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Sesame Street From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the television show. For the fictional neighborhood it takes place in, see Sesame Street, New York, New York. Sesame Street Sesame Street title card since 2007, taken from Episode 4135 (2007). Genre Children's television series Created by Joan Ganz Cooney and her Sesame Workshop staff Developed by Cooney, Connell, Gibbon, Lesser, Palmer, Robinson, Schone, Stone, White. Peripherally Henson Starring Alison Bartlett-O'Reilly, Desiree Casado, Emilio Delgado, Olamide Faison, Bill Irwin, Christopher Knowings, Loretta Long, Sonia Manzano, Bob McGrath, Alan Muraoka, Roscoe Orman with Caroll Spinney, Pam Arciero, Fran Brill, Leslie Carrara-Rudolph, Kevin Clash, Stephanie D'Abruzzo, Eric Jacobson, Joey Mazzarino, Jerry Nelson, Carmen Osbahr, Frank Oz, Martin P. Robinson, David Rudman, Steve Whitmire Theme music composer Joe Raposo Opening theme "Sesame Street Theme"Country of origin United States Language(s) English No. of seasons 39 No. of episodes 4,186 Production Executive producer(s) Carol-Lynn Parente Co-executive producer(s) Kevin Clash Producer(s) Tim Carter, Melissa Dino, Crystal Whaley Supervising producer(s) April Chadderdon Story editor(s) Lou Berger, Judy Freudberg Editor(s) Selbern Narby, John Tierny, Chris Reinhart Location(s) Kaufman Astoria Studios Queens, Manhattan, New York, New York Cinematography Frank Biondo Camera setup Multi-camera Running time 54 min Broadcast Original channel NET (1969-1970) PBS (1970-present) Picture format 480i SDTV HDTV (2008-) Audio format Mono / Stereo Original run November 10, 1969 – present Chronology Related shows Play With Me Sesame, Open Sesame, Elmo's World, co-productions External links Official website IMDb profile TV.com summary This article may be too long to comfortably read and navigate. Please consider splitting content into sub-articles and using this article for a summary of the key points of the subject. Sesame Street is an American educational children's television series and a pioneer of the contemporary educational television standard, combining both education and entertainment. Sesame Street is well known for its Muppet characters created by Jim Henson. It premiered on November 10, 1969, and is the longest running children's program on American television. The show is produced in the United States by the non-profit organization Sesame Workshop, formerly known as the Children's Television Workshop (CTW), founded by Joan Ganz Cooney and Ralph Rogers. As a result of its positive influence, Sesame Street is one of the most highly regarded, and most watched, educational shows for children in the world. The original series has been televised in more than 120 countries, and 25 independent versions have been produced. The show has been called "perhaps the most vigorously researched, vetted, and fretted-over program". As of 2006, the series has received 109 Emmy Awards, more than any other television series. An estimated 77 million Americans watched the series as children. Sesame Street uses combinations of animation, puppets, and live actors to stimulate young children's minds, improve their letter and word recognition, basic arithmetic, geometric forms, classification, simple problem solving, and socialization by showing children or people in their everyday lives. Since the show's inception, other instructional goals have been basic life skills, such as how to cross the street safely, proper hygiene, healthy eating habits, and social skills. The show displays a subtle sense of humor that has appealed to older viewers since it first premiered; this was devised as a means to encourage parents and older siblings to watch the series with younger children, thus becoming involved in the learning process, rather
than having Sesame Street act as a babysitter. Recent studies, the most recent released in November 2008, found Sesame Street to be among the most educational programs on the air. A number of parodies of popular culture appear, especially ones aimed at the Public Broadcasting Service, the network that broadcasts the show. The series has made many published lists, including greatest all-time show compilations by TV Guide and Entertainment Weekly. A 1996 survey found that 95% of American preschoolers have watched the show by the time they are three years old. Contents [hide] 1 Beginnings 2 Format 2.1 Healthy Habits for Life 3 Production 3.1 Research department 3.2 Writing process 3.3 Filming locations 4 Music 5 Cast information 6 Characters 6.1 The Muppets 6.2 Other characters 7 Crew 8 Reception 8.1 Ratings 8.2 Criticism 8.3 Rumors and urban legends 9 Media information 9.1 Broadcast history 9.2 Spin-offs 9.3 Videos and specials 9.4 Feature films 9.5 Merchandising and endorsement 9.6 International co-productions 9.7 Funding 9.8 Web site 10 Notes 11 References 12 See also 13 External links  Beginnings See also: History of Sesame Street In the late 1960s, the use of television as an educational tool was "unproven" and "a revolutionary concept". The Carnegie Institute hired Joan Ganz Cooney to conduct a study of children's television in the US in 1966, and how the medium could be used as an aid in the education of inner-city preschool children. Cooney proposed that public television could help young children, especially from low-income families, learn and prepare for school. She understood that children watch a great deal of television before beginning school, so she suggested using the medium's "most engaging traits", including its high production values, sophisticated writing, and quality film and animation, to reach the largest audience possible. Cooney also wanted to create a children's television program that would spread prolearning values to nonviewers (including their parents) and that would affect them for many years after they stopped watching it.  As a result of Cooney's initial proposal, the Carnegie Institute awarded her an $8 million grant to create, in collaboration with Carnegie Institute vice-president Lloyd Morrisette, a new children's television program and establish the Children’s Television Workshop (CTW) in 1968. Cooney began to assemble a team of producers: Jon Stone, Dave Connell and Sam Gibbon. Five three-day curriculum planning seminars, led by Harvard University professor Gerald S. Lesser, were conducted in Boston. The seminars also began Jim Henson's involvement in Sesame Street. The new show was called the "Preschool Educational Television Show" in promotional materials. The producers and writers could not come up with a name they liked "up until the last moment". They finally settled upon the name they least disliked: Sesame Street, although they initially feared that it would be too difficult for young children to pronounce.  Format From A Celebration of Me, Grover, showing much of the main cast of Sesame Street. Left to right, a penguin, Elmo, Big Bird, Zoe (in front of Big Bird), Grover, Bert, Ernie, Cookie Monster (behind Ernie).During the production of Sesame Street's first season, the producers created five one-hour episodes, for the purpose of testing if they were comprehensible and appealing to children.
They were never intended for broadcast. Instead, they were presented to preschoolers in 60 homes throughout Philadelphia in July 1969. The results were "generally very positive", but they found that although children paid attention to the shows during the Muppet segments, they lost the children's interest during the "Street" segments. The producers had followed the advice of child psychologists who, concerned that children would be misled, recommended that they never show the human actors and Muppets together. As a result, the appeal of the test episodes were lower than they preferred. Since the Street scenes were what Palmer referred to "the glue" and the segments that "pulled the show together", the producers knew that they needed to make significant changes. Lesser called their decision to defy the recommendations of their advisers "a turning point in the history of Sesame Street". The producers went back and reshot the Street segments; Henson and his coworkers created Muppets that could interact with the human actors, specifically "two of Sesame Street's most enduring Muppets: Oscar the Grouch and Big Bird". These test episodes were directly responsible for what writer Malcolm Gladwell calls "the essence of Sesame Street--the artful blend of fluffy monsters and earnest adults". The show's format called for the humans to be intermixed with the segments of animation, live-action shorts and Muppets. These segments were created to be like commercials—quick, catchy and memorable—and made the learning experience much more like fun. The format became a model for what is known today as edutainment-based programming. Since season 33, a variety of miniature programs have come and gone from Sesame Street, inspired by the immense popularity of Elmo's World, which debuted in 1998. Unlike previous recurring sketches, such as Monsterpiece Theatre and Sesame Street News Flash, these segments were in every episode of at least one season, though some appeared sporadically before or after their primary run. Previous miniature programs were Journey to Ernie, Global Grover, Healthy Habits for Life, Hero Guy, The Letter of the Day, Monster Clubhouse, The Number of the Day, The Spanish Word of the Day, and The Adventures of Trash Gordon. The current regular segments of the show are Murray Has a Little Lamb, Bert & Ernie's Great Adventures, and Word on the Street. Elmo's World was created by producers, after it was identified that the average age of Sesame Street viewers was heading downwards. Created with 3-year-olds in mind, the segment brought a predictable regularity to the show, which ran contrary to its normal, varied assortment of segments. Because of its predictability, length, and young target audience, the segment has been derided by some critics and older fans, despite its success. The segment's low-skewing age was decided on after producers found the show was attracting that age bracket, even though it wasn't intended for it.  Healthy Habits for Life In 2005, Sesame Street launched its Healthy Habits for Life programming, to encourage young viewers to lead more active and nutritious lifestyles. A major catalyst for this was data published by the US Centers for Disease Control regarding obesity in children. Health content has existed on Sesame Street for years, but to a limited extent. In one instance press kits for a project were made available, news wires latched onto the story, and many major newspapers incorrectly reported that Cookie Monster was "going on a diet." In actuality there was no change to Cookie Monster's character. The new season featured a new segment with musician Wyclef Jean singing the praises of fruits and vegetables, similar to segments in the 1990s which featured Cookie doing nearly the same. According to people from Sesame Workshop, “ Health has always been a part of our Sesame Street curriculum, therefore we will always be committed to ensuring kids are given information and messages that will help them become healthy and happy in their development. For season 36, we have turned up the dial in health, but it will always be part of our curriculum. ” The Workshop formed an Advisory Board consisting of experts such as Woodie Kessel, M.D., M.P.H., the Assistant Surgeon General of the United States. This board examines the research of other organizations, and also conducts pilot studies to determine which areas of research should be expanded, based on social, ethnic and socio-economic sections of the population. Characters Elmo and Rosita filmed public service announcements with various U.S. Governors in 2006.  Production  Research department Sesame Street was one of the first kids television series devoted to promoting the arts. The art of Keith Haring, filmmaking of William Wegman and his Weimaraner dogs, Big Bird conducting the Boston Pops, or simply Telly Monster playing a triangle.Sesame Street has operated with a rigorous research standard since its foundation, to ensure that programming addresses its viewers' needs. The Education and Research (E&R) department of Sesame Workshop, which started with Sam Ball, then employed at Teachers College Columbia University and editor of the Journal of Educational Psychology. E&R is currently headed by Rosemarie T. Truglio, Ph.D. and Jeanette
Betancourt, Ed. D. Truglio states that the level of interaction between E&R, Content, and Production is "intimately hand-in-hand. They are not creating anything without our knowledge, our guidance and our review. We are involved in content development across all media platforms." This close-knit organizational structure has been an integral part of Sesame Workshop since it began. Research is funded by government grants, corporate and private donations (including, recently, The Prudential Foundation for the Sesame Beginnings program), and the profits gained from the sale of Sesame Workshop merchandise.  Writing process The following is a summary of the writing process used as of 2008. The writing process for the season begins with a couple of rounds of brainstorming that involve the head writer and the nine staff writers. Following that, the producers assign each of the season's 26 episodes to specific writers, assignments that include information on that episodes muppet and human cast as well as its "letter of the day" and a "number of the day" (two long-running features of the format). Writers then lead brainstorming sessions for each episode they are assigned. The head writer meets with each of the writers, and then the writers produce the first drafts of each episode. Once the head writer signs off on an episode (which may take several drafts), the research department gets a formatted copy of the script. Research staff members do their review, giving comments to the head writer. Anything that isn't vetoed by the head writer gets incorporated into the script by a writer's assistant, at which point the producers then review the script. Producers pass on their comments to the show's executive producer, who meets with the head writer to resolve any remaining issues, with the final decision in the hands of the executive producer. The process ends after one or more meetings are held to deal with any production-specific issues. When a script is factually correct, but includes gray areas that may not be comprehensible to children, the writers and research department work together to tweak everything. "A balance between content and humor" is always pursued, according to head of research Rosemarie Truglio.  Filming locations Murray the Monster, one of Sesame's Street's newest Muppets, filming a street scene at Washington Square Park in New York City, 2007The series is filmed at Kaufman Astoria Studios in Queens, New York, New York. In recent seasons, on-location Muppet segments has increased, primarily through segments like Word on the Street? and Murray Had a Little Lamb. Episodes and specials have taken characters to Central Park, the ABC News studios, and the Metropolitan Museum of Modern Art. As the show spread internationally, live segments featuring children of other cultures were filmed, or intermixed with clips of world youth. The Global Grover segment from recent seasons featured world segments on a daily basis. Special episodes of the series have been filmed on location in Hawaii and Puerto Rico, and specials were produced in China and Japan.  Music Show creator Cooney once commented: "Music was always an important element in Jim [Henson]'s work. He employed music not only as a means to further his comic purposes, but also as a way of expressing his gentleness and the vulnerability hidden in his heart." Christopher Cerf, Danny Epstein, Tony Geiss, Jeff Moss (Emmy-, Grammy-winner, Oscar-nominee), Joe Raposo (Oscar-winner), and Robby Merkin (The Little Mermaid, Little Shop of Horrors) were all involved in the Sesame Street music department at some point. The music created for Sesame Street and its specials have won multiple Primetime and Daytime Emmys. When The Carpenters appeared on Sesame Street, they were given Raposo's previous creation, "Sing". The song "Sing" became a hit in 1973, reaching #3 on the Billboard charts, #1 on the adult contemporary charts. It wasn't the only early creation from the series to obtain mainstream success; "Rubber Duckie", sung by series character Ernie, made #16 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1970; the song achieved an even higher position in Germany. In 1992, British band Smart E's released Sesame's Treet, a techno dance track which sampled the "classic" version of the Sesame Street theme. It reached #2 on the UK singles chart. Sesame Street has won 11** Grammy Awards, most recently for 2001 release Elmo and the Orchestra. The closing theme that was used during the full credits is titled "Funky Chimes". This song, along with various samples of the Cookie Monster would be used in the MF DOOM song "Kookies."  Cast information See also: List of Sesame Street puppeteers Emilio Delgado, who has played Luis on the show since 1971.Much of the currently billed cast, both appearing as humans or performing Muppets, has remained with the production for a decade or more, thanks to the longevity of the program. "Sesame Street is best known for the creative geniuses it attracted, people like Jim Henson and Joe Raposo and Frank Oz, who intuitively grasped what it takes to get through to children. They were television's answer to Beatrix Potter or L. Frank Baum or Dr. Seuss." -Author Malcolm Gladwell, The Tipping Point Non-Muppet characters on the series age as their performers do. Actresses such as Sonia Manzano (who plays Maria) and Alison Bartlett-O'Reilly (who plays Gina) have gone from being teens when introduced, 1971 and 1987 respectively, to motherly figures in more recent seasons. When Will Lee died in 1982, his character of Mr. Hooper was written out of the program. Other actors to be on the series for
over a decade include Desiree Casado (Gabi, since 1993), Emilio Delgado (Luis, 1971), Bill Irwin (Mr. Noodle, 1998), Loretta Long (Susan, 1969), Bob McGrath (Bob, 1969), Alan Muraoka (Alan, 1998), and Roscoe Orman (Gordon, 1974). Currently credited actors that haven't met the decade mark are Olamide Faison (Miles, since 2003), Christopher Lawrence Knowings (Chris, 2007), and Nitya Vidyasagar (Leela, 2008). Linda Bove (Linda, 1972 to 2003) is the only actor to be on the show for more than a decade, and yet written out. Over two hundred notable personalities have made guest appearances on the show, beginning with Carol Burnett on the first episode, and ranging from performers like James Brown, The Goo Goo Dolls, and Johnny Cash, to political figures such as Laura Bush and Kofi Annan. (See List of celebrity guest stars on Sesame Street.) By making a show that not only educates and entertains kids, but also keeps parents entertained and involved in the educational process, the producers hope to inspire discussion about the concepts on the show.  Characters An Oscar the Grouch puppet (shown) and Sesame Street sign both reside in the Smithsonian National Museum of American HistoryMain article: List of Sesame Street characters See also: Characters that are Exclusive to books or movies, celebrities, from international versions. Also Characters ordered by date of debut, Characters ordered by last known appearance Sesame Street is known for its multicultural element and is inclusive in its casting, incorporating roles for disabled people, young people, senior citizens, Hispanic actors, Black actors, Asian actors, and others. While some of the puppets look like people, others are animal or "monster" puppets of different sizes and colors. This encourages children to believe that people come in all different shapes, sizes, and colors, and that no particular physical "type" is any better than another. Jim Henson commented that "The only kids who can identify along racial lines with the Muppets have to be either green or orange." In harmony with its multiculturalist perspective, the show pioneered the idea of occasionally inserting very basic Spanish words and phrases to help young children become acquainted with the concept of a foreign language, doing so almost three decades before Dora the Explorer made her debut on Nickelodeon. Perhaps in response to the popularity of Dora, the recently revamped format gives Rosita, the bilingual muppet who "emigrated" in 1993 from the Mexican version of the show, more time in front of viewers, and also introduced the more formalized "Spanish Word of the Day" in every episode.[original research?] Each of the puppet characters has been designed to represent a specific stage or element of early childhood, and the scripts are written so that the character reflects the development level of children of that age. This helps the show address not only the learning objectives of various age groups, but also the concerns, fears, and interests of children of different age levels.  The Muppets See also: Muppets Big Bird is an 8 ft 2-inch (250cm) tall yellow bird who lives in a large nest on an abandoned lot which is located in 123 Sesame Street's garbage heap. Big Bird is often visited by his friend Aloysius Snuffleupagus, who is a very large, brown creature, which looks very much like the prehistoric wooly mammoth, and is known more popularly by his nickname "Snuffy". Various other Snuffleupaguses have appeared on the show from time to time, most notably Snuffy's little sister Alice and his unnamed mother. Initially, Snuffy showed up when no one but Big Bird was around, leaving the rest of the neighborhood to think he was imaginary. In the mid-1980s, however, Snuffy was revealed to be "real" and incorporated into the regular cast of the show. Oscar the Grouch lives with his pet worm Slimey and his pet elephant Fluffy in a garbage can in the heap. He is always grumpy, and loves everything that other people hate, and vice versa- he loves rainy days, but hates cute puppies and kittens. His favorite thing in the world is rubbish (trash, or garbage), hence his signature song, "I Love Trash", and consequently, he lives in a garbage can. Bert and Ernie, two of the most-recognized Muppets, are roommates who share the basement apartment of 123 Sesame Street, and regularly engage in comic routines which showcase their odd-couple personalities. Ernie's flowerbox was once a hotspot for Twiddlebugs, a colorful family of insects. Ernie is a fun-loving orange Muppet who is always ready to play a game, and is always trying, often in vain, to interest Bert in his latest idea for one. Bert usually ends up grudgingly, or in the case of the "Feelings Game", unwittingly, joining in. Ernie especially loves his Rubber Duckie, who is the subject of several of Ernie's songs. Bert's idea of having fun involves doing things which most people find boring, like playing with pigeons,
and collecting paperclips and bottle caps. A representation of Elmo, at the 2009 Rose Parade, Pasadena Calif.The Bear family, which is identified as the bears of Goldilocks and the Three Bears, resides in Sesame Street. This family, headed by Papa Bear and Mama Bear, welcomed their second child Curly Bear, and Baby Bear became a good friend of the monsters Telly and Zoe, Mexico-born Rosita, and the furry, red preschooler Elmo. Elmo has his own segment near the end of each episode, in which viewers explore topics in Elmo's World. New to Sesame Street is Abby Cadabby, a fairy-in-training who attends Storybook Community School with Baby Bear. Grover's regular segment, Global Grover, follows the self-described "cute, furry monster" around the world as he explores local cultures and traditions. Grover has had several notable roles over the years, often as a waiter or a superhero (Super Grover). In the waiter sketches, Grover's most frequent customer is Mr. Johnson, a blue Muppet with very little hair on his head. Grover always serves him inappropriate food, and the customer eventually loses his temper. Cookie Monster is a character who, as his name would suggest, loves cookies, but doesn't seem to mind eating anything, edible or not. He currently has a segment of the show in which he fights with his conscience daily during Letter of the Day, as he tries to control his urges to eat the letters, shown as icing on cookies. Prairie Dawn often attempts to help Cookie Monster refrain from eating the letters, but never succeeds and always leaves frazzled. Count von Count has fewer problems during the Number of the Day segment, where he indulges in counting until the mystery number is revealed by his pipe organ. He is usually known simply as "The Count". He has more songs than most of the other characters. They are usually catchy songs, such as "The Batty Bat", and "The First Day of School", in which he tells the story of how he soon settled in at school, because he enjoyed counting his fellow pupils. Humphrey and Ingrid are a married couple who have a baby named Natasha, and they are the proprietors of the hotel known as The Furry Arms, which is located near the Sesame Street Subway station. The hotel's bellhop, Benny Rabbit, tends to be easily irritated, but begrudgingly helps out. His sketch usually includes someone mistakenly referring to him as Bunny, which makes him very angry. The Two-Headed Monster sounded out words coming together, and the Yip-Yip aliens, furry blue monsters with long, curly antennae, named after the only word in their vocabulary, discovered telephones and typewriters. For two seasons, Googel, Narf, Mel and Phoebe hung out in the Monster's Clubhouse. Kermit the Frog hosted the segment Sesame Street News Flash. The newsflashes were often takes on popular fairy tales, although there was also one about the first ever day at school, in which Kermit assists the inexperienced caveman teacher, Mr. James, in his lesson about the letter "N". In other segments, Kermit would play straight man to the wacky antics of other Muppets. Incidental characters include television personality Guy Smiley, who presented various game shows, such as "Beat The Time", and "Mystery Guest", construction workers Sully and Biff, the large Herry Monster (who does not know his own strength), and The Big Bad Wolf, who is not a terror to the Street. Forgetful Jones, a cowboy with a short-term memory disorder, rode his trusty Buster the Horse with his girlfriend Clementine, and Rodeo Rosie was an early cowgirl. The Amazing Mumford tries his hardest to amaze with his magic, but his tricks always end up backfiring. "Sherlock Hemlock", was the self-proclaimed World's Greatest Detective, although he was actually rather hapless, and it was usually someone else, often his dog Watson, who solved the mystery. Whenever he discovered a clue, he would say "Egad!". He had only one song, "X Marks The Spot". Don Music wrote songs such as "Yankee Doodle" and "Mary had a Bicycle". He always banged his head on the piano every time he forgot a word to each song. His favourite catchphrase is "Oh I will never get the word to my song,Never Never NEVER"!. Kermit always helped him every time he entered the studio.  Other characters Here Bob (Bob McGrath) appears at Sesame Place in 2007. McGrath performed various songs, signed autographs, and appeared in the theme park's daily parade, as seen.Main article: Human characters on Sesame Street A slate of live actors pull the zaniness of the Muppets back to reality. They were not always meant to serve this purpose. The show lost test viewers' attention during the
Street Scenes, meaning Muppets needed to be added, to hide the fact it was educational. Music teacher Bob has been on Sesame Street since its inception. He dated Linda the local New York Library librarian, who was the first regular deaf character on television. Linda owns Barkley, a Muppet dog. The Robinson family are an African-American family that includes schoolteacher Gordon, nurse Susan, and adopted son Miles. The Puerto Rican Rodriguez family include Maria and Luis, who ran the Fix-It Shop, which was turned into the Mail-It Shop; Maria gave birth to daughter Gabby in 1989, and her pregnancy was covered on the show. Luis is the longest-running Hispanic character in TV history. General store and restaurant operator Harold Hooper, played by actor Will Lee, was a mainstay at Mr. Hooper's Store. When Lee died in 1982, the producers opted to help their young viewers deal with the death of someone they loved rather than cast a new actor in the role, and the character's death was discussed in a landmark 1983 episode.[Notes 1] Afterwards, Hooper's apprentice David took over, followed by later owners Gina, Mr. Handford, and Alan. Gina stopped running the store in the 1990s, to earn a PhD and became a veterinarian. Mr. Noodle and his brother and sister (sister played by Kristin Chenoweth), who appear only in Elmo's World are meant to provide a vaudevillian perspective on subjects, contrary to most of the show's current human characters (though reminiscent of such earlier insert characters as Buddy and Jim, Larry and Phyllis, and The Mad Painter). Famous guest stars and various children from New York schools and day-care centers are a constantly changing part of the cast, including children who would later become celebrities, like actor Tyler James Williams, actress Tatyana M. Ali and rapper GM Grimm.  Crew See also: Crew of Sesame Street Over the 39 seasons of Sesame Street hundreds, if not thousands, of people have worked on the show's cast and in their crew, producing Street scenes or segments, or working behind the scenes.[clarification needed]  Reception  Ratings As a result of its success in revolutionizing the standards of children's television, Sesame Street inadvertently diminished its own audience share. According to PBS Research, the show went from a 2.0 average on Nielsen Media Research's "people meters" in 1995–1996 to a 1.3 average in 2000–2001. Even with this decrease, Sesame Street's viewership in an average week came from roughly 5.6 million households with 7.5 million viewers. This placed Sesame at 8th place in the overall kids' charts, as of 2002. The program fares better among mothers age 18–49 who had children under the age of 3, taking second place. A format change helped the show's ratings, boosting them up 31% in February 2002 among children age 2–5, in comparison to its ratings in 2001. As of 2005, Sesame Street and three other PBS shows are in the top 10 shows for children ages 2 to 5. As of season 36 in 2005, there were 8 million viewers daily.  Criticism Some educators criticized the show when it debuted, as it emphasized cognitive learning rather than play and activities like other children's shows at the time. In addition it was believed that it would only worsen children's attention spans. In a letter to the Boston Globe, Boston University professor of education Frank Garfunkel commented "If what people want is for their children to memorize numbers and letters without regard to their meaning or use—without regard to the differences between children, then Sesame Street is truly responsive. To give a child 30 seconds of one thing and then to switch it and give him 30 seconds of another is to nurture irrelevance." In the magazine Childhood Education, Minnie P. Berson of SUNY Fredonia asked "Why debase the art form of teaching with phony pedagogy, vulgar sideshows, bad acting, and layers of smoke and fog to clog the eager minds of small children?" For an animation on the letter "J", the writers included "a day in jail." This drew criticism from San Francisco Chronicle columnist Terrence O'Flaherty, despite executive producer David Connell's assertion that kids are familiar with the word through shows like Batman and Superman, and that "when you're trying to come up with a lot of words starting with J, you soon run short" of words they are already familiar with. The series also met with criticism in its attempts to help the underprivileged. Educator Sister Mary Mel O'Dowd worried that the show might start to replace "personalized experiences". "If Sesame Street is the only thing ghetto kids have, I don't think it's going to do much good. It never hurts a child to be able to count to 10 or recognize the 26 letters of the alphabet. But without the guidance of a
teacher, he'll be like one of our preschoolers who was able to write 'CAUTION' on the blackboard after seeing it on the back of so many buses, and told me 'That says STOP.'" Sesame Street has long had to contend with those who disagree with its social content. Gerald S. Lesser comments in his book Children and Television: Lessons from Sesame Street that the show faced hostility in the southern United States when it first aired because it portrayed people of various races mingling peacefully. At first the Commission for Educational Television in Mississippi refused to air the show. However, the commission had no choice but to allow their local public television stations to air the show when commercial stations in Mississippi said they would air the program themselves. When Sesame Street premiered in Australia on the ABC in 1973 it replaced the long-running and popular Australian children's series Adventure Island. Australian TV historians Tony Harrison  and Albert Moran  record that the cancellation of Adventure Island and its replacement with an American-made program caused a controversy and that questions were asked in federal parliament about the detrimental effects of the ABC's decision on local TV production.  Rumors and urban legends While many rumors have been started about the series, a few have been widely promulgated and perpetuated over the years. It has widely been suggested that Bert and Ernie are a gay couple, as they are apparently adult human males portrayed sharing a bedroom, though with separate beds. A 1980 collection of humorous essays by Kurt Andersen, titled The Real Thing, made light of the growing rumor. "Bert and Ernie conduct themselves in the same loving, discreet way that millions of gay men, women and hand puppets do. They do their jobs well and live a splendidly settled life together in an impeccably decorated cabinet." The rumor was promulgated repeatedly, so much so that by 1993, Sesame Workshop had a prepared statement to send out to people inquiring on the topic. In a 1994 effort to get the characters banned, Rev. Joseph Chambers stated on his radio show: "Bert and Ernie are two grown men sharing a house and a bedroom. They share clothes, eat and cook together and have blatantly effeminate characteristics. In one show, Bert teaches Ernie how to sew. In another, they tend plants together. If this isn't meant to represent a homosexual union, I can't imagine what it's supposed to represent." Both Steve Whitmire as Ernie and Eric Jacobson as Bert have stated publicly that the characters are not gay. The alleged relationship has been parodied on the animated series Family Guy and by Ernest & Bertram. The latter, a 2002 short film that ran at the Sundance Film Festival, was the subject of a cease and desist order from the legal department of Sesame Workshop. The Broadway musical Avenue Q includes two characters similar to Bert and Ernie, named Rod and Nicky, one of which is gay. The pair's relationship bears similarity to that of Laurel and Hardy, who were also occasionally shown sleeping together; this became such a comedy staple as to be adopted by Morecambe and Wise in the 1970s, all of whom were similarly asexual. The Odd Couple is another, more apposite, contemporary comparison. Some adult viewers are upset by the assertions, as in their view, Ernie and Bert act like children, teenagers at the oldest, and are no more different than brothers or cousins who share a room.[original research?] In 1990, puppeteer Jim Henson's death spurred rumors that Ernie would be "killed off" in the show, much the way the character of Mr. Hooper was after actor Will Lee's passing some years earlier. Rumor said that he would be either killed by a vehicle, AIDS, or cancer. There was no legitimacy to this rumor, but because producers took their time recasting a puppeteer for Ernie, the delay allowed the claims to burgeon. A spokesperson for the series was quoted as saying "Ernie is not dying of AIDS, Ernie is not dying of leukemia. Ernie is a puppet." In 2002, Sesame Workshop announced that a character with HIV would be introduced to Takalani Sesame, the South African version of the show. Many conservatives and religious groups wrongly presumed that the American version would be getting a "gay Muppet." This concern came about presumably because of a perceived connection between homosexuality and HIV in the United States, but the character
with HIV is only present on this international version of the show. The character, Kami, contracted HIV from a blood transfusion as an infant.  Media information  Broadcast history The show is broadcast worldwide; in addition to the U.S. version, many countries have locally-produced versions adapted to local needs, some with their own characters, and in a variety of different languages. In Canada, beginning in 1970, 15-minute shows called Canada's Sesame Street were broadcast, and by 1972 an edited version of the one-hour American program was airing but with specially filmed Canadian segments, which featured the French language. In 1995 the American version was replaced by a half-hour long all-Canadian version of the series entitled Sesame Park. Since the original Sesame Street was still accessible to Canadians, and more familiar, the format change didn't find acceptance with audiences and was taken off the air in 2002. Broadcasts in New Zealand and Australia began in 1971. In the United Kingdom its introduction was controversial. The ITV network company London Weekend Television first showed the series in the London region in the early 1970s to much criticism (generally regarding its Americanism). In time the show was subsequently broadcast by other ITV regions in the early 1980s, after which it moved to Channel 4, where it was a lunch-time fixture for many years through to the early 2000s. Later broadcasts of the show featured the hour-long episodes in a format of two ½-hour episodes. 120 countries have aired the show, many of which partnered with Sesame Workshop to create local versions. In recent years Sesame Street has made what area educators consider to be critical advances in its international versions. In the late 1990s versions appeared in China and Russia as these countries shifted away from communism. There is also a joint Israeli-Palestinian-Jordanian project, called Sesame Stories, which was created with the goal of promoting greater cultural understanding.The show along with 123 Sesame Street and Sesame Street Unpaved aired on the half Sesame Workshop/Viacom Noggin until 2005.  Spin-offs Spin-offs of Sesame Street include: Play With Me Sesame, a half-hour "interactive" program featuring new and old material; Sesame English, an English as a Second Language teaching tool, created in 1999 with Berlitz International; Elmo's World, Global Grover, and Global Thingy all originated as segments on the main series, split off for separate syndication; and Bert and Ernie's Great Adventures, a clay animation series created for international markets, and later shown as part of the parent series. Selected "classic" episodes of the series were shown nearly unedited as Sesame Street Unpaved, and segment-only show Open Sesame also has aired on various international channels. Jennifer Monier-Williams, Vice President, Worldwide Television Distribution at Sesame Workshop commented "The expansion of the Sesame brand through wonderfully interactive shows like Play With Me Sesame and Elmo's World give children around the globe new ways to experience fun and learning in the way Sesame does it best."  Videos and specials Christmas Eve on Sesame Street scene with Oscar (in garbage can) and Big Bird at the 86th Street New York City Subway station.A series of Sesame Street telefilms have featured the characters on day trips or in foreign countries. Don't Eat the Pictures: Sesame Street at the Metropolitan Museum of Art (1983) saw the cast locked in the gallery overnight; Big Bird and Snuffy help a cursed boy pharaoh. NBC's Big Bird in China (1983) followed Big Bird, Barkley, and their new friend Xiao Foo traveling through China to find Feng Huang, the phoenix bird. In Big Bird in Japan (1988), the titular character gets lost. Out to Lunch (1974) features the cast of Sesame Street and The Electric Company taking over ABC News. Big Bird turned six in Big Bird's Birthday or Let Me Eat Cake (1991), despite being referred to as four years old previously. CinderElmo (1999) was a FOX special, with Keri Russell as the princess looking for her match in the kingdom. Telly fears what the New Year will bring in Sesame Street Stays Up Late! (1993, DVD in 2004). Various strictly musical programs have been made. Julie Andrews and Perry Como performed with the Muppets on Julie on Sesame Street (1974). Special episodes of the PBS series Evening at Pops variety show have featured Sesame Street characters. The Sesame Street Special (1988) also included many guest performances. Holiday special Christmas Eve on Sesame Street (1978) won an Emmy Award, while another special that year, A Special Sesame Street Christmas (1978), has mostly unfavourable reviews. Elmo Saves Christmas is a movie about Elmo who wishes Christmas is everyday when he receives a snow globe that lets him wish for anything when he rescues Santa Claus stuck in his chimney , Elmo must go back in time to change things, Anniversary specials include A Walking Tour of Sesame Street with James Earl Jones (1979), Sesame Street: 20 And Still Counting (1989), All-Star 25th Birthday: Stars and
Street Forever (1994) and Sesame Street Jam: A Musical Celebration (1994), and The Street We Live On (2004). Jon Stewart is set to host a "live" retrospective on the series on ABC, but is accidentally locked in his dressing room with the tapes. Elmo attempts to salvage the show, improvised, in Elmopalooza! (1998). In 1987 and 1992, episodes of Shalom Sesame were produced, focusing on introducing Jewish culture, customs, and language to Jewish-American children. Some international co-productions of Sesame Street have created many of their own specials as well. The characters have made appearance on television series including Between the Lions (2001), The Electric Company (1972, 1975), Emeril Live (2005), Fanfare, The Flip Wilson Show (1970), The Frugal Gourmet (1992, 1995, 1997), Hollywood Squares, Jeopardy!, Deal or No Deal, Martha (2006), Martha Stewart Living, Mister Rogers' Neighborhood (1981), Soul Man (1998), The Torkelsons (1991), The Muppet Show (1976), The West Wing (2004), What's My Line?, and numerous talk shows and mornings shows, ranging from The Ed Sullivan Show to the The Today Show.  Feature films Follow that Bird movie posterTwo theatrical wide-release feature films based on the series have been made. Co-produced with Warner Bros., the 1985 film Sesame Street Presents: Follow that Bird revolved around a social worker forcing Big Bird into adoption. Big Bird gets homesick and tired of his adoptive parents, and heads back to New York, when he is kidnapped by evil carnival leaders (played by Dave Thomas and Joe Flaherty); the residents of Sesame Street launch a cross-country search to find him. In the second Sesame Street theatrical film, 1999's The Adventures of Elmo in Grouchland, fourteen years after Follow That Bird, Elmo spends time with his favorite blanket. After Zoe accidentally tears the blanket, when Elmo refuses to share, the blanket winds up in Grouchland, ruled by the Queen of Trash (Vanessa L. Williams). Elmo ventures forth, to rescue his blanket from the villainous Huxley (Mandy Patinkin). Soon, the rest of the Sesame Street gang follow in pursuit.  Merchandising and endorsement The cover of the book Brought to You by . . . Sesame Street! #1 shows several of Sesame Street's muppet charactersSesame Street is known for its extensive merchandising, which includes many books, magazines, video/audio media, and toys. A percentage of the money from any Sesame Workshop product goes to help fund Sesame Street or its international co-productions. Current licensors include Fisher-Price, Nakajima USA, Build-A-Bear Workshop (Build-An-Elmo, Build-A-Cookie Monster, And Build-A-Big Bird), Hasbro (Sesame Street Monopoly), Wooly Willy, Betty Crocker (Elmo Fruit Snacks), C&D Visionary (air freshners) and Children's Apparel Network. Former licences include Applause, Child Dimension, Gibson Greetings, Gorham Fine China, Ideal Toys, Milton Bradley Company, Nintendo, Palisades Toys, Questor, Radio Shack, Tyco, and the Western Publishing Company. Creative Wonders (a partnership between ABC and Electronic Arts) produced Sesame Street software for the Macintosh, since at least 1995 and on the PC since 1996; Atari produced Sesame Street games in 1983. Before going bankrupt, Palisades Toys was to release a line of deluxe series action figures, for adults, as part of Sesame Workshop's push to expand into retro products for teens and adults. Tickle Me Elmo was one of the fastest selling toys of the 1996 season. That product line was and still is one of the most successful products Mattel has ever launched. Both it and its most notable successor, TMX, have caused in-store fights. Elmo starred in a Christmas special that year, in which he wished every day of the year was Christmas. After Fisher-Price recalled a large number of Sesame Street brand toys (among multiple licenses) in 2007, Sesame Workshop announced that they would independently inspect the products of all manufacturers. It went so far as to threaten withdrawing entirely from toy licensing, if it were not satisfied with the manufacturer's guarantees. Its fiction books are published on five continents, primarily by Random House in North America. Over 18 million Sesame Street books and magazines were purchased in 2005. The books often mention that children do not have to watch the show to benefit from its publications. Elmo and the Bookaneers, a stage show at SeaWorld Orlando.Live touring show Sesame Street Live presents costumed actors and dancers as characters from the series, in original plots. In recent years, VEE has had four touring casts, each performing a unique multi-million dollar budget show. Each season, the tours reach 160 different cities across North America, reaching 2 million people annually. Since the first production of Sesame Street Live on September 17, 1980, 48 million children and their parents have seen the show performed, across the world. Langhorne, Pennsylvania, United States, is the long-time home to Sesame Street theme park Sesame Place. SeaWorld Orlando started a stage show called Elmo and the Bookaneers in 2007. Another theme park, Parque Plaza Sésamo, exists in Monterrey, Mexico, and Universal Studios Japan includes a three-dimensional movie based on the
show. The Sesame Beginnings line, launched in mid-2005, consists of apparel, health and body, home, and seasonal products. The products in this line are designed to accentuate the natural interactivity between infants and their parents. Most of the line is exclusive to a family of Canadian retailers that includes Loblaws, Fortinos, and Zehrs. Although Sesame Street characters occasionally endorse non-educational products, they rarely appear in their puppet form, to limit the suggestion to children that the characters are formally endorsing the product. The Muppets do appear in puppet form to endorse select causes. Big Bird has promoted safe seating practices and the wearing of seatbelts, for the Ford Motor Company, while Grover promoted a new course on children's informal learning, created by Harvard University with Sesame Workshop. Elmo has appeared before the US Education Appropriations Subcommittee to urge more spending on music in schools. Barrio Sésamo, Plaza Sésamo, Sesamstraße, Sesame English and Sesamstraat have all had merchandise of their local characters. Shalom Sesame videos and books have also been released. In 2004, Copyright Promotions Licensing Group (CPLG) became Sesame Workshop's licensing representative for The Benelux, adding to their United Kingdom representation.  International co-productions Main article: Sesame Street internationally Basil the Bear from Canada's Sesame Park, in a knight's armour. The puppet, as well as most of the series cast, is displayed at the CBC Museum.Some countries have co-produced their own unique versions of Sesame Street, in which the characters and segments represent their country's cultures. Other countries simply air a dubbed version of Sesame Street, or a dubbed version of Open Sesame. Among various other countries, Australia has and still does broadcast the American version on the ABC and the UK had broadcast the American show, on Channel 4 until 2001 when it was replaced with Henson production The Hoobs. Dubbed versions include Seesamtie in Finnish, Boneka Sesame in Indonesian, Sesam Opnist Þú in Icelandic, Sezame otevři se in Czech, Sesamo Apriti in Italian, Sezame, otevři se in Czech, and Taman Sesame in Malay. In 2004, one Japanese network cancelled the dubbed American Sesame, while another created a local version. In New Zealand, locally produced segments entitled "Korero Māori" (in English: "let's speak Māori") were inserted into episodes to educate children in the Māori language. Likewise, in Canada the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation substituted locally-produced French language segments in place of the Spanish language portions of the US version. Spanish program La Cometa Blanca also includes segments from Sesame Street. Locally produced adaptations of Sesame Street include: 1972: Vila Sésamo, Brazil 1972: Plaza Sésamo, Mexico 1973: Sesamstraße, Germany 1973: Canadian Sesame Street, Canada (reformatted as Sesame Park in the 1990s) 1976: Sesamstraat, Netherlands 1978: 1, rue Sesame, France 1979: Iftah Ya Simsim, Arab World (in classical Arabic) 1979: Barrio Sésamo, Spain 1981: Svenska Sesam, Sweden 1983: Rechov Sumsum, Israel 1984: Sesame! (Batibot), Philippines 1986: Susam Sokağı, Turkey 1989: Rua Sésamo, Portugal 1991: Sesam Stasjon, Norway 1996: Ulitsa Sezam, Russia 1996: Ulica Sezamkowa, Poland 1998: Rechov Sumsum and Shara'a Simsim, Israel and Palestinian Territories 1998: Zhima Jie, China 1999: Sesame English, China, Italy, Poland, Taiwan 2000: Takalani Sesame, South Africa 2000: Alam Simsim, Egypt (using the local dialect) 2002: Play with Me Sesame, United Kingdom 2003: Open Sesame, Australia 2004: Koche Sesame, Afghanistan 2004: Sesame Street, Japan 2005: Sisimpur, Bangladesh 2005: 5, Rue Sésame, France 2005: Sabai Sabai Sesame, Cambodia 2006: Galli Galli Sim Sim, India 2007: Jalan Sesama Indonesia 2007: Tar ag Spraoi Sesame Republic of Ireland, Irish language dub of Play With Me Sesame 2008: Sesame Tree Northern Ireland Note that dates solely refer to the year production on the series began. See also: List of characters from international versions of Sesame Street The popular, long-running British children's series Rainbow was originally conceived as a British equivalent of Sesame Street, but holds no official affiliation with Sesame Workshop. On Sesame Workshop's website for the program, on the games, the voices for the Muppet characters in the games are done by their respective puppeteers (for example, Fran Brill voices Zoe, Kevin Clash voices Elmo, etc).  Funding Public advocate Ralph Nader appearing on the show in the 1988 special The Sesame Street Special, with the character Bob, singing "People in Your Neighborhood".Funding for Sesame Street is derived from a variety of public, private, and corporate sources. Beaches Family Resorts, McDonald's, Earth's Best Organic, New Balance, and American Greetings are considered "Sponsors" of the show, receiving ad-like spots before the program, when it is shown on PBS.  The The Corporation for Public Broadcasting. a Ready to Learn grant, and contributions to PBS stations are also credited. Local entities can fund the series regionally. When in 1998 Sesame
Street joined the PBS standard of acknowledging underwriting, consumer advocate Ralph Nader criticized the program. Nader accused Discovery Zone's sponsorship of the program as "exploiting impressionable children." Producers defended the spots by noting that they help keep the show on air, despite cuts to PBS funding, and are aimed at parents, not kids. Later sponsorships, like McDonald's, also received condemnation through Nader's Commercial Alert non-profit organization. Being aired on a public station like PBS, Sesame Workshop replied that it is adhering to strict guidelines, and that "sponsorship messages do not show product, announce promotions or contain any call to action."  Web site Since 1998 Sesame Workshop has provided additional content on its website and others such as Random House. The content is targeted at parents and children ranging in age from birth to school-age, and includes information on dozens of topics, such as appropriate parenting techniques, dealing with children's fears, development of literacy, and maintenance of good health. Sesame Street's Web site was one of the first to include educational materials, for both parents and children. "There are downloadable games plus number- and alphabet-coloring pages for the children. Their parents can consult references covering everything from how to comb their baby's hair to how to play with their 4-year-old." The Web site has been recommended by academic journals. It receives over 1 million visitors daily. On August 11, 2008, a new site debuted with new features such as videos and games.  Notes ^ While Mr. Hooper's death is considered by most as a landmark in children's television, this wasn't the first death in a children's program. Upon the 1973 death of George Woodbridge, who played the titular character in the British series Inigo Pipkin, the third season of the show dealt with the character's passing. The series was renamed Pipkins, to reflect the change in cast.  References ^ Schweiger, Arlen (2008-04-14). "Sesame Street Enters HD World", Electronic House (Framingham, MA), EH Publishing. Retrieved on 15 September 2008. ^ Karen Barss et al., "Enhancing Education: A Children's Producer's Guide: Sesame Street: Case Study", Corporation for Public Broadcasting (accessed June 29, 2005) ^ Carvajal, Doreen (2005-12-12). "Sesame Street goes global: Let's all count the revenue", New York Times. Retrieved on 28 September 2008. ^ Davis, p. 357 ^ Hill, Lee Alan (2006-05-08). "Sesame Street's streak unbroken". Television Week 25 (19): 18–20. ^ a b c d e f g Friedman, Michael Jay (2006-04-08). "Sesame Street Educates and Entertains Internationally", America.gov, U.S. Department of State Bureau of International Information Programs. Retrieved on 9 October 2008. ^ Johnson, Steve (2008-11-30). “Studies: Television might be good for kids after all”, Chicago Tribune, Detroit Free Press (Detroit, MI), Gannett Company. Retrieved on 18 December 2008. ^ Associated Press (2002-04-26). "TV Guide names top 50 shows", CBS News. Retrieved on 28 September 2008. ^ Fisch, p. xvi ^ Borgenicht, p. 9 ^ Truglio & Fisch, p. xvi ^ a b c d e Finch, p. 53 ^ a b Cooney, p. xi ^ Gladwell, p. 89 ^ Palmer & Fisch, p. 3 ^ Lesser & Schneider, p. 27 ^ a b Borgenicht, p. 15 ^ a b Fisch & Bernstein, p. 39 ^ Gladwell, p. 105 ^ a b c d Gladwell, p. 106 ^ Fisch & Bernstein, pp. 39-40 ^ Fisch & Bernstein, p. 40 ^ Wolfson, Hilary S. (2002-09-22). "It's Cool to Be a Lion or a Mouse", The New York Times (New York, New York), The New York Times Company. Retrieved on 9 October 2008. ^ Finley, Adam (2006-04-24). "Cancel everything and watch Sesame Street the rest of the day", TV Squad (Dulles, Virginia), Weblogs, Inc.. Retrieved on 9 October 2008. ^ a b c d e Goodman, Tim (2002-02-04). "WORD ON THE 'STREET'", San Francisco Chronicle (San Francisco, California), Hearst Communications Inc.. Retrieved on 9 October 2008. ^ Nolan, Michelle (2007-11-12). "‘Sesame Street’ actor reads from new book in local appearance", The Bellingham Herald (Bellingham, Washington), The McClatchy Company. Retrieved on 9 October 2008. ^ "About the Show", Season 39 Press kit for Sesame Street, 2008. ^ a b Brooke, Jill (1998-11-13). "'Sesame Street' takes a bow to 30 animated years", CNN.com (Atlanta, Georgia, United States), Turner Broadcasting System. Retrieved on 16 September 2008. "But they manage to do it, introducing segments like "Elmo's World" for the little tots, and having Big Bird skits for the older ones." ^ Mcfarland, Melanie (1998-11-13). "'Powerpuff Girls': Smart, Sassy, Out To Save The World", The Seattle Times (Seattle, Washington), Seattle Times Company. Retrieved on 16 September 2008. "The show will also introduce a 15-minute segment called "Elmo's World," aimed at 3-year-olds." ^ Buncombe, Andrew. "Cookie Monster to bring healthy diet message", The New Zealand Herald (Auckland, New Zealand), APN News & Media. Retrieved on 9 October 2008. "Cookie Monster is going on a diet" ^ Gitter, Emily (2005-04-04). "More Sunny Days", The Sun (New York, New York), ONE SL LLC. Retrieved on 9 October 2008. ^ Sesame Workshop Season 36 Press Kit, accessed 28 June 2006. ^ Betancourt, Ed. D., Jeanette. "Healthy Habits for Life: The Sesame Workshop Model" California Childhood Obesity Conference, Anaheim, California (2007-01-24). Retrieved on 2008-10-09. ^ United States Governors Join
Sesame Street's Elmo and Rosita to Encourage Healthy Habits in Children, April 24, 2006; Governors Mike Huckabee (R-AR), Frank Murkowski (R-AK), Felix Perez Camacho (R-GU), Dirk Kempthorne (R-ID), Kathleen Sebelius (D-KS), Kathleen Blanco (D-LA), Jennifer Granholm (D-MI), Kenny Guinn (R-NV), John Hoeven (R-ND), Ancibal Acevendo-Vila (D-PR), Bob Taft (R-OH), Don Carcieri (R-RI) with his wife, Sue Carcieri, Jon Huntsman (R-UT), Jim Douglas (R-VT) and Joe Manchin III (D-WV). ^ Hoff, David J. (2006-03-07). "Governors Turn Attention to Student Health", Education Week (Bethesda, MD), Editorial Projects in Education, pp. 2. Retrieved on 9 October 2008. ^ a b Sesame Workshop question and answer page. ^ 11/15/2008: Brought to you by the letter from Syndi, a blog entry from the screenwriting blog of Jane Espenson ^ "Landmarked And Lonely". The Queens Tribune. Fresh Meadows, New York: TribCo LLC. Retrieved on 2008-10-09. ^ "Kaufman Astoria’s Neighborhood Studios". Markee Magazine. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: nep Broadcasting LLC. (2007-07-01). Retrieved on 2008-10-09. ^ Whitman, Trudy. "Hills & Gardens: BookCourt Hosts Best Young Novelists" (in English), Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, New York, New York), The Eagle Publishing Company. Retrieved on 17 October 2008. ^ Bell, D. (2008-06-09). "Taking the A Train to Sesame Street" (in English). UPTOWNflavor. New York, New York: UPTOWNflavor. Retrieved on 2008-10-17. ^ "Roller Skaters Wanted for Sesame Street Shoot". New York, New York: Central Park Dance Skater Association (2008-04-11). Retrieved on 2008-10-09. ^ O'Connor, John J. (1974-12-22). "Low Marks for Children's TV Workshop; TV VIEW Television/Radio", The New York Times (New York, New York), The New York Times Company, pp. 1. Retrieved on 9 October 2008. ^ Graeber, Laurel (2004-04-04). "Forever Young Enough to Change", The New York Times (New York, New York), The New York Times Company, p. Cover. Retrieved on 9 October 2008. ^ Cheryl Henson, ed. It's not easy being green : and other things to consider (1 ed.). New York, New York: Hyperion. pp. 200. ^ Flint, Peter B. (1989-02-06). "Joseph G. Raposo Is Dead at 51; Helped to Create 'Sesame Street'", The New York Times (New York, New York), The New York Times Company. Retrieved on 17 October 2008. ^ "New neighbors find way to 'Sesame Street'", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 14 August 1993. ^ David Roberts (Managing Editor) et al., Guinness World Records: British Hit Singles & Albums (Eighteenth Edition), 2005, ISBN 1-904994-00-8 ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7nUhDOqyDgo ^ Gladwell, p.99 ^ Michael Jay Friedman, Washington File: Honored children's show popular throughout the world, 8 April 2006. Annan was actually on his way to Norway to accept the 2001 Nobel Peace Prize. ^ Phylis Feinstein, All About Sesame Street. 1970." ^ Muppet Wiki: Character Pairs ^ "New character joins PBS". The Boston Globe (2005-10-19). ^ a b c d Sesame Workshop: Sesame Street Season 37 Press Kit ^ Saturday Morning Censors: Television Regulation Before the V-Chip. Heather Hendershot. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. 1998 ^ http://members.tripod.com/~hooperfan/chap12.html ^ Gerald S. Lesser, Children and Television: Lessons from Sesame Street, ISBN-10 0394714482. ^ Mandel, Jennifer (2006). "The Production of a Beloved Community: Sesame Street’s Answer to America’s Inequalities". The Journal of American Culture (Blackwell Publishing, Inc.) 29: 3. doi:10.1111/j.1542-734X.2006.00270.x. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1542-734X.2006.00270.x. Retrieved on 21 August 2006. ^ Harrison, Tony: The Australian Film and Television Companion (Simon & Shuster, 1994), p.122 ^ Moran, Albert: Moran's Guide to Australian TV Series (Australian Film Television & Radio School, 1993), p.42 ^ Andersen, Kurt (February 1982) (Paperback). The Real Thing. New York, NY: Henry Holt & Co. pp. 180. ISBN 0-03-060037-5. ^ James R. Petersen, The Ridiculous Right (say it ain't so, Barney), December 1995 ^ Muppet Wiki: Bert and Ernie's relationship, accessed 30 June 2006. ^ San Vicente, Romeo (March 27, 2002). "Bert and Ernie outed from film festival", PlanetOut. ^ [Manchester] Union Leader "Muppet Ernie Keeps His Life." 28 July 1991 (p. F1). ^ Graham, Jefferson (1992-04-30). "Muppet Ernie Is Doing Just Fine", USA Today, pp. 1. ^ Herrmann, Brenda (1992-11-10). "Ernie Rumor Just Won't Die", Chicago Tribune, pp. 1. ^ Lender, Jon (1992-11-23). "Rest Assured, Ernie the Puppet Has Never Felt Better", Hartford Courant, pp. 1. ^ Barbara Mikkelson, Urban Legends Reference Pages: Toe Tag Ernie, December 14, 1997. ^ Shattuck, Kathryn (2002-03-31). "FOR YOUNG VIEWERS; Playing the Pied Piper", The New York Times (New York City), The New York Times Company, pp. 1. Retrieved on 15 September 2008. "Bert (left), Ernie, Prairie Dawn and Grover will star in new skits as well as classic Sesame Street clips in Play With Me Sesame, a daily half-hour interactive show beginning tomorrow at 9 a.m. on Noggin (Channel 129 on Time Warner)." ^ Mifflin, Lawrie (1999-07-12). "MEDIA; Berlitz Will Use 'Sesame Street' to Teach English", The New York Times (New York City), The New York Times Company, p. C11. Retrieved on 15 September 2008. ^ a b Sesame Workshop (2005-10-12). TREEHOUSE HOSTS BLOCK PARTY WITH SESAME PROGRAMMING. Press release. http://archive.sesameworkshop.org/aboutus/inside_press.php?contentId=15195682. Retrieved on 2008-09-15. ^ "Global Thingy". sesameworkshop beta. Sesame Workshop (2008). Retrieved on 2008-09-15. ^ Sesame Workshop (2008-06-01). SEASON 39 OF SESAME STREET, PREMIERING AUGUST 11 ON PBS KIDS®, WELCOMES ITS FIRST INDIAN-AMERICAN CAST MEMBER. Press release. http://archive.sesameworkshop.org/aboutus/pressroom/presskits/season39/press_releases.php. Retrieved on 2008-09-15. ^ "Original Bert And Ernie Claymation Series Debuts On Sesame Street Season 39", AWN Headline News (Hollywood, California), AWN, Inc. (2008-07-23). Retrieved on 15 September 2008. ^ "Sesame Street Unpaved". Muppet Wiki. Wikia. Retrieved on 2008-09-15. ^ Sesame Workshop (2006-08-21). Sesame Workshop expands opportunities for kids to play with their Sesame Street friends. Press release. http://www.sesameworkshop.org/aboutus/inside_press.php?contentId=16743118. Retrieved on 2008-09-15. ^ "Andrews, Como Romp With Muppets", Hartford Courant (Hartford, CT) (1973-11-23). Retrieved on 15 September 2008. ^ United States Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce. Subcommittee on Communications. "Impact of Television on Children: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Communications of the Committee on Commerce, United States Senate, Ninety-fourth Congress, Second Session ... February 13, 1976" (Scan, digitized 9
August 2006). U.S. Government Print. Office. Retrieved on 2008-09-15. ^ Blau, Eleanor (1988-04-28). "TV Notes", The New York Times (New York City), The New York Times Company. Retrieved on 15 September 2008. ^ Zap2it.com (2004-02-17). "Big Bird on 'West Wing'" (Scan), Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania), Block Communications, pp. 1. Retrieved on 15 September 2008. ^ "Educating parents", The Star (Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia), Star Publications (M) Bhd (2006-08-16). Retrieved on 15 September 2008. "The characters of Sesame Street even made an appearance on The West Wing, and actor Martin Sheen literally sat and laughed the whole time. It’s like a puppet show (to them)." ^ Goodman, Walter (1985-08-02). "FILM: BIG BIRD ON THE BIG SCREEN WITH THE 'SESAME STREET' GANG", The New York Times (New York City), The New York Times Company. Retrieved on 15 September 2008. ^ Lacey, Liam (1999-10-04). "Elmo teaches hell's residents to share", The Globe and Mail (Toronto, Ontario), Bell Globemedia Interactive Inc.. Retrieved on 15 September 2008. ^ Gates, Anita (1999-10-01). "FILM REVIEW; That Very Special Blue B-L-A-N-K-E-T", The New York Times (New York City), The New York Times Company. Retrieved on 15 September 2008. ^ Gliatto, Tom (December 23, 1996). "Elmo Saves Christmas", People. , accessed in EBSCOhost. ^ Elmos to get 'Sesame St.' testing ^ Sesame Street Live Press Kit, Minneapolis MN: Vee Corporation, 2004. ^ Bryant, Thomas L. (July 1997). "Big Bird and Ford", Road & Track. Retrieved on 2 March 2006. , accessed through EBSCOhost. ^ Viadero, Debra (2 March 2005). "Grover Promotes Harvard Course", Education Week, pp. 1/5th. Retrieved on 2 March 2006. The course itself was developed by professor Joseph Blatt, who told Education Week "it focuses on how to harness the positive power of the media to improve children's health, particularly problems that stem from alarming levels of obesity among youngsters nationwide." Guests to the course include Sesame Workshop staff. Students are required to pitch media projects to promote healthy behaviors among 6- to 9-year-olds to Sesame executives at the end of the course. ^ Bruce Morton, "Mr. Elmo goes to Washington". Atlanta, GA: CNN, 24 April 2002. The characters of Sesame Street have a major presence in Washington. President Bill Clinton's 1997 inaugural guests included Elmo. (Roberts, Roxanne (January 13, 1997). "For inauguration celebration, a group of diverse diversions", Washington Post. , through EBSCOhost.) ^ SESAME WORKSHOP NAMES NEW LICENSING REP FOR THE BENELUX ^ Previously The Licensing Company Ltd. held the British rights to Sesame Street. Its licensees included Reed Books Children's Publishing for books. ("Reed to publish Sesame Street Books in the UK", Publishers Weekly (April 28, 1997). ) ^ Note that people in the Dutch-speaking area of Belgium, called Flanders, also watch the program. ^ Evans, Jeff (1995). The Guinness Television Encyclopedia. Guinness. ISBN 0-85112-744-4. ^ "Thanks to Our Funding Partners". Sesame Workshop. Retrieved on September 15, 2008. ^ The Corporation for Public Broadcasting did not fund the American production of Sesame Street from 1972–1991, or from 1998–2000. ^ "The Ready To Learn Initiative". PBS Kids raising readers. PBS. Retrieved on 2008-09-16. "Between the Lions, Sesame Street, SUPER WHY, and WordWorld continue to be part of the PBS KIDS Ready To Learn initiative programming, and fun new shows are on the way!" ^ Hennes, Joe (2007-02-17). "Adventures in Clay". Tough Pigs. Retrieved on 2008-09-16. "With the ever-lasting possibility that the Republicans-that-be might cut funding to Public Broadcasting, Sesame Workshop needs to find more ways to create funds outside of merchandising and Viewers Like You." ^ a b "NADER RAPS 'SESAME STREET' FOR A SPONSORSHIP DEAL", New York Daily News (New York City), Mortimer Zuckerman (1998-10-08). Retrieved on 16 September 2008. ^ Hall, Steve (2003-10-15). "Nader Questions McDonald's Sponsorship of 'Sesame Street'". AdRants.com. Boston, MA: Adrants Publishing LLC. Retrieved on 2008-09-16. ^ a b Quigley, Kelly (2003-10-14). "Group asks Bert & Ernie to shun McD's", ChicagoBusiness (Chicago, Illinois), Crain Communications, Inc.. Retrieved on 16 September 2008. ^ Sesame Workshop Parents ^ Random House: Introduction to Sesame Beginnings ^ Shaw, Russell (February 24, 1997). "Click me Elmo: Kids TV goes online", Electronic Media. , accessed through EBSCOhost. ^ "Teaching Day-by-Day A Cornucopia of Activities.", Teaching PreK-8 (November /December 2005). , accessed through EBSCOhost. Borgenicht, David (1998). Sesame Street unpaved. New York: Hyperion Publishing. ISBN 0-7868-6460-95 Cooney, Joan Ganz (2001). "Foreword". In "G" is for growing: Thirty years of research on children and Sesame Street, Fisch, Shalom M. and Rosemarie T. Truglio, eds. Mahweh, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers. ISBN 0-8058-3395-1 Davis, Michael (2008). Street gang: The complete history of Sesame Street. New York: Viking Penguin. ISBN 978-0-670-01996-0 Finch, Christopher (1993). Jim Henson: The works: the art, the magic, the imagination. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-6794-1203* Fisch, Shalom M. and Lewis Bernstein (2001). "Formative research revealed: Methodological and process issues in formative research". In In "G" is for growing: Thirty years of research on children and Sesame Street, Fisch, Shalom M. and Rosemarie T. Truglio, eds. Mahweh, New Jersey:
Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers. ISBN 0-8058-3395-1-4 Gladwell, Malcolm (2000). The tipping point: How little things can make a big difference. New York: Little, Brown, and Company. ISBN 0-316-31696-2 Lesser, Gerald S. and Joel Schneider (2001). "Creation and evolution of the Sesame Street curriculum". In "G" is for growing: Thirty years of research on children and Sesame Street, Fisch, Shalom M. and Rosemarie T. Truglio, eds. Mahweh, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers. ISBN 0-8058-3395-1 Palmer, Edward L. and Shalom M. Fisch (2001). "The beginnings of Sesame Street Research". In "G" is for growing: Thirty years of research on children and Sesame Street, Fisch, Shalom M. and Rosemarie T. Truglio, eds. Mahweh, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers. ISBN 0-8058-3395-1 Truglio, Rosemarie T. and Shalom M. Fisch (2001). "Introduction". In "G" is for growing: Thirty years of research on children and Sesame Street, Fisch, Shalom M. and Rosemarie T. Truglio, eds. Mahweh, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers. ISBN 0-8058-3395-1  See also Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Sesame Street Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Sesame Street Wikinews has related Sesame Street news: October 28: Rumors false about Britney Spears on Sesame Street July 3: Sesame Street Live near the finish of its 27th season June 8: Wikinews attends appearance by Bob from Sesame Street, at Sesame Place May 16: Wikinews attends Christy Carlson Romano concert in Sesame Place May 5: Abby Cadabby debuts at Sesame Place today as a walkaround character July 24: Critics honor 2004-2005 best in U.S. TV July 17: US Congress House panel OKs big cut in public broadcasting funds July 11: House subcommittee approves massive cuts for public broadcasting July 2: Laura Bush visits Middle East in goodwill tour July 2: Sesame Street to promote healthy lifestyles Muppets portal The Muppets Pop culture influenced by Sesame Street (including Wonder Showzen and Avenue Q) Fraggle Rock The Muppet Show Sesame Street: Old School Snuffy's Parents Get a Divorce Sesame Street internationally List of awards won by Sesame Street  External links PBS Kids: Official Site Sesame Workshop Muppet Wiki SesameStreet.org Sesame Street Live [show]v • d • eSesame Street General Sesame Workshop • History • The Muppets • Characters Segments Cecille The Ball · Elmo's World • Bert and Ernie • Grover series • Healthy Habits for Life • Sesame Street News Flash • Monsterpiece Theater • Teeny Little Super Guy · others... Spin-offs Follow That Bird • The Adventures of Elmo in Grouchland • Play with Me Sesame • Sesame Beginnings • Sesame Street Unpaved • Tickle Me Elmo • Elmo Live Production Puppeteers • Crew • Animators • Emmy Awards • Songs • Discography [show]v • d • ePBS Kids shows Current shows Angelina Ballerina · Barney & Friends · Betsy's Kindergarten Adventures · The Berenstain Bears* · Between the Lions · Caillou · Clifford the Big Red Dog* · Clifford's Puppy Days · Curious George · Franny's Feet · It's a Big Big World · Jakers! The Adventures of Piggley Winks · Jay Jay: The Jet Plane · Mama Mirabelle's Home Movies · Martha Speaks · Mister Rogers' Neighborhood* · Reading Rainbow* · Sagwa, the Chinese Siamese Cat* · Sesame Street · Super Why! · Sid the Science Kid · Thomas and Friends · WordWorld · Zoboomafoo* PBS Kids GO! programs Arthur · Cyberchase · DragonflyTV · The Electric Company (2009) · FETCH! with Ruff Ruffman · Maya & Miguel · Postcards from Buster · WordGirl · ZOOM* Past Shows 3-2-1 Contact · Adventures from the Book of Virtues† · Adventures of Dudley the Dragon§ · Bill Nye the Science Guy · Big Comfy Couch§ · Bob the Builder · Boobah · Captain Kangaroo§ · Charlie Horse Music Pizza · Dragon Tales · The Electric Company (1971) · Gerbert§ · George Shrinks · Ghostwriter · The Huggabug Club§ · In the Mix · Katie and Orbie§ · Kidsongs§ · Kratts' Creatures · Lamb Chop's Play-Along† · Liberty's Kids~ · Long Ago & Far Away · The Magic School Bus∞ · Mark Kistler's Imagination Station§ · Newton's Apple · Noddy · Pappyland§ · PBS Kids Bookworm Bunch · Peep and the Big Wide World · Powerhouse · The Puzzle Place · Shining Time Station · Square One Television · Seven Little Monsters · Teletubbies · Theodore Tugboat† · Tots TV · Where in the World is Carmen Sandiego? · Where in Time is Carmen Sandiego? · Wimzie's House · Wishbone* · Zoobilee Zoo§ Note This list does not include shows from networks airing PBS Kids shows that aren't funded directly by PBS, such as shows created by and funded by local PBS affiliates. See also PBS network shows · Educational television * No new episodes are being produced; reruns still airing on many major PBS stations or on PBS Sprout. § Not distributed via PBS, but by American Public Television. † Now airing on Qubo Channel. ~-Airing (as of 2008[update]) on History Channel. ∞-Airing (as of 2008[update]) on Discovery Kids. Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sesame_Street" Categories: 1969 television series debuts | 1960s American television series | 1970s American television series | 1980s American television series | 1990s American television series | 2000s American television series | Children's television series | Educational television series | Fictional neighborhoods | Fictional streets and roads | Television programs featuring puppetry | PBS network shows | Sesame Street | Sesame Workshop | Television series by Sesame Workshop | Television shows set in New York City | Peabody Award winners | Early childhood education
227's YouTube "Chili" - STOMP THE YARD (BLACK COLLEGE STEP SHOW MOVIE) Starring Columbus Short, Meagan Good, Ne-Yo, Darrin Henson, Chris Brown, Brian White, Las Alonso, Valerie Pettiford & Harry Lennix (NBA Mix)!
Beyonce * Maxwell * Mario ft. Gucci Mane & sean Garrett * Drake ft. Lil Wayne * Ginuwine * Fabolous Featuring The-Dream * Keyshia Cole Duet With Monica * Jay-Z, Rihanna & Kanye West * Gucci Mane Featuring Plies * Mary Mary Featuring Kierra "KiKi" Sheard * Ice Cream Paint Job * Pleasure P * Mariah Carey * Trey Songz * Trey Songz Featuring Gucci Mane & Soulja Boy Tell'em * R. Kelly Featuring Keri Hilson * K'Jon * Young Money * Twista Featuring Erika Shevon * Yo Gotti * New Boyz * Jeremih * Keri Hilson Featuring Kanye West & Ne-Yo * Musiq Soulchild * Whitney Houston * Anthony Hamilton * Charlie Wilson * Chrisette Michele * Jamie Foxx Featuring T-Pain * Plies * LeToya Featuring Ludacris * Mary J. Blige Featuring Drake * Mullage * Charlie Wilson * Jamie Foxx Featuring Drake, Kanye West + The-Dream * Jamie Foxx Featuring Drake, Kanye West + The-Dream * Jeremih * Mishon * Jennifer Hudson * Clipse Featuring Pharrell Williams * Kid Cudi Featuring Kanye West & Common * Raphael Saadiq Featuring Stevie Wonder & CJ * Anthony Hamilton Featuring David Banner * Jazmine Sullivan * Trey Songz Featuring Drake * F.L.Y. (Fast Life Yungstaz) * Laura Izibor
Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube Chili")!
Beyonce * Shakira * Jordin Sparks * Mariah Carey * New Boyz * Jason DeRulo * Mario ft. Gucci Mane & Sean Garrett * Katy Perry * The Black Eyed Peas * Colby Caillat * Fabolous ft. The Dream * Jason Aldean * Daughtry * Lady Gaga * Michael Franti & Spearhead Featuring Cherine Anderson * Boys Like Girls * Flo Rida Featuring Ne-Yo * Dorrough * Green Day * Linkin Park * Pink * Justin Bieber * Rob Thomas * Maxwell * Jason Mraz * Young Money * The Fray * Rascal Flatts * Zac Brown Band * Shinedown * Disney's Friends For Change * Toby Keith * Darius Rucker * Cascada * Billy Currington * Justin Moore * Kid Cudi Featuring Kanye West & Common * Keith Urban * Randy Houser * Drake Featuring Lil Wayne * Jeremih * Pearl Jam * Kelly Clarkson * George Strait * LMFAO * Twista Featuring Erika Shevon * Uncle Kracker * Eric Church * Jack Ingram * Love And Theft * Parachute * Chris Young * Theory Of A Deadman * Tim McGraw * Sean Paul * Gloriana * Creed * Ginuwine * Keyshia Cole Duet With Monica * Blake Shelton * Iyaz
2009 NCAA Basketball Tournament! List of NCAA Division 1 Teams & Coaches at 227!
America East Conference Albany - Will Brown Binghamton - Kevin Broadus Boston University - Dennis Wolff Hartford - Dan Leibovitz Maine - Ted Woodward New Hampshire - Bill Herrion Stony Brook - Steve Pikiell UMBC - Randy Monroe Vermont - Mike Lonergan 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! America East Conference
Atlantic 10 Conference Charlotte - Bobby Lutz Dayton - Brian Gregory Duquesne - Ron Everhart Fordham - Dereck Whittenburg George Washington - Karl Hobbs La Salle - John Giannini Rhode Island - Jim Baron Richmond - Chris Mooney St. Bonaventure - Mark Schmidt Saint Joseph's - Phil Martelli Saint Louis - Rick Majerus Temple - Fran Dunphy UMass - Derek Kellogg Xavier - Sean Miller 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic 10 Conference
Atlantic Coast Conference Boston College - Al Skinner Clemson - Oliver Purnell Duke - Mike Krzyzewski Florida State - Leonard Hamilton Georgia Tech - Paul Hewitt Maryland - Gary Williams Miami (Florida) - Frank Haith North Carolina - Roy Williams North Carolina State - Sidney Lowe Virginia - Dave Leitao Virginia Tech - Seth Greenberg Wake Forest - Dino Gaudio 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic Coast Conference
Atlantic Sun Conference Belmont - Rick Byrd Campbell - Robbie Laing East Tennessee State - Murry Bartow Florida Gulf Coast - Dave Balza Jacksonville - Cliff Warren Kennesaw State - Tony Ingle Lipscomb - Scott Sanderson Mercer - Bob Hoffman North Florida - Matt Kilcullen Stetson - Derek Waugh USC Upstate - Eddie Payne 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic Sun Conference
Big 12 Conference Baylor - Scott Drew Colorado - Jeff Bzdelik Iowa State - Greg McDermott Kansas - Bill Self Kansas State - Frank Martin Missouri - Mike Anderson Nebraska - Doc Sadler Oklahoma - Jeff Capel III Oklahoma State - Travis Ford Texas - Rick Barnes Texas A&M - Mark Turgeon Texas Tech - Pat Knight 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big 12 Conference
Big East Conference Cincinnati - Mick Cronin Connecticut - Jim Calhoun DePaul - Jerry Wainwright Georgetown - John Thompson III Louisville - Rick Pitino Marquette - Buzz Williams Notre Dame - Mike Brey Pittsburgh - Jamie Dixon Providence - Keno Davis Rutgers - Fred Hill St. John's - Norm Roberts Seton Hall - Bobby Gonzalez South Florida - Stan Heath Syracuse - Jim Boeheim Villanova - Jay Wright West Virginia - Bobby Huggins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big East Conference
Big Sky Conference Eastern Washington - Kirk Earlywine Idaho State - Joe O'Brien Montana - Wayne Tinkle Montana State - Brad Huse Northern Arizona - Mike Adras Northern Colorado - Tad Boyle Portland State - Ken Bone Sacramento State - Brian Katz Weber State - Randy Rahe 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big Sky Conference
Big South Conference Charleston Southern - Barclay Radebaugh Coastal Carolina - Cliff Ellis Gardner-Webb - Rick Scruggs High Point - Bart Lundy Liberty - Ritchie McKay Presbyterian - Gregg Nibert Radford - Brad Greenberg UNC-Asheville - Eddie Biedenbach VMI - Duggar Baucom Winthrop - Randy Peele 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big South Conference
Big Ten Conference Illinois - Bruce Weber Indiana - Tom Crean Iowa - Todd Lickliter Michigan - John Beilein Michigan State - Tom Izzo Minnesota - Tubby Smith Northwestern - Bill Carmody Ohio State - Thad Matta Penn State - Ed DeChellis Purdue - Matt Painter Wisconsin - Bo Ryan 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big Ten Conference
Big West Conference Cal Poly - Kevin Bromley Cal State Fullerton - Bob Burton Cal State Northridge - Bobby Braswell Long Beach State - Dan Monson Pacific - Bob Thomason UC Davis - Gary Stewart UC Irvine - Pat Douglass UC Riverside - Jim Wooldridge UC Santa Barbara - Bob Williams 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big West Conference
Colonial Athletic Association Delaware - Monte Ross Drexel - Bruiser Flint George Mason - Jim Larranaga Georgia State - Rod Barnes Hofstra - Tom Pecora James Madison - Matt Brady Northeastern - Bill Coen Old Dominion - Blaine Taylor Towson - Pat Kennedy UNC-Wilmington - Benny Moss Virginia Commonwealth - Anthony Grant William & Mary - Tony Shaver 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Colonial Athletic Association
Conference USA East Carolina - Mack McCarthy Houston - Tom Penders Marshall - Donnie Jones Memphis - John Calipari Rice - Ben Braun Southern Methodist - Matt Doherty Southern Mississippi - Larry Eustachy Tulane - Dave Dickerson Tulsa - Doug Wojcik UAB - Mike Davis UCF - Kirk Speraw UTEP - Tony Barbee 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Conference USA
Horizon League - Butler - Brad Stevens Cleveland State - Gary Waters Detroit - Ray McCallum Loyola (Chicago) - Jim Whitesell UIC - Jimmy Collins UW-Green Bay - Tod Kowalczyk UW-Milwaukee - Rob Jeter Valparaiso - Homer Drew Wright State - Brad Brownell Youngstown State - Jerry Slocum 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Horizon League
Independents Bryant - Tim O'Shea Cal State Bakersfield - Keith Brown Chicago State - Benjy Taylor Houston Baptist - Ron Cottrell Longwood - Mike Gillian New Jersey Institute of Technology - Jim Engles North Carolina Central - Henry Dickerson Savannah State - Horace Broadnax SIU-Edwardsville - Lennox Forrester Texas-Pan American - Tom Schuberth Utah Valley - Dick Hunsaker 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! NCAA Division I independent schools (basketball)
Ivy League Brown - Jesse Agel Columbia - Joe Jones Cornell - Steve Donahue Dartmouth - Terry Dunn Harvard - Tommy Amaker Penn - Glen Miller Princeton - Sydney Johnson Yale - James Jones 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Ivy League
Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference Canisius - Tom Parrotta Fairfield - Ed Cooley Iona - Kevin Willard Loyola (Maryland) - Jimmy Patsos Manhattan - Barry Rohrssen Marist - Chuck Martin Niagara - Joe Mihalich Rider - Tommy Dempsey St. Peter's - John Dunne Siena - Fran McCaffery 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-American Conference
Mid-American Conference Akron – Keith Dambrot Ball State – Billy Taylor Bowling Green – Louis Orr Buffalo – Reggie Witherspoon Central Michigan – Ernie Ziegler Eastern Michigan – Charles Ramsey Kent State – Geno Ford Miami – Charlie Coles Northern Illinois – Ricardo Patton Ohio – John Groce Toledo – Gene Cross Western Michigan – Steve Hawkins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-American Conference
Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference Bethune-Cookman - Clifford Reed Coppin State - Ron Mitchell Delaware State - Greg Jackson Florida A&M - Mike Gillespie Hampton - Kevin Nickelberry Howard - Gil Jackson Maryland-Eastern Shore - Meredith Smith Morgan State - Todd Bozeman Norfolk State - Anthony Evans North Carolina A&T - Jerry Eaves South Carolina State - Tim Carter Winston-Salem State - Bobby Collins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference
Missouri Valley Conference Bradley - Jim Les Creighton - Dana Altman Drake - Mark Phelps Evansville - Marty Simmons Illinois State - Tim Jankovich Indiana State - Kevin McKenna Missouri State - Cuonzo Martin Northern Iowa - Ben Jacobson Southern Illinois - Chris Lowery Wichita State - Gregg Marshall 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Missouri Valley Conference
Mountain West Conference Air Force - Jeff Reynolds Brigham Young - Dave Rose Colorado State - Tim Miles New Mexico - Steve Alford San Diego State - Steve Fisher Texas Christian - Neil Dougherty UNLV - Lon Kruger Utah - Jim Boylen Wyoming - Heath Schroyer 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mountain West Conference
Northeast Conference Central Connecticut State - Howie Dickenman Fairleigh Dickinson - Tom Green LIU-Brooklyn - Jim Ferry Monmouth - Dave Calloway Mount St. Mary's - Milan Brown Quinnipiac - Tom Moore Robert Morris - Mike Rice Jr. Sacred Heart - Dave Bike St. Francis (PA) - Don Friday St. Francis (NY) - Brian Nash Wagner - Mike Deane 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Northeast Conference
Ohio Valley Conference Austin Peay - Dave Loos Eastern Illinois - Mike Miller Eastern Kentucky - Jeff Neubauer Jacksonville State - James Green Morehead State - Donnie Tyndall Murray State - Billy Kennedy Southeast Missouri - Zac Roman Tennessee-Martin - Bret Campbell Tennessee State - Cy Alexander Tennessee Tech - Mike Sutton 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Ohio Valley Conference
Pacific-10 Conference Arizona - Russ Pennell Arizona State - Herb Sendek California - Mike Montgomery Oregon - Ernie Kent Oregon State - Craig Robinson Stanford - Johnny Dawkins UCLA - Ben Howland USC - Tim Floyd Washington - Lorenzo Romar Washington State - Tony Bennett 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Pacific-10 Conference
Patriot League American - Jeff Jones Army - Jim Crews Bucknell - Dave Paulsen Colgate - Emmett Davis Holy Cross - Ralph Willard Lafayette - Fran O'Hanlon Lehigh - Brett Reed Navy - Billy Lange 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Patriot League
Southeastern Conference Alabama - Philip Pearson Arkansas - John Pelphrey Auburn - Jeff Lebo Florida - Billy Donovan Georgia - Pete Herrmann Kentucky - Billy Gillispie LSU - Trent Johnson Mississippi - Andy Kennedy Mississippi State - Rick Stansbury South Carolina - Darrin Horn Tennessee - Bruce Pearl Vanderbilt - Kevin Stallings 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southeastern Conference
Southern Conference Appalachian State - Houston Fancher Chattanooga - John Shulman The Citadel - Ed Conroy College of Charleston - Bobby Cremins Davidson - Bob McKillop Elon - Ernie Nestor Furman - Jeff Jackson Georgia Southern - Jeff Price Samford - Jimmy Tillette UNC-Greensboro - Mike Dement Western Carolina - Larry Hunter Wofford - Mike Young 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southern Conference
Southland Conference Central Arkansas - Rand Chappell Lamar - Steve Roccaforte McNeese State - Dave Simmons Nicholls State - J. P. Piper Northwestern State - Mike McConathy Sam Houston State - Bob Marlin Southeastern Louisiana - Jim Yarbrough Stephen F. Austin - Danny Kaspar Texas A&M-Corpus Christi - Perry Clark Texas-Arlington - Scott Cross Texas-San Antonio - Brooks Thompson Texas State - Doug Davalos 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southland Conference
Southwestern Athletic Conference Alabama A&M - L. Vann Pettaway Alabama State - Lewis Jackson Alcorn State - Samuel West Arkansas-Pine Bluff - George Ivory Grambling State - Larry Wright Jackson State - Tevester Anderson Mississippi Valley State - Sean Woods Prairie View A&M - Byron Rimm II Southern - Rob Spivery Texas Southern - Tony Harvey 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southwestern Athletic Conference
The Summit League Centenary - Greg Gary IPFW - Dane Fife IUPUI - Ron Hunter North Dakota State - Saul Phillips Oakland - Greg Kampe Oral Roberts - Scott Sutton South Dakota State - Scott Nagy Southern Utah - Roger Reid UMKC - Matt Brown Western Illinois - Derek Thomas 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! The Summit League
Sun Belt Conference Arkansas-Little Rock - Steve Shields Arkansas State - Dickey Nutt Denver - Joe Scott Florida Atlantic - Mike Jarvis Florida International - Sergio Rouco Louisiana-Lafayette - Robert Lee Louisiana-Monroe - Orlando Early Middle Tennessee - Kermit Davis New Orleans - Joe Pasternack North Texas - Johnny Jones South Alabama - Ronnie Arrow Troy - Don Maestri Western Kentucky - Ken McDonald 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Sun Belt Conference
West Coast Conference Gonzaga - Mark Few Loyola Marymount - Rodney Tention Pepperdine - Vance Walberg Portland - Eric Reveno Saint Mary's - Randy Bennett San Diego - Bill Grier San Francisco - Rex Walters Santa Clara - Kerry Keating 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! West Coast Conference
Western Athletic Conference Boise State - Greg Graham Fresno State - Steve Cleveland Hawai?i - Bob Nash Idaho - Don Verlin Louisiana Tech - Kerry Rupp Nevada - Mark Fox New Mexico State - Marvin Menzies San Jose State - George Nessman Utah State - Stew Morrill 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Western Athletic Conference
2Pac 50 Cent A Adam Tensta Akon Aaliyah Ashanti Andre 3000 B Bow Wow Bobby Valentino Beyonce Bone Thugs n Harmony Birdman (rapper) Busta Rhymes Bobby Fischer C Chris Brown Cherish Cassidy Chingy Chamillionaire Christina Milian Chrisette Michele Cashis Ciara Cypress Hill Calzone Mafia Cuban Link D Destiny's Child DJ Clue Demetri Montaque Danity Kane Day 26 Donnie D12 DJ Khaled Dr. Dre E E-40 Eminem Eazy-E F Fabolous Flo Rida Fat Joe Frankie J G G-Unit The Game H Hurricane Chris I Ice Cube J Jay-Z J.R. Rotem J Holiday Jordan Sparks K Kanye West Kelly Rowland keri hilson The Kreators L Lil' Kim Lil' Mo Lil Jon Lil Mama Lloyd Banks Lil Wayne Ludacris Lloyd Lil Mama Lil Eazy-E Leona lewis M MC Hammer Mike Shorey MF Doom Mariah Carey Mario Mary J. Blige N Ne-Yo Nate Dogg Niia N.W.A. Notorious B.I.G. Nas Nick Cannon Nelly Necro O Olivia Omarion Obie Trice Old Dirty Bastard P Public Enemy Plies P Diddy pink Pharcyde Q R Red Cafe Run DMC Ray J R Kelly Rihanna Rick Ross (rapper) S Sean Combs Sean Kingston Snoop Dogg Stargate Sean Garrett Suge Knight Soulja Boy Tell 'Em Stat Quo shakira T The Notorious B.I.G. Tupac Shakur Trina Tyrese T-Pain Three 6 Mafia T.I. Too Phat U Usher V V.I.C. W Warren G Wyclef Jean Wu Tang Clan will.i.am X Xzibit Y Young Jeezy Yung Berg Z
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Annie Lennox B'z Britney Spears Carlos Santana Dalida Earth, Wind & Fire Eddy Arnold Eminem Eurythmics Gloria Estefan Hibari Misora Journey Scorpions Van Halen Ace of Base Alan Jackson Country Alice Cooper Hard rock Andrea Bocelli Opera The Andrews Sisters Swing Ayumi Hamasaki Pop Black Sabbath Heavy metal Barbra Streisand Pop / Adult contemporary Beach Boys Rock Pop Bob Dylan Folk / Rock Bob Seger Rock Boston Arena rock Boyz II Men R&B Bruce Springsteen Rock Bryan Adams Def Leppard Destiny's Child R&B / Pop Dreams Come True Pop / Jazz Duran Duran Enya Ireland Four Tops George Strait Glay Iron Maiden Jay-Z Hip hop Jean Michel Jarre Jethro Tull Johnny Cash Kazuhiro Moriuchi Kiss Hard rock Kenny G Kylie Minogue Luis Miguel Linkin Park Meat Loaf Michael Bolton Mills Brothers Mötley Crüe Mr.Children Nat King Cole New Kids on the Block Nirvana 'N Sync Oasis Orhan Gencebay Pearl Jam Petula Clark Red Hot Chili Peppers The Police Ray Conniff Reba McEntire R.E.M. Richard Clayderman Ricky Martin Robbie Williams Roxette Sweden Shakira Colombia
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Jamaal Al-Din, a native of Grand Rapids, Michigan and former leading scorer of Olympic Basketball and LSU great, Ed Palubinskas brings to you Michigan State University's and the NBA's Earvin "Magic" Johnson at 227's YouTube "MAGIC!" provided by Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227-the everything basketball website, featuring YouTube Videos and Wikipedia information on the legendary Earvin "Magic" Johnson, The Magic Johnson Foundation, Magic Johnson Enterprises, and everything including the magical phrase..."MAGIC!" 227's YouTube "MAGIC!"
As we look to expand basketball marketing, camps and clinics nationally, our basketball affiliate programs are scheduled to begin in March of 2008. Our affiliates, exciting, take a look at this list: ebay, StubHub.com, Yahoo Affiliate Program!, TickCo Premium Seating, RazorGator Affiliate Program, SightSell, VistaPrint.com, Pokeorder and WeHaveSeats.com. Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 welcomes our affiliate partners for 2008. Among the items offered our NCAA & NBA basketball tickets both premium and discounted rates. Basketball shoes and apparel for kids, fans, players and coaches ranging from Air Jordans, LeBron James, NIKE, Adidas, AND1, hats, collectibles and memoralbilia! Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- The everything basketball website!
?227's YouTube "Chili" features these exciting YouTube music and entertainment celebrities...click onto to these 227 YouTube "Chili" links, channels and articles for the most watched YouTube hip-hop music videos in the world!
Sean Kingston, Justin Timberlake, M.I.A'"Paper Planes!" , Timbaland, 50 Cent, P-Diddy, Kanye West. Rihanna, Chris Brown, T.I.-"Big Things Poppin!" , Rihanna- Hate That I Love You (over 29 million views on YouTube)!, Leona Lewis, Soulja Boy, Britney Spears, Alicia Keys, Avril Lavigne, Alicia Keys- No One, Akon, NE-YO, LL Cool J, Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, Dmx, Jay-z, The Notorious B.I.G, 2PAC, Will Smith, Jonas Brothers, Pink "So What!" , Jordin Sparks feta. Chris Brown- "No Air" Official Music Video-over 33 million views on YouTube!), Lil Jon- get low music movie, Ludacris, Ice Cube, Flo Rida feat. T.Pain Music from the Movie Step Up 2 "Low," Chris Brown*Chris Brown feat. T.Pain- Kiss Kiss (over 51 million views on YouTube)!, Chris Brown-"With You," Chris Brown feat. Lil' Wayne (over 56 million views on YouTube!, Chris Brown "YO," Chris Brown-Run It, Chris Brown- Forever, Wu Tang Clan, The Fugees, Jordin Sparks-Tattoo, Rhianna- Cry, Rihanna- unfaithful, Rhianna- Umbrella (over 43 million views on YouTube/You Tube)!, Ashanti, Fergie Fergalicious, Fergie- Clumsy!, Rhianna- Dont' Stop The Music (over 62 million views on YouTube), Avril Lavign- Girlfriend (over 92 million views on YouTube)!, Clay Aiken, Akon, Christina Aguilera-Hurt, Clay Aiken-On My Way Here, All-American Rejects, All-American Rejects-Move Along, All-American Rejects-It Ends Tonight, Ashley Parker Angel, Michael Jackson ("Thriller"), Backstreet Boys, Augustana, Natasha Bedingfeild, Michael Jackson, Natasha Bedingfield feat. Sean Kingston-Love Like This, Natasha Bedingfield-Pocketful of Sunshine and lots more at 227's YouTube Chili!!! Your source for the world's most watched YouTube Music Videos at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!
Also: Jesse McCartney, Ray J,Usher,Elliott Yamin,Jonas Brothers,Fergie,Taylor Swift, Nelly Furtado, Jennifer Lopez, Flyleaf,Maroon 5,Kanye West,Keyshia Cole, The Pussycat Dolls,Colby O'Donis,Ashanti,R. Kelly,Girlicious, Colbi Calliat, Boy George,Mario,Three Days Grace,Beyonce', Gorillaz,Carrie Underwood,3 Doors Down,Finger Eleven, Ginuwine,Baby Bash,Kid Rock,Joe, Gwen Steffani, Billy Ray Cyrus, Danity Kane, Janel Parrish, Ciara, NLT, Fall Out Boy, Josh Turner, Fantasia and more!