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227's YouTube "Chili"-Boo Chili' Rossini "Whip It Like A Chili' Slave" ft. Lil Wayne (NBA Mix) * U.S.D.A., Young Jeezy, Slick Pulla, Blood Raw, 211, JW  * Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227! History of Slavery From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Part of a series on Slavery Early history History · Antiquity · Aztec · Ancient Greece · Rome · Medieval Europe · Thrall · Kholop · Serfdom · Spanish New World colonies Religion The Bible · Judaism · Christianity · Islam By country or region Africa · Atlantic · Arab · Coastwise · Angola · Britain and Ireland · British Virgin Islands · Brazil · Canada · India · Iran · Japan · Libya · Mauritania · Romania · Sudan · Swedish · United States Contemporary slavery Modern Africa · Debt bondage · Penal labour · Sexual slavery · Unfree labour Opposition and resistance Timeline · Abolitionism · Compensated emancipation · Opponents of slavery‎ · Slave rebellion · Slave narrative This box: view • talk • edit Diagram of a slave ship from the Atlantic slave trade. From an Abstract of Evidence delivered before a select committee of the House of Commons of Great Britain in 1790 and 1791.The history of slavery covers many different forms of human exploitation across many cultures throughout history. Slavery, generally defined, refers to a situation where one human being is considered to be the property of another, and is therefore obligated to perform tasks for their owner without any choice involved. It can be traced back to the earliest records, such as the Code of Hammurabi (ca. 1760 BC), which refers to it as an established institution.[1] Slavery is rare among hunter-gatherer populations as slavery depends on a system of social stratification. Slavery also requires economic surpluses and a high population density to be viable.[2] Contents [hide] 1 The ancient Mediterranean civilizations 2 Rome 3 Europe 3.1 The Vikings and Scandinavia 3.2 Middle Ages 3.3 Portugal 3.4 Spain 3.5 Great Britain and Ireland 3.6 Pre-industrial Europe 3.7 Nazi Germany and its Occupied Territories 3.8 Soviet Union 4 Slavery in the Muslim World 4.1 Modern times 5 Afghanistan 6 Africa 6.1 North Africa 6.1.1 Barbary pirates 6.2 Sub-Saharan Africa 6.3 Modern times 7 The Americas 7.1 Among indigenous peoples 7.2 Brazil 7.2.1 Resistance and abolition 7.2.2 Modern times 7.3 Other South American countries 7.4 British and French Caribbean 7.5 North America 7.5.1 Early events 7.5.2 Slavery in American colonial law 7.5.3 Development of slavery 7.5.4 Early United States law 7.5.5 Civil War 7.5.6 Modern times 8 Asia 8.1 Indian subcontinent 8.1.1 Modern times 8.2 Nepal 8.3 China 8.3.1 Slavery in pre-modern China 8.3.2 Various classes of Booi 8.4 Japan 8.4.1 World War II 8.5 Korea 8.6 Southeast Asia 8.6.1 Modern times 8.7 Central Asia and the Caucasus 9 Oceania 9.1 Hawaii 9.2 New Zealand 9.3 Chatham Islands 9.4 Rapa Nui / Easter Island 10 Abolitionist movements 10.1 Britain 10.2 France 10.3 United States 10.4 Congress of Vienna 10.5 Twentieth century worldwide 11 See also 12 References 13 External links [edit] The ancient Mediterranean civilizations Main article: Slavery in antiquity Gustave Boulanger's painting The Slave Market. Ancient Greek art, showing a slave giving a mother her child.Slavery in ancient cultures was known to occur in civilizations as old as Sumer, and it was found in every civilization, including Ancient Egypt, the Akkadian Empire, Assyria, Ancient Greece,[3] Rome and parts of its empire. Such institutions were a mixture of debt-slavery, punishment for crime, the enslavement of prisoners of war, child abandonment, and the birth of slave children to slaves.[4] In the Roman Empire, probably over 25% of the empire's population,[5] and 30 to 40% of the population of Italy[6] was enslaved. Records of slavery in Ancient Greece go as far back as Mycenaean Greece. It is often said that the Greeks as well as philosophers such as

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Aristotle accepted the theory of natural slavery i.e. that some men are slaves by nature.[7][8] At the time of Plato and Socrates, slavery was so accepted by the Greeks (including philosophers) that few people indeed protested it as an institution,[9] although there were in fact a few voices of opposition Aristotle in Politics, Book 1, Chapter 6 noted and then discounted three voices opposed to his view of slavery, a jurist, philosopher and one other: But that those who take the opposite view have in a certain way right on their side, may be easily seen. For the words slavery and slave are used in two senses. There is a slave or slavery by law as well as by nature. The law of which I speak is a sort of convention- the law by which whatever is taken in war is supposed to belong to the victors. But this right many jurists impeach, as they would an orator who brought forward an unconstitutional measure: they detest the notion that, because one man has the power of doing violence and is superior in brute strength, another shall be his slave and subject. Even among philosophers there is a difference of opinion. The origin of the dispute, and what makes the views invade each other's territory, is as follows: in some sense virtue, when furnished with means, has actually the greatest power of exercising force; and as superior power is only found where there is superior excellence of some kind, power seems to imply virtue, and the dispute to be simply one about justice (for it is due to one party identifying justice with goodwill while the other identifies it with the mere rule of the stronger). If these views are thus set out separately, the other views have no force or plausibility against the view that the superior in virtue ought to rule, or be master. Others, clinging, as they think, simply to a principle of justice (for law and custom are a sort of justice), assume that slavery in accordance with the custom of war is justified by law, but at the same moment they deny this. For what if the cause of the war be unjust? And again, no one would ever say he is a slave who is unworthy to be a slave. Were this the case, men of the highest rank would be slaves and the children of slaves if they or their parents chance to have been taken captive and sold. Wherefore Hellenes do not like to call Hellenes slaves, but confine the term to barbarians. Yet, in using this language, they really mean the natural slave of whom we spoke at first; for it must be admitted that some are slaves everywhere, others nowhere. During the 8th and the 7th centuries BC, in the course of the two Messenian Wars the Spartans reduced an entire population to a pseudo-slavery called helotry.[10] According to Herodotus (IX, 28–29), helots were seven times as numerous as Spartans. In some Ancient Greek city states about 30% of the population consisted of slaves, but paid and slave labor seem to have been equally important.[11] Greeks however were among the first Europeans to abolish slavery with their constitution on 1823, which specifically noted that "in Greek territory no human being can be sold or bought, no matter his or her religion, and if a slave enters Greece, he is automatically considered an absolutely free man or woman and nobody can make claims on him or her".[citation needed] [edit] Rome Romans inherited the institution of slavery from the Greeks and the Phoenicians.[12] As the Roman Republic expanded outward, entire populations were enslaved, thus creating an ample supply to work in Rome's farms and households. The people subjected to Roman slavery came from all over Europe and the Mediterranean. Such oppression by an elite minority eventually led to slave revolts (see Roman Servile Wars); the Third Servile War led by Spartacus was the most famous and severe. Greeks, Berbers, Germans, Britons, Thracians, Gauls (or Celts), Jews, Arabs, and many more were slaves used not only for labor, but also for amusement (e.g. gladiators and sex slaves). If a slave ran away, he was liable to be crucified. By the late Republican era, slavery had become a vital economic pillar in the wealth of Rome.[13] [edit] Europe [edit] The Vikings and Scandinavia Main articles: Thrall and Volga trade route In the Viking era starting c. 793, the Norse raiders often captured and enslaved militarily weaker peoples they encountered. In the Nordic countries the slaves were called thralls (Old Norse: Þræll).[14] The thralls were mostly from Western Europe, among them many Franks, Anglo-Saxons, and Celts. Many Irish slaves participated in the colonization of Iceland.[15] There is evidence of German, Baltic, Slavic and Latin slaves as well. The slave trade was one of the pillars of Norse commerce during the 6th through 11th centuries.[16] The Persian traveller Ibn Rustah described how Swedish Vikings, the Varangians or Rus, terrorized and enslaved the Slavs. The slave raids came to an end when Catholicism became widespread throughout Scandinavia. As in the rest of Catholic Europe, the Scandinavian representatives for the church held that a Christian could not morally own another Christian. The thrall system was finally abolished in the mid-14th century in Scandinavia. [edit] Middle Ages Main article: Slavery in medieval Europe Chaos and invasion made the taking of slaves habitual throughout Europe in the early Middle Ages. St. Patrick, himself captured and sold as a slave, protested against an attack that enslaved newly baptized Christians in his Letter to the Soldiers of Coroticus. Slavery during the Early Middle Ages had several distinct sources. The Vikings raided across Europe, though their slave raids were the most destructive in the British Isles and Eastern Europe. While the Vikings kept some slaves for themselves as servants, known as thralls, most people captured by the Vikings would be sold on the Byzantine or Islamic markets. In the West the targets of Viking slavery were primarily English, Irish, and Scottish, while in the East they were mainly Slavs. The Viking slave trade slowly ended in the 1000s, as the Vikings settled in the European territories they once raided, Christianized, and merged with the local populace. The Islamic World was also a main factor in Medieval European slavery. From the early 700s until the early Modern time period (rough the 18th or 19th centuries) Muslims consistently took European slaves. This slavery began during the Muslim Conquest of Visigothic Spain and Portugal in the 8th century. The Muslim powers of Iberia both raided for slaves and purchased slaves from European merchants, often the Jewish Radhanites, one of the few groups that could easily move between the Christian and Islamic worlds. As the Muslims failed to conquer Europe in the 8th century they took to pirate raids against the shores of Spain, southern Portugal and France, and Italy, that would last roughly from the 9th century until the 12th century, when the Italian city-states of Genoa, Venice, and Pisa, along with the Spanish kingdoms of Aragon and Castile, as well as the Sicilian Normans, began to dominate the Mediterranean. The Middle Ages from 1100 to 1500 saw a continuation of the European slave trade, though with a shift from the Western

Mediterranean Islamic nations to the Eastern, as Venice and Genoa, in firm control of the Eastern Mediterranean from the 12th century and the Black Sea from the 13th century sold both Slavic and Baltic slaves, as well as Georgians, Turks, and other ethnic groups of the Black Sea and Caucasus, to the Muslim nations of the Middle East. The sale of European slaves by Europeans slowly ended as the Slavic and Baltic ethnic groups Christianized by the Late Middle Ages. European slaves in the Islamic World would, however, continue into the Modern time period as Muslim pirates, primarily Algerians, with the support of the Ottoman Empire, raided European coasts and shipping from the 16th to the 19th centuries, ending their attacks with the naval decline of the Ottoman Empire in the late 16th and 17th centuries, as well as the European conquest of North Africa throughout the 19th century. The Mongol invasions and conquests in the 13th century made the situation worse.[17] The Mongols enslaved skilled individuals, women and children and marched them to Karakorum or Sarai, whence they were sold throughout Eurasia. Many of these slaves were shipped to the slave market in Novgorod.[18][19][20] Slave commerce during the Late Middle Ages was mainly in the hands of Venetian and Genoese merchants and cartels, who were involved in the slave trade with the Golden Horde. In 1382 the Golden Horde under Khan Tokhtamysh sacked Moscow, burning the city and carrying off thousands of inhabitants as slaves. Between 1414 and 1423, some 10,000 eastern European slaves were sold in Venice.[21] Genoese merchants organized the slave trade from the Crimea to Mamluk Egypt. For years the Khanates of Kazan and Astrakhan routinely made raids on Russian principalities for slaves and to plunder towns. Russian chronicles record about 40 raids of Kazan Khans on the Russian territories in the first half of the 16th century.[22] In 1521, the combined forces of Crimean Khan Mehmed Giray and his Kazan allies attacked Moscow and captured thousands of slaves.[23] In 1441, Haci I Giray declared independence from the Golden Horde and established the Crimean Khanate. For a long time, until the early 18th century, the khanate maintained a massive slave trade with the Ottoman Empire and the Middle East. In a process called the "harvesting of the steppe", they enslaved many Slavic peasants. About 30 major Tatar raids were recorded into Muscovite territories between 1558-1596.[24] In 1571, the Crimean Tatars attacked and sacked Moscow, burning everything but the Kremlin and taking thousands of captives as slaves.[25] In Crimea, about 75% of the population consisted of slaves.[26] Medieval Spain and Portugal were the scene of almost constant warfare between Muslims and Christians. Periodic raiding expeditions were sent from Al-Andalus to ravage the Iberian Christian kingdoms, bringing back booty and slaves. In a raid against Lisbon, Portugal in 1189, for example, the Almohad caliph Yaqub al-Mansur took 3,000 female and child captives, while his governor of Córdoba, in a subsequent attack upon Silves, Portugal in 1191, took 3,000 Christian slaves.[27] The Byzantine-Ottoman wars and the Ottoman wars in Europe brought large numbers of Christian slaves into the Islamic world too.[28] After the battle of Lepanto approximately 12,000 Christian galley slaves were freed from the Ottoman Turks.[29] Christians were also selling Muslim slaves captured in war. The Knights of Malta attacked pirates and Muslim shipping, and their base became a centre for slave trading, selling captured North Africans and Turks. Malta remained a slave market until well into the late 18th century. It required a thousand slaves to equip merely the galleys (ships) of the Order.[30][31] Slavery in Poland was forbidden in the 15th century; in Lithuania, slavery was formally abolished in 1588; they were replaced by the second enserfment. Slavery remained a minor institution in Russia until the 1723, when the Peter the Great converted the household slaves into house serfs. Russian agricultural slaves were formally converted into serfs earlier in 1679.[32] The runaway Polish and Russian serfs and kholops known as Cossacks (‘outlaws’) formed autonomous communities in the southern steppes.[33] [edit] Portugal See also: Portuguese Empire, Economic history of Portugal, and Black ladino The 15th century Portuguese exploration of the African coast is commonly regarded as the harbinger of European colonialism. In 1452, Pope Nicholas V issued the papal bull Dum Diversas, granting Afonso V of Portugal the right to reduce any "Saracens, pagans and any other unbelievers" to hereditary slavery which legitimized slave trade under Catholic beliefs of that time. This approval of slavery was reaffirmed and extended in his Romanus Pontifex bull of 1455. These papal bulls came to serve as a justification for the subsequent era of slave trade and European colonialism. Although for a short period as in 1462, Pius II declared slavery to be "a great crime".[34] The followers of the church of England and Protestants did not use the papal bull as a justification. The position of the church was to condemn the slavery of Christians, but slavery was regarded as an old established and necessary institution which supplied Europe with the necessary workforce. In the 16th century African slaves had substituted almost all other ethnicities and religious enslaved groups in Europe.[35] Within the Portuguese territory of Brazil, and even beyond its original borders, the enslavement of native Americans was carried out by the Bandeirantes. Among many other European slave markets, Genoa, Venice and Verdun-sur-Meuse were some well known markets, their importance and demand growing after the great plague of the 14th century which decimated much of the European work force.[36] The maritime town of Lagos, Portugal, was the first slave market created in Portugal for the sale of imported African slaves - the Mercado de Escravos, opened in 1444.[37][38] In 1441, the first slaves were brought to Portugal from northern Mauritania.[38] Prince Henry the Navigator, major sponsor of the Portuguese African expeditions, as of any other merchandise, taxed one fifth of the selling price of the slaves imported to Portugal.[38] By the year 1552 black African slaves made up 10 percent of the population of Lisbon.[39][40] In the second half of the 16th century, the Crown gave up the monopoly on slave trade and the focus of European trade in African slaves shifted from import to Europe to slave transports directly to tropical colonies in the Americas - in the case of Portugal, especially Brazil.[38] In the 15th century one third of the slaves were resold to the African market in exchange of gold.[35] [edit] Spain See also: Spanish Empire, Spanish colonization of the Americas, and Black ladino Spain had to fight against relatively powerful civilizations of the New World. However, the Spanish conquest of the indigenous peoples in the Americas was also facilitated by the spread of diseases (e.g. smallpox) due to lack of biological immunity.[41] (like the Europeans that had lack of biological immunity to African diseases) Natives were used as forced labor (the Spanish employed the pre-Columbian draft system called the mita),[42] but the diseases caused a labor shortage and so the Spanish colonists were gradually involved in the Atlantic slave trade. The first Europeans to use African slaves in the New World were the Spaniards who laborers on islands such as Cuba and Hispaniola, where the alarming decline in the native population had spurred the first royal laws protecting the native population (Laws of Burgos, 1512-1513). The first African slaves arrived in Hispaniola in 1501.[43] [edit] Great Britain and Ireland Main articles: Slavery in Britain and Ireland and Slavery in the colonial United States Before, during and after Roman times, the practice of slavery was common in the British Isles. The peoples of Britain and Ireland continued the practice of the slavery system, often taking as slaves the peoples of vanquished territories. Ireland and Denmark were known to be ready markets for captured Anglo Saxon and Celtic slaves, although they are reputed to have been traded throughout Europe. Pope Gregory I reputably made the pun, Non Angli, sed Angeli ("Not Angles, but Angels"), after a response to his query regarding the identity of a group of fair-haired Angles slave children whom he had observed in the marketplace. Chattel slavery of English Christians was discontinued when William of Normandy conquered England in 1066[citation needed], but according to the Domesday Book census in 1086, 10% of the country's population were serfs, able to own land and possessions, but forever tied to their lord's lands.[44]. In 1102, The Council of Westminster, a collection of nobles, issued a decree: "Let no one hereafter presume to engage in that nefarious trade in which hitherto in England men were usually sold like brute animals." However, the Council had no legislative powers, and no act of law was valid unless signed by the monarch.[citation needed] The last form of enforced servitude in Britain (villeinage) had disappeared by the beginning of the 17th century[citation needed]. Indentured servitude, now considered a form of slavery, was later practiced in the 17th century as a form of punishment. Following the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland, as many as 550,000 Irish men, women and children were forced into indentured service and transported to the colonies in the British West Indies and British America.[45][46]. The British used North America as a penal colony through a system of indentured servitude. Convicts would be transported by private sector merchants and auctioned off to plantation owners upon arrival in the colonies. It is estimated that some 50,000 British convicts were sent to colonial America, representing perhaps one-quarter of all British emigrants during the eighteenth century.[47]. It is estimated that over half of all white immigrants to Colonial America during the 17th and 18th centuries consisted of redemptioners, migrants would had sold themselves into a period of indentured servitude in order to gain passage to the new world.[48][49] From the 16th to 19th century, Barbary Corsairs raided the coasts of Europe and attacked lone ships at sea. From 1609 to 1616, England lost 466 merchant ships to Barbary pirates. 160 English ships were captured by Algerians between 1677 and 1680.[50]. Many of the captured sailors were made into slaves. The corsairs were no strangers to the South West of England where raids were known in a number of coastal communities. Around 1645 Barbary Pirates under command of the Dutch renegade Jan Janszoon operating from the Moroccan port of Salé occupied the island of Lundy. During this time there were reports of captured slaves being sent to Algiers.[51][52] Ireland, despite its northern position, was not immune from attacks by the corsairs. In June 1631 Murat Reis, with pirates from Algiers and armed troops of the Ottoman Empire, stormed ashore at the little harbor village of Baltimore, County Cork. They captured almost all the villagers and took them away to a life of slavery in North Africa.[53] The prisoners were destined for a variety of fates — some lived out their days chained to the oars as galley slaves, while others would spend long years in the scented seclusion of the harem or within the walls of the sultan's palace. Only two of them ever saw Ireland again. Britain played a prominent role in the Atlantic slave trade which began around the mid-fifteenth century when Portuguese interests in Africa moved away from the fabled deposits of gold to a much more readily available commodity; slaves. Slavery was a legal institution in all of the 13 American colonies, and the profits of the slave trade and of West Indian plantations amounted to 5% of the British economy at the time of the Industrial Revolution.[54] In 1807, following many years of lobbying by the Abolitionist movement, the British Parliament voted to make the slave trade illegal anywhere in the empire. Thereafter Britain took a prominent role in combating the trade, although it took another generation before slavery itself was abolished in the British empire. Between 1808 and 1860, the West Africa Squadron seized approximately 1,600 slave ships and freed 150,000 Africans who were aboard.[55] Action was also taken against African leaders who refused to agree to British treaties to outlaw the trade, for example against "the usurping King of Lagos", deposed in 1851. Anti-slavery treaties were signed with over 50 African rulers.[56] In 1811, Arthur William Hodge was the first slave owner executed for the murder of a slave in the British West Indies.[57] He was not, however, as some have claimed, the first white person to have been lawfully executed for the killing of a slave.[58][59] [edit] Pre-industrial Europe Galley with rowing slavesIt became the custom among the Mediterranean powers to sentence condemned criminals to row in the war-galleys of the state (initially only in time of war).[60] The French Huguenots filled the galleys after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685 and Camisard rebellion.[61] Galley-slaves lived in unsavoury conditions, so even though some sentences prescribed a restricted number of years, most rowers would eventually die, even if they survived shipwreck and slaughter or torture at the hands of enemies or of pirates.[62] Naval forces often turned 'infidel' prisoners-of-war into galley-slaves. Several well-known historical figures served time as galley slaves after being captured by the enemy—the Ottoman corsair and admiral Turgut Reis and the Knights Hospitaller Grand Master Jean Parisot de la Valette among them.[63] The so-called second serfdom took place in Eastern Europe during this period (particularly in Austria-Hungary, Prussia, Russia and Poland). During the seventeenth and the eighteenth centuries, Ukraine was controlled by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. During this period, it is estimated that hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians were sold into slavery to the Turks.[64] Only in 1768 was a law passed in Poland that discontinued the nobility's right of life or death over serfs. Serfdom remained the practice in most of Russia until 19 February 1861. Some of the Roma people were enslaved over five centuries in Romania until abolition in 1864 (see Slavery in Romania).[65] Slavery in the French Republic was abolished on 4 February 1794 however it was re-established by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1804. Slavery would be permanently abolished in France after his first exile to Elba in 1814. The Haitian Revolution established Haiti as a free republic ruled by blacks, the first of its kind.[66] At the time of the revolution, Haiti was known as Saint-Domingue and was a colony of France.[67] [edit] Nazi Germany and its Occupied Territories Main articles: Forced labor in Germany during World War II and Slavery in modern Africa Between 1933 and 1945, the Nazi regime created many concentration camps in Germany and its occupied territories. Prisoners in Nazi concentration camps were typically enslaved and worked to death on short rations and in bad conditions, or killed if they became unable to work. Millions died as a direct result of forced labor under the Nazis. See for instance Eugen Kogon's publication The Theory and Practice of Hell: The German Concentration Camps and the System Behind Them[68] About 12 million forced laborers, most of whom were Eastern Europeans, were employed in the World War II German war economy.[69][70] More than 2,000 German companies profited from slave labor during the Nazi era, including Daimler-Benz, Deutsche Bank, Siemens, Volkswagen, Hoechst, Dresdner Bank, Krupp, Allianz, BASF, Bayer, BMW and Degussa.[71][72] [edit] Soviet Union Main articles: Gulag and Population transfer in the Soviet Union Between 1930 and 1960, the Soviet regime created many Lager labor camps in Siberia and Central Asia.[73][74] There were at least 476 separate camp complexes, each one comprising hundreds, even thousands of individual camps.[75] It is estimated that there may have been 5-7 million people in these camps at any one time. In later years the camps also held victims of Stalin’s purges as well as World War II prisoners. It is possible that approximately 10% of prisoners died each year.[76] Out of the 91,000 Germans captured alive after the Battle of Stalingrad, only 6,000 survived the Gulag and returned home.[77] Many of these prisoners, however, had died of illness contracted during the siege of Stalingrad and in the forced march into captivity.[78] Probably the worst of the camp complexes were the three built north of the Arctic circle at Kolyma, Norilsk and Vorkuta.[79][80] Prisoners in Soviet labor camps were worked to death with a mix of extreme production quotas, brutality, hunger and the harsh elements.[81] In all, more than 18 million people passed through the Gulag,[82] with further millions being deported and exiled to remote areas of the Soviet Union.[83] The fatality rate was as high as 80% during the first months in many camps. Immediately after the start of the German invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II, the NKVD massacred about 100,000 prisoners who awaited deportation either to NKVD prisons in Moscow or to the Gulag. Michael McFaul, in his New York Times article of 11 June 2003, entitled 'Books of the Times; Camps of Terror, Often Overlooked' [2], has this to say about the state of contemporary dialogue on Soviet slavery: It should now be known to all serious scholars that the camps began under Lenin and not Stalin. It should be recognized by all that people were sent to the camps not because of what they did, but because of who they were. Some may be surprised to learn about the economic function that the camps were designed to perform. Under Stalin, the camps were simply a crueler but equally inefficient way to exploit labor in the cause of building socialism than the one practiced outside the camps in the Soviet Union. Yet, even this economic role of the camps has been exposed before. What is remarkable is that the facts about this monstrous system so well documented in Applebaum's book are still so poorly known and even, by some, contested. For decades, academic historians have gravitated away from event-focused history and toward social history. Yet, the social history of the gulag somehow has escaped notice. Compared with the volumes and volumes written about the Holocaust, the literature on the gulag is thin. (The article draws attention to Anne Applebaum's Pulitzer Prize winning text Gulag: A History [3]) Main articles: Human trafficking and Sexual slavery Since the fall of the Iron Curtain, the impoverished former Eastern bloc countries such as Albania, Moldova, Romania, Bulgaria, Russia, Belarus and Ukraine have been identified as major trafficking source countries for women and children.[84] Young women and girls are often lured to wealthier countries by the promises of money and work and then reduced to sexual slavery.[85] It is estimated that 2/3 of women trafficked for prostitution worldwide annually come from Eastern Europe, three-quarters have never worked as prostitutes before.[86][87] The major destinations are Western Europe (Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, UK, Greece), the Middle East (Turkey, Israel, the United Arab Emirates), Asia, Russia and the United States.[88][89] It is estimated that half million Ukrainian women were trafficked abroad since 1991 (80% of all unemployed in Ukraine are women).[90][91] Russia is a major source of women trafficked globally for the purpose of sexual exploitation, Russian women are in prostitution in over 50 countries.[92][93][94] In poverty-stricken Moldova, where the unemployment rate for women ranges as high as 68% and one-third of the workforce live and work abroad, experts estimate that since the collapse of the Soviet Union between 200,000 and 400,000 women have been sold into prostitution abroad — perhaps up to 10% of the female population.[95][96] [edit] Slavery in the Muslim World Main articles: Arab slave trade and Slavery (Ottoman Empire) 13th century slave market in Yemen Capt. William Bainbridge paying tribute to the Dey of Algiers. Gradually in the 18th century slave raids became less frequent, but the Barbary pirates continued to enslave captured crews. Payments in ransom and tribute to the Barbary states amounted to 20% of United States government annual revenues in 1800.[97]The Arab slave trade lasted more than a millennium.[98][99] Slaves in the Arab World came from different many different regions, including Sub-Saharan Africa (mainly Zanj), the Caucasus (mainly Circassians),[100] Central Asia (mainly Tartars), and Central and Eastern Europe (mainly Saqaliba).[101] The medieval scholar and traveller Ibn Battuta states several times that he was given or purchased slaves.[102] The Arab or Middle Eastern slave trade is thought to have originated with trans-Saharan slavery.[103][104] Arab, Indian, and Oriental traders were involved in the capture and transport of slaves northward across the Sahara desert and the Indian Ocean region into Arabia and the Middle East, Persia, Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent.[105][106] The slave trade from East Africa to Arabia was dominated by Arab and African traders in the coastal cities of Zanzibar, Dar Es Salaam and Mombasa.[106][107] Tens of thousands of black Zanj slaves were imported to lower Iraq, where they may have, according to Richard Hellie, constituted at least a half of the total population there in the 9th and 10th centuries. At the same time, many tens of thousands of slaves in the region were also imported from Central Asia and the Caucasus.[108] Male slaves were employed as servants, soldiers, or laborers, while female slaves were traded to Middle Eastern countries and kingdoms by Arab, Indian, or Oriental traders, some as domestic servants and others in harems.[109][110][111] Some historians estimate that between 11 and 17 million slaves crossed the Red Sea, Indian Ocean, and Sahara Desert from 650 to 1900 AD.[112][113] The Moors, starting in the 8th century, raided coastal areas around the Mediterranean and Atlantic Ocean, and became known as the Barbary pirates. It is estimated that they captured 1.25 million slaves from Western Europe and North America between the 16th and 19th centuries.[114][115] In 1400 Timur the Lame invaded Armenia and Georgia. More than 60,000 people from the Caucasus were captured as slaves, and many districts of Armenia were depopulated.[116] From 1569 the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth suffered a series of Tatar invasions, the goal of which was to loot, pillage and capture slaves into jasyr. The borderland area to the south-east was in a state of semi-permanent warfare until the 18th century. Some researchers estimate that altogether more than 3 million people, predominantly Ukrainians but also Circassians, Russians, Belarusians, Poles and Jews were captured and enslaved during the time of the Crimean Khanate.[101][117] Russian conquest of the Crimea led to the abolition of slavery by the 1780s.[118] Slavery was an important part of Ottoman society. In Constantinople (today Istanbul), about 1/5 of the population consisted of slaves.[26] As late as 1908 women slaves were still sold in the Ottoman Empire.[119] In the middle of the 14th century, Murad I built his own personal slave army called the Kapıkulu. The new force was based on the sultan's right to a fifth of the war booty, which he interpreted to include captives taken in battle. The captive slaves were converted to Islam and trained in the sultan's personal service. In the devşirme (Turkish for 'gathering'), young Christian boys from the Balkans were taken away from their homes and families, converted to Islam and enlisted into special soldier classes of the Ottoman army or the civil service. These soldier classes were named Janissaries, the most famous branch of the Kapıkulu. The Janissaries eventually became a decisive factor in the Ottoman invasions of Europe.[120] Most of the military commanders of the Ottoman forces, imperial administrators and de facto rulers of the Ottoman Empire, such as Pargalı İbrahim Pasha and Sokollu Mehmet Paşa, were recruited in this way.[121][122] By 1609 the Sultan's Kapıkulu forces increased to about 100,000.[123] By this time however, the expeditions for young Christian boys were rare. The increased numbers of janissaries came from Muslim peasants who were now allowed into service as a result of increased military demands of 17th century warfare. The Mamluks were slave soldiers who converted to Islam and served the Muslim caliphs and the Ayyubid sultans during the Middle Ages. The first mamluks served the Abbasid caliphs in 9th century Baghdad. Over time they became a powerful military caste, and on more than one occasion they seized power for themselves, for example, ruling Egypt in the years 1250-1517. From 1250 Egypt had been ruled by the Bahri dynasty of Kipchak Turk origin. White slaves from the Caucasus served in the army and formed an elite corps of troops eventually revolting in Egypt to form the Burgi dynasty. Mamluks were mainly responsible for the expulsion of the Crusaders from Palestine and preventing the Mongol Ilkhanate of Persia and Iraq from entering Egypt.[124] The Moroccan Sultan Moulay Ismail "the Bloodthirsty" (1672-1727) raised a corps of 150,000 black slaves, called his Black Guard, who coerced the country into submission.[125] Nautical traders from the United States became targets, and frequent victims, of the Barbary pirates, as soon as that nation began trading with Europe and refused to pay the required tribute to the North African states.[126][127] [edit] Modern times Child Slavery: Trafficked children as young as 2 years old are forced to work up to 18 hours a day as camel jockeys in some Middle Eastern states.The Arab or Middle Eastern slave trade continued into the early 1900s,[128] and by some accounts continue to this day. Slavery in Morocco was outlawed in the 1930s.[129] As recently as the 1950s, Saudi Arabia had an estimated 450,000 slaves, 20% of the population.[130][131] It is estimated that as many as 200,000 black south Sudanese children and women (mostly from the Dinka tribe sold by the Sudanese Arabs of the north) have been taken into slavery in Sudan during the Second Sudanese Civil War.[132][133] In Mauritania it is estimated that up to 600,000 men, women and children, or 20% of the population, are currently enslaved, many of them used as bonded labor.[134] Slavery in Mauritania was criminalized in August 2007.[135] The Arab trade in slaves continued into the 20th century. Written travelogues and other historical works are replete with references to slaves owned by wealthy traders, nobility and heads of state in the Arabian Peninsula well into the 1920s. Slave owning and slave-like working conditions have been documented up to and including the present, in countries of the Middle East. Though the subject is considered taboo in the affected regions, a leading Saudi government cleric and author of the country's religious curriculum has called for the outright re-legalization of slavery[136][137]. Children as young as two years old are used for slavery as child camel jockeys across the Arab countries of the Middle East. Although strict laws have been introduced recently in Qatar and UAE, thanks to better awareness of the issue and lobbying by human rights organisations such as the Ansar Burney Trust, the use of children still continues in outlying areas and during secret night-time races. Many of the Iraqi women fleeing the Iraq War are turning to prostitution, others are trafficked abroad, to countries like Syria, Jordan, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, and Iran.[138] In Syria alone, an estimated 50,000 Iraqi refugee girls and women, many of them widows, are forced into prostitution.[139] Cheap Iraqi prostitutes have helped to make Syria a popular destination for sex tourists. The clients come from wealthier countries in the Middle East - many are Saudi men.[140] High prices are offered for virgins.[141] [edit] Afghanistan "The country generally between Caubul (Kabul) and the Oxus appears to be in a very lawless state; slavery is as rife as ever, and extends through Hazara, Badakshan, Wakhan, Sirikul (Sarikol), Kunjūt (Hunza), &c. A slave, if a strong man likely to stand work well, is, in Upper Badakshan, considered to be of the same value as one of the large dogs of the country, or of a horse, being about the equivalent of Rs 80. A slave girl is valued at from four horses or more, according to her looks &c.; men are, however, almost always exchanged for dogs. When I was in Little Tibet (Ladakh),a returned slave who had been in the Kashmir army took refuge in my camp; he said he was well enough treated as to food &c., but he could never get over having been exchanged for a dog, and constantly harped on the subject, the man who sold him evidently thinking the dog the better animal of the two. In Lower Badakshan, and more distant places, the price of slaves is much enhanced, and payment is made in coin."[142] In response to the Hazara uprising of 1892, the Afghan Emir Abdur Rahman declared a "Jihad" against the Shiites. His large army defeated the rebellion at its center, in Oruzgan, by 1892 and the local population was being massacred. According to S. A. Mousavi, "thousands of Hazara men, women, and children were sold as slaves in the markets of Kabul and Qandahar, while numerous towers of human heads were made from the defeated rebels as a warning to others who might challenge the rule of the Amir". Until the 20th century, some Hazaras were still kept as slaves by the Pashtuns; although Amanullah Khan banned slavery in Afghanistan during his reign,[143] the practice carried on unofficially for many more years.[144] [edit] Africa Main articles: African slave trade and Slavery in modern Africa Two slightly differing Okpoho manillas as used to purchase slavesIn most African societies, there was very little difference between the free peasants and the feudal vassal peasants. Vassals of the Songhay Muslim Empire were used primarily in agriculture; they paid tribute to their masters in crop and service but they were slightly restricted in custom and convenience. These people were more an occupational caste, as their bondage was relative. In the Kanem Bornu Empire, vassals were three classes beneath the nobles. Marriage between captor and captive was far from rare, blurring the anticipated roles.[106] French historian Fernand Braudel noted that slavery was endemic in Africa and part of the structure of everyday life. "Slavery came in different disguises in different societies: there were court slaves, slaves incorporated into princely armies, domestic and household slaves, slaves working on the land, in industry, as couriers and intermediaries, even as traders" (Braudel 1984 p. 435). During the 16th century, Europe began to outpace the Arab world in the export traffic, with its slave traffic from Africa to the Americas. The Dutch imported slaves from Asia into their colony in South Africa. In 1807 the United Kingdom, which held vast colonial territories on the African continent (including southern Africa), made the international slave trade illegal throughout its empire. The end of the slave trade and the decline of slavery was imposed upon Africa by its European conquerors. The nature of the slave societies differed greatly across the continent. There were large plantations worked by slaves in Egypt, the Sudan and Zanzibar, but this was not a typical use of slaves in Africa as a whole. In most African slave societies, slaves were protected and incorporated into the slave-owning family.[citation needed] 13th century Africa - Map of the main trade routes and states, kingdoms and empiresIn Senegambia, between 1300 and 1900, close to one-third of the population was enslaved. In early Islamic states of the western Sudan, including Ghana (750-1076), Mali (1235–1645), Segou (1712–1861), and Songhai (1275-1591), about a third of the population were slaves. In Sierra Leone in the 19th century about half of the population consisted of slaves. In the 19th century at least half the population was enslaved among the Duala of the Cameroon, the Igbo and other peoples of the lower Niger, the Kongo, and the Kasanje kingdom and Chokwe of Angola. Among the Ashanti and Yoruba a third of the population consisted of slaves. The population of the Kanem was about a third-slave. It was perhaps 40% in Bornu (1396–1893). Between 1750 and 1900 from one- to two-thirds of the entire population of the Fulani jihad states consisted of slaves. The population of the Sokoto caliphate formed by Hausas in the northern Nigeria and Cameroon was half-slave in the 19th century. It is estimated that up to 90% of the population of Arab-Swahili Zanzibar was enslaved. Roughly half the population of Madagascar was enslaved.[145][146][147][148][149][150][151] The Anti-Slavery Society estimated that there were 2,000,000 slaves in the early 1930s Ethiopia, out of an estimated population of between 8 and 16 million.[152] Slavery continued in Ethiopia until the brief Second Italo-Abyssinian War in October 1935, when it was abolished by order of the Italian occupying forces.[153] In response to pressure by Western Allies of World War II Ethiopia officially abolished slavery and serfdom after regaining its independence in 1942. On 26 August 1942 Haile Selassie issued a proclamation outlawing slavery.[154][155] When British rule was first imposed on the Sokoto Caliphate and the surrounding areas in northern Nigeria at the turn of the 20th century, approximately 2 million to 2.5 million people there were slaves.[156] Slavery in northern Nigeria was finally outlawed in 1936.[157] Elikia M’bokolo, April 1998, Le Monde diplomatique. Quote: "The African continent was bled of its human resources via all possible routes. Across the Sahara, through the Red Sea, from the Indian Ocean ports and across the Atlantic. At least ten centuries of slavery for the benefit of the Muslim countries (from the ninth to the nineteenth)." He continues: "Four million slaves exported via the Red Sea, another four million through the Swahili ports of the Indian Ocean, perhaps as many as nine million along the trans-Saharan caravan route, and eleven to twenty million (depending on the author) across the Atlantic Ocean"[158] [edit] North Africa [edit] Barbary pirates See also: Arab slave trade The Slave Market (c. 1884), painting by Jean-Léon GérômeAccording to Robert Davis between 1 million and 1.25 million Europeans were captured by Barbary pirates and sold as slaves in North Africa and Ottoman Empire between the 16th and 19th centuries.[159] The coastal villages and towns of Italy, Portugal, Spain and Mediterranean islands were frequently attacked by them and long stretches of the Italian, Portuguese and Spanish coasts were almost completely abandoned by their inhabitants; after 1600 Barbary pirates occasionally entered the Atlantic and struck as far north as Iceland.[160] In 1544, Hayreddin Barbarossa captured Ischia, taking 4,000 prisoners in the process, and deported to slavery some 9,000 inhabitants of Lipari, almost the entire population.[161] In 1551, Turgut Reis (known as Dragut in the West) enslaved the entire population of the Maltese island Gozo, between 5,000 and 6,000, sending them to Libya. When pirates sacked Vieste in southern Italy in 1554 they took 7,000 slaves. In 1555, Turgut Reis sailed to Corsica and ransacked Bastia, taking 6,000 prisoners. In 1558 Barbary corsairs captured the town of Ciutadella (Minorca), destroyed it, slaughtered the inhabitants and carried off 3,000 survivors to Istanbul as slaves.[162] In 1563 Turgut Reis landed at the shores of the province of Granada, Spain, and captured the coastal settlements in the area like Almuñécar, along with 4,000 prisoners. Barbary pirates frequently attacked the Balearic islands, resulting in many coastal watchtowers and fortified churches being erected. The threat was so severe that the island of Formentera became uninhabited.[163][164][165] In Portugal for instance, the coastal city of Nazaré was raided several times during until the 16th century when the local fortress was built (according to Pedro Penteado and his book based in the historical ecclesiastic diaries of Nazaré). The city of Lisbon built the Torre de Belém to defend the capital against these pirates. Between 1609 and 1616 England alone had a staggering 466 merchant ships lost to Barbary pirates. 160 British ships were captured by Algerians between 1677 and 1680.[166] Slave-taking persisted into the 19th century when Barbary pirates would capture ships and enslave the crew.[167] Even the United States was not immune. In 1783 the United States made peace with, and gained recognition from, the British monarchy, and in 1784 the first American ship was seized by pirates from Morocco. Payments in ransom and tribute to the Barbary states amounted to 20% of United States government annual revenues in 1800.[97] It was not until 1815 that naval victories in the Barbary Wars ended tribute payments by the U.S., although some European nations continued annual payments until the 1830s.[126] Among the most important slave markets where Pirates operated in Mediterranean Europe were the ports of Majorca, Toulon, Marseille, Genoa, Pisa, Leghorn and Malta. In Africa, the most important were the ports of Morroco, Tripoli, Algiers and Tunis.[168] [edit] Sub-Saharan Africa Main article: African slave trade Slaves being transported in Africa, 19th century engraving.David Livingstone wrote of the slave trade: "To overdraw its evils is a simple impossibility.... We passed a slave woman shot or stabbed through the body and lying on the path. [Onlookers] said an Arab who passed early that morning had done it in anger at losing the price he had given for her, because she was unable to walk any longer. We passed a woman tied by the neck to a tree and dead.... We came upon a man dead from starvation.... The strangest disease I have seen in this country seems really to be broken heartedness, and it attacks free men who have been captured and made slaves." Livingstone estimated that 80,000 Africans died each year before ever reaching the slave markets of Zanzibar.[169][170][171][172] Zanzibar was once East Africa's main slave-trading port, and under Omani Arabs in the 19th century as many as 50,000 slaves were passing through the city each year.[173] Prior to the 16th century, the bulk of slaves exported from Africa were shipped from East Africa to the Arabian peninsula. Zanzibar became a leading port in this trade. Arab slave traders differed from European ones in that they would often conduct raiding expeditions themselves, sometimes penetrating deep into the continent. They also differed in that their market greatly preferred the purchase of female slaves over male ones. The increased presence of European rivals along the East coast led Arab traders to concentrate on the overland slave caravan routes across the Sahara from the Sahel to North Africa. The German explorer Gustav Nachtigal reported seeing slave caravans departing from Kukawa in Bornu bound for Tripoli and Egypt in 1870. The slave trade represented the major source of revenue for the state of Bornu as late as 1898. The eastern regions of the Central African Republic have never recovered demographically from the impact of nineteenth-century raids from the Sudan and still have a population density of less than 1 person/km.[174] During the 1870s, European initiatives against the slave trade caused an economic crisis in northern Sudan, precipitating the rise of Mahdist forces. Mahdi’s victory created an Islamic state, one that quickly reinstituted slavery.[175][176] The Middle Passage, the crossing of the Atlantic to the Americas, endured by slaves laid out in rows in the holds of ships, was only one element of the well-known triangular trade engaged in by Portuguese, Dutch, French and British. Ships having landed slaves in Caribbean ports would take on sugar, indigo, raw cotton, and later coffee, and make for Liverpool, Nantes, Lisbon or Amsterdam. Ships leaving European ports for West Africa would carry printed cotton textiles, some originally from India, copper utensils and bangles, pewter plates and pots, iron bars more valued than gold, hats, trinkets, gunpowder and firearms and alcohol. Tropical shipworms were eliminated in the cold Atlantic waters, and at each unloading, a profit was made. The Atlantic slave trade peaked in the late 18th century, when the largest number of slaves were captured on raiding expeditions into the interior of West Africa. These expeditions were typically carried out by African kingdoms, such as the Oyo empire (Yoruba), Kong Empire, Kingdom of Benin, Kingdom of Fouta Djallon, Kingdom of Fouta Tooro, Kingdom of Koya, Kingdom of Khasso, Kingdom of Kaabu, Fante Confederacy, Ashanti Confederacy, Aro Confederacy and the kingdom of Dahomey.[177][178] Europeans rarely entered the interior of Africa, due to fear of disease and moreover fierce African resistance. The slaves were brought to coastal outposts where they were traded for goods. The people captured on these expeditions were shipped by European traders to the colonies of the New World. As a result of the War of the Spanish Succession, the United Kingdom obtained the monopoly (asiento de negros) of transporting captive Africans to Spanish America. It is estimated that over the centuries, twelve to twenty million people were shipped as slaves from Africa by European traders, of whom some 15 percent died during the terrible voyage, many during the arduous journey through the Middle Passage. The great majority were shipped to the Americas, but some also went to Europe and Southern Africa. Before the arrival of the Portuguese, slavery had already existed in Kingdom of Kongo. Despite its establishment within his kingdom, Afonso I of Kongo believed that the slave trade should be subject to Kongo law. When he suspected the Portuguese of receiving illegally enslaved persons to sell, he wrote letters to the King João III of Portugal in 1526 imploring him to put a stop to the practice.[179] The kings of Dahomey sold their war captives into transatlantic slavery, who otherwise would have been killed in a ceremony known as the Annual Customs. As one of West Africa's principal slave states, Dahomey became extremely unpopular with neighbouring peoples.[180][181][182] Like the Bambara Empire to the east, the Khasso kingdoms depended heavily on the slave trade for their economy. A family's status was indicated by the number of slaves it owned, leading to wars for the sole purpose of taking more captives. This trade led the Khasso into increasing contact with the European settlements of Africa's west coast, particularly the French.[183] Benin grew increasingly rich during the 16th and 17th centuries on the slave trade with Europe; slaves from enemy states of the interior were sold, and carried to the Americas in Dutch and Portuguese ships. The Bight of Benin's shore soon came to be known as the "Slave Coast".[184] In the 1840s, King Gezo of Dahomey said:[185] "The slave trade is the ruling principle of my people. It is the source and the glory of their wealth…the mother lulls the child to sleep with notes of triumph over an enemy reduced to slavery…" 200th anniversary of the British act of parliament abolishing slave trading, commemorated on a British two pound coin.In 1807, the UK Parliament passed the Bill that abolished the trading of slaves. The King of Bonny (now in Nigeria) was horrified at the conclusion of the practice:[186] "We think this trade must go on. That is the verdict of our oracle and the priests. They say that your country, however great, can never stop a trade ordained by God himself." Some historians conclude that the total loss in persons removed, those who died on the arduous march to coastal slave marts and those killed in slave raids, far exceeded the 65–75 million inhabitants remaining in Sub-Saharan Africa at the trade's end.[citation needed] Others believe that slavers had a vested interest in capturing rather than killing, and in keeping their captives alive; and that this coupled with the disproportionate removal of males and the introduction of new crops from the Americas (cassava, maize) would have limited general population decline to particular regions of western Africa around 1760–1810, and in Mozambique and neighbouring areas half a century later. There has also been speculation that within Africa, females were most often captured as brides, with their male protectors being a "bycatch" who would have been killed if there had not been an export market for them. During the period from late 19th and early 20th centuries, demand for the labor-intensive harvesting of rubber drove frontier expansion and slavery. The personal monarchy of Belgian King Leopold II in the Congo Free State saw mass killings and slavery to extract rubber.[187] [edit] Modern times Main article: Slavery in modern Africa Slavery in Mauritania was legally abolished by laws passed in 1908, 1961, and 1981, but it was only criminalised in 2007,[135] and several human rights organizations report that the practice continues there. In Niger, slavery is also a current phenomenon; a study has found that more than 800,000 people are still slaves, almost 8% of the population.[188] Descent-based slavery, where generations of the same family are born into bondage, is traditionally practised by at least four of Niger’s eight ethnic groups. It is especially rife among the warlike Tuareg, in the wild deserts of north and west Niger, who roam near the borders with Mali and Algeria.[189] The trading of children has been reported in modern Nigeria and Benin. In parts of Ghana, a family may be punished for an offense by having to turn over a virgin female to serve as a sex slave within the offended family. In this instance, the woman does not gain the title or status of "wife". In parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin, shrine slavery persists, despite being illegal in Ghana since 1998. In this system of ritual servitude, sometimes called trokosi (in Ghana) or voodoosi in Togo and Benin, young virgin girls are given as slaves to traditional shrines and are used sexually by the priests in addition to providing free labor for the shrine. Slavery in Sudan continues as part of an ongoing civil war. Evidence emerged in the late 1990s of systematic slavery in cacao plantations in West Africa; see the chocolate and slavery article.[185] [edit] The Americas [edit] Among indigenous peoples Main articles: Aztec slavery, Repartimiento, Slavery in the Spanish New World colonies, and Slavery in Canada In Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica the most common forms of slavery were those of prisoners-of-war and debtors. People unable to pay back a debt could be sentenced to work as a slave to the person owed until the debt was worked off. Warfare was important to the Maya society, because raids on surrounding areas provided the victims required for human sacrifice, as well as slaves for the construction of temples.[190] Most victims of human sacrifice were prisoners of war or slaves.[191] According to Aztec writings, as many as 84,000 people were sacrificed at a temple inauguration in 1487.[192] Slavery was not usually hereditary; children of slaves were born free. In the Inca Empire, workers were subject to a mita in lieu of taxes which they paid by working for the government. Each ayllu, or extended family, would decide which family member to send to do the work. It is unclear if this labor draft or corvée counts as slavery. The Spanish adopted this system, particularly for their silver mines in Bolivia.[193] Other slave-owning societies and tribes of the New World were, for example, the Tehuelche of Patagonia, the Comanche of Texas, the Caribs of Dominica, the Tupinambá of Brazil, the fishing societies, such as the Yurok, that lived along the coast from what is now Alaska to California, the Pawnee and Klamath.[194] Many of the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast, such as the Haida and Tlingit, were traditionally known as fierce warriors and slave-traders, raiding as far as California. Slavery was hereditary, the slaves being prisoners of war. Among some Pacific Northwest tribes about a quarter of the population were slaves.[195][196] One slave narrative was composed by an Englishman, John R. Jewitt, who had been taken alive when his ship was captured in 1802; his memoir provides a detailed look at life as a slave, and asserts that a large number were held. [edit] Brazil Main articles: History of slavery in Brazil and Bandeirantes Slavery in Brazil, Jean Baptiste Debret. A Guaraní family captured by Indian slave hunters. By Jean Baptiste DebretSlavery was a mainstay of the Brazilian colonial economy, especially in mining and sugar cane production. Brazil obtained 37% of all African slaves traded, and more than 3 million slaves were sent to this one country. Starting around 1550, the Portuguese began to trade African slaves to work the sugar plantations, once the native Tupi people deteriorated. Although Portuguese Prime Minister Marquês de Pombal abolished slavery in mainland Portugal on the 12 February 1761, slavery continued in her overseas colonies. Slavery was practiced among all classes. Slaves were owned by upper and middle classes, by the poor, and even by other slaves.[197] From São Paulo, the Bandeirantes, adventurers mostly of mixed Portuguese and native ancestry, penetrated steadily westward in their search for Indian slaves. Along the Amazon river and its major tributaries, repeated slaving raids and punitive attacks left their mark. One French traveler in the 1740s described hundreds of miles of river banks with no sign of human life and once-thriving villages that were devastated and empty. In some areas of the Amazon Basin, and particularly among the Guarani of southern Brazil and Paraguay, the Jesuits had organized their Jesuit Reductions along military lines to fight the slavers. In the mid to late 19th century, many Amerindians were enslaved to work on rubber plantations.[198][199][200] [edit] Resistance and abolition Escaped slaves formed Maroon communities which played an important role in the histories of Brazil and other countries such as Suriname, Puerto Rico, Cuba, and Jamaica. In Brazil, the Maroon villages were called palenques or quilombos. Maroons survived by growing vegetables and hunting. They also raided plantations. At these attacks, the maroons would burn crops, steal livestock and tools, kill slavemasters, and invite other slaves to join their communities. Jean-Baptiste Debret, a French painter who was active in Brazil in the first decades of the 19th Century, started out with painting portraits of members of the Brazilian Imperial family, but soon became concerned with the slavery of both blacks and indigenous inhabitants. His paintings on the subject (two appear on this page) helped bring attention to the subject in both Europe and Brazil itself. The Clapham Sect, a group of evangelical reformers, campaigned during much of the 19th century for the United Kingdom to use its influence and power to stop the traffic of slaves to Brazil. Besides moral qualms, the low cost of slave-produced Brazilian sugar meant that British colonies in the West Indies were unable to match the market prices of Brazilian sugar, and each Briton was consuming 16 pounds (7 kg) of sugar a year by the 19th century. This combination led to intensive pressure from the British government for Brazil to end this practice, which it did by steps over several decades. First, foreign slave trade was banned in 1850. Then, in 1871, the sons of the slaves were freed. In 1885, slaves aged over 60 years were freed. The Paraguayan War contributed to ending slavery, since many slaves enlisted in exchange for freedom. In Colonial Brazil, slavery was more a social than a racial condition. In fact, some of the greatest figures of the time, like the writer Machado de Assis and the engineer André Rebouças had black ancestry. Brazil's 1877-78 Grande Seca (Great Drought) in the cotton-growing northeast led to major turmoil, starvation, poverty and internal migration. As wealthy plantation holders rushed to sell their slaves south, popular resistance and resentment grew, inspiring numerous emancipation societies. They succeeded in banning slavery altogether in the province of Ceará by 1884.[201] Slavery was legally ended nationwide on 13 May by the Lei Aurea ("Golden Law") of 1888. In fact, it was an institution in decadence at these times, as since the 1880s the country had begun to use European immigrant labor instead. Brazil was the last nation in the Western Hemisphere to abolish slavery. [edit] Modern times However, in 2004, the government acknowledged to the United Nations that at least 25,000 Brazilians work under conditions "analogous to slavery." The top anti-slavery official puts the number of modern slaves at 50,000.[202] More than 1,000 slave laborers were freed from a sugar cane plantation in 2007 by the Brazilian government, making it the largest anti-slavery raid in modern times in Brazil.[203] [edit] Other South American countries Funeral at slave plantation during Dutch colonial rule, Suriname. Colored lithograph printed circa 1840-1850, digitally restored.During the period from late 19th and early 20th centuries, demand for the labor-intensive harvesting of rubber drove frontier expansion and slavery in Latin America and elsewhere. Indigenous people were enslaved as part of the rubber boom in Ecuador, Peru, Colombia, and Brazil.[204] In Central America, rubber tappers participated in the enslavement of the indigenous Guatuso-Maleku people for domestic service.[205] [edit] British and French Caribbean Main article: Slavery in the British and French Caribbean Slavery was commonly used in the parts of the Caribbean controlled by France and the British Empire. The Lesser Antilles islands of Barbados, St. Kitts, Antigua, Martinique and Guadeloupe, which were the first important slave societies of the Caribbean, began the widespread use of African slaves by the end of the 17th century, as their economies converted from sugar production.[206] Among white Caribbeans there exists an underclass known as Redlegs; the descendants of English, Scottish and Irish indentured servants, and prisoners imported to the island.[207][208] The Calendar of State Papers, Colonial Series of 1701 records 25,000 slaves in Barbados, of which 21,700 were white.[209] By the middle of the 18th century, British Jamaica and French Saint-Domingue had become the largest slave societies of the region, rivaling Brazil as a destination for enslaved Africans. Due to overwork and tropical diseases, the death rates for Caribbean slaves were greater than birth rates. The conditions led to increasing numbers of slave revolts, escaped slaves forming Maroon communities and fighting guerrilla wars against the plantation owners. Campaigns against slavery began during the period of the Enlightenment and grew to large proportions in Europe and United States during the 19th century (see Abolitionism). To regularise slavery, in 1685 Louis XIV had enacted the code noir, which accorded certain human rights to slaves and responsibilities to the master, who was obliged to feed, clothe and provide for the general well-being of his slaves. Free blacks owned one-third of the plantation property and one-quarter of the slaves in Saint Domingue (later Haiti).[210] Slavery in the French Republic was abolished on 4 February 1794. When it became clear that Napoleon intended to re-establish slavery, Dessalines and Pétion switched sides, in October 1802. On 1 January 1804, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, the new leader under the dictatorial 1801 constitution, declared Haiti a free republic.[66] Thus Haiti became the second independent nation in the Western Hemisphere, after the United States, and the only successful slave rebellion in world history.[67] Whitehall in England announced in 1833 that slaves in its territories would be totally freed by 1840. In the meantime, the government told slaves they had to remain on their plantations and would have the status of "apprentices" for the next six years. On 1st of August 1834, an unarmed group of mainly elderly Negroes being addressed by the Governor at Government House about the new laws, began chanting: "Pas de six ans. Point de six ans" ("Not six years. No six years"), drowning out the voice of the Governor. Peaceful protests continued until a resolution to abolish apprenticeship was passed and de facto freedom was achieved. Full emancipation for all was legally granted ahead of schedule on 1 August, 1838, making Trinidad the first British colony with slaves to completely abolish slavery.[211] After Great Britain abolished slavery, it began to pressure other nations to do the same. France, too, abolished slavery. By then Saint-Domingue had already won its independence and formed the independent Republic of Haiti. French-controlled islands were then limited to a few smaller islands in the Lesser Antilles. [edit] North America Main Articles: Slavery in Colonial America, Slavery in Canada, History of slavery in the United States, Atlantic slave trade, Indian slavery, Slavery among the Cherokee, History of slavery in Kentucky, History of slavery in Missouri [edit] Early events The first slaves used by Europeans in what later became United States territory were among Lucas Vásquez de Ayllón's colonization attempt of North Carolina in 1526. The attempt was a failure, lasting only one year; the slaves revolted and fled into the wilderness to live among the Cofitachiqui people.[4] The first historically significant slave in what would become the United States was Estevanico, a Moroccan slave and member of the Narváez expedition in 1528 and acted as a guide on Fray Marcos de Niza's expedition to find the Seven Cities of Gold in 1539. In 1619 twenty Africans were brought by a Dutch soldier and sold to the English colony of Jamestown, Virginia as indentured servants. It is possible that Africans were brought to Virginia prior to this, both because neither John Rolfe our source on the 1619 shipment nor any contemporary of his ever says that this was the first contingent of Africans to come to Virginia and because the 1625 Virginia census lists one black as coming on a ship that appears to only have landed people in Virginia prior to 1619.[212] The transformation from indentured servitude to racial slavery happened gradually. It was not until 1661 that a reference to slavery entered into Virginia law, directed at Caucasian servants who ran away with a black servant. It was not until the Slave Codes of 1705 that the status of African Americans as slaves would be sealed. This status would last for another 160 years, until after the end of the American Civil War with the ratification of the 13th Amendment in December 1865. Only a fraction of the enslaved Africans brought to the New World ended up in British North America-- perhaps 5%. The vast majority of slaves shipped across the Atlantic were sent to the Caribbean sugar colonies, Brazil, or Spanish America. By the 1680s, enslaved Africans were imported to English colonies in great numbers, and the practice continued to be protected by the English Crown. By that time, English farmers in the northern colonies were purchasing slaves in great numbers. [edit] Slavery in American colonial law 1642: Massachusetts becomes the first colony to legalize slavery. 1650: Connecticut legalizes slavery. 1661: Virginia officially recognizes slavery by statute. 1662: A Virginia statute declares that children born would have the same status as their mother. 1663: Maryland legalizes slavery. 1664: Slavery is legalized in New York and New Jersey.[213] [edit] Development of slavery The shift from indentured servants to African slaves was prompted by a dwindling class of former servants who had worked through the terms of their indentures and thus became competitors to their former masters. These newly freed servants were rarely able to support themselves comfortably, and the tobacco industry was increasingly dominated by large planters. This caused domestic unrest culminating in Bacon's Rebellion. Eventually, chattel slavery became the norm in regions dominated by plantations. Many slaves in British North America were owned by plantation owners who lived in Britain. The British courts had made a series of contradictory rulings on the legality of slavery[214] which encouraged several thousand slaves to flee the newly-independent United States as refugees along with the retreating British in 1783. The British courts having ruled in 1772 that such slaves could not be forcibly returned to North America (see James Somersett and Somersett's Case for a review of the Somerset Decision), the British government resettled them as free men in Sierra Leone. See Black Loyalists. Several slave rebellions took place during the 17th and 18th centuries. [edit] Early United States law Through the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 (also known as the Freedom Ordinance) under the Continental Congress, slavery was prohibited in the territories north of the Ohio River. In the East, though, slavery was not abolished until later. The importation of slaves into the United States was banned on 1 January 1808;[215] but not the internal slave trade, nor involvement in the international slave trade externally. Aggregation of northern free states gave rise to one contiguous geographic area, north of the Ohio River and the old Mason-Dixon line. This separation of a free North and an enslaved South launched a massive political, cultural and economic struggle. Refugees from slavery fled the South across the Ohio River to the North via the Underground Railroad, and their presence agitated Northerners. Midwestern state governments asserted States Rights arguments to refuse federal jurisdiction over fugitives. Some juries exercised their right of jury nullification and refused to convict those indicted under the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. The Dred Scott decision of 1857 asserted that one could take one's property anywhere, even if one's property was chattel and one crossed into a free territory. It also asserted that African Americans could not be citizens, as many Northern states granted blacks citizenship, who (in some states) could even vote. This was an example of Slave Power, the plantation aristocracy's attempt to control the North. While traditionally, this has been viewed as turning Northern public opinion against the South, it should be noted that pro-slavery forces made gains in the 1858 elections and it was the anti-slavery Republicans who were on the defensive on the issue. After the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, armed conflict broke out in Kansas Territory, where the question of whether it would be admitted to the Union as a slave state or a free state had been left to the inhabitants. The radical abolitionist John Brown was active in the mayhem and killing in "Bleeding Kansas." The true turning point in public opinion is better fixed at the Lecompton Constitution fraud. Pro-slavery elements in Kansas had arrived first from Missouri and quickly organized a territorial government that excluded abolitionists. Through the machinery of the territory and violence, the pro-slavery faction attempted to force an unpopular pro-slavery constitution through the state. This infuriated Northern Democrats, who supported popular sovereignty, and was exacerbated by the Buchanan administration reneging on a promise to submit the constitution to a referendum - which it would surely fail. Anti-slavery legislators took office under the banner of the Republican Party. [edit] Civil War Peter, a slave from Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 1863. The scars are a result of a whipping by his overseer, who was subsequently discharged. It took two months to recover from the beating.Approximately one Southern family in four held slaves prior to war. According to the 1860 U.S. census, about 385,000 individuals[216] (i.e. 1.4% of White Americans in the country, or 4.8% of southern whites) owned one or more slaves.[217][218] 95% of blacks lived in the South, comprising one third of the population there as opposed to 1% of the population of the North. Consequently, fears of eventual emancipation were much greater in the South than in the North.[219] In the election of 1860, the Republicans swept Abraham Lincoln into the Presidency (with only 39.8% of the popular vote) and legislators into Congress. Lincoln however, did not appear on the ballots in most southern states and his election split the nation along sectional lines. After decades of controlling the Federal Government, several of the southern states declared they had seceded from the U.S. (the Union) in an attempt to form the Confederate States of America. Northern leaders like Lincoln viewed the prospect of a new Southern nation, with control over the Mississippi River and the West, as unacceptable. This led to the outbreak of the Civil War, which spelled the end for chattel slavery in America. However, in August 1862, Lincoln wrote to editor Horace Greeley that despite his own moral objection to slavery, the objective of the war was to save the Union and not either to save or to destroy slavery. He went on to say that if he could save the Union without freeing a single slave, or by freeing all the slaves, or by freeing only some of the slaves, he would do it. Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 was a powerful move that proclaimed freedom for slaves within the Confederacy as soon as the Union Army arrived; Lincoln had no power to free slaves in the border states or the rest of the Union, so he promoted the Thirteenth Amendment, which freed all the remaining slaves in December 1865. The proclamation made the abolition of slavery an official war goal and it was implemented as the Union captured territory from the Confederacy. Slaves in many parts of the south were freed by Union armies or when they simply left their former owners. Over 150,000 joined the Union Army and Navy as soldiers and sailors. The remaining slaves within the United States remained enslaved until the final ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution on 6 December 1865 (with final recognition of the amendment on 18 December), eight months after the cessation of hostilities. Only in Kentucky did a significant slave population remain by that time, although there were some in West Virginia and Delaware. After the failure of Reconstruction, freed slaves in the United States were treated as second class citizens. For decades after their emancipation, many former slaves living in the South sharecropped and had a low standard of living. In some states, it was only after the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 60s that blacks obtained legal protection from racial discrimination (see segregation). [edit] Modern times Although slavery has been illegal in the United States for a century and a half, the United States Department of Labor occasionally prosecutes cases against people for false imprisonment and involuntary servitude. These cases often involve illegal immigrants who are forced to work as slaves in factories to pay off a debt claimed by the people who transported them into the United States. Other cases have involved domestic workers. Long Islander Mahender Sabhnani, 52, an international perfume maker, was convicted by US Federal District Court Judge Arthur Spatt (in Central Islip N.Y.) of slavery of 2 Indonesian housekeepers in his $ 2 million Muttontown home, and sentenced on 27 June 2008 to 3 years and 4 months in prison with fine of $ 12,500. His wife, Varsha, was sentenced to 11 years in prison. A 12-count federal indictment included charges of forced labor, conspiracy, involuntary servitude and harboring aliens, specifically "beating slaves with brooms and umbrellas, slashed with knives, and forced to climb stairs and to take freezing showers for misdeeds that included sleeping late or stealing food from the trash because they were poorly fed."[220][221] [edit] Asia [edit] Indian subcontinent Main article: Slavery in India The Greek historian Arrian writes in his book Indica: "This also is remarkable in India, that all Indians are free, and no Indian at all is a slave. In this the Indians agree with the Lacedaemonians. Yet the Lacedaemonians have Helots for slaves, who perform the duties of slaves; but the Indians have no slaves at all, much less is any Indian a slave." Though any formalised slave trade has not existed in South Asia, unfree labor has existed for centuries in the Medieval ages, in different forms. The most common forms have been kinds of bonded labor. During the epoch of the Mughals, debt bondage reached its peak, and it was common for money lenders to make slaves of peasants and others who failed to repay debts. Under these practices, more than one generation could be forced into unfree labor; for example, a son could be sold into bonded labor for life to pay off the debt, along with interest. The early Arab invaders of Sind in the 700's, the armies of the Umayyad commander Muhammad bin Qasim, are reported to have enslaved tens of thousands of Indian prisoners, including both soldiers and civilians.[222][223] In the early 11th century Tarikh al-Yamini, the Arab historian Al-Utbi recorded that in 1001 the armies of Mahmud of Ghazna conquered Peshawar and Waihand, "in the midst of the land of Hindustan", and captured some 100,000 youths.[224][225] Later, following his twelfth expedition into India in 1018-19, Mahmud is reported to have returned to with such a large number of slaves that their value was reduced to only two to ten dirhams each. This unusually low price made, according to Al-Utbi, "merchants [come] from distant cities to purchase them, so that the countries of Central Asia, Iraq and Khurasan were swelled with them, and the fair and the dark, the rich and the poor, mingled in one common slavery". Elliot and Dowson refers to "five hundred thousand slaves, beautiful men and women.".[226][227][228] Later, during the Delhi Sultanate period (1206-1555), references to the abundant availability of low-priced Indian slaves abound. Levi attributes this primarily to the vast human resources of India, compared to its neighbours to the north and west (Mughal Indian population being approximately 12 to 20 times that of Turan and Iran at the end of 16th century) ..[229] Arab slave traders also brought slaves as early as the first century AD from Africa. Most of the African slaves were brought however in the 17th century and were taken into Western India. The Siddi people are of mainly East African descent. Much of the northern and central parts of the subcontinent was ruled by the so-called Slave Dynasty of Turkic origin from 1206-1290: Qutb-ud-din Aybak, a slave of Muhammad Ghori rose to power following his master's death. For almost a century, his descendants ruled presiding over the introduction of Tankas and building of Qutub Minar. According to Sir Henry Bartle Frere (who sat on the Viceroy's Council), there were an estimated 8,000,000 or 9,000,000 slaves in India in 1841. In Malabar, about 15% of the population were slaves. Slavery was abolished in both Hindu and Muslim India by the Indian Slavery Act V. of 1843. Provisions of the Indian Penal Code of 1861 effectively abolished slavery in India by making the enslavement of human beings a criminal offense.[230][231][232][233] [edit] Modern times According to Human Rights Watch, there are currently more than 4100 bonded laborers in India,[234] who work as slaves to pay off debts; a majority of them are Dalits.[235] There are also an estimated 5 million bonded workers in Pakistan.[236] As many as 200,000 Nepali girls, many under 14, have been sold into the sex slavery in India. Nepalese women and girls, especially virgins, are favored in India because of their fair skin and young looks.[237][238] [edit] Nepal Slavery was abolished in Nepal in 1924.[239] In 1997, a human rights agency reported that 40,000 Nepalese workers are subject to slavery and 200,000 kept in bonded labour.[240] Nepal's Maoist-led government has abolished the slavery-like Haliya system in 2008.[241] As many as 200,000 Nepali girls, many under the age of 14, have been sold into sex slavery in India.[237] Nepalese women and girls, especially virgins, are favoured in India because of their fair skin and young looks.[238] [edit] China Slavery in China has repeatedly come in and out of favor. Due to the enormous population and relatively high development of the region throughout most of its history, China has had a large workforce. "In the houses of wealthy citizens, it is not unusual to find twenty to thirty slaves attending upon a family. Even citizens in the humbler walks of life deem it necessary to have each a slave or two. The price of a slave varies, of course, according to age, health, strength, and general appearance. The average price is from fifty to one hundred dollars, but in time of war, or revolution, poor parents, on the verge of starvation, offer their sons and daughters for sale at remarkably low prices. I remember instances of parents, rendered destitute by the marauding bands who invested the two southern Kwangs in 1854-55, offering to sell their daughters in Canton for five dollars apiece. . . . The slavery to which these unfortunate persons are subject, is perpetual and hereditary, and they have no parental authority over their offspring. The great-grandsons of slaves, however, can, if they have sufficient means, purchase their freedom. . . . Masters seem to have the same uncontrolled power over their slaves that parents have over their children. Thus a master is not called to account for the death of a slave, although it is the result of punishment inflicted by him."[242] "In former times slaves were slain and offered in sacrifice to the spirit of the owner when dead, or by him to his ancestors: sometimes given as a substitute to suffer the death penalty incurred by his owner or in fulfillment of a vow. It used to be customary in Kuei-chou (and Szü-chuan too, I believe) to inter living slaves with their dead owners; the slaves were to keep a lamp burning in the tomb.... Slavery exists in China, especially in Canton and Peking.... It is a common thing for well-to-do people to present a couple of slave girls to a daughter as part of her marriage dowery [sic]. Nearly all prostitutes are slaves. It is, however, customary with respectable people to release their slave girls when marriageable. Some people sell their slaves girls to men wanting a wife for themselves or for a son of theirs. However, all types of slavery are illegal today in China. I have bought three different girls: two in Szü-chuan for a few taels each, less than fifteen dollars. One I released in Tientsin, another died in Hongkong; the other I gave in marriage to a faithful servant of mine. Some are worth much money at Shanghai."[243] Private slavery in China was technically abolished in 1910,[244] although the practice apparently still continues unofficially in some regions.[245][246] [edit] Slavery in pre-modern China Main article: Slavery in seventeenth-century China Boo-i Aha (Manchu:booi niyalma) (Chinese translation:包衣阿哈) is a Manchu word literally translated as "household person" and sometimes rendered as "slaves". In his book China Marches West, Peter C. Perdue stated:"In 1624(After Nurhachi's invasion of Liaodong) "Chinese households....while those with less were made into slaves." The Manchu was establishing close personal and paternalist relationship between masters and their slaves, as Nurhachi said:" The Master should love the slaves and eat the same food as him". Perdue further pointed out that boo-i aha "did not correspond exactly to the Chinese category of "bondservant-slave" (Chinese:奴僕), even though many western scholars would directly translate "boo-i" as "bondservant".[247] [edit] Various classes of Booi booi niru a Manchu word (Chinese:包衣佐領), meaning Neiwufu Upper Three Banner's platoon leader of about 300 men . Booi guanlin a Manchu word (Chinese:包衣管領), meaning the manager of booi doing all the domestic duties of Neiwufu. Booi amban is also a Manchu word, meaning high official, (Chinese:包衣大臣). Estate bannerman (Chinese:庄头旗人) are those renegade Chinese who joined the Jurchen, or original civilians-soldiers working in the fields. These people were all turned into booi aha, or field slaves. [edit] Japan Main article: Slavery in Japan Slavery in Japan was, for most of its history, indigenous, since the export and import of slaves was restricted by Japan being a group of islands. Korean slaves were shipped to Japan during the Japanese invasions of Korea in the 16th century.[248][249] The export of a slave from Japan is recorded in 3rd century Chinese document, although the system involved is unclear. These slaves were called seiko (生口?), lit. "living mouth". In the 8th century, a slave was called nuhi (奴婢?) and series of laws on slavery was issued. In an area of present-day Ibaraki Prefecture, out of a population of 190,000, around 2,000 were slaves; the proportion is believed to have been even higher in western Japan. By the time of the Sengoku period (1467-1615), the attitude that slavery was anachronistic had become widespread. Oda Nobunaga is said to have had an African slave or former-slave in his retinue.[250][dubious – discuss] In late 16th century Japan, slavery was officially banned; but forms of contract and indentured labor persisted alongside the period penal codes' forced labor. Somewhat later, the Edo period penal laws prescribed "non-free labor" for the immediate family of executed criminals in Article 17 of the Gotōke reijō (Tokugawa House Laws), but the practice never became common. The 1711 Gotōke reijō was compiled from over 600 statutes promulgated between 1597 and 1696.[251] [edit] World War II As the Empire of Japan annexed Asian countries, from the late 19th century onwards, archaic institutions including slavery were abolished in those countries. However, during the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Pacific War, the Japanese military used millions of civilians and prisoners of war as forced labor, on projects such as the Burma Railway. According to a joint study by historians including Zhifen Ju, Mitsuyoshi Himeta, Toru Kubo and Mark Peattie, more than 10 million Chinese civilians were mobilized by the Kōa-in (Japanese Asia Development Board) for forced labour.[252] According to the Japanese military's own record, nearly 25% of 140,000 Allied POWs died while interned in Japanese prison camps where they were forced to work (U.S. POWs died at a rate of 37%).[253][254] More than 100,000 civilians and POWs died in the construction of the Burma-Siam Railway.[255] The U.S. Library of Congress estimates that in Java, between 4 and 10 million romusha (Japanese: "manual laborer"), were forced to work by the Japanese military.[256] About 270,000 of these Javanese laborers were sent to other Japanese-held areas in South East Asia. Only 52,000 were repatriated to Java, meaning that there was a death rate of 80%. (For further details, see Japanese war crimes.)[257] Approximately 5,400,000 Koreans were conscripted into forced labor from 1939 to 1945. About 670,000 of them were taken to Japan, where about 60,000 died between 1939 and 1945 due mostly to exhaustion or poor working conditions. Many of those taken to Karafuto Prefecture (modern-day Sakhalin) were trapped there at the end of the war, stripped of their nationality and denied repatriation by Japan; they became known as the Sakhalin Koreans.[258] The total deaths of Korean forced laborers in Korea and Manchuria for those years is estimated to be between 270,000 and 810,000.[259] As many as 200,000 women,[260] mostly from Korea and China, and some other countries such as the Philippines, Taiwan, Burma, the Dutch East Indies, Netherlands,[261] and Australia[262] were forced into sexual slavery during the World War II. (See Comfort women) [edit] Korea Indigenous slaves existed in Korea. Slavery was officially abolished with the Gabo Reform of 1894 but remained extant in reality until 1930. During the Joseon Dynasty (1392–1910) about 30% to 50% of the Korean population were slaves.[263] Slavery was hereditary, as well as a form of legal punishment.[264] There was a slave class with both government and privately owned slaves, and the government occasionally gave slaves to citizens of higher rank. Privately owned slaves could be inherited as personal property. During poor harvests and famine, many peasants would voluntarily become slaves in order to survive. In the case of private slaves they could buy their freedom.[265][266][267][268] [edit] Southeast Asia There was a large slave class in Khmer Empire who built the enduring monuments in Angkor Wat and did most of the heavy work.[269] Slaves had been taken captive from the mountain tribes.[270] People unable to pay back a debt to the upper ruling class could be sentenced to work as a slave too.[271] Between the 17th and the early 20th centuries one-quarter to one-third of the population of some areas of Thailand and Burma were slaves.[272] In Siam (Thailand), the war captives became the property of the king. During the reign of Rama III (1824-1851), there were an estimated 46,000 war slaves. Slaves from independent hill populations were "hunted incessantly and carried off as slaves by the Siamese, the Anamites, and the Cambodians" (Colquhoun 1885:53).[273] Slavery was not abolished in Siam until 1905.[274] Yi people in Yunnan practiced a complicated form of slavery. People were split into the Black Yi (nobles, 7% of the population), White Yi (commoners), Ajia (33% of the Yi population) and the Xiaxi (10%). Ajia and Xiaxi were slave castes. The White Yi were not slaves but had no freedom of movement. The Black Yi were famous for their slave-raids on Han Chinese communities. After the 1959 some 700,000 slaves were freed.[275][276][277] Slaves in Toraja society in Indonesia were family property. Sometimes Torajans decided to become slaves when they incurred a debt, pledging to work as payment. Slaves could be taken during wars, and slave trading was common. Torajan slaves were sold and shipped out to Java and Siam. Slaves could buy their freedom, but their children still inherited slave status. Slaves were prohibited from wearing bronze or gold, carving their houses, eating from the same dishes as their owners, or having sex with free women—a crime punishable by death. Slavery was abolished in 1909 by the Dutch East Indies government.[278][279] [edit] Modern times There are currently an estimated 300,000 women and children involved in the sex trade throughout Southeast Asia.[280] It is common that Thai women are lured to Japan and sold to Yakuza-controlled brothels where they are forced to work off their price.[281][282] According to the International Labor Organization (ILO), an estimated 800,000 people are subject to forced labor in Myanmar.[283] In November 2006, the International Labor Organization announced it will be seeking "to prosecute members of the ruling Myanmar junta for crimes against humanity" over the continuous forced labor of its citizens by the military at the International Court of Justice.[284] [edit] Central Asia and the Caucasus Russian conquest of the Caucasus led to the abolition of slavery by the 1860s[285][286] and the conquest of the Central Asian Islamic khanates of Bukhara, Samarkand, and Khiva by the 1870s.[287] The Russian administration liberated the slaves of the Kazakhs in 1859.[288] A notorious slave market for captured Russian and Persian slaves was centred in the Khanate of Khiva from the 17th to the 19th century.[289] During the first half of the 19th century alone, some one million Persians, as well as an unknown number of Russians, were enslaved and transported to Central Asian khanates.[290][291] When the Russian troops took Khiva in 1873 there were 29,300 Persian slaves, captured by Turkoman raiders. According of Josef Wolff (Report of 1843-1845) the population of the Khanate of Bukhara was one million two hundred thousand, of whom 200,000 were Persian slaves.[292] At the beginning of the 21st century Chechens and Ingush kept Russian captives as slaves or in slave-like conditions in the mountains of the northern Caucasus.[293] [edit] Oceania In the first half of the nineteenth century, small-scale slave raids took place across Polynesia to supply labor and sex workers for the whaling and sealing trades, with examples from both the westerly and easterly extremes of the Polynesian triangle. By the 1860s this had grown to a larger scale operation with Peruvian slave raids in the South Sea Islands to collect labor for the guano industry. [edit] Hawaii Ancient Hawaii was a caste society. People were born into specific social classes. Kauwa were the outcast or slave class. They are believed to have been war captives, or the descendents of war captives. Marriage between higher castes and the kauwa was strictly forbidden. The kauwa worked for the chiefs and were often used as human sacrifices at the luakini heiau. (They were not the only sacrifices; law-breakers of all castes or defeated political opponents were also acceptable as victims.)[294] [edit] New Zealand In traditional Māori society of Aotearoa, prisoners of war became taurekareka, slaves, unless released, ransomed or tortured.[295] With some exceptions, the child of a slave remained a slave. As far as it is possible to tell, slavery seems to have increased in the early nineteenth century, as a result of increased numbers of prisoners being taken by Māori military leaders such as Hongi Hika and Te Rauparaha in the Musket Wars, the need for labor to supply whalers and traders with food, flax and timber in return for western goods, and the missionary condemnation of cannibalism. Slavery was outlawed when the British annexed New Zealand in 1840, immediately prior to the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, although it did not end completely until government was effectively extended over the whole of the country with the defeat of the Kingi movement in the Wars of the mid 1860s. [edit] Chatham Islands One group of Polynesians who migrated to the Chatham Islands became the Moriori who developed a largely pacifist culture. It was originally speculated that they settled the Chathams direct from Polynesia, but it is now widely believed they were disaffected Māori who emigrated from the South Island of New Zealand.[296][297][298][299] Their pacifism left the Moriori unable to defend themselves when the islands were invaded by mainland Māori in the 1830s. Some 300 Moriori men, women and children were massacred and the remaining 1,200 to 1,300 survivors were enslaved.[300][301] [edit] Rapa Nui / Easter Island The isolated island of Rapa Nui/Easter Island was inhabited by the Rapanui, who suffered a series of slave raids from 1805 or earlier, culminating in a near genocidal experience in the 1860s. The 1805 raid was by American sealers and was one of a series that changed the attitude of the islanders to outside visitors, with reports in the 1820s and 1830s that all visitors received a hostile reception. In December 1862, Peruvian slave raiders took between 1,400 and 2,000 islanders back to Peru to work in the guano industry; this was about a third of the island's population and included much of the island's leadership, the last ariki-mau and possibly the last who could read Rongorongo. After intervention by the French ambassador in Lima, the last 15 survivors were returned to the island, but brought with them smallpox, which further devastated the island. [edit] Abolitionist movements Main article: Abolitionism Proclamation of the abolition of slavery by Victor Hughes in the Guadeloupe, 1 November 1794Slavery has existed, in one form or another, throughout the whole of human history. So, too, have movements to free large or distinct groups of slaves. Moses led Israelite slaves from ancient Egypt according to the Biblical Book of Exodus - possibly the first account of a movement to free slaves. {Exodus 5-20} However, abolitionism should be distinguished from efforts to help a particular group of slaves, or to restrict one practice, such as the slave trade. [edit] Britain In 1772, the Somersett Case (R. v. Knowles, ex parte Somersett)[302] of the English Court of King's Bench ruled that slavery was unlawful in England (although not elsewhere in the British Empire). A similar case, that of Joseph Knight, took place in Scotland five years later and ruled slavery to be contrary to the law of Scotland. Following the work of campaigners in the United Kingdom, such as William Wilberforce and Thomas Clarkson, the Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade was passed by Parliament on 25 March 1807, coming into effect the following year. The act imposed a fine of £100 for every slave found aboard a British ship. The intention was to outlaw entirely the Atlantic slave trade within the whole British Empire. The significance of the abolition of the British slave trade lay in the number of people hitherto sold and carried by British slave vessels. Britain shipped 2,532,300 Africans across the Atlantic, equalling 41% of the total transport of 6,132,900 individuals. This made the British empire the biggest slave-trade contributor in the world due to the magnitude of the empire. A fact that made the abolition act all the more damaging to the global trade of slaves.[303] The Slavery Abolition Act, passed on 23 August 1833, outlawed slavery itself in the British colonies. On 1 August 1834 all slaves in the British West Indies, were emancipated, but still indentured to their former owners in an apprenticeship system. The intention of, was to educate former slaves to a trade but instead allowed slave owners to maintain ownership illegally. The act was finally repealed in 1838.[304] Britain abolished slavery in both Hindu and Muslim India by the Indian Slavery Act V. of 1843.[305] Domestic slavery practised by the educated African coastal elites (as well as interior traditional rulers) in Sierra Leone was abolished in 1928. A study found practices of domestic slavery still widespread in rural areas in the 1970s.[306][307] [edit] France There were slaves in mainland France (especially in trade ports such as Nantes or Bordeaux).[308] , but the institution was never officially authorized there. However, slavery was of vital importance in France's Caribbean possessions, especially Saint-Domingue. In 1793, influenced by the french Declaration of the Rights of Man of August 1789 and unable to repress the massive slave revolt of August 1791 that had become the Haitian Revolution, the French Revolutionary commissioners Sonthonax and Polverel declared general emancipation. In Paris, on 4 February 1794, Abbé Grégoire and the Convention ratified this action by officially abolishing slavery in all French territories outside mainland France, freeing all the slaves both for moral and security reasons. Napoleon sent troops to the Caribbean in 1802 to try to re-establish slavery due to the economic stress France was suffering while fighting all over Europe. They succeeded in Guadeloupe, but the ex-slaves of Saint-Domingue defeated the French corps that was sent and declared independence. This colony became Haiti, the first black republic, on 1 January 1804, with at its head the leader of the revolt,Toussaint Louverture.[66] [edit] United States In 1688, four German Quakers in Germantown, a small village outside Philadelphia, wrote and presented a protest against the institution of slavery to their local Quaker Meeting. The Meeting did not know what to do and passed the petition up the chain of authority, where it continued to be ignored and was archived and forgotten for 150 years. In 1844 it was rediscovered and became a focus of the abolitionist movement. The 1688 Petition was the first American public document of its kind to protest slavery, and in addition was one of the first public documents to define universal human rights. Slaves in the United States who escaped ownership would often make their way to Canada via the "Underground Railroad". The more famous of the African American abolitionists include former slaves Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth and Frederick Douglass. Many more people who opposed slavery and worked for abolition were northern whites, such as William Lloyd Garrison and John Brown. Slavery was legally abolished in 1865 by the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The British designated Sierra Leone in Africa as a destination country for former slaves of the British Empire, and some Americans hoped to send freed American slaves to Liberia in a similar kind of "repatriation". While abolitionists agreed on the evils of slavery, there were differing opinions on what should happen after African Americans were freed. Some abolitionists, worried about the difficulties of integrating numerous uneducated people into a hostile environment, hoped to send freed people to Africa. By the time of Emancipation, most African-Americans were now native to the United States and did not want to leave. They believed that their labor had made the land theirs as well as that of the whites; trade unions feared competition in supplying an affordable labor force against former slaves. Most freed people stayed in the United States by choice.[citation needed] [edit] Congress of Vienna The Declaration of the Powers, on the Abolition of the Slave Trade, of 8th of February 1815 (Which also formed ACT, No. XV. of the Final Act of the Congress of Vienna of the same year) included in its first sentence the concept of the "principles of humanity and universal morality" as justification for ending a trade that was "odious in its continuance".[309] [edit] Twentieth century worldwide The 1926 Slavery Convention, an initiative of the League of Nations, was a turning point in banning global slavery. Article 4 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted in 1948 by the UN General Assembly, explicitly banned slavery. The United Nations 1956 Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery was convened to outlaw and ban slavery worldwide, including child slavery. In December 1966, the UN General Assembly adopted the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which was developed from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Article 8 of this international treaty bans slavery. The treaty came into force in March 1976 after it had been ratified by 35 nations. As of November 2003, 104 nations had ratified the treaty. According to the British Anti-Slavery Society, "Although there is no longer any state which recognizes any claim by a person to a right of property over another, there are an estimated 27 million people throughout the world, mainly children, in conditions of slavery."[310][311][312][313] See also: List of notable opponents of slavery [edit] See also Part of a series on Slavery Early history History · Antiquity · Aztec · Ancient Greece · Rome · Medieval Europe · Thrall · Kholop · Serfdom · Spanish New World colonies Religion The Bible · Judaism · Christianity · Islam By country or region Africa · Atlantic · Arab · Coastwise · Angola · Britain and Ireland · British Virgin Islands · Brazil · Canada · India · Iran · Japan · Libya · Mauritania · Romania · Sudan · Swedish · United States Contemporary slavery Modern Africa · Debt bondage · Penal labour · Sexual slavery · Unfree labour Opposition and resistance Timeline · Abolitionism · Compensated emancipation · Opponents of slavery‎ · Slave rebellion · Slave narrative This box: view • talk • edit General Types of slavery: Child slavery Coolies Forced labour Gulag Indentured servitude Serfdom Types of slave trades: African slave trade Arab slave trade Atlantic slave trade Blackbirding Coastwise slave trade Swedish slave trade Present-day slavery: Slavery in modern Africa Trafficking in human beings People List of famous slaves Notable abolitionists William Wilberforce - UK Types of slave soldiers: Janissary Mamluk Saqaliba Ideals and organisations Anti-Slavery Society Coalition to Abolish Slavery and Trafficking Religious Society of Friends Society for effecting the abolition of the slave trade United States National Slavery Museum Abolitionism: Compensated Emancipation International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition Other Asiento Bandeirantes Fazendas Guaraní History of slavery in the United States: Origins of the American Civil War North Carolina v. Mann Influx of disease in the Caribbean Kholop History of Liverpool Pedro Blanco Religion and slavery Sambo's Grave Serfdom in Russia Slave narrative Slave rebellion Slave ship Slavery at common law William Lynch speech [edit] References ^ "Mesopotamia: The Code of Hammurabi". http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/MESO/CODE.HTM. "e.g. Prologue, "the shepherd of the oppressed and of the slaves". Code of Laws #7, "If any one buy from the son or the slave of another man"." ^ "Slavery". Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/548305/slavery. ^ Introduction of Slavery ^ Demography, Geography and the Sources of Roman Slaves, by W. V. Harris: The Journal of Roman Studies, 1999 ^ Roman Slavery ^ BBC - History - Resisting Slavery in Ancient Rome ^ Ben Kiernan "Blood and Soil: A World History of Genocide and Extermination from Sparta to Darfur", Yale University Press, 2007, ISBN 0300100981, 9780300100983, Pages 65-68 ^ Léonie J. Archer (1988). "Slavery and Other Forms of Unfree Labour: And Other Forms of Unfree Labour." History Workshop Centre for Social History (Oxford, England), Published by Routledge, ISBN 0415002036, 9780415002035, Page 28 ^ John M. Rist (1982) "Human Value: A Study in Ancient Philosophical Ethics." BRILL, ISBN 9004067574, 9789004067578, page 26 ^ Sparta - A Military City-State ^ "Ancient Greece". Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. http://www.webcitation.org/5kwqwnRA9. ^ "Slavery" The Encyclopedia Americana, 1981, page 19 ^ http://www.dl.ket.org/latinlit/mores/slaves/ ^ Slavery and Thralldom: The Unfree in Viking Scandinavia ^ Iceland History ^ Origin of Vikings: Algeidjuborg trafficking of "valkyries" to Islam ^ The Destruction of Kiev ^ William of Rubruck's Account of the Mongols ^ Life in 13th Century Novgorod -- Women and Class Structure ^ The Effects of the Mongol Empire on Russia ^ How To Reboot Reality — Chapter 2, Labor ^ The Full Collection of the Russian Annals, vol.13, SPb, 1904 ^ The Tatar Khanate of Crimea - All Empires ^ Supply of Slaves ^ Moscow - Historical background ^ a b Historical survey > Slave societies ^ Ransoming Captives in Crusader Spain: The Order of Merced on the Christian-Islamic Frontier ^ Ottoman Dhimmitude ^ Famous Battles in History The Turks and Christians at Lepanto ^ A medical service for slaves in Malta during the rule of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem ^ Brief History of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem ^ Historical survey > Ways of ending slavery ^ Cossacks, Encyclopedia.com ^ Allard, Paul (1912). "Slavery and Christianity". Catholic Encyclopedia. XIV. New York: Robert Appleton Company. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14036a.htm. Retrieved 4 February 2006. ^ a b Klein, Herbert. The Atlantic Slave Trade. ^ Bales, Kevin. Understanding Global Slavery: A Reader ^ Goodman, Joan E. (2001). A Long and Uncertain Journey: The 27,000 Mile Voyage of Vasco Da Gama. Mikaya Press, ISBN 096504937X. ^ a b c d de Oliveira Marques, António Henrique R. (1972). History of Portugal. Columbia University Press, ISBN 0231031599, p. 158-160, 362-370. ^ Thomas Foster Earle, K. J. P. Lowe "Black Africans in Renaissance Europe" p.157 Google ^ David Northrup, "Africa's Discovery of Europe" p.8 (Google) ^ David A. Koplow Smallpox The Fight to Eradicate a Global Scourge ^ U.S. Library of Congress ^ Health in slavery ^ Domesday Book Slave ^ The curse of Cromwell, BBC See also "To Hell Or Barbados: The Ethnic Cleansing Of Ireland", by Sean O'Callaghan. ^ Irish slaves in the Caribbean ^ "British Convicts Shipped to American Colonies". American Historical Review 2. Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History. October 1896. http://www.dinsdoc.com/butler-1.htm. Retrieved 2007-06-21. ^ White Servitude ^ Indentured Servitude in Colonial America ^ Rees Davies, British Slaves on the Barbary Coast, BBC, July 1, 2003 ^ "Pirates who got away with it". Study of sails on pirate ships. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/africa/article1449736.ece. Retrieved 2007-11-25. ^ "Europe: a History". Norman Davis. http://books.google.com/books?id=jrVW9W9eiYMC&pg=PA561&lpg=PA561&dq=barbary+lundy&source=web&ots=NxJusqG1IC&sig=p_th8heyRg-OFiSM_T8Oi9yvnu8. Retrieved 2007-11-25. ^ This article incorporates text from the article "Barbary Pirates" in the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. ^ Was slavery the engine of economic growth? ^ Sailing against slavery. By Jo Loosemore BBC ^ The West African Squadron and slave trade ^ John Andrew, The Hanging of Arthur Hodge[1], Xlibris, 2000, ISBN 0-7388-1930-1. The assertion is probably correct; there appear to be no other records of any British slave owners being executed for holding slaves, and, given the excitement which the Hodge trial excited, it seems improbable that another execution could have occurred without attracting attention. Slavery itself as an institution in the British West Indies only continued for another 23 years after Hodge's death. ^ Vernon Pickering, A Concise History of the British Virgin Islands, ISBN 0934139059, page 48 ^ Records indicate at least two earlier incidents. On 23 November 1739, in Williamsburg, Virginia, two white men, Charles Quin and David White, were hanged for the murder of another white man's black slave; and on 21 April 1775, the Fredericksburg newspaper, the Virginia Gazette reported that a white man William Pitman had been hanged for the murder of his own black slave. 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(3 November 2005). "The Middle East and the Making of the United States, 1776 to 1815". http://www.columbia.edu/cu/news/05/11/michaelOren.html. Retrieved 18 February 2007. ^ Islam and Slavery ^ "Know about Islamic Slavery in Africa" ^ "Horrible Traffic in Circassian Women—Infanticide in Turkey," New York Daily Times, August 6 1856 ^ a b Soldier Khan ^ Insights into the concept of Slavery ^ Battuta's Trip: Journey to West Africa (1351 - 1353) ^ Slavery in the Sahara ^ A Legacy Hidden in Plain Sight (washingtonpost.com) ^ a b c ""Slavery in Arabia"". "Owen 'Alik Shahadah". http://www.arabslavetrade.com. ^ Slaves And Slave Trading In Shi'i Iran, AD 1500-1900 ^ Slavery. Encyclopædia Britannica. ^ Islam and Slavery ^ Battuta's Trip: Anatolia (Turkey) 1330 - 1331 ^ Chaman Andam, slavery in early 20th century Iran ^ Focus on the slave trade ^ The Unknown Slavery: In the Muslim world, that is -- and it's not over ^ When europeans were slaves: Research suggests white slavery was much more common than previously believed ^ Davis, Robert. Christian Slaves, Muslim Masters: White Slavery in the Mediterranean, the Barbary Coast and Italy, 1500-1800.Based on "records for 27,233 voyages that set out to obtain slaves for the Americas". Stephen Behrendt, "Transatlantic Slave Trade", Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience (New York: Basic Civitas Books, 1999), ISBN 0-465-00071-1. ^ The Turco-Mongol Invasions ^ The living legacy of jihad slavery ^ Slave trade in the early modern Crimea from the perspective of Christian, Muslim, and Jewish sources ^ Islam and slavery: Sexual slavery ^ Janissary ^ Lewis. Race and Slavery in the Middle East ^ The Turks: History and Culture ^ In the Service of the State and Military Class ^ The Mamluk (Slave) Dynasty (Timeline) ^ Lewis. Race and Slavery in the Middle East. Oxford Univ Press 1994. ^ a b Richard Leiby, Terrorists by Another Name: The Barbary Pirates, The Washington Post, 15 October 2001 ^ British Slaves on the Barbary Coast by Professor Rees Davies, BBC ^ World History: 700 to 1516 ^ Amazigh Arts in Morocco ^ Slavery in Islam ^ £400 for a Slave ^ War and Genocide in Sudan ^ The Lost Children of Sudan ^ The Abolition season on BBC World Service ^ a b Mauritanian MPs pass slavery law ^ Saudi sheik: 'Slavery is a part of Islam' ^ Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery in Saudi Arabia ^ Iraqi sex slaves recount ordeals ^ '50,000 Iraqi refugees' forced into prostitution ^ Iraqi refugees forced into prostitution ^ Desperate Iraqi Refugees Turn to Sex Trade in Syria ^ "Report of "The Mary's" Exploration from Caubul to Kashgar." T. G. Montgomerie. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Vol. 41 (1871), p. 146. ^ Afghan Constitution: 1923 ^ Afghan History: kite flying, kite running and kite banning By Mir Hekmatullah Sadat ^ Welcome to Encyclopædia Britannica's Guide to Black History ^ Slow Death for Slavery - Cambridge University Press ^ Digital History Slavery Fact Sheets ^ Tanzania - Stone Town of Zanzibar ^ 18th and Early 19th Centuries. The Encyclopedia of World History ^ Fulani slave-raids ^ Central African Republic: History ^ Twentieth Century Solutions of the Abolition of Slavery ^ CJO - Abstract - Trading in slaves in Ethiopia, 1897–1938 ^ Ethiopia ^ Chronology of slavery ^ Slow Death for Slavery: The Course of Abolition in Northern Nigeria, 1897-1936 (review), Project MUSE - Journal of World History ^ The end of slavery, BBC World Service | The Story of Africa ^ The impact of the slave trade on Africa ^ The Crypt: Slaves in the Islamic world ^ White slaves. 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Culture of slavery ^ bandeira ^ Bandeira - Encyclopedia Britannica ^ Bandeirantes ^ (Mike Davis, Late Victorian Holocausts, 88-90) ^ Hall, Kevin G., "Slavery exists out of sight in Brazil", Knight Ridder Newspapers, 5 September 2004. ^ "'Slave' laborers freed in Brazil", BBC News, 3 July 2007. ^ Michael Edward Stanfield , Red Rubber, Bleeding Trees: Violence, Slavery, and Empire in Northwest Amazonia, 1850-1933 ^ Mark Edelman, "A Central American Genocide: Rubber, Slavery, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Guatusos-Malekus," Comparative Studies in Society and History (1998), 40: 356-390. ^ Involuntary Immigrants ^ White Slavery, what the Scots already know ^ The Irish in the Caribbean 1641-1837: An Overview ^ Caribbean History ^ Slavery and the Haitian Revolution ^ Dryden, John. 1992 "Pas de Six Ans!" In: Seven Slaves & Slavery: Trinidad 1777 - 1838, by Anthony de Verteuil, Port of Spain, pp. 371-379. ^ Vaughn, Alden T. "Blacks in Virginia: A Note on the First Decade" in William and Mary Quarterly 29 (1972) no. 3, p. 474 ^ McElrath, Jessica, Timeline of Slavery in America-African American History, About.com, URL last accessed 6 December 2006. ^ (National Archives Link) ^ Foner, Eric. "Forgotten step towards freedom," New York Times. 30 December 2007. ^ Gary A. Warner, Journey to freedom, Daily Press, 24 June 2005 ^ Black Slaveowners ^ Southern History ^ James McPherson, Drawn with the Sword, page 15 ^ nytimes.com, Man in Slave Case Sentenced to 3 Years ^ ap.google.com, 2nd NY millionaire gets prison in slavery case ^ Mirza Kalichbeg Fredunbeg, tr., The Chachnamah, an Ancient History of Sind, 1900, reprint (Delhi, 1979), pp. 154, 163. 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China: A History of the Laws, Manners and Customs of the People, pp. 241-243. Reprint: Dover Publications, Mineola, New York. (2002). ^ William Mesny. (13 May 1905). Mesny's Miscellany, Vol IV, p. 399. ^ Commemoration of the Abolition of Slavery Project ^ "Chinese Police Find Child Slaves." ^ "Convictions in China slave trial" ^ Perdue, Peter (Pub. Date: April 2005). China Marches West. # Publisher: Triliteral. pp. 118. ISBN ISBN 9780674016842. http://books.google.com/books?id=Yd-2tiB6k-YC&pg=PA118&lpg=PA118&dq=bondservant+in+Manchu+time&source=web&ots=QhDVHFNvbL&sig=qjBUeygAIm_r1PtWlhChcBCFxVw&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=2&ct=result. ^ Korea through western cartographic eyes. ^ Hideyoshi and Korea ^ Leupp, Gary P. (2003). Interracial Intimacy in Japan: Western Men and Japanese Women, 1543-1900, p. 37. ^ Lewis, James Bryant. (2003). Frontier Contact Between Choson Korea and Tokugawa Japan, p. 31-32. ^ Zhifen Ju, "Japan's Atrocities of Conscripting and Abusing North China Draftees after the Outbreak of the Pacific War", Joint study of the Sino-Japanese war, 2002, http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~asiactr/sino-japanese/minutes_2002.htm ^ How Japanese companies built fortunes on American POWs ^ Japanese Atrocities in the Philippines ^ links for research, Allied POWs under the Japanese ^ Library of Congress, 1992, "Indonesia: World War II and the Struggle For Independence, 1942-50; The Japanese Occupation, 1942-45" Access date: 9 February 2007. ^ Christopher Reed: Japan's Dirty Secret, One Million Korean Slaves ^ Lankov, Andrei (5 January 2006). "Stateless in Sakhalin". The Korea Times. http://times.hankooki.com/lpage/opinion/200601/kt2006010516434554130.htm. Retrieved 26 November 2006. ^ Rummel, R. J. (1999). Statistics of Democide: Genocide and Mass Murder Since 1990. Lit Verlag. ISBN 3-8258-4010-7. Available online: "Statistics of Democide: Chapter 3 - Statistics Of Japanese Democide Estimates, Calculations, And Sources". Freedom, Democracy, Peace; Power, Democide, and War. http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/SOD.CHAP3.HTM. Retrieved 1 March 2006. ^ Congress backs off of wartime Japan rebuke ^ Comfort Women Were 'Raped': U.S. Ambassador to Japan ^ Abe ignores evidence, say Australia's 'comfort women' ^ Encyclopædia Britannica - Slavery ^ Edward Willett Wagner - The Harvard University Gazette ^ Korea, history pre-1945: slavery -- Encyclopaedia Britannica ^ The Choson Era: Late Traditional Korea ^ Korean Nobi ^ Nobi: Rescuing the Nation from Slavery ^ Cambodia Angkor Wat ^ Windows on Asia ^ Khmer Society - Angkor Wat ^ Slavery ^ Slavery in Nineteenth-Century Northern Thailand ^ The Kingdom of Ayutthaya ^ The Yi Nationality ^ General Profile of the Yi ^ The Yi ethnic minority ^ Tana Toraja Traditional Settlement ^ Toraja History and Cultural Relations ^ Sex-slave trade flourishes in Thailand ^ January 2006 "Woman's Dying Wish: to punish traffickers who ruined her life" The Nation, 23 January 2006 ^ A modern form of slavery: Trafficking of Burmese Women and Girls into Brothels in Thailand ^ ILO cracks the whip at Yangon ^ "ILO seeks to charge Myanmar junta with atrocities". Reuters. 16 November 2006. http://in.today.reuters.com/news/newsArticle.aspx?type=worldNews&storyID=2006-11-16T163442Z_01_NOOTR_RTRJONC_0_India-276537-1.xml&archived=False. Retrieved 17 November 2006. ^ "Horrible Traffic in Circassian Women—Infanticide in Turkey," New York Daily Times, 6 August 1856 ^ Georgia in the Beginning of Feudal Decomposition. (XVIII cen.) ^ Khiva, Bukhara, Khokand ^ Traditional Institutions in Modern Kazakhstan ^ Adventure in the East - TIME ^ Ichan-Kala, Encyclopedia Britannica ^ Fabled Cities of Central Asia: Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva: Robin Magowan, Vadim E. Gippenreiter ^ Report of Josef Wolff 1843-1845 ^ Slave of the Caucasus ^ Kapu System and Caste System of Ancient Hawai'i ^ Maori Prisoners and Slaves in the Nineteenth Century ^ Clark, Ross (1994). Moriori and Maori: The Linguistic Evidence. In Sutton, Douglas G. (Ed.) (1994), The Origins of the First New Zealanders. Auckland: Auckland University Press. pp. 123–135. ^ Solomon, Māui; Denise Davis (updated 9 June 2006). Moriori. Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/NewZealanders/MaoriNewZealanders/Moriori/en. ^ Howe, Kerry (updated 9-June-2006). "Ideas of Māori origins". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/NewZealanders/MaoriNewZealanders/IdeasOfMaoriOrigins/en. ^ King, Michael (2000 (Original edition 1989)). Moriori: A People Rediscovered. Viking. ISBN ISBN 0-14-010391-0. ^ Moriori - The impact of new arrivals - Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand ^ New Zealand A to Z |Chatham Islands ^ (1772) 20 State Tr 1; (1772) Lofft 1 ^ Paul E. Lovejoy: 'The Volume of the Atlantic Slave Trade: A Synthesis.' The Journal of African History, Vol. 23, No. 4 (1982). ^ This Day at Law: Slavery abolished in the British Empire ^ Indian Legislation ^ House of Commons - International Development - Memoranda ^ Response The 1833 Abolition of Slavery Act didn't end the vile trade ^ Bordeaux faces its slave history ^ The Parliamentary Debates from the Year 1803 to the Present Time, Published by s.n., 1816 Volume 32. p. 200 ^ UN Chronicle |Slavery in the Twenty-First Century ^ BBC Millions 'forced into slavery' ^ Slavery: Modern Slavery: Debt Bondage & Slave Exploitation ^ The Skin Trade - TIME [edit] External links Comité de Liaison et d'Application des Sources Historiques (archives & history of slavery, slave trade and their abolition in Saint-Barthélemy) UN.GIFT - Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking Slave Trade Archives Project, UNESCO Parliament & The British Slave Trade 1600 - 1807 Digital History - Slavery Facts & Myths Muslim Slave System in Medieval India Arab Slave Trade Scotland and the Abolition of the Slave Trade - schools resource African Holocaust Society - Anti-slavery and self-determination working to educate via media The Forgotten Holocaust: The Eastern Slave Trade Teaching resources about Slavery and Abolition on blackhistory4schools.com "What really ended slavery?" Robin Blackburn, author of a two-volume history of the slave trade, interviewed by International Socialism David Brion Davis, "American and British Slave Trade Abolition in Perspective", Southern Spaces, 4 February 2009. http://www.southernspaces.org/contents/2009/davis/1a.htm The Slave Next Door: Human Trafficking and Slavery in America Today - video report by Democracy Now! Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_slavery" Categories: History by topic | Social history | Slavery | Slave trade

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227's YouTube Chili' Earvin "Magic" Johnson! Greatest Point Guard of All-Times! Michigan State Spicy' Spartans & Los Angeles Spicy' Lakers!

227's Legends of Basketball, Spicy' NBA Combination: Earvin "Magic" Johnson #32
to Kareem Abdul-Jabbar #33 for the Chili' Skyhook!
 




227's Sponsors 2011: Pita Pit, Butt Furr, Dale's Auto Care! Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 Basketball! http://www.prlog.org/11379392.html        
 

227's "THE DR34M" Shake?!! Chillin' Jeans!!! THE DR34M Ventures, Initiatives, THE DR34M Collection - HAKEEM Chili' OLAJUWON Website Links! http://www.hoops227.tv/227s_youtube_jeans_dr34m_nba_chili_apple_t_pain_tv.html 

227's YouTube Chili'-SUPER BOWL XLV 2011

Owner of the Dallas Cowboys-Jerry Jones * Pro Football Hall of Fame & Former Dallas Cowboys Quarterback-Roger Staubach * NFL on Fox-Pro Football Hall of Fame & Former Dallas Cowboys Quarterback-Troy Aikman * Pro Football Hall of Fame & Former Dallas Cowboys Running Back-Emmitt SmithPro Football Hall of Fame & Former Dallas Cowboys Running Back-Tony Dorsett * NFL on Fox-Chris Myers  * NFL on Fox-Pam Oliver *   *                  NNNFL on Fox-Mike Pereira *   *       NFL on Fox-Joe Buck                   * NFL on Fox * Super Bowl XLV Going Green in Arlington, Texas * Arlington, Texas * Dallas-Fort Worth-North Texas

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227's ESPN BCS - ROSE BOWL Game Presented by VIZIO - 2011, 2012, 2013 & 2014 BCS National Championship

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227's YouTube "JORDAN"


 
227's YouTube Chili'-ESPN-BCS-Spicy' College Football!

Alabama Crimson Tide http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_alabama_crimson_tide_bcs_sec_football_espn.html * Boise State Broncos http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_boise_state_espn_bcs_college_football_227.html * Ohio State Buckeyes http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_ohio_state_buckeyes_espn_bcs_football_227.html * Oregon Ducks http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_oregon_ducks_espn_bcs_college_football_227.html * Texas Longhorns http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_texas_longhorns_espn_bcs_college_football.html * Florida Gators http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_florida_gators_espn_bcs_college_football.html * TCU Horned Frogs http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_tcu_horned_frogs_espn_bcs_football_chili.html * Iowa Hawkeyes http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_iowa_hawkeyes_espn_bcs_college_football_tv.html * Nebraska Corhuskers http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_nebraska_cornhuskers_espn_bcs_football_227.html * Wisconsin Badgers http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_wisconsin_badgers_espn_bcs_football_big_10.html * Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_georgia_tech_yellow_jackets_espn_bcs_chili.html * Michigan State Spartans  http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michigan_state_spartans_espn_bcs_football.html * USC Trojans http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_usc_trojans_espn_bcs_football_pac_10_227.html * Penn State Nittany Lions http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_penn_state_nittany_lions_espn_bcs_football.html * LSU Tigers  http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_lsu_tigers_espn_bcs_football_sec_chili_227.html * Virginia Tech Hokies  http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_virginia_tech_hokies_espn_bcs_football_227.html * Miami Hurricanes http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_miami_hurricanes_espn_bcs_football_chili.html * Michigan Wolverines  http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michigan_wolverines_espn_bcs_football_227.html * Oklahoma Sooners  http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_oklahoma_sooners_espn_bcs_football_big_12.html * UCLA Bruins  http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_ucla_bruins_espn_bcs_football_chili_pac_10.html * Oregon State Beavers  http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_oregon_state_beavers_espn_bcs_football_227.html * Cincinnati Bearcats  http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_cincinnati_bearcats_espn_bcs_football_227.html * Notre Dame Fighting Irish  http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_notre_dame_fighting_irish_football_chili.html * Utah Utes  http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_utah_utes_espn_bcs_college_football_pac_10.html * Florida State Seminoles  http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_florida_state_seminoles_espn_bcs_football.html *


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http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_americas_got_talent_future_funk_chili_nba.html *

227's YouTube "REFEREE Chili"-BUTLER HS Kickoff Return vs Pleasure Ridge Park "ESPN's Come On 'Chili'Ref' Man! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ki_twPnSv4k * http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_butler_kickoff_return_football_kentucky_hs.html  *** 



Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (Home Page)-the everything basketball & YouTube entertainment website!
  
 

New at 227:

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tv/227s_youtube_black_eyed_peas_rock_that_body_nba.html
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tv/227s_youtube_chris_brown_michael_jackson_bet_nba.html 
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227's YouTube Chili'-TIM Chili' TEBOW First Touchdown comes against New York "Ines Spicy' Sainz" Jets!
http://www.hoops227.tv/227s_tim_chili_tebow_nfl.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LJezhyGHsjM  


227's YouTube Taco Bell-NBA All-Star Weekend Skills (Cowboys Stadium-Dallas, TX)
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_taco_bell_nba_all_star_cowboys_stadium_227.html
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227's YouTube 'RAJON' Rondo #9-Boston Celtics-NBA
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227's YouTube "Chili"-WHITES ONLY Basketball League in Atlanta, GA?!! Racist?
227's YouTube "Chili"-WHITES ONLY Basketball League in Atlanta, GA?!! 'All-American Basketball Alliance!' Racist?
 

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_haiti_earthquake_wyclef_jean_yele_nba_227.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_wyclef_jean_haiti_rasta_sweetest_girl_r_b.html
 

Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227-Glen Rice-NBA & Michigan Wolverines & Glen Rice Jr. - Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets Basketball Mix ("Ice Cold' Chillin")-227's YouTube Chili'-NBA Mix

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227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake & Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Wyclef Jean Live on Anderson Cooper - Haiti Earthquake - CNN 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake & Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Hundreds of Thousands Feared Dead After Haiti Earthquake, Wyclef Jean Asks For Help 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake & Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Haiti YELE Earthquake Update: Wyclef Jean Interview After Return From Haiti 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake & Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Wyclef Weeps for Haitians, Calls for Exodus 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake & Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Haitian Earthquake Relief: Wyclef Jean, Brad & Angie, Clooney 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake & Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Wyclef Jean Haiti Earthquake Statement 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake & Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Wyclef Jean on Ground in Haiti - STATE OF EMERGENCY - HELP 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake - Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Haiti Earthquake Relief Dedication -Wyclef Jean featuring Movado - Hold On 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Haiti Earthquake - Wyclef Chili' Jean (NBA Mix) - Wyclef Jean-Thug Angel

227's YouTube Chili'-Cow Chili' Bell-Boise State * Fiesta Bowl Halftime Show! Taterville' USA-BOISE! Cowbell Girl' Video of Boise State Marching Band-Fiesta Bowl Halftime Goes Chili' Viral! BCS' 227!'
 * 227's YouTube Chili'-Cow Chili' Bell-Boise State * Fiesta Bowl Halftime Show! Taterville' USA-BOISE!

Press Release - 227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson Chili' Autopsy Photos Leaked! MJ Snap shot sold for $1 Million?

227's YouTube "Chili"-Black Fraternity (NBA Mix) Step Shows "Chili" Steppin' - Omega Psi Phi * Kappa Alpha Psi * Phi Beta Sigma * Iota Phi Theta * Alpha Phi Alpha
 

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_black_fraternity_step_show_stroll_nba_227.html 

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_black_fraternity_steppin_show_nba_chili_tv.html 

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_omega_psi_phi_step_show_steppin_nba_chili.html 

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_kappa_alpha_psi_fraternity_step_show_nba.html 

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_phi_beta_sigma_fraternity_step_show_nba.html

Chillify' Spicy' 227 Chili' Rap  (NBA Mix' 227')

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http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_drake_successful_new_verse_2010_chili_nba.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_blood_raw_aint_i_the_shit_bloodraw_nba_227.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_mistah_fab_who_shot_ya_oakland_chili_nba.html

Chillify' Spicy' 227 Chili' Rap  (NBA Mix' 227')

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_ryhmefest_talk_my_shit_chicago_chili_nba.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_boo_rossini_lil_wayne_whip_it_like_a_slave.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_young_chris_new_wu_young_gunz_philadelphia.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_ryhmefest_talk_my_shit_chicago_chili_nba.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_boo_rossini_lil_wayne_whip_it_like_a_slave.html

Chillify' Spicy' 227 Chili' Rap  (NBA Mix' 227')

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_wu_tang_raekwon_method_man_u_god_clap_227.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_jaye_gucci_mane_space_flight_2010_nba_227.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_bun_b_stupid_trill_chili_texas_nba_227_rap.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_usda_u_s_d_a_corporate_thuggin_chili_atl.html
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http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_usda_corporate_thuggin_atlanta_rap_nba_227.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_usda_aint_no_problem_chili_nba_227_atlanta.html


Press Release - 227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson Chili' Autopsy Photos Leaked! MJ Snap shot sold for $1 Million?

Press Release - 227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson Chili' Autopsy Photos Leaked! MJ Snap shot sold for $1 Million? 

Usain Bolt - http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_usain_bolt_cheetah_lightning_track_100_227.html 
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_usain_bolt_lightning_bolt_100_200_m_chili.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_m_magazine_teens_celebs_you_tube_chili_227.html


227's Meehive "Chili"
 * 227's Meehive "Chili" 

227's YouTube "Chili" - STOMP THE YARD (BLACK COLLEGE STEP SHOW MOVIE) Starring Columbus Short, Meagan Good, Ne-Yo, Darrin Henson, Chris Brown, Brian White, Las Alonso, Valerie Pettiford & Harry Lennix (NBA Mix)!


http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_stomp_the_yard_step_show_steppin_nba_chili.html
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_stomp_the_yard_ne_yo_chris_brown_nba_chili.html

Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!


Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Jamaal 'Chili' Al-Din! 227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 - Jamaal Al-Din * 227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Jamaal Al-Din

 

Michael Jackson Remembered at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube "Chili")!

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_magic_johnson_kobe_mj_memorial_staples.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/u_tube_michael_jackson_concert_death_annonoucement.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_martin_bashir_living_with_michael_jackson.html 

YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir! YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 2! YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 3! YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 4! YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 5! YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 6! * YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 7! YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 8! YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 9! 

 

227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Neverland Ranch  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Off the Wall (song)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Heal the World  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Remember the Time  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Dirty Diana  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Debbie Rowe  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-We Are the World  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Scream/Childhood  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-I Just Can't Stop Loving You  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-The Girl Is Mine  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Why (3T song) 

227's YouTube "Chili" Michael Jackson-NBA-Amazon.com Mix ("Spicy")!
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_jackson_black_or_white_nba_amazon.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_thriller_michael_jackson_zombie_buy_nba_tv.html

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http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_jackson_amazon_com_nba_dvd_doll.html


227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Smooth Criminal
  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-You Are Not Alone  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Man in the Mirror: The Michael Jackson Story-The Way You Make Me Feel  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Man in the Mirror: The Michael Jackson Story-Man in the Mirror: The Michael Jackson Story  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-The Collection (Michael Jackson album)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Music & Me  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-With a Child's Heart  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Off the Wall (album)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Forever, Michael  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-We're Almost There  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Say Say Say  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Number Ones (DVD)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Will You Be There  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Blood on the Dance Floor (song)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Blood on the Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Stranger in Moscow  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Thriller 25  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-In the Closet  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Bad World Tour  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Leave Me Alone  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-List of most expensive music videos  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Come Together  227's YouTube "Chili"-Magic Johnson & Kobe Bryant to Michael Jackson-Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-You Rock My World  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Man in the Mirror  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Ben (song)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Live in Bucharest: The Dangerous Tour  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-List of awards received by Michael Jackson  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Cry (Michael Jackson song)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Moonwalker  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Michael Jackson album discography  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Number Ones (Michael Jackson album)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Thriller (song)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Bad (album)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Black or White  227's YouTube "Chili" Michael Jackson-Dangerous (album)  227's YouTube "Chili" Michael Jackson-Butterflies (Michael Jackson song)  227's YouTube "Chili" Michael Jackson-The Essential Michael Jackson  227's YouTube "Chili" Michael Jackson-Human Nature (Michael Jackson song)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-This Is It (Michael Jackson concerts)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Michael Jackson-Michael Jackson: The Ultimate Collection

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_jackson_ghost_cnn_larry_king_video.html

http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_jackson_tribute_announcement_video.html

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http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_oprah_winfrey_interview_michael_jackson_tv.html
YouTube Living With Michael Jackson-Martin Bashir-Part 9! 
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227's YouTube "Chili"-2009 in Music





227's YouTube "Chili" Sports-NBA, NFL, MLB
227's YOUTUBE "Chili" Allen Iverson News!
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_allen_iverson_news_nba_players_topix_video.html

227's YOUTUBE "Chili" Alex Rodriguez-News!
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_alex_rodriguez_news_fwicki_et_online_mlb.html

Espn Radio Affiliates
  Fox Sports Net 

227's YouTube "Chili" - Google Chili' Sites! http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_los_angeles_lakers_nba_videos_links_tv_227.html * Los Angeles Lakers * http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_dallas_chili_mavericks_basketball_nba_mix.html * Dallas Mavericks * http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_boston_chili_celtics_nba_google_sites_227.html * Boston Celtics



NBA Basketball Links!

NBA Basketball News: Atlanta Hawks  Boston Celtics  Chicago Bulls  Cleveland Cavaliers  Denver Nuggets  Detroit Pistons  Dallas Mavericks   Houston Rockets  Golden State Warriors 227's YouTube-"JORDAN"   227's YouTube-"JORDAN"   227's YouTube-"JORDAN (23)"   227's YouTube-"JORDAN"   227's YouTube-"JORDAN"   227's YouTube-"JORDAN"   227's YouTube-"JORDAN"   227's YouTube-"JORDAN"  
227's Brand Jordan-"Air Melo!"
http://www.hoops227.tv/you_tube_air_melo_jordan_shoes_carmelo_anthony_nba.html

227's- #23 "Air" JORDAN
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_air_jordan_shoes_commercial_melo.html

227's-"JORDAN" Boxing Shoes 
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_jordan_boxing_shoes_commercials_highlights.html

227's-"The MJ #23 Story ("Chili")" on YouTube! 
http://www.hoops227.tv/you_tube_michael_jordan_story_documentary_sports.html

227's-"The MJ #23 Story ("Chili")" on YouTube!
http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_michael_jordan_23_story_227_film_intro_msn.html


New YouTube Chili-"Drake"-footage!...http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_drake_falls_stage_live_concert_lil_wayne.html  *  http://www.hoops227.tv/youtube_drake_collapse_breaks_knee_concert_tour_nj.html

227's YouTube "Chili" "Drake"-Drake Collapses, Falls on stage, Injures Knee!  *  227's YouTube "Chili" "Drake" NBA Mix-DRAKE FALLS ON STAGE PLUS LIL WAYNE'S REACTION !!!  *  227's YouTube "Chili" "Drake" NBA Mix-Drake Falls On Stage (Spoof Preview)  *  227's YouTube "Chili"-Drake-NBA Mix-DRAKE COLLAPSES/FALLS on STAGE!!!DEGRASSI ALL OVER AGAIN?! WTF HAPPENED?!  *  227's YouTube "Chili"-Drake-NBA Mix-Drake Collapses On Stage During AMWs Tour  *  227's YouTube "Chili"-Drake-NBA Mix-Drake collapsing comments [link in sidebar]  *  227's YouTube "Chili"-Drake-NBA Mix-Drake falls on Stage - Twan Talks Brunch ep1/09

227's YouTube "Chili" - Billboard 100 - Top Hip-Hop & R & B:


Beyonce * Maxwell * Mario ft. Gucci Mane & sean Garrett * Drake ft. Lil Wayne * Ginuwine * Fabolous Featuring The-Dream * Keyshia Cole Duet With Monica * Jay-Z, Rihanna & Kanye West * Gucci Mane Featuring Plies * Mary Mary Featuring Kierra "KiKi" Sheard * Ice Cream Paint Job * Pleasure P * Mariah Carey * Trey Songz * Trey Songz Featuring Gucci Mane & Soulja Boy Tell'em * R. Kelly Featuring Keri Hilson * K'Jon * Young Money * Twista Featuring Erika Shevon * Yo Gotti * New Boyz * Jeremih * Keri Hilson Featuring Kanye West & Ne-Yo * Musiq Soulchild * Whitney Houston * Anthony Hamilton * Charlie Wilson * Chrisette Michele * Jamie Foxx Featuring T-Pain * Plies * LeToya Featuring Ludacris * Mary J. Blige Featuring Drake * Mullage * Charlie Wilson * Jamie Foxx Featuring Drake, Kanye West + The-Dream * Jamie Foxx Featuring Drake, Kanye West + The-Dream * Jeremih * Mishon * Jennifer Hudson * Clipse Featuring Pharrell Williams * Kid Cudi Featuring Kanye West & Common * Raphael Saadiq Featuring Stevie Wonder & CJ * Anthony Hamilton Featuring David Banner * Jazmine Sullivan * Trey Songz Featuring Drake * F.L.Y. (Fast Life Yungstaz) * Laura Izibor
Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Chili")!
Beyonce * Shakira * Jordin Sparks * Mariah Carey * New Boyz * Jason DeRulo * Mario ft. Gucci Mane & Sean Garrett * Katy Perry * The Black Eyed Peas * Colby Caillat * Fabolous ft. The Dream * Jason Aldean * Daughtry * Lady Gaga * Michael Franti & Spearhead Featuring Cherine Anderson * Boys Like Girls * Flo Rida Featuring Ne-Yo * Dorrough * Green Day * Linkin Park * Pink * Justin Bieber * Rob Thomas * Maxwell * Jason Mraz * Young Money * The Fray * Rascal Flatts * Zac Brown Band * Shinedown * Disney's Friends For Change * Toby Keith * Darius Rucker * Cascada * Billy Currington * Justin Moore * Kid Cudi Featuring Kanye West & Common * Keith Urban * Randy Houser * Drake Featuring Lil Wayne * Jeremih * Pearl Jam * Kelly Clarkson * George Strait * LMFAO * Twista Featuring Erika Shevon * Uncle Kracker * Eric Church * Jack Ingram * Love And Theft * Parachute * Chris Young * Theory Of A Deadman * Tim McGraw * Sean Paul * Gloriana * Creed * Ginuwine * Keyshia Cole Duet With Monica * Blake Shelton * Iyaz

2009 NCAA Basketball Tournament! List of NCAA Division 1 Teams & Coaches at 227!


America East Conference Albany - Will Brown Binghamton - Kevin Broadus Boston University - Dennis Wolff Hartford - Dan Leibovitz Maine - Ted Woodward New Hampshire - Bill Herrion Stony Brook - Steve Pikiell UMBC - Randy Monroe Vermont - Mike Lonergan 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! America East Conference

Atlantic 10 Conference Charlotte - Bobby Lutz Dayton - Brian Gregory Duquesne - Ron Everhart Fordham - Dereck Whittenburg George Washington - Karl Hobbs La Salle - John Giannini Rhode Island - Jim Baron Richmond - Chris Mooney St. Bonaventure - Mark Schmidt Saint Joseph's - Phil Martelli Saint Louis - Rick Majerus Temple - Fran Dunphy UMass - Derek Kellogg Xavier - Sean Miller 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic 10 Conference

Atlantic Coast Conference Boston College - Al Skinner Clemson - Oliver Purnell Duke - Mike Krzyzewski Florida State - Leonard Hamilton Georgia Tech - Paul Hewitt Maryland - Gary Williams Miami (Florida) - Frank Haith North Carolina - Roy Williams North Carolina State - Sidney Lowe Virginia - Dave Leitao Virginia Tech - Seth Greenberg Wake Forest - Dino Gaudio 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic Coast Conference

Atlantic Sun Conference Belmont - Rick Byrd Campbell - Robbie Laing East Tennessee State - Murry Bartow Florida Gulf Coast - Dave Balza Jacksonville - Cliff Warren Kennesaw State - Tony Ingle Lipscomb - Scott Sanderson Mercer - Bob Hoffman North Florida - Matt Kilcullen Stetson - Derek Waugh USC Upstate - Eddie Payne 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic Sun Conference

Big 12 Conference Baylor - Scott Drew Colorado - Jeff Bzdelik Iowa State - Greg McDermott Kansas - Bill Self Kansas State - Frank Martin Missouri - Mike Anderson Nebraska - Doc Sadler Oklahoma - Jeff Capel III Oklahoma State - Travis Ford Texas - Rick Barnes Texas A&M - Mark Turgeon Texas Tech - Pat Knight 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big 12 Conference

Big East Conference Cincinnati - Mick Cronin Connecticut - Jim Calhoun DePaul - Jerry Wainwright Georgetown - John Thompson III Louisville - Rick Pitino Marquette - Buzz Williams Notre Dame - Mike Brey Pittsburgh - Jamie Dixon Providence - Keno Davis Rutgers - Fred Hill St. John's - Norm Roberts Seton Hall - Bobby Gonzalez South Florida - Stan Heath Syracuse - Jim Boeheim Villanova - Jay Wright West Virginia - Bobby Huggins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big East ConferenceJamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

Big Sky Conference Eastern Washington - Kirk Earlywine Idaho State - Joe O'Brien Montana - Wayne Tinkle Montana State - Brad Huse Northern Arizona - Mike Adras Northern Colorado - Tad Boyle Portland State - Ken Bone Sacramento State - Brian Katz Weber State - Randy Rahe 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big Sky Conference

Big South Conference Charleston Southern - Barclay Radebaugh Coastal Carolina - Cliff Ellis Gardner-Webb - Rick Scruggs High Point - Bart Lundy Liberty - Ritchie McKay Presbyterian - Gregg Nibert Radford - Brad Greenberg UNC-Asheville - Eddie Biedenbach VMI - Duggar Baucom Winthrop - Randy Peele 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big South Conference

Big Ten Conference Illinois - Bruce Weber Indiana - Tom Crean Iowa - Todd Lickliter Michigan - John Beilein Michigan State - Tom Izzo Minnesota - Tubby Smith Northwestern - Bill Carmody Ohio State - Thad Matta Penn State - Ed DeChellis Purdue - Matt Painter Wisconsin - Bo Ryan 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big Ten Conference

Big West Conference Cal Poly - Kevin Bromley Cal State Fullerton - Bob Burton Cal State Northridge - Bobby Braswell Long Beach State - Dan Monson Pacific - Bob Thomason UC Davis - Gary Stewart UC Irvine - Pat Douglass UC Riverside - Jim Wooldridge UC Santa Barbara - Bob Williams 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big West Conference

Colonial Athletic Association Delaware - Monte Ross Drexel - Bruiser Flint George Mason - Jim Larranaga Georgia State - Rod Barnes Hofstra - Tom Pecora James Madison - Matt Brady Northeastern - Bill Coen Old Dominion - Blaine Taylor Towson - Pat Kennedy UNC-Wilmington - Benny Moss Virginia Commonwealth - Anthony Grant William & Mary - Tony Shaver 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Colonial Athletic Association

Conference USA East Carolina - Mack McCarthy Houston - Tom Penders Marshall - Donnie Jones Memphis - John Calipari Rice - Ben Braun Southern Methodist - Matt Doherty Southern Mississippi - Larry Eustachy Tulane - Dave Dickerson Tulsa - Doug Wojcik UAB - Mike Davis UCF - Kirk Speraw UTEP - Tony Barbee 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Conference USAJamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

Horizon League  - Butler - Brad Stevens Cleveland State - Gary Waters Detroit - Ray McCallum Loyola (Chicago) - Jim Whitesell UIC - Jimmy Collins UW-Green Bay - Tod Kowalczyk UW-Milwaukee - Rob Jeter Valparaiso - Homer Drew Wright State - Brad Brownell Youngstown State - Jerry Slocum 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Horizon League

Independents Bryant - Tim O'Shea Cal State Bakersfield - Keith Brown Chicago State - Benjy Taylor Houston Baptist - Ron Cottrell Longwood - Mike Gillian New Jersey Institute of Technology - Jim Engles North Carolina Central - Henry Dickerson Savannah State - Horace Broadnax SIU-Edwardsville - Lennox Forrester Texas-Pan American - Tom Schuberth Utah Valley - Dick Hunsaker 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! NCAA Division I independent schools (basketball)

Ivy League Brown - Jesse Agel Columbia - Joe Jones Cornell - Steve Donahue Dartmouth - Terry Dunn Harvard - Tommy Amaker Penn - Glen Miller Princeton - Sydney Johnson Yale - James Jones 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Ivy League

Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference Canisius - Tom Parrotta Fairfield - Ed Cooley Iona - Kevin Willard Loyola (Maryland) - Jimmy Patsos Manhattan - Barry Rohrssen Marist - Chuck Martin Niagara - Joe Mihalich Rider - Tommy Dempsey St. Peter's - John Dunne Siena - Fran McCaffery 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-American Conference

Mid-American Conference Akron – Keith Dambrot Ball State – Billy Taylor Bowling Green – Louis Orr Buffalo – Reggie Witherspoon Central Michigan – Ernie Ziegler Eastern Michigan – Charles Ramsey Kent State – Geno Ford Miami – Charlie Coles Northern Illinois – Ricardo Patton Ohio – John Groce Toledo – Gene Cross Western Michigan – Steve Hawkins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-American Conference

Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference Bethune-Cookman - Clifford Reed Coppin State - Ron Mitchell Delaware State - Greg Jackson Florida A&M - Mike Gillespie Hampton - Kevin Nickelberry Howard - Gil Jackson Maryland-Eastern Shore - Meredith Smith Morgan State - Todd Bozeman Norfolk State - Anthony Evans North Carolina A&T - Jerry Eaves South Carolina State - Tim Carter Winston-Salem State - Bobby Collins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-Eastern Athletic ConferenceJamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

Missouri Valley Conference Bradley - Jim Les Creighton - Dana Altman Drake - Mark Phelps Evansville - Marty Simmons Illinois State - Tim Jankovich Indiana State - Kevin McKenna Missouri State - Cuonzo Martin Northern Iowa - Ben Jacobson Southern Illinois - Chris Lowery Wichita State - Gregg Marshall 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Missouri Valley Conference

Mountain West Conference Air Force - Jeff Reynolds Brigham Young - Dave Rose Colorado State - Tim Miles New Mexico - Steve Alford San Diego State - Steve Fisher Texas Christian - Neil Dougherty UNLV - Lon Kruger Utah - Jim Boylen Wyoming - Heath Schroyer 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mountain West Conference

Northeast Conference Central Connecticut State - Howie Dickenman Fairleigh Dickinson - Tom Green LIU-Brooklyn - Jim Ferry Monmouth - Dave Calloway Mount St. Mary's - Milan Brown Quinnipiac - Tom Moore Robert Morris - Mike Rice Jr. Sacred Heart - Dave Bike St. Francis (PA) - Don Friday St. Francis (NY) - Brian Nash Wagner - Mike Deane 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Northeast Conference

Ohio Valley Conference Austin Peay - Dave Loos Eastern Illinois - Mike Miller Eastern Kentucky - Jeff Neubauer Jacksonville State - James Green Morehead State - Donnie Tyndall Murray State - Billy Kennedy Southeast Missouri - Zac Roman Tennessee-Martin - Bret Campbell Tennessee State - Cy Alexander Tennessee Tech - Mike Sutton 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Ohio Valley Conference

Pacific-10 Conference Arizona - Russ Pennell Arizona State - Herb Sendek California - Mike Montgomery Oregon - Ernie Kent Oregon State - Craig Robinson Stanford - Johnny Dawkins UCLA - Ben Howland USC - Tim Floyd Washington - Lorenzo Romar Washington State - Tony Bennett 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Pacific-10 Conference

Patriot League American - Jeff Jones Army - Jim Crews Bucknell - Dave Paulsen Colgate - Emmett Davis Holy Cross - Ralph Willard Lafayette - Fran O'Hanlon Lehigh - Brett Reed Navy - Billy Lange 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Patriot League

Southeastern Conference Alabama - Philip Pearson Arkansas - John Pelphrey Auburn - Jeff Lebo Florida - Billy Donovan Georgia - Pete Herrmann Kentucky - Billy Gillispie LSU - Trent Johnson Mississippi - Andy Kennedy Mississippi State - Rick Stansbury South Carolina - Darrin Horn Tennessee - Bruce Pearl Vanderbilt - Kevin Stallings 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southeastern Conference

Southern Conference Appalachian State - Houston Fancher Chattanooga - John Shulman The Citadel - Ed Conroy College of Charleston - Bobby Cremins Davidson - Bob McKillop Elon - Ernie Nestor Furman - Jeff Jackson Georgia Southern - Jeff Price Samford - Jimmy Tillette UNC-Greensboro - Mike Dement Western Carolina - Larry Hunter Wofford - Mike Young 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southern ConferenceJamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

Southland Conference Central Arkansas - Rand Chappell Lamar - Steve Roccaforte McNeese State - Dave Simmons Nicholls State - J. P. Piper Northwestern State - Mike McConathy Sam Houston State - Bob Marlin Southeastern Louisiana - Jim Yarbrough Stephen F. Austin - Danny Kaspar Texas A&M-Corpus Christi - Perry Clark Texas-Arlington - Scott Cross Texas-San Antonio - Brooks Thompson Texas State - Doug Davalos 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southland Conference

Southwestern Athletic Conference Alabama A&M - L. Vann Pettaway Alabama State - Lewis Jackson Alcorn State - Samuel West Arkansas-Pine Bluff - George Ivory Grambling State - Larry Wright Jackson State - Tevester Anderson Mississippi Valley State - Sean Woods Prairie View A&M - Byron Rimm II Southern - Rob Spivery Texas Southern - Tony Harvey 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southwestern Athletic Conference

The Summit League Centenary - Greg Gary IPFW - Dane Fife IUPUI - Ron Hunter North Dakota State - Saul Phillips Oakland - Greg Kampe Oral Roberts - Scott Sutton South Dakota State - Scott Nagy Southern Utah - Roger Reid UMKC - Matt Brown Western Illinois - Derek Thomas 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! The Summit League

Sun Belt Conference Arkansas-Little Rock - Steve Shields Arkansas State - Dickey Nutt Denver - Joe Scott Florida Atlantic - Mike Jarvis Florida International - Sergio Rouco Louisiana-Lafayette - Robert Lee Louisiana-Monroe - Orlando Early Middle Tennessee - Kermit Davis New Orleans - Joe Pasternack North Texas - Johnny Jones South Alabama - Ronnie Arrow Troy - Don Maestri Western Kentucky - Ken McDonald 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Sun Belt Conference

West Coast Conference Gonzaga - Mark Few Loyola Marymount - Rodney Tention Pepperdine - Vance Walberg Portland - Eric Reveno Saint Mary's - Randy Bennett San Diego - Bill Grier San Francisco - Rex Walters Santa Clara - Kerry Keating 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! West Coast Conference

Western Athletic Conference Boise State - Greg Graham Fresno State - Steve Cleveland Hawai?i - Bob Nash Idaho - Don Verlin Louisiana Tech - Kerry Rupp Nevada - Mark Fox New Mexico State - Marvin Menzies San Jose State - George Nessman Utah State - Stew Morrill 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Western Athletic ConferenceJamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

227's YouTuBe-NFL!
  NFL on Television  1981 NFL Draft  1950 NFL Draft  2000 NFL Draft  2002 NFL Draft  1970 NFL Draft  2003 NFL Draft  2004 NFL Draft  1969 National Football League Draft  Super Bowl I  National Football League Playoffs  2005 NFL Draft  2008 NFL season  2006 NFL Draft  2007 National Football League Draft  Madden NFL  The NFL on Westwood One  227's YouTuBe-NFL!  NFL playoffs, 2004–05  NFL playoffs, 2003–04 227's YouTube-NFL "Super Bowl!"   227's YouTube-NFL "Super Bowl!"   227's YouTube NFL "Super Bowl!"   227's YouTuBe O.J. Simpson (Da Juice!)!   227's YouTube-NFL "Super Bowl!"   227's YouTube-NFL "Super Bowl!"  Super Bowl XXXIX  Super Bowl XL  Super Bowl I  Super Bowl XLI  Super Bowl XLII Super Bowl XXXVIII  Super Bowl XXXVI  Super Bowl XXXVII  Super Bowl XXXV  Super Bowl XXXI  Super Bowl XX  Super Bowl XXV  227's Sunday Night Football Extra!

New York Giants
  2006 New York Giants season  1986 New York Giants season  2007 New York Giants season  Miami Dolphins  2007 Miami Dolphins season  2006 Miami Dolphins season  History of the Miami Dolphins  2008 Miami Dolphins season  Dolphins–Jets rivalry  Dallas Cowboys  2005 Dallas Cowboys season  2007 Dallas Cowboys season  2008 Dallas Cowboys season  2006 Dallas Cowboys season  Dallas Cowboys New Stadium  Oakland Raiders  2008 Oakland Raiders season  2006 Oakland Raiders season  Chiefs–Raiders rivalry  Denver Broncos  2008 Denver Broncos season  2007 Denver Broncos season  2006 Denver Broncos season

227's YouTube Most Popular Videos!  Featuring: A Merry Gangsta Christmas!  Kenneth Darby Gets JACKED UP!!! by NFL Umpire Garth DeFelice Thundercats Movie trailer (fanmade)  Blow your nose! All Hot Girls Love James Bond... Demi Lovato Cuts La La Land! - Jen Aniston Gets Naked! - Mamma's Boys! Momento Amy Winehouse a volta de Rodrigo (21/12/2008) 227's YouTube Most Popular Videos!    227's YouTube Most Popular Videos!   227's YouTube Most Popular Videos!    227's YouTube Most Popular Videos!

227's "Dancing with the Stars" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")!
http://www.hoops227.com/youtube_dancing_with_the_stars_videos_show_series.html
http://www.hoops227.com/youtube_dancing_with_the_stars_videos_shows_series.html

227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (U.S. season 5)
  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (U.S. season 4)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (video game)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (card game)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (Australian TV series)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (New Zealand TV series)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (U.S. season 7)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (U.S. season 6)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Emmitt Smith  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Warren Sapp  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Stacy Keibler  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Lisa Rinna  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Kenny Mayne (ESPN)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Mark Ballas  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Jason Taylor (American football)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Kristi Yamaguchi  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Drew Lachey  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Tom Bergeron  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Hélio Castroneves  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Kym Johnson  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Karina Smirnoff  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Ashly DelGrosso  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Julianne Hough  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Tony Dovolani  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Edyta Sliwinska  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-List of Julianne Hough performances on Dancing with the Stars  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Maksim Chmerkovskiy  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars: We Dance!  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (U.S. season 1)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dança dos Famosos  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Bailando por un sueño (Argentina)  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Taniec z Gwiazdami  227's "Dancing with the Stars!" (YOUTUBE "Chili!")-Dancing with the Stars (U.S. season 8)Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

227's Coors Light Happy Hour-Locator (YouTube "Chili")!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_coors_happy_hour_locator_bar_club_dance.html
227's YouTube "Chili"-MTV-America's Best Dance Crew! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/mtv_americas_best_dance_crew_episode_highlights.html
227's-"Love Tester Widget" (NBA)! Cassanova, Hot Stuff, Clammy, Passionate, Wild, Mild, Cold Fish!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/love_tester_widget_u_tube_cassanova_wild_hot_cold.html
227's DC Universe Bobbleheads-"Superman" (YouTube "Chili"-NBA)! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/dc_universe_bobblehead_superman_youtube_showdown.html
227's DC Universe Bobbleheads-"The Joker (NBA)!" (YouTube "Chili")! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/dc_universe_bobblehead_joker_u_tube_super_villain.html
227's DC Universe Bobbleheads-"Harley Quinn (NBA) "Villains In The Batman)!" YouTube "Chili")! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/dc_universe_bobblehead_harley_quinn_youtube_gotham.html
227's DC Universe Bobbleheads-"wONDER wOMAN (NBA)" (YouTube "Chili")! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/dc_bobblehead_wonder_woman_utube_hero_comic_book.html
227's DC Universe Bobbleheads-"Green Lantern (NBA)!" (YouTube "Chili")! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/dc_bobblehead_green_lantern_u_tube_trailer_version.html
227's Mortal Kombat (NBA)-"Chilly Villains"-Mortal Kombat Fatalities/Mortal Kombat Armageddon (Wii)/Mortal Kombat Fatalities/Mortal Kombat Theme at 227! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_mortal_kombat_fatality_theme_video_game.html  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_mortal_kombat_armageddon_annihilation_nba.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_mortal_combat_characters_sub_zero_trilogy.html

227's-YouTube "Chili"-Miley Cyrus (Hannah Montana-NBA)-"The Climb!"
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_miley_cyrus_the_climb_hannah_montana_nba.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-Eminem! Sasha Baron Cohen's 'Bruno' makes Eminem blush/3 a.m.!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_chili_nba_eminem_videos_3_am_sasha_bruno.html


New at 227:

227's "Chili" Blog Logs!

227's "CHILI"-Blog Logs-Celebz! YOUTUBE!!! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_celebrity_blog_celebuzz_posts_links_social.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/utube_blog_post_reponse_nba_movie_music_fashion_tv.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_beyonce_blog_comments_message_board_social.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_britney_spears_blog_message_board_social.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_jonas_brothers_blog_comment_video_media.html

"Chili (227)" Obama Girl Blog (NBA Mix)! YOUTUBE "Chili"-Obama Girl! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_obama_girl_blog_video_comment_parody_talk.html
"Chili (227)" American Idol Blog (NBA Mix)! YOUTUBE "Chili"-American Idol! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_american_idol_vidoe_blog_comments_post_tv.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_kris_allen_american_idol_2009_blog_comment.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_danny_gokey_american_idol_blog_comment_tv.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_american_idol_blog_message_be_without_you.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-Jack Nicholson-LA Lakers Fan! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_jack_nicholson_joker_prank_call_nba_lakers.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_jack_nicholson_movie_impersonation_lakers.html

227's YOUTUBE "Kardashian"-"Chili (NBA)"-Kim, Kourtney, Khloe, Robert Jr., & Keeping Up w/The Kardashians "Reality TV!" http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_kim_kourtney_keeping_up_with_kardashians.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_kim_kardashian_nba_dance_makeup_tutorial.html
Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

New at 227:
227's Tyra Banks - America's Next Top Model - YouTube "Chili!"
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_international_tyra_banks_antm_top_model.html

227's Tyra Banks - Britain's Next Top Model - YouTube "Chili!" http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/u_tube_britains_next_top_model_tyra_banks_uk_sdtv.html
 227's America's Next Top Model-Tyra Banks-YouTube "Chili"-America's Next Top Model, Cycle 12  227's America's Next Top Model-Tyra Banks-YouTube "Chili"-America's Next Top Model, Cycle 6  227's America's Next Top Model-Tyra Banks-YouTube "Chili"-America's Next Top Model, Cycle 7  227's America's Next Top Model-Tyra Banks-YouTube "Chili"-America's Next Top Model, Cycle 8  227's America's Next Top Model-Tyra Banks-YouTube "Chili"-America's Next Top Model, Cycle 1
YouTube "Chili"-"Sugar" Rashad Evans UFC Fights/"Sugar" Rashad Evans Knockouts/ "Sugar" Rashad Evans Sugar" Rashad Evans Sugar" Rashad Evans vs. Rampage Jackson at 227- http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_sugar_rashad_evans_ufc_98_ultimate_fights.html
"Ultimate Fighting Championship!"
  227's UFC-Pay-Per-View (YouTube "Chili!")! Pay-Per-View UFC/Pay-Per-View UFC Fights/Pay-Per-View UFC KnockOuts/Pay-Per-View HD/Pay-Per-View at 227! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/utube_ufc_pay_per_view_fights_hd_exclusive_feature.html UFC-57 (Ultimate Fighting Championship)!  UFC 61-"Ultimate Fighting Championship!"  UFC 73!  UFC-66  UFC-74 (Ultimate Fighting Championship)!  UFC-1 (Ultimate Fighting Championship)!
227's YouTube-Jim Rome-"Smack-Off" ESPN Radio listeners & "Smack-Talk" at 227!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_jim_rome_smack_off_competition_radio_talk.html
227's You Tube "Chili"-Shania Twain http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_shania_twain_from_this_moment_on_forever.html
227's You Tube "Chili"-Alison Krauss http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_alison_krauss_when_u_say_nothing_at_all.html
227's You Tube "Chili"-Ronan Keating http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ronan_keating_baby_can_i_hold_lulu_boyzone.html
227's You Tube "Chili"-Cat Stevens http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_cat_stevens_yusuf_islam_allah_father_tour.html
Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

227's YouTube "Chili"-Jessica Alba (NBA)! Jessica Alba (Sin City) & Hayden Christiansen Use The Force/Jessica Alba (Playboy Cover)/Jessica Alba in "Awake" w/Hayden Christiansen! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_jessica_alba_hayden_christiansen_force.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.tv/youtube_jessica_alba_sin_city_hayden_christiansen.html
 
227's YouTube "Chili"-Hayden Christiansen (NBA)! Hayden Christiansen (Anakin Skywalker-Star Wars), "Awake" & more at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_hayden_christiansen_star_wars_awake_alba.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-Sin City! Sin City Trailer/Sin City Soundtrack/Sin City Movie/Sin City at 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_sin_city_trailer_soundtrack_theme_movie_tv.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-Bruce Willis! Bruce Willis in "Sin City"/Bruce Willis Movies/Bruce Willis Singing/Bruce Willis "Blues Band"/Bruce Willis "Die Hard" & more at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_bruce_willis_sin_city_movie_singing_blues.html

227's "Hooters" Girls (YouTube "Chili"-NBA)! "Hooters" International Bikini Pageant/"Hooters" Chanel Models/"Hooters" Shows/"Hooters" Bikinis/"Hooters" Contest/Hooters Girls at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_hooters_girls_international_bikini_pageant.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_hooters_girls_tour_hotel_racing_pro_cup.html

227's "Hooters"/NBA (YouTube "Chili" COMBO)! Hooters & NBA Videos/Hooters & NBA Highlights/Hooters & NBA Action at 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_hooters_chili_nba_highlight_video_combo.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_hooters_chili_nba_highlight_video_combo_1.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_hooters_chili_nba_highlight_video_combo_2.html

227's-Indianapolis Motor Speedway! Indianapolis Motor Speedway Race Results, Indianapolis Motor Speedway Radio Network, Indianapolis Motor Speedway Drivers, Indy 500 at 227! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/utube_indianapolis_motor_speedway_race_car_results.html 
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_indy_motor_speedway_race_car_drivers_500.html
 
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_indianapolis_motor_speedway_radio_network.html
 
227's YouTube "Chili"-Indy 500-2008 Indianapolis 500
  227's YouTube "Chili"-Indy 500-2007 Indianapolis 500  227's YouTube "Chili"-Indy 500-1992 Indianapolis 500  227's YouTube "Chili"-Indy 500-2002 Indianapolis 500  227's YouTube "Chili"-Indy 500-IndyCar Series  227's YouTube "Chili"-Indy 500-1987 Indianapolis 500  227's YouTube "Chili"-Indy 500-2005 Indianapolis 500Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

227's YouTube "Chili"-Funniest Home Videos

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_funny_home_video_funniest_stupid_things.html

227's YouTube-"Teens"
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_teens_pop_film_drama_culture_magazine.html

227's YouTube-"Jail"
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_jail_paris_in_jail_behind_bars_jailhouse.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-"Showers"
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_shower_hidden_camera_prank_party_scene_tv.html

227's YouTube-"Obama Girl"
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_obama_girl_i_got_a_crush_on_obama_stimulus.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-Barack Obama
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_barack_obama_speech_dancing_spoof_ti_remix.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-iTunes!http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/u_tube_itunes_play_music_purchased_music_review_tv.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/utube_itunes_lyrics_weekly_free_itunes_downloads.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_itune_nba_store_player_music_store_iphone.html

227's YouTube BGT-"Natalie Okri" 10 Year Old Singer - Britains Got Talent 2009 Ep 6-  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_natalie_okri_britains_got_talent_2009_Ep_6.html

New at 227:
227's Facebook/NBA "Chili!"
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_facebook_website_links_feature_era_beacon.html
227's FaceBook "Chili! (YOUTUBE)" Facebook Links/FACEBOOK Network/FACEBOOK Music/FACEBOOK Entertainment/227 FACEBOOK!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_facebook_website_rss_feed_social_network.html

227's Jim Rome Show (Radio Talk & YOUTUBE)
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_jim_rome_sports_radio_talk_show_guest_live.html

227's-Jim Rome Show (ESPN Radio Talk & Soundbites)!http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_jim_rome_sports_radio_talk_show_guest_espn.html

227's YouTube-Patrick Ewing #33 (NBA's New York Knicks & Georgetown Hoyas)! Assistant Basketball Coach-Orlando Magic (NBA)!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_patrick_ewing_new_york_knicks_georgetown.html
227's-Kenny "The Jet" Smith-Carolina Basketball Camp (YouTube UNC Tar Heels-TNT/NBA)!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/kenny_smith_carolina_basketball_camp_unc_tarheels.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-Pussycat Dolls (Jai Ho-NBA Mix)!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_pussycat_dolls_jai_ho_links_when_i_grow_up.html


227's YouTube "Chili" Latina-Andressa Soares!

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_andressa_soares_brazilian_workout_gym_tv.html

227's YouTube "Chili" Latina-Andressa Soares-Hispanic  227's YouTube "Chili" Latina-Andressa Soares-Hispanic and Latino Americans  227's YouTube "Chili" Latina-Andressa Soares-Latina (magazine)  227's YouTube "Chili" Latina-Andressa Soares-Latina, Italy  227's YouTube "Chili" Latina-Andressa Soares-Province of Latina
227's YouTube "Chili"-Latina!

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_latina_cuban_mexican_puerto_rican_dancer.html
227's YouTube "Chili" Latina (NBA)-Andressa Soares-17/05/2009 MULHER MELANCIA-Set 1
227's YouTube "Chili"-Latina!

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_chili_latina_hispanic_soares_dance_videos.html
227's YouTube "Chili" Latino-Don Omar! "Ella Y Yo," "Dile," Don Omar Latino Hits & more at 227!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_don_omar_chili_dile_puerto_rico_ella_y_yo.html
227's YouTube "Chili" LATINO-TITO "El Bambino"-"sOUL pLAYA Y aRENA (FT. jADIEL)," "De La Ghetto" ft. Randy, "El Tra," & more at 227 (Chilli)! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_tito_el_bambino_jadiel_sol_playa_y_arena.html
227's YouTube "Chili" Latino-Victor Manuelle "Si La Ves," Don Omar, "El Father," "Tango Ganas," & more at 227 (Chilli)! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_victor_manuelle_si_la_ves_omar_tango_ganas.html
227's YouTube-"Twitter!" Twitter NBA/Twitter NFL/Twitter Music/Twitter Tweets/Twitter TV/Twitter Movies at 227!

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_twitter_227_social_network_blog_video_chat.html
Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

227's YouTube "Chuck" Charles Barkley (TNT-NBA Playoffs)-Charles Barkley's Golf Swing Interpreted by Tiger Woods! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_charles_barkley_golfswing_nba_tnt_playoffs.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_charles_barkley_chuck_tnt_nba_webber_smith.html

227's YouTube "Fab 5" Michigan Wolverines Basketball!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_fab_5_basketball_michigan_webber_rose_king.html

227's YouTube "C-Webb" Chris Webber (TNT-NBA Playoffs)! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_chris_webber_tnt_nba_playoff_shoes_barkley.html
227's JalenTV on YouTube- YouTube videos & NBA commentary on ESPN's Mike & Mike! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_jalen_rose_espn_nba_basketball_jalentv.html
227's YouTube "Chili"-Reggie Miller #31 (NBA) "For Three"-Reggie Miller's historic "Three Point Shots" at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_reggie_miller_nba_pacers_winning_3_pointer.html
227's Bill Russell-"Captain of the Boston Celtics" 11-Time NBA World Champion!
 http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_bill_russell_boston_celtics_nba_auerbach.html 
227's Larry Bird (#33) Boston Celtics http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_larry_bird_boston_celtics_mvp_nba_tv.html
227's Tim Duncan (San Antonio Spurs) on YouTube! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_tim_duncan_san_antonio_spurs_nba_career_tv.html  

227's NBA Players:

Patrick Ewing- the Georgetown Hoyas & NBA!
  Isiah Thomas!  Magic Johnson   Clyde "The Glide" Drexler! Kareem Abdul-Jabbar  Julius Erving  Carmelo Anthony  LeBron James  Kobe Bryant!  NBA Access w/ Ahmad Rashad!  227's Ahmad Rashad-NBA & NFL Action! 227's Ahmad Rashad-NBA TV  227's Ahmad Rashad-"Rashad"  227's Ahmad Rashad-Phylicia Rashad  227's Ahamad Rashad-NBA Inside Stuff  227's Ahmad Rashad-NBA Access with Ahmad Rashad  The Best Ncaa Basketball Coaches!   Lenny Wilkins- Brooklyn's Basketball Legend! 227's YoUtuBe-ISIAH! Hakeem "The Dream" Olajuwon!  Bill Walton- UCLA & the NBA!  227's YouTubbe "LeBron!"-LeBron James   YouTubbe "Melo!"-Carmelo Anthony!  227's YouTubbe "A.I."-Allen Iverson!   227's YouTubbe "D Wade!"-Dwayne Wade!   227's uTubbe Steve Nash!

New at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227-the everything basketball & YouTube entertainment website!

227's YouTube "Chilli"-Marvel Comics!    

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/utube_marvel_comics_hulk_spiderman_thor_x_men.html

227's YouTube "Chilli"-DC Comics!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_dc_comics_superman_batman_cartoons_movies.html

227's YouTube "Chilli"-Comics!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_marvel_comics_dc_videos.html

227's YouTube "Chilli"-Movies!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_movies_films_actors_tv_series_video_drama.html

http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_movies_films_actors_tv_series_video_comics.html

227's YouTube "Chili"-Darth Vader (NBA & Star Wars)! "Luke, I'm Your Fatha (James Earl Jones)!"-http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_darth_vader_nba_star_wars_james_earl_jones.html
227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-Luke Skywalker
  227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-Mark Hamill  227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-Obi-Wan Kenobi  227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-Tatooine  227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-Princess Leia Organa  227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-Carrie Fisher  227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-Anakin Skywalker  227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-Jacen Solo  227's YouTube "Chili"-Star Wars-C-3PO

Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227-"YouTube" Entertainment/"YouTube" Entertainment Weekly/"YouTube" Entertainment Tonight/"YouTube" Entertainment Book/"YouTube" Entertainment News at 227!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/Jamaal_Al_Din_s_Hoops_227_entertainment_you_tube.html  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/Jamaal_Al_Din_s_Hoops_227_film_animation_reviews.html  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/Jamaal_Al_Din_s_Hoops_227_music_video_notes_charts.html  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/Jamaal_Al_Din_s_Hoops_227_youtube_favorite_special.html

227's YouTube-Ne-Yo/Sexy Love (NBA)! Ne-Yo Sexy Love/Ne-Yo Videos/Neyo & Island Def Jam/Neyo at 227!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_neyo_sexy_love_kate_sutherland_island_def.html  227's YouTube-Ne-Yo-"Mad"/Ne-Yo "Mad" Aol premiere video (NBA)/Ne-Yo "Mad" video at 227!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_neyo_mad_aol_premiere_narrative_hip_hop.html  
227's YouTube "Chili"-Justin Timberlake "Cry Me A River"/Justin Timberlake "Love Stoned"/Justin Timberlake videos  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/utube_justin_timberlake_cry_me_a_river_luv_stoned.html  227's YouTube "Chili"-Justin Timberlake (NBA) "LoveStoned"-Justin Timberlake! Justin Timberlake "Luv Stoned" iTunes/Justin Timberlake "Love Stoned" Remix/"LoveStoned"  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/utube_justin_timberlake_lovestoned_think_she_knows.html  227's YouTube "Chili" Rick Ross-"Mafia Music (NBA)" & "Hustlin"/Rick Ross ft. FatJoe, The Game, Ja Rule/Rick Ross!  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_rick_ross_mafia_music_2009_ja_rule_fat_joe.html
  Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!


227's YouTube "Chili!"

2Pac 50 Cent A Adam Tensta Akon Aaliyah Ashanti Andre 3000 B Bow Wow Bobby Valentino Beyonce Bone Thugs n Harmony Birdman (rapper) Busta Rhymes Bobby Fischer C Chris Brown Cherish Cassidy Chingy Chamillionaire Christina Milian Chrisette Michele Cashis Ciara Cypress Hill Calzone Mafia Cuban Link D Destiny's Child DJ Clue Demetri Montaque Danity Kane Day 26 Donnie D12 DJ Khaled Dr. Dre E E-40 Eminem Eazy-E F Fabolous Flo Rida Fat Joe Frankie J G G-Unit The Game H Hurricane Chris I Ice Cube J Jay-Z J.R. Rotem J Holiday Jordan Sparks K Kanye West Kelly Rowland keri hilson The Kreators L Lil' Kim Lil' Mo Lil Jon Lil Mama Lloyd Banks Lil Wayne Ludacris Lloyd Lil Mama Lil Eazy-E Leona lewis M MC Hammer Mike Shorey MF Doom Mariah Carey Mario Mary J. Blige N Ne-Yo Nate Dogg Niia N.W.A. Notorious B.I.G. Nas Nick Cannon Nelly Necro O Olivia Omarion Obie Trice Old Dirty Bastard P Public Enemy Plies P Diddy pink Pharcyde Q R Red Cafe Run DMC Ray J R Kelly Rihanna Rick Ross (rapper) S Sean Combs Sean Kingston Snoop Dogg Stargate Sean Garrett Suge Knight Soulja Boy Tell 'Em Stat Quo shakira T The Notorious B.I.G. Tupac Shakur Trina Tyrese T-Pain Three 6 Mafia T.I. Too Phat U Usher V V.I.C. W Warren G Wyclef Jean Wu Tang Clan will.i.am X Xzibit Y Young Jeezy Yung Berg Z

New at 227:

227's YouTube "Chili"-T.O."Terrell Owens" http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_t_o_terrell_owens_workout_reality_tv_nfl.html 
227's YouTube "Chili"-Kristinia DeBarge "Goodbye" (NBA)! Kristinia DeBarge Songs/Kristinia DeBarge Hits/Kristinia DeBarge Lyrics/Kristinia DeBarge Remix/Kristinia DeBarge CD/Kristinia DeBarge at 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_kristinia_debarge_music_goodbye_lyrics_mtv.html 
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/u_tube_kristinia_debarge_goodbye_lyrics_nba_itunes.html
 
227's YouTube "Chili"-"Mulan"-Walt Disney (NBA)! Mulan Songs/Mulan Musical Hits/Mulan Animation/Mulan Cartoon Movie!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_mulan_walt_disney_make_man_out_of_you_song.html
227's YouTube "Chili"-Kevin Federline (NBA) "Exclusive Kevin Federline Interview"/Kevin Federline, Britney Spears Interview/Kevin Federline Music! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/utube_kevin_federline_exclusive_interview_britney.html 
227's Reality TV Tube (NBA)!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_reality_tv_variety_et_online_hollywood_mtv.html 
227's "Hollywood" (NBA) Entertainment (YouTube "Chili")! 
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_hollywood_entertainment_et_online_reporter.html
227's YouTube "Chili"-Jordan McCoy (NBA)-"American Juniors"/Jordan McCoy "Beyonce" Acoustic/Rihanna Acoustic/Britney Spears Acoustic/Jordan McCoy at 227! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_jordan_mccoy_american_juniors_nba_acoustic.html
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/u_tube_jordan_mccoy_diddy_just_watch_me_big_girls.html

 
227's YouTube "Chili" Classics!


Michael Jackson Bing Crosby U.S. The Beatles AC/DC ABBA Alla Bee Gees Bob Marley Celine Dion Cliff Richard The Drifters Elton John Herbert von Karajan Julio Iglesias Led Zeppelin Madonna Mariah Carey  Elvis Presley Nana Mouskouri Pink Floyd The Rolling Stones Tino Rossi Wei Wei

Adriano Celentano
Aerosmith Backstreet Boys Barry White Billy Joel Bon Jovi Boney M. The Carpenters Charles Aznavour Cher Chicago Dave Clark Five David Bowie Deep Purple Depeche Mode Dire Straits Dolly Parton The Eagles Electric Engelbert Humperdinck Fats Domino Fleetwood Mac The Four Seasons Frank Sinatra Garth Brooks Genesis George Michael Guns N' Roses James Last The Jackson 5 Janet Jackson Johnny Hallyday Kenny Rogers Lionel Richie Luciano Pavarotti Metallica Michiya Mihashi Mireille Mathieu Modern Talking Neil Diamond Olivia Newton-John Patti Page Paul McCartney Perry Como Pet Shop Boys Phil Collins Prince Queen Ricky Nelson Roberto Carlos Rod Stewart Salvatore Adamo Status Quo Stevie Wonder Teresa Teng Tina Turner Tom Jones U2 Valeriya The Ventures Whitney Houston The Who

Annie Lennox B'z Britney Spears Carlos Santana Dalida
Earth, Wind & Fire Eddy Arnold Eminem Eurythmics Gloria Estefan Hibari Misora Journey Scorpions Van Halen Ace of Base Alan Jackson Country Alice Cooper Hard rock Andrea Bocelli Opera The Andrews Sisters Swing Ayumi Hamasaki Pop Black Sabbath Heavy metal Barbra Streisand Pop / Adult contemporary Beach Boys Rock Pop Bob Dylan Folk / Rock Bob Seger Rock Boston Arena rock Boyz II Men R&B Bruce Springsteen Rock Bryan Adams Def Leppard Destiny's Child R&B / Pop Dreams Come True Pop / Jazz Duran Duran Enya Ireland Four Tops George Strait Glay Iron Maiden Jay-Z Hip hop Jean Michel Jarre Jethro Tull Johnny Cash Kazuhiro Moriuchi Kiss Hard rock Kenny G Kylie Minogue Luis Miguel Linkin Park Meat Loaf Michael Bolton Mills Brothers Mötley Crüe Mr.Children Nat King Cole New Kids on the Block Nirvana 'N Sync Oasis Orhan Gencebay Pearl Jam Petula Clark Red Hot Chili Peppers The Police Ray Conniff Reba McEntire R.E.M. Richard Clayderman Ricky Martin Robbie Williams Roxette Sweden Shakira Colombia
The Seekers Australia Spice Girls
Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers Tony Bennett T.Rex UB40 Vicente Fernandez Village People Willie NelsonJamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!


227's-StubHubTickets Masters! Stubhub NBA, NFL, MLB, Concerts & more at 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/tickets_sale_buy_concert_nba_nfl_mlb_concert_sell.html

227's-StubHubTickets Masters! Stubhub NBA, NFL, MLB, Concerts & more at 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/tickets_sale_buy_concert_nba_nfl_mlb_concert_sell1.html

227's-StubHubTickets Masters! Stubhub NBA, NFL, MLB, Concerts & more at 227!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/tickets_sale_buy_concert_nba_nfl_mlb_concert_sell2.html

227's-DirecTV & Dish Network!
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/DirecTV_dish_network_channels_network_satellite.html

227's-DirecTV & Dish Network! List of DirecTV Channels!  227's DirecTV & Dish Network-TNT (TV network)  227's DirecTV-HD Theater  227's DirecTV-HDNet  227's DirecTV-The 101 Network  227's DirecTV-CNN  227's DirecTV-HLN (TV network)  227's DirecTV-ESPNews  227's DirecTV-ESPN Classic  227's DirecTV-NFL Network  227's DirecTV-MLB Network  227's DirecTV-NHL Network (United States)  227's DirecTV-Tennis Channel  227's DirecTV-Golf Channel  227's DirecTV-Liquidation Channel  227's DirecTV-Home & Garden Television  227's DirecTV-DIY Network  227's DirecTV-Food Network  227's DirecTV-Fine Living  227's DirecTV-Gems TV  227's DirecTV-Style Network  227's DirecTV-E!  227's DirecTV-TV Guide Network  227's DirecTV-ReelzChannel  227's DirecTV-Home Shopping Network  227's DirecTV-Spike (TV channel)  227's DirecTV-USA Network  227's DirecTV-Sci Fi Channel (United States)  227's DirecTV-truTV

227's Casino & Slots! http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/casino_poker_black_jack_roulette_keno_solitaire.html
227's Casino & Slots!  227's Casino & Slots! Casino  227's Casino & Slots! Casino (film)game http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/casino_slots_money_cash_prizes_earnings_free_play.html


"Pistol" Pete Maravich!
  Larry Bird!  2007-08 NBA Basketball Awards!  Opening Night in the NBA!  CHRIS CHILDS "C-squared" at 227!  Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, NBA/NCAA Greatness, and "The Skyhook!" 227's AAU Basketball!  227's AAU Basketball!227's AAU Basketball!227's AAU Basketball! 227's AAU Basketball! * 227's AAU Basketball!  Moses Malone  Dominique Wilkins!  Bill Russell- the Boston Celtic!   Charles Barkley- "The Round-Mound of Rebound!"  Nate Archibald  Elvin Hayes- University of Houston & the NBA!  Lenny Wilkins- Brooklyn's Basketball Legend! Rick Barry- "The under-hand Freethrow!"  Elgin Baylor   2008 NBA Draft at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!  227's YouTube "Dr. J!"-Julius Erving!  Wilt Chamberlain George "Iceman" Gervin!  Kevin Garnett  Elgin Baylor YouTube Information from FreeBase.com & Wikipedia at Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! Bob Pettit  National Basketball Association Bob Cousy, Holy Cross Crusaders & the Boston Celtics! Opening Night in the NBA!  227's Black History Month! Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

List of NBA Players: A
   List of National Basketball Association Players: B   List of National Basketball Association Players: C  List of National Basketball Association Players: D  List of National Basketball Association Players: E-F   List of National Basketball Association Players: G  List of National Basketball Association Players: H  List of National Basketball Association Players: I-J 
List of National Basketball Association Players: K
  List of National Basketball Association Players: L  List of National Basketball Association Players: M  List of National Basketball Association Players: N-O  List of National Basketball Association Players: P-Q  List of National Basketball Association Players: R  List of National Basketball Association Players: S  List of National Basketball Association Players: T-V  List of National Basketball Association Players: W-Z

227's-Hip Hop (YOUTUBE CHILI!)!
* 227's-Hip Hop (YOUTUBE CHILI!)! 


227's-"Jizz In My Pants!" YouTube "ChiLi" Music Videos   227's-"Jizz In My Pants!" YouTube "ChiLi!" Music Videos   227's-"Jizz In My Pants!" YouTube "ChiLi!" Music Videos     227's YouTube Chili-Family Guy!  
227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! History of Family Guy  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Death Has a Shadow  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Peter Griffin  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Tom Tucker (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Seth MacFarlane  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Family Guy: Live in Vegas  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Don't Make Me Over (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Neil Goldman (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Padre de Familia (Family Guy episode)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Running Mates (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Patriot Games (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Jungle Love (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Family Guy Viewer Mail 1  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Barely Legal (Family Guy) 227's YouTube Chili-Family Guy! 227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Prick Up Your Ears (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Blind Ambition (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Adam West (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Glenn Quagmire  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Criticism of Family Guy  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Stewie Griffin: The Untold Story  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Family Guy DVDs  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! List of characters in Family Guy  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Blue Harvest (Family Guy)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Brian Griffin  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Family Guy (pinball)  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Long John Peter!  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy! Mind Over Murder  227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy!-The Courtship of Stewie's Father   227's YouTube "Chili"-Family Guy!- Family Guy Video Game!Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!
 


227's YouTube "Chilli!"
   227's YouTube "Chilli!"   227's YouTube "Chilli!"   227's YouTube "Chilli!"
Reality television
  TV Guide (magazine)  TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time  List of American game shows  Celebrity  TV Guide Network   Marg Helgenberger  High School! Kimengumi  Punk'd  List of celebrities involved with WrestleMania  List of Seinfeld minor characters  100 Greatest Kids' TV shows   227's YouTube "ChiLi!"-PLAYBOY 227's YouTube "ChiLi!"-Fat Albert & The COSBY Kids! 227's YouTube "ChiLi!"-PLAYBOY 227's YouTube "ChiLi!"-PLAYBOY 227's YouTube "ChiLi!"-Fat Albert & The COSBY Kids! 227's YouTube "ChiLi!"-PLAYBOY




Ghostface Killah 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Ghostface Killah - He Comes (feat. De La Soul) 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-wu-tang clan: golden era (93-96) 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Raekwon - Criminology 2 (feat. Ghostface KIllah) 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Ghostface Killah feat. Jadakiss & Comp - Run 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Ghostface Killah feat. U-God - Cherchez LaGhost 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Raekwon - Wu Ooh (feat. Ghostface Killah & Method Man) 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Jeff Johnson Freestyle over 'Yolanda's House' from Ghostface Killah  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Ghostface Killah - Mighty Healthy (palm of ice remix) 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Raekwon feat. Ghostface Killah-The G Hide 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Raekwon feat. Ghostface Killah, Method Man & Cappadonna - Ice Cream 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-U-God Inspectah Deck & Street Life - Semi Automatic: Full Rap Metal Jacket  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-Ghostface Killah Raekwon & Rza - Who's The Champion 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Ghostface Killah-The Best From Ghostface Killah * Cappadonna YOUTUBBE Music Videos 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Cappadonna-Inspectah Deck - Let Me At Em  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Cappadonna-Rza Method Man & Cappadonna - Wu-Wear: The Garment Renaissance  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Cappadonna-interview Cappadonna @ Karmaloop TV  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Cappadonna-Ol' Dirty Bastard & 12 O'Clock - Ol' Dirtys Back  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Cappadonna-Cappadonna - Milk The Cow  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Cappadonna-Cappadonna feat. Rhyme Recca & Boy Blue - Freestyle (1998, rare)  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Cappadonna-Cappadonna - Slang Editorial(Remix)   227's YouTube "Chili!"-Cappadonna-rza, method man & cappadonna wu wear  * Mac Main YOUTUBBE Music Videos * Gorilla Zoe YOUTUBBE Music Videos Beyonce YOUTUBBE Music Videos  * The Notorious B.I.G YOUTUBBE Music Videos * Lil' Boosie YOUTUBBE Music Videos * Gucci Mane YOUTUBBE Music Videos * Soulja Boy YOUTUBBE Music Videos * Plies YOUTUBBE Music Videos  * Dalek YOUTUBBE Music Videos  
227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-gorilla zoe definition of a block so sick 227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe - Juice Box (Chopped & Screwed By DJ Slugga)  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-The Charleston to Hood Nigga by Gorilla Zoe  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe - I Like Them Girls [FULL/NODJ/DIRTY] NEW  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe Ft. Rick Ross - What It Is  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe Valentines Day  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Requested Sample #2 - Gorilla Zoe - Lost  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe - Too Much  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe - I Like Them Girls [Prod. By Drumma Boy]  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gucci Mane (Ft. Gorilla Zoe)-Broom  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-GORILLA ZOE - BLOCK - DIDDY - TAMPA  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe - Thuggin  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe: Don't Feed The Animals Movie Trailer  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Paper - Gorilla Zoe ft Durty Block  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-SOREAL CRU TV PRESENTS: THE RE-UP  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe Ft. Lil Wayne- Losing my Mind (WITH LYRICS)  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe feat. Gucci Mane - Walk with a waddle  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe - Hood Nigga (UNEDITED)  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe & Gucci Mane Walk wit a Waddle: Making the Video  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe & Gucci Mane Walk wit a Waddle: Making the Video  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-GORILLA ZOE FT LIL WAYNE- GET MONEY  227's YouTube "Chili!"-Gorilla Zoe-Gorilla Zoe dissed Game  * 
Busta Rhymes YOUTUBBE Music Videos * Jadakiss YOUTUBBE Music Videos * The Pharcyde YOUTUBBE Music Videos * Whitney Houston YOUTUBE Music Videos * Taylor Swift  YOUTUBE Music Videos  *   Kanye West  YOUTUBBE Music Videos  *  Rihanna YOUTUBE Music Videos  *  Jason Mraz YOUTUBBE Music Videos  *  T-Pain YOUTUBE Music Videos  *  All American Rejects YOUTUBBE Music Videos  *  Usher YOUTUBBE Music Videos

227's NBC.com!
  NBC.com-30 Rock (227's YouTube Chili)!  NBC.com-The Biggest Loser (227's YouTube Chili)!  NBC.com-The Celebrity Apprentice (227's uTubbe Chili)!  NBC.com-Chuck-TV serires (227's uTubbe Chili)!  NBC.com-Crusoe (227's YouTube Chili)!  NBC.com-Dateline (227's YouTube Chili)!  NBC.com-Days of Our Lives Characters (227's YouTube Chili)!  NBC.com-Deal or No Deal (U.S. game show)  NBC.com-ER (TV series)-227's uTubbe "Chili!"  NBC.com-Friday Night Lights (TV series) (227's YouTube Chili)!  NBC.com- Howie Do It (227's YouTube Chili)!  NBC.com-Jimmy Fallon (227's YouTube Chili)!  NBC.com-Kath & Kim  NBC.com-Knight Rider  227's NBC.com!

227's ABC.com!
 227's ABC.com! According To Jim  227's ABC.com! America's Funniest Home Videos (AMV)  227's ABC.com! The Bachelor (TV series)  227's ABC.com! Better Off Ted  227's ABC.com! Kevin Walker (Brothers & Sisters)  227's ABC.com! List of Brothers & Sisters episodes  227's ABC.com! Brothers & Sisters (2006 TV series)  227's ABC.com! Scrubs (TV series)  227's ABC.com!

227's CBS.com! 227's CBS.com (YouTube)! 48 Hours (TV series)  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! The Amazing Race  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! The Big Bang Theory  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! List of The Big Bang Theory episodes  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! List of characters in The Big Bang Theory  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! Big Brother (TV series)  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! Million Dollar Password  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! Password (TV series)  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! Regis Philbin  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! CBS Television City  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! Bob Stewart (television producer)  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! The Price Is Right  227's CBS.com (YouTube)! CBS Studio Center  227's CBS.com!




227's YouTube ChiLi!" - Carrie Underwood  227's YouTube "CHILLI!"-Soul Train Dancers! Fall Out Boy on YouTube   David Archuleta   Eminem   Outkast  227's YouTube "CHILLI!"-Soul Train Dancers! Tupac Shakur Colby O'Donis  The Fray   227's YouTube "Chili!"-The Fray-Sex and the City- How to save a life  227's YouTube "Chili!"-The Fray-Heaven Forbid - The Fray  227's YouTube "Chili!"-The Fray-The Fray - How To Save A Life (featured on Scrubs)  227's YouTube "Chili!"-The Fray-How to Save a Life- The Fray; Music Video  227's YouTube "Chili!"-The Fray-The Fray - How To Save A Life (piano acoustic)(Grey's Anatomy) on iTunes  227's YouTube "Chili!"-The Fray-The Fray - How To Save A Life (from Grey's Anatomy)  227's YouTube "Chili!"-The Fray-The Fray - Look After You  227's YouTube "Chili!"-The Fray-The Official Lost Music Video with The Fray!  227's YouTube-"All at Once" -- The Fray   John Legend  TOKIO HOTEL  227's YouTube "CHILLI!"-Soul Train Dancers! Tokio Hotel   TOKIO HOTEL  227's YouTube "CHILLI!"-Soul Train Dancers!

227's uTubbe "Chili"
  YouTube-David Bowie  YouTube-The Dave Clark Five  YouTube-Chicago (band)  YouTube-Cher  YouTube-Charles Aznavour  YouTube-The Carpenters  YouTube-Boney M.  YouTube-Bon Jovi  YouTube-Billy Joel  YouTube-Barry White  YouTube-Aerosmith  YouTube-Adriano Celentano  YouTube-Wei Wei (singer)  YouTube-Tino Rossi  YouTube-The Rolling Stones  YouTube-Nana Mouskouri  YouTube-Led Zeppelin  YouTube-Julio Iglesias  YouTube-Herbert von Karajan  YouTube-Elton John  YouTube-The Drifters  YouTube-Cliff Richard  YouTube-Bob Marley  YouTube-Bee Gees  YouTube-ABBA  YouTube-Bing Crosby  YouTube-List of best-selling music artists


New at 227! YouTube "CHiLi" COUNTRY Taters! * YouTube Harry Potter * YouTube American Idol! * YouTube "CHiLi"-SUGARLAND! * Beyonce YouTube Music Video Channels * Rihanna YouTube Music Video Channels * Kanye West YouTube Music Video Channels * uTube "Chili!"- Tay Zonday * uTube "Chili!"- Tay Zonday * Alicia Keys YouTube Music Video Channels 227's Virtual MP3 Players! * 227's Virtual MP3 Players! * 227's Virtual MP3 Players! * 227's Virtual MP3 Players! * 227's Virtual MP3 Players! * 227's Cellular Phone Hoops * 227's Cellular Phone Hoops * 227's Cellular Phone Hoops * 227's Cellular Phone Hoops-T-MOBILE! * 227's Cellular Phone Hoops-AT & T! * 227's Cellular Phone Hoops-VERIZON Wireless! * 227's Cellular Phone Hoops-SPRINT! YouTube "Chilli!"-Academy Awards!YouTube "Chilli!"-Academy Awards!  



227's YouTube "ALI" featuring KNOCKOUT Fights and YouTube Videos of "The Greatest!" Muhammad Ali! * 227's "Muhammad Ali Week" Dec. 24-Dec. 30!  Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!


Beyonce Knowles-YouTube ALEXANDRA BURKE & QUEEN BEYONCE "LISTEN" THE X-FACTORS FINALS (12/13/2008)  YouTube Beyoncé knowles - If I Were Boy - Live On X Factor 2008 Finals Alexandra Burke Beyoncé   YouTube "Chilli" BEYONCE-Broadway and Dondria Singing Justin Timberlake ft Beyonce-Until the end of time(FINAL CUT)  YouTube Beyonce - Fan Book  YouTube "Chilli!' BEYONCE-Beyonce at LAX Airport January 25 2009 - TMZ  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-Beatboxing + Singing "Hello" by Beyonce acapella request (Ivana and Jess cover)  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-hollie harris beyonce listen  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-JUST STAND UP! Mariah, Beyonce, Rihanna, Miley, Leona more  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-Jay Z feat Beyonce - 03 Bonnie & Clyde (Official Music Videoin HQ)  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-50 Cent - Thug Love F/ Beyonce (Destiny's Child) (4th Single: Unreleased Track)  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-President Obama's A Fan Of Beyonce's "Single Ladies."  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-OBAMA -BEYONCE NEIGHBORHOOD BALL BARACK.  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-JOMAR : LISTEN (Beyonce Knowles)  227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-Beyonce Ft. Alexandra Burke - HD Listen (Live at X Factor 2008) HQ Broken-hearted Girl by Beyonce Karaoke  ME SINGING HALO BY BEYONCE-02/07  Emo Girls Dance to Beyonce  Me singing "Broken-Hearted Girl" by Beyonce  Robyn McGhee - Beyonce - Trust in Me  Happy Saturday!!! Beyonce & Etta James; The Hudson Plane accident  At last - H4RRYV1DS - ETTA JAMES/ BEYONCE COVER  Beyoncé and Jay-Z leaving Nobu Restaurant - 02.04.2009  Beyonce, Britney Spears y Pink- We will rock you mix dannylc7  Amor Kismet Singinging Beyonce "Halo"  Beyoncé - Halo  Halo - Beyonce (singing with acoustic cover)  Beyonce - "Roc" Piano Tutorial  Halo By Beyonce (me lip singing it)  Beyonce Single ladies dance  hello- beyonce (cover instrumental)  Beyonce Lee Carr - If i were a boy/Girl  Singing Beyonce-Broken Hearted Girl  ItsHot.com Presents The Friday Hip Hop Report (Nov21)  Gabby's Dance Party. (can I dance or not?)  Beyonce Halo ActingCapella lol!! upgrade  Beyonce - Diva (kid version)  beyonce single ladies ( guy verison )  Danielle McAlary Ave Maria Beyonce Cover 227's YouTube "Chilli!" BEYONCE-Beyonce - Single Ladies (Put A Ring On It) Ahn SoHee- Beyonce dance cover (Wonder Girls 2nd Fan Meeting)  Beyoncé - Save The Hero (Sims 2 version)  Beyoncé - Save The Hero (Sims 2 version)

Taylor Swift-227's YouTube Taylor Swift: Taylor Swift - Picture to Burn [ Official Music Video ]   *  227's YouTube Taylor Swift: Ellen DeGeneres: Taylor Swift & Joe Jonas Phone Break-Up  * 227's YouTube TAYLOR SWIFT: TEARDROPS ON MY GUITAR 

Kanye West-227's YouTube KANYE WEST: Young Jeezy - Put on (feat. Kanye West)    227's YouTube Kanye West: Christina Milian dicusses her new album incl. Kanye West, Movies vs Music, & Christmas    227's YouTube Kanye West: SNL LATE NIGHT LAUGH | KANYE WEST LIP SYNCING? | AMY POEHLER LEAVES "SNL" -- SKINNY (12/15/08)

227's YouTube "50 Cent"-"CHili Dogg (NBA)!" http://www.hoops227.tv.com/youtube_50_cent_ayo_technology_candy_shop_money_21.html

Rihanna-227's YouTube Rihanna " Rehab " @ Star Academy 2008 [LIVE] HQ 12.19.08  227's YouTube Rihanna-Rihanna-Rehab [Dance Remix] - Arron M   227's YouTube Rihanna: Rihanna - Rehab (Star Academy Finale)  YouTube Rihanna-WWE Diva of the Month: February 2009  YouTube Rihanna-Nina SImon, Rihanna- Take a Bow  YouTube Rihanna-DISTURBIA @ metrowalk plaza  YouTube Rihanna-CHEDDAR SINGS!!!!!!!!!!!  YouTube Rihanna-Re: Lil Wayne Ft Drake - Ransom - NEW !!!  YouTube Rihanna-Rihanna Don't Stop The Music DJ Diego Barros Remix  YouTube Rihanna-Umbrella (Cover) - the baseballs  YouTube Rihanna-Rihanna - Take a Bow  YouTube Rihanna-The MOST CUTEST picture of the Jonas Brothers!read description  YouTube Rihanna-moment in time [starrgyrrl]  YouTube Rihanna-Umbrella Rihanna version by Arsal & Alex  YouTube Rihanna-Rihanna - Disturbia  YouTube Rihanna-rihanna live your life remix  YouTube Rihanna-Mystic - Disturbia  Knowing New Scene Latest Update with HD Quality 2009  Re: Soulja Boy Tell' Em - "Kiss Me Thru The Phone" [Music Video] 

Usher-P.Diddy F.. Usher - I Need A Girl P.1   227's YouTube Usher (Chili!): Exclusive Usher Parody   The Boondocks - Tom, Sarah and Usher - part 1   227's YouTube Usher Feat. Lil Jon and Ludacris - Yeah - Lyrics   Aaliyah Janet Jackson Teairra Mari Letoya Luckett Christina Milian Rihanna Usher Seven Pounds

Jason Mraz-227's YouTube Jason Mraz: Me Singing "I'm Yours" by Jason Mraz  Jason Mraz @ Today Show [LIVE] HQ 12.19.08 " We Sing "   227's YouTube Jason Mraz: Live High - Jason Mraz (cover by Alex Taimanao)   227's YouTube Jason Mraz: Jason Mraz - Geek In The Pink (Live at Highline Ballroom - NY)

227's YouTube Chili!The Flinstones  The Muppet Show   227's YouTube "ChiLi!"-Fat Albert & The COSBY Kids! Scooby Doo  He Man & The Masters of the Universe  Tom & Jerry Show  Hong Kong Phooey   Thunderbirds   Sesame Street   Pokemon  Sabrina & The Teenage Witch  My Parents Are Aliens  Star Wars!  Star Wars!  The Adventures of Robin Hood   Dick & Dom in the Bungalow

227's TV TUBE...227's  Atlanta TV Tube  227's Boston TV Tube  Cleveland TV Tube  227's Detroit TV Tube  Dallas TV Tube  Denver TV Tube  Charlotte TV Tube  227's Chicago TV Tube  Oakland TV Tube  Houston TV Tube Indianapolis TV Tube  Los Angeles TV Tube   227's Los Angeles TV Tube   227's Memphis TV Tube  Grand Rapids TV Tube  227's Miami TV Tube  Milwaukee TV Tube  Minneapolis TV Tube  New Jersey TV Tube  227's New Orleans TV Tube  New York TV Tube  227's New York TV Tube  Orlando TV Tube  227's Pittsburgh TV Tube  Philadelphia TV Tube  227's Phoenix TV Tube  Portland TV Tube  Sacramento TV Tube  San Antonio TV Tube  Seattle TV Tube  Salt Lake City, Utah TV Tube  227's Tampa Bay TV Tube  Oklahoma City TV Tube  Toronto TV Tube  227's Washington, D.C., TV Tube     


227's YOUTUBBE CHiLi! Katy Perry  Katy Perry Videos on U TuBe!  Katy Perry  Lady GaGa  Lady GaGa YouTuBBE Music Videos  Lady GaGa  Ludacris  Ludacris YouTubbe Music Videos  Ludacris  Beyonce Knowles!  Beyonce  AKON  AKON YouTubbe Music Videos  AKON  T.I. Videos on uTuBe!    T.I. YouTubbe Music Videos  227's T.I.  Kanye West  Kanye West YouTube Videos  Keshia Cole YouTuBBe "CHiLi!"   JAMIE FOXX YouTubbe Music Videos! 

227's YouTube "ChiLi" Classics!
   227's YouTube "ChiLi" Classics!Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

227's HARD ROCK n ROLL Cafe!

227's "Hard Rock n Roll" Cafe!-YouTube "CHiLi!"
  *  227's "Hard Rock n Roll" Cafe!-YouTube "CHiLi!"  *  227's "Hard Rock n Roll" Cafe!-YouTube "CHiLi!"  *  227's "Hard Rock n Roll" Cafe!-YouTube "CHiLi!"  *  227's "Hard Rock n Roll" Cafe!-YouTube "CHiLi!" Crooked X * Vagiant * The Mother Hips * Flyleaf * Tribe * Freezepop * The Konks * Anarchy Club * Timmy and the Lords of the Underworld * The Acro-Brats * Honest Bob and The Factory to Dealer Incentives * Death of the Cool * Bang Camaro * KISS * Fiath No More * Radio Head * Smashing Pumpkins * The Rolling Stones * Hives * OK Go * Aerosmith * Pixies * Nine Inch Nail * David Bowie


227's Billboard.com 100-Music & Video Widgets!
   227's Billboard.com 100-Music & Video Widgets!   227's Billboard.com 100-Music & Video Widgets!   227's Billboard.com 100-Music & Video Widgets!   227's Billboard.com 100-Music & Video Widgets!   227's Billboard.com 100-Music & Video Widgets!

227's YouTube-"Karaoke" ("Chili")  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/u_tube_karaoke_song_lyrics_instrument_contest_fail.html
227's YouTube-"Karaoke" ("Chili")-Karaoke Television
  227's YouTube-"Karaoke" ("Chili")-Karaoke Revolution  227's YouTube-"Karaoke" ("Chili")-Karaoke(T-Pain song)  227's YouTube-"Karaoke" ("Chili")-Karaoke (TV serial)  227's YouTube-"Karaoke" ("Chili")-Music video game 

227's YouTube "Chili"-NBA Dance Teams!

A-Town Dancers http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_atlanta_hawks_cheerleaders_tryout_camp.html 
Blazer Dancers http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_portland_trail_blazer_dancer_audition.html 
Green Team http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_boston_celtics_green_team_dance_routine_tv.html 
Charlotte Lady Cats
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_charlotte_lady_cats_dance_team_halftime.html
 
Chicago Luvabulls http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_chicago_luvabulls_dance_team_halftime_show.html
Cavalier Girls
http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_cleveland_cavalier_girls_nba_dance_team.html
 
Mavs Dancers http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/you_tube_dallas_mavericks_mavs_dancers_haltime_nba.html


227's Energy Drinks of NBA, NFL, MLB, entertainers & music artists worldwide! Red Bull Energy Drink   XS Energy Drink    Coca-Cola   Wired Energy Drink   Coca-Cola   NOS Energy Drink  Coca-Cola  
Redline Energy Drink

227's MySpace! * 227's MySpace! * 227's MySpace!

227's YMCA-"The Birthplace of Basketball!" 227's YMCA    227's YMCA    227's YMCA


227's YouTube NCAA Basketball Tournament!
  
www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_1.html
  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_tournament_video_tickets.html
www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_2.html
  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_tournament_video_tickets_1.html
www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_3.html
  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_tournament_video_tickets_2.html
www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_4.html
  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_tournament_video_tickets_3.html  http://www.hoops227.atomicshops.com/youtube_ncaa_basketball_tournament_video_tickets_4.html

1992 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament featuring Mike Krzyzewski and the Duke Blue Devils
  1982 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament featuring Michael Jordan, Patrick Ewing, Dean Smith, John Thompson, North Carolina Tar Heals and the Georgetown Hoyas  2003 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament  1999 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament  2000 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament  1979 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament featuring Earvin Magic Johnson, Larry Bird and the Michigan State Spartans  1998 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament   1981 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament featuring Isiah Thomas, Bobby Knight and the Indiana Hoosiers  2008 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament featuring the Kansas Jayhawks  1993 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament 2002 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament  1989 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament  2001 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament   1996 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament    1995 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament  1987 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament  1994 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament  1988 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament   1991 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament

Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

Jamaal's LIst-The NBA!
  List of cities producing the most NBA players  List of most three-point field goals made in National Basketball Association history  List of National Basketball Association Finals head coaches  NBA on TNT broadcasters  List of individual National Basketball Association scoring leaders by season  Active NBA playoff appearance streaks  List of NBA vs FIBA games  List of NBA championship head coaches 

Sports:


227's PGA Tour (Golf)!
  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Mercedes-Benz Championship (PGA Tour)  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Sony Open in Hawaii  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Bob Hope Classic  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! FBR Open  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Buick Invitational 227's PGA Tour (Golf)! The Barclays  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Nick Faldo  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Greg Norman  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Vijay Singh  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Tom Kite  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Curtis Strange  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Lee Trevino  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Nick Price  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Ben Crenshaw  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! PGA Tour Golf Team Challenge  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Ernie Els  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Phil Mickelson  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Jack Nicklaus  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Arnold Palmer  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Tom Watson (golfer)  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Tiger Woods  227's PGA Tour (Golf)! Tiger Woods PGA Tour

227's WTA (Women's Tennis Association)!


227 League! "A league of it's own!" featuring Wikipedia information and articles on these cities: 227's New York "PIZZA!"  *  227's Cleveland "TOAST!"  *  227's Cincinnati "BACON!"  *  227's Atlanta "HAM HOCKS!"  *  227's Los Angeles "COFFEE!"   *  227's Nashville "EGGS!"  *  227's Boston "BEEF!   *  227's San Diego "FLAPJACKS!"   *  227's Philadelphia "SALSA!"   *  227's Seattle "SQUID!"  *  227's Jacksonville "GRITS!"  *  227's Las Vegas "CHITTERLINGS!"  227's Honolulu "Fries!"

227's Music City TimeLine! Years in music!  Music in … 19961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009 • 2010 • 2011 • 2012 • 2013 • 2014 • 2015

Jamaal Al-Din, a native of Grand Rapids, Michigan and former leading scorer of Olympic Basketball and LSU great, Ed Palubinskas brings to you Michigan State University's and the NBA's Earvin "Magic" Johnson at 227's YouTube "MAGIC!" provided by Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227-the everything basketball website, featuring YouTube Videos and Wikipedia information on the legendary Earvin "Magic" Johnson, The Magic Johnson Foundation, Magic Johnson Enterprises,  and everything including the magical phrase..."MAGIC!" 227's YouTube "MAGIC!"

227's YouTuBe "ChiLi!"-SNL (Saturday Night Live)!
   227's YouTuBe "ChiLi!"-SNL (Saturday Night Live)!   227's YouTube "Chili!"-Characters on Saturday Night Live!   227's YouTuBe "ChiLi!"-SNL (Saturday Night Live)!   New at 227:  Saturday Night Live Commercial Parodies (YouTube "Chilli!)    

227's YouTube Chili!-Oprah Winfrey!
  227's YouTube Chili!-Oprah Winfrey!  227's YouTube Chili!-Oprah Winfrey!  227's YouTube Chili!-Oprah Winfrey!
YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Doug Anthony All Stars - Oprah (Dead & Alive - 1993)
  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Oprah Speaks the Truth about McCain  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-The oprah winfrey show (joe hoes style)  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Oprah Speaks to the Stanford Class of 2008 (Highlights)  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Ellen DeGeneres ~ I Love Jesus But I Drink A Little (HQ)  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-David Blaine Risks His Life on The Oprah Show Video Blog 1  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-APT - Obama Obama A millie Parody/Remix With lyrics  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Get Ready to Be Awakened: A New Earth  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-The Soup: Oprah's Va-Jay-Jay  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-FUNNY Dave Chappelle as Tom Cruise on Oprah Show,  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Letterman: Barack gives the Top Ten  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Dont Drink The Kool-Aid: Oprah, Obama and The Occult  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-O, The Oprah Religion Recruitment Video #1  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-008 Charice Pempengco on Oprah And Whitney Houston from the Bodyguard  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Charice Pempengco on E. Live  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Carlton Banks Dancing to Oprah Theme  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Hannah Montana's Miley Cyrus - A Sneak Peek For Oprah & Fans  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-The Church of Oprah Exposed  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Sex, Lies and Barbara Walters  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Violent Oprah  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-The Jonas Brothers on The Oprah Show!  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Oprah's Message to YouTube!  YouTube Oprah Winfrey-Tom Cruise Goes Crazy on Oprah...ORIGINAL VERSION! 

List of Saturday Night Live musical sketches
  Saturday Night Live cast  Saturday Night Live (Season 33)  SNL's Weekend Update  Saturday Night Live characters appearing on Weekend Update  Saturday Night Live hosts  SNL Studios  SNL (disambiguation)  SNL's Five-Timers Club  SNL's Lazy Sunday  Saturday Night Live (Season 21)  History of Saturday Night Live (1990–1995)  Saturday Night Live (Season 11)  Saturday Night Live (Season 34)  History of Saturday Night Live (1980–1985)  Saturday Night Live (Season 30)  Celebrity Jeopardy! (Saturday Night Live)  Saturday Night Live (Season 31)  Saturday Night Live (Season 2)  Saturday Night Live (Season 15)  Saturday Night Live (Season 26)  Saturday Night Live (Season 32)

227's American Idol! * 227's American Idol! * 227's American Idol! * 227's American Idol

227's BCS-College Football Bowl Championship Series!   BCS Bowl Championship!   BCS Bowl Championship!  Florida Gators football  2006 Florida Gators football team  2008 Florida Gators football team  2007 Florida Gators football team  Penn State Nittany Lions football  2008 Penn State Nittany Lions football team  2006 Penn State Nittany Lions football team  2007 Penn State Nittany Lions football team  2005 Penn State Nittany Lions football team  Penn State Nittany Lions football under Joe Paterno  Penn State Nittany Lions football under Joe Paterno (in the Big Ten)  2002 Penn State Nittany Lions football team  Ohio State Buckeyes football  2002 Ohio State Buckeyes football team  Alabama Crimson Tide Football  Oklahoma Sooners Football  Texas Longhorns football  2005 Texas Longhorn football team  2006 Texas Longhorn football team  2007 Texas Longhorn football team  2008 Texas Longhorn football team  2007 Oklahoma Sooners football team  2006 Oklahoma Sooners football team  Oklahoma Sooners football under Bob Stoops  2007 Alabama Crimson Tide football team  2008 Alabama Crimson Tide football team  Alabama Crimson Tide football seasons

227's NHL-National Hockey League!

New York Islanders
  New Jersey Devils  Pittsburgh Penguins  New York Rangers  Philadelphia Flyers  Boston Bruins  Buffalo Sabres  Montreal Canadiens Ottawa Senators  Toronto Maple Leafs  Atlanta Thrashers  Carolina Hurricanes Florida Panthers Tampa Bay Lightning  Washington Capitals Chicago Blackawks  Columbus Blue Jackets  Detroit Red Wings Nashville Predators St. Louis Blues Calgary Flames Colorado Avalanche Edmonton Oilers Minnesota Wild Vancouver Canucks Anaheim Ducks Dallas Stars Los Angeles Kings Phoenix Coyotes San Jose Sharks  Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!




YouTube T.I.  YouTube Christina Aguilera-"Chili"  YouTube AC/DC-"cHiLi"  YouTube Jay-Z "CHILI!" 227's-T-Pain!   YouTube Chili!-The BEATLES!  YouTube T.I. ReD HoT ChiLi PePpers! 227's-"Guns N Roses"  ReD HoT ChiLi PePpers!  227's-Paris Hilton  YouTube "ChiLi'-Beyonce Music Videos!  YouTube "ChiLi'-Beyonce! 227's-Pussycat Dolls "J-Lo" Jennifer Lopez! YouTube "ChiLi'-Beyonce!  YouTube Christina Aguilera Music Videos-"Chili"  YouTube "cHiLi"-Chris Brown!   uTube Country Taters!   YouTube "cHiLi"-Chris Brown!  YouTube "CHiLi"-Chris Brown!    227's YouTube NBA-Animation  227's-Miley Cyrus YouTube Jay-Z Music Videos!  YouTube Jay-Z Music Videos!  YouTube "ChiLi"-The Beatles!  u Tube "Chili"-The Beatles!  YouTube-The "Beatles!"    Katy Perry "Hot N Cold"  High-School Musical  50 Cent "Candy Shop"  Miss Teen USA 2007  YouTube Evolution of Dance Video  Break Dance Video




227's MLB-"HomeRun!"  *  227's MLB-"HomeRun!"  *  227's MLB-"HomeRun!" * 227's MLB-"HomeRun!" * 227's MLB-"HomeRun!"
Barry Bonds  Jackie Robinson  Rickey Henderson  Hank Aaron  Willie Mays  Ken Griffey, Jr.  Ozzie Smith  Alex Rodriguez Bob Costas  Tim Raines  Cal Ripken, Jr.  Sandy Koufax  Pete Rose  Lou Gehrig  Babe Ruth  Carl Yastrzemski  Reggie Jackson 1994 Major League Baseball All-Star Game Jim Rice  Joe Torre Ichiro Suzuki Greg Gumbel  Vin Scully 



227's Street Entertainment/Marketing
  *  227's Free Throw Challege  *  227's FAQ!  *  Hoops 227 Club  *  227's Sponsorship Hall of Fame!  *  Boise Polls!  *  Basketball Coupons/Savings  *  Boise Ads for Consumers!  *  Hoops 227 Ad Purchase  *  Sponsorship Opportunities & Money Savings!  *  227's Global Basketball Directory  *  Boise Business Listing!  *  Great Coupons/Savings!  *  227's NBA @ eBay!  *  NBA Bounce!  *  227's YouTube Academic-The Ivy League Universities & Colleges!  *  227's NBA Basketball Logos!  *  227's UtuBe "Iceman George Gervin!  *  227's WNBA Basketball!  *  227's YouTube-Clyde "The Glide" Drexler!  *  eBasketball Assignments!  *  227's eBasketball Class!  *  NBA-MVP Articles!  *  227's YouTuBe NBA!  *  Hoops 227 Phoneraiser!  *  227's Multimedia!  *  Hoops 227 Catalog!  *  227's Video Arcade Games!  *  NBDL Bounce  *  227's Homeless Project!  *  227's Academic Forums for Kids!  *  Book Club 227!  *  227's Collegiate Forum Speeches!  *  Recommend 227's Everything Basketball Website!  *  227's Free School Suppies (Skool Stuff Giveaway)!  *  Hoops 227-Prep Basketball!  *  Hoops 227-Idaho Preps!  *  Join 227's eMail list!  *  227's T-Shirt Entreprenuers  *  Hoops 227 T-Shirts!  *  Basketball Camp Registration!  *  Top NCAA Basketball Teams (Articles of NCAA Basketball)!  *  Jimmy V Foundation  *  Radio Stations  * Yo MurphyNBA All Stars!  *  Wilt Chamberlain  * NBA Basketball (NBA Bounce)!  *  NCAA Basketball (NCAA Bounce)!  *  Boise's Soul Food Extravaganza!  *  Hoops 227-Multimedia  *  Hoops 227 Play Diagrams!  *  227's Spiderman Catalog!  *  227's Spiderman Catalog!  *  227's Spiderman Catalog!  *  "The Hulk" Catalog  *  NCAA Basketball (NCAA Swish)!  *  NBA Jerseys (Throwbacks)!  *  227's NFL-EA Sports!  *  Maryland Basketball  *  Kansas Basketball  *  NCAA Basketball uTuBe!  *  227's uTuBe Chili-Fiction Blogs! 

 

KBSU Radio  *  Boise Stallions Football!  *  KTIK 1350 Radio  *  Miss Idaho Teen USA!  *  Boise Weekly  *  Kristine Sutherland  *  KQFC 98 FM  *  KIZN Kissin' 92.3 FM  *  Boise County!  *  Radio Stations in Idaho!  *  Idaho!  *  Anthony Thomas...Boise State's Great Point Guard!  *  Hyde Park, Boise, Idaho  *  Media in Boise!  *  Boise, Idaho Temple!  *  Boise, Idaho!  *  BSU's Kyle Wilson: Bronco Nagurski Trophy Watch List!  *  Boise Soul Food Extravaganza!  *  St.Luke's Women's Fitness Celebration  *  Jamaal Al-Din to complete B.A. Degree at Boise State University!  *  Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 and The ESPN Coaches Fundraiser!  *  Basketball Camps In Boise/Treasure Valley, Idaho  * Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- 2nd Annual Summer Basketball Camp * 227's KTVB.Com (Idaho's NewsChannel 7) * 227's 2NewsTv.com (KBCI Channel 2 News) * 227's KIVI.com (Channel 6 News) * 227's KTRV.com (Fox 12 News)Helping the Boise Homeless with Interfaith Sanctuary  *  A Meeting with Vincent Kituku!  *  Kidz and Coats at Ogata Chiropractic!  *  Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 Summer Basketball Camp  *  Free T-Shirts!  *  Treasure Valley Homecourt YMCA Gets Showers!  *  The Favorites of our Boise/Meridian/Treasure Valley YMCA  *  The Treasure Valley YMCA Strong Kids Campaign  *  Basketball Camps In Boise/Treasure Valley, Idaho  *  Hoops Basketball Club 227  *  The Treasure Valley YMCA Strong Kids Campaign  *  JAMAAL AL-DIN'S HOOPS 227 and Free T-Shirts!  

New Feature at 227: 227's FameFifteen News!
FameFifteen is a Boise, Idaho based website with news, features and videos on Boise's "Famous" (LOL!) Check it out- FameFifteen!

227's Boise Taters!

Julia Davis Park
  2007 Hawai'i Bowl  Ada County, Idaho  Treasure Valley, Idaho  Idaho City, Idaho  2007 Fiesta Bowl  Borah High School  Taco Bell Arena  Grand Army of the Republic Hall (Boise, Idaho)  Boise State Broncos football seasons  J. W. Robinson  National Interagency Fire Center  The Egyptian Theatre (Boise, Idaho)  2008 Boise State Broncos football  Media in Boise, Idaho  2007 Boise State Broncos football   

Media of Boise...KTVB Idaho's Newschannel 7 with Doug Petcash, Dee Sarton, Maggie O'Mara, Carolyn Holly, Mark Johnson (sports) & Larry Gebert (weather)!  

Media of Boise...KTRV Fox 12 with Shannon Paterson, Shayne Wells, Tami Tremblay, Dan Hamilton, Allison Warren, David Sleater, Christen Buckner, Jennifer Ganzalez, Nate Kuester and Ron O'Brien!

Media of Boise...KIVI Channel 6 with Don Nelson, Michelle Edmonds, Mellisa Paul, Michelle Stark, Lincoln Graves, Shane Johnson, Kelsey Minor, Rebecca Swart, Hanna Naito, Scott Dorval (weather), Joe Hughes and Randy "Makin It Rain" Simon (sports)!
 

Media of Boise...KBCI Channel 2 Eyewitness News with Natalie Hurst, Mike Murad, Adam Rodriguez, Kim Bartlett, Blake McCoy, Scott Logan, Paul Fredericks, Kiersten Throndsen, Nicole Navarro, Callie Zanandrie, Vanessa Brown, Brian Carrington, Jennifer Robbins, Jon Aaron (weather), J Bates and Troy Oppie (sports)!
   

Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos! Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops227: Platinum Sponsor- The Deluxe, located in Boise, Idaho!




Atlantic Stone Products, Inc.


As we look to expand basketball marketing, camps and clinics nationally, our basketball affiliate programs are scheduled to begin in March of 2008. Our affiliates, exciting, take a look at this list: ebay, StubHub.com, Yahoo Affiliate Program!, TickCo Premium Seating, RazorGator Affiliate Program, SightSell, VistaPrint.com, Pokeorder and WeHaveSeats.com. Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 welcomes our affiliate partners for 2008. Among the items offered our NCAA & NBA basketball tickets both premium and discounted rates. Basketball shoes and apparel for kids, fans, players and coaches ranging from Air Jordans, LeBron James, NIKE, Adidas, AND1, hats, collectibles and memoralbilia! Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- The everything basketball website! 



 
 
Jamaal Al-Din
jamaaalj@boise.usa.com
(208) 340-1839Official PayPal Seal



227's You Tube- "Jordan"227's U Tube- "Magic" Johnson *  227's You Tube- Dominique! *  227's U Tube-NBA *  227's YouTube-NBA Dance Teams (Cheerleaders)! *  227's You Tube- And1 *  227's YouTube- Vince Carter! *  227's UTube-Dwight Howard *  227's YouTube-Dunks! 227's You Tube Basketball Training *  227's U Tube-NCAA Basketball Moments! *  227's You Tube Virtual Basketball Clinics 227's YouTube -"Shooting"  

227's NBA-Bounce!


227's Atlanta Hawks-Bounce!
   *   227's Boston Celtics-Bounce!   *  227's Charlotte Hornets-Bounce!  *   227's Chicago Bulls-Bounce!    *   227's Cleveland Cavaliers-Bounce!   *   227's Dallas Mavaricks Bounce!   *   227's Denver Nuggets Bounce!   *   227's Detroit Pistons-Bounce!   *   227's Golden State Warriors-Bounce!   *   227's Houston Rockets-Bounce!   227's Indiana Pacers-Bounce!   *   227's Los Angeles Clippers-Bounce!   *   227's Los Angeles Lakers-Bounce!   *   227's Memphis Grizzlies-Bounce!   *   227's Miami Heat-Bounce!   *   227's Milwaukee Bucks-Bounce!   *   227's Minnesota Timberwolves-Bounce!   *   227's New Jersey Nets-Bounce!   *   227's New Orleans Hornets-Bounce!   *   227's New York Knicks-Bounce!   *   227's Orlando Magic-Bounce!   *   227's Philadelphia 76ers-Bounce!   *   227's Phoenix Suns-Bounce!   *   227's Portland Trail Blazers-Bounce!   *   227's Sacramento Kings-Bounce!  *   227's San Antonio Spurs-Bounce!   *   227's Oklahoma City   *   227's Toronto Raptors Bounce!   *   227's Utah Jazz-Bounce!   *   227's Washington Wizards-Bounce!

Coach Jamaal Al-Din, owner of Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 covers interesting facts, features and news of every team in the NBA including the:

Atlanta Hawks   Boston Celtics    Charlotte Bobcats   Chicago Bulls   Cleveland Cavaliers   Dallas Mavericks   Denver Nuggets   Detroit Pistons   Golden State Warriors   Houston Rockets   Indiana Pacers   Los Angeles Clippers   Los Angeles Lakers   Memphis Grizzlies   Miami Heat   Milwaukee Bucks   Minnesota Timberwolves   New Jersey Nets   New Orleans Hornets   New York Knicks   Orlando Magic   Philadelphia 76ers   Phoenix Suns Tickets   Portland Trail Blazers   Sacramento Kings   San Antonio Spurs   Seattle SuperSonics (OKC)    Toronto Raptors   Utah Jazz   Washington Wizards

NBA Cities and Travel:
Atlanta, GA  *  Boston, MA  *  Charlotte, NC  *  Chicago, IL  *  Cleveland, OH  *  Dallas, TX  *  Denver, CO  *  Detroit, MI  *  Oakland, CA  *  Houston, TX  *  Indianapolis, IN  *  Los Angeles, CA  *  Memphis, TN  * Miami, FL  *  Milwaukee, WI  *  Minneapolis, MN  *  East Rutherford, NJ  *  New Orleans, LA  *  New York, NY  *  Orlando, FL  *  Philadelphia, PA  *  Phoenix, AZ  *  Portland, OR  *  Sacramento, CA  *  San Antonio, TX  *  Oklahoma City, OK  *  Toronto, Canada  *  Salt Lake City, UT  *  Washington, D.C. 

227's Sony PlayStation 2-NBA!  * 227's XBOX-NBA!  *  227's Sony PlayStation 3-NBA!  *  227's XBOX-NBA!  *  227's PlayStation Jam!  *  GameFly PlayStation Video Games-Free Trial!  *  GameFly PS2 & PS3 Video Games-Free Trial!  *  GameCube & Gameboy Video Games-Free Trial!  *  Nintendo 64  *  227's Nintendo Video Games from GameFly!  *  227's Nintendo Series featuring GameCube & Gameboy!  *  Nintendo Wii at 227!  *  227's NFL-EA Sports!  *  227's PlayStation Jam!  *  Nintendo 64  *  Nintendo 64 
Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

Dakota Wizards  *  Sioux Falls Skyforce  *  Iowa Energy Fort Wayne Mad Ants  *  Austin Toros *  Erie Bayhawks  *  Colorado 14ers  *  Tulsa 66ers  *  Albuquerque Thunderbirds  *  Rio Grande Valley Vipers  *  Reno Big Horns  *  Idaho Stampede  *  Los Angeles D-Fenders  *  Bakersfield JamAnaheim Arsenal *  Utah Flash 

New Features at 227:
227's College Campus  *  227's College Campus  *  227's College Campus -Stubhub tickets to college sporting events, and a complete list of colleges and universities in the United States, including Puerto Rico and Canada at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! 227's College Campus
227's NFL FootballStubhub NFL Football tickets, as well as updated NFL news and information at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! 

227's Dallas Cowboys
  *  227's Indianapolis Colts  *  227's Green Bay Packers  *  227's New York Giants  *  227's New England Patriots  *  227's Baltimore Ravens  *  227's Carolina Panthers  *  227's Arizona Cardinals  *  227's Oakland Raiders  *  227's Kansas City Chiefs  *  227's Pittsburgh Steelers  *  227's San Diego Chargers  *  227's Houston Texans  *  227's Tampa Bay Buccaneers  *  227's Chicago Bears  *  227's Buffalo Bills  *  227's Cleveland Browns  *  227's Minnesota Vikings  *  227's Philadelphia Eagles  *  227's St. Louis Rams  *  227's San Francisco 49ers  *  227's Cincinnati Bengals  *  227's Tennessee Titans  *  227's New York Jets  *  227's Miami Dolphins  *  227's New Orleans Saints  *  227's Atlanta Falcons


227's MLB Baseball- Stubhub MLB Baseball tickets, as well as updated MLB Baseball news and information at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website! 

227's New York Yankees
  *  227's Detroit Tigers  *  227's Los Angeles Dodgers  *  227's Chicago Cubs  *  227's Boston Red Sox  *  227's Kansas City Royals  *  227's New York Mets  *  227's Toronto Blue Jays  *  227's Cincinnati Reds  *  227's Seattle Mariners  *  227's Atlanta Braves  *  227's Philadelphia Phillies  *  227's Florida Marlins  *  227's Oakland Athletics  *  227's Pittsburgh Pirates  *  227's Cleveland Indians  *  227's Texas Rangers  *  227's San Diego Padres  *  227's Houston Astros  *  227's San Francisco Giants  *  227's Tampa Bay Rays  *  227's Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim  *  227's Arizona Diamondbacks  *  227's Colorado Rockies  *  227's Minnesota Twins  *  227's St. Louis Cardinals  *  227's Washignton Nationals * 227's Baltimore Orioles * 227's Chicago White Sox  *  227's Montreal Expos  *  227's Milwaukee Brewers

227's Animation Series on YouTube!
  *  227's Animation Videos  *  227's Animation World  * 227's Animation Cartoons  *  227's Animation Kingdom  *  227's Animation Videos  *  227's Animationa Series on YouTube!  *  227's Animation Cartoons


227's LinkTime
- provides navigational links to basketball webpages throught the Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227, everything basketball website!

New at 227:
Star Wars!  DVDs & CDs!  BUCKLE!  FUBU!  Kenneth Cole!  MUDD Jeans!  Levi's!  Sean John!  Perry Ellis!  Roca Wear!  Nike!  Adidas!  Dolce Gabbana!  Eddie Bauer!  Body Glove Water Sports!  Christian Dior!  Joe Boxer!  FILA!  Lacoste!

227's YouTube-Africa
 * 227's YouTube Japan  * 227's YouTube-China * 227's YouTube Canada * 227's YouTube Australia * 227's YouTube France 227's YouTube-Germany * 227's YouTube-Italy * 227's YouTube-Russia * 227's YouTube-United Kingdom 227's YouTube-Mexico 

227's Boise TV Tube!!!   *   227's Boise TV Tube!!!
 
227's uTuBe CHili-UFC "Ultimate Fighting Championship!" Featuring Kimbo Slice, Tito Ortiz, Seth Petruzelli and all of UFC's most exciting fighters! 

227's YouTuBe-"Geo" graphic!  *  227's YouTube-"Geo" graphic!


227's YouTube Chili-Political! Featuring Barack Obama & JohnMcCain


Music Artists at 227's You Tube Chili!!  / 227's U Tube Chilii!  /  227's YouTube- Chiliii!:
YouTuBe "Chili!"
  *  YouTube "Chili!"  *  YouTuBe "Chili!"

227's LinkTime-Chili!!! provides navigational 227 YouTube "Chili!" links to exciting music & entertainment video webpages throught the Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227, everything basketball website!


227's eBay Atlanta Hawks
  *  227's eBay Boston Celtics  *  227's eBay Detroit Pistons  *  227's eBay Cleveland Cavaliers  *  227's eBay Dallas Mavericks  *  227's eBay Denver Nuggets  *  227's eBay Charlotte Bobcats  *  227's eBay Chicago Bulls  *  227's eBay Golden State Warriors  *  227's eBay Houston Rockets  *  227's eBay Indiana Pacers  *  227's eBay Los Angeles Lakers  *  227's eBay Los Angeles Clippers  *  227's eBay Memphis Grizzlies  *  227's eBay Miami Heat  *  227's eBay Milwaukee Bucks  *  227's eBay Minnesota Timberwolves  *  227's eBay New Jersey Nets  *  227's eBay New Orleans Hornets  *  227's eBay New York Knicks  *  227's eBay Portland Trail Blazers  *  227's eBay Orlando Magic  *  227's eBay Philadelphia 76ers  *  227's eBay Phoenix Suns   *  227's eBay Sacramento Kings  *  227's eBay San Antonio Spurs  *  227's eBay Oklahoma City Thunder  *  227's eBay Toronto Raptors  *  227's eBay Utah Jazz  *  227's eBay Washington Wizards

227's "JORDAN"-Cologne!
  *  227's "JORDAN"-Catalog!
227's YouTube-NBA

uTube Basketball California
  *  YouTube Basketball New York  *  u Tube Basketball Texas  *  YouTube Basketball Michigan  *  YouTube Basketball Florida

227's Basketball Topixxx! Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website & home of 227's uTuBe Chili, featuring the world's most watched YouTube music videos!

NBDL (NBA Developement League)

? 227's YouTube "Chili" features these exciting YouTube music and entertainment celebrities...click onto to these 227 YouTube "Chili" links, channels and articles for the most watched YouTube hip-hop music videos in the world!