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227's YouTube "Chili"-Fresno, California From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search "Fresno" redirects here. For other uses, see Fresno (disambiguation). It has been suggested that Pinedale, California be merged into this article or section. (Discuss) Coordinates: 36°44′52″N 119°46′21″W / 36.74778°N 119.7725°W / 36.74778; -119.7725 City of Fresno Flag Seal Location in the state of California Coordinates: 36°44′52″N 119°46′21″W / 36.74778°N 119.7725°W / 36.74778; -119.7725 Country United States State California County Fresno Government - City Council Mayor Ashley Swearengin Blong Xiong Andreas Borgeas Cynthia Sterling Larry Westerlund Mike Dages Lee Brand Henry T Perea - City Manager Andrew T. Souza - City Treasurer / Finance Director Karen M. Bradley, CPA - City Clerk Rebecca E. Klisch Area - City 104.8 sq mi (271.4 km2) - Land 104.4 sq mi (183.3 km2) - Water 0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2) Elevation 296 ft (90 m) Population (2007) - City 500,017 - Density 4,097.9/sq mi (1,582.2/km2) - Metro 1,002,846 Time zone PST (UTC-8) - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7) ZIP code 93650, 93701-93712, 93714-93718, 93720-93730, 93740-93741, 93744-93745, 93747, 93750, 93755, 93760-93761, 93764-93765, 93771-93780, 93784, 93786, 93790-93794, 93844, 93888 Area code(s) 559 FIPS code 06-27000 GNIS feature ID 0277606 Website www.fresno.gov Fresno (pronounced /ˈfrɛzno/) is a city in California, USA, the county seat of Fresno County. As of February 27, 2009, the population was estimated at 500,017, making it the fifth largest city in California and the 36th largest in the nation. Fresno is located in the center of the wide San Joaquin Valley of Central California, approximately 200 miles (322 km) north of Los Angeles and 170 miles (274 km) south of the state capital, Sacramento. The city is part of the Fresno-Clovis metropolitan area, which, with a population of 1,002,046, is the second largest metropolitan area in the Central Valley after Sacramento. The name Fresno is the Spanish language word for the ash tree and an ash leaf is featured on its flag. Contents [hide] 1 Government 1.1 Mayor 1.2 President, Board of Trustees 1.3 City Council 1.4 Courts 1.5 Politics 2 Economy 3 Geography 4 Climate 5 Demographics 6 Education 6.1 Four-year institutions 6.2 Two-year institutions 6.3 Career colleges 6.4 High Schools (Public) 6.5 K-12, Districts 6.6 Private Schools 7 Origins and history 8 Neighborhoods 8.1 Downtown 8.2 Sunnyside 8.3 Old Fig Garden 8.4 Tower District 8.5 Huntington Boulevard 8.6 Van Ness Extension 8.7 The West Side 8.8 Sierra Sky Park 8.9 Unincorporated communities 9 Cultural and commercial attractions 10 Notable residents 11 Media 11.1 Newspapers 11.2 Radio 11.3 Television 12 Sister cities 13 Transportation 13.1 Highways 13.2 Airports 13.3 Rail 13.4 Public transportation 14 See also 15 References 16 External links  Government Fresno has a modified strong-mayor form of local government and seven City Council members (Legislative branch) elected for no more than two 4-year terms. The City council and the mayor are nonpartisan, not affiliated with any political party. Alan Autry was first elected in November 2000, reelected on March 2, 2004, and served until January 2009. Ashley Swearengin was sworn in as Mayor on January 6, 2009.  Mayor See also: List of mayors of Fresno, California 2009-present Ashley Swearengin 2001-2009 Alan Autry 1993-2001 Jim Patterson 1989-1993 Karen Humphrey 1985-1989 Dale Doig 1977-1985 Dan Whitehurst 1969-1977 Ted C. Wills 1965-1969 Floyd H. Hyde 1964-1965 Wallace Henderson (acting) 1958-1964 Arthur L. Selland † 1957-1958 C. Cal YouTube-Fresno - Uma Música
Evans 1949-1957 Gordon D. Dunn 1947 Glenn M. Devore (acting) 1941-1947 Z.S. Leymel † 1937-1941 Frank A. Homan 1929-1937 Z.S. Leymel 1925-1929 A.E. Sunderland 1921-1925 Truman C. Hart 1917-1921 William F. Toomey 1912-1917 Alva E. Snow 1909-1912 Chester Rowell † 1908-1909 Ed. F. Bush (acting) 1905-1908 W. Parker Lyon 1901-1905 L.O. Stephens † Died in office  President, Board of Trustees Prior to 1901, Fresno was governed by a board of trustees. October 27, 1895-1901 C.J. Craycroft April 15, 1889-unknown A.J. Pedlar October 31, 1887-April 15, 1889 A.M. Clark April 25, 1887-October 31, 1887 W.L. Graves October 27, 1885-April 25, 1887 William Faymonville  City Council City council is made up of seven members, elected by district: District 1 (west-central) - Blong Xiong District 2 (northwest) - Andreas Borgeas District 3 (southwest) - Cynthia Sterling (Council President) District 4 (east-central) - Larry Westerlund District 5 (southeast) YouTube-2008 Fresno State Highlights
- Mike Dages District 6 (northeast) - Lee Brand District 7 (central) - Henry T. Perea  Courts The Robert E. Coyle United States Courthouse is the new building housing the Eastern District of California, Fresno Division, Federal Courts. The California Fifth Appellate District Fresno courthouse.Fresno is the county seat of Fresno County. It maintains the main courthouse in the county for criminal and some civil court cases. There is also a satellite court house that was recently built and judges were moved to the new courthouse to help alleviate some of the overcrowding in the main courthouse. The United States District Court, Eastern District of California, has one of its six divisions based in the Robert E. Coyle Courthouse. The new courthouse replaced the outdated B.F. Sisk Federal Building in 2006. The Sisk building did not have enough space for the growing Fresno Division and it is currently undergoing renovation for future use. Fresno is also the seat of the Fifth Appellate District of the State of California Court of Appeal where a new courthouse was build in the old Armenian Town section of downtown Fresno in 2007 across from Selland Arena and the Fresno Convention Center. The Fifth District Court of Appeal Courthouse is named after the distinguished George N. Zenovich, the former Senator and Associate Justice of the Fifth District.  Politics The city of Fresno is closely split between Democrats and Republicans. Mirroring the nationwide vote, George Bush won 48.41% of the vote in 2000 and 51.77% in 2004, while Barack Obama won with 50.0% in 2008. The citizens of Fresno are represented in the California State Senate by Dave Cogdill (R) and Dean Florez (D) and in the California State Assembly by Michael Villines (R) and Juan Arambula (D). Representation in the United States Congress by George Radanovich (R) in (California's 19th congressional district), Jim Costa (D) in (California's 20th congressional district) and Devin Nunes (R) in (California's 21st congressional district).  Economy This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2009) Fresno serves as the economic hub of Fresno County and California's Central Valley. The unincorporated area and rural cities surrounding Fresno remain predominantly tied to large-scale agricultural production. Fresno is unique in that it is home to many business incubators that serve as a resource hub for business entrepreneurs and new companies. Some of these incubators are found at California State University, Fresno. Many of the businesses formed at the incubators have gone on to become internationally known in the business world. Some of the businesses involved range from environmental engineering to fashion designers.  Geography Fresno is located at 36°44′52″N 119°46′21″W / 36.74778°N 119.7725°W / 36.74778; -119.7725. The United States Census Bureau reports Fresno as having a total area of 104.8 square miles (271 km2) with 99.58% land covering 104.4 square miles (270 km2), and .42% water, 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2). Fresno's location, very near the geographical center of California, places the city a comfortable distance from several of the major recreation areas and urban centers in the state. Just 60 mi (97 km) south of Yosemite National Park, it is the nearest major city to the park. Likewise, Sierra National Forest is 40 mi (64 km), Kings Canyon National Park is 60 mi (97 km) and Sequoia National Park is 75 mi (121 km). Because it sits at the junction of Highways 41 and 99 (41 is the park's southern access road, and 99 branches east from Interstate 5 to serve the urban centers of the San Joaquin Valley), the city is a major gateway for visitors coming from Los Angeles. The city also serves as an entrance into Sierra National Forest via highway 168 Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks via Highway 180. Fresno has three large public parks, two located in the city limits and one in county land to the southwest. Woodward Park, which features the Shinzen Japanese Gardens, numerous picnic areas and several miles of trails, is located in North Fresno and is adjacent to the San Joaquin River Parkway. Roeding Park, located near Downtown Fresno, is home to the Chaffee Zoological Gardens, and Rotary Storyland and Playland. Kearney Park is the largest of the Fresno region's park system and is home to historic Kearney Mansion and plays host to the annual Civil War Revisited, the largest reenactment of the Civil War in the west coast of the U.S.  Climate Fresno has relatively mild winters and hot dry summers. Somewhat like a Mediterranean Climate but more like a semi-arid climate December low temperatures average 37.0 °F (2.8 °C) with July high temperatures averaging 100.6 °F (38.1 °C), though summer temperatures can occasionally soar to highs of 112 °F (44 °C) or more. Summers provide considerable sunshine, with July peaking at 97 percent of the total possible sunlight hours; conversely, January is the lowest with only 46 percent of the daylight time in sunlight because of thick tule fog. Average annual precipitation is 11.23 in (28.5 cm); rainfall is concentrated in the winter and spring seasons, with the summers typically being very dry. Most of the wind rose direction occurrences derive from the northwest, as winds are driven downward along the axis of the California Central Valley; in December, January and February there is an increased presence of southeastern wind directions in the wind rose statistics. Fresno meteorology was selected in a national U.S. Environmental Protection Agency study for analysis of equilibrium temperature for use of ten-year meteorological data to represent a warm, dry western United States locale. [hide] Weather averages for Fresno, California Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) 78 (25.6) 84 (28.9) 90 (32.2) 101 (38.3) 110 (43.3) 112 (44.4) 115 (46.1) 113 (45.0) 111 (43.9) 102 (38.9) 89 (31.7) 77 (25.0) 115 (46.1) Average high °F (°C) 54 (12.2) 61 (16.1) 66 (18.9) 74 (23.3) 81 (27.3) 91 (32.8) 97 (36.1) 95 (35.0) 87 (30.7) 76 (24.6) 61 (16.2) 54 (12.1) 75 (24.1) Average low °F (°C) 38 (3.3) 41 (5.0) 45 (7.2) 48 (8.9) 55 (12.8) 61 (16.1) 66 (18.9) 65 (18.3) 60 (15.6) 52 (11.1) 42 (5.6) 37 (2.8) 51 (10.5) Record low °F (°C) 17 (-8.3) 24 (-4.4) 26 (-3.3) 32 (0.0) 36 (2.2) 42 (5.6) 50 (10.0) 49 (9.4) 37 (2.8) 27 (-2.8) 26 (-3.3) 18 (-7.8) 17 (-8.3) Precipitation inches (mm) 2.36 (59.9) 2.16 (54.8) 2.24 (56.9) 0.8 (20.3) 0.39 (9.9) 0.23 (5.8) 0.01 (0.3) 0.01 (0.3) 0.3 (7.6) 0.69 (17.5) 1.18 (29.9) 1.42 (36) 11.23 (285.2) Source: weather.com 2008-03-01 The highest temperature recorded at the Fresno air terminal was 113°F on July 23, 2006; the lowest temperature recorded was 18°F on January 10, 1949, and December 23, 1990. These temperatures have been exceeded at other locations within the city limits. Temperatures reach 90 °F (32 °C) or higher on an average of 106.4 days annually and drop to 32 °F (0 °C) or lower on an average of 21.2 days annually. The wettest year at the airport was 1983 with 21.61 inches and the dryest year was 1966 with 6.07 inches. The most rainfall in one month was 8.56 inches in January 1969 and the most rainfall in 24 hours was 2.38 inches on March 10, 1995. Measurable precipitation falls on an average of 46 days annually. Snow is a rarity; the heaviest snowfall at the airport was 2.2 inches on January 21, 1962.  Demographics Location of the Fresno-Madera CSA and its components: Fresno Metropolitan Statistical Area Madera Metropolitan Statistical AreaFresno Population by year 1880 1,112 1890 10,818 1900 12,470 1910 24,892 1920 45,086 1930 52,513 1940 60,685 1950 91,669 1960 133,929 1970 165,655 1980 217,129 1990 354,202 2000 427,652 2007 486,171 2009 500,017 (As of 2/27/2009) Fresno is the larger principal city of the Fresno-Madera CSA, a Combined Statistical Area that includes the Fresno (Fresno County) and Madera (Madera County) metropolitan areas, which had a combined population of 922,516 at the 2000 census. At the 2005-2007 American Community Survey Estimates the city's population was 56.3% White (34.0% non-Hispanic White alone), 9.2%Black or African American, 2.1% American Indian and Alaska Native, 12.5% Asian, 0.2% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 23.4% from some other race and 3.6% from two or more races. 44.0% of the total population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. As of the census of 2000, there were 427,652 people, 140,079 households, and 97,915 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,097.9 people per square mile (1,582.2/km²). There were 149,025 housing units at an average density of 1,427.9 square miles (3,698 km2). The racial makeup of the city was 50.17% White, 8.36% Black or African American, 1.58% Native American, 11.23% Asian (mostly Hmong), 0.14% Pacific Islander, 23.36% from other races, and 5.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 39.87% of the population. There were 140,079 households out of which 40.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 17.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.57. In the city the population was spread out with 32.9% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $32,236, and the median income for a family was $35,892. Males had a median income of $32,279 versus $26,551 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,010. About 20.5% of families and 26.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.5% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over. The population as of July 1, 2007 was estimated to be 470,508 by the US Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program. The Fresno Metropolitan Statistical Area population was estimated at 899,348.  Education  Four-year institutions Alliant International University (Private) California Christian College (Private/Freewill Baptist) California State University, Fresno Fresno Pacific University (Private/Mennonite Brethren) Maric College - Fresno Mennonite Brethren Biblical Seminary National University of California San Joaquin College of Law (Private) University of California, San Francisco - Fresno Medical Education Program University of Phoenix  Two-year institutions Fresno City College  Career colleges Heald College Institute of Technology San Joaquin Valley College  High Schools (Public) Design Science High School (Fresno, California) Bullard High School Central High School, East Campus Central High School, West Campus Clovis High School Clovis East High School Clovis North High School Clovis West High School Buchanan High School Edison High School Duncan Polytechnical High School Fresno High School Hoover High School McLane High School Roosevelt High School San Joaquin Memorial High School Sunnyside High School University High School Washington Union High School Crescent View Charter High Schools  K-12, Districts Central Unified School District (Public) Clovis Unified School District (Public) Fresno Unified School District (Public) West Fresno Elementary School District (Public)  Private Schools Our Lady of Victory School Fresno Christian Schools Fresno Christian High School Fresno Adventist Academy Carden School Of Fresno St. Helen's Catholic School San Joaquin Memorial High School Sacred Heart School St. Anthony's School Fairmont Private School Acsof Armenian community school of fresno  Origins and history The original inhabitants of the region were the Yokuts. The County of Fresno was formed in 1856. It was named for the abundant mountain ash trees lining the San Joaquin River. Fresno is the Spanish word for white ash trees. The county was much larger than it is today as part of Tulare County, comprising its current area plus all of what became Madera County and parts of what are now San Benito, Kings, Inyo, and Mono counties. Millerton, then on the banks of the free-flowing San Joaquin River and close to Fort Miller, became the county seat after becoming a focal point for settlers. Other early county settlements included Firebaugh's Ferry, Scottsburg and Elkhorn Springs. The San Joaquin River flooded on December 24, 1867, inundating Millerton. Some residents rebuilt, others moved. Flooding also destroyed the town of Scottsburg that winter. Rebuilt on higher ground, Scottsburg was renamed Centerville. In 1867, Anthony Easterby purchased land bounded by the present Chestnut, Belmont, Clovis and California avenues. Unable to grow wheat for lack of water, he hired Moses J. Church in 1871 to build an irrigation canal. Church then formed the Fresno Canal and Irrigation Company, a predecessor of the Fresno Irrigation District. In 1872, the Central Pacific Railroad established a station near Easterby's farm for its new Southern Pacific line. Soon there was a store. Around the station and the store grew the town of Fresno Station, later called Fresno. Many Millerton residents, drawn by the convenience of the railroad and worried about flooding, moved to the new community. Fresno became an incorporated city in 1885. An 1897 photo of K Street High School, which was replaced by Fresno High School in 1896. The school later became Emerson Elementary School and was demolished ca. 1930.Two years after the station was established, county residents voted to move the county seat from Millerton to Fresno. When the Friant Dam was completed in 1944, the site of Millerton became inundated by the waters of Millerton Lake. In extreme droughts, when the reservoir shrinks, ruins of the original county seat can still be observed. In the nineteenth century, with so much wooden construction and in the absence of sophisticated firefighting resources, fires often ravaged American frontier towns. The greatest of Fresno's early-day fires, in 1882, destroyed an entire block of the city. Another devastating blaze struck in 1883. The population of Fresno proper soared in the second half of the 20th century. It entered the ranks of the 100 largest United States cities in 1960 census with a population of 134,000. In the 1990 census it moved up to 47th place with 354,000, and in the census of 2000 it achieved 37th place with 428,000, a 21 percent increase during the preceding decade. The Fresno Municipal Sanitary Landfill was the first modern landfill in the United States, and incorporated several important innovations to waste disposal, including trenching, compacting, and the daily covering of trash with dirt. It was opened in 1937 and closed in 1987. Today, it has the unusual distinction of being a National Historic Landmark as well as a Superfund Site. Before World War II, Fresno had many ethnic neighborhoods, including Little Armenia, German Town, Little Italy, and China Town. During 1942, Pinedale, in what is now North Fresno, was the site of the Pinedale Assembly Center, an interim facility for the relocation of Fresno area Japanese Americans to internment camps. The Fresno Fairgrounds was also utilized as an assembly center. Row crops and orchards gave way to urban development particularly in the period after World War II; this transition was particularly vividly demonstrated in locations such as the Blackstone Avenue corridor. The dance style commonly known as popping evolved in Fresno in the 1970s. Fictional residents of the town were portrayed in a 1986 comedic mini series titled "Fresno", featuring Carol Burnett, Dabney Coleman, Teri Garr and Charles Grodin, along with numerous other celebrities. The mini series was presented as a parody of the prime time soap operas popular in the 1980s. In 1995, the FBI's Operation Rezone sting resulted in several prominent Fresno and Clovis politicians being charged in connection with taking bribes in return for rezoning farmland for housing developments. Before the sting brought a halt to it, housing developers could buy farmland cheaply, pay off council members to have it rezoned, and make a large profit building and selling inexpensive housing. Sixteen people were eventually convicted as a result of the sting.  Neighborhoods  Downtown Fresno County CourthouseThrough the 1990s, downtown was one of the last remaining examples of untouched architecture in California, but it has recently been subjected to a mixed revitalization effort. While many of the buildings that were once abandoned for many years have been remodeled, many have been demolished or are under threat of being demolished to be replaced with new structures. Recently added new structures such as Grizzlies Stadium, now Chukchansi Park and the Federal Courthouse, and plans to eventually erect new high-rise buildings, threaten the unique and increasingly rare twentieth century architecture. A victim of this redevelopment was the Vagabond Hotel, unique in its relevance in popular culture. The Vagabond, which had a pool that was an important location in modern skateboarding history and a prime example of mid-century modern googie "roadside" architecture, was demolished in 2004 and replaced by concrete commercial lots and lofts in 2006. The old Army Induction Center, which was used during the Vietnam War, was also recently destroyed in the next development project on H St and Amador. The historic Fulton Mall and Chinatown are two downtown areas which still retain an exceptional amount of historic buildings and architecture of contextual, associative and memorial value in comparison with other cities of California and the Western United States, and are being considered for preservation as historic districts. Van Ness Arch  Sunnyside One of Fresno's other areas, Sunnyside is located on Fresno's far east side, bounded by Chestnut Avenue to the West.  Old Fig Garden First started as a development known as Forkner-Giffen Fig Garden Estates #1 the now historic community set among mature trees of Old Fig Garden has long been one of Fresno's most prestigious neighborhoods. Fig Garden is an area of approximately 6 sq mi (16 km2), once on the northern fringe of Fresno, but the city has since incorporated all of the surrounding land, making Fig Garden a county "island." The city's annual "Christmas Tree Lane" is found on a section of Van Ness Boulevard during the holiday season.  Tower District Centered around the Historic Tower Theatre , built in 1939 at Olive and Wishon Avenues, just north of downtown Fresno and one-half mile south of Fresno City College. The initial origin of the Tower District began with small shops and services that flocked to the area shortly after World War II, although the area had been a residential neighborhood long before the War. Many parts of the Tower District got their start when the original Fresno Normal School, later to become California State University at Fresno, moved in 1916 to the current site of Fresno City College one-half mile north . This vibrant and culturally diverse area of shops and homes has been restored after a significant decline in the late 1960s and 1970s. The neighborhood started its revival following the re-opening of the Tower Theater in the late 1970s showing second and third run movies along with the opening of Roger Rocka's Dinner Theatre in 1978, also at Olive and Wishon Avenues. Roger Rocka's Dinner Theatre shows various popular broadway style musicals and plays and was started by a former local TV Anchorman and permenantly hosts the Good Company Players Theatre group. Broadway star and Tony award winning actress Audra McDonald played the lead roles for both Evita and The Wiz at Roger Rocka's Dinner Theatre while she was still in High School. The Tower District became a hub for major community events such as Jamaica My Weekend, Mardi Gras in February, Car Shows, A Taste of The Tower, Halloween in the Tower, and the newly opened Farmer's Market on the North-West Corner of Olive and Van Ness. An array of live theatre and shows permeates the Tower District annually. The neighborhood features some of Fresno's best restaurants, live Theatre and nightclubs, as well as many independent shops and bookstores. Currently operating on or near Olive Avenue, and all within a few hundred feet of each other. Moreover, the Tower District has gained a reputation for supporting many locally-owned restaurants and businesses. Today, the Tower District serves as the center of Fresno's LGBT community. The area is also known for its early twentieth century homes, many of which have been lovingly restored. The area includes many California Bungalow and American Craftsman style homes, Spanish Colonial Revival Style architecture, Mediterranean Revival Style architecture, Mission Revival Style architecture, and many Storybook houses designed by Fresno architects, Hilliard, Taylor & Wheeler. These homes stand in stark contrast to the uncontrolled urban sprawl that runs north and east of downtown and attracts a diverse group of residents. Moreover, the Tower District remains one of the few walkable neighborhoods in Fresno.  Huntington Boulevard Homes from the early 20th century line this boulevard in the heart of the historic Alta Vista Tract. The section of Huntington Boulevard between First Street on the west to Cedar Avenue on the east is the home to many large, stately homes. The original development of this area began circa 1910, on 190 acres of what had been an alfalfa field. The Alta Vista Tract, as the land would become known, was mapped by William Stranahan for the Pacific Improvement Corporation, and was officially platted in 1911. The tract's boundaries were Balch Avenue on the south, Cedar Avenue on the east, the rear property line of Platt Avenue (east of Sixth Street) and Platt Avenue (west of Sixth Street) on the north, and First Street on the west. The subdivision was annexed to the City in January 1912, in an election that was the first in which women voted in the community. At the time of its admission to the City, the Alta Vista Tract was uninhabited but landscaped, although the trees had to be watered by tank wagon. In 1914 developers Billings & Meyering acquired the tract, completed street development, provided the last of the necessary municipal improvements including water service, and began marketing the property with fervor. A mere half decade later the tract had 267 homes. This rapid development was no doubt hastened by the Fresno Traction Company right-of-way along Huntington Boulevard, which provided streetcar connections between downtown and the County Hospital. The surrounding streets, Kerckhoff and Balch Avenues (which are part of the original Alta Vista tract), have homes from the Arts and Crafts era which, like the downtown, are being renovated and brought back to their historic roots. During Christmas, the homes along the boulevard are adorned with lights and decorations. The nation's tallest living Christmas Tree, located at Huntington and 6th Street, is the highlight of the event. Huntington Boulevard has been referred to as Fresno's "anti-gated community."  Van Ness Extension North of Shaw Avenue, Van Ness continues as the Van Ness Extension, located between Marks Avenue and West Avenue. The Van Ness Extension could be considered the most prestigious neighborhood in the city, and boasts some of Fresno's most elaborate homes and most affluent citizens. Unfortunately, aside from the occasional mid-century modern home, the area lacks any real architectural significance.  The West Side The "West Side" of Fresno, also often called "Southwest Fresno", is one of the oldest neighborhoods in the city. The neighborhood lies southwest of the 99 freeway (which divides it from Downtown Fresno), west of the 41 freeway and south of Nielsen Ave (or the newly-constructed 180 Freeway), and extends to the city limits to the west and south. While the neighborhood is traditionally considered to be the center of Fresno's African-American community, and is also a diverse neighborhood and includes significant Mexican-American and Asian-American (principally Hmong or Laotian) populations. The neighborhood includes Kearney Boulevard, named after early 20th century entrepreneur and millionaire M. Theo Kearney, which extends from Fresno Street in Southwest Fresno about 20 mi (32 km) west to Kerman, California. A small, two-lane rural road for most of its length, Kearney Boulevard is lined with tall palm trees. The roughly half-mile stretch of Kearney Boulevard between Fresno Street and Thorne Ave was at one time the preferred neighborhood for Fresno's elite African-American families. Another section, Brookhaven, on the southern edge of the West Side south of Jensen and west of Elm, was given the name by the Fresno City Council in an effort to revitalize the neighborhood's image. The isolated subdivision was for years known as the "Dogg Pound" in reference to a local gang, and as of late 2008 was still known for high levels of violent crime. While many homes in the neighborhood date back to the 1930s or before, the neighborhood is also home to several public housing developments built between the 1960s and 1990's by the Fresno Housing Authority. The US Department of Housing and Urban Development has also built small subdivisions of single-family homes in the area for purchase by low-income working families. There have been numerous attempts to revitalize the neighborhood, including the construction of a modern shopping center on the corner of Fresno and B streets, an aborted attempt to build luxury homes and a golf course on the western edge of the neighborhood, and some new section 8 apartments have been built along Church Ave west of Elm St. Cargill Meat Solutions and Foster Farms both have large processing facilities in the neighborhood, and the stench from these (and other small industrial facilities) has long plagued area residents. The Fresno Chandler Executive Airport is also located on the West Side. Due to its position on the edge of the city and years of neglect by developers, is not a true "inner-city" neighborhood, and there are many vacant lots, strawberry fields and vineyards throughout the neighborhood. The neighborhood has very little retail activity, aside from the area near Fresno Street and State Route 99 Freeway (Kearney Palm Shopping Center, built in the late 1990s) and small corner markets scattered throughout.  Sierra Sky Park Formed in 1946, Sierra Sky Park Airport is a residential airport community born of a unique agreement in transportation law to allow personal aircraft and automobiles to share certain roads. Sierra Sky Park was the first aviation community to be built and there are now numerous such communities across the nation of the United States and around the world. Developer William Smilie created the nation's first planned aviation community. Still in operation today, the public use airport provides a unique neighborhood which spawned interest and similar communities nationwide.  Unincorporated communities Calwa Highway City Mayfair Pinedale  Cultural and commercial attractions This section may contain material not appropriate for an encyclopedia. Please discuss this issue on the talk page. (January 2009) This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2009) This section may contain original research or unverified claims. Please improve the article by adding references. See the talk page for details. (January 2009) Arte Américas Arte Américas is a local Latino cultural center. Arte Américas was founded in 1987 by artists and teachers "To make the Central Valley a flourishing place for Latino arts." It presents art exhibits and the performing arts. Artists' Repertory Theatre ART is a local theatre company. Founded in 2005, the group produces two to four plays a year. Fresno County Blossom Trail The 67-mile (108 km) Fresno County Blossom Trail runs through some of the most productive agricultural land in the world. The annual Blossom Trail kickoff comes each February, and motorists and hikers through the farm country can come upon displays of blossoming peach, nectarine, plum, orange, and almond trees in full bloom. Christmas Tree Lane Every December, Van Ness Boulevard between Shields and Shaw Avenue is transformed into a magical Christmas Wonderland. The two miles (3 km) long display includes decorations of some 140 homes and 300 trees.It all started in 1920's when a young girl was going to die and every one lit a candle around her lighting up the town. Fall Wine Cornucopia The only exhibition of all San Joaquin Valley wines, regional art, and gourmet foodstuffs presented to the people of the San Joaquin Valley and beyond. The Fall Wine Cornucopia occurs every October in Downtown Fresno. The San Joaquin Valley produces 60% of all of the wine in California, and much of that production is centered around Fresno. Forestiere Underground Gardens The Forestiere Underground Gardens in northwest Fresno near Highway 99, is a subterranean creation built by Baldasare Forestiere over a period of 40 years. It features nearly one hundred chambers, passageways, courts and patios, dug beneath the hard pan soil. Fruit-bearing trees planted below the ground protrude through openings at ground level. Forestiere resided here, benefiting from cooler temperatures during the high heat of the Central Valley in summer as well as warmer conditions within the ground during winter. The Gardens are an example of non-traditional vernacular architecture. Forestiere's creation and his story offer parallels to Simon Rodia and the Watts Towers, both Italian-immigrants born in 1879, settling in California and creating one-of-a-kind residences by hand and in seclusion. For a fictionalized account of Forestiere and his obsession, see the short story "The Underground Gardens" by T. Coraghessan Boyle, published in The New Yorker, (May 25, 1998). Fresno Arts Council's monthly Art Hop The Fresno Arts Council holds a monthly featuring artists in the Fresno area and is held every first Thursday of the month. One of the biggest art events takes place during the annual Rogue Performance Festival in March. Fresno Art Museum The museum is located in Radio Park, and puts up a rotating series of exhibits. It participates in the monthly Art Hop, and has a variety of film programs, including classic films, anime, and international selections. Fresno Art Museum is also home to Rhythms of Art, a ground-breaking program founded by Fresno composer and jazz pianist Armen Nalbandian, in which music is composed and performed for featured exhibits. Additionally, the museum hosts the Fresno Poets' Association readings in the Bonner Auditorium. Fresno Filmworks Fresno Filmworks brings foreign, art-house, and independent films on the second Friday of each month and in the Spring they hold an Annual Film Festival. All showings are at the historic Tower Theatre. Fresno Grand Opera The Fresno Grand Opera produces internationally-acclaimed opera and world-class concerts. Fresno Metropolitan Museum The Met displays traveling exhibitions, shows from its own collection, lectures and other outreach programming. The museum also has a science center called the Reeves ASK Science Center that was developed in partnership with San Francisco's Exploratorium. The museum's historic home in The Fresno Bee Building is currently closed for renovations, and is scheduled to reopen on November 13, 2008. Until July 6, 2008, the Reeves ASK Science Center has been relocated to 933 Van Ness Avenue in downtown Fresno. The Met participates in Fresno's ArtHop program, and hosts outreach events and fund raisers on an annual basis, including First Friday Films, Christmas at the Met and a science-education based Bubble Festival. Fresno Philharmonic The Fresno Philharmonic, under the baton of music director, Theodore Kuchar, is a non-profit organization whose sustainability depends on contributions from the community. It is the largest professional orchestra between San Francisco and Los Angeles, with its stated mission, to provide high-quality classical music and music education programs to audiences and school children throughout the Central Valley. Fresno Poets' Association The Fresno Poets' Association was founded around 1980 by the poet Chuck Moulton. Initially its purpose was more social than literary; it provided an excuse for local writers to gather once or twice a year for a picnic. When the Bixler brothers opened the Wild Blue Yonder night club in the Tower District, they wanted to host occasional poetry readings, and Chuck Moulton began to promote members of the FPA as readers at the club. Eventually Jacquelin Pilar, the curator of the Fresno Art Museum, also became involved in the FPA, and some of the readings began to be held in the Bonner Auditorium at the Fresno Art Museum. After a change in ownership of the Wild Blue Yonder, the FPA reading series made the Fresno Art Museum its permanent home. Since 1994, the reading series has been directed by the poet C.G. Hanzlicek. Readings take place on the first Thursday of the month in the Bonner Auditorium at the Fresno Art Museum, October through December and February though May. Fresno Reel Pride Fresno Reel Pride is one of the oldest and largest LGBT film festivals in the United States. Now located in the historic Tower Theatre and at the nearby Starline, Reel Pride is a celebration of gay and lesbian cinema and has been recognized as a premiere cultural event in central California. Fresno Reel Pride presents an annual five-day film festival each September in addition to special film screenings throughout the year. Kearney Mansion Museum Located in Kearney Park, Kearney Mansion is one of the most historic sites in the Central Valley for the story that it tells-the integral role that M. Theo Kearney played in the agricultural history of the San Joaquin Valley, and his formation of the California Raisin Growers Association. Meux Home Museum Built in 1889 by Dr. Thomas Richard Meux, this Victorian structure is one of Fresno's oldest and best preserved family homes. It boasts dozens of custom features, including an octagonal master bedroom, a turreted roof and intricate gingerbread ornamentation. Miss California Pageant Every year in June the Miss California Pageant, the official preliminary to Miss America, is held in Fresno. Rogue Festival The Rogue is a non-juried arts festival that celebrates the independent performer and artist. This typically-in-March annual event comprises theater, music, dance, film, performance art, puppetry, spoken word, storytelling, visual arts and more. It has the typical elements of a Fringe Festival... but with a "21st century sensibility". Save Mart Center The Save Mart Center is a newer professional-level indoor arena (cap:16,000) completed in 2003, located at the Shaw Avenue and Hwy 168 interchange in NE Fresno. It has hosted a wide range of music acts, from The Rolling Stones to The Who to Madonna, as well as a huge variety of other events. It is currently the home of the Fresno State Men's & Women's Basketball teams. Warnors Theatre Warnors Theatre is a historic theatre located in Downtown Fresno. Opened in 1928 the theatre was designed by B. Marcus Priteca. It is on the National Register of Historic Places. The theatre has a pipe organ which was used primarily for silent movies during the era. Sports Club Sport Founded League Venue Fresno Grizzlies Baseball 1998 Pacific Coast League Chukchansi Park Central Valley Coyotes Arena Football 2002 af2 Selland Arena Fresno Fuego Soccer 2003 USL Premier Development League Chukchansi Park  Notable residents Jenifer Alcorn - Retired female professional boxer Jeff Atmajian - Hollywood orchestrator Phil Austin - Writer; actor; The Firesign Theatre comedy troupe Alan Autry - Actor; former mayor of Fresno Ross Bagdasarian, Sr. - Actor; singer; musician Robert Beltran - Actor, Star Trek Voyager Laura Berg - Olympic gold medalist softball player Deborah Blum - Fresno Bee Pulitzer Prize winner Frenchy Bordagaray - Baseball player Bruce Bowen - NBA player, San Antonio Spurs Gregory "Pappy" Boyington - World War II ace, retired in Fresno Johnny Boyd - AAA and USAC Champ Car driver Ernie C - Musician/Guitarist for Ice T's rock group Body Count Ron Catalano Musician Frank Chance - Baseball Hall of Famer Cher - Singer; actress; Fresno High School alumna Mike Connors, aka Krekor Ohanian - Actor, Mannix Victor Conte - BALCO founder Young Corbett III - Professional boxer Jim Costa - U.S. House of Representatives Ron Cox - Former NFL player Tyrone Culver - Miami Dolphins NFL player Ktrij Devejian - Armenian Apostolic Church Press Secretary; formerly of Fresno Trent Dilfer - Former San Francisco 49ers quarterback Henry Ellard - Former Los Angeles Rams wide receiver Johnny Estrada - MLB player Andrew Rodriguez- Comedian; Actor; Navy Hospital Corpsman William Everson - Poet Kevin Federline - Dancer; "rapper"; ex-husband of Britney Spears Andy Finch - US Olympic snowboarding team Tom Flores - Hispanic-American quarterback, Oakland Raiders coach Mac Foster - Professional boxer Mark Gardner - MLB pitcher Matt Garza - MLB pitcher Matt Giordano - Indianapolis Colts NFL safety Bill Glasson - PGA Tour golfer Tom Goodwin - Former MLB player Christopher Gorham - Actor Kenny Guinn - Former Governor of Nevada Sid Haig - Actor Brandon Hancock - USC fullback; fitness expert Victor Davis Hanson - Scholar; historian; author David Harris - Vietnam War draft resistance leader Steve Hosey - Former MLB player Pat Howell - Football player Rex Hudler - Former MLB player Chris Jefferies - Basketball player Adam Jennings - Atlanta Falcons NFL player Bill Jones - Former California secretary of state Bobby Jones - Former MLB pitcher Gary Jules - Singer Robert Kendrick - Tennis player Kirk Kerkorian - Billionaire businessman Joanna Kerns - Actress from Growing Pains Richard Kiel - Actor Jordan Knight - Musician Josh Koscheck - Mixed Martial Artist; Ultimate Fighting Championship Daryle Lamonica - Former Oakland Raiders quarterback. Claude "Pop" Laval - Photographer; historian Steven Anthony Lawrence - Actor Philip Levine - Poet Larry Levis - Poet Brook Lopez - New Jersey Nets NBA Basketball player Robin Lopez - Phoenix Suns NBA Basketball player Hector Lizarraga - Former IBF boxer Ricky Manning, Jr. - Chicago Bears NFL player J. P. Manoux - Actor Richard Marshall - Carolina Panthers NFL player Bob Mathias - Olympic Gold Medal Decathlete; U.S. congressman Marcus McCauley - Minnesota Vikings NFL Player Kevin F. McCready - contributor to anti-psychiatry movement Audra McDonald - Actress; singer Tim McDonald - Former Arizona Cardinals and San Francisco 49ers NFL Player Barry McGuire - Rock/folk singer; songwriter Barbara Morgan - Astronaut; educator Armen Nalbandian - Musician, Composer Lorenzo Neal - Oakland Raiders NFL fullback Matthew Olivares- State Champion Powerlifter Carson Palmer - Cincinnati Bengals NFL quarterback Sam Peckinpah - writer; director Planet Asia - Rapper Christopher Pacheco - Former NFL player, Los Angeles Rams Chuck Poochigian - California state senator Keith Poole - NFL player, New Orleans Saints James Porteous - Inventor Lu'kas Porter - Human rights activist Phil Roman - Animator, founder of Film Roman Les Richter - NFL player Chester Harvey Rowell - Journalist, Lincoln-Roosevelt League co-founder Aaron Ruell - Actor; Director Johnny Russell - Singer; songwriter Satinder Sandhu - human rights activist William Saroyan - Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright; novelist Gary Scelzi - NHRA champion Tom Seaver - Hall of Fame baseball pitcher Juan Serrano - Flamenco guitarist David Seville, aka Ross Bagdasarian - songwriter; recording artist Frank Hamilton Short - lawyer, Conservation movement Clifton Smith - NFL running back, Tampa Bay Buccaneers Dennis Springer - Former MLB pitcher Gary Soto - Author; poet DeShawn Stevenson - NBA player Randy Stumpfhauser - BMX Pro and 4x World Champion William A Sutherland - Lawyer, author, politician Jerry Tarkanian - Former NCAA basketball head coach Brian Turner - Poet Billy Volek - Current NFL Quarterback Bill Vukovich - Two-time Indianapolis 500 winner Heidi Watney - Boston Red Sox Reporter for NESN Nick Watney - PGA Tour golfer Marcus Wesson - Convicted of filicide Del Webb - Real estate developer, former owner of New York Yankees Flex Wheeler - IFBB Professional Bodybuilder Randy Williams - Olympic Gold Medalist in the Long Jump Ickey Woods - Former Cincinnati Bengals fullback Steve Yarbrough - Writer Charle Young- Former NFL All Pro Tight End Steve Zaillian - Screenwriter Warren Zevon - Musician  Media  Newspapers The Fresno Bee The Community Alliance The Undercurrent The Business Journal (Fresno) The Charger The Collegian The Vantage  Radio 88.1 KFCF is Fresno's Pacifica station, and one of Fresno's few non-commercial, non-corporate radio stations. KMJ was Fresno's first radio station; it began broadcasting in 1922. Over the years its powerful 50,000-watt signal could clearly be heard throughout much of California. Here are the Fresno radio stations currently broadcasting: FM Stations 103.1 KAAT 96.7 KALZ 95.3 KBHH 94.9 KBOS 88.1 KFCF 90.3 KFNO 104.1 KFRR 90.7 KFSR 102.7 KHGE 95.7 KJFX 99.3 KJWL 105.5 KJZN 105.1 KKBZ 107.9 KLLE 91.1 KLVY 100.3 KMAK 97.9 KMGV 105.9 KMJ 107.1 KHIT 100.5 KMQA 94.3 KOKO 92.1 KOND 101.9 KOQO 107.5 KRDA 103.7 KRZR 97.1 KSEQ 91.5 KSJV 93.7 KSKS 98.9 KSOF 106.3 KVPW 89.3 KVPR 101.1 KWYE 88.9 KDUV AM Stations 1680 KAVT 900 KBIF 1340 KCBL 980 KEYQ 1430 KFIG 790 KFPT 1600 KGST 1250 KHOT 1510 KIRV 580 KMJ 1210 KQEQ 1060 KTNS 940 KWRU 1550 KXEX 1300 KYNO  Television To avoid interference with existing VHF television stations in the San Francisco Bay Area and those planned for Chico, Sacramento, Salinas, and Stockton, the FCC decided that Fresno would only have UHF television stations. The very first Fresno television station to begin broadcasting was KMJ-TV, now known as KSEE, Channel 24, which began broadcasting on June 1, 1953. Here are the Fresno television stations currently on the air: 16 KHSC HSN 18 KVPT PBS 21 KFTV Univision 24 KSEE NBC 26 KMPH Fox 30 KFSN ABC 32 KJEO-LP America One 33 KSDI-LP The Sportsman Channel 39 KMSG Azteca America 43 KGMC IND 47 KGPE CBS 49 KNXT EWTN 51 KNSO Telemundo 53 KAIL My Network TV 59 KFRE The CW 61 KTFF Telefutura  Sister cities Fresno has eight sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI). Kochi, Japan Lahore, Pakistan Mashhad, Iran Morogoro, Tanzania Münster, Germany Taraz, Kazakhstan Torreón, Mexico Verona, Italy Catubig, Samar, Philippines Bongabong, Oriental Mindoro, Philippines  Transportation  Highways Fresno is served by a main north/south freeway State Route 99. Other highways include the State Route 168 (Sierra Freeway), which is an east-west bound freeway that leads to the city of Clovis and Huntington Lake, State Route 41 (Yosemite Freeway/Eisenhower Freeway) that comes into Fresno from the south via Atascadero, and State Route 180 (Kings Canyon Freeway) that comes from the west via Mendota and from the east in Kings Canyon National Park. Fresno is the largest U.S. city not directly linked to an Interstate highway. Perhaps in light of this, but probably more because of increasing traffic on Interstate 5 on the west side of the Central Valley, much discussion has been made to upgrade SR 99 to interstate standards and, eventually, incorporate it into the interstate system, most likely as Interstate 9. Major improvements to signage, lane width, median separation, vertical clearance, and other concerns are currently underway.  Airports Fresno Yosemite International Airport (FAT)/(FYI), until recently "Fresno Air Terminal", provides regularly scheduled commercial airline service. The airport serves an estimated 1.3 million passengers annually to domestic and two international destinations. Fresno Chandler Executive Airport (FCH) is located 2 mi (3.2 km) southwest of Downtown Fresno. Built in the 1920s, it is one of the oldest operational airports in California. The airport currently serves as a general aviation airport. Sierra Sky Park Airport, located in Northwest Fresno, is a privately owned airport, but is open to the public. The airport was America's first aviation community. Extra-wide streets surrounding the airport allow for residents of the community to land, taxi down extra-wide avenues, and park in the driveway at home.  Rail Passenger rail service is provided by Amtrak San Joaquins. The main passenger rail station is the recently renovated historic Santa Fe Railroad Depot located in Downtown Fresno. The Bakersfield-Stockton mainlines of the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway and Union Pacific Railroad railroads cross in Fresno, and both railroads maintain railyards within the city; the San Joaquin Valley Railroad also operates former Southern Pacific branchlines heading west and south out of the city.  Public transportation Public transit is provided by the Fresno Area Express. It consists entirely on buses serving the greater Fresno metropolitan area. Intercity and long-distance bus service is provided by Greyhound and Orange Belt Stages. The city once provided trolley service during the late 19th and early 20th century. Known as the Fresno City Railway Company and later the Fresno Traction Company, the service operated horse-drawn streetcars from 1887 to 1901. Electric streetcars were introduced in 1903. The electric streetcars were used until 1939.  See also Fresno Police Department Fresno County Library Japanese American internment For a long list of [Fresnans] who have been first to win major awards of all types, see the Fresno Bee article: "Fresno First Pulitzer Pursuits," Sunday, February 28, 1988.  References ^ "Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2007 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007 (SUB-EST2007-01)". US Census Bureau, Population Division. 2008-07-10. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2007-01.csv. Retrieved on 2008-12-03. ^ a b "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007". US Census Bureau, Population Division. 2008-03-27. http://www.census.gov/popest/metro/tables/2007/CBSA-EST2007-01.csv. Retrieved on 2008-12-03. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. ^ (.xls) E-1 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties and the State with Annual Percent Change — January 1, 2007 and 2008. California Department of Finance. May 1, 2009. http://www.dof.ca.gov/research/demographic/reports/estimates/e-1/2008-09/documents/E-1%202009%20Internet%20Version.xls. Retrieved on 2009-05-01. ^ "2000 election results" (PDF). http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/sov/2000_general/ssov/pol_dis.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-02-28. ^ "2004 election results"" (PDF). http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/sov/2004_general/ssov/pres_general_ssov_all.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-02-28. ^ USGS GNIS: Fresno, California ^ "Civil War Revisited Wraps Up". ABC30.com. October 10, 2005. http://abclocal.go.com/kfsn/story?section=local&id=3522714. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. ^ "The Civil War Revisited". Fresno Historical Society. http://www.civilwarrevisited.com/index.html. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. ^ "Fresno, California Climate Summary". RSS Feeds World Weather. http://www.rssweather.com/climate/California/Fresno/. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. ^ "Fresno, California Wind Direction Diagram". Causes of Haze Assessment. 2002. http://www.coha.dri.edu/web/state_analysis/California/KingsCanyonNP_metsfcwind_fresno.html. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. ^ Hogan, C. Michael; Patmore, Leda C.;Harry Seidman (August 1973). Statistical Prediction of Dynamic Thermal Equilibrium Temperatures using Standard Meteorological Data Bases. EPA-660/2-73-003. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. http://cave.epa.gov/cgi/nph-bwcgis/BASIS/ncat/dba/ncat/DDW?M=145&W=DATETAG++%3D++1060217. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. ^ http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ca3257 ^ METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01. ^ COMBINED STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENT CORE BASED STATISTICAL AREAS, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ADPTable?_bm=y&-context=adp&-qr_name=ACS_2007_3YR_G00_DP3YR5&-ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_G00_&-tree_id=3307&-redoLog=true&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=16000US0627000&-format=&-_lang=en ^ "Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2007 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007" (CSV). 2007 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2008-07-10. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2007-01.csv. Retrieved on 2008-12-01. ^ [http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0027/tab19.txt U.S. Census Bureau, Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 TO 1990] ^ Kevin Enns-Rempel; John Edward Powell. "Fresno Sanitary Landfill (1937)". HistoricFresno.org. http://historicfresno.org/nrhp/landfill.htm. Retrieved on 2007-04-23. ^ "Pinedale Assembly Center, California". U.s. National Parks Service. http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/anthropology74/ce16e.htm. Retrieved on 2007-04-23. ^ Holman, Michael (October 1984). "History". Breaking and the New York City Breakers. Freundlich Books. ISBN 0-88191-016-3. ^ Jim Boren (December 12, 2002). "Lessons learned from Rezone can't be forgotten". The Fresno Bee. http://www.fresnobee.com/columnists/boren/story/5599730p-6576567c.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-23. ^ building # 92001276 on the national register of historic places  ^ http://www.tower2000.com/history/index.html ^  ^ http://www.fresnobee.com/907/story/699204.html ^ "The Front-Door Fliers". Time Magazine. December 10, 1965. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,898437,00.html. Retrieved on 2007-01-22. ^ "Fulton Berry's Street: From Street Cars To No Cars At All, Almost". Fresno Historical Society. http://www.valleyhistory.org/PandP/fultonstreet.html. Retrieved on 2007-06-06. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fresnans  External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Fresno, California City of Fresno Official website City of Fresno Developer's Guide for Downtown Housing Guide to Historic Architecture in Fresno, California at FresnoHistory.org Fresno Arts Council Fresno City and County Historical Society Fresno Convention & Visitor Bureau Greater Fresno Area Chamber of Commerce Central Valley Independent Media Center The Community Alliance newspaper The Fresno Bee Web Site Fresno Jobs Community Board Fresno Wiki Fresno Undercurrent Website [show]v • d • eMunicipalities and communities of Fresno County, California County seat: Fresno Cities Clovis | Coalinga | Firebaugh | Fowler | Fresno | Huron | Kerman | Kingsburg | Mendota | Orange Cove | Parlier | Reedley | San Joaquin | Sanger | Selma CDPs Auberry | Biola | Bowles | Calwa | Cantua Creek | Caruthers | Del Rey | Easton | Friant | Lanare | Laton | Raisin City | Riverdale | Shaver Lake | Squaw Valley | Tranquillity Unincorporated communities Alder Springs | Arbios | Avocado | Balch Camp | Barstow | Benito | Big Bunch | Big Creek | Biola Junction | Bretz Mill | Broadview Farms | Burness | Burrel | Calflax | Camden | Cameo | Camp Sierra | Cecile | Cedar Crest | Cedar Grove | Cedarbrook | Cella | Centerville | Chaney Ranch | Cincotta | Clint | Clotho | Conejo | Crabtree | Cromir | Deer Crossing | Dinkey Creek | Dora Belle | Dunlap | Edmiston | Elk | Elm View | Etheda Springs | Fig Garden | Figarden | Five Points | Floyd | Giffen Cantua Ranch | Glorietta | Goldleaf | Goodmill | Gordon | Gravesboro | Helm | Herndon | Highway City | Hoffman Point | Hub | Hume | Hume Station | Humphreys Station | Huntington Lake | Ingle | Ivesta | Jamesan | Kanawyers | La Jolla Ranch | Lacjac | Lakeshore | Lerona | Levis | Locans | Lone Star | Malaga | Marshall Junction | Mathews Mill | Mattei | Meadow Lakes | Mercey Hot Springs | Miley | Minkler | Miramonte | Monmouth | Mono Hot Springs | Murietta Farm | Muscatel | Navelencia | New Auberry | Ockenden | Old Bretz Mill | Oleander | Ora | Oro Loma | Oxalis | Panoche Junction | Parkfield Junction | Piedra | Pilibos Ranch | Pinedale | Pinehurst | Pineridge | Prather | Pratton | Raco | Riverbend | Rock Haven | Rodgers Crossing | Rolinda | Sawmill Flat | Schilling | Shaver Lake Heights | Sierra Cedars | Sierra Sky Park | Snow Bend | Sunnyside | Tarpey | Tarpey Village | Three Rocks | Tollhouse | Trimmer | Turk | Uva | Vanguard | Wahtoke | West Park | Westhaven | Westside | Wildflower | Wineland | Wolf | Wood Ranch | Zediker Ghost towns Andrews | Barton | Bender | Bridge | Bronge | Butler | Cadogan | Caldwell | Carlile | Carmelita | Coalinga Mineral Springs | Collins | Darwin | Dathol | Deseret | Dickerson | El Prado | Elkhorn Station | Eshel | Everts | Fargo | Fort Camp | Fresno Beach | Fresno City | Fruitvale | Granz | Hawthorne's Station | Hayes | Kelso | Kingriver | Kingston | Last | Leroy | Letcher | Lillis | Marshall Station | McKenzie Spring | McMullin | Mendota Station | Mountain Rest | Nares | Nevills | Oakhurst | Oleander | Peteras Mill | Pinedale | Pool's Ferry | Pool's Fort | Portal | Pueblo de las Juntas | Rancho de los Californios | Reka | Riverview | Robinson | Rogers | Rugg | Sanders | Sentinel | Sharpville | Shaver | Shipp | Smith's Ferry | Sparkville | Tarn | Temperance | Thermal | Tisechu | Vanris | Vino | Warsaw [show]v • d • eSan Joaquin Valley Counties Fresno · Kern · Kings · Madera · Merced · San Joaquin · Stanislaus · Tulare Major cities Fresno · Bakersfield · Stockton Cities and towns 100k-250k Modesto · Visalia Cities and towns 25k-99k Ceres · Clovis · Corcoran · Delano · East Bakersfield · Hanford · Lodi · Los Banos · Madera · Manteca · Merced · Oakdale · Oildale · Reedley · Ripon · Tracy · Tulare · Turlock Cities and towns 10k-25k Arvin · Atwater · Avenal · Chowchilla · Coalinga · Dinuba · Kerman · Kingsburg · Lamont · Lathrop · Lemoore · Lindsay · Livingstone · Parlier · Patterson · Porterville · Riverbank · Sanger · Selma · Shafter · Wasco [show]v • d • eCalifornia county seats Consolidated city-county San Francisco Cities Alturas | Auburn | Bakersfield | Colusa | Crescent City | El Centro | Eureka | Fairfield | Fresno | Hanford | Hollister | Jackson | Lakeport | Los Angeles | Madera | Mariposa | Martinez | Marysville | Merced | Modesto | Napa | Nevada City | Oakland | Oroville | Placerville | Red Bluff | Redding | Redwood City | Riverside | Sacramento | Salinas | San Bernardino | San Diego | San Jose | San Luis Obispo | San Rafael | Santa Ana | Santa Barbara | Santa Cruz | Santa Rosa | Sonora | Stockton | Susanville | Ukiah | Ventura | Visalia | Willows | Woodland | Yreka | Yuba City CDPs and communities Bridgeport | Downieville | Independence | Markleeville | Quincy | San Andreas | Weaverville [show]v • d • e State of California Sacramento (capital) Topics Climate · Culture · Demographics · Districts · Economy · Elections · Geography · Government · History · Politics · Californians · Visitor attractions · Index of California-related articles Regions Antelope Valley · Big Sur · Cascade Range · Central Coast · Central Valley · Channel Islands · Coachella Valley · Conejo Valley · Cucamonga Valley · Death Valley · Desert · East Bay (SF) · Eastern California · Emerald Triangle · Gold Country · Great Basin · Greater Los Angeles · Inland Empire · Inner Los Angeles Area · Lake Tahoe · Los Angeles Basin · Lost Coast · Mojave · North Bay (SF) · North Coast · Northern California · Owens Valley · Oxnard Plain · San Francisco Peninsula · Pomona Valley · Sacramento Valley · San Bernardino Valley · San Fernando Valley · San Francisco Bay Area · San Gabriel Valley · San Joaquin Valley · Santa Clara Valley · Santa Clara River Valley · Santa Clarita Valley · Shasta Cascade · Sierra Nevada · Silicon Valley · South Bay (SF) · Southern California · Tri-Valley · Upstate California · Victor Valley · Wine Country · Yosemite · List of protected areas within California Metro areas Bakersfield · Chico · El Centro · Fresno · Hanford–Corcoran · Los Angeles–Long Beach–Glendale · Madera · Modesto · Merced · Napa · Oakland–Fremont–Hayward · Oxnard–Thousand Oaks–Ventura · Redding · Riverside–San Bernardino–Ontario · Sacramento–Arden-Arcade–Roseville · Salinas · San Diego–Carlsbad–San Marcos · San Francisco–San Mateo–Redwood City · San Jose–Sunnyvale–Santa Clara · San Luis Obispo–Paso Robles · Santa Ana–Anaheim–Irvine · Santa Barbara–Santa Maria–Goleta · Santa Cruz–Watsonville· Santa Rosa–Petaluma · Stockton · Vallejo–Fairfield · Visalia–Porterville · Yuba City Micro areas Bishop · Clearlake · Crescent City · Eureka–Arcata–Fortuna · Phoenix Lake-Cedar Ridge · Red Bluff · Susanville · Truckee–Grass Valley · Ukiah Counties Alameda · Alpine · Amador · Butte · Calaveras · Colusa · Contra Costa · Del Norte · El Dorado · Fresno · Glenn · Humboldt · Imperial · Inyo · Kern · Kings · Lake · Lassen · Los Angeles · Madera · Marin · Mariposa · Mendocino · Merced · Modoc · Mono · Monterey · Napa · Nevada · Orange · Placer · Plumas · Riverside · Sacramento · San Benito · San Bernardino · San Diego · San Francisco · San Joaquin · San Luis Obispo · San Mateo · Santa Barbara · Santa Clara · Santa Cruz · Shasta · Sierra · Siskiyou · Solano · Sonoma · Stanislaus · Sutter · Tehama · Trinity · Tulare · Tuolumne · Ventura · Yolo · Yuba [show]v • d • e50 most populous cities of the United States New York City Los Angeles Chicago Houston Phoenix Philadelphia San Antonio Dallas San Diego San Jose Detroit San Francisco Jacksonville Indianapolis Austin Columbus Fort Worth Charlotte Memphis Baltimore El Paso Boston Milwaukee Denver Seattle Nashville Washington Las Vegas Portland Louisville Oklahoma City Tucson Atlanta Albuquerque Fresno Sacramento Long Beach Mesa Kansas City Omaha Cleveland Virginia Beach Miami Oakland Raleigh Tulsa Minneapolis Colorado Springs Honolulu Arlington [show]v • d • eMayors of cities with populations of 100,000 in California Antonio Villaraigosa (Los Angeles) Jerry Sanders (San Diego) Chuck Reed (San Jose) Gavin Newsom (San Francisco) Ashley Swearengin (Fresno) Kevin Johnson (Sacramento) Bob Foster (Long Beach) Ron Dellums (Oakland) Miguel A. Pulido (Santa Ana) Curt Pringle (Anaheim) Harvey Hall (Bakersfield) Ronald O. Loveridge (Riverside) Ann Johnston (Stockton) Cheryl Cox (Chula Vista) Sukhee Kang (Irvine) Jim Ridenour (Modesto) Bob Wasserman (Fremont) Pat Morris (San Bernardino) John Drayman (Glendale) Keith Bohr (Huntington Beach)^ William H. Batey II (Moreno Valley)^ Thomas E. Holden (Oxnard) Mark Nuaimi (Fontana) Paul S. Leon (Ontario) Donald Kurth (Rancho Cucamonga) Jim Wood (Oceanside) Bob Kellar (Santa Clarita)^ William Dalton (Garden Grove) Susan Gorin (Santa Rosa)^ Elliot Rothman (Pomona) Steve Nolan (Corona)^ R. Rex Parris (Lancaster) Dennis Donohue (Salinas) James C. Ledford Jr. (Palmdale) Bill Bogaard (Pasadena) Michael Sweeney (Hayward) Frank Scotto (Torrance) Lori Holt Pfeiler (Escondido) Carolyn Cavecche (Orange) Pat Hume (Elk Grove) Tony Spitaleri (Sunnyvale) Sharon Quirk (Fullerton)^ Jacqui Irwin (Thousand Oaks)^ Ernest Gutierrez (El Monte) William D. Shinn (Concord)^ Jesus Gamboa (Visalia) Paul Miller (Simi Valley) Osby Davis (Vallejo) Roosevelt F. Dorn (Inglewood) Gina Garbolino (Roseville) Rudy Cabriales (Victorville) Patricia M. Mahan (Santa Clara) Eric R. Bever (Costa Mesa)^ Rick Trejo (Downey)^ Roger Hernandez (West Covina)^ Christy Weir (Ventura) Harry T. Price (Fairfield) Jesse M. Luera (Norwalk) David Golonski (Burbank) Gayle McLaughlin (Richmond) Gonzalo "Sal" Torres (Daly City) Tom Bates (Berkeley) Jim Davis (Antioch) ^Mayor selected from city council Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fresno,_California" Categories: Fresno, California | Fresno County, California | Cities in California | County seats in California | Settlements established in the 1870s
227's YouTube "Chili" - STOMP THE YARD (BLACK COLLEGE STEP SHOW MOVIE) Starring Columbus Short, Meagan Good, Ne-Yo, Darrin Henson, Chris Brown, Brian White, Las Alonso, Valerie Pettiford & Harry Lennix (NBA Mix)!
Beyonce * Maxwell * Mario ft. Gucci Mane & sean Garrett * Drake ft. Lil Wayne * Ginuwine * Fabolous Featuring The-Dream * Keyshia Cole Duet With Monica * Jay-Z, Rihanna & Kanye West * Gucci Mane Featuring Plies * Mary Mary Featuring Kierra "KiKi" Sheard * Ice Cream Paint Job * Pleasure P * Mariah Carey * Trey Songz * Trey Songz Featuring Gucci Mane & Soulja Boy Tell'em * R. Kelly Featuring Keri Hilson * K'Jon * Young Money * Twista Featuring Erika Shevon * Yo Gotti * New Boyz * Jeremih * Keri Hilson Featuring Kanye West & Ne-Yo * Musiq Soulchild * Whitney Houston * Anthony Hamilton * Charlie Wilson * Chrisette Michele * Jamie Foxx Featuring T-Pain * Plies * LeToya Featuring Ludacris * Mary J. Blige Featuring Drake * Mullage * Charlie Wilson * Jamie Foxx Featuring Drake, Kanye West + The-Dream * Jamie Foxx Featuring Drake, Kanye West + The-Dream * Jeremih * Mishon * Jennifer Hudson * Clipse Featuring Pharrell Williams * Kid Cudi Featuring Kanye West & Common * Raphael Saadiq Featuring Stevie Wonder & CJ * Anthony Hamilton Featuring David Banner * Jazmine Sullivan * Trey Songz Featuring Drake * F.L.Y. (Fast Life Yungstaz) * Laura Izibor
Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Chili")!
Beyonce * Shakira * Jordin Sparks * Mariah Carey * New Boyz * Jason DeRulo * Mario ft. Gucci Mane & Sean Garrett * Katy Perry * The Black Eyed Peas * Colby Caillat * Fabolous ft. The Dream * Jason Aldean * Daughtry * Lady Gaga * Michael Franti & Spearhead Featuring Cherine Anderson * Boys Like Girls * Flo Rida Featuring Ne-Yo * Dorrough * Green Day * Linkin Park * Pink * Justin Bieber * Rob Thomas * Maxwell * Jason Mraz * Young Money * The Fray * Rascal Flatts * Zac Brown Band * Shinedown * Disney's Friends For Change * Toby Keith * Darius Rucker * Cascada * Billy Currington * Justin Moore * Kid Cudi Featuring Kanye West & Common * Keith Urban * Randy Houser * Drake Featuring Lil Wayne * Jeremih * Pearl Jam * Kelly Clarkson * George Strait * LMFAO * Twista Featuring Erika Shevon * Uncle Kracker * Eric Church * Jack Ingram * Love And Theft * Parachute * Chris Young * Theory Of A Deadman * Tim McGraw * Sean Paul * Gloriana * Creed * Ginuwine * Keyshia Cole Duet With Monica * Blake Shelton * Iyaz
2009 NCAA Basketball Tournament! List of NCAA Division 1 Teams & Coaches at 227!
America East Conference Albany - Will Brown Binghamton - Kevin Broadus Boston University - Dennis Wolff Hartford - Dan Leibovitz Maine - Ted Woodward New Hampshire - Bill Herrion Stony Brook - Steve Pikiell UMBC - Randy Monroe Vermont - Mike Lonergan 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! America East Conference
Atlantic 10 Conference Charlotte - Bobby Lutz Dayton - Brian Gregory Duquesne - Ron Everhart Fordham - Dereck Whittenburg George Washington - Karl Hobbs La Salle - John Giannini Rhode Island - Jim Baron Richmond - Chris Mooney St. Bonaventure - Mark Schmidt Saint Joseph's - Phil Martelli Saint Louis - Rick Majerus Temple - Fran Dunphy UMass - Derek Kellogg Xavier - Sean Miller 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic 10 Conference
Atlantic Coast Conference Boston College - Al Skinner Clemson - Oliver Purnell Duke - Mike Krzyzewski Florida State - Leonard Hamilton Georgia Tech - Paul Hewitt Maryland - Gary Williams Miami (Florida) - Frank Haith North Carolina - Roy Williams North Carolina State - Sidney Lowe Virginia - Dave Leitao Virginia Tech - Seth Greenberg Wake Forest - Dino Gaudio 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic Coast Conference
Atlantic Sun Conference Belmont - Rick Byrd Campbell - Robbie Laing East Tennessee State - Murry Bartow Florida Gulf Coast - Dave Balza Jacksonville - Cliff Warren Kennesaw State - Tony Ingle Lipscomb - Scott Sanderson Mercer - Bob Hoffman North Florida - Matt Kilcullen Stetson - Derek Waugh USC Upstate - Eddie Payne 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic Sun Conference
Big 12 Conference Baylor - Scott Drew Colorado - Jeff Bzdelik Iowa State - Greg McDermott Kansas - Bill Self Kansas State - Frank Martin Missouri - Mike Anderson Nebraska - Doc Sadler Oklahoma - Jeff Capel III Oklahoma State - Travis Ford Texas - Rick Barnes Texas A&M - Mark Turgeon Texas Tech - Pat Knight 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big 12 Conference
Big East Conference Cincinnati - Mick Cronin Connecticut - Jim Calhoun DePaul - Jerry Wainwright Georgetown - John Thompson III Louisville - Rick Pitino Marquette - Buzz Williams Notre Dame - Mike Brey Pittsburgh - Jamie Dixon Providence - Keno Davis Rutgers - Fred Hill St. John's - Norm Roberts Seton Hall - Bobby Gonzalez South Florida - Stan Heath Syracuse - Jim Boeheim Villanova - Jay Wright West Virginia - Bobby Huggins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big East Conference
Big Sky Conference Eastern Washington - Kirk Earlywine Idaho State - Joe O'Brien Montana - Wayne Tinkle Montana State - Brad Huse Northern Arizona - Mike Adras Northern Colorado - Tad Boyle Portland State - Ken Bone Sacramento State - Brian Katz Weber State - Randy Rahe 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big Sky Conference
Big South Conference Charleston Southern - Barclay Radebaugh Coastal Carolina - Cliff Ellis Gardner-Webb - Rick Scruggs High Point - Bart Lundy Liberty - Ritchie McKay Presbyterian - Gregg Nibert Radford - Brad Greenberg UNC-Asheville - Eddie Biedenbach VMI - Duggar Baucom Winthrop - Randy Peele 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big South Conference
Big Ten Conference Illinois - Bruce Weber Indiana - Tom Crean Iowa - Todd Lickliter Michigan - John Beilein Michigan State - Tom Izzo Minnesota - Tubby Smith Northwestern - Bill Carmody Ohio State - Thad Matta Penn State - Ed DeChellis Purdue - Matt Painter Wisconsin - Bo Ryan 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big Ten Conference
Big West Conference Cal Poly - Kevin Bromley Cal State Fullerton - Bob Burton Cal State Northridge - Bobby Braswell Long Beach State - Dan Monson Pacific - Bob Thomason UC Davis - Gary Stewart UC Irvine - Pat Douglass UC Riverside - Jim Wooldridge UC Santa Barbara - Bob Williams 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big West Conference
Colonial Athletic Association Delaware - Monte Ross Drexel - Bruiser Flint George Mason - Jim Larranaga Georgia State - Rod Barnes Hofstra - Tom Pecora James Madison - Matt Brady Northeastern - Bill Coen Old Dominion - Blaine Taylor Towson - Pat Kennedy UNC-Wilmington - Benny Moss Virginia Commonwealth - Anthony Grant William & Mary - Tony Shaver 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Colonial Athletic Association
Conference USA East Carolina - Mack McCarthy Houston - Tom Penders Marshall - Donnie Jones Memphis - John Calipari Rice - Ben Braun Southern Methodist - Matt Doherty Southern Mississippi - Larry Eustachy Tulane - Dave Dickerson Tulsa - Doug Wojcik UAB - Mike Davis UCF - Kirk Speraw UTEP - Tony Barbee 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Conference USA
Horizon League - Butler - Brad Stevens Cleveland State - Gary Waters Detroit - Ray McCallum Loyola (Chicago) - Jim Whitesell UIC - Jimmy Collins UW-Green Bay - Tod Kowalczyk UW-Milwaukee - Rob Jeter Valparaiso - Homer Drew Wright State - Brad Brownell Youngstown State - Jerry Slocum 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Horizon League
Independents Bryant - Tim O'Shea Cal State Bakersfield - Keith Brown Chicago State - Benjy Taylor Houston Baptist - Ron Cottrell Longwood - Mike Gillian New Jersey Institute of Technology - Jim Engles North Carolina Central - Henry Dickerson Savannah State - Horace Broadnax SIU-Edwardsville - Lennox Forrester Texas-Pan American - Tom Schuberth Utah Valley - Dick Hunsaker 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! NCAA Division I independent schools (basketball)
Ivy League Brown - Jesse Agel Columbia - Joe Jones Cornell - Steve Donahue Dartmouth - Terry Dunn Harvard - Tommy Amaker Penn - Glen Miller Princeton - Sydney Johnson Yale - James Jones 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Ivy League
Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference Canisius - Tom Parrotta Fairfield - Ed Cooley Iona - Kevin Willard Loyola (Maryland) - Jimmy Patsos Manhattan - Barry Rohrssen Marist - Chuck Martin Niagara - Joe Mihalich Rider - Tommy Dempsey St. Peter's - John Dunne Siena - Fran McCaffery 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-American Conference
Mid-American Conference Akron – Keith Dambrot Ball State – Billy Taylor Bowling Green – Louis Orr Buffalo – Reggie Witherspoon Central Michigan – Ernie Ziegler Eastern Michigan – Charles Ramsey Kent State – Geno Ford Miami – Charlie Coles Northern Illinois – Ricardo Patton Ohio – John Groce Toledo – Gene Cross Western Michigan – Steve Hawkins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-American Conference
Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference Bethune-Cookman - Clifford Reed Coppin State - Ron Mitchell Delaware State - Greg Jackson Florida A&M - Mike Gillespie Hampton - Kevin Nickelberry Howard - Gil Jackson Maryland-Eastern Shore - Meredith Smith Morgan State - Todd Bozeman Norfolk State - Anthony Evans North Carolina A&T - Jerry Eaves South Carolina State - Tim Carter Winston-Salem State - Bobby Collins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference
Missouri Valley Conference Bradley - Jim Les Creighton - Dana Altman Drake - Mark Phelps Evansville - Marty Simmons Illinois State - Tim Jankovich Indiana State - Kevin McKenna Missouri State - Cuonzo Martin Northern Iowa - Ben Jacobson Southern Illinois - Chris Lowery Wichita State - Gregg Marshall 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Missouri Valley Conference
Mountain West Conference Air Force - Jeff Reynolds Brigham Young - Dave Rose Colorado State - Tim Miles New Mexico - Steve Alford San Diego State - Steve Fisher Texas Christian - Neil Dougherty UNLV - Lon Kruger Utah - Jim Boylen Wyoming - Heath Schroyer 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mountain West Conference
Northeast Conference Central Connecticut State - Howie Dickenman Fairleigh Dickinson - Tom Green LIU-Brooklyn - Jim Ferry Monmouth - Dave Calloway Mount St. Mary's - Milan Brown Quinnipiac - Tom Moore Robert Morris - Mike Rice Jr. Sacred Heart - Dave Bike St. Francis (PA) - Don Friday St. Francis (NY) - Brian Nash Wagner - Mike Deane 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Northeast Conference
Ohio Valley Conference Austin Peay - Dave Loos Eastern Illinois - Mike Miller Eastern Kentucky - Jeff Neubauer Jacksonville State - James Green Morehead State - Donnie Tyndall Murray State - Billy Kennedy Southeast Missouri - Zac Roman Tennessee-Martin - Bret Campbell Tennessee State - Cy Alexander Tennessee Tech - Mike Sutton 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Ohio Valley Conference
Pacific-10 Conference Arizona - Russ Pennell Arizona State - Herb Sendek California - Mike Montgomery Oregon - Ernie Kent Oregon State - Craig Robinson Stanford - Johnny Dawkins UCLA - Ben Howland USC - Tim Floyd Washington - Lorenzo Romar Washington State - Tony Bennett 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Pacific-10 Conference
Patriot League American - Jeff Jones Army - Jim Crews Bucknell - Dave Paulsen Colgate - Emmett Davis Holy Cross - Ralph Willard Lafayette - Fran O'Hanlon Lehigh - Brett Reed Navy - Billy Lange 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Patriot League
Southeastern Conference Alabama - Philip Pearson Arkansas - John Pelphrey Auburn - Jeff Lebo Florida - Billy Donovan Georgia - Pete Herrmann Kentucky - Billy Gillispie LSU - Trent Johnson Mississippi - Andy Kennedy Mississippi State - Rick Stansbury South Carolina - Darrin Horn Tennessee - Bruce Pearl Vanderbilt - Kevin Stallings 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southeastern Conference
Southern Conference Appalachian State - Houston Fancher Chattanooga - John Shulman The Citadel - Ed Conroy College of Charleston - Bobby Cremins Davidson - Bob McKillop Elon - Ernie Nestor Furman - Jeff Jackson Georgia Southern - Jeff Price Samford - Jimmy Tillette UNC-Greensboro - Mike Dement Western Carolina - Larry Hunter Wofford - Mike Young 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southern Conference
Southland Conference Central Arkansas - Rand Chappell Lamar - Steve Roccaforte McNeese State - Dave Simmons Nicholls State - J. P. Piper Northwestern State - Mike McConathy Sam Houston State - Bob Marlin Southeastern Louisiana - Jim Yarbrough Stephen F. Austin - Danny Kaspar Texas A&M-Corpus Christi - Perry Clark Texas-Arlington - Scott Cross Texas-San Antonio - Brooks Thompson Texas State - Doug Davalos 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southland Conference
Southwestern Athletic Conference Alabama A&M - L. Vann Pettaway Alabama State - Lewis Jackson Alcorn State - Samuel West Arkansas-Pine Bluff - George Ivory Grambling State - Larry Wright Jackson State - Tevester Anderson Mississippi Valley State - Sean Woods Prairie View A&M - Byron Rimm II Southern - Rob Spivery Texas Southern - Tony Harvey 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southwestern Athletic Conference
The Summit League Centenary - Greg Gary IPFW - Dane Fife IUPUI - Ron Hunter North Dakota State - Saul Phillips Oakland - Greg Kampe Oral Roberts - Scott Sutton South Dakota State - Scott Nagy Southern Utah - Roger Reid UMKC - Matt Brown Western Illinois - Derek Thomas 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! The Summit League
Sun Belt Conference Arkansas-Little Rock - Steve Shields Arkansas State - Dickey Nutt Denver - Joe Scott Florida Atlantic - Mike Jarvis Florida International - Sergio Rouco Louisiana-Lafayette - Robert Lee Louisiana-Monroe - Orlando Early Middle Tennessee - Kermit Davis New Orleans - Joe Pasternack North Texas - Johnny Jones South Alabama - Ronnie Arrow Troy - Don Maestri Western Kentucky - Ken McDonald 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Sun Belt Conference
West Coast Conference Gonzaga - Mark Few Loyola Marymount - Rodney Tention Pepperdine - Vance Walberg Portland - Eric Reveno Saint Mary's - Randy Bennett San Diego - Bill Grier San Francisco - Rex Walters Santa Clara - Kerry Keating 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! West Coast Conference
Western Athletic Conference Boise State - Greg Graham Fresno State - Steve Cleveland Hawai?i - Bob Nash Idaho - Don Verlin Louisiana Tech - Kerry Rupp Nevada - Mark Fox New Mexico State - Marvin Menzies San Jose State - George Nessman Utah State - Stew Morrill 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Western Athletic Conference
2Pac 50 Cent A Adam Tensta Akon Aaliyah Ashanti Andre 3000 B Bow Wow Bobby Valentino Beyonce Bone Thugs n Harmony Birdman (rapper) Busta Rhymes Bobby Fischer C Chris Brown Cherish Cassidy Chingy Chamillionaire Christina Milian Chrisette Michele Cashis Ciara Cypress Hill Calzone Mafia Cuban Link D Destiny's Child DJ Clue Demetri Montaque Danity Kane Day 26 Donnie D12 DJ Khaled Dr. Dre E E-40 Eminem Eazy-E F Fabolous Flo Rida Fat Joe Frankie J G G-Unit The Game H Hurricane Chris I Ice Cube J Jay-Z J.R. Rotem J Holiday Jordan Sparks K Kanye West Kelly Rowland keri hilson The Kreators L Lil' Kim Lil' Mo Lil Jon Lil Mama Lloyd Banks Lil Wayne Ludacris Lloyd Lil Mama Lil Eazy-E Leona lewis M MC Hammer Mike Shorey MF Doom Mariah Carey Mario Mary J. Blige N Ne-Yo Nate Dogg Niia N.W.A. Notorious B.I.G. Nas Nick Cannon Nelly Necro O Olivia Omarion Obie Trice Old Dirty Bastard P Public Enemy Plies P Diddy pink Pharcyde Q R Red Cafe Run DMC Ray J R Kelly Rihanna Rick Ross (rapper) S Sean Combs Sean Kingston Snoop Dogg Stargate Sean Garrett Suge Knight Soulja Boy Tell 'Em Stat Quo shakira T The Notorious B.I.G. Tupac Shakur Trina Tyrese T-Pain Three 6 Mafia T.I. Too Phat U Usher V V.I.C. W Warren G Wyclef Jean Wu Tang Clan will.i.am X Xzibit Y Young Jeezy Yung Berg Z
Michael Jackson Bing Crosby U.S. The Beatles AC/DC ABBA Alla Bee Gees Bob Marley Celine Dion Cliff Richard The Drifters Elton John Herbert von Karajan Julio Iglesias Led Zeppelin Madonna Mariah Carey Elvis Presley Nana Mouskouri Pink Floyd The Rolling Stones Tino Rossi Wei Wei
Adriano Celentano Aerosmith Backstreet Boys Barry White Billy Joel Bon Jovi Boney M. The Carpenters Charles Aznavour Cher Chicago Dave Clark Five David Bowie Deep Purple Depeche Mode Dire Straits Dolly Parton The Eagles Electric Engelbert Humperdinck Fats Domino Fleetwood Mac The Four Seasons Frank Sinatra Garth Brooks Genesis George Michael Guns N' Roses James Last The Jackson 5 Janet Jackson Johnny Hallyday Kenny Rogers Lionel Richie Luciano Pavarotti Metallica Michiya Mihashi Mireille Mathieu Modern Talking Neil Diamond Olivia Newton-John Patti Page Paul McCartney Perry Como Pet Shop Boys Phil Collins Prince Queen Ricky Nelson Roberto Carlos Rod Stewart Salvatore Adamo Status Quo Stevie Wonder Teresa Teng Tina Turner Tom Jones U2 Valeriya The Ventures Whitney Houston The Who
Annie Lennox B'z Britney Spears Carlos Santana Dalida Earth, Wind & Fire Eddy Arnold Eminem Eurythmics Gloria Estefan Hibari Misora Journey Scorpions Van Halen Ace of Base Alan Jackson Country Alice Cooper Hard rock Andrea Bocelli Opera The Andrews Sisters Swing Ayumi Hamasaki Pop Black Sabbath Heavy metal Barbra Streisand Pop / Adult contemporary Beach Boys Rock Pop Bob Dylan Folk / Rock Bob Seger Rock Boston Arena rock Boyz II Men R&B Bruce Springsteen Rock Bryan Adams Def Leppard Destiny's Child R&B / Pop Dreams Come True Pop / Jazz Duran Duran Enya Ireland Four Tops George Strait Glay Iron Maiden Jay-Z Hip hop Jean Michel Jarre Jethro Tull Johnny Cash Kazuhiro Moriuchi Kiss Hard rock Kenny G Kylie Minogue Luis Miguel Linkin Park Meat Loaf Michael Bolton Mills Brothers Mötley Crüe Mr.Children Nat King Cole New Kids on the Block Nirvana 'N Sync Oasis Orhan Gencebay Pearl Jam Petula Clark Red Hot Chili Peppers The Police Ray Conniff Reba McEntire R.E.M. Richard Clayderman Ricky Martin Robbie Williams Roxette Sweden Shakira Colombia
The Seekers Australia Spice Girls Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers Tony Bennett T.Rex UB40 Vicente Fernandez Village People Willie Nelson
Jamaal Al-Din, a native of Grand Rapids, Michigan and former leading scorer of Olympic Basketball and LSU great, Ed Palubinskas brings to you Michigan State University's and the NBA's Earvin "Magic" Johnson at 227's YouTube "MAGIC!" provided by Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227-the everything basketball website, featuring YouTube Videos and Wikipedia information on the legendary Earvin "Magic" Johnson, The Magic Johnson Foundation, Magic Johnson Enterprises, and everything including the magical phrase..."MAGIC!" 227's YouTube "MAGIC!"
As we look to expand basketball marketing, camps and clinics nationally, our basketball affiliate programs are scheduled to begin in March of 2008. Our affiliates, exciting, take a look at this list: ebay, StubHub.com, Yahoo Affiliate Program!, TickCo Premium Seating, RazorGator Affiliate Program, SightSell, VistaPrint.com, Pokeorder and WeHaveSeats.com. Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 welcomes our affiliate partners for 2008. Among the items offered our NCAA & NBA basketball tickets both premium and discounted rates. Basketball shoes and apparel for kids, fans, players and coaches ranging from Air Jordans, LeBron James, NIKE, Adidas, AND1, hats, collectibles and memoralbilia! Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- The everything basketball website!
?227's YouTube "Chili" features these exciting YouTube music and entertainment celebrities...click onto to these 227 YouTube "Chili" links, channels and articles for the most watched YouTube hip-hop music videos in the world!
Sean Kingston, Justin Timberlake, M.I.A'"Paper Planes!" , Timbaland, 50 Cent, P-Diddy, Kanye West. Rihanna, Chris Brown, T.I.-"Big Things Poppin!" , Rihanna- Hate That I Love You (over 29 million views on YouTube)!, Leona Lewis, Soulja Boy, Britney Spears, Alicia Keys, Avril Lavigne, Alicia Keys- No One, Akon, NE-YO, LL Cool J, Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, Dmx, Jay-z, The Notorious B.I.G, 2PAC, Will Smith, Jonas Brothers, Pink "So What!" , Jordin Sparks feta. Chris Brown- "No Air" Official Music Video-over 33 million views on YouTube!), Lil Jon- get low music movie, Ludacris, Ice Cube, Flo Rida feat. T.Pain Music from the Movie Step Up 2 "Low," Chris Brown*Chris Brown feat. T.Pain- Kiss Kiss (over 51 million views on YouTube)!, Chris Brown-"With You," Chris Brown feat. Lil' Wayne (over 56 million views on YouTube!, Chris Brown "YO," Chris Brown-Run It, Chris Brown- Forever, Wu Tang Clan, The Fugees, Jordin Sparks-Tattoo, Rhianna- Cry, Rihanna- unfaithful, Rhianna- Umbrella (over 43 million views on YouTube/You Tube)!, Ashanti, Fergie Fergalicious, Fergie- Clumsy!, Rhianna- Dont' Stop The Music (over 62 million views on YouTube), Avril Lavign- Girlfriend (over 92 million views on YouTube)!, Clay Aiken, Akon, Christina Aguilera-Hurt, Clay Aiken-On My Way Here, All-American Rejects, All-American Rejects-Move Along, All-American Rejects-It Ends Tonight, Ashley Parker Angel, Michael Jackson ("Thriller"), Backstreet Boys, Augustana, Natasha Bedingfeild, Michael Jackson, Natasha Bedingfield feat. Sean Kingston-Love Like This, Natasha Bedingfield-Pocketful of Sunshine and lots more at 227's YouTube Chili!!! Your source for the world's most watched YouTube Music Videos at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!
Also: Jesse McCartney, Ray J,Usher,Elliott Yamin,Jonas Brothers,Fergie,Taylor Swift, Nelly Furtado, Jennifer Lopez, Flyleaf,Maroon 5,Kanye West,Keyshia Cole, The Pussycat Dolls,Colby O'Donis,Ashanti,R. Kelly,Girlicious, Colbi Calliat, Boy George,Mario,Three Days Grace,Beyonce', Gorillaz,Carrie Underwood,3 Doors Down,Finger Eleven, Ginuwine,Baby Bash,Kid Rock,Joe, Gwen Steffani, Billy Ray Cyrus, Danity Kane, Janel Parrish, Ciara, NLT, Fall Out Boy, Josh Turner, Fantasia and more!