly with the Holocaust, but could never quite get the handle on it that satisfied him. Historian Geoffrey Cocks writing in The Wolf at the Door: Stanley Kubrick, History, and the Holocaust believes not only that all of Kubrick's work is governed by being haunted by the Holocaust but that there is a strong hidden holocaust subtext in The Shining. This, Cocks believes, explains why Kubrick's screenplay goes to emotional extremes, omitting much of the novel's supernaturalism, and making the character of Wendy much more hysteria-prone. Cocks places Kubrick's vision of a haunted hotel in line with a long literary tradition of hotels in which sinister events occur beginning with Stephen Crane's short story The Blue Hotel which Kubrick admired to the German Berghof hotel in Thomas Mann's novel The Magic Mountain, about a snowbound sanatorium high in the mountains in which the protagonist witnesses a series of events which are a microcosm of the decline of Western culture. In keeping with this tradition, Kubrick's film focuses on domesticity, and the Torrance's attempt to use this imposing building as a home which Jack Torrance describes as "homey". Cocks notes that the film contains many references to fairy tales, both Hansel and Gretel and the story of the big bad wolf, with Jack Torrance identified as the wolf which Bruno Bettelheim identifies as standing for "all the asocial unconscious devouring powers" that must be overcome by a child's ego. The hotel is described by the manager as a place that was inhabited by the wealthy jet set which he describes as "all the best people". Nonetheless, it is also a place of evil as Danny quickly intuits with his "shining" ability as flagged by his asking Halloran the cook "Is there something bad here?" Cocks claims that Kubrick has elaborately coded many of his historical concerns into the film with manipulations of numbers and colors, and his choice of musical numbers, much of them post-war compositions influenced by the horrors of World War II. Of particular note is Kubrick's use of Penderecki's The Dream of Jacob to accompany Jack Torrance's dream of killing his family and Danny's vision of past carnage in the hotel, a piece of music originally associated with the horrors of the Holocaust. As such, Kubrick's pessimistic ending in contrast to Stephen King's optimistic one is in keeping with the motifs that Kubrick wove into the story.  Comparison with the book The film differs from the novel significantly with regard to characterization and motivation of the action. The most obvious differences are with regard to the personality of Jack Torrance, as these are the source of much of author Stephen King’s dissatisfaction with the film.  Character arc of Jack Torrance The novel presents us with a Jack who is initially well-intentioned but is struggling with alcohol and has issues with resentment of authority. In spite of good intentions, he becomes gradually overwhelmed by the evil forces in the hotel, though near the end of the book he has a moment of recovered goodness, helping Wendy and Danny escape during a moment of recovered sanity. The film’s Jack is established as a bit sinister much earlier in the story, and his final redemption never occurs. Furthermore, Jack actually kills Dick Hallorann in the film, but kills no one in the novel. King attempted to talk Stanley Kubrick out of casting Jack Nicholson even before filming began, on the grounds that the whole theme of an Everyman's slow descent into madness would be undercut by casting Nicholson, who had starred in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest a few years before. He suggested Jon Voight among others for the role. Stephen King has openly stated on the DVD commentary of the 1997 mini-series of The Shining that the character of Jack Torrance was partially autobiographical, as he was struggling with both alcoholism and unprovoked rage towards his family at the time of writing. Writing in Hollywood's Stephen King, Tony Magistrale writes Kubrick's version of Torrance is much closer to the tyrannical Hal (from Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey) and Alex (from Kubrick's A Clockwork Orange) than he is to King's more conflicted, more sympathetically human characterization. Jack's twin demons in the novel are alcoholism and authority-issues, but his demons in the film seem to be alcohol and severe writer's block, though some authority-issues on his part are implied indirectly. The book gives more overt illustrations of Jack's issues with authority that are absent from the film. In both versions, Jack hears the voices of previous tenants of the hotel, but only in the novel does Jack also hear the voice of his father, who had a heavy-handed, authoritarian personality. Similarly, though the film downplays the book's theme of Jack's authority issues, it gives indications of Jack's struggle with writer's block, which he does not suffer from in the novel.  Resulting characterization of Wendy Torrance and Stuart Ullmann The downplaying of the theme of Jack's issues with authority allows the film to alter the characters of Ullmann and Wendy. In the novel, Jack's authority issues are triggered by the fact that his interviewer, Mr. Ullmann, is highly authoritarian, a kind of snobbish military martinet. The film's Ullmann is far more humane and concerned about Jack's well-being, as well as smooth and self-assured. Writing in Stanley Kubrick and the Art of Adaptation, author Greg Jenkins writes "A toadish figure in the book, Ullman has been utterly reinvented for the film; he now radiates charm, grace, and gentility." Only in the novel does Ullmann state that he disapproves of hiring Jack but higher authorities have asked that Jack be hired. Especially notable is the film's omission of Ullmann mentioning that both the previous caretaker, Grady, who killed his family, and Jack are alcoholics. In the book, Ullmann discusses Grady's history in an almost threatening way, whereas he does so in the film in a concerned way. Wendy's concern about Danny also triggers Jack's authority issues in the novel, while in the film he mainly finds her concerns irritating and hysterical. Wendy Torrance in the film is relatively meek, submissive, passive, and mousy. In the book, she is a more self-reliant and independent personality who is tied to Jack in part by her poor relationship with her parents. Writing in Hollywood's Stephen King, author Tony Magistrale writes about the mini-series remake: De Mornay restores much of the steely resilience found in the protagonist of King's novel, and this is particularly noteworthy when compared to Shelley Duvall's exaggerated portrayal of Wendy as Olive Oyl revisited: A simpering fatality of forces beyond her capacity to understand, much less surmount.  Motivation of ghosts In the novel, the motivation of the ghosts to possess Jack Torrance is to get him to kill Danny; if Danny becomes a ghost, they will have access to his "shining" ability, thus making the ghosts far more powerful. In the film, the motive of the ghosts is ambiguous but seems to be to reclaim Jack Torrance, who is apparently a reincarnation of a previous caretaker of the hotel. Thus, in the film, Jack has been the focus of their attention all along rather than Danny. This plot difference massively re-contextualizes the line "You've always been the caretaker," which in the novel is a lie told by the ghosts to bolster Jack's ego, but may in some sense be literally true in the film. However, Grady, one of the ghosts in the hotel, mentions to Jack that Danny has "a very great talent", suggesting that the hotel's ghosts have an interest in Danny's "shining" ability.  Plot differences Because of the limitations of special effects at the time, the living topiary animals of the book were omitted and a hedge maze was added. The hedge maze plays a crucial role in the film's plot, acting as a final trap for Jack Torrance as well as a refuge for Danny. Although Danny has supernatural powers in both versions, the book makes it clear that his apparent imaginary friend "Tony" really is a projection of hidden parts of his own psyche, though heavily amplified by Danny's psychic “shining” abilities. At the end it is revealed that Danny Torrance's middle name is "Anthony". In the film, the status of Tony is unknown; he could be a separate entity. Only in the film does Danny describe "Tony" as "the little boy who lives in my mouth." In the novel, the Overlook Hotel is completely destroyed by a fire caused by an exploding boiler, while the movie ends with the hotel still standing. More broadly, the defective boiler is a major subplot element of the novel which is entirely missing from the film. More trivial differences include Jack's choice of weapon (a roque mallet in the book, an axe in the movie) and the nature of Danny's injury before the action of the story (a broken arm in the book and a dislocated shoulder in the movie). Some of the film's most famous iconic scenes, such as the ghost girls (frequently mistaken for twins) in the hallway and the blood in the elevator shaft, are unique to the film. The most notable of these would be the "novel" that Wendy discovers in Jack’s typewriter. Similarly, much of the film's most memorable lines of dialogue ("Words of wisdom" and "Here's Johnny!") are unique to the film.  Defense of how the book was adapted Although Stephen King fans were critical of the book's adaptation on the grounds that Kubrick altered and reduced the novel's themes, a defense of Kubrick's approach was published by Steve Biodrowski, a former editor of the print magazine Cinefantastique. His review of the film is one of the few to go into detailed comparison with the book. Biodrowski states, Widely reviled by Stephen King fans for abandoning much of the book (King himself said his feelings balanced out to zero), Stanley Kubrick’s film version, upon re-examination, reveals that he took the same course he had often used in the past when adapting novels to the screen (such as Vladimir Nabokov's Lolita): he stripped away the back story and exposition, distilling the results down to the basic narrative line, with the characters thus rendered in a more archetypal form. The result ...[is] a brilliant, ambitious attempt to shoot a horror film without the Gothic trappings of shadows and cobwebs so often associated with the genre.  Music and soundtrack The film features a brief electronic score by Wendy Carlos and Rachel Elkind, including one major theme in addition to a main title based on Hector Berlioz' interpretation of the "Dies Irae", used in his "Symphonie Fantastique", as well as pieces of modernist music. The soundtrack LP was taken off the market due to licensing issues and has never appeared as a legitimate compact disc release. For the film itself, pieces were overdubbed on top of one another. Carlos and Elkind had composed a great deal of music for the film, with the expectation that it would be used. However, Kubrick decided to go with classical music from other sources, as he has done on previous occasions. Some of Carlos' unused music appears on her album Rediscovering Lost Scores, Vol. 2. The stylistic contemporary art-music chosen by Kubrick is similar to the repertoire he first explored in 2001: A Space Odyssey. It is little known that, although the repertoire was selected by Kubrick, the process of matching passages of music to motion picture was left almost entirely at the discretion of music editor Gordon Stainforth, whose work on this film is notable for the attention to fine details, and remarkably precise synchronisation without excessive splicing. The non-original music on the soundtrack is as follows: Lontano by György Ligeti, Ernest Bour conducting Sinfonie Orchester des Südwestfunks (Wergo Records) Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta by Béla Bartók, Herbert von Karajan conducting the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra (Deutsche Grammophon) Utrenja — excerpts from the Ewangelia and Kanon Paschy movements by Krzysztof Penderecki, Andrzej Markowski conducting Symphony Orchestra of the National Philharmonic, Warsaw (Polskie Nagrania Records) The Awakening of Jacob (Als Jakob Erwacht) and De Natura Sonoris No. 1 and 2, by Krzysztof Penderecki, the Polish Radio National Symphony Orchestra conducted by the composer (EMI) Home by Henry Hall and the Gleneagles Hotel Band (Columbia Records) It's All Forgotten Now performed by Al Bowlly Masquerade by Jack Hylton and His Orchestra (not on the soundtrack album) Kanon (for string orchestra) by Krzysztof Penderecki Polymorphia (for string orchestra) by Krzysztof Penderecki, performed by Polish Radio National Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Krzysztof Penderecki Midnight, the Stars and You by Jimmy Campbell, Reginald Connelly and Harry Woods, performed by Ray Noble and His Orchestra, with Al Bowlly  In popular culture The Shining has had an enormous influence on popular culture mostly in the form of having its most memorable scenes and iconic imagery imitated and parodied multiple times in many television shows, films and music videos. A full list of references would be very long. One of the most well-known in television is the The Simpsons episode "Treehouse of Horror V" has the story "The Shinning", a parody of The Shining. (It has been noted that tributes to Kubrick pervade The Simpsons.). Joey from the hit NBC TV show Friends reads The Shining inThe One Where Monica And Richard Are Friends. Frequently imitated individual scenes are the two girls in the hallway, the usage of the word "Redrum" ("murder" spelled backwards), the blood spilling out of the closed elevator doors and Jack Torrance's sticking his head through the axe-hewn hole in the bathroom door, leeringly saying, "Here's Johnny." The entire plot is imitated in the short music video of "The Kill" by 30 Seconds to Mars. Band singer Jared Leto felt their song was a commentary on the meaning of the movie. Scenes parodying much of the film also appear in the Slipknot music video "Spit It Out". Kate Bush's well-known 1982 album The Dreaming contains the song "Get Out of My House," inspired primarily by the novel. In the feature movie Twister a drive-in movie theatre is showing The Shining. The famous "Here's Johnny!" scene is projected at the drive-in theater just before the tornado rips away the outdoor movie screen. In the 2004 comedy film Kung Fu Hustle by Stephen Chow, as Sing (Stephen Chow) arrives at the door to the Beast's cell in the mental asylum, he hallucinates a large wave of blood rushing from the cell door, similar to the blood rushing scene in the Shining. Chow himself stated in an interview that this shot was an intended "salutation" to Kubrick. In 2005, the Association for Independent Creative Editors sponsored a competition in which assistant editors 're-cut' trailers for famous movies in an attempt to change the entire mood of the story. The winner was a re-cut trailer of The Shining made by Robert Ryang, edited to make the genre of the film appear to be a romantic comedy. The second book in author Stephen King's The Dark Tower series has a character, Eddie Dean, who compares a visionary experience of looking through a magic door which shows a person's eye view to the tracking shots of Danny Torrance's exploration of the hotel and his visions in The Shining. The reference is film-specific as reference is made to Danny's visions of the twin girls in the hallway which are only in the film. The Shining is also heavily referenced Jonathan Glazer's video "Karmacoma" for Massive Attack. Several themes from The Shining were used. Shortly after President Barack Obama took office, the satirical newspaper The Onion printed an article in which seven-year-old Sasha Obama saw apparitions of the twin daughters of former President Bush, while riding a tricycle through the White House hallways. The article describes other hauntings inspired by The Shining, including ghastly images of Barbara Bush, John Ashcroft lying naked in a bathtub and a gardener describing "horrible atrocities" committed by the last White House resident. The article concludes stating First Lady Michelle Obama wanted to move away but, reminiscent of the film, Barack Obama refused, "saying that he finally has the chance to get some work done now." J Dilla samples the movie heavily on his album of the same name. In an episode[which?] of My Parents are Aliens, the phrase "Here's Johnny" is replaced by "Here's Joshhhhy", when Josh Barker's robot replacement goes out of control. The grindcore/experimental band of Duck Duck Goose has a backing sample of this movie at the end of their song "Red, I Don't Have Time for This..." Dutch Hardcore/Gabber producers-duo Hocus Pocus used the sampled vocals "Here's Johnny!" in their Olskool Hardcore track with the same title released in 1993." Insane Clown Posse member Violent J's solo album "The Shining" makes several visual references to the film. In the Family Guy episode Peter, Peter, Caviar Eater when Lois inherits Cherrywood (a summer home) Stewie is seen riding a trike through the halls until he comes across two ghostly girls in the hall asking him to "Come and Play forever". He subsequently shoots them. The band members of the heavy metal band Slipknot play various characters from the film in the music video for their song, Spit It Out. This is interspersed throughout the video along with footage of the band performing the song live. In the Korean hip hop group Epik High's album 魂 : Map the Soul, the phrase "Redrum" is featured in the song titled "Free Music."  References ^ For example, in January 2009, the Cedar Lee theatre in Cleveland Ohio showed it as part of their cult film series. ^ The actual song lyrics are "Midnight, and the Stars and You"—however, the song title is merely, "Midnight, the Stars, and You" ^ The Shining (1980) - Alternate versions ^ Robert De Niro (speaking about what movies scared him), B105 FM interview on September 20, 2007 ^ Stephen King, B105 FM on November 21, 2007 ^ The Shining - Excerpt from Variety. ^ Tom O'Neil (2008-02-01). "Quelle horreur! 'The Shining' was not only snubbed, it was Razzed!". Los Angeles Times. http://goldderby.latimes.com/awards_goldderby/2008/02/the-shining-was.html. Retrieved on 2009-01-22. ^ Some of the original criticisms are mentioned in a recent review of the Blu-Ray release at http://bluray.highdefdigest.com/325/shining1980.html ^ The Shining reviews at rottentomatoes.com ^ Kubrick FAQ - The Shining, May 5, 2008 ^ "Writing Rapture: The WD Interview", Writer's Digest, May/June 2009 ^ Needs citation. ^ Ebert published no print review of the film, but did review it on his TV show. ^ "Great Movies: The Shining". http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060618/REVIEWS08/606180302/1023. ^ "'Secret Window' achieves horror with suspense, silence". Western Herald. 2004-03-15. http://media.www.westernherald.com/media/storage/paper881/news/2004/03/15/Ae/Movie.Reviewsecret.Window.Achieves.Horror.With.Suspense.Silence-2125146.shtml. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. ""The Shining" has cemented a spot in horror pop culture." ^ Simon Hill. "The Shining Review". Celluloid Dreams. http://www.celluloiddreams.co.uk/theshining.html. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. "This film has embedded itself in popular culture..." ^ Mark Blackwell (2005-11-24). "Deep End: Christiane Kubrick". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. http://origin.abc.net.au/rn/deepend/stories/2005/1516125.htm. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. "Images from his films have made an indelible impression on popular culture. Think of [...] Jack Nicholson sticking his head through the door saying 'Here's Johnny' in The Shining." ^ "Shining tops screen horrors". BBC News. 2003-10-27. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/3215471.stm. Retrieved on 2007-05-21. "The scene in The Shining has become one of cinema's iconic images..." ^ http://bluray.highdefdigest.com/325/shining1980.html ^ http://www.documentaryfilms.net/Reviews/StanleyKubrickALifeInPictures/ ^ 100 Greatest Scary Moments: Channel 4 Film ^ Total Film - Shock Horror! ^ Kim Newman's choices in the Sound and Sound Top Ten poll 2002 ^ Jonathan Romney's choices in the Sound and Sound Top Ten poll 2002 ^  ^  ^ Movie Junk Archive: Stephen King's The Shining] ^ The Shining FAQ, Visual Memory website. ^ TV Guide, April 26-May 2 1997 ^ See Chapter 55 "That Which Was Forgotten" ^ King discusses this in an interview he gave at the time of the TV remake of The Shining in the New York Daily News"The Shining By the Book". https://nydailynews.com/archives/entertainment/1997/04/27/1997-04-27__the_shining___by_the_book.html. ^ The Shining (1980) - Trivia ^ Creepshows: The Illustrated Stephen King Movie Guide By Stephen Jones Published by Watson-Guptill, 2002 p. 20 ^ DVD of The Shining TV mini-series directed by Mick Garris Studio: Warner Home Video DVD Release Date: January 7, 2003 ^ p. 100 of Hollywood's Stephen King By Tony Magistrale Published by Macmillan, 2003 ^ See p. 101 of Tony Magistrale's Hollywood's Stephen King ^ See Chapter 26, "Dreamland" ^ The obvious example is the notorious discovery by Wendy of Jack's "novel" in the typewriter. This iconic scene in the film is not in the book. ^ p. 74 of Stanley Kubrick and the Art of Adaptation: Three Novels, Three Films by Greg Jenkins, published by McFarland, 1997 ^ Jack's disdain for Ullmann is the main subject of Chapter 1 of the novel, setting up Jack's authority issues. ^ The film's Ullmann makes pointed but helpful remarks in the job interview such as "That's very good Jack, because, uh, for some people, solitude and isolation can, of itself become a problem." ^ A typical encounter can be found in Chapter 20, "Talking with Mr. Ullmann." ^ An example is the way he echoes back her line "I think we should take Danny to a doctor." ^ Wendy's troubled relationship with her mother is discussed first in Chapter 5, "Phone Booth," and in more depth in Chapter 6, "Night Thoughts." ^ Magistrale, p. 202. ^ This is laid out overtly in Chapter 55, "That Which was Forgotten." ^ Among many other places, this is suggested in The Modern Weird Tale by S.T. Joshi, p. 72. ^ Only in the film is there a photograph of Jack Torrance at a hotel party taken in 1921. The simplest explanation for this is that Jack is the reincarnation of a prior hotel guest, although it has been suggested by Roger Ebert that upon death Jack was sucked into a time warp into the past. ^ See again Chapter 55, "That Which Was Forgotten." ^ Stanley Kubrick's The Shining ^ Stanley Kubrick's – The Shining – By Harlan Kennedy ^ Tony's real identity is revealed in Chapter 54, "Tony." ^ http://www.cinecultist.com/archives/shining_twins_1.jpg ^ http://faculty.washington.edu/kgb/horror/shining_blood_elevator.jpg ^ http://www.kevinbroome.com/images/shining.jpg ^ Hollywood Gothique: The Shining (1980) Review ^ "The Shining (1980) - Soundtracks". http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0081505/soundtrack. ^ Barham, Jeremy. "Incorporating Monsters: Music as Context, Character and Construction in Kubrick's The Shining." London: Equinox Press. ISBN 9781845532024. ^ The The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy by Gary Westfahl states, "While the scope of reference to fantastic fiction in The Simpsons is vast, there are two masters of the genre whose impact on The Simpson supersedes that of all others: Stanley Kubrick and Edgar Allan Poe." p. 1232 ^ See the Family Guy episodes and Verizon ads ^ Parodied in the film UHF. ^ See South Park 's The New Terrance and Phillip Movie Trailer ^ This scene is parodied in a Boondocks episode[which?], "Stinkmeaner Strikes Back," and an episode[which?] of Samurai Jack. ^ 30 Seconds To Mars A Beautiful Lie CD/DVD Making of The Kill music video - Jared Leto & Matt Wachter talk about the song's meaning ^  ^ "Stephen Chow's "Kungfu Hustle" salutes to Kubrick's "The Shining" (in Chinese)". 2004-12-12. http://ent.sina.com.cn/m/c/2004-12-19/1603603991.html. Retrieved on 2009-03-28. ^ "Sasha Obama Keeps Seeing Creepy Bush Twins While Riding Tricycle Through White House", The Onion, 2009-02-23, http://www.theonion.com/content/news/sasha_obama_keeps_seeing_creepy?utm_source=a-section  External links Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: The Shining (film) The Shining at the Internet Movie Database The Shining at Allmovie The Shining at Box Office Mojo Complete synopsis of the movie Extensive FAQ List of scenes cut from European version Kubrick on The Shining Structural guide introduced by Boing Boing [show]v • d • eStephen King bibliography Novels Carrie (1974) · 'Salem's Lot (1975) · The Shining (1977) · The Stand (1978) · The Dead Zone (1979) · Firestarter (1980) · Cujo (1981) · Christine (1983) · Pet Sematary (1983) · Cycle of the Werewolf (1983) · The Talisman (1984; with Peter Straub) · It (1986) · The Eyes of the Dragon (1987) · Misery (1987) · The Tommyknockers (1987) · The Dark Half (1989) · Needful Things (1991) · Gerald's Game (1992) · Dolores Claiborne (1992) · Insomnia (1994) · Rose Madder (1995) · The Green Mile (1996) · Desperation (1996) · Bag of Bones (1998) · The Girl Who Loved Tom Gordon (1999) · Dreamcatcher (2001) · Black House (2001; with Peter Straub) · From a Buick 8 (2002) · The Colorado Kid (2005) · Cell (2006) · Lisey's Story (2006) · Duma Key (2008) · Under the Dome (2009) The Dark Tower series The Gunslinger (1982) · The Drawing of the Three (1987) · The Waste Lands (1991) · Wizard and Glass (1997) · Wolves of the Calla (2003) · Song of Susannah (2004) · The Dark Tower (2004) Richard Bachman novels Rage (1977) · The Long Walk (1979) · Roadwork (1981) · The Running Man (1982) · Thinner (1984) · The Bachman Books (1985) · The Regulators (1996) · Blaze (2007) Short fiction collections Night Shift (1978) · Different Seasons (1982) · Skeleton Crew (1985) · Four Past Midnight (1990) · Nightmares & Dreamscapes (1993) · Hearts in Atlantis (1999) · Everything's Eventual (2002) · Just After Sunset (2008) Non-fiction Danse Macabre (1981) · Nightmares in the Sky (1988) · On Writing (2000) · Secret Windows (2000) · Faithful (2004; with Stewart O'Nan) E-books Riding the Bullet (2000) · The Plant (2000; unfinished) · Ur (2009) Film adaptations Carrie (1976) · The Shining (1980) · Cujo (1983) · The Dead Zone (1983) · Christine (1983) · Firestarter (1984) · The Running Man (1987) · Pet Sematary (1989) · Misery (1990) · The Dark Half (1993) · Needful Things (1993) · Dolores Claiborne (1995) · Thinner (1996) · The Green Mile (1999) · Dreamcatcher (2003) Screenplays Creepshow (1982) · Cat's Eye (1985) · Silver Bullet (1985) · Maximum Overdrive (1986; also director) · Pet Sematary (1989) · Sleepwalkers (1992) Teleplays Sorry, Right Number (1988) · Golden Years (1991) · The Stand (1994) · The Shining (1997) · Chinga (1998; with Chris Carter) · Storm of the Century (1999) · Rose Red (2002) · Kingdom Hospital (2004) · Desperation (2006) Stage plays Ghost Brothers of Darkland County (2007; with John Mellencamp) The Dark Tower comic series The Gunslinger Born (2007) · The Long Road Home (2008) · Treachery (2008) · The Sorcerer (2009) · The Fall of Gilead (2009) The Stand comic series Captain Trips (2008) · American Nightmares (2009) Related articles Tabitha King · Naomi King · Joe Hill · Owen King · Bryan Smith · Peter Straub · Rock-Bottom Remainders · Dollar Baby · Media based on Stephen King works · Jerusalem's Lot · Castle Rock, Maine · Derry, Maine · The Diary of Ellen Rimbauer: My Life at Rose Red [show]v • d • eFilms directed by Stanley Kubrick Short films Day of the Fight (1951) • Flying Padre (1951) • The Seafarers (1953) 1950s Fear and Desire (1953) • Killer's Kiss (1955) • The Killing (1956) • Paths of Glory (1957) 1960s Spartacus (1960) • Lolita (1962) • Dr. Strangelove (1964) • 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) 1970s A Clockwork Orange (1971) • Barry Lyndon (1975) 1980s The Shining (1980) • Full Metal Jacket (1987) 1990s Eyes Wide Shut (1999) Related articles World Assembly of Youth • A.I. Artificial Intelligence (2001) • Stanley Kubrick: A Life in Pictures (2001) • Colour Me Kubrick (2006) • Stanley Kubrick's Boxes (2008) Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Shining_(film)" Categories: 1980 films | 1980s horror films | American films | British films | English-language films | Films about alcoholism | Films based on horror novels | Films set in Colorado | Films based on Stephen King's works | Films directed by Stanley Kubrick | Haunted house films | Films set in hotels | Warner Bros. films | Pinewood films
227's YouTube "Chili" - STOMP THE YARD (BLACK COLLEGE STEP SHOW MOVIE) Starring Columbus Short, Meagan Good, Ne-Yo, Darrin Henson, Chris Brown, Brian White, Las Alonso, Valerie Pettiford & Harry Lennix (NBA Mix)!
Beyonce * Maxwell * Mario ft. Gucci Mane & sean Garrett * Drake ft. Lil Wayne * Ginuwine * Fabolous Featuring The-Dream * Keyshia Cole Duet With Monica * Jay-Z, Rihanna & Kanye West * Gucci Mane Featuring Plies * Mary Mary Featuring Kierra "KiKi" Sheard * Ice Cream Paint Job * Pleasure P * Mariah Carey * Trey Songz * Trey Songz Featuring Gucci Mane & Soulja Boy Tell'em * R. Kelly Featuring Keri Hilson * K'Jon * Young Money * Twista Featuring Erika Shevon * Yo Gotti * New Boyz * Jeremih * Keri Hilson Featuring Kanye West & Ne-Yo * Musiq Soulchild * Whitney Houston * Anthony Hamilton * Charlie Wilson * Chrisette Michele * Jamie Foxx Featuring T-Pain * Plies * LeToya Featuring Ludacris * Mary J. Blige Featuring Drake * Mullage * Charlie Wilson * Jamie Foxx Featuring Drake, Kanye West + The-Dream * Jamie Foxx Featuring Drake, Kanye West + The-Dream * Jeremih * Mishon * Jennifer Hudson * Clipse Featuring Pharrell Williams * Kid Cudi Featuring Kanye West & Common * Raphael Saadiq Featuring Stevie Wonder & CJ * Anthony Hamilton Featuring David Banner * Jazmine Sullivan * Trey Songz Featuring Drake * F.L.Y. (Fast Life Yungstaz) * Laura Izibor
Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Chili")!
Beyonce * Shakira * Jordin Sparks * Mariah Carey * New Boyz * Jason DeRulo * Mario ft. Gucci Mane & Sean Garrett * Katy Perry * The Black Eyed Peas * Colby Caillat * Fabolous ft. The Dream * Jason Aldean * Daughtry * Lady Gaga * Michael Franti & Spearhead Featuring Cherine Anderson * Boys Like Girls * Flo Rida Featuring Ne-Yo * Dorrough * Green Day * Linkin Park * Pink * Justin Bieber * Rob Thomas * Maxwell * Jason Mraz * Young Money * The Fray * Rascal Flatts * Zac Brown Band * Shinedown * Disney's Friends For Change * Toby Keith * Darius Rucker * Cascada * Billy Currington * Justin Moore * Kid Cudi Featuring Kanye West & Common * Keith Urban * Randy Houser * Drake Featuring Lil Wayne * Jeremih * Pearl Jam * Kelly Clarkson * George Strait * LMFAO * Twista Featuring Erika Shevon * Uncle Kracker * Eric Church * Jack Ingram * Love And Theft * Parachute * Chris Young * Theory Of A Deadman * Tim McGraw * Sean Paul * Gloriana * Creed * Ginuwine * Keyshia Cole Duet With Monica * Blake Shelton * Iyaz
2009 NCAA Basketball Tournament! List of NCAA Division 1 Teams & Coaches at 227!
America East Conference Albany - Will Brown Binghamton - Kevin Broadus Boston University - Dennis Wolff Hartford - Dan Leibovitz Maine - Ted Woodward New Hampshire - Bill Herrion Stony Brook - Steve Pikiell UMBC - Randy Monroe Vermont - Mike Lonergan 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! America East Conference
Atlantic 10 Conference Charlotte - Bobby Lutz Dayton - Brian Gregory Duquesne - Ron Everhart Fordham - Dereck Whittenburg George Washington - Karl Hobbs La Salle - John Giannini Rhode Island - Jim Baron Richmond - Chris Mooney St. Bonaventure - Mark Schmidt Saint Joseph's - Phil Martelli Saint Louis - Rick Majerus Temple - Fran Dunphy UMass - Derek Kellogg Xavier - Sean Miller 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic 10 Conference
Atlantic Coast Conference Boston College - Al Skinner Clemson - Oliver Purnell Duke - Mike Krzyzewski Florida State - Leonard Hamilton Georgia Tech - Paul Hewitt Maryland - Gary Williams Miami (Florida) - Frank Haith North Carolina - Roy Williams North Carolina State - Sidney Lowe Virginia - Dave Leitao Virginia Tech - Seth Greenberg Wake Forest - Dino Gaudio 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic Coast Conference
Atlantic Sun Conference Belmont - Rick Byrd Campbell - Robbie Laing East Tennessee State - Murry Bartow Florida Gulf Coast - Dave Balza Jacksonville - Cliff Warren Kennesaw State - Tony Ingle Lipscomb - Scott Sanderson Mercer - Bob Hoffman North Florida - Matt Kilcullen Stetson - Derek Waugh USC Upstate - Eddie Payne 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic Sun Conference
Big 12 Conference Baylor - Scott Drew Colorado - Jeff Bzdelik Iowa State - Greg McDermott Kansas - Bill Self Kansas State - Frank Martin Missouri - Mike Anderson Nebraska - Doc Sadler Oklahoma - Jeff Capel III Oklahoma State - Travis Ford Texas - Rick Barnes Texas A&M - Mark Turgeon Texas Tech - Pat Knight 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big 12 Conference
Big East Conference Cincinnati - Mick Cronin Connecticut - Jim Calhoun DePaul - Jerry Wainwright Georgetown - John Thompson III Louisville - Rick Pitino Marquette - Buzz Williams Notre Dame - Mike Brey Pittsburgh - Jamie Dixon Providence - Keno Davis Rutgers - Fred Hill St. John's - Norm Roberts Seton Hall - Bobby Gonzalez South Florida - Stan Heath Syracuse - Jim Boeheim Villanova - Jay Wright West Virginia - Bobby Huggins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big East Conference
Big Sky Conference Eastern Washington - Kirk Earlywine Idaho State - Joe O'Brien Montana - Wayne Tinkle Montana State - Brad Huse Northern Arizona - Mike Adras Northern Colorado - Tad Boyle Portland State - Ken Bone Sacramento State - Brian Katz Weber State - Randy Rahe 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big Sky Conference
Big South Conference Charleston Southern - Barclay Radebaugh Coastal Carolina - Cliff Ellis Gardner-Webb - Rick Scruggs High Point - Bart Lundy Liberty - Ritchie McKay Presbyterian - Gregg Nibert Radford - Brad Greenberg UNC-Asheville - Eddie Biedenbach VMI - Duggar Baucom Winthrop - Randy Peele 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big South Conference
Big Ten Conference Illinois - Bruce Weber Indiana - Tom Crean Iowa - Todd Lickliter Michigan - John Beilein Michigan State - Tom Izzo Minnesota - Tubby Smith Northwestern - Bill Carmody Ohio State - Thad Matta Penn State - Ed DeChellis Purdue - Matt Painter Wisconsin - Bo Ryan 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big Ten Conference
Big West Conference Cal Poly - Kevin Bromley Cal State Fullerton - Bob Burton Cal State Northridge - Bobby Braswell Long Beach State - Dan Monson Pacific - Bob Thomason UC Davis - Gary Stewart UC Irvine - Pat Douglass UC Riverside - Jim Wooldridge UC Santa Barbara - Bob Williams 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big West Conference
Colonial Athletic Association Delaware - Monte Ross Drexel - Bruiser Flint George Mason - Jim Larranaga Georgia State - Rod Barnes Hofstra - Tom Pecora James Madison - Matt Brady Northeastern - Bill Coen Old Dominion - Blaine Taylor Towson - Pat Kennedy UNC-Wilmington - Benny Moss Virginia Commonwealth - Anthony Grant William & Mary - Tony Shaver 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Colonial Athletic Association
Conference USA East Carolina - Mack McCarthy Houston - Tom Penders Marshall - Donnie Jones Memphis - John Calipari Rice - Ben Braun Southern Methodist - Matt Doherty Southern Mississippi - Larry Eustachy Tulane - Dave Dickerson Tulsa - Doug Wojcik UAB - Mike Davis UCF - Kirk Speraw UTEP - Tony Barbee 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Conference USA
Horizon League - Butler - Brad Stevens Cleveland State - Gary Waters Detroit - Ray McCallum Loyola (Chicago) - Jim Whitesell UIC - Jimmy Collins UW-Green Bay - Tod Kowalczyk UW-Milwaukee - Rob Jeter Valparaiso - Homer Drew Wright State - Brad Brownell Youngstown State - Jerry Slocum 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Horizon League
Independents Bryant - Tim O'Shea Cal State Bakersfield - Keith Brown Chicago State - Benjy Taylor Houston Baptist - Ron Cottrell Longwood - Mike Gillian New Jersey Institute of Technology - Jim Engles North Carolina Central - Henry Dickerson Savannah State - Horace Broadnax SIU-Edwardsville - Lennox Forrester Texas-Pan American - Tom Schuberth Utah Valley - Dick Hunsaker 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! NCAA Division I independent schools (basketball)
Ivy League Brown - Jesse Agel Columbia - Joe Jones Cornell - Steve Donahue Dartmouth - Terry Dunn Harvard - Tommy Amaker Penn - Glen Miller Princeton - Sydney Johnson Yale - James Jones 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Ivy League
Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference Canisius - Tom Parrotta Fairfield - Ed Cooley Iona - Kevin Willard Loyola (Maryland) - Jimmy Patsos Manhattan - Barry Rohrssen Marist - Chuck Martin Niagara - Joe Mihalich Rider - Tommy Dempsey St. Peter's - John Dunne Siena - Fran McCaffery 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-American Conference
Mid-American Conference Akron – Keith Dambrot Ball State – Billy Taylor Bowling Green – Louis Orr Buffalo – Reggie Witherspoon Central Michigan – Ernie Ziegler Eastern Michigan – Charles Ramsey Kent State – Geno Ford Miami – Charlie Coles Northern Illinois – Ricardo Patton Ohio – John Groce Toledo – Gene Cross Western Michigan – Steve Hawkins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-American Conference
Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference Bethune-Cookman - Clifford Reed Coppin State - Ron Mitchell Delaware State - Greg Jackson Florida A&M - Mike Gillespie Hampton - Kevin Nickelberry Howard - Gil Jackson Maryland-Eastern Shore - Meredith Smith Morgan State - Todd Bozeman Norfolk State - Anthony Evans North Carolina A&T - Jerry Eaves South Carolina State - Tim Carter Winston-Salem State - Bobby Collins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference
Missouri Valley Conference Bradley - Jim Les Creighton - Dana Altman Drake - Mark Phelps Evansville - Marty Simmons Illinois State - Tim Jankovich Indiana State - Kevin McKenna Missouri State - Cuonzo Martin Northern Iowa - Ben Jacobson Southern Illinois - Chris Lowery Wichita State - Gregg Marshall 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Missouri Valley Conference
Mountain West Conference Air Force - Jeff Reynolds Brigham Young - Dave Rose Colorado State - Tim Miles New Mexico - Steve Alford San Diego State - Steve Fisher Texas Christian - Neil Dougherty UNLV - Lon Kruger Utah - Jim Boylen Wyoming - Heath Schroyer 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mountain West Conference
Northeast Conference Central Connecticut State - Howie Dickenman Fairleigh Dickinson - Tom Green LIU-Brooklyn - Jim Ferry Monmouth - Dave Calloway Mount St. Mary's - Milan Brown Quinnipiac - Tom Moore Robert Morris - Mike Rice Jr. Sacred Heart - Dave Bike St. Francis (PA) - Don Friday St. Francis (NY) - Brian Nash Wagner - Mike Deane 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Northeast Conference
Ohio Valley Conference Austin Peay - Dave Loos Eastern Illinois - Mike Miller Eastern Kentucky - Jeff Neubauer Jacksonville State - James Green Morehead State - Donnie Tyndall Murray State - Billy Kennedy Southeast Missouri - Zac Roman Tennessee-Martin - Bret Campbell Tennessee State - Cy Alexander Tennessee Tech - Mike Sutton 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Ohio Valley Conference
Pacific-10 Conference Arizona - Russ Pennell Arizona State - Herb Sendek California - Mike Montgomery Oregon - Ernie Kent Oregon State - Craig Robinson Stanford - Johnny Dawkins UCLA - Ben Howland USC - Tim Floyd Washington - Lorenzo Romar Washington State - Tony Bennett 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Pacific-10 Conference
Patriot League American - Jeff Jones Army - Jim Crews Bucknell - Dave Paulsen Colgate - Emmett Davis Holy Cross - Ralph Willard Lafayette - Fran O'Hanlon Lehigh - Brett Reed Navy - Billy Lange 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Patriot League
Southeastern Conference Alabama - Philip Pearson Arkansas - John Pelphrey Auburn - Jeff Lebo Florida - Billy Donovan Georgia - Pete Herrmann Kentucky - Billy Gillispie LSU - Trent Johnson Mississippi - Andy Kennedy Mississippi State - Rick Stansbury South Carolina - Darrin Horn Tennessee - Bruce Pearl Vanderbilt - Kevin Stallings 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southeastern Conference
Southern Conference Appalachian State - Houston Fancher Chattanooga - John Shulman The Citadel - Ed Conroy College of Charleston - Bobby Cremins Davidson - Bob McKillop Elon - Ernie Nestor Furman - Jeff Jackson Georgia Southern - Jeff Price Samford - Jimmy Tillette UNC-Greensboro - Mike Dement Western Carolina - Larry Hunter Wofford - Mike Young 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southern Conference
Southland Conference Central Arkansas - Rand Chappell Lamar - Steve Roccaforte McNeese State - Dave Simmons Nicholls State - J. P. Piper Northwestern State - Mike McConathy Sam Houston State - Bob Marlin Southeastern Louisiana - Jim Yarbrough Stephen F. Austin - Danny Kaspar Texas A&M-Corpus Christi - Perry Clark Texas-Arlington - Scott Cross Texas-San Antonio - Brooks Thompson Texas State - Doug Davalos 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southland Conference
Southwestern Athletic Conference Alabama A&M - L. Vann Pettaway Alabama State - Lewis Jackson Alcorn State - Samuel West Arkansas-Pine Bluff - George Ivory Grambling State - Larry Wright Jackson State - Tevester Anderson Mississippi Valley State - Sean Woods Prairie View A&M - Byron Rimm II Southern - Rob Spivery Texas Southern - Tony Harvey 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southwestern Athletic Conference
The Summit League Centenary - Greg Gary IPFW - Dane Fife IUPUI - Ron Hunter North Dakota State - Saul Phillips Oakland - Greg Kampe Oral Roberts - Scott Sutton South Dakota State - Scott Nagy Southern Utah - Roger Reid UMKC - Matt Brown Western Illinois - Derek Thomas 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! The Summit League
Sun Belt Conference Arkansas-Little Rock - Steve Shields Arkansas State - Dickey Nutt Denver - Joe Scott Florida Atlantic - Mike Jarvis Florida International - Sergio Rouco Louisiana-Lafayette - Robert Lee Louisiana-Monroe - Orlando Early Middle Tennessee - Kermit Davis New Orleans - Joe Pasternack North Texas - Johnny Jones South Alabama - Ronnie Arrow Troy - Don Maestri Western Kentucky - Ken McDonald 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Sun Belt Conference
West Coast Conference Gonzaga - Mark Few Loyola Marymount - Rodney Tention Pepperdine - Vance Walberg Portland - Eric Reveno Saint Mary's - Randy Bennett San Diego - Bill Grier San Francisco - Rex Walters Santa Clara - Kerry Keating 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! West Coast Conference
Western Athletic Conference Boise State - Greg Graham Fresno State - Steve Cleveland Hawai?i - Bob Nash Idaho - Don Verlin Louisiana Tech - Kerry Rupp Nevada - Mark Fox New Mexico State - Marvin Menzies San Jose State - George Nessman Utah State - Stew Morrill 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Western Athletic Conference
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Jamaal Al-Din, a native of Grand Rapids, Michigan and former leading scorer of Olympic Basketball and LSU great, Ed Palubinskas brings to you Michigan State University's and the NBA's Earvin "Magic" Johnson at 227's YouTube "MAGIC!" provided by Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227-the everything basketball website, featuring YouTube Videos and Wikipedia information on the legendary Earvin "Magic" Johnson, The Magic Johnson Foundation, Magic Johnson Enterprises, and everything including the magical phrase..."MAGIC!" 227's YouTube "MAGIC!"
As we look to expand basketball marketing, camps and clinics nationally, our basketball affiliate programs are scheduled to begin in March of 2008. Our affiliates, exciting, take a look at this list: ebay, StubHub.com, Yahoo Affiliate Program!, TickCo Premium Seating, RazorGator Affiliate Program, SightSell, VistaPrint.com, Pokeorder and WeHaveSeats.com. Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 welcomes our affiliate partners for 2008. Among the items offered our NCAA & NBA basketball tickets both premium and discounted rates. Basketball shoes and apparel for kids, fans, players and coaches ranging from Air Jordans, LeBron James, NIKE, Adidas, AND1, hats, collectibles and memoralbilia! Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- The everything basketball website!
?227's YouTube "Chili" features these exciting YouTube music and entertainment celebrities...click onto to these 227 YouTube "Chili" links, channels and articles for the most watched YouTube hip-hop music videos in the world!
Sean Kingston, Justin Timberlake, M.I.A'"Paper Planes!" , Timbaland, 50 Cent, P-Diddy, Kanye West. Rihanna, Chris Brown, T.I.-"Big Things Poppin!" , Rihanna- Hate That I Love You (over 29 million views on YouTube)!, Leona Lewis, Soulja Boy, Britney Spears, Alicia Keys, Avril Lavigne, Alicia Keys- No One, Akon, NE-YO, LL Cool J, Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, Dmx, Jay-z, The Notorious B.I.G, 2PAC, Will Smith, Jonas Brothers, Pink "So What!" , Jordin Sparks feta. Chris Brown- "No Air" Official Music Video-over 33 million views on YouTube!), Lil Jon- get low music movie, Ludacris, Ice Cube, Flo Rida feat. T.Pain Music from the Movie Step Up 2 "Low," Chris Brown*Chris Brown feat. T.Pain- Kiss Kiss (over 51 million views on YouTube)!, Chris Brown-"With You," Chris Brown feat. Lil' Wayne (over 56 million views on YouTube!, Chris Brown "YO," Chris Brown-Run It, Chris Brown- Forever, Wu Tang Clan, The Fugees, Jordin Sparks-Tattoo, Rhianna- Cry, Rihanna- unfaithful, Rhianna- Umbrella (over 43 million views on YouTube/You Tube)!, Ashanti, Fergie Fergalicious, Fergie- Clumsy!, Rhianna- Dont' Stop The Music (over 62 million views on YouTube), Avril Lavign- Girlfriend (over 92 million views on YouTube)!, Clay Aiken, Akon, Christina Aguilera-Hurt, Clay Aiken-On My Way Here, All-American Rejects, All-American Rejects-Move Along, All-American Rejects-It Ends Tonight, Ashley Parker Angel, Michael Jackson ("Thriller"), Backstreet Boys, Augustana, Natasha Bedingfeild, Michael Jackson, Natasha Bedingfield feat. Sean Kingston-Love Like This, Natasha Bedingfield-Pocketful of Sunshine and lots more at 227's YouTube Chili!!! Your source for the world's most watched YouTube Music Videos at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!
Also: Jesse McCartney, Ray J,Usher,Elliott Yamin,Jonas Brothers,Fergie,Taylor Swift, Nelly Furtado, Jennifer Lopez, Flyleaf,Maroon 5,Kanye West,Keyshia Cole, The Pussycat Dolls,Colby O'Donis,Ashanti,R. Kelly,Girlicious, Colbi Calliat, Boy George,Mario,Three Days Grace,Beyonce', Gorillaz,Carrie Underwood,3 Doors Down,Finger Eleven, Ginuwine,Baby Bash,Kid Rock,Joe, Gwen Steffani, Billy Ray Cyrus, Danity Kane, Janel Parrish, Ciara, NLT, Fall Out Boy, Josh Turner, Fantasia and more!