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Africa From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For other uses, see Africa (disambiguation). Africa

Area 30,221,532 km² (11,668,598.7 sq mi) Population 922,011,000[1] (2005, 2nd) Density 30.51/km² (about 80/sq mi) Countries 53[show] Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Côte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda São Tomé and Príncipe Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Togo Tunisia Dependencies 7 Mayotte Réunion Canary Islands Ceuta Madeira Islands Melilla Saint Helena Demonym African

Languages African Languages and many others Time Zones UTC-1 (Cape Verde) to UTC+4 (Mauritius) Africa is the world's second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. At about 30.2 million km² (11.7 million sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4% of the total land area.[2] Africa has about 922 million people (as of 2005)[3] in 61 territories, Africa accounts for about 14.2% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. There are 53 countries, including Madagascar and all the island groups. 

Atlanta, GA  *  Boston, MA  *  Charlotte, NC  *  Chicago, IL  *  Cleveland, OH  *  Dallas, TX  *  Denver, CO  *  Detroit, MI  *  Oakland, CA  *  Houston, TX  *  Indianapolis, IN  *  Los Angeles, CA  *  Memphis, TN  * Miami, FL  *  Milwaukee, WI  *  Minneapolis, MN  *  East Rutherford, NJ  *  New Orleans, LA  *  New York, NY  *  Orlando, FL  *  Philadelphia, PA  *  Phoenix, AZ  *  Portland, OR  *  Sacramento, CA  *  San Antonio, TX  *  Oklahoma City, OK  *  Toronto, Canada  *  Salt Lake City, UT  *  Washington, D.C.

Africa, particularly central eastern Africa, is widely regarded within the scientific community to be the origin of humans and the Hominidae tree (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their possible ancestors, as well as later ones that have been dated to around seven million years ago – including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster – with the earliest Homo sapiens (human) found in Ethiopia being dated to ca. 200,000 years ago.[4]


Africa straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas; it is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones.[5] Because of the lack of natural regular precipitation and irrigation as well as glaciers or mountain aquifer systems, there is no natural moderating effect on the climate except near the coasts.

Contents 1 Etymology 2 Geography 2.1 Climate, fauna, and flora 3 History 3.1 Early civilizations in Northern Africa 3.2 Early history 3.3 9th - 18th century 3.4 19th century - Colonial period 3.5 Pre-colonial exploration 3.6 Colonialism and the "scramble for Africa" 3.7 Post-colonial Africa 4 Politics 4.1 Country name changes 5 Economy 6 Demographics 7 Languages 8 Culture 8.1 Music and dance 8.2 Legends of Africa 8.3 Sports 8.4 Religion 9 Territories and regions 10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 13 Bibliography 14 External links

Etymology Afri was the name of several peoples who dwelt in North Africa near Carthage. Their name is usually connected with Phoenician afar, "dust", but a 1981 theory[6] has asserted that it stems from a Berber word ifri meaning "cave", in reference to cave dwellers. In Roman times, Carthage became the capital of Africa Province, which also included the coastal part of modern Libya. The Roman suffix "-ca" denotes "country or land".[7] The later Muslim kingdom of Ifriqiya, modern-day Tunisia, also preserved a form of the name. Other etymologies that have been postulated for the ancient name "Africa": the 1st century Jewish historian Flavius Josephus (Ant. 1.15) asserted that it was named for Epher, grandson of Abraham according to Gen. 25:4, whose descendants, he claimed, had invaded Libya. the Latin word aprica, meaning "sunny", mentioned by Isidore of Seville (sixth century) in Etymologiae XIV.5.2 the Greek word aphrike, meaning "without cold." This was proposed by historian Leo Africanus (1488–1554), who suggested the Greek word phrike (φρίκη, meaning "cold and horror"), combined with the privative prefix "a-", thus indicating a land free of cold and horror. Massey, in 1881, derived an etymology from the Egyptian af-rui-ka, "to turn toward the opening of the Ka." The Ka is the energetic double of every person and "opening of the Ka" refers to a womb or birthplace. Africa would be, for the Egyptians, "the birthplace."[8] The Irish female name Aifric is sometimes Anglicised as Africa, but the personal name is unrelated to the geonym.

Geography Main article: Geography of Africa A composite satellite image of AfricaAfrica is the largest of the three great southward projections from the main mass of the Earth's exposed surface. Separated from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea, it is joined to Asia at its northeast extremity by the Isthmus of Suez (transected by the Suez Canal), 163 km (101 miles) wide.[9] (Geopolitically, Egypt's Sinai Peninsula east of the Suez Canal is often considered part of Africa, as well. [10] [11]) From the most northerly point, Ras ben Sakka in Tunisia (37°21' N), to the most southerly point, Cape Agulhas in South Africa (34°51'15" S), is a distance of approximately 8,000 km (5,000 miles);[12] from Cape Verde, 17°33'22" W, the westernmost point, to Ras Hafun in Somalia, 51°27'52" E, the most easterly projection, is a distance of approximately 7,400 km (4,600 miles).[13] The coastline is 26,000 km (16,100 miles) long, and the absence of deep indentations of the shore is illustrated by the fact that Europe, which covers only 10,400,000 km² (4,010,000 square miles) – about a third of the surface of Africa – has a coastline of 32,000 km (19,800 miles).[13]

Africa's largest country is Sudan, and its smallest country is the Seychelles, an archipelago off the east coast.[14] The smallest nation on the continental mainland is The Gambia. According to the ancient Romans, Africa lay to the west of Egypt, while "Asia" was used to refer to Anatolia and lands to the east. A definite line was drawn between the two continents by the geographer Ptolemy (85–165 AD), indicating Alexandria along the Prime Meridian and making the isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea the boundary between Asia and Africa. As Europeans came to understand the real extent of the continent, the idea of Africa expanded with their knowledge. Climate, fauna, and flora The climate of Africa ranges from tropical to subarctic on its highest peaks. Its northern half is primarily desert or arid, while its central and southern areas contain both savanna plains and very dense jungle (rainforest) regions. In between, there is a convergence where vegetation patterns such as sahel, and steppe dominate. Africa boasts perhaps the world's largest combination of density and "range of freedom" of wild animal populations and diversity, with wild populations of large carnivores (such as lions, hyenas, and cheetahs) and herbivores (such as buffalo, deer, elephants, camels, and giraffes) ranging freely on primarily open non-private plains. It is also home to a variety of jungle creatures (including snakes and primates) and aquatic life (including crocodiles and amphibians)(see also: Fauna of Africa).

History Main articles: History of Africa and African empires 1890 map of Africa Dancers and Flutists, with an Egyptian hieroglyphic story.Africa is considered by most paleoanthropologists to be the oldest inhabited territory on Earth, with the human species originating from the continent. During the middle of the twentieth century, anthropologists discovered many fossils and evidence of human occupation perhaps as early as 7 million years ago. Fossil remains of several species of early apelike humans thought to have evolved into modern man, such as Australopithecus afarensis (radiometrically dated to approximately 3.9–3.0 million years BC),[15] Paranthropus boisei (c. 2.3–1.4 million BC)[16] and Homo ergaster (c. 600,000–1.9 million BC) have been discovered.[2] The Ishango bone, dated to about 25,000 years ago, shows tallies in mathematical notation. Throughout humanity's prehistory, Africa (like all other continents) had no nation states, and was instead inhabited by groups of hunter-gatherers such as the Khoi and San.[17][18][19] At the end of the Ice Ages, estimated to have been around 10,500 BC, the Sahara had again become a green fertile valley, and its African populations returned from the interior and coastal highlands in Sub-Saharan Africa[citation needed]. However, the warming and drying climate meant that by 5000 BC the Sahara region was becoming increasingly dry and hostile. The population trekked out of the Sahara region towards the Nile Valley below the Second Cataract where they made permanent or semi-permanent settlements. A major climatic recession occurred, lessening the heavy and persistent rains in Central and Eastern Africa. Since this time dry conditions have prevailed in Eastern Africa, and increasingly during the last 200 years, in Ethiopia.

The domestication of cattle in Africa preceded agriculture and seems to have existed alongside hunter-gathering cultures. It is speculated that by 6000 BC cattle were already domesticated in North Africa.[20] In the Sahara-Nile complex, people domesticated many animals including the pack ass, and a small screw horned goat which was common from Algeria to Nubia. The first known example of the domestication of plants for agricultural purposes on the continent occurred in the Sahel region circa 5000 BC, when sorghum and African rice began to be cultivated. Around this time, and in the same region, the guinea fowl became domesticated. In the year 4000 BC the climate of the Sahara started to become drier at an exceedingly fast pace.[21] This climate change caused lakes and rivers to shrink significantly and caused increasing desertification. This, in turn, decreased the amount of land conducive to settlements and helped to cause migrations of farming communities to the more tropical climate of West Africa.[21] Pyramids of Giza.By 3000 BC agriculture had arisen independently in both the tropical portions of West Africa, where African yams and oil palms were domesticated, and in Ethiopia, where coffee and teff became domesticated. No animals were independently domesticated in these regions, although domestication did spread there from the Sahel and Nile regions.[22] Agricultural crops were also adopted from other regions around this time as pearl millet, cowpea, groundnut, cotton, watermelon and bottle gourds began to be grown agriculturally in both West Africa and the Sahel Region while finger millet, peas, lentil and flax took hold in Ethiopia.[23]

In this period the international phenomenon known as the Beaker culture began to impact upon western North Africa. Named for the distinctively shaped grave ceramics, the Beaker culture is associated with the emergence of a warrior mentality. North African rock art of this period largely depicts animals, but also places a new emphasis on the human figure, equipped with weapons and adornments. People from the Great Lakes Region of Africa settled along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea to become the proto-Canaanites who dominated the lowlands between the Jordan River, the Mediterranean and the Sinai Desert. The Bantu expansion was a millennia-long series of migrations of the original proto-Bantu language group. By the first millennium BC ironworking had been introduced in Northern Africa and quickly spread across the Sahara into the northern parts of sub-Saharan Africa[24] and by 500 BC metalworking began to become commonplace in West Africa. Ironworking was fully established by roughly 500 BC in many areas of East and West Africa, although other regions didn't begin ironworking until the early centuries AD. Copper objects from Egypt, North Africa, Nubia and Ethiopia dating from around 500 BC have been excavated in West Africa, suggesting that trans-saharan trade networks had been established by this date.[21]

Early civilizations in Northern Africa Colossal statues of Ramesses II at Abu Simbel, Egypt, date from around 1400 BC.At about 3300 BC, the historical record opens in Africa with the rise of literacy in the Pharaonic civilisation of Ancient Egypt. One of the world's earliest and longest-lasting civilizations, the Egyptian state continued, with varying levels of influence over other areas, until 343 BC.[25][26] Egyptian influence reached deep into modern-day Libya, north to Crete and Palestine, and south to the kingdoms of Aksum and Nubia. An independent centre of civilisation with trading links to Phoenicia was established on the north-west African coast at Carthage.[27][28] Following the conquest of North Africa's Mediterranean coastline by the Roman Empire, the area was integrated economically and culturally into the Roman system. Roman settlement occurred in modern Tunisia and elsewhere along the coast. Christianity spread across these areas from Palestine via Egypt, also passing south, beyond the borders of the Roman world into Nubia and by at least the 6th century into Ethiopia. In the early seventh century, the newly formed Arabian Islamic Caliphate expanded into Egypt, and then into North Africa. In a short while the local Berber elite had been integrated into Muslim Arab tribes. When the Ummayad capital Damascus fell in the eight century, the Islamic center of the Mediterranean shifted from Syria to Qayrawan in North Africa. Islamic North Africa had become diverse, and a hub for mystics, scholars, jurists and philosophers. During the above mentioned period, Islam spread to sub-Saharan Africa, mainly through trade routes and migration.[29]

Early history Lucy, an Australopithecus afarensis skeleton discovered on November 24, 1974 in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia's Afar Depression. 1000- to 2000-year-old San-paintings near Murewa, Zimbabwe.The eastern region of sub-Saharan Africa is the scientifically agreed-upon location of the origin of modern humans ~200,000 years ago. For, although Ethiopia is sometimes described as Northeast African due to its historical ties with this region, it is technically below the Sahara (i.e. it is sub-Saharan). Notably, modern humans are now thought to have exited sub-Saharan Africa ~60,000 years ago by way of the Horn of Africa rather than through Northeast Africa/Egypt. Furthermore, those who remained in sub-Saharan Africa also likely spread out during this time to populate other regions of the continent (Tishkoff, 2006). For example, the click speakers (Khoisan), most of whom are currently located in the desert regions of southern Africa, are thought to have once occupied East Africa in large numbers.[30] In addition, due to what is called the Sahara pump theory effect, those who migrated north and westward from East Africa likely did so because the animals that they hunted had gradually spread into the cyclically fertile regions of the Sahara. Humans therefore occupied this region when it was livable. During these times, there was abundant food and water such that population numbers soared. However, during the Sahara's dry cycles (which, like the wet cycles, lasted thousands of years), its occupants were gradually forced to abandon the area by migrating either northward towards the Mediterranean, or southward towards sub-Saharan Africa.

It is postulated that those innovative individuals who held on, spending generations in the marginally desertifying regions of the Sahara (i.e. the Sahel), may have developed adaptations to both the heat as well as the reflection of the intense African UV light against the region's light colored sands (which amplifies the effect of the light/radiation in a way analogous to a mirror or water) (Kingdon, 1997). First, their bodies became elongated and thin so that heat could easily escape. In addition, their skin color became extremely dark brown compared to their relatively light brown counterparts among the click speakers of East and Southern Africa. In fact, to this day, the Sahel region contains some of the tallest and darkest skinned people on earth. Some such individuals were eventually forced to leave the Sahel altogether by going south into the initially rainforest-occupied regions of sub-Saharan Africa. In these areas, it was actually disadvantageous to have a long Sahelian body size. In fact, the typical body size was extremely small (i.e. 'pygmy' sized), perhaps in order to ward off the effects of sleeping sickness transmitted by tropical insects. This transition occurred in waves each time the cyclically fertile Sahara pumped people into sub-Saharan Africa by way of its dry spells.

Terra cotta Nok sculpture, 6th century BC – 6th century CE, Nigeria.It is notable that during the latest Saharan dry spell (which started ~5,000 years ago), those who migrated southward brought with them a new way of life that involved agriculture and animal husbandry (Diamond, 1997). These individuals, in order to utilize the land for their crops, cleared much of West Africa of its tropical forests. This caused certain insects that had once inhabited the forest canopy to occupy lower regions where humans dwelled. Such interactions likely led to the spread of malaria, and the accompanying genetic accommodations associated with it, among humans (ex sickle cell anemia) (Tishkoff, 2000). These tall individuals also intermixed with the short original inhabitants of these regions (the results of prior cycles of the Saharan pump) to produce the individuals of intermediate height currently occupying sub-Saharan Africa. Furthermore, the pressure from the desiccating Sahara in the north, in conjunction with growing population numbers due to agriculture, eventually resulted in the relatively recent mass migration of West African (Nigeria/Cameroon) derived Bantu language speakers into the southern and eastern regions of sub-Saharan Africa ~2-3,000 years ago. The advanced technology (and large numbers) of these groups forced the original click speaking occupants of these regions to either move into more marginal areas (such as the Kalahari desert) or intermix with and/or assimilate the lifestyles of the dominant culture (Diamond, 1997).

One of the bronzes found at the town of Igbo-Ukwu, c. 9th century AD.It should also be noted that fertile land is extremely scarce in sub-Saharan Africa relative to other regions (Reader, 1998). This led to intense Bantu competition with the hunter-gathering click speakers. It also likely resulted in the support of relatively small population numbers in this region compared to more fertile areas of the globe. This low population density is likely to have had a direct negative impact upon the degree to which sub-Saharan Africans could organize large numbers of workers and citizens in order to establish 'civilizations' and accompanying monuments/technology analogous to that in other regions. In this sense, the kingdoms and other more organized agricultural ways of life that did occur in this region did so against the odds. Regardless of these limited victories, it is arguable that the resulting overall social and technological 'stagnation' of sub-Saharan Africa relative to other nearby regions may have rendered its occupants very vulnerable to enslavement by more 'advanced' neighboring groups (ex Arabs and Europeans). Furthermore, a lack of the development and technology to attain the material wealth of many of these areas rendered human manpower (i.e. slaves) the biggest commodity to be taken by the victors of war. Thus slavery within Africa was also prevalent following the advent of agriculture. This existing system was later capitalized upon by Arab and European slave traders (although it is arguable that slavery within sub-Saharan Africa was less dehumanizing than in non sub-Saharan African regions). After the Sahara most recently became a desert, it did not present a totally impenetrable barrier for travellers between north and south due to the application of animal husbandry towards carrying water, food, and supplies across the desert. Prior to the introduction of the camel[31] the use of oxen for desert crossing was common, and trade routes followed chains of oases that were strung across the desert. It is thought that the camel was first brought to Egypt after the Persian Empire conquered Egypt in 525 BC, although large herds did not become common enough in North Africa to establish the trans-Saharan trade until the eighth century AD.[32] The Sanhaja Berbers were the first to exploit this.

9th - 18th century Conical tower, Great Zimbabwe.Pre-colonial Africa possessed perhaps as many as 10,000 different states and polities[33] characterised by many different sorts of political organisation and rule. These included small family groups of hunter-gatherers such as the San people of southern Africa; larger, more structured groups such as the family clan groupings of the Bantu-speaking people of central and southern Africa, heavily-structured clan groups in the Horn of Africa, the large Sahelian Kingdoms, and autonomous city-states and kingdoms such as those of the Yoruba and Igbo people (also known as Ibo) in West Africa, and the Swahili coastal trading towns of East Africa. By the 9th century AD a string of dynastic states, including the earliest Hausa states, stretched across the sub-saharan savannah from the western regions to central Sudan.The most powerful of these states were Ghana, Gao, and the Kanem-Bornu Empire. Ghana declined in the 11th century but was succeeded by the Mali Empire which consolidated much of western Sudan in the 13th century. Kanem accepted Islam in the 11th century.

The Songhai Empire, c. 1500.Following the breakup of Mali a local leader named Sonni Ali (1464–1492) founded the Songhai Empire in the region of middle Niger and the western Sudan and took control of the trans-Saharan trade. Sonni Ali seized Timbuktu in 1468 and Jenne in 1473, building his regime on trade revenues and the cooperation of Muslim merchants. His successor Askiya Mohammad Ture (1493–1528) made Islam the official religion, built mosques, and brought Muslim scholars, including al-Maghili (d.1504), the founder of an important tradition of Sudanic African Muslim scholarship, to Gao.[34] By the 11th century some Hausa states - such as Kano, jigawa, Katsina, and Gobir - had developed into walled towns engaging in trade, servicing caravans, and the manufacture of goods. Until the 15th century these small states were on the periphery of the major Sudanic empires of the era, paying tribute to Songhai to the west and Kanem-Borno to the east. In the forested regions of the West African coast, independent kingdoms grew up with little influence from the Muslim north. The Kingdom of Nri of the Igbo was established around the 9th century and was one of the first. It is also one of the oldest Kingdom in modern day Nigeria and was ruled by the Eze Nri. The Nri kingdom is famous for it's elaborate bronzes, found at the town of Igbo Ukwu. The bronzes have been dated from as far back as the 9th century.[35]

Pendant Mask Iyoba, 16th century Benin Empire, Nigeria Metropolitan Museum of Art.The Ife, historically the first of these Yoruba city-states or kingdoms, established government under a priestly oba, (oba means 'king' or 'ruler' in the Yoruba language), called the Ooni of Ife. Ife was noted as a major religious and cultural centre in Africa, and for its unique naturalistic tradition of bronze sculpture. The Ife model of government was adapted at Oyo, where its obas or kings, called the Alaafins of Oyo once controlled a large number of other Yoruba and non Yorubacity states and Kingdoms, the Fon Kingdom of Dahomey was one of the non Yoruba domains under Oyo control. By the 15th century the Oyo Empire had cut off the mother city from the savanna. Yorubaland established an oba Edo or Bini speaking area east of Ife at the beginning of the 14th century. This developed into the Benin Empire. By the 15th century Benin, now in modern day Nigeria (and not to be confused with modern day Republic of Benin) had become an independent trading power with the Oba of Benin as its ruler, blocking Ife's access to the coastal ports. By the late 15th century the Benin City (formerlly called Ibinu, Ubini and Edo) was in contact with Portugal. At its apogee in the 16th and 17th centuries, the Benin Empire encompassed large parts of West Africa, especially towards the coastal areas. Between the seventh and fifteenth centuries, the Arab slave trade emerged, which by the twentieth century would eventually take as many as 18 million slaves from Africa to parts of the Muslim world.[36][37] This was as voluminous as the later Atlantic slave trade.[38] In 1418, the fifth expedition by Chinese admiral Zheng He reached Africa's east coast. The two later Zheng He voyages, the last in 1432, also sailed to East Africa. The Chinese traveled at least as far as Malindi in Kenya. In 1482, the Portuguese established the first of many trading stations along the coast of Ghana at Elmina. The chief commodities dealt in were slaves, gold, ivory and spices. The European discovery of the Americas in 1492 was followed by a great development of the slave trade, which, before the Portuguese era, had been an overland trade almost exclusively,[39] and never confined to any one continent.[40]

19th century - Colonial period In West Africa, the decline of the Atlantic slave trade in the 1820s caused dramatic economic shifts in local polities. The gradual decline of slave-trading, prompted by a lack of demand for slaves in the New World, increasing anti-slavery legislation in Europe and America, and the British navy's increasing presence off the West African coast (see West Africa Squadron), obliged African states to adopt new economies. The largest powers of West Africa: the Asante Confederacy, the Kingdom of Dahomey, and the Oyo Empire, adopted different ways of adapting to the shift. Asante and Dahomey concentrated on the development of "legitimate commerce" in the form of palm oil, cocoa, timber and gold, forming the bedrock of West Africa's modern export trade. The Oyo Empire, unable to adapt, collapsed into civil wars.[41] In Southern Africa was, (centered on modern day Zimbabwe) the ancient civilization of the empire of Great Zimbabwe. This is thought to have had trading routes extending widely across the region. Ashanti yam ceremony, 19th Century by Thomas E. Bowdich.In sum, contemporary sub-Saharan Africans are the descendants of those early modern humans who happened to have remained in the eastern regions of sub-Saharan Africa ~60,000 years ago following the (likely unintentional) migration and isolation of the small group of hunter-gatherers that would go on to populate the rest of the world. Starting in east Africa, the ancestors of this group ultimately went on to populate virtually all habitable regions of the entire continent. It is arguable that those who stayed on the landmass that is now called Africa initially faced less hardship to the extent that they were likely more familiar with their African terrain and fauna than the small group of migrants who were forced to adapt to various new surroundings. However, pre-Holocene (hunter-gatherer) sub-Saharan Africans faced challenges of their own; especially in terms of fluctuating conditions in the Sahara region (see Saharan pump theory).

Furthermore, tens of thousands of years after the small group of migrants out of Africa had multiplied and populated much of the non-African world (i.e. following the advent of the Holocene), people began to establish agriculture as a way of life. The first to accomplish this transition during the Holocene (a time of relative abundance in terms of climate) were the occupants of the Fertile Crescent (i.e. the Middle East). Such behavior in this fertile and easily accessible land gave rise to large concentrations of people living in one area (i.e. civilizations). Hence huge monuments were erected and intricately complex cultural traditions were innovated and recorded. However, when an agricultural tradition became established in sub-Saharan Africa, a region that was, at that time, effectively isolated from the rest of the world due to the desiccated Sahara, it gave rise to relatively less enduring cultural relics. Much of this is because the soil of most of sub-Saharan Africa is fairly sterile relative to that in the Fertile Crescent and elsewhere (Reader, 1998). Therefore, it was difficult to feed the huge concentrations of people needed to establish monuments and exchange/generate innovative ideas that are characteristic of most 'civilizations'.

Notably, it should be acknowledged that when the Sahara was sustainably breached by way of technology (such as travel through the Red Sea, various animal husbandry practices, as well as later by the ships of Europeans), increased exchange occurred among larger concentrations of people (i.e. with first Mediterraneans, then West-Asian Arabs, then Europeans), many sub-Saharan Africans easily fell in step with 'foreign' groups. In this way, Ethiopia (Axum) became an ancient superpower before the birth of Christ. In addition, Sahelian trade centers such as Ghana, Mali and Songhai thrived under the influence of West Asian-derived Islamic groups during the European Dark Ages. Furthermore, within the context of later trade with Europeans, several empires arose (such as those at Oyo and Benin (not to confused with the unrelated modern day Republic of Benin) that were on track to parallel those of these northerners on their own terms had their autonomy been respected. Unfortunately, by the late 1800s, several European countries opted to colonize Africa rather than continue to interact with its inhabitants as independent, self-determining beings. Thus, instead of European technology being gradually incorporated into the cultures of the diverse autonomous African empires over time by way of increased exposure and exchange (as had been more the case in most of the interactions with Mediterraneans and West-Asian Arabs), it was forcefully imposed upon sub-Saharan Africans by way of combat and subordination. This interrupted and/or destroyed the development of these Western-influenced African empires, which may have grown to rival Axum as well as the Arab-influenced Sahelian empires of the Dark Ages in their grandure and complexity.

Pre-colonial exploration In the mid-nineteenth century, European explorers became interested in exploring the heart of the continent and opening the area for trade, mining and other commercial exploitation. In addition, there was a desire to convert the inhabitants to Christianity. The central area of Africa was still largely unknown to Europeans at this time. David Livingstone explored the continent between 1852 and his death in 1873; amongst other claims to fame, he was the first European to see the Victoria Falls. A prime goal for explorers was to locate the source of the River Nile. Expeditions by Burton and Speke (1857–1858) and Speke and Grant (1863) located Lake Tanganyika and Lake Victoria. The latter was eventually proven as the main source of the Nile. With subsequent expeditions by Baker and Stanley, Africa was well explored by the end of the century and this was to lead the way for the colonization which followed. Colonialism and the "scramble for Africa" This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unverifiable material may be challenged and removed. (March 2007) Main article: Colonization of Africa Map showing European territorial claims on the African continent in 1914In the late nineteenth century, the European imperial powers engaged in a major territorial scramble and occupied most of the continent, creating many colonial nation states, and leaving only two independent nations: Liberia, an independent state partly settled by African Americans; and Orthodox Christian Ethiopia (known to Europeans as "Abyssinia"). Colonial rule by Europeans would continue until after the conclusion of World War II, when all colonial states gradually obtained formal independence.

Emperor Haile Selassie resisted the colonization of Ethiopia by the Italians under Benito Mussolini.Colonialism had a destabilising effect on a number of ethnic groups that is still being felt in African politics. Before European influence, national borders were not much of a concern, with Africans generally following the practice of other areas of the world, such as the Arabian Peninsula, where a group's territory was congruent with its military or trade influence. The European insistence of drawing borders around territories to isolate them from those of other colonial powers often had the effect of separating otherwise contiguous political groups, or forcing traditional enemies to live side by side with no buffer between them. For example, although the Congo River appears to be a natural geographic boundary, there were groups that otherwise shared a language, culture or other similarity living on both sides. The division of the land between Belgium and France along the river isolated these groups from each other. Those who lived in Saharan or Sub-Saharan Africa and traded across the continent for centuries often found themselves crossing borders that existed only on European maps. Victims of Leopold II of Belgium's reign, children who did not meet the demands of the Belgians had their hands amputated.In nations that had substantial European populations, for example Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), Angola, Mozambique, Kenya and South Africa, systems of second-class citizenship were often set up in order to give Europeans political power far in excess of their numbers. In the Congo Free State, personal property of King Leopold II of Belgium, the native population was submitted to inhumane treatment, and a near slavery status assorted with forced labor. However, the lines were not always drawn strictly across racial lines. In Liberia, citizens who were descendants of American slaves had a political system for over 100 years that gave ex-slaves and natives to the area roughly equal legislative power despite the fact the ex-slaves were outnumbered ten to one in the general population.

Kwame Nkrumah.Europeans often altered the local balance of power, created ethnic divides where they did not previously exist, and introduced a cultural dichotomy detrimental to the native inhabitants in the areas they controlled. For example, in what are now Rwanda and Burundi, two ethnic groups Hutus and Tutsis had merged into one culture by the time German colonists had taken control of the region in the nineteenth century. No longer divided by ethnicity as intermingling, intermarriage, and merging of cultural practices over the centuries had long since erased visible signs of a culture divide, Belgium instituted a policy of racial categorization upon taking control of the region, as racially based categorization and philosophies were a fixture of the European culture of that time. The term Hutu originally referred to the agricultural-based Bantu-speaking peoples that moved into present day Rwanda and Burundi from the West, and the term Tutsi referred to Northeastern cattle-based peoples that migrated into the region later. The terms described a person's economic class; individuals who owned roughly 10 or more cattle were considered Tutsi, and those with fewer were considered Hutu, regardless of ancestral history. This was not a strict line but a general rule of thumb, and one could move from Hutu to Tutsi and vice versa. The Belgians introduced a racialized system; European-like features such as fairer skin, ample height, narrow noses were seen as more ideally Hamitic, and belonged to those people closest to Tutsi in ancestry, who were thus given power amongst the colonised peoples. Identity cards were issued based on this philosophy.

In 1956, Tunisia became the first country in Africa to gain independence from a European colonizer. The decades-long struggle for independence from France was led by Habib Bourguiba, founder of the Republic of Tunisia. Post-colonial Africa Today, Africa contains 53 independent and sovereign countries, most of which still have the borders drawn during the era of European colonialism. Since colonialism, African states have frequently been hampered by instability, corruption, violence, and authoritarianism. The vast majority of African nations are republics that operate under some form of the presidential system of rule. However, few of them have been able to sustain democratic governments, and many have instead cycled through a series of coups, producing military dictatorships. A number of Africa's post-colonial political leaders were military generals who were poorly educated and ignorant on matters of governance. Great instability, however, was mainly the result of marginalization of other ethnic groups and graft under these leaders.

For political gain, many leaders fanned ethnic conflicts that had been exacerbated, or even created, by colonial rule. In many countries, the military was perceived as being the only group that could effectively maintain order, and it ruled many nations in Africa during the 1970s and early 1980s. During the period from the early 1960s to the late 1980s, Africa had more than 70 coups and 13 presidential assassinations. Border and territorial disputes were also common, with the European-imposed borders of many nations being widely contested through armed conflicts. Cold War conflicts between the United States and the Soviet Union, as well as the policies of the International Monetary Fund, also played a role in instability. When a country became independent for the first time, it was often expected to align with one of the two superpowers. Many countries in Northern Africa received Soviet military aid, while many in Central and Southern Africa were supported by the United States, France or both. The 1970s saw an escalation, as newly independent Angola and Mozambique aligned themselves with the Soviet Union, and the West and South Africa sought to contain Soviet influence by funding insurgency movements. There was a major famine in Ethiopia, when hundreds of thousands of people starved. Some claimed that Marxist/Soviet polices made the situation worse. [42][43][44] Since 2003 there has been an ongoing conflict in Darfur which has become a humanitarian disaster. See Darfur war. AIDS has also been a prevalent issue in post-colonial Africa. See article AIDS in Africa.

Politics

Political map of Africa. (Hover mouse to see name, click area to go to article.) The African Union (AU) is a federation consisting of all of Africa's states except Morocco. The union was formed, with Addis Ababa as its headquarters, on 26 June 2001. In July 2004, the African Union's Pan-African Parliament (PAP) was relocated to Midrand, in South Africa, but the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights remained in Addis Ababa. There is a policy in effect to decentralise the African Federation's institutions so that they are shared by all the states. The African Union, not to be confused with the AU Commission, is formed by an Act of Union which aims to transform the African Economic Community, a federated commonwealth, into a state, under established international conventions. The African Union has a parliamentary government, known as the African Union Government, consisting of legislative, judicial and executive organs, and led by the African Union President and Head of State, who is also the President of the Pan African Parliament. A person becomes AU President by being elected to the PAP, and subsequently gaining majority support in the PAP. President Gertrude Ibengwe Mongella is the Head of State and Chief of Government of the African Union, by virtue of the fact that she is the President of the Pan African Parliament. She was elected by Parliament in its inaugural session in March 2004, for a term of five years. The PAP consists of 265 legislators, five from each constituent state of the African Union. Over 21% of the members are female.[citation needed]

The powers and authority of the President of the African Parliament derive from the Union Act, and the Protocol of the Pan African Parliament, as well as the inheritance of presidential authority stipulated by African treaties and by international treaties, including those subordinating the Secretary General of the OAU Secretariat (AU Commission) to the PAP. The government of the AU consists of all-union (federal), regional, state, and municipal authorities, as well as hundreds of institutions, that together manage the day-to-day affairs of the institution.

Failed state policies, inequitable global trade practices, and climatic conditions (especially drought) have resulted in many widespread famines, and significant portions of Africa remain with distribution systems unable to disseminate enough food or water for the population to survive. What had before colonialism been the source for 90% of the world's gold has become the poorest continent on earth, its former riches enjoyed by those on other continents. The spread of disease is also rampant, especially the spread of the HIV and the associated AIDS, which has become a deadly pandemic on the continent. There are clear signs of increased networking among African organisations and states. In the civil war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (former Zaire), rather than rich, non-African countries intervening, neighbouring African countries became involved (see also Second Congo War). Since the conflict began in 1998, the estimated death toll has reached 4 million.[45] Political associations such as the African Union offer hope for greater co-operation and peace between the continent's many countries. Extensive human rights abuses still occur in several parts of Africa, often under the oversight of the state. Most of such violations occur for political reasons, often as a side effect of civil war. Countries where major human rights violations have been reported in recent times include the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Sudan, Zimbabwe, and Côte d'Ivoire.

Country name changes See also: Africanization Various African countries have undergone name changes during the previous century as the result of consolidations and secessions, territories gaining sovereignty, and regime changes.

Previous name Year Current name Portuguese West Africa 1975 Angola, Republic of Dahomey, Republic of 1975 Benin, Republic of Bechuanaland Protectorate 1966 Botswana, Republic of Upper Volta 1984 Burkina Faso Oubangui-Chari 1960 Central African Republic Zaire, Republic of 1997 Congo, Democratic Republic of the Middle Congo 1960 Congo, Republic of the Ivory Coast, The 1985 Côte d'Ivoire, Republic of Afars and the Issas, Territory of 1977 Djibouti, Republic of Spanish Guinea 1968 Equatorial Guinea, Republic of Abyssinia 1941 Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of Gold Coast 1957 Ghana, Republic of French West Africa (part of) 1958 Guinea, Republic of Portuguese Guinea 1974 Guinea-Bissau, Republic of Basutoland, Territory of 1966 Lesotho, Kingdom of Nyasaland Protectorate 1964 Malawi, Republic of French Sudan 1960 Mali, Republic of South West Africa 1990 Namibia, Republic of German East Africa / Ruanda-Urundi 1962 Rwanda, Republic of / Burundi, Republic of British Somaliland / Italian Somaliland 1960 Somalia Republic Zanzibar / Tanganyika 1964 Tanzania, United Republic of Buganda 1962 Uganda, Republic of Northern Rhodesia 1964 Zambia, Republic of Southern Rhodesia 1980 Zimbabwe, Republic of

Economy Main article: Economy of Africa

African Economic Community mapAlthough it has abundant natural resources, Africa remains the world's poorest and most underdeveloped continent, due largely to the effects of: corporate exploitation, tropical diseases, the slave trade, corrupt governments, failed central planning, the international trade regime and geopolitics; as well as widespread human rights violations, the negative effects of colonialism, despotism, illiteracy, superstition, tribal and military conflict (ranging from war and civil war to guerrilla warfare to genocide).[46] According to the United Nations' Human Development Report in 2003, the bottom 25 ranked nations (151st to 175th) were all African nations.[47]

Widespread poverty, illiteracy, malnutrition and inadequate water supply and sanitation, as well as poor health, affect a large majority of the people who reside in the African continent. In August 2008, the World Bank[48] announced revised global poverty estimates based on a new international poverty line of $1.25 per day (versus the previous measure of $1.00). The new figures confirm that sub-Saharan Africa has been the least successful region of the world in reducing poverty, with 50% of the population living in poverty in 1981 (200 million people), rising to 58% in 1996 and falling back to a 50% poverty rate in 2005 (380 million people). The average poor person in sub-Saharan Africa is estimated to live on only 70 cents per day. It should be noted that in 2003 it was poorer than it was in 1973 [49] indicating increasing poverty in some areas. Some of it is attributed by some to corporate and banking-led unsuccessful economic liberalization programs.[50][51][52] Some areas, notably Mauritius, Botswana and South Africa, have experienced economic success. The latter has a wealth of natural resources, being the world's leading producer of both gold and diamonds, and having a well-established legal system. South Africa also has access to financial capital, numerous markets, skilled labor, and first world infrastructure in much of the country and has one of the major stock exchanges of the continent, the JSE Securities Exchange. Over a quarter of Botswana's budget (also a major diamond producer) goes toward improving the infrastructure of Gaborone, the nation's capital, largest city, and one of the world's fastest growing cities. Other African countries are making comparable progress, such as Ghana, Cameroon and Egypt.

On the other hand, it is estimated that 80% of Zimbabweans are unemployed. An estimated two million of the country's residents have fled to Botswana and South Africa. Although reforms in the 80's initially brought increased secondary school enrollment, a decrease in infant mortality rates and increased wages [53] conditions have declined since the early 1990s. During the 80’s, Western countries sharply reduced foreign demand for the country's mineral exports as a response to the rise of Robert Mugabe and the onset of a drought cut into the growth rate in 1982, 1983, and 1984. The economy recovered slightly in 1985 with a 30% jump in growth with increases in agricultural productivity from capital flows into the country from IMF aid. However, recovery stopped in 1986 to a zero growth rate and registered negative of about -3% by 1987 due to famine and a foreign exchange crisis.[54] Inflation rates, which fluctuate wildly, was officially estimated at 11.25 million % a year for June 2008 (with some unofficial estimates putting the number closer to 20 million %), and the Zimbabwean dollar has depreciated against the U.S. dollar from 0.68 to 1 in 1980 to as low as 800 billion to 1 by July 2008 on the Harare black market. Hunger and starvation are widespread, and consumer shortages abound. Power and water supply is intermittent in cities and towns throughout the country. In 1980, Zimbabwe's per capita gross domestic product was approximately $913; by 2005 this has slid to $263 and continues falling as the country remains in the grip of an eight year recession in 2008. Death rates have skyrocketed, and school attendance has plummeted. Once a country with a strong economy for Sub-Saharan Africa's standards, excellent infrastructure, abundant natural resources and a tolerant society, Zimbabwe is now one of the poorest and most bitterly divided countries in the continent, brought to ruin in less than two decades.

Nigeria has one of the largest proven oil reserves in the world, and has the theoretical capacity to produce about 3.2 million barrels of oil per day (although the country's production dropped below 1 million barrels per day by July 2008 owing to frequent shut-ins due to attacks on oil facilities in the Niger Delta region). This oil wealth has not translated into a higher standard of living for the country's citizens. The country has the highest population in Africa (138 million in 2007) and is one of the world's poorest countries, with an estimated 70% of the population living below the poverty line in 2007.[55].

From 1995 to 2005, Africa's economic growth picked up, averaging 5% in 2005. However, some countries experienced much higher growth (10+%) in particular, Angola, Sudan and Equatorial Guinea, all three of which had recently begun extracting their petroleum reserves or had expanded their oil extraction capacity.

Demographics This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unverifiable material may be challenged and removed. (March 2007) Main articles: African people and Demographics of Africa The last 40 years have seen a rapid increase in population; hence, this population is relatively young. In some African states half or more of the population is under 25 years old.[61] Speakers of Bantu languages (part of the Niger-Congo family) are the majority in southern, central and East Africa proper. But there are also several Nilotic groups in East Africa, and a few remaining indigenous Khoisan ('San' or 'Bushmen') and Pygmy peoples in southern and central Africa, respectively. Bantu-speaking Africans also predominate in Gabon and Equatorial Guinea, and are found in parts of southern Cameroon. In the Kalahari Desert of Southern Africa, the distinct people known as the Bushmen (also "San", closely related to, but distinct from "Hottentots") have long been present. The San are physically distinct from other Africans and are the indigenous people of southern Africa. Pygmies are the pre-Bantu indigenous peoples of central Africa.

Tuareg from the Hoggar, Algeria.The peoples of North Africa comprise two main groups; Berber and Arabic-speaking peoples in the west, and Egyptians in the east. The Arabs who arrived in the seventh century introduced the Arabic language and Islam to North Africa. The Semitic Phoenicians, the European Greeks, Romans and Vandals settled in North Africa as well. Berbers still make up the majority in Morocco, while they are a significant minority within Algeria. They are also present in Tunisia and Libya. The Tuareg and other often-nomadic peoples are the principal inhabitants of the Saharan interior of North Africa. Nubians are a Nilo-Saharan-speaking group (though many also speak Arabic), who developed an ancient civilisation in northeast Africa. During the past century or so, small but economically important colonies of Lebanese and Chinese have also developed in the larger coastal cities of West and East Africa, respectively. Some Ethiopian and Eritrean groups (like the Amhara and Tigrayans, collectively known as "Habesha") speak Semitic languages. The Oromo and Somali peoples speak Cushitic languages, but some Somali clans trace their founding to legendary Arab founders. Sudan and Mauritania are divided between a mostly Arabized north and a native African south (although the "Arabs" of Sudan clearly have a predominantly native African ancestry themselves). Some areas of East Africa, particularly the island of Zanzibar and the Kenyan island of Lamu, received Arab Muslim and Southwest Asian settlers and merchants throughout the Middle Ages and in antiquity.

San man from Botswana.Beginning in the sixteenth century, Europeans such as the Portuguese and Dutch began to establish trading posts and forts along the coasts of western and southern Africa. Eventually, a large number of Dutch augmented by French Huguenots and Germans settled in what is today South Africa. Their descendants, the Afrikaners and the Coloureds, are the largest European-descended groups in Africa today. In the nineteenth century, a second phase of colonisation brought a large number of French and British settlers to Africa. The Portuguese settled mainly in Angola, but also in Mozambique. The French settled in large numbers in Algeria where they became known collectively as pieds-noirs, and on a smaller scale in other areas of North and West Africa as well as in Madagascar. The British settled chiefly in South Africa as well as the colony of Rhodesia, and in the highlands of what is now Kenya. Germans settled in what is now Tanzania and Namibia, and there is still a population of German-speaking white Namibians. Smaller numbers of European soldiers, businessmen, and officials also established themselves in administrative centers such as Nairobi and Dakar. Decolonisation during the 1960s often resulted in the mass emigration of European-descended settlers out of Africa – especially from Algeria, Kenya and Rhodesia. However, in South Africa and Namibia, the white minority remained politically dominant after independence from Europe, and a significant population of Europeans remained in these two countries even after democracy was finally instituted at the end of the Cold War. South Africa has also become the preferred destination of white Anglo-Zimbabweans, and of migrants from all over southern Africa. European colonisation also brought sizeable groups of Asians, particularly people from the Indian subcontinent, to British colonies. Large Indian communities are found in South Africa, and smaller ones are present in Kenya, Tanzania, and some other southern and East African countries. The large Indian community in Uganda was expelled by the dictator Idi Amin in 1972, though many have since returned. The islands in the Indian Ocean are also populated primarily by people of Asian origin, often mixed with Africans and Europeans. The Malagasy people of Madagascar are a Austronesian people, but those along the coast are generally mixed with Bantu, Arab, Indian and European origins. Malay and Indian ancestries are also important components in the group of people known in South Africa as Cape Coloureds (people with origins in two or more races and continents).

Languages This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unverifiable material may be challenged and removed. (March 2007) Main article: African languages Map showing the distribution of African language families and some major African languages. Afro-Asiatic extends from the Sahel to Southwest Asia. Niger-Congo is divided to show the size of the Bantu sub-family. Many African countries today have more than one official language.By most estimates, Africa contains well over a thousand languages (some have estimated over two thousand), most of African origin and a few of European origin. Africa is the most polyglot continent in the world; it is not rare to find individuals there who fluently speak not only several African languages, but one or two European ones as well. There are four major language families native to Africa.

The Afro-Asiatic languages are a language family of about 240 languages and 285 million people widespread throughout the Horn of Africa, North Africa, the Sahel, and Southwest Asia. The Nilo-Saharan language family consists of more than a hundred languages spoken by 30 million people. Nilo-Saharan languages are spoken by Nilotic tribes in Chad, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda, and northern Tanzania. The Niger-Congo language family covers much of Sub-Saharan Africa and is probably the largest language family in the world in terms of different languages. The Khoisan languages number about fifty and are spoken in Southern Africa by approximately 120,000 people. Many of the Khoisan languages are endangered. The Khoi and San peoples are considered the original inhabitants of this part of Africa. Following colonialism, nearly all African countries adopted official languages that originated outside the continent, although several countries nowadays also use various languages of native origin (such as Swahili, Yoruba, Igbo (also spelt Ibo) and Hausa) as their official language. In numerous countries, English and French (see African French) are used for communication in the public sphere such as government, commerce, education and the media. Arabic, Portuguese, Afrikaans and Malagasy are other examples of originally non-African languages that are used by millions of Africans today, both in the public and private spheres.

Culture This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unverifiable material may be challenged and removed. (March 2007) Main article: Culture of Africa African culture is characterised by a vastly diverse patchwork of social values, ranging from extreme patriarchy to extreme matriarchy, sometimes in tribes existing side by side. Modern African culture is characterised by conflicted responses to Arab nationalism and European imperialism. Increasingly, beginning in the late 1990s, Africans are reasserting their identity. In North Africa especially the rejection of the label Arab or European has resulted in an upsurge of demands for special protection of indigenous Amazigh languages and culture in Morocco, Egypt, Algeria and Tunisia. The re-emergence of Pan-Africanism since the fall of apartheid has heightened calls for a renewed sense of African identity. In South Africa, intellectuals from settler communities of European descent increasingly identify as African for cultural rather than geographical or racial reasons. Famously, some have undergone ritual ceremonies to become members of the Zulu or other community.

Much of the traditional African cultures have become impoverished as a result of years of neglect and suppression by colonial and neo-colonial regimes. There is now a resurgence in the attempts to rediscover and revalourise African traditional cultures, under such movements as the African Renaissance led by Thabo Mbeki, Afrocentrism led by a group of scholars including Molefi Asante, as well as the increasing recognition of traditional spiritualism through decriminalization of Vodou and other forms of spirituality. In recent years African traditional culture has become synonymous with rural poverty and subsistence farming. Urban culture in Africa, now associated with Western values, is a great contrast from traditional African urban culture which was once rich and enviable even by modern Western standards. African cities such as Loango, M'banza Congo, Timbuktu, Thebes, Meroe had served as the world's most affluent urban and industrial centers, clean, well-laid out, and full of universities, libraries, and temples.

The main and most enduring cultural fault-line in Africa is the divide between traditional pastoralists and agriculturalists. The divide is not, and never was based on economic competition, but rather on the colonial racial policy that identified pastoralists as constituting a different race from agriculturalists, and enforcing a form of apartheid between the two cultures beginning in the 1880s and lasting until the 1960s. Although European colonial powers were largely industrial, many of the administrators and philosophers, whose writings provided rationale for colonialism, applied quasi-scientific eugenics policies and racist politics on Africans in experiments of misguided social engineering. Most of the racial recategorisation of Africans to fit European stereotypes was contradictory and incoherent. However, because their legalism and laws that emanated from these policies were backed by police force, the scientific establishment and economic power, Africans reacted by either conforming to the new rules, or rejecting them in favour of Pan-Africanism. All across Africa communities and individuals were measured by colonial eugenics boards and reassigned identities and ethnicities based on pseudoscience. The schools taught that in general Africans who resembled Europeans in some physical or cultural aspect were superior to other Africans and deserved more privileges.

The easiest way to divide Africans was along economic lines. Pastoralists, agriculturalists, hunter-gatherers and Westernised Africans, all formed distinctly identifiable cultures each of which came to play a different and disfiguring role in Africa's modern politics. The Westernised Africans, specifically Senegalese and Sudanese Nubians from urban centers such as Dakar and Khartoum, were used to serve as the bulk of colonial troops against the rural Africans. Pastoralists were radicalised by the wholesale confiscation of grazing lands in favour of plantations. Agriculturalists came into conflict for land and water with pastoralists after the traditional sharing arrangements had been destroyed by colonial policies. 75,000-year-old Nassarius shell beads found in Blombos Cave, South AfricaIn addition, a growing body of speculative anthropology and race science made false claims about the superiority and inferiority of Africans with different cultural and economic backgrounds. The vast majority of the scholarship on Africa was extraneous and catered to the demand for exotic and outlandish representations of Africa. The enforcement of the government decrees and policies tended to produce effects that confirmed the prejudices of the European colonialists.

African art and architecture reflect the diversity of African cultures. The oldest existing examples of art from Africa are 75,000 year old beads made from Nassarius shells that were found in Blombos Cave. The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt was the world's tallest structure for 4,000 years, until the completion of Lincoln Cathedral around 1300. The stone ruins of Great Zimbabwe are also noteworthy for their architecture, and the complex of monolithic churches at Lalibela, Ethiopia, of which the Church of St. George is representative, is regarded as another marvel of engineering.

Music and dance This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unverifiable material may be challenged and removed. (March 2007)

Main article: Music of Africa

Egypt has long been a cultural focus of the Arab world, while remembrance of the rhythms of sub-Saharan Africa, in particular West Africa, was transmitted through the Atlantic slave trade to modern samba, blues, jazz, reggae, rap, and rock and roll. The 1950s through the 1970s saw a conglomeration of these various styles with the popularization of Afrobeat and Highlife music. Modern music of the continent includes the highly complex choral singing of southern Africa and the dance rhythms of soukous, dominated by the music of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Recent developments include the emergence of African hip hop, in particular a form from Senegal blended with traditional mbalax, and Kwaito, a South African variant of house music. Afrikaans music, also found in South Africa, is idiosyncratic being composed mostly of traditional Boer music, while more recent immigrant communities have introduced the music of their homes to the continent.

Indigenous musical and dance traditions of Africa are maintained by oral traditions and they are distinct from the music and dance styles of North Africa and Southern Africa. Arab influences are visible in North African music and dance and in Southern Africa western influences are apparent due to colonisation. Many African languages are tone languages, in which pitch level determines the meaning. This also finds expression in African musical melodies and rhythms. A variety of musical instruments are used, including drums (most widely used), bells, musical bow, lute, flute, and trumpet.

African dances are important mode of communication and dancers use gestures, masks, costumes, body painting and a number of visual devices. With urbanisation and modernisation, modern African dance and music exhibit influences assimilated from several other cultures.

Legends of Africa Main article: Legends of Africa Africa has a wealth of history which is largely unrecorded. Many myths, fables and legends abound.

Sports

53 African countries have football teams in the Confederation of African Football, while Cameroon, Nigeria, Senegal, and Ghana have advanced to the knockout stage of recent FIFA World Cups. South Africa will host the 2010 World Cup tournament, and will be the first African country to do so.

Cricket is also popular in some African nations, with South Africa and Zimbabwe having Test status. Kenya also is the leading non-test team in One-Day International cricket, and has attained permanent ODI status. The three countries had jointly hosted the 2003 Cricket World Cup. Namibia is the other African country to have played in a World Cup. Morocco in northern Africa has also hosted the 2002 Morocco Cup, but the national team have never qualified for a major tournament. A number of African nations, especially Ethiopia, Kenya, and Morocco, have fielded world-class long-distance runners such as Abebe Bikila and Cosmas Ndeti.

South Africa hosted and won the 1995 Rugby World Cup and also won the 2007 Rugby World Cup.

Religion Main article: Religion in Africa Africans profess a wide variety of religious beliefs[62] and statistics on religious affiliation are difficult to come by since they are too sensitive a topic for governments with mixed populations.[63] Estimations from World Book Encyclopedia claim that there are 150 million African Muslims and 130 million African Christians, while Encyclopedia Britannica estimates that approximately 46.5% of all Africans are Christians and another 40.5% are Muslims with roughly 11.8% of Africans following indigenous African religions. A small number of Africans are Hindu, Baha'i, or have beliefs from the Judaic tradition. Examples of African Jews are the Beta Israel, Lemba peoples and the Abayudaya of Eastern Uganda.

Indigenous Sub-Saharan African religions tend to revolve around a pantheon of deities, and often involve animism and ancestor worship. A common thread in traditional belief systems was the division of the spiritual world into "helpful" and "harmful" spiritual beings. Helpful spirits include ancestor spirits who can be called upon to help their descendants, and more powerful spirits that protect entire communities from natural disaster or attacks from enemies. Harmful spirits include the souls of murdered victims who were buried without the proper funeral rites, and spirits used by hostile spirit mediums to cause illness among their enemies. While the effect of these early forms of worship continues to have a profound influence, belief systems have evolved as they interact with other religions.

The formation of the Old Kingdom of Egypt in the third millennium BC marked the earliest known complex religious system on the continent, and one of the earliest in the world. Around the ninth century, Carthage (in present-day Tunisia) was founded by the Phoenicians, and went on to become a major cosmopolitan center where deities from neighboring Egypt, Rome and the Etruscan city-states were worshipped. Today, many Jewish peoples also live in North Africa, particularly in Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco.

The founding of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria is traditionally dated to the mid-first century, while the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and the Eritrean Orthodox Church officially date from the fourth century. These are thus some of the first established Christian churches in the world. At first, Christian Orthodoxy made gains in modern-day Sudan and other neighbouring regions. However, after the spread of Islam, growth was slow and restricted to the highlands.

Many Sub-Saharan Africans were converted to Western Christianity during the colonial period. In the last decades of the twentieth century, various sects of Charismatic Christianity rapidly grew. A number of Roman Catholic African bishops were mentioned as possible papal candidates in 2005, the most prominent of those being Nigerian Cardinal Francis Arinze. African Christians appear to be more socially conservative than their co-religionists in much of the industrialized world, which has quite recently led to tension within denominations such as the Anglican and Methodist Churches.

The African Initiated Churches have experienced significant growth in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.

Islam in Africa largely began when Arab Muslims conquered North Africa between 640 and 710, beginning with Egypt. They settled in Mogadishu, Melinde, Mombasa, Kilwa, and Sofala, following the sea trade down the coast of East Africa, and diffusing through the Sahara desert into the interior of Africa—following in particular the paths of Muslim traders. Muslims were also among the Asian peoples who later settled in British-ruled Africa. During colonial times, Christianity had success in converting those who followed traditional religions but had very little success in converting Muslims, who took advantage of the urbanization and increase in trade to settle in new areas and spread their faith. As a result, Islam in sub-Saharan Africa probably doubled between 1869 and 1914.[64]

Islam continued this tremendous growth into the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Today, backed by gulf oil cash, Muslims have increased success in proselytizing. Most experts agree that Islam is spreading faster than any other faith in East and West Africa.[63] According to other estimates, Islam has a growth rate that is twice as fast as Christianity in Africa as a whole.[65]

Territories and regions Main articles: Regions of Africa and List of African countries The countries in this table are categorised according to the scheme for geographic subregions used by the United Nations, and data included are per sources in cross-referenced articles. Where they differ, provisos are clearly indicated.

Regions of Africa:

Northern Africa

Western Africa

Middle Africa

Eastern Africa

Southern Africa

Physical map of Africa.

Satellite photo of Africa. Name of region[66] and territory, with flag Area (km²) Population (1 July 2002 est.) Population density (per km²) Capital

Eastern Africa: Burundi 27,830 6,373,002 229.0 Bujumbura Comoros 2,170 614,382 283.1 Moroni Djibouti 23,000 472,810 20.6 Djibouti Eritrea 121,320 4,465,651 36.8 Asmara Ethiopia 1,127,127 67,673,031 60.0 Addis Ababa Kenya 582,650 31,138,735 53.4 Nairobi Madagascar 587,040 16,473,477 28.1 Antananarivo Malawi 118,480 10,701,824 90.3 Lilongwe Mauritius 2,040 1,200,206 588.3 Port Louis Mayotte (France) 374 170,879 456.9 Mamoudzou Mozambique 801,590 19,607,519 24.5 Maputo Réunion (France) 2,512 743,981 296.2 Saint-Denis Rwanda 26,338 7,398,074 280.9 Kigali Seychelles 455 80,098 176.0 Victoria Somalia 637,657 7,753,310 12.2 Mogadishu Tanzania 945,087 37,187,939 39.3 Dodoma Uganda 236,040 24,699,073 104.6 Kampala Zambia 752,614 9,959,037 13.2 Lusaka Zimbabwe 390,580 11,376,676 29.1 Harare



Middle Africa: Angola 1,246,700 10,593,171 8.5 Luanda Cameroon 475,440 16,184,748 34.0 Yaoundé Central African Republic 622,984 3,642,739 5.8 Bangui Chad 1,284,000 8,997,237 7.0 N'Djamena Congo 342,000 2,958,448 8.7 Brazzaville Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,345,410 55,225,478 23.5 Kinshasa Equatorial Guinea 28,051 498,144 17.8 Malabo Gabon 267,667 1,233,353 4.6 Libreville São Tomé and Príncipe 1,001 170,372 170.2 São Tomé Northern Africa: Algeria 2,381,740 32,277,942 13.6 Algiers Egypt[67] 1,001,450 70,712,345 70.6 Cairo Libya 1,759,540 5,368,585 3.1 Tripoli Morocco 446,550 31,167,783 69.8 Rabat Sudan 2,505,810 37,090,298 14.8 Khartoum Tunisia 163,610 9,815,644 60.0 Tunis Western Sahara[68] 266,000 256,177 1.0 El Aaiún

Spanish and Portuguese territories in Northern Africa: Canary Islands (Spain)[69] 7,492 1,694,477 226.2 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Santa Cruz de Tenerife Ceuta (Spain)[70] 20 71,505 3,575.2 — Madeira Islands (Portugal)[71] 797 245,000 307.4 Funchal Melilla (Spain)[72] 12 66,411 5,534.2 — Southern Africa: Botswana 600,370 1,591,232 2.7 Gaborone Lesotho 30,355 2,207,954 72.7 Maseru Namibia 825,418 1,820,916 2.2 Windhoek South Africa 1,219,912 43,647,658 35.8 Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Pretoria[73] Swaziland 17,363 1,123,605 64.7 Mbabane Western Africa: Benin 112,620 6,787,625 60.3 Porto-Novo Burkina Faso 274,200 12,603,185 46.0 Ouagadougou Cape Verde 4,033 408,760 101.4 Praia Côte d'Ivoire 322,460 16,804,784 52.1 Abidjan, Yamoussoukro[74] Gambia 11,300 1,455,842 128.8 Banjul Ghana 239,460 20,244,154 84.5 Accra

Guinea 245,857 7,775,065 31.6 Conakry Guinea-Bissau 36,120 1,345,479 37.3 Bissau Liberia 111,370 3,288,198 29.5 Monrovia Mali 1,240,000 11,340,480 9.1 Bamako Mauritania 1,030,700 2,828,858 2.7 Nouakchott Niger 1,267,000 10,639,744 8.4 Niamey Nigeria 923,768 129,934,911 140.7 Abuja Saint Helena (UK) 410 7,317 17.8 Jamestown Senegal 196,190 10,589,571 54.0 Dakar Sierra Leone 71,740 5,614,743 78.3 Freetown Togo 56,785 5,285,501 93.1 Lomé Total 30,368,609 843,705,143 27.8

See also Africa portal List of African countries by population Urbanization in Africa

List of topics related to Black and African people Africa topics

Culture Architecture (World Heritage Sites) · Art · Cinema (Film festivals · List of films) · Cuisine · Etiquette · Languages · Literature (Writers by country) · Music (Musicians) · Religion Demographics People · Countries by population · Countries by population density · HIV/AIDS · Urbanization (List of most populous cities · of largest metropolitan areas)

Economy Countries by GDP · Countries by HDI · Central banks and currencies · Education · Poverty · Renewable energy · Stock exchanges Geography Countries (by geographical area) · Ecology · List of impact craters · List of islands · List of rivers · Regions History Colonisation (European exploration · African slave trade · Scramble for Africa) · Decolonisation · Economic history · Empires · Military history (List of conflicts)

Politics African Union · Elections · Human rights · Pan-Africanism Society African philosophy · Caste system · Media (List of radio stations · of television stations) Sport African Cricket Association · All-Africa Games · Australian rules football · Confederation of African Football (African Cup of Nations) · Confederation of African Rugby (Africa Cup) · FIBA Africa · Stadiums by capacity · Tour d'Afrique Years 2004 in Africa · 2005 in Africa · 2006 in Africa · 2007 in Africa · 2008 in Africa · 2009 in Africa

Notes ^ "World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision" United Nations (Department of Economic and Social Affairs, population division)



^ Sayre, April Pulley. (1999) Africa, Twenty-First Century Books. ISBN 0-7613-1367-2. ^ "World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision" United Nations (Department of Economic and Social Affairs, population division) ^ "Homo sapiens: University of Utah News Release: Feb. 16, 2005". ^ Visual Geography. "Africa. General info". Retrieved on 2007-11-24. ^ Names of countries, Decret & Fantar, 1981 ^ "Consultos.com etymology". ^ 'Nile Genesis: the opus of Gerald Massey' ^ Drysdale, Alasdair & Gerald H. Blake. (1985) The Middle East and North Africa, Oxford University Press US. ISBN 0-19-503538-0. ^ Atlas - Xpeditions @ nationalgeographic.com: ^ The Atlas of Canada - Africa: ^ Lewin, Evans. (1924) Africa, Clarendon press. ^ (1998) Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary (Index), Merriam-Webster. pp. 10–11. ISBN 0-87779-546-0. ^ Hoare, Ben. (2002) The Kingfisher A-Z Encyclopedia, Kingfisher Publications. p. 11. ISBN 0-7534-5569-2. ^ Kimbel, William H. & Yoel Rak & Donald C. Johanson. (2004) The Skull of Australopithecus Afarensis, Oxford University Press US. ISBN 0-19-515706-0. ^ Tudge, Colin. (2002) The Variety of Life., Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860426-2. ^ Sertima, Ivan Van. (1995) Egypt: Child of Africa/S V12 (Ppr), Transaction Publishers. pp. 324–325. ISBN 1-56000-792-3. ^ Mokhtar, G. (1990) UNESCO General History of Africa, Vol. II, Abridged Edition: Ancient Africa, University of California Press. ISBN 0-85255-092-8. ^ Eyma, A. K. & C. J. Bennett. (2003) Delts-Man in Yebu: Occasional Volume of the Egyptologists' Electronic Forum No. 1, Universal Publishers. p. 210. SBN 1-58112-564-X. ^ Diamond, Jared. (1999) "Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. New York:Norton, pp.167.



^ O'Brien, Patrick K. (General Editor). Oxford Atlas of World History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. pp.22–23 ^ Diamond, Jared. (1999) "Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. New York:Norton, pp.100. ^ Diamond, Jared. (1999) "Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. New York:Norton, pp.126–127. ^ Martin and O'Meara. "Africa, 3rd Ed." Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1995. [1] ^ Hassan, Fekri A. (2002) Droughts, Food and Culture, Springer. p. 17. ISBN 0-306-46755-0. ^ McGrail, Sean. (2004) Boats of the World, Oxford University Press. p. 48. ISBN 0-19-927186-0. ^ Fage, J. D. (1979) The Cambridge History of Africa, Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-21592-7. ^ Oliver, Roland & Anthony Atmore. (1994) Africa Since 1800, Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-42970-6. ^ Ayoub, Mahmoud M. (2004). Islam: Faith and History. Oxford: Oneworld, 76, 92–3, 96–7. ^ Tishkoff, 2006 ^ Stearns, Peter N. (2001) The Encyclopedia of World History, Houghton Mifflin Books. p. 16. ISBN 0-395-65237-5. ^ McEvedy, Colin (1980) Atlas of African History, p. 44. ISBN 0-87196-480-5. ^ "The Fate of Africa - A Survey of Fifty Years of Independence" (html). washingtonpost.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-23. ^ Ira M. Lapidus, A History of Islamic Societies, Cambridge 1988 ^ http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/igbo/hd_igbo.htm ^ Welcome to Encyclopædia Britannica's Guide to Black History, Encyclopædia Britannica ^ Focus on the slave trade, BBC ^ Transformations in Slavery: A History of Slavery in Africa p 25 by Paul E. Lovejoy] ^ Historical survey > The international slave trade, Encyclopædia Britannica



^ Oliver, Roland. (1977) The Cambridge History of Africa, Cambridge University Press. p. 453. ISBN 0-521-20981-1. ^ Simon, Julian L. (1995) State of Humanity, Blackwell Publishing. p. 175. ISBN 1-55786-585-X. ^ "BBC: 1984 famine in Ethiopia". ^ Robert G. Patman, The Soviet Union in the Horn of Africa 1990, ISBN 0521360226, pp. 295–296 ^ Steven Varnis, Reluctant aid or aiding the reluctant?: U.S. food aid policy and the Ethiopian Famine Relief 1990, ISBN 0887383483, p.38 ^ "The Deadliest War In The World". ^ Richard Sandbrook, The Politics of Africa's Economic Stagnation, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1985 passim ^ [2], United Nations ^ World Bank Updates Poverty Estimates for the Developing World ^ Economic report on Africa 2004: unlocking Africa’s potential in the global economy, (Substantive session 28 June-23 July 2004) United Nations ^ Neo-Liberalism and the Economic and Political Future of Africa ^ Capitalism - Africa - Neoliberalism, Structural Adjustment, And The African Reaction ^ http://www.turkishweekly.net/news.php?id=58925 ^ http://www.zmag.org/zmag/viewArticle/13443 ^ http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5479.htm ^ CIA - The World Factbook ^ Source: [3] ^ a b Source: [4] ^ Source: [5] ^ a b (French) INSEE Réunion. "11.1 - RÉSULTATS ÉCONOMIQUES". Retrieved on 2008-04-09. ^ Source: [6] ^ "Africa Population Dynamics".

^ "African Religion on the Internet", Stanford University ^ a b http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C00EEDC1030F932A35752C1A9679C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=1 Rising Muslim Power in Africa Causing Unrest in Nigeria and Elsewhere ^ Bulliet, Richard, Pamela Crossley, Daniel Headrick, Steven Hirsch, Lyman Johnson, and David Northrup. The Earth and Its Peoples. 3. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2005. ISBN 0-618-42770-8 ^ http://www.newsfromafrica.org/newsfromafrica/articles/art_10733.html Islam making in-roads in Zambia ^ Continental regions as per UN categorisations/map. ^ Egypt is generally considered a transcontinental country in Northern Africa (UN region) and Western Asia; population and area figures are for African portion only, west of the Suez Canal. ^ Western Sahara is disputed between the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, who administer a minority of the territory, and Morocco, who occupy the remainder. ^ The Spanish Canary Islands, of which Las Palmas de Gran Canaria are Santa Cruz de Tenerife are co-capitals, are often considered part of Northern Africa due to their relative proximity to Morocco and Western Sahara; population and area figures are for 2001. ^ The Spanish exclave of Ceuta is surrounded on land by Morocco in Northern Africa; population and area figures are for 2001. ^ The Portuguese Madeira Islands are often considered part of Northern Africa due to their relative proximity to Morocco; population and area figures are for 2001. ^ The Spanish exclave of Melilla is surrounded on land by Morocco in Northern Africa; population and area figures are for 2001. ^ Bloemfontein is the judicial capital of South Africa, while Cape Town is its legislative seat, and Pretoria is the country's administrative seat. ^ Yamoussoukro is the official capital of Côte d'Ivoire, while Abidjan is the de facto seat.

References "Africa". The Columbia Gazetteer of the World Online. 2005. New York: Columbia University Press.

Bibliography Asante, Molefi (2007). The History of Africa. USA: Routledge. ISBN 0415771390. Clark, J. Desmond (1970). The Prehistory of Africa. London: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 9780500020692. Crowder, Michael (1978). The Story of Nigeria. London: Faber. ISBN 9780571049479. Davidson, Basil (1966). The African past; chronicles from antiquity to modern times. Harmondsworth: Penguin. OCLC 2016817. Gordon, April A.; Donald L. Gordon (1996). Understanding contemporary Africa. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers. ISBN 9781555875473. Khapoya, Vincent B. (1998). The African experience: an introduction. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN 9780137458523. Korotayev, A. & Khaltourina D. (2006) Introduction to Social Macrodynamics: Secular Cycles and Millennial Trends in Africa. Moscow: URSS. ISBN 5484005604

External links Find more about Africa on Wikipedia's sister projects: Dictionary definitions Textbooks Quotations Source texts Images and media News stories Learning resources

Wikimedia Atlas of Africa News Insider coverage on the progress and plight of a billion people West Africa has the second wealthiest country in the world Truth About Africa allAfrica.com current news, events and statistics Failed Economic History History Africa South of the Sahara African Kingdoms BBC Story of Africa Kingdoms [7] Directories Library of Congress - African & Middle Eastern Reading Room Open Directory Project - Africa directory category Stanford University - Africa South of the Sahara The Index on Africa directory from The Norwegian Council for Africa Aluka - Digital library of scholarly resources from and about Africa Environment

AFRICA: Atlas of Our Changing Environment (UNEP). Politics Africa Action Africa Action is the oldest organization in the United States working on African affairs. It is a national organization that works for political, economic and social justice in Africa. Working class history in Africa—people's and grassroots histories Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Africa.Sports Confederation of African Football; in English and French Tourism

Africa travel guide from Wikitravel

Countries and territories of Africa

Continents of the world

Afro-Eurasia Americas Eurasia Oceania

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Africa Antarctica Asia Australia Europe N. America S. America --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Geological supercontinents Gondwana · Laurasia · Pangaea · Pannotia Rodinia · Columbia · Kenorland · Ur · Vaalbara Historical continents Arctica · Asiamerica · Atlantica · Avalonia · Baltica · Cimmeria · Congo craton · Euramerica · Kalaharia · Kazakhstania · Laurentia · Siberia · South China · Ur --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Submerged continents Kerguelen Plateau · Zealandia Possible future supercontinents Novopangea · Pangaea Ultima · Amasia Mythical and theorized continents Atlantis · Lemuria · Mu · Terra Australis

See also Regions of the world

Regions of the world

Africa North (Maghreb) · Central · South · West · East Middle East Arabian Peninsula · Caucasus · Levant · Mesopotamia · Persian Plateau Americas North (Northern • Middle • Central • Caribbean) · South (Southern Cone) · Anglo · Latin Oceania Australasia · Melanesia · Micronesia · Polynesia Asia East (Far East • Asia-Pacific) · Southeast (Indochina • Malay Archipelago) · South · Southwest · Central · North (Siberia) Polar Arctic · Antarctica Europe West · Central · East · North · South Oceans World · Arctic · Atlantic · Indian · Pacific · Southern

See also Continents of the world

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Africa" Categories: Africa | Continents | Titular Sees of the Coptic Orthodox Church

 

Source: Freebase – The World's Database
"[Africa]" Freely licensed under CC-BY.
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http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_nba_sprite_slam_dunk_contest_all_star_game.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_mindless_behavior_my_girl_nba_chili_tv_227.html 


227's YouTube "Chili"-WHITES ONLY Basketball League in Atlanta, GA?!! Racist?
227's YouTube "Chili"-WHITES ONLY Basketball League in Atlanta, GA?!! 'All-American Basketball Alliance!' Racist?
 

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_haiti_earthquake_wyclef_jean_yele_nba_227.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_wyclef_jean_haiti_rasta_sweetest_girl_r_b.html
 

Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227-Glen Rice-NBA & Michigan Wolverines & Glen Rice Jr. - Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets Basketball Mix ("Ice Cold' Chillin")-227's YouTube Chili'-NBA Mix

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_glen_rice_michigan_basketball_jr_227_nba.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_glen_rice_jr_georgia_tech_ncaa_nba_mix_227.html


227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake & Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Wyclef Jean Live on Anderson Cooper - Haiti Earthquake - CNN 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake & Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Hundreds of Thousands Feared Dead After Haiti Earthquake, Wyclef Jean Asks For Help 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake & Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Haiti YELE Earthquake Update: Wyclef Jean Interview After Return From Haiti 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake & Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Wyclef Weeps for Haitians, Calls for Exodus 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake & Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Haitian Earthquake Relief: Wyclef Jean, Brad & Angie, Clooney 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake & Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Wyclef Jean Haiti Earthquake Statement 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake & Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Wyclef Jean on Ground in Haiti - STATE OF EMERGENCY - HELP 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake - Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Haiti Earthquake Relief Dedication -Wyclef Jean featuring Movado - Hold On 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake - Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Wyclef Jean-Thug Angel

227's YouTube Chili'-Cow Chili' Bell-Boise State * Fiesta Bowl Halftime Show! Taterville' USA-BOISE! Cowbell Girl' Video of Boise State Marching Band-Fiesta Bowl Halftime Goes Chili' Viral! BCS' 227!'
 * 227's YouTube Chili'-Cow Chili' Bell-Boise State * Fiesta Bowl Halftime Show! Taterville' USA-BOISE!

Press Release - 227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson Chili' Autopsy Photos Leaked! MJ Snap shot sold for $1 Million?

227's YouTube "Chili"-Black Fraternity (NBA Mix) Step Shows "Chili" Steppin' - Omega Psi Phi * Kappa Alpha Psi * Phi Beta Sigma * Iota Phi Theta * Alpha Phi Alpha
 

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_black_fraternity_step_show_stroll_nba_227.html 

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_black_fraternity_steppin_show_nba_chili_tv.html 

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_omega_psi_phi_step_show_steppin_nba_chili.html 

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_kappa_alpha_psi_fraternity_step_show_nba.html 

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_phi_beta_sigma_fraternity_step_show_nba.html

Chillify' Spicy' 227 Chili' Rap  (NBA Mix' 227')

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_lil_boosie_quick__money_bags_nba_chili_227.html 
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_juicy_j_project_pat_cali_high_drugs_nba_tv.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_havoc_warm_up_long_island_new_york_up_227.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_drake_successful_new_verse_2010_chili_nba.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_blood_raw_aint_i_the_shit_bloodraw_nba_227.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_mistah_fab_who_shot_ya_oakland_chili_nba.html

Chillify' Spicy' 227 Chili' Rap  (NBA Mix' 227')

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_ryhmefest_talk_my_shit_chicago_chili_nba.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_boo_rossini_lil_wayne_whip_it_like_a_slave.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_young_chris_new_wu_young_gunz_philadelphia.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_ryhmefest_talk_my_shit_chicago_chili_nba.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_boo_rossini_lil_wayne_whip_it_like_a_slave.html

Chillify' Spicy' 227 Chili' Rap  (NBA Mix' 227')

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_wu_tang_raekwon_method_man_u_god_clap_227.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_jaye_gucci_mane_space_flight_2010_nba_227.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_bun_b_stupid_trill_chili_texas_nba_227_rap.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_usda_u_s_d_a_corporate_thuggin_chili_atl.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_usda_u_s_d_a_white_girls_chili_atlanta_nba.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_usda_corporate_thuggin_atlanta_rap_nba_227.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_usda_aint_no_problem_chili_nba_227_atlanta.html


Press Release - 227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson Chili' Autopsy Photos Leaked! MJ Snap shot sold for $1 Million?

Press Release - 227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson Chili' Autopsy Photos Leaked! MJ Snap shot sold for $1 Million? 

Usain Bolt - http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_usain_bolt_cheetah_lightning_track_100_227.html 
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_usain_bolt_lightning_bolt_100_200_m_chili.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_m_magazine_teens_celebs_you_tube_chili_227.html


227's Meehive "Chili"
 * 227's Meehive "Chili" 

227's YouTube "Chili" - STOMP THE YARD (BLACK COLLEGE STEP SHOW MOVIE) Starring Columbus Short, Meagan Good, Ne-Yo, Darrin Henson, Chris Brown, Brian White, Las Alonso, Valerie Pettiford & Harry Lennix (NBA Mix)!


http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_stomp_the_yard_step_show_steppin_nba_chili.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_stomp_the_yard_ne_yo_chris_brown_nba_chili.html

Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!


Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Jamaal 'Chili' Al-Din! 227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 - Jamaal Al-Din * 227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din

 

Michael Jackson Remembered at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube "Chili")!

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_magic_johnson_kobe_mj_memorial_staples.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/u_tube_michael_jackson_concert_death_annonoucement.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_martin_bashir_living_with_michael_jackson.html 

YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir! YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 2! YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 3! YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 4! YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 5! YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 6! * YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 7! YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 8! YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 9! 

 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Neverland Ranch  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Off the Wall (song)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Heal the World  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Remember the Time  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Dirty Diana  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Debbie Rowe  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-We Are the World  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Scream/Childhood  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-I Just Can't Stop Loving You  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-The Girl Is Mine  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Why (3T song) 

227's YouTube "Chili" Michael Jackson-NBA-Amazon.com Mix ("Spicy")!
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_jackson_black_or_white_nba_amazon.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_thriller_michael_jackson_zombie_buy_nba_tv.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_jackson_amazon_collectible_nba_buy.html 

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_jackson_amazon_collectible_nba_buy.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_jackson_autographed_nba_photo_227.html 

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_jackson_amazon_com_nba_dvd_doll.html


227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Smooth Criminal
  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-You Are Not Alone  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Man in the Mirror: The Michael Jackson Story-The Way You Make Me Feel  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Man in the Mirror: The Michael Jackson Story-Man in the Mirror: The Michael Jackson Story  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-The Collection (Michael Jackson album)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Music & Me  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-With a Child's Heart  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Off the Wall (album)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Forever, Michael  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-We're Almost There  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Say Say Say  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Number Ones (DVD)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Will You Be There  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Blood on the Dance Floor (song)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Blood on the Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Stranger in Moscow  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Thriller 25  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-In the Closet  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Bad World Tour  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Leave Me Alone  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-List of most expensive music videos  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Come Together  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-You Rock My World  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Man in the Mirror  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Ben (song)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Live in Bucharest: The Dangerous Tour  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-List of awards received by Michael Jackson  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Cry (Michael Jackson song)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Moonwalker  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Michael Jackson album discography  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Number Ones (Michael Jackson album)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Thriller (song)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Bad (album)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Black or White  227's YouTube "Chili" Michael Jackson-Dangerous (album)  227's YouTube "Chili" Michael Jackson-Butterflies (Michael Jackson song)  227's YouTube "Chili" Michael Jackson-The Essential Michael Jackson  227's YouTube "Chili" Michael Jackson-Human Nature (Michael Jackson song)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-This Is It (Michael Jackson concerts)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Michael Jackson: The Ultimate Collection

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_jackson_ghost_cnn_larry_king_video.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_jackson_tribute_announcement_video.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_jackson.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_jackson_pepsi_commercial_nba_chili.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/you_tube_michael_jackson_concert_tour_controversy.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_jackson_jermaine_comments_video_tv.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_oprah_winfrey_interview_michael_jackson_tv.html
YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 9! 
Site Map

http://www.hoops227.tv/site_map.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/site_map.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/sitemap_3.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-2009 in Music





227's YouTube "Chili" Sports-NBA, NFL, MLB
227's YOUTUBE "Chili" Allen Iverson News!
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_allen_iverson_news_nba_players_topix_video.html

227's YOUTUBE "Chili" Alex Rodriguez-News!
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_alex_rodriguez_news_fwicki_et_online_mlb.html

Espn Radio Affiliates
  Fox Sports Net 

227's YouTube "Chili" - Google Chili' Sites! http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_los_angeles_lakers_nba_videos_links_tv_227.html * Los Angeles Lakers * http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_dallas_chili_mavericks_basketball_nba_mix.html * Dallas Mavericks * http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_boston_chili_celtics_nba_google_sites_227.html * Boston Celtics



NBA Basketball Links!

NBA Basketball News: Atlanta Hawks  Boston Celtics  Chicago Bulls  Cleveland Cavaliers  Denver Nuggets  Detroit Pistons  Dallas Mavericks   Houston Rockets  Golden State Warriors 227's YouTube-"JORDAN"   227's YouTube-"JORDAN"   227's YouTube-"JORDAN (23)"   227's YouTube-"JORDAN"   227's YouTube-"JORDAN"   227's YouTube-"JORDAN"   227's YouTube-"JORDAN"   227's YouTube-"JORDAN"  
227's Brand Jordan-"Air Melo!"
http://www.hoops227.tv/you_tube_air_melo_jordan_shoes_carmelo_anthony_nba.html

227's- #23 "Air" JORDAN
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_air_jordan_shoes_commercial_melo.html

227's-"JORDAN" Boxing Shoes 
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_jordan_boxing_shoes_commercials_highlights.html

227's-"The MJ #23 Story ("Chili")" on YouTube! 
http://www.hoops227.tv/you_tube_michael_jordan_story_documentary_sports.html

227's-"The MJ #23 Story ("Chili")" on YouTube!
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_jordan_23_story_227_film_intro_msn.html


New YouTube Chili-"Drake"-footage!...http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_drake_falls_stage_live_concert_lil_wayne.html  *  http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_drake_collapse_breaks_knee_concert_tour_nj.html

227's YouTube "Chili" "Drake"-Drake Collapses, Falls on stage, Injures Knee!  *  227's YouTube "Chili" "Drake" NBA Mix-DRAKE FALLS ON STAGE PLUS LIL WAYNE'S REACTION !!!  *  227's YouTube "Chili" "Drake" NBA Mix-Drake Falls On Stage (Spoof Preview)  *  227's YouTube "Chili"-Drake-NBA Mix-DRAKE COLLAPSES/FALLS on STAGE!!!DEGRASSI ALL OVER AGAIN?! WTF HAPPENED?!  *  227's YouTube "Chili"-Drake-NBA Mix-Drake Collapses On Stage During AMWs Tour  *  227's YouTube "Chili"-Drake-NBA Mix-Drake collapsing comments [link in sidebar]  *  227's YouTube "Chili"-Drake-NBA Mix-Drake falls on Stage - Twan Talks Brunch ep1/09

227's YouTube "Chili" - Billboard 100 - Top Hip-Hop & R & B:


Beyonce * Maxwell * Mario ft. Gucci Mane & sean Garrett * Drake ft. Lil Wayne * Ginuwine * Fabolous Featuring The-Dream * Keyshia Cole Duet With Monica * Jay-Z, Rihanna & Kanye West * Gucci Mane Featuring Plies * Mary Mary Featuring Kierra "KiKi" Sheard * Ice Cream Paint Job * Pleasure P * Mariah Carey * Trey Songz * Trey Songz Featuring Gucci Mane & Soulja Boy Tell'em * R. Kelly Featuring Keri Hilson * K'Jon * Young Money * Twista Featuring Erika Shevon * Yo Gotti * New Boyz * Jeremih * Keri Hilson Featuring Kanye West & Ne-Yo * Musiq Soulchild * Whitney Houston * Anthony Hamilton * Charlie Wilson * Chrisette Michele * Jamie Foxx Featuring T-Pain * Plies * LeToya Featuring Ludacris * Mary J. Blige Featuring Drake * Mullage * Charlie Wilson * Jamie Foxx Featuring Drake, Kanye West + The-Dream * Jamie Foxx Featuring Drake, Kanye West + The-Dream * Jeremih * Mishon * Jennifer Hudson * Clipse Featuring Pharrell Williams * Kid Cudi Featuring Kanye West & Common * Raphael Saadiq Featuring Stevie Wonder & CJ * Anthony Hamilton Featuring David Banner * Jazmine Sullivan * Trey Songz Featuring Drake * F.L.Y. (Fast Life Yungstaz) * Laura Izibor
Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Chili")!
Beyonce * Shakira * Jordin Sparks * Mariah Carey * New Boyz * Jason DeRulo * Mario ft. Gucci Mane & Sean Garrett * Katy Perry * The Black Eyed Peas * Colby Caillat * Fabolous ft. The Dream * Jason Aldean * Daughtry * Lady Gaga * Michael Franti & Spearhead Featuring Cherine Anderson * Boys Like Girls * Flo Rida Featuring Ne-Yo * Dorrough * Green Day * Linkin Park * Pink * Justin Bieber * Rob Thomas * Maxwell * Jason Mraz * Young Money * The Fray * Rascal Flatts * Zac Brown Band * Shinedown * Disney's Friends For Change * Toby Keith * Darius Rucker * Cascada * Billy Currington * Justin Moore * Kid Cudi Featuring Kanye West & Common * Keith Urban * Randy Houser * Drake Featuring Lil Wayne * Jeremih * Pearl Jam * Kelly Clarkson * George Strait * LMFAO * Twista Featuring Erika Shevon * Uncle Kracker * Eric Church * Jack Ingram * Love And Theft * Parachute * Chris Young * Theory Of A Deadman * Tim McGraw * Sean Paul * Gloriana * Creed * Ginuwine * Keyshia Cole Duet With Monica * Blake Shelton * Iyaz

2009 NCAA Basketball Tournament! List of NCAA Division 1 Teams & Coaches at 227!


America East Conference Albany - Will Brown Binghamton - Kevin Broadus Boston University - Dennis Wolff Hartford - Dan Leibovitz Maine - Ted Woodward New Hampshire - Bill Herrion Stony Brook - Steve Pikiell UMBC - Randy Monroe Vermont - Mike Lonergan 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! America East Conference

Atlantic 10 Conference Charlotte - Bobby Lutz Dayton - Brian Gregory Duquesne - Ron Everhart Fordham - Dereck Whittenburg George Washington - Karl Hobbs La Salle - John Giannini Rhode Island - Jim Baron Richmond - Chris Mooney St. Bonaventure - Mark Schmidt Saint Joseph's - Phil Martelli Saint Louis - Rick Majerus Temple - Fran Dunphy UMass - Derek Kellogg Xavier - Sean Miller 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic 10 Conference

Atlantic Coast Conference Boston College - Al Skinner Clemson - Oliver Purnell Duke - Mike Krzyzewski Florida State - Leonard Hamilton Georgia Tech - Paul Hewitt Maryland - Gary Williams Miami (Florida) - Frank Haith North Carolina - Roy Williams North Carolina State - Sidney Lowe Virginia - Dave Leitao Virginia Tech - Seth Greenberg Wake Forest - Dino Gaudio 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic Coast Conference

Atlantic Sun Conference Belmont - Rick Byrd Campbell - Robbie Laing East Tennessee State - Murry Bartow Florida Gulf Coast - Dave Balza Jacksonville - Cliff Warren Kennesaw State - Tony Ingle Lipscomb - Scott Sanderson Mercer - Bob Hoffman North Florida - Matt Kilcullen Stetson - Derek Waugh USC Upstate - Eddie Payne 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic Sun Conference

Big 12 Conference Baylor - Scott Drew Colorado - Jeff Bzdelik Iowa State - Greg McDermott Kansas - Bill Self Kansas State - Frank Martin Missouri - Mike Anderson Nebraska - Doc Sadler Oklahoma - Jeff Capel III Oklahoma State - Travis Ford Texas - Rick Barnes Texas A&M - Mark Turgeon Texas Tech - Pat Knight 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big 12 Conference

Big East Conference Cincinnati - Mick Cronin Connecticut - Jim Calhoun DePaul - Jerry Wainwright Georgetown - John Thompson III Louisville - Rick Pitino Marquette - Buzz Williams Notre Dame - Mike Brey Pittsburgh - Jamie Dixon Providence - Keno Davis Rutgers - Fred Hill St. John's - Norm Roberts Seton Hall - Bobby Gonzalez South Florida - Stan Heath Syracuse - Jim Boeheim Villanova - Jay Wright West Virginia - Bobby Huggins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big East ConferenceJamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

Big Sky Conference Eastern Washington - Kirk Earlywine Idaho State - Joe O'Brien Montana - Wayne Tinkle Montana State - Brad Huse Northern Arizona - Mike Adras Northern Colorado - Tad Boyle Portland State - Ken Bone Sacramento State - Brian Katz Weber State - Randy Rahe 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big Sky Conference

Big South Conference Charleston Southern - Barclay Radebaugh Coastal Carolina - Cliff Ellis Gardner-Webb - Rick Scruggs High Point - Bart Lundy Liberty - Ritchie McKay Presbyterian - Gregg Nibert Radford - Brad Greenberg UNC-Asheville - Eddie Biedenbach VMI - Duggar Baucom Winthrop - Randy Peele 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big South Conference

Big Ten Conference Illinois - Bruce Weber Indiana - Tom Crean Iowa - Todd Lickliter Michigan - John Beilein Michigan State - Tom Izzo Minnesota - Tubby Smith Northwestern - Bill Carmody Ohio State - Thad Matta Penn State - Ed DeChellis Purdue - Matt Painter Wisconsin - Bo Ryan 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big Ten Conference

Big West Conference Cal Poly - Kevin Bromley Cal State Fullerton - Bob Burton Cal State Northridge - Bobby Braswell Long Beach State - Dan Monson Pacific - Bob Thomason UC Davis - Gary Stewart UC Irvine - Pat Douglass UC Riverside - Jim Wooldridge UC Santa Barbara - Bob Williams 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big West Conference

Colonial Athletic Association Delaware - Monte Ross Drexel - Bruiser Flint George Mason - Jim Larranaga Georgia State - Rod Barnes Hofstra - Tom Pecora James Madison - Matt Brady Northeastern - Bill Coen Old Dominion - Blaine Taylor Towson - Pat Kennedy UNC-Wilmington - Benny Moss Virginia Commonwealth - Anthony Grant William & Mary - Tony Shaver 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Colonial Athletic Association

Conference USA East Carolina - Mack McCarthy Houston - Tom Penders Marshall - Donnie Jones Memphis - John Calipari Rice - Ben Braun Southern Methodist - Matt Doherty Southern Mississippi - Larry Eustachy Tulane - Dave Dickerson Tulsa - Doug Wojcik UAB - Mike Davis UCF - Kirk Speraw UTEP - Tony Barbee 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Conference USAJamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

Horizon League  - Butler - Brad Stevens Cleveland State - Gary Waters Detroit - Ray McCallum Loyola (Chicago) - Jim Whitesell UIC - Jimmy Collins UW-Green Bay - Tod Kowalczyk UW-Milwaukee - Rob Jeter Valparaiso - Homer Drew Wright State - Brad Brownell Youngstown State - Jerry Slocum 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Horizon League

Independents Bryant - Tim O'Shea Cal State Bakersfield - Keith Brown Chicago State - Benjy Taylor Houston Baptist - Ron Cottrell Longwood - Mike Gillian New Jersey Institute of Technology - Jim Engles North Carolina Central - Henry Dickerson Savannah State - Horace Broadnax SIU-Edwardsville - Lennox Forrester Texas-Pan American - Tom Schuberth Utah Valley - Dick Hunsaker 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! NCAA Division I independent schools (basketball)

Ivy League Brown - Jesse Agel Columbia - Joe Jones Cornell - Steve Donahue Dartmouth - Terry Dunn Harvard - Tommy Amaker Penn - Glen Miller Princeton - Sydney Johnson Yale - James Jones 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Ivy League

Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference Canisius - Tom Parrotta Fairfield - Ed Cooley Iona - Kevin Willard Loyola (Maryland) - Jimmy Patsos Manhattan - Barry Rohrssen Marist - Chuck Martin Niagara - Joe Mihalich Rider - Tommy Dempsey St. Peter's - John Dunne Siena - Fran McCaffery 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-American Conference

Mid-American Conference Akron – Keith Dambrot Ball State – Billy Taylor Bowling Green – Louis Orr Buffalo – Reggie Witherspoon Central Michigan – Ernie Ziegler Eastern Michigan – Charles Ramsey Kent State – Geno Ford Miami – Charlie Coles Northern Illinois – Ricardo Patton Ohio – John Groce Toledo – Gene Cross Western Michigan – Steve Hawkins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-American Conference

Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference Bethune-Cookman - Clifford Reed Coppin State - Ron Mitchell Delaware State - Greg Jackson Florida A&M - Mike Gillespie Hampton - Kevin Nickelberry Howard - Gil Jackson Maryland-Eastern Shore - Meredith Smith Morgan State - Todd Bozeman Norfolk State - Anthony Evans North Carolina A&T - Jerry Eaves South Carolina State - Tim Carter Winston-Salem State - Bobby Collins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-Eastern Athletic ConferenceJamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

Missouri Valley Conference Bradley - Jim Les Creighton - Dana Altman Drake - Mark Phelps Evansville - Marty Simmons Illinois State - Tim Jankovich Indiana State - Kevin McKenna Missouri State - Cuonzo Martin Northern Iowa - Ben Jacobson Southern Illinois - Chris Lowery Wichita State - Gregg Marshall 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Missouri Valley Conference

Mountain West Conference Air Force - Jeff Reynolds Brigham Young - Dave Rose Colorado State - Tim Miles New Mexico - Steve Alford San Diego State - Steve Fisher Texas Christian - Neil Dougherty UNLV - Lon Kruger Utah - Jim Boylen Wyoming - Heath Schroyer 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mountain West Conference

Northeast Conference Central Connecticut State - Howie Dickenman Fairleigh Dickinson - Tom Green LIU-Brooklyn - Jim Ferry Monmouth - Dave Calloway Mount St. Mary's - Milan Brown Quinnipiac - Tom Moore Robert Morris - Mike Rice Jr. Sacred Heart - Dave Bike St. Francis (PA) - Don Friday St. Francis (NY) - Brian Nash Wagner - Mike Deane 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Northeast Conference

Ohio Valley Conference Austin Peay - Dave Loos Eastern Illinois - Mike Miller Eastern Kentucky - Jeff Neubauer Jacksonville State - James Green Morehead State - Donnie Tyndall Murray State - Billy Kennedy Southeast Missouri - Zac Roman Tennessee-Martin - Bret Campbell Tennessee State - Cy Alexander Tennessee Tech - Mike Sutton 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Ohio Valley Conference

Pacific-10 Conference Arizona - Russ Pennell Arizona State - Herb Sendek California - Mike Montgomery Oregon - Ernie Kent Oregon State - Craig Robinson Stanford - Johnny Dawkins UCLA - Ben Howland USC - Tim Floyd Washington - Lorenzo Romar Washington State - Tony Bennett 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Pacific-10 Conference

Patriot League American - Jeff Jones Army - Jim Crews Bucknell - Dave Paulsen Colgate - Emmett Davis Holy Cross - Ralph Willard Lafayette - Fran O'Hanlon Lehigh - Brett Reed Navy - Billy Lange 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Patriot League

Southeastern Conference Alabama - Philip Pearson Arkansas - John Pelphrey Auburn - Jeff Lebo Florida - Billy Donovan Georgia - Pete Herrmann Kentucky - Billy Gillispie LSU - Trent Johnson Mississippi - Andy Kennedy Mississippi State - Rick Stansbury South Carolina - Darrin Horn Tennessee - Bruce Pearl Vanderbilt - Kevin Stallings 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southeastern Conference

Southern Conference Appalachian State - Houston Fancher Chattanooga - John Shulman The Citadel - Ed Conroy College of Charleston - Bobby Cremins Davidson - Bob McKillop Elon - Ernie Nestor Furman - Jeff Jackson Georgia Southern - Jeff Price Samford - Jimmy Tillette UNC-Greensboro - Mike Dement Western Carolina - Larry Hunter Wofford - Mike Young 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southern ConferenceJamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

Southland Conference Central Arkansas - Rand Chappell Lamar - Steve Roccaforte McNeese State - Dave Simmons Nicholls State - J. P. Piper Northwestern State - Mike McConathy Sam Houston State - Bob Marlin Southeastern Louisiana - Jim Yarbrough Stephen F. Austin - Danny Kaspar Texas A&M-Corpus Christi - Perry Clark Texas-Arlington - Scott Cross Texas-San Antonio - Brooks Thompson Texas State - Doug Davalos 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southland Conference

Southwestern Athletic Conference Alabama A&M - L. Vann Pettaway Alabama State - Lewis Jackson Alcorn State - Samuel West Arkansas-Pine Bluff - George Ivory Grambling State - Larry Wright Jackson State - Tevester Anderson Mississippi Valley State - Sean Woods Prairie View A&M - Byron Rimm II Southern - Rob Spivery Texas Southern - Tony Harvey 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southwestern Athletic Conference

The Summit League Centenary - Greg Gary IPFW - Dane Fife IUPUI - Ron Hunter North Dakota State - Saul Phillips Oakland - Greg Kampe Oral Roberts - Scott Sutton South Dakota State - Scott Nagy Southern Utah - Roger Reid UMKC - Matt Brown Western Illinois - Derek Thomas 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! The Summit League

Sun Belt Conference Arkansas-Little Rock - Steve Shields Arkansas State - Dickey Nutt Denver - Joe Scott Florida Atlantic - Mike Jarvis Florida International - Sergio Rouco Louisiana-Lafayette - Robert Lee Louisiana-Monroe - Orlando Early Middle Tennessee - Kermit Davis New Orleans - Joe Pasternack North Texas - Johnny Jones South Alabama - Ronnie Arrow Troy - Don Maestri Western Kentucky - Ken McDonald 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Sun Belt Conference

West Coast Conference Gonzaga - Mark Few Loyola Marymount - Rodney Tention Pepperdine - Vance Walberg Portland - Eric Reveno Saint Mary's - Randy Bennett San Diego - Bill Grier San Francisco - Rex Walters Santa Clara - Kerry Keating 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! West Coast Conference

Western Athletic Conference Boise State - Greg Graham Fresno State - Steve Cleveland Hawai?i - Bob Nash Idaho - Don Verlin Louisiana Tech - Kerry Rupp Nevada - Mark Fox New Mexico State - Marvin Menzies San Jose State - George Nessman Utah State - Stew Morrill 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Western Athletic ConferenceJamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

227's YouTuBe-NFL!
  NFL on Television  1981 NFL Draft  1950 NFL Draft  2000 NFL Draft  2002 NFL Draft  1970 NFL Draft  2003 NFL Draft  2004 NFL Draft  1969 National Football League Draft  Super Bowl I  National Football League Playoffs  2005 NFL Draft  2008 NFL season  2006 NFL Draft  2007 National Football League Draft  Madden NFL  The NFL on Westwood One  227's YouTuBe-NFL!  NFL playoffs, 2004–05  NFL playoffs, 2003–04 227's YouTube-NFL "Super Bowl!"   227's YouTube-NFL "Super Bowl!"   227's YouTube NFL "Super Bowl!"   227's YouTuBe O.J. Simpson (Da Juice!)!   227's YouTube-NFL "Super Bowl!"   227's YouTube-NFL "Super Bowl!"  Super Bowl XXXIX  Super Bowl XL  Super Bowl I  Super Bowl XLI  Super Bowl XLII Super Bowl XXXVIII  Super Bowl XXXVI  Super Bowl XXXVII  Super Bowl XXXV  Super Bowl XXXI  Super Bowl XX  Super Bowl XXV  227's Sunday Night Football Extra!

New York Giants
  2006 New York Giants season  1986 New York Giants season  2007 New York Giants season  Miami Dolphins  2007 Miami Dolphins season  2006 Miami Dolphins season  History of the Miami Dolphins  2008 Miami Dolphins season  Dolphins–Jets rivalry  Dallas Cowboys  2005 Dallas Cowboys season  2007 Dallas Cowboys season  2008 Dallas Cowboys season  2006 Dallas Cowboys season  Dallas Cowboys New Stadium  Oakland Raiders  2008 Oakland Raiders season  2006 Oakland Raiders season  Chiefs–Raiders rivalry  Denver Broncos  2008 Denver Broncos season  2007 Denver Broncos season  2006 Denver Broncos season

227's YouTube Most Popular Videos!  Featuring: A Merry Gangsta Christmas!  Kenneth Darby Gets JACKED UP!!! by NFL Umpire Garth DeFelice Thundercats Movie trailer (fanmade)  Blow your nose! All Hot Girls Love James Bond... Demi Lovato Cuts La La Land! - Jen Aniston Gets Naked! - Mamma's Boys! Momento Amy Winehouse a volta de Rodrigo (21/12/2008) 227's YouTube Most Popular Videos!    227's YouTube Most Popular Videos!   227's YouTube Most Popular Videos!    227's YouTube Most Popular Videos!

227's "Dancing with the Stars" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")!
http://www.hoops227.com/youtube_dancing_with_the_stars_videos_show_series.html
http://www.hoops227.com/youtube_dancing_with_the_stars_videos_shows_series.html

227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (U.S. season 5)
  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (U.S. season 4)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (video game)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (card game)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (Australian TV series)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (New Zealand TV series)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (U.S. season 7)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (U.S. season 6)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Emmitt Smith  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Warren Sapp  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Stacy Keibler  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Lisa Rinna  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Kenny Mayne (ESPN)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Mark Ballas  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Jason Taylor (American football)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Kristi Yamaguchi  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Drew Lachey  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Tom Bergeron  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Hélio Castroneves  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Kym Johnson  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Karina Smirnoff  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Ashly DelGrosso  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Julianne Hough  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Tony Dovolani  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Edyta Sliwinska  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-List of Julianne Hough performances on Dancing with the Stars  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Maksim Chmerkovskiy  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars: We Dance!  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (U.S. season 1)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dança dos Famosos  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Bailando por un sueño (Argentina)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Taniec z Gwiazdami  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (U.S. season 8)Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

227's Coors Light Happy Hour-Locator (YouTube "Chili")!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_coors_happy_hour_locator_bar_club_dance.html
227's YouTube "Chili"-MTV-America's Best Dance Crew! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/mtv_americas_best_dance_crew_episode_highlights.html
227's-"Love Tester Widget" (NBA)! Cassanova, Hot Stuff, Clammy, Passionate, Wild, Mild, Cold Fish!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/love_tester_widget_u_tube_cassanova_wild_hot_cold.html
227's DC Universe Bobbleheads-"Superman" (YouTube "Chili"-NBA)! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/dc_universe_bobblehead_superman_youtube_showdown.html
227's DC Universe Bobbleheads-"The Joker (NBA)!" (YouTube "Chili")! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/dc_universe_bobblehead_joker_u_tube_super_villain.html
227's DC Universe Bobbleheads-"Harley Quinn (NBA) "Villains In The Batman)!" YouTube "Chili")! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/dc_universe_bobblehead_harley_quinn_youtube_gotham.html
227's DC Universe Bobbleheads-"wONDER wOMAN (NBA)" (YouTube "Chili")! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/dc_bobblehead_wonder_woman_utube_hero_comic_book.html
227's DC Universe Bobbleheads-"Green Lantern (NBA)!" (YouTube "Chili")! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/dc_bobblehead_green_lantern_u_tube_trailer_version.html
227's Mortal Kombat (NBA)-"Chilly Villains"-Mortal Kombat Fatalities/Mortal Kombat Armageddon (Wii)/Mortal Kombat Fatalities/Mortal Kombat Theme at 227! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_mortal_kombat_fatality_theme_video_game.html  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_mortal_kombat_armageddon_annihilation_nba.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_mortal_combat_characters_sub_zero_trilogy.html

227's-YouTube "Chili"-Miley Cyrus (Hannah Montana-NBA)-"The Climb!"
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_miley_cyrus_the_climb_hannah_montana_nba.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-Eminem! Sasha Baron Cohen's 'Bruno' makes Eminem blush/3 a.m.!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_chili_nba_eminem_videos_3_am_sasha_bruno.html


New at 227:

227's "Chili" Blog Logs!

227's "CHILI"-Blog Logs-Celebz! YOUTUBE!!! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_celebrity_blog_celebuzz_posts_links_social.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/utube_blog_post_reponse_nba_movie_music_fashion_tv.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_beyonce_blog_comments_message_board_social.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_britney_spears_blog_message_board_social.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_jonas_brothers_blog_comment_video_media.html

"Chili (227)" Obama Girl Blog (NBA Mix)! YOUTUBE "Chili"-Obama Girl! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_obama_girl_blog_video_comment_parody_talk.html
"Chili (227)" American Idol Blog (NBA Mix)! YOUTUBE "Chili"-American Idol! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_american_idol_vidoe_blog_comments_post_tv.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_kris_allen_american_idol_2009_blog_comment.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_danny_gokey_american_idol_blog_comment_tv.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_american_idol_blog_message_be_without_you.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-Jack Nicholson-LA Lakers Fan! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_jack_nicholson_joker_prank_call_nba_lakers.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_jack_nicholson_movie_impersonation_lakers.html

227's YOUTUBE "Kardashian"-"Chili (NBA)"-Kim, Kourtney, Khloe, Robert Jr., & Keeping Up w/The Kardashians "Reality TV!" http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_kim_kourtney_keeping_up_with_kardashians.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_kim_kardashian_nba_dance_makeup_tutorial.html
Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

New at 227:
227's Tyra Banks - America's Next Top Model - YouTube "Chili!"
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_international_tyra_banks_antm_top_model.html

227's Tyra Banks - Britain's Next Top Model - YouTube "Chili!" http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/u_tube_britains_next_top_model_tyra_banks_uk_sdtv.html
 227's America's Next Top Model-Tyra Banks-YouTube "Chili"-America's Next Top Model, Cycle 12  227's America's Next Top Model-Tyra Banks-YouTube "Chili"-America's Next Top Model, Cycle 6  227's America's Next Top Model-Tyra Banks-YouTube "Chili"-America's Next Top Model, Cycle 7  227's America's Next Top Model-Tyra Banks-YouTube "Chili"-America's Next Top Model, Cycle 8  227's America's Next Top Model-Tyra Banks-YouTube "Chili"-America's Next Top Model, Cycle 1
YouTube "Chili"-"Sugar" Rashad Evans UFC Fights/"Sugar" Rashad Evans Knockouts/ "Sugar" Rashad Evans Sugar" Rashad Evans Sugar" Rashad Evans vs. Rampage Jackson at 227- http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_sugar_rashad_evans_ufc_98_ultimate_fights.html
"Ultimate Fighting Championship!"
  227's UFC-Pay-Per-View (YouTube "Chili!")! Pay-Per-View UFC/Pay-Per-View UFC Fights/Pay-Per-View UFC KnockOuts/Pay-Per-View HD/Pay-Per-View at 227! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/utube_ufc_pay_per_view_fights_hd_exclusive_feature.html UFC-57 (Ultimate Fighting Championship)!  UFC 61-"Ultimate Fighting Championship!"  UFC 73!  UFC-66  UFC-74 (Ultimate Fighting Championship)!  UFC-1 (Ultimate Fighting Championship)!
227's YouTube-Jim Rome-"Smack-Off" ESPN Radio listeners & "Smack-Talk" at 227!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_jim_rome_smack_off_competition_radio_talk.html
227's You Tube "Chili"-Shania Twain http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_shania_twain_from_this_moment_on_forever.html
227's You Tube "Chili"-Alison Krauss http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_alison_krauss_when_u_say_nothing_at_all.html
227's You Tube "Chili"-Ronan Keating http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ronan_keating_baby_can_i_hold_lulu_boyzone.html
227's You Tube "Chili"-Cat Stevens http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_cat_stevens_yusuf_islam_allah_father_tour.html
Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

227's YouTube "Chili"-Jessica Alba (NBA)! Jessica Alba (Sin City) & Hayden Christiansen Use The Force/Jessica Alba (Playboy Cover)/Jessica Alba in "Awake" w/Hayden Christiansen! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_jessica_alba_hayden_christiansen_force.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.tv/youtube_jessica_alba_sin_city_hayden_christiansen.html
 
227's YouTube "Chili"-Hayden Christiansen (NBA)! Hayden Christiansen (Anakin Skywalker-Star Wars), "Awake" & more at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_hayden_christiansen_star_wars_awake_alba.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-Sin City! Sin City Trailer/Sin City Soundtrack/Sin City Movie/Sin City at 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_sin_city_trailer_soundtrack_theme_movie_tv.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-Bruce Willis! Bruce Willis in "Sin City"/Bruce Willis Movies/Bruce Willis Singing/Bruce Willis "Blues Band"/Bruce Willis "Die Hard" & more at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_bruce_willis_sin_city_movie_singing_blues.html

227's "Hooters" Girls (YouTube "Chili"-NBA)! "Hooters" International Bikini Pageant/"Hooters" Chanel Models/"Hooters" Shows/"Hooters" Bikinis/"Hooters" Contest/Hooters Girls at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_hooters_girls_international_bikini_pageant.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_hooters_girls_tour_hotel_racing_pro_cup.html

227's "Hooters"/NBA (YouTube "Chili" COMBO)! Hooters & NBA Videos/Hooters & NBA Highlights/Hooters & NBA Action at 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_hooters_chili_nba_highlight_video_combo.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_hooters_chili_nba_highlight_video_combo_1.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_hooters_chili_nba_highlight_video_combo_2.html

227's-Indianapolis Motor Speedway! Indianapolis Motor Speedway Race Results, Indianapolis Motor Speedway Radio Network, Indianapolis Motor Speedway Drivers, Indy 500 at 227! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/utube_indianapolis_motor_speedway_race_car_results.html 
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_indy_motor_speedway_race_car_drivers_500.html
 
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_indianapolis_motor_speedway_radio_network.html
 
227's YouTube "Chili"-Indy 500-2008 Indianapolis 500
  227's YouTube "Chili"-Indy 500-2007 Indianapolis 500  227's YouTube "Chili"-Indy 500-1992 Indianapolis 500  227's YouTube "Chili"-Indy 500-2002 Indianapolis 500  227's YouTube "Chili"-Indy 500-IndyCar Series  227's YouTube "Chili"-Indy 500-1987 Indianapolis 500  227's YouTube "Chili"-Indy 500-2005 Indianapolis 500Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

227's YouTube "Chili"-Funniest Home Videos

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_funny_home_video_funniest_stupid_things.html

227's YouTube-"Teens"
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_teens_pop_film_drama_culture_magazine.html

227's YouTube-"Jail"
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_jail_paris_in_jail_behind_bars_jailhouse.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-"Showers"
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_shower_hidden_camera_prank_party_scene_tv.html

227's YouTube-"Obama Girl"
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_obama_girl_i_got_a_crush_on_obama_stimulus.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-Barack Obama
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_barack_obama_speech_dancing_spoof_ti_remix.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-iTunes!http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/u_tube_itunes_play_music_purchased_music_review_tv.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/utube_itunes_lyrics_weekly_free_itunes_downloads.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_itune_nba_store_player_music_store_iphone.html

227's YouTube BGT-"Natalie Okri" 10 Year Old Singer - Britains Got Talent 2009 Ep 6-  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_natalie_okri_britains_got_talent_2009_Ep_6.html

New at 227:
227's Facebook/NBA "Chili!"
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_facebook_website_links_feature_era_beacon.html
227's FaceBook "Chili! (YOUTUBE)" Facebook Links/FACEBOOK Network/FACEBOOK Music/FACEBOOK Entertainment/227 FACEBOOK!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_facebook_website_rss_feed_social_network.html

227's Jim Rome Show (Radio Talk & YOUTUBE)
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_jim_rome_sports_radio_talk_show_guest_live.html

227's-Jim Rome Show (ESPN Radio Talk & Soundbites)!http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_jim_rome_sports_radio_talk_show_guest_espn.html

227's YouTube-Patrick Ewing #33 (NBA's New York Knicks & Georgetown Hoyas)! Assistant Basketball Coach-Orlando Magic (NBA)!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_patrick_ewing_new_york_knicks_georgetown.html
227's-Kenny "The Jet" Smith-Carolina Basketball Camp (YouTube UNC Tar Heels-TNT/NBA)!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/kenny_smith_carolina_basketball_camp_unc_tarheels.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-Pussycat Dolls (Jai Ho-NBA Mix)!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_pussycat_dolls_jai_ho_links_when_i_grow_up.html


227's YouTube "Chili" Latina-Andressa Soares!

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_andressa_soares_brazilian_workout_gym_tv.html

227's YouTube "Chili" Latina-Andressa Soares-Hispanic  227's YouTube "Chili" Latina-Andressa Soares-Hispanic and Latino Americans  227's YouTube "Chili" Latina-Andressa Soares-Latina (magazine)  227's YouTube "Chili" Latina-Andressa Soares-Latina, Italy  227's YouTube "Chili" Latina-Andressa Soares-Province of Latina
227's YouTube "Chili"-Latina!

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_latina_cuban_mexican_puerto_rican_dancer.html
227's YouTube "Chili" Latina (NBA)-Andressa Soares-17/05/2009 MULHER MELANCIA-Set 1
227's YouTube "Chili"-Latina!

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_chili_latina_hispanic_soares_dance_videos.html
227's YouTube "Chili" Latino-Don Omar! "Ella Y Yo," "Dile," Don Omar Latino Hits & more at 227!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_don_omar_chili_dile_puerto_rico_ella_y_yo.html
227's YouTube "Chili" LATINO-TITO "El Bambino"-"sOUL pLAYA Y aRENA (FT. jADIEL)," "De La Ghetto" ft. Randy, "El Tra," & more at 227 (Chilli)! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_tito_el_bambino_jadiel_sol_playa_y_arena.html
227's YouTube "Chili" Latino-Victor Manuelle "Si La Ves," Don Omar, "El Father," "Tango Ganas," & more at 227 (Chilli)! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_victor_manuelle_si_la_ves_omar_tango_ganas.html
227's YouTube-"Twitter!" Twitter NBA/Twitter NFL/Twitter Music/Twitter Tweets/Twitter TV/Twitter Movies at 227!

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_twitter_227_social_network_blog_video_chat.html
Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

227's YouTube "Chuck" Charles Barkley (TNT-NBA Playoffs)-Charles Barkley's Golf Swing Interpreted by Tiger Woods! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_charles_barkley_golfswing_nba_tnt_playoffs.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_charles_barkley_chuck_tnt_nba_webber_smith.html

227's YouTube "Fab 5" Michigan Wolverines Basketball!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_fab_5_basketball_michigan_webber_rose_king.html

227's YouTube "C-Webb" Chris Webber (TNT-NBA Playoffs)! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_chris_webber_tnt_nba_playoff_shoes_barkley.html
227's JalenTV on YouTube- YouTube videos & NBA commentary on ESPN's Mike & Mike! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_jalen_rose_espn_nba_basketball_jalentv.html
227's YouTube "Chili"-Reggie Miller #31 (NBA) "For Three"-Reggie Miller's historic "Three Point Shots" at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_reggie_miller_nba_pacers_winning_3_pointer.html
227's Bill Russell-"Captain of the Boston Celtics" 11-Time NBA World Champion!
 http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_bill_russell_boston_celtics_nba_auerbach.html 
227's Larry Bird (#33) Boston Celtics http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_larry_bird_boston_celtics_mvp_nba_tv.html
227's Tim Duncan (San Antonio Spurs) on YouTube! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_tim_duncan_san_antonio_spurs_nba_career_tv.html  

227's NBA Players:

Patrick Ewing- the Georgetown Hoyas & NBA!
  Isiah Thomas!  Magic Johnson   Clyde "The Glide" Drexler! Kareem Abdul-Jabbar  Julius Erving  Carmelo Anthony  LeBron James  Kobe Bryant!  NBA Access w/ Ahmad Rashad!  227's Ahmad Rashad-NBA & NFL Action! 227's Ahmad Rashad-NBA TV  227's Ahmad Rashad-"Rashad"  227's Ahmad Rashad-Phylicia Rashad  227's Ahamad Rashad-NBA Inside Stuff  227's Ahmad Rashad-NBA Access with Ahmad Rashad  The Best Ncaa Basketball Coaches!   Lenny Wilkins- Brooklyn's Basketball Legend! 227's YoUtuBe-ISIAH! Hakeem "The Dream" Olajuwon!  Bill Walton- UCLA & the NBA!  227's YouTubbe "LeBron!"-LeBron James   YouTubbe "Melo!"-Carmelo Anthony!  227's YouTubbe "A.I."-Allen Iverson!   227's YouTubbe "D Wade!"-Dwayne Wade!   227's uTubbe Steve Nash!

New at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227-the everything basketball & YouTube entertainment website!

227's YouTube "Chilli"-Marvel Comics!    

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/utube_marvel_comics_hulk_spiderman_thor_x_men.html

227's YouTube "Chilli"-DC Comics!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_dc_comics_superman_batman_cartoons_movies.html

227's YouTube "Chilli"-Comics!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_marvel_comics_dc_videos.html

227's YouTube "Chilli"-Movies!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_movies_films_actors_tv_series_video_drama.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_movies_films_actors_tv_series_video_comics.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-Darth Vader (NBA & Star Wars)! "Luke, I'm Your Fatha (James Earl Jones)!"-http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_darth_vader_nba_star_wars_james_earl_jones.html
227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-Luke Skywalker
  227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-Mark Hamill  227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-Obi-Wan Kenobi  227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-Tatooine  227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-Princess Leia Organa  227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-Carrie Fisher  227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-Anakin Skywalker  227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-Jacen Solo  227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-C-3PO

Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227-"YouTube" Entertainment/"YouTube" Entertainment Weekly/"YouTube" Entertainment Tonight/"YouTube" Entertainment Book/"YouTube" Entertainment News at 227!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/Jamaal_Al_Din_s_Hoops_227_entertainment_you_tube.html  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/Jamaal_Al_Din_s_Hoops_227_film_animation_reviews.html  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/Jamaal_Al_Din_s_Hoops_227_music_video_notes_charts.html  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/Jamaal_Al_Din_s_Hoops_227_youtube_favorite_special.html

227's YouTube-Ne-Yo/Sexy Love (NBA)! Ne-Yo Sexy Love/Ne-Yo Videos/Neyo & Island Def Jam/Neyo at 227!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_neyo_sexy_love_kate_sutherland_island_def.html  227's YouTube-Ne-Yo-"Mad"/Ne-Yo "Mad" Aol premiere video (NBA)/Ne-Yo "Mad" video at 227!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_neyo_mad_aol_premiere_narrative_hip_hop.html  
227's YouTube "Chili"-Justin Timberlake "Cry Me A River"/Justin Timberlake "Love Stoned"/Justin Timberlake videos  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/utube_justin_timberlake_cry_me_a_river_luv_stoned.html  227's YouTube "Chili"-Justin Timberlake (NBA) "LoveStoned"-Justin Timberlake! Justin Timberlake "Luv Stoned" iTunes/Justin Timberlake "Love Stoned" Remix/"LoveStoned"  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/utube_justin_timberlake_lovestoned_think_she_knows.html  227's YouTube "Chili" Rick Ross-"Mafia Music (NBA)" & "Hustlin"/Rick Ross ft. FatJoe, The Game, Ja Rule/Rick Ross!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_rick_ross_mafia_music_2009_ja_rule_fat_joe.html
  Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!


227's YouTube "Chili!"

2Pac 50 Cent A Adam Tensta Akon Aaliyah Ashanti Andre 3000 B Bow Wow Bobby Valentino Beyonce Bone Thugs n Harmony Birdman (rapper) Busta Rhymes Bobby Fischer C Chris Brown Cherish Cassidy Chingy Chamillionaire Christina Milian Chrisette Michele Cashis Ciara Cypress Hill Calzone Mafia Cuban Link D Destiny's Child DJ Clue Demetri Montaque Danity Kane Day 26 Donnie D12 DJ Khaled Dr. Dre E E-40 Eminem Eazy-E F Fabolous Flo Rida Fat Joe Frankie J G G-Unit The Game H Hurricane Chris I Ice Cube J Jay-Z J.R. Rotem J Holiday Jordan Sparks K Kanye West Kelly Rowland keri hilson The Kreators L Lil' Kim Lil' Mo Lil Jon Lil Mama Lloyd Banks Lil Wayne Ludacris Lloyd Lil Mama Lil Eazy-E Leona lewis M MC Hammer Mike Shorey MF Doom Mariah Carey Mario Mary J. Blige N Ne-Yo Nate Dogg Niia N.W.A. Notorious B.I.G. Nas Nick Cannon Nelly Necro O Olivia Omarion Obie Trice Old Dirty Bastard P Public Enemy Plies P Diddy pink Pharcyde Q R Red Cafe Run DMC Ray J R Kelly Rihanna Rick Ross (rapper) S Sean Combs Sean Kingston Snoop Dogg Stargate Sean Garrett Suge Knight Soulja Boy Tell 'Em Stat Quo shakira T The Notorious B.I.G. Tupac Shakur Trina Tyrese T-Pain Three 6 Mafia T.I. Too Phat U Usher V V.I.C. W Warren G Wyclef Jean Wu Tang Clan will.i.am X Xzibit Y Young Jeezy Yung Berg Z

New at 227:

227's YouTube "Chili"-T.O."Terrell Owens" http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_t_o_terrell_owens_workout_reality_tv_nfl.html 
227's YouTube "Chili"-Kristinia DeBarge "Goodbye" (NBA)! Kristinia DeBarge Songs/Kristinia DeBarge Hits/Kristinia DeBarge Lyrics/Kristinia DeBarge Remix/Kristinia DeBarge CD/Kristinia DeBarge at 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_kristinia_debarge_music_goodbye_lyrics_mtv.html 
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/u_tube_kristinia_debarge_goodbye_lyrics_nba_itunes.html
 
227's YouTube "Chili"-"Mulan"-Walt Disney (NBA)! Mulan Songs/Mulan Musical Hits/Mulan Animation/Mulan Cartoon Movie!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_mulan_walt_disney_make_man_out_of_you_song.html
227's YouTube "Chili"-Kevin Federline (NBA) "Exclusive Kevin Federline Interview"/Kevin Federline, Britney Spears Interview/Kevin Federline Music! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/utube_kevin_federline_exclusive_interview_britney.html 
227's Reality TV Tube (NBA)!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_reality_tv_variety_et_online_hollywood_mtv.html 
227's "Hollywood" (NBA) Entertainment (YouTube "Chili")! 
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_hollywood_entertainment_et_online_reporter.html
227's YouTube "Chili"-Jordan McCoy (NBA)-"American Juniors"/Jordan McCoy "Beyonce" Acoustic/Rihanna Acoustic/Britney Spears Acoustic/Jordan McCoy at 227! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_jordan_mccoy_american_juniors_nba_acoustic.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/u_tube_jordan_mccoy_diddy_just_watch_me_big_girls.html

 
227's YouTube "Chili" Classics!


Michael Jackson Bing Crosby U.S. The Beatles AC/DC ABBA Alla Bee Gees Bob Marley Celine Dion Cliff Richard The Drifters Elton John Herbert von Karajan Julio Iglesias Led Zeppelin Madonna Mariah Carey  Elvis Presley Nana Mouskouri Pink Floyd The Rolling Stones Tino Rossi Wei Wei

Adriano Celentano
Aerosmith Backstreet Boys Barry White Billy Joel Bon Jovi Boney M. The Carpenters Charles Aznavour Cher Chicago Dave Clark Five David Bowie Deep Purple Depeche Mode Dire Straits Dolly Parton The Eagles Electric Engelbert Humperdinck Fats Domino Fleetwood Mac The Four Seasons Frank Sinatra Garth Brooks Genesis George Michael Guns N' Roses James Last The Jackson 5 Janet Jackson Johnny Hallyday Kenny Rogers Lionel Richie Luciano Pavarotti Metallica Michiya Mihashi Mireille Mathieu Modern Talking Neil Diamond Olivia Newton-John Patti Page Paul McCartney Perry Como Pet Shop Boys Phil Collins Prince Queen Ricky Nelson Roberto Carlos Rod Stewart Salvatore Adamo Status Quo Stevie Wonder Teresa Teng Tina Turner Tom Jones U2 Valeriya The Ventures Whitney Houston The Who

Annie Lennox B'z Britney Spears Carlos Santana Dalida
Earth, Wind & Fire Eddy Arnold Eminem Eurythmics Gloria Estefan Hibari Misora Journey Scorpions Van Halen Ace of Base Alan Jackson Country Alice Cooper Hard rock Andrea Bocelli Opera The Andrews Sisters Swing Ayumi Hamasaki Pop Black Sabbath Heavy metal Barbra Streisand Pop / Adult contemporary Beach Boys Rock Pop Bob Dylan Folk / Rock Bob Seger Rock Boston Arena rock Boyz II Men R&B Bruce Springsteen Rock Bryan Adams Def Leppard Destiny's Child R&B / Pop Dreams Come True Pop / Jazz Duran Duran Enya Ireland Four Tops George Strait Glay Iron Maiden Jay-Z Hip hop Jean Michel Jarre Jethro Tull Johnny Cash Kazuhiro Moriuchi Kiss Hard rock Kenny G Kylie Minogue Luis Miguel Linkin Park Meat Loaf Michael Bolton Mills Brothers Mötley Crüe Mr.Children Nat King Cole New Kids on the Block Nirvana 'N Sync Oasis Orhan Gencebay Pearl Jam Petula Clark Red Hot Chili Peppers The Police Ray Conniff Reba McEntire R.E.M. Richard Clayderman Ricky Martin Robbie Williams Roxette Sweden Shakira Colombia
The Seekers Australia Spice Girls
Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers Tony Bennett T.Rex UB40 Vicente Fernandez Village People Willie NelsonJamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!


227's-StubHubTickets Masters! Stubhub NBA, NFL, MLB, Concerts & more at 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/tickets_sale_buy_concert_nba_nfl_mlb_concert_sell.html

227's-StubHubTickets Masters! Stubhub NBA, NFL, MLB, Concerts & more at 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/tickets_sale_buy_concert_nba_nfl_mlb_concert_sell1.html

227's-StubHubTickets Masters! Stubhub NBA, NFL, MLB, Concerts & more at 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/tickets_sale_buy_concert_nba_nfl_mlb_concert_sell2.html

227's-DirecTV & Dish Network!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/DirecTV_dish_network_channels_network_satellite.html

227's-DirecTV & Dish Network! List of DirecTV Channels!  227's DirecTV & Dish Network-TNT (TV network)  227's DirecTV-HD Theater  227's DirecTV-HDNet  227's DirecTV-The 101 Network  227's DirecTV-CNN  227's DirecTV-HLN (TV network)  227's DirecTV-ESPNews  227's DirecTV-ESPN Classic  227's DirecTV-NFL Network  227's DirecTV-MLB Network  227's DirecTV-NHL Network (United States)  227's DirecTV-Tennis Channel  227's DirecTV-Golf Channel  227's DirecTV-Liquidation Channel  227's DirecTV-Home & Garden Television  227's DirecTV-DIY Network  227's DirecTV-Food Network  227's DirecTV-Fine Living  227's DirecTV-Gems TV  227's DirecTV-Style Network  227's DirecTV-E!  227's DirecTV-TV Guide Network  227's DirecTV-ReelzChannel  227's DirecTV-Home Shopping Network  227's DirecTV-Spike (TV channel)  227's DirecTV-USA Network  227's DirecTV-Sci Fi Channel (United States)  227's DirecTV-truTV

227's Casino & Slots! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/casino_poker_black_jack_roulette_keno_solitaire.html
227's Casino & Slots!  227's Casino & Slots! Casino  227's Casino & Slots! Casino (film)game http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/casino_slots_money_cash_prizes_earnings_free_play.html


"Pistol" Pete Maravich!
  Larry Bird!  2007-08 NBA Basketball Awards!  Opening Night in the NBA!  CHRIS CHILDS "C-squared" at 227!  Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, NBA/NCAA Greatness, and "The Skyhook!" 227's AAU Basketball!  227's AAU Basketball!227's AAU Basketball!227's AAU Basketball! 227's AAU Basketball! * 227's AAU Basketball!  Moses Malone  Dominique Wilkins!  Bill Russell- the Boston Celtic!   Charles Barkley- "The Round-Mound of Rebound!"  Nate Archibald  Elvin Hayes- University of Houston & the NBA!  Lenny Wilkins- Brooklyn's Basketball Legend! Rick Barry- "The under-hand Freethrow!"  Elgin Baylor   2008 NBA Draft at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!  227's YouTube "Dr. J!"-Julius Erving!  Wilt Chamberlain George "Iceman" Gervin!  Kevin Garnett  Elgin Baylor YouTube Information from FreeBase.com & Wikipedia at Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! Bob Pettit  National Basketball Association Bob Cousy, Holy Cross Crusaders & the Boston Celtics! Opening Night in the NBA!  227's Black History Month! Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

List of NBA Players: A
   List of National Basketball Association Players: B   List of National Basketball Association Players: C  List of National Basketball Association Players: D  List of National Basketball Association Players: E-F   List of National Basketball Association Players: G  List of National Basketball Association Players: H  List of National Basketball Association Players: I-J 
List of National Basketball Association Players: K
  List of National Basketball Association Players: L  List of National Basketball Association Players: M  List of National Basketball Association Players: N-O  List of National Basketball Association Players: P-Q  List of National Basketball Association Players: R  List of National Basketball Association Players: S  List of National Basketball Association Players: T-V  List of National Basketball Association Players: W-Z

227's-Hip Hop (YOUTUBE CHILI!)!
* 227's-Hip Hop (YOUTUBE CHILI!)! 


227's-"Jizz In My Pants!" YouTube "ChiLi" Music Videos   227's-"Jizz In My Pants!" YouTube "ChiLi!" Music Videos   227's-"Jizz In My Pants!" YouTube "ChiLi!" Music Videos     227's YouTube Chili-Family Guy!  
227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! History of Family Guy  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Death Has a Shadow  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Peter Griffin  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Tom Tucker (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Seth MacFarlane  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Family Guy: Live in Vegas  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Don't Make Me Over (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Neil Goldman (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Padre de Familia (Family Guy episode)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Running Mates (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Patriot Games (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Jungle Love (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Family Guy Viewer Mail 1  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Barely Legal (Family Guy) 227's YouTube Chili-Family Guy! 227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Prick Up Your Ears (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Blind Ambition (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Adam West (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Glenn Quagmire  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Criticism of Family Guy  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Stewie Griffin: The Untold Story  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Family Guy DVDs  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! List of characters in Family Guy  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Blue Harvest (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Brian Griffin  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Family Guy (pinball)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Long John Peter!  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Mind Over Murder  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy!-The Courtship of Stewie's Father   227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy!- Family Guy Video Game!Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!
 


227's YouTube "Chilli!"
   227's YouTube "Chilli!"   227's YouTube "Chilli!"   227's YouTube "Chilli!"
Reality television
  TV Guide (magazine)  TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time  List of American game shows  Celebrity  TV Guide Network   Marg Helgenberger  High School! Kimengumi  Punk'd  List of celebrities involved with WrestleMania  List of Seinfeld minor characters  100 Greatest Kids' TV shows   227's YouTube "ChiLi!"-PLAYBOY 227's YouTube "ChiLi!"-Fat Albert & The COSBY Kids! 227's YouTube "ChiLi!"-PLAYBOY 227's YouTube "ChiLi!"-PLAYBOY 227's YouTube "ChiLi!"-Fat Albert & The COSBY Kids! 227's YouTube "ChiLi!"-PLAYBOY




Ghostface Killah 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Ghostface Killah - He Comes (feat. De La Soul) 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-wu-tang clan: golden era (93-96) 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Raekwon - Criminology 2 (feat. Ghostface KIllah) 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Ghostface Killah feat. Jadakiss & Comp - Run 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Ghostface Killah feat. U-God - Cherchez LaGhost 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Raekwon - Wu Ooh (feat. Ghostface Killah & Method Man) 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Jeff Johnson Freestyle over 'Yolanda's House' from Ghostface Killah  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Ghostface Killah - Mighty Healthy (palm of ice remix) 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Raekwon feat. Ghostface Killah-The G Hide 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Raekwon feat. Ghostface Killah, Method Man & Cappadonna - Ice Cream 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-U-God Inspectah Deck & Street Life - Semi Automatic: Full Rap Metal Jacket  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Ghostface Killah Raekwon & Rza - Who's The Champion 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-The Best From Ghostface Killah * Cappadonna YOUTUBBE Music Videos 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Cappadonna-Inspectah Deck - Let Me At Em  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Cappadonna-Rza Method Man & Cappadonna - Wu-Wear: The Garment Renaissance  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Cappadonna-interview Cappadonna @ Karmaloop TV  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Cappadonna-Ol' Dirty Bastard & 12 O'Clock - Ol' Dirtys Back  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Cappadonna-Cappadonna - Milk The Cow  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Cappadonna-Cappadonna feat. Rhyme Recca & Boy Blue - Freestyle (1998, rare)  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Cappadonna-Cappadonna - Slang Editorial(Remix)   227's YouTube "Chili!"-Cappadonna-rza, method man & cappadonna wu wear  * Mac Main YOUTUBBE Music Videos * Gorilla Zoe YOUTUBBE Music Videos Beyonce YOUTUBBE Music Videos  * The Notorious B.I.G YOUTUBBE Music Videos * Lil' Boosie YOUTUBBE Music Videos * Gucci Mane YOUTUBBE Music Videos * Soulja Boy YOUTUBBE Music Videos * Plies YOUTUBBE Music Videos  * Dalek YOUTUBBE Music Videos  
227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-gorilla zoe definition of a block so sick 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe - Juice Box (Chopped & Screwed By DJ Slugga)  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-The Charleston to Hood Nigga by Gorilla Zoe  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe - I Like Them Girls [FULL/NODJ/DIRTY] NEW  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe Ft. Rick Ross - What It Is  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe Valentines Day  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Requested Sample #2 - Gorilla Zoe - Lost  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe - Too Much  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe - I Like Them Girls [Prod. By Drumma Boy]  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gucci Mane (Ft. Gorilla Zoe)-Broom  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-GORILLA ZOE - BLOCK - DIDDY - TAMPA  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe - Thuggin  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe: Don't Feed The Animals Movie Trailer  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Paper - Gorilla Zoe ft Durty Block  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-SOREAL CRU TV PRESENTS: THE RE-UP  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe Ft. Lil Wayne- Losing my Mind (WITH LYRICS)  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe feat. Gucci Mane - Walk with a waddle  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe - Hood Nigga (UNEDITED)  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe & Gucci Mane Walk wit a Waddle: Making the Video  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe & Gucci Mane Walk wit a Waddle: Making the Video  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-GORILLA ZOE FT LIL WAYNE- GET MONEY  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe dissed Game  * 
Busta Rhymes YOUTUBBE Music Videos * Jadakiss YOUTUBBE Music Videos * The Pharcyde YOUTUBBE Music Videos * Whitney Houston YOUTUBE Music Videos * Taylor Swift  YOUTUBE Music Videos  *   Kanye West  YOUTUBBE Music Videos  *  Rihanna YOUTUBE Music Videos  *  Jason Mraz YOUTUBBE Music Videos  *  T-Pain YOUTUBE Music Videos  *  All American Rejects YOUTUBBE Music Videos  *  Usher YOUTUBBE Music Videos

227's NBC.com!
  NBC.com-30 Rock (227's YouTube Chili)!  NBC.com-The Biggest Loser (227's YouTube Chili)!  NBC.com-The Celebrity Apprentice (227's uTubbe Chili)!  NBC.com-Chuck-TV serires (227's uTubbe Chili)!  NBC.com-Crusoe (227's YouTube Chili)!  NBC.com-Dateline (227's YouTube Chili)!  NBC.com-Days of Our Lives Characters (227's YouTube Chili)!  NBC.com-Deal or No Deal (U.S. game show)  NBC.com-ER (TV series)-227's uTubbe "Chili!"  NBC.com-Friday Night Lights (TV series) (227's YouTube Chili)!  NBC.com- Howie Do It (227's YouTube Chili)!  NBC.com-Jimmy Fallon (227's YouTube Chili)!  NBC.com-Kath & Kim  NBC.com-Knight Rider  227's NBC.com!

227's ABC.com!
 227's ABC.com! According To Jim  227's ABC.com! America's Funniest Home Videos (AMV)  227's ABC.com! The Bachelor (TV series)  227's ABC.com! Better Off Ted  227's ABC.com! Kevin Walker (Brothers & Sisters)  227's ABC.com! List of Brothers & Sisters episodes  227's ABC.com! Brothers & Sisters (2006 TV series)  227's ABC.com! Scrubs (TV series)  227's ABC.com!

227's CBS.com! 227's CBS.com (YouTube)! 48 Hours (TV series)  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! The Amazing Race  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! The Big Bang Theory  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! List of The Big Bang Theory episodes  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! List of characters in The Big Bang Theory  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! Big Brother (TV series)  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! Million Dollar Password  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! Password (TV series)  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! Regis Philbin  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! CBS Television City  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! Bob Stewart (television producer)  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! The Price Is Right  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! CBS Studio Center  227's CBS.com!




227's YouTube ChiLi!" - Carrie Underwood  227's YouTube "CHILLI!"-Soul Train Dancers! Fall Out Boy on YouTube   David Archuleta   Eminem   Outkast  227's YouTube "CHILLI!"-Soul Train Dancers! Tupac Shakur Colby O'Donis  The Fray   227's YouTube "Chili!"-The Fray-Sex and the City- How to save a life  227's YouTube "Chili!"-The Fray-Heaven Forbid - The Fray  227's YouTube "Chili!"-The Fray-The Fray - How To Save A Life (featured on Scrubs)  227's YouTube "Chili!"-The Fray-How to Save a Life- The Fray; Music Video  227's YouTube "Chili!"-The Fray-The Fray - How To Save A Life (piano acoustic)(Grey's Anatomy) on iTunes  227's YouTube "Chili!"-The Fray-The Fray - How To Save A Life (from Grey's Anatomy)  227's YouTube "Chili!"-The Fray-The Fray - Look After You  227's YouTube "Chili!"-The Fray-The Official Lost Music Video with The Fray!  227's YouTube-"All at Once" -- The Fray   John Legend  TOKIO HOTEL  227's YouTube "CHILLI!"-Soul Train Dancers! Tokio Hotel   TOKIO HOTEL  227's YouTube "CHILLI!"-Soul Train Dancers!

227's uTubbe "Chili"
  YouTube-David Bowie  YouTube-The Dave Clark Five  YouTube-Chicago (band)  YouTube-Cher  YouTube-Charles Aznavour  YouTube-The Carpenters  YouTube-Boney M.  YouTube-Bon Jovi  YouTube-Billy Joel  YouTube-Barry White  YouTube-Aerosmith  YouTube-Adriano Celentano  YouTube-Wei Wei (singer)  YouTube-Tino Rossi  YouTube-The Rolling Stones  YouTube-Nana Mouskouri  YouTube-Led Zeppelin  YouTube-Julio Iglesias  YouTube-Herbert von Karajan  YouTube-Elton John  YouTube-The Drifters  YouTube-Cliff Richard  YouTube-Bob Marley  YouTube-Bee Gees  YouTube-ABBA  YouTube-Bing Crosby  YouTube-List of best-selling music artists


New at 227! YouTube "CHiLi" COUNTRY Taters! * YouTube Harry Potter * YouTube American Idol! * YouTube "CHiLi"-SUGARLAND! * Beyonce YouTube Music Video Channels * Rihanna YouTube Music Video Channels * Kanye West YouTube Music Video Channels * uTube "Chili!"- Tay Zonday * uTube "Chili!"- Tay Zonday * Alicia Keys YouTube Music Video Channels 227's Virtual MP3 Players! * 227's Virtual MP3 Players! * 227's Virtual MP3 Players! * 227's Virtual MP3 Players! * 227's Virtual MP3 Players! * 227's Cellular Phone Hoops * 227's Cellular Phone Hoops * 227's Cellular Phone Hoops * 227's Cellular Phone Hoops-T-MOBILE! * 227's Cellular Phone Hoops-AT & T! * 227's Cellular Phone Hoops-VERIZON Wireless! * 227's Cellular Phone Hoops-SPRINT! YouTube "Chilli!"-Academy Awards!YouTube "Chilli!"-Academy Awards!  



227's YouTube "ALI" featuring KNOCKOUT Fights and YouTube Videos of "The Greatest!" Muhammad Ali! * 227's "Muhammad Ali Week" Dec. 24-Dec. 30!  Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!


Beyonce Knowles-YouTube ALEXANDRA BURKE & QUEEN BEYONCE "LISTEN" THE X-FACTORS FINALS (12/13/2008)  YouTube Beyoncé knowles - If I Were Boy - Live On X Factor 2008 Finals Alexandra Burke Beyoncé   YouTube "Chilli" BEYONCE-Broadway and Dondria Singing Justin Timberlake ft Beyonce-Until the end of time(FINAL CUT)  YouTube Beyonce - Fan Book  YouTube "Chilli!' BEYONCE-Beyonce at LAX Airport January 25 2009 - TMZ  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-Beatboxing + Singing "Hello" by Beyonce acapella request (Ivana and Jess cover)  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-hollie harris beyonce listen  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-JUST STAND UP! Mariah, Beyonce, Rihanna, Miley, Leona more  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-Jay Z feat Beyonce - 03 Bonnie & Clyde (Official Music Videoin HQ)  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-50 Cent - Thug Love F/ Beyonce (Destiny's Child) (4th Single: Unreleased Track)  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-President Obama's A Fan Of Beyonce's "Single Ladies."  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-OBAMA -BEYONCE NEIGHBORHOOD BALL BARACK.  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-JOMAR : LISTEN (Beyonce Knowles)  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-Beyonce Ft. Alexandra Burke - HD Listen (Live at X Factor 2008) HQ Broken-hearted Girl by Beyonce Karaoke  ME SINGING HALO BY BEYONCE-02/07  Emo Girls Dance to Beyonce  Me singing "Broken-Hearted Girl" by Beyonce  Robyn McGhee - Beyonce - Trust in Me  Happy Saturday!!! Beyonce & Etta James; The Hudson Plane accident  At last - H4RRYV1DS - ETTA JAMES/ BEYONCE COVER  Beyoncé and Jay-Z leaving Nobu Restaurant - 02.04.2009  Beyonce, Britney Spears y Pink- We will rock you mix dannylc7  Amor Kismet Singinging Beyonce "Halo"  Beyoncé - Halo  Halo - Beyonce (singing with acoustic cover)  Beyonce - "Roc" Piano Tutorial  Halo By Beyonce (me lip singing it)  Beyonce Single ladies dance  hello- beyonce (cover instrumental)  Beyonce Lee Carr - If i were a boy/Girl  Singing Beyonce-Broken Hearted Girl  ItsHot.com Presents The Friday Hip Hop Report (Nov21)  Gabby's Dance Party. (can I dance or not?)  Beyonce Halo ActingCapella lol!! upgrade  Beyonce - Diva (kid version)  beyonce single ladies ( guy verison )  Danielle McAlary Ave Maria Beyonce Cover 227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-Beyonce - Single Ladies (Put A Ring On It) Ahn SoHee- Beyonce dance cover (Wonder Girls 2nd Fan Meeting)  Beyoncé - Save The Hero (Sims 2 version)  Beyoncé - Save The Hero (Sims 2 version)

Taylor Swift-227's YouTube Taylor Swift: Taylor Swift - Picture to Burn [ Official Music Video ]   *  227's YouTube Taylor Swift: Ellen DeGeneres: Taylor Swift & Joe Jonas Phone Break-Up  * 227's YouTube TAYLOR SWIFT: TEARDROPS ON MY GUITAR 

Kanye West-227's YouTube KANYE WEST: Young Jeezy - Put on (feat. Kanye West)    227's YouTube Kanye West: Christina Milian dicusses her new album incl. Kanye West, Movies vs Music, & Christmas    227's YouTube Kanye West: SNL LATE NIGHT LAUGH | KANYE WEST LIP SYNCING? | AMY POEHLER LEAVES "SNL" -- SKINNY (12/15/08)

227's YouTube "50 Cent"-"CHili Dogg (NBA)!" http://www.hoops227.tv.com/youtube_50_cent_ayo_technology_candy_shop_money_21.html

Rihanna-227's YouTube Rihanna " Rehab " @ Star Academy 2008 [LIVE] HQ 12.19.08  227's YouTube Rihanna-Rihanna-Rehab [Dance Remix] - Arron M   227's YouTube Rihanna: Rihanna - Rehab (Star Academy Finale)  YouTube Rihanna-WWE Diva of the Month: February 2009  YouTube Rihanna-Nina SImon, Rihanna- Take a Bow  YouTube Rihanna-DISTURBIA @ metrowalk plaza  YouTube Rihanna-CHEDDAR SINGS!!!!!!!!!!!  YouTube Rihanna-Re: Lil Wayne Ft Drake - Ransom - NEW !!!  YouTube Rihanna-Rihanna Don't Stop The Music DJ Diego Barros Remix  YouTube Rihanna-Umbrella (Cover) - the baseballs  YouTube Rihanna-Rihanna - Take a Bow  YouTube Rihanna-The MOST CUTEST picture of the Jonas Brothers!read description  YouTube Rihanna-moment in time [starrgyrrl]  YouTube Rihanna-Umbrella Rihanna version by Arsal & Alex  YouTube Rihanna-Rihanna - Disturbia  YouTube Rihanna-rihanna live your life remix  YouTube Rihanna-Mystic - Disturbia  Knowing New Scene Latest Update with HD Quality 2009  Re: Soulja Boy Tell' Em - "Kiss Me Thru The Phone" [Music Video] 

Usher-P.Diddy F.. Usher - I Need A Girl P.1   227's YouTube Usher (Chili!): Exclusive Usher Parody   The Boondocks - Tom, Sarah and Usher - part 1   227's YouTube Usher Feat. Lil Jon and Ludacris - Yeah - Lyrics   Aaliyah Janet Jackson Teairra Mari Letoya Luckett Christina Milian Rihanna Usher Seven Pounds

Jason Mraz-227's YouTube Jason Mraz: Me Singing "I'm Yours" by Jason Mraz  Jason Mraz @ Today Show [LIVE] HQ 12.19.08 " We Sing "   227's YouTube Jason Mraz: Live High - Jason Mraz (cover by Alex Taimanao)   227's YouTube Jason Mraz: Jason Mraz - Geek In The Pink (Live at Highline Ballroom - NY)

227's YouTube Chili!The Flinstones  The Muppet Show   227's YouTube "ChiLi!"-Fat Albert & The COSBY Kids! Scooby Doo  He Man & The Masters of the Universe  Tom & Jerry Show  Hong Kong Phooey   Thunderbirds   Sesame Street   Pokemon  Sabrina & The Teenage Witch  My Parents Are Aliens  Star Wars!  Star Wars!  The Adventures of Robin Hood   Dick & Dom in the Bungalow

227's TV TUBE...227's  Atlanta TV Tube  227's Boston TV Tube  Cleveland TV Tube  227's Detroit TV Tube  Dallas TV Tube  Denver TV Tube  Charlotte TV Tube  227's Chicago TV Tube  Oakland TV Tube  Houston TV Tube Indianapolis TV Tube  Los Angeles TV Tube   227's Los Angeles TV Tube   227's Memphis TV Tube  Grand Rapids TV Tube  227's Miami TV Tube  Milwaukee TV Tube  Minneapolis TV Tube  New Jersey TV Tube  227's New Orleans TV Tube  New York TV Tube  227's New York TV Tube  Orlando TV Tube  227's Pittsburgh TV Tube  Philadelphia TV Tube  227's Phoenix TV Tube  Portland TV Tube  Sacramento TV Tube  San Antonio TV Tube  Seattle TV Tube  Salt Lake City, Utah TV Tube  227's Tampa Bay TV Tube  Oklahoma City TV Tube  Toronto TV Tube  227's Washington, D.C., TV Tube     


227's YOUTUBBE CHiLi! Katy Perry  Katy Perry Videos on U TuBe!  Katy Perry  Lady GaGa  Lady GaGa YouTuBBE Music Videos  Lady GaGa  Ludacris  Ludacris YouTubbe Music Videos  Ludacris  Beyonce Knowles!  Beyonce  AKON  AKON YouTubbe Music Videos  AKON  T.I. Videos on uTuBe!    T.I. YouTubbe Music Videos  227's T.I.  Kanye West  Kanye West YouTube Videos  Keshia Cole YouTuBBe "CHiLi!"   JAMIE FOXX YouTubbe Music Videos! 

227's YouTube "ChiLi" Classics!
   227's YouTube "ChiLi" Classics!Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

227's HARD ROCK n ROLL Cafe!

227's "Hard Rock n Roll" Cafe!-YouTube "CHiLi!"
  *  227's "Hard Rock n Roll" Cafe!-YouTube "CHiLi!"  *  227's "Hard Rock n Roll" Cafe!-YouTube "CHiLi!"  *  227's "Hard Rock n Roll" Cafe!-YouTube "CHiLi!"  *  227's "Hard Rock n Roll" Cafe!-YouTube "CHiLi!" Crooked X * Vagiant * The Mother Hips * Flyleaf * Tribe * Freezepop * The Konks * Anarchy Club * Timmy and the Lords of the Underworld * The Acro-Brats * Honest Bob and The Factory to Dealer Incentives * Death of the Cool * Bang Camaro * KISS * Fiath No More * Radio Head * Smashing Pumpkins * The Rolling Stones * Hives * OK Go * Aerosmith * Pixies * Nine Inch Nail * David Bowie


227's Billboard.com 100-Music & Video Widgets!
   227's Billboard.com 100-Music & Video Widgets!   227's Billboard.com 100-Music & Video Widgets!   227's Billboard.com 100-Music & Video Widgets!   227's Billboard.com 100-Music & Video Widgets!   227's Billboard.com 100-Music & Video Widgets!

227's YouTube-"Karaoke" ("Chili")  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/u_tube_karaoke_song_lyrics_instrument_contest_fail.html
227's YouTube-"Karaoke" ("Chili")-Karaoke Television
  227's YouTube-"Karaoke" ("Chili")-Karaoke Revolution  227's YouTube-"Karaoke" ("Chili")-Karaoke(T-Pain song)  227's YouTube-"Karaoke" ("Chili")-Karaoke (TV serial)  227's YouTube-"Karaoke" ("Chili")-Music video game 

227's YouTube "Chili"-NBA Dance Teams!

A-Town Dancers http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_atlanta_hawks_cheerleaders_tryout_camp.html 
Blazer Dancers http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_portland_trail_blazer_dancer_audition.html 
Green Team http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_boston_celtics_green_team_dance_routine_tv.html 
Charlotte Lady Cats
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_charlotte_lady_cats_dance_team_halftime.html
 
Chicago Luvabulls http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_chicago_luvabulls_dance_team_halftime_show.html
Cavalier Girls
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_cleveland_cavalier_girls_nba_dance_team.html
 
Mavs Dancers http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_dallas_mavericks_mavs_dancers_haltime_nba.html


227's Energy Drinks of NBA, NFL, MLB, entertainers & music artists worldwide! Red Bull Energy Drink   XS Energy Drink    Coca-Cola   Wired Energy Drink   Coca-Cola   NOS Energy Drink  Coca-Cola  
Redline Energy Drink

227's MySpace! * 227's MySpace! * 227's MySpace!

227's YMCA-"The Birthplace of Basketball!" 227's YMCA    227's YMCA    227's YMCA


227's YouTube NCAA Basketball Tournament!
  
www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_1.html
  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_tournament_video_tickets.html
www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_2.html
  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_tournament_video_tickets_1.html
www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_3.html
  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_tournament_video_tickets_2.html
www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_4.html
  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_tournament_video_tickets_3.html  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_tournament_video_tickets_4.html

1992 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament featuring Mike Krzyzewski and the Duke Blue Devils
  1982 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament featuring Michael Jordan, Patrick Ewing, Dean Smith, John Thompson, North Carolina Tar Heals and the Georgetown Hoyas  2003 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament  1999 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament  2000 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament  1979 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament featuring Earvin Magic Johnson, Larry Bird and the Michigan State Spartans  1998 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament   1981 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament featuring Isiah Thomas, Bobby Knight and the Indiana Hoosiers  2008 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament featuring the Kansas Jayhawks  1993 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament 2002 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament  1989 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament  2001 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament   1996 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament    1995 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament  1987 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament  1994 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament  1988 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament   1991 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament

Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

Jamaal's LIst-The NBA!
  List of cities producing the most NBA players  List of most three-point field goals made in National Basketball Association history  List of National Basketball Association Finals head coaches  NBA on TNT broadcasters  List of individual National Basketball Association scoring leaders by season  Active NBA playoff appearance streaks  List of NBA vs FIBA games  List of NBA championship head coaches 

Sports:


227's PGA Tour (Golf)!
  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Mercedes-Benz Championship (PGA Tour)  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Sony Open in Hawaii  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Bob Hope Classic  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! FBR Open  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Buick Invitational 227's PGA Tour (Golf)! The Barclays  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Nick Faldo  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Greg Norman  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Vijay Singh  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Tom Kite  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Curtis Strange  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Lee Trevino  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Nick Price  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Ben Crenshaw  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! PGA Tour Golf Team Challenge  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Ernie Els  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Phil Mickelson  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Jack Nicklaus  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Arnold Palmer  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Tom Watson (golfer)  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Tiger Woods  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Tiger Woods PGA Tour

227's WTA (Women's Tennis Association)!


227 League! "A league of it's own!" featuring Wikipedia information and articles on these cities: 227's New York "PIZZA!"  *  227's Cleveland "TOAST!"  *  227's Cincinnati "BACON!"  *  227's Atlanta "HAM HOCKS!"  *  227's Los Angeles "COFFEE!"   *  227's Nashville "EGGS!"  *  227's Boston "BEEF!   *  227's San Diego "FLAPJACKS!"   *  227's Philadelphia "SALSA!"   *  227's Seattle "SQUID!"  *  227's Jacksonville "GRITS!"  *  227's Las Vegas "CHITTERLINGS!"  227's Honolulu "Fries!"

227's Music City TimeLine! Years in music!  Music in … 19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009 • 2010 • 2011 • 2012 • 2013 • 2014 • 2015

Jamaal Al-Din, a native of Grand Rapids, Michigan and former leading scorer of Olympic Basketball and LSU great, Ed Palubinskas brings to you Michigan State University's and the NBA's Earvin "Magic" Johnson at 227's YouTube "MAGIC!" provided by Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227-the everything basketball website, featuring YouTube Videos and Wikipedia information on the legendary Earvin "Magic" Johnson, The Magic Johnson Foundation, Magic Johnson Enterprises,  and everything including the magical phrase..."MAGIC!" 227's YouTube "MAGIC!"

227's YouTuBe "ChiLi!"-SNL (Saturday Night Live)!
   227's YouTuBe "ChiLi!"-SNL (Saturday Night Live)!   227's YouTube "Chili!"-Characters on Saturday Night Live!   227's YouTuBe "ChiLi!"-SNL (Saturday Night Live)!   New at 227:  Saturday Night Live Commercial Parodies (YouTube "Chilli!)    

227's YouTube Chili!-Oprah Winfrey!
  227's YouTube Chili!-Oprah Winfrey!  227's YouTube Chili!-Oprah Winfrey!  227's YouTube Chili!-Oprah Winfrey!
YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Doug Anthony All Stars - Oprah (Dead & Alive - 1993)
  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Oprah Speaks the Truth about McCain  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-The oprah winfrey show (joe hoes style)  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Oprah Speaks to the Stanford Class of 2008 (Highlights)  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Ellen DeGeneres ~ I Love Jesus But I Drink A Little (HQ)  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-David Blaine Risks His Life on The Oprah Show Video Blog 1  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-APT - Obama Obama A millie Parody/Remix With lyrics  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Get Ready to Be Awakened: A New Earth  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-The Soup: Oprah's Va-Jay-Jay  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-FUNNY Dave Chappelle as Tom Cruise on Oprah Show,  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Letterman: Barack gives the Top Ten  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Dont Drink The Kool-Aid: Oprah, Obama and The Occult  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-O, The Oprah Religion Recruitment Video #1  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-008 Charice Pempengco on Oprah And Whitney Houston from the Bodyguard  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Charice Pempengco on E. Live  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Carlton Banks Dancing to Oprah Theme  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Hannah Montana's Miley Cyrus - A Sneak Peek For Oprah & Fans  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-The Church of Oprah Exposed  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Sex, Lies and Barbara Walters  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Violent Oprah  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-The Jonas Brothers on The Oprah Show!  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Oprah's Message to YouTube!  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Tom Cruise Goes Crazy on Oprah...ORIGINAL VERSION! 

List of Saturday Night Live musical sketches
  Saturday Night Live cast  Saturday Night Live (Season 33)  SNL's Weekend Update  Saturday Night Live characters appearing on Weekend Update  Saturday Night Live hosts  SNL Studios  SNL (disambiguation)  SNL's Five-Timers Club  SNL's Lazy Sunday  Saturday Night Live (Season 21)  History of Saturday Night Live (1990–1995)  Saturday Night Live (Season 11)  Saturday Night Live (Season 34)  History of Saturday Night Live (1980–1985)  Saturday Night Live (Season 30)  Celebrity Jeopardy! (Saturday Night Live)  Saturday Night Live (Season 31)  Saturday Night Live (Season 2)  Saturday Night Live (Season 15)  Saturday Night Live (Season 26)  Saturday Night Live (Season 32)

227's American Idol! * 227's American Idol! * 227's American Idol! * 227's American Idol

227's BCS-College Football Bowl Championship Series!   BCS Bowl Championship!   BCS Bowl Championship!  Florida Gators football  2006 Florida Gators football team  2008 Florida Gators football team  2007 Florida Gators football team  Penn State Nittany Lions football  2008 Penn State Nittany Lions football team  2006 Penn State Nittany Lions football team  2007 Penn State Nittany Lions football team  2005 Penn State Nittany Lions football team  Penn State Nittany Lions football under Joe Paterno  Penn State Nittany Lions football under Joe Paterno (in the Big Ten)  2002 Penn State Nittany Lions football team  Ohio State Buckeyes football  2002 Ohio State Buckeyes football team  Alabama Crimson Tide Football  Oklahoma Sooners Football  Texas Longhorns football  2005 Texas Longhorn football team  2006 Texas Longhorn football team  2007 Texas Longhorn football team  2008 Texas Longhorn football team  2007 Oklahoma Sooners football team  2006 Oklahoma Sooners football team  Oklahoma Sooners football under Bob Stoops  2007 Alabama Crimson Tide football team  2008 Alabama Crimson Tide football team  Alabama Crimson Tide football seasons

227's NHL-National Hockey League!

New York Islanders
  New Jersey Devils  Pittsburgh Penguins  New York Rangers  Philadelphia Flyers  Boston Bruins  Buffalo Sabres  Montreal Canadiens Ottawa Senators  Toronto Maple Leafs  Atlanta Thrashers  Carolina Hurricanes Florida Panthers Tampa Bay Lightning  Washington Capitals Chicago Blackawks  Columbus Blue Jackets  Detroit Red Wings Nashville Predators St. Louis Blues Calgary Flames Colorado Avalanche Edmonton Oilers Minnesota Wild Vancouver Canucks Anaheim Ducks Dallas Stars Los Angeles Kings Phoenix Coyotes San Jose Sharks  Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!




YouTube T.I.  YouTube Christina Aguilera-"Chili"  YouTube AC/DC-"cHiLi"  YouTube Jay-Z "CHILI!" 227's-T-Pain!   YouTube Chili!-The BEATLES!  YouTube T.I. ReD HoT ChiLi PePpers! 227's-"Guns N Roses"  ReD HoT ChiLi PePpers!  227's-Paris Hilton  YouTube "ChiLi'-Beyonce Music Videos!  YouTube "ChiLi'-Beyonce! 227's-Pussycat Dolls "J-Lo" Jennifer Lopez! YouTube "ChiLi'-Beyonce!  YouTube Christina Aguilera Music Videos-"Chili"  YouTube "cHiLi"-Chris Brown!   uTube Country Taters!   YouTube "cHiLi"-Chris Brown!  YouTube "CHiLi"-Chris Brown!    227's YouTube NBA-Animation  227's-Miley Cyrus YouTube Jay-Z Music Videos!  YouTube Jay-Z Music Videos!  YouTube "ChiLi"-The Beatles!  u Tube "Chili"-The Beatles!  YouTube-The "Beatles!"    Katy Perry "Hot N Cold"  High-School Musical  50 Cent "Candy Shop"  Miss Teen USA 2007  YouTube Evolution of Dance Video  Break Dance Video




227's MLB-"HomeRun!"  *  227's MLB-"HomeRun!"  *  227's MLB-"HomeRun!" * 227's MLB-"HomeRun!" * 227's MLB-"HomeRun!"
Barry Bonds  Jackie Robinson  Rickey Henderson  Hank Aaron  Willie Mays  Ken Griffey, Jr.  Ozzie Smith  Alex Rodriguez Bob Costas  Tim Raines  Cal Ripken, Jr.  Sandy Koufax  Pete Rose  Lou Gehrig  Babe Ruth  Carl Yastrzemski  Reggie Jackson 1994 Major League Baseball All-Star Game Jim Rice  Joe Torre Ichiro Suzuki Greg Gumbel  Vin Scully 



227's Street Entertainment/Marketing
  *  227's Free Throw Challege  *  227's FAQ!  *  Hoops 227 Club  *  227's Sponsorship Hall of Fame!  *  Boise Polls!  *  Basketball Coupons/Savings  *  Boise Ads for Consumers!  *  Hoops 227 Ad Purchase  *  Sponsorship Opportunities & Money Savings!  *  227's Global Basketball Directory  *  Boise Business Listing!  *  Great Coupons/Savings!  *  227's NBA @ eBay!  *  NBA Bounce!  *  227's YouTube Academic-The Ivy League Universities & Colleges!  *  227's NBA Basketball Logos!  *  227's UtuBe "Iceman George Gervin!  *  227's WNBA Basketball!  *  227's YouTube-Clyde "The Glide" Drexler!  *  eBasketball Assignments!  *  227's eBasketball Class!  *  NBA-MVP Articles!  *  227's YouTuBe NBA!  *  Hoops 227 Phoneraiser!  *  227's Multimedia!  *  Hoops 227 Catalog!  *  227's Video Arcade Games!  *  NBDL Bounce  *  227's Homeless Project!  *  227's Academic Forums for Kids!  *  Book Club 227!  *  227's Collegiate Forum Speeches!  *  Recommend 227's Everything Basketball Website!  *  227's Free School Suppies (Skool Stuff Giveaway)!  *  Hoops 227-Prep Basketball!  *  Hoops 227-Idaho Preps!  *  Join 227's eMail list!  *  227's T-Shirt Entreprenuers  *  Hoops 227 T-Shirts!  *  Basketball Camp Registration!  *  Top NCAA Basketball Teams (Articles of NCAA Basketball)!  *  Jimmy V Foundation  *  Radio Stations  * Yo MurphyNBA All Stars!  *  Wilt Chamberlain  * NBA Basketball (NBA Bounce)!  *  NCAA Basketball (NCAA Bounce)!  *  Boise's Soul Food Extravaganza!  *  Hoops 227-Multimedia  *  Hoops 227 Play Diagrams!  *  227's Spiderman Catalog!  *  227's Spiderman Catalog!  *  227's Spiderman Catalog!  *  "The Hulk" Catalog  *  NCAA Basketball (NCAA Swish)!  *  NBA Jerseys (Throwbacks)!  *  227's NFL-EA Sports!  *  Maryland Basketball  *  Kansas Basketball  *  NCAA Basketball uTuBe!  *  227's uTuBe Chili-Fiction Blogs! 

 

KBSU Radio  *  Boise Stallions Football!  *  KTIK 1350 Radio  *  Miss Idaho Teen USA!  *  Boise Weekly  *  Kristine Sutherland  *  KQFC 98 FM  *  KIZN Kissin' 92.3 FM  *  Boise County!  *  Radio Stations in Idaho!  *  Idaho!  *  Anthony Thomas...Boise State's Great Point Guard!  *  Hyde Park, Boise, Idaho  *  Media in Boise!  *  Boise, Idaho Temple!  *  Boise, Idaho!  *  BSU's Kyle Wilson: Bronco Nagurski Trophy Watch List!  *  Boise Soul Food Extravaganza!  *  St.Luke's Women's Fitness Celebration  *  Jamaal Al-Din to complete B.A. Degree at Boise State University!  *  Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 and The ESPN Coaches Fundraiser!  *  Basketball Camps In Boise/Treasure Valley, Idaho  * Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- 2nd Annual Summer Basketball Camp * 227's KTVB.Com (Idaho's NewsChannel 7) * 227's 2NewsTv.com (KBCI Channel 2 News) * 227's KIVI.com (Channel 6 News) * 227's KTRV.com (Fox 12 News)Helping the Boise Homeless with Interfaith Sanctuary  *  A Meeting with Vincent Kituku!  *  Kidz and Coats at Ogata Chiropractic!  *  Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 Summer Basketball Camp  *  Free T-Shirts!  *  Treasure Valley Homecourt YMCA Gets Showers!  *  The Favorites of our Boise/Meridian/Treasure Valley YMCA  *  The Treasure Valley YMCA Strong Kids Campaign  *  Basketball Camps In Boise/Treasure Valley, Idaho  *  Hoops Basketball Club 227  *  The Treasure Valley YMCA Strong Kids Campaign  *  JAMAAL AL-DIN'S HOOPS 227 and Free T-Shirts!  

New Feature at 227: 227's FameFifteen News!
FameFifteen is a Boise, Idaho based website with news, features and videos on Boise's "Famous" (LOL!) Check it out- FameFifteen!

227's Boise Taters!

Julia Davis Park
  2007 Hawai'i Bowl  Ada County, Idaho  Treasure Valley, Idaho  Idaho City, Idaho  2007 Fiesta Bowl  Borah High School  Taco Bell Arena  Grand Army of the Republic Hall (Boise, Idaho)  Boise State Broncos football seasons  J. W. Robinson  National Interagency Fire Center  The Egyptian Theatre (Boise, Idaho)  2008 Boise State Broncos football  Media in Boise, Idaho  2007 Boise State Broncos football   

Media of Boise...KTVB Idaho's Newschannel 7 with Doug Petcash, Dee Sarton, Maggie O'Mara, Carolyn Holly, Mark Johnson (sports) & Larry Gebert (weather)!  

Media of Boise...KTRV Fox 12 with Shannon Paterson, Shayne Wells, Tami Tremblay, Dan Hamilton, Allison Warren, David Sleater, Christen Buckner, Jennifer Ganzalez, Nate Kuester and Ron O'Brien!

Media of Boise...KIVI Channel 6 with Don Nelson, Michelle Edmonds, Mellisa Paul, Michelle Stark, Lincoln Graves, Shane Johnson, Kelsey Minor, Rebecca Swart, Hanna Naito, Scott Dorval (weather), Joe Hughes and Randy "Makin It Rain" Simon (sports)!
 

Media of Boise...KBCI Channel 2 Eyewitness News with Natalie Hurst, Mike Murad, Adam Rodriguez, Kim Bartlett, Blake McCoy, Scott Logan, Paul Fredericks, Kiersten Throndsen, Nicole Navarro, Callie Zanandrie, Vanessa Brown, Brian Carrington, Jennifer Robbins, Jon Aaron (weather), J Bates and Troy Oppie (sports)!
   

Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos! Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops227: Platinum Sponsor- The Deluxe, located in Boise, Idaho!




Atlantic Stone Products, Inc.


As we look to expand basketball marketing, camps and clinics nationally, our basketball affiliate programs are scheduled to begin in March of 2008. Our affiliates, exciting, take a look at this list: ebay, StubHub.com, Yahoo Affiliate Program!, TickCo Premium Seating, RazorGator Affiliate Program, SightSell, VistaPrint.com, Pokeorder and WeHaveSeats.com. Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 welcomes our affiliate partners for 2008. Among the items offered our NCAA & NBA basketball tickets both premium and discounted rates. Basketball shoes and apparel for kids, fans, players and coaches ranging from Air Jordans, LeBron James, NIKE, Adidas, AND1, hats, collectibles and memoralbilia! Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- The everything basketball website! 



 
 
Jamaal Al-Din
jamaaalj@boise.usa.com
(208) 340-1839Official PayPal Seal



227's You Tube- "Jordan"227's U Tube- "Magic" Johnson *  227's You Tube- Dominique! *  227's U Tube-NBA *  227's YouTube-NBA Dance Teams (Cheerleaders)! *  227's You Tube- And1 *  227's YouTube- Vince Carter! *  227's UTube-Dwight Howard *  227's YouTube-Dunks! 227's You Tube Basketball Training *  227's U Tube-NCAA Basketball Moments! *  227's You Tube Virtual Basketball Clinics 227's YouTube -"Shooting"  

227's NBA-Bounce!


227's Atlanta Hawks-Bounce!
   *   227's Boston Celtics-Bounce!   *  227's Charlotte Hornets-Bounce!  *   227's Chicago Bulls-Bounce!    *   227's Cleveland Cavaliers-Bounce!   *   227's Dallas Mavaricks Bounce!   *   227's Denver Nuggets Bounce!   *   227's Detroit Pistons-Bounce!   *   227's Golden State Warriors-Bounce!   *   227's Houston Rockets-Bounce!   227's Indiana Pacers-Bounce!   *   227's Los Angeles Clippers-Bounce!   *   227's Los Angeles Lakers-Bounce!   *   227's Memphis Grizzlies-Bounce!   *   227's Miami Heat-Bounce!   *   227's Milwaukee Bucks-Bounce!   *   227's Minnesota Timberwolves-Bounce!   *   227's New Jersey Nets-Bounce!   *   227's New Orleans Hornets-Bounce!   *   227's New York Knicks-Bounce!   *   227's Orlando Magic-Bounce!   *   227's Philadelphia 76ers-Bounce!   *   227's Phoenix Suns-Bounce!   *   227's Portland Trail Blazers-Bounce!   *   227's Sacramento Kings-Bounce!  *   227's San Antonio Spurs-Bounce!   *   227's Oklahoma City   *   227's Toronto Raptors Bounce!   *   227's Utah Jazz-Bounce!   *   227's Washington Wizards-Bounce!

Coach Jamaal Al-Din, owner of Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 covers interesting facts, features and news of every team in the NBA including the:

Atlanta Hawks   Boston Celtics    Charlotte Bobcats   Chicago Bulls   Cleveland Cavaliers   Dallas Mavericks   Denver Nuggets   Detroit Pistons   Golden State Warriors   Houston Rockets   Indiana Pacers   Los Angeles Clippers   Los Angeles Lakers   Memphis Grizzlies   Miami Heat   Milwaukee Bucks   Minnesota Timberwolves   New Jersey Nets   New Orleans Hornets   New York Knicks   Orlando Magic   Philadelphia 76ers   Phoenix Suns Tickets   Portland Trail Blazers   Sacramento Kings   San Antonio Spurs   Seattle SuperSonics (OKC)    Toronto Raptors   Utah Jazz   Washington Wizards

NBA Cities and Travel:
Atlanta, GA  *  Boston, MA  *  Charlotte, NC  *  Chicago, IL  *  Cleveland, OH  *  Dallas, TX  *  Denver, CO  *  Detroit, MI  *  Oakland, CA  *  Houston, TX  *  Indianapolis, IN  *  Los Angeles, CA  *  Memphis, TN  * Miami, FL  *  Milwaukee, WI  *  Minneapolis, MN  *  East Rutherford, NJ  *  New Orleans, LA  *  New York, NY  *  Orlando, FL  *  Philadelphia, PA  *  Phoenix, AZ  *  Portland, OR  *  Sacramento, CA  *  San Antonio, TX  *  Oklahoma City, OK  *  Toronto, Canada  *  Salt Lake City, UT  *  Washington, D.C. 

227's Sony PlayStation 2-NBA!  * 227's XBOX-NBA!  *  227's Sony PlayStation 3-NBA!  *  227's XBOX-NBA!  *  227's PlayStation Jam!  *  GameFly PlayStation Video Games-Free Trial!  *  GameFly PS2 & PS3 Video Games-Free Trial!  *  GameCube & Gameboy Video Games-Free Trial!  *  Nintendo 64  *  227's Nintendo Video Games from GameFly!  *  227's Nintendo Series featuring GameCube & Gameboy!  *  Nintendo Wii at 227!  *  227's NFL-EA Sports!  *  227's PlayStation Jam!  *  Nintendo 64  *  Nintendo 64 
Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

Dakota Wizards  *  Sioux Falls Skyforce  *  Iowa Energy Fort Wayne Mad Ants  *  Austin Toros *  Erie Bayhawks  *  Colorado 14ers  *  Tulsa 66ers  *  Albuquerque Thunderbirds  *  Rio Grande Valley Vipers  *  Reno Big Horns  *  Idaho Stampede  *  Los Angeles D-Fenders  *  Bakersfield JamAnaheim Arsenal *  Utah Flash 

New Features at 227:
227's College Campus  *  227's College Campus  *  227's College Campus -Stubhub tickets to college sporting events, and a complete list of colleges and universities in the United States, including Puerto Rico and Canada at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! 227's College Campus
227's NFL FootballStubhub NFL Football tickets, as well as updated NFL news and information at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! 

227's Dallas Cowboys
  *  227's Indianapolis Colts  *  227's Green Bay Packers  *  227's New York Giants  *  227's New England Patriots  *  227's Baltimore Ravens  *  227's Carolina Panthers  *  227's Arizona Cardinals  *  227's Oakland Raiders  *  227's Kansas City Chiefs  *  227's Pittsburgh Steelers  *  227's San Diego Chargers  *  227's Houston Texans  *  227's Tampa Bay Buccaneers  *  227's Chicago Bears  *  227's Buffalo Bills  *  227's Cleveland Browns  *  227's Minnesota Vikings  *  227's Philadelphia Eagles  *  227's St. Louis Rams  *  227's San Francisco 49ers  *  227's Cincinnati Bengals  *  227's Tennessee Titans  *  227's New York Jets  *  227's Miami Dolphins  *  227's New Orleans Saints  *  227's Atlanta Falcons


227's MLB Baseball- Stubhub MLB Baseball tickets, as well as updated MLB Baseball news and information at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! 

227's New York Yankees
  *  227's Detroit Tigers  *  227's Los Angeles Dodgers  *  227's Chicago Cubs  *  227's Boston Red Sox  *  227's Kansas City Royals  *  227's New York Mets  *  227's Toronto Blue Jays  *  227's Cincinnati Reds  *  227's Seattle Mariners  *  227's Atlanta Braves  *  227's Philadelphia Phillies  *  227's Florida Marlins  *  227's Oakland Athletics  *  227's Pittsburgh Pirates  *  227's Cleveland Indians  *  227's Texas Rangers  *  227's San Diego Padres  *  227's Houston Astros  *  227's San Francisco Giants  *  227's Tampa Bay Rays  *  227's Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim  *  227's Arizona Diamondbacks  *  227's Colorado Rockies  *  227's Minnesota Twins  *  227's St. Louis Cardinals  *  227's Washignton Nationals * 227's Baltimore Orioles * 227's Chicago White Sox  *  227's Montreal Expos  *  227's Milwaukee Brewers

227's Animation Series on YouTube!
  *  227's Animation Videos  *  227's Animation World  * 227's Animation Cartoons  *  227's Animation Kingdom  *  227's Animation Videos  *  227's Animationa Series on YouTube!  *  227's Animation Cartoons


227's LinkTime
- provides navigational links to basketball webpages throught the Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227, everything basketball website!

New at 227:
Star Wars!  DVDs & CDs!  BUCKLE!  FUBU!  Kenneth Cole!  MUDD Jeans!  Levi's!  Sean John!  Perry Ellis!  Roca Wear!  Nike!  Adidas!  Dolce Gabbana!  Eddie Bauer!  Body Glove Water Sports!  Christian Dior!  Joe Boxer!  FILA!  Lacoste!

227's YouTube-Africa
 * 227's YouTube Japan  * 227's YouTube-China * 227's YouTube Canada * 227's YouTube Australia * 227's YouTube France 227's YouTube-Germany * 227's YouTube-Italy * 227's YouTube-Russia * 227's YouTube-United Kingdom 227's YouTube-Mexico 

227's Boise TV Tube!!!   *   227's Boise TV Tube!!!
 
227's uTuBe CHili-UFC "Ultimate Fighting Championship!" Featuring Kimbo Slice, Tito Ortiz, Seth Petruzelli and all of UFC's most exciting fighters! 

227's YouTuBe-"Geo" graphic!  *  227's YouTube-"Geo" graphic!


227's YouTube Chili-Political! Featuring Barack Obama & JohnMcCain


Music Artists at 227's You Tube Chili!!  / 227's U Tube Chilii!  /  227's YouTube- Chiliii!:
YouTuBe "Chili!"
  *  YouTube "Chili!"  *  YouTuBe "Chili!"

227's LinkTime-Chili!!! provides navigational 227 YouTube "Chili!" links to exciting music & entertainment video webpages throught the Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227, everything basketball website!


227's eBay Atlanta Hawks
  *  227's eBay Boston Celtics  *  227's eBay Detroit Pistons  *  227's eBay Cleveland Cavaliers  *  227's eBay Dallas Mavericks  *  227's eBay Denver Nuggets  *  227's eBay Charlotte Bobcats  *  227's eBay Chicago Bulls  *  227's eBay Golden State Warriors  *  227's eBay Houston Rockets  *  227's eBay Indiana Pacers  *  227's eBay Los Angeles Lakers  *  227's eBay Los Angeles Clippers  *  227's eBay Memphis Grizzlies  *  227's eBay Miami Heat  *  227's eBay Milwaukee Bucks  *  227's eBay Minnesota Timberwolves  *  227's eBay New Jersey Nets  *  227's eBay New Orleans Hornets  *  227's eBay New York Knicks  *  227's eBay Portland Trail Blazers  *  227's eBay Orlando Magic  *  227's eBay Philadelphia 76ers  *  227's eBay Phoenix Suns   *  227's eBay Sacramento Kings  *  227's eBay San Antonio Spurs  *  227's eBay Oklahoma City Thunder  *  227's eBay Toronto Raptors  *  227's eBay Utah Jazz  *  227's eBay Washington Wizards

227's "JORDAN"-Cologne!
  *  227's "JORDAN"-Catalog!
227's YouTube-NBA

uTube Basketball California
  *  YouTube Basketball New York  *  u Tube Basketball Texas  *  YouTube Basketball Michigan  *  YouTube Basketball Florida

227's Basketball Topixxx! Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

NBDL (NBA Developement League)

? 227's YouTube "Chili" features these exciting YouTube music and entertainment celebrities...click onto to these 227 YouTube "Chili" links, channels and articles for the most watched YouTube hip-hop music videos in the world!

 

  • Mariah Carey      Kardinall Offishall      Madonna                 Whitney Houston         Alvin & The Chipmunks
  • Chris Brown       Michael Jackson        50 Cent                   Britney Spears            Jerry Springer (Midget Fight)!
  • P-Diddy               Elvis Presley              Miley Cyrus             Lil' Wayne                   Country Music Television (CMT)
  • Katy Perry           NE-YO                         Coldplay                  Janet Jackson           Alicia Keys           Rihanna            Madonna Akon                           Britain's Got Talent (BGT)          227's YouTube "Chili"
  • Rihanna               Jonas Brothers          Lloyd                       American Idol             Nas (formerly Nasty Nas)
  • Beyonce              Chris Brown               Ellen DeGeneres    Christina Aguilera       Lady Gaga "Just Dance"
  • Rock-n-Roll         Ice Cube                     Oprah Winfery         Jordin Sparks              Charlie The Unicorn 
  • M.I.A.                  Harry Potter                 VH-1                       Whitney Houston           Spongebob
  • Will Smith           Flo Rida   Three 6 Mafia   Leona Lewis   Second Hand Serenade  Metallica                                  
  • Natasha Bedingfield   Taylor Swift   Keshia Cole   Sugarland   Avril Lavign         ICE CUBE   

    Sean Kingston, Justin Timberlake, M.I.A'"Paper Planes!" , Timbaland, 50 Cent, P-Diddy, Kanye West. Rihanna, Chris Brown, T.I.-"Big Things Poppin!" , Rihanna- Hate That I Love You (over 29 million views on YouTube)!, Leona Lewis, Soulja Boy, Britney Spears, Alicia Keys, Avril Lavigne, Alicia Keys- No One, Akon, NE-YO, LL Cool J, Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, Dmx, Jay-z, The Notorious B.I.G, 2PAC, Will Smith, Jonas Brothers, Pink "So What!" , Jordin Sparks feta. Chris Brown- "No Air" Official Music Video-over 33 million views on YouTube!), Lil Jon- get low music movie, Ludacris, Ice Cube, Flo Rida feat. T.Pain Music from the Movie Step Up 2 "Low," Chris Brown*Chris  Brown feat. T.Pain- Kiss Kiss (over 51 million views on YouTube)!, Chris Brown-"With You," Chris Brown feat. Lil' Wayne (over 56 million views on YouTube!, Chris Brown "YO," Chris Brown-Run It, Chris Brown- Forever, Wu Tang Clan, The Fugees, Jordin Sparks-Tattoo, Rhianna- Cry, Rihanna- unfaithful, Rhianna- Umbrella (over 43 million views on YouTube/You Tube)!, Ashanti, Fergie Fergalicious, Fergie- Clumsy!, Rhianna- Dont' Stop The Music (over 62 million views on YouTube), Avril Lavign- Girlfriend (over 92 million views on YouTube)!, Clay Aiken, Akon, Christina Aguilera-Hurt, Clay Aiken-On My Way Here, All-American Rejects, All-American Rejects-Move Along, All-American Rejects-It Ends Tonight, Ashley Parker Angel, Michael Jackson ("Thriller"), Backstreet Boys, Augustana, Natasha Bedingfeild, Michael Jackson, Natasha Bedingfield feat. Sean Kingston-Love Like This, Natasha Bedingfield-Pocketful of Sunshine and lots more at 227's YouTube Chili!!! Your source for the world's most watched YouTube Music Videos at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!

     Also: Jesse McCartney, Ray J, Usher, Elliott Yamin, Jonas Brothers, Fergie, Taylor Swift, Nelly Furtado, Jennifer Lopez, Flyleaf, Maroon 5, Kanye West, Keyshia Cole, The Pussycat Dolls, Colby O'Donis, Ashanti, R. Kelly, Girlicious, Colbi Calliat, Boy George, Mario, Three Days Grace, Beyonce',  Gorillaz, Carrie Underwood, 3 Doors Down, Finger Eleven, Ginuwine, Baby Bash, Kid Rock, Joe, Gwen Steffani, Billy Ray Cyrus, Danity Kane, Janel Parrish, Ciara, NLT, Fall Out Boy, Josh Turner, Fantasia and more! NBA, Atlanta Hawks Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!

     
    NBA, Boston Celtics Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! NBA, Chicago Bulls Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! NBA, Cleveland Cavaliers Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! NBA, Dallas Mavericks Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! NBA, Golden State Warriors Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!NBA, Charlotte Bobcats Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!NBA, Indiana Pacers Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!NBA, Los Angeles Clippers Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!NBA, Detroit Pistons Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! NBA, Memphis Grizzlies Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!NBA, Milwaukee Bucks Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!

     NBA, Denver Nuggets Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!  NBA, Houston Rockets Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!    NBA, Miami Heat Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!  NBA, Minnesota Timberwolves Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!  NBA, New Jersey Nets Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!NBA, New Orleans Hornets Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! NBA, New York Knicks Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! NBA, Orlando Magic Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! NBA, Philadelphia 76ers Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! NBA, Phoenix Suns Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! NBA, Portland Trailblazers Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! NBA, Sacramento Kings Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!    NBA, Utah Jazz Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! NBA, Washington Wizards Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!NBA, San Antonio Spurs Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!NBA, Seattle Supersonics (OKC) Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!NBA, Toronto Raptors Logo at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!

227's YouTube "Chili"-N' Sync! "Bye Bye Bye," "Pop," "It's Gonna Be Me," "Gone," "I Want You Back!" http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_nsync_bye_bye_girlfriend_pop_gone_promise.html