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Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Star Wars Episode I: Phantom Menace Directed by George Lucas Produced by Rick McCallum George Lucas Written by George Lucas Starring Liam Neeson Ewan McGregor Natalie Portman Jake Lloyd Pernilla August Frank Oz Terence Stamp Music by John Williams Cinematography David Tattersall Editing by Paul Martin Smith Ben Burtt Distributed by 20th Century Fox Lucasfilm Release date(s) May 19, 1999 Running time Theatrical Cut: 133 min. DVD Cut: 136 min. Country United States Language English Budget $115,000,000 Gross revenue Worldwide: $924,317,558 Preceded by Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi Followed by Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones Star Wars portal Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace is a 1999 space opera film written and directed by George Lucas. It was the fourth film to be released in the Star Wars saga and the first in terms of internal chronology. The film follows Jedi Knights Qui-Gon Jinn and Obi-Wan Kenobi, who flee the planet Naboo with Queen Amidala in the hope of finding a peaceful end to a trade dispute. Along the way, the ship must stop for repairs on the planet Tatooine, where the Jedi encounter Anakin Skywalker, a young slave boy who is unusually strong with the Force. Meanwhile, they must contend with the mysterious return of the Sith. The release of the film on May 19, 1999 came almost sixteen years after the previous film in the series, Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi. Lucas began production when he felt special effects had advanced to the level of what he had envisioned for the film. Shooting took place during 1997 at various locations including Leavesden Film Studios and the Tunisian desert. The release was accompanied by extensive media coverage and great anticipation. Despite mixed reviews by critics, it grossed US$924.3 million worldwide, and is the highest-grossing Star Wars film. Contents [hide] 1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Production 4 Release 4.1 Home video 5 Reception 5.1 Box office performance 5.2 Awards 6 Historical and cultural allusions 7 References to the original trilogy 8 Soundtrack 9 Novelization 10 References 11 External links  Plot The Galactic Republic is in a period of decline, its bureaucracy bloated and corrupt, its economy deteriorating. In response to a taxation on trade routes, the greedy Trade Federation organizes a blockade of battleships around the small planet of Naboo. Hoping to resolve the matter, the Supreme Chancellor dispatches two Jedi, Qui-Gon Jinn and his apprentice Obi-Wan Kenobi, to negotiate with Trade Federation Viceroy Nute Gunray. Unbeknownst to them, the Trade Federation is in league with the evil Sith Lord Darth Sidious, who orders them to invade Naboo with an army of battle droids and kill the Jedi. Narrowly evading death, the two Jedi stow aboard landing crafts and escape to Naboo. On the surface, Qui-Gon saves local Gungan outcast Jar Jar Binks from being trampled by a Federation hovertank. Indebted to the Jedi, Jar Jar leads them to the underwater Gungan city of Otoh Gunga, where the Jedi unsuccessfully attempt to persuade the Gungans to help the people of Naboo, though they are able to obtain an transport to reach the city of Theed on the surface. Queen Amidala of the Naboo is captured by the Federation droid invasion army, but is rescued by the Jedi, with Jar Jar in tow. The Queen escapes Naboo with the Jedi on her personal starship, which is damaged on its way through the blockade surrounding the planet, forcing them to land on the nearby desert planet Tatooine for repairs. Qui-Gon ventures into the settlement of Mos Espa with Padmé, one of the Queen's handmaidens, to a junk shop to purchase a new hyperdrive generator. There they meet a young slave child named Anakin Skywalker, who takes an immediate liking to Padmé. After spending time with Anakin, Qui-Gon senses a strong presence of the Force within him, and suspects he may be the Chosen One who will bring balance to the Force. Qui-Gon makes a bet with Anakin's owner to enter him in a Podrace, and that if Anakin wins, he will be freed. With Qui-Gon's guidance, Anakin manages to win the race and joins the group. Before they leave, they are attacked by Darth Sidious' apprentice, Darth Maul, who was dispatched to try and capture the Queen, though they manage to escape. The Jedi escort the Queen to the Republic capital planet of Coruscant so she can plead her people's case to the Galactic Senate. Qui-Gon, meanwhile, attempts to persuade the Jedi Council to train Anakin as a Jedi, though they refuse as Anakin is too old and has too many attachments, which would risk him turning to the dark side of the Force. Within the Senate, Senator Palpatine of Naboo convinces the Queen to move for a vote of no confidence in the Supreme Chancellor so they can vote for a new, stronger Chancellor who will help end the conflict. However, she grows frustrated with the lack of action by the Senate, and ultimately decides to return to Naboo with the Jedi. Back on Naboo, Padmé reveals herself to be Queen Amidala, the other "Queen" having been a decoy for her own protection. The Queen convinces the Gungan people to form an alliance against the Trade Federation. While the comically inept Jar Jar leads his people in a battle against the droid army and the Queen moves in to capture Viceroy Gunray in Theed, Anakin commandeers a vacant starfighter and joins the dogfight against the Federation droid control ship in space, using his skills with the Force to destroy it and deactivate the entire droid army. The Jedi, meanwhile, encounter Darth Maul once more and engage him in a two-on-one lightsaber duel. Qui-Gon is mortally wounded in the battle, though Obi-Wan manages to fell the Sith once and for all. With his dying breaths, Qui-Gon tells Obi-Wan to train Anakin. Senator Palpatine is elected as the new Supreme Chancellor, Viceroy Gunray is sent to stand trial for his crimes, and the Jedi Council reluctantly allows Anakin to become Obi-Wan's apprentice. At a grand ceremony, Queen Amidala presents a gift of appreciation and friendship to the Gungan people.  Cast Liam Neeson as Qui-Gon Jinn: A Jedi Master and mentor to Obi-Wan. When he discovers Anakin, he insists that the boy be trained as a Jedi, despite the protests of the council. Ewan McGregor as Obi-Wan Kenobi: Qui-Gon's young Jedi apprentice. He holds Qui-Gon in high regard, but questions his motives at times. Natalie Portman as Queen Padmé Amidala: The young queen of Naboo at 14 years of age, Amidala hopes to protect her planet from a
blockade brought on by the Trade Federation. Keira Knightley plays Queen Amidala's decoy. Jake Lloyd as Anakin Skywalker: A 9-year-old slave boy from Tatooine. He is discovered to have a higher midi-chlorian count than any Jedi, and is therefore exceptionally gifted in the Force. Ian McDiarmid as Senator Palpatine / Darth Sidious: The Senator of Naboo, who grows concerned about Naboo's blockade and defends his position in the Senate. Ahmed Best as Jar Jar Binks: A clumsy Gungan, exiled from his home but taken in by Qui-Gon and Obi-Wan. He accompanies them throughout the film. Pernilla August as Shmi Skywalker: Anakin's mother. She is concerned for her son's future, and lets him leave with the Jedi. Anthony Daniels as C-3PO: A protocol droid built by Anakin, he lacks a metal covering in this film, which R2-D2 refers to as being "naked". Kenny Baker as R2-D2: An astromech droid, notable for saving Queen Amidala's ship when all other droids fail. Ray Park as Darth Maul: A young Zabrak Sith apprentice to Darth Sidious who uses a double-bladed lightsaber. He was voiced by Peter Serafinowicz. Silas Carson as Nute Gunray: The Viceroy of the Trade Federation who leads the invasion of Naboo and tries to force Queen Amidala to sign a treaty to legitimise the occupation. Carson also portrays three minor characters: Jedi Master Ki-Adi-Mundi, Trade Federation Senator Lott Dod, and an ill-fated pilot. Hugh Quarshie as Captain Panaka: a bodyguard of Queen Amidala who is a security guard at Theed Palace. Andy Secombe as Watto: A junk dealer on Tatooine who owns Anakin and his mother as slaves. Lewis MacLeod as Sebulba: An aggressive, scheming Podracer and rival of Anakin. Frank Oz voices Yoda: The leader of the Jedi Council who is apprehensive about allowing Anakin to be trained. Samuel L. Jackson as Mace Windu: A member of the Jedi Council who also opposes the idea of training Anakin. Terence Stamp as Finis Valorum: The current Chancellor who commissions Obi-Wan and Qui-Gon to negotiate with the Trade Federation Viceroy. Brian Blessed voices Boss Nass: The leader of the Gungan tribe who allies with the Naboo and defeats the Trade Federation. Greg Proops as Fode and Beed, the two headed announcer of the Boonta's Eve Race. More than 3,000 young actors auditioned for the role of Anakin Skywalker through North America and the United Kingdom. They included child actors Michael Angarano, Justin Berfield, and Haley Joel Osment. The field narrowed to three actors, all of whom were interviewed by Lucas and then screen-tested with Natalie Portman.  Production George Lucas began writing the new Star Wars trilogy on November 1, 1994. The screenplay for Star Wars was adapted from Lucas' 15-page outline that was written in 1976. The early outline was originally designed to help Lucas track the character backstories and what events had taken place before the original trilogy. While the working title for the film was The Beginning, Lucas later revealed the true title to be The Phantom Menace; a nod to Senator Palpatine's true nature as seemingly good and just in public, but in private a manipulative Sith Lord. The lightsaber battles are influenced by kendo and kenjutsu.Within three to four months of Lucas beginning the writing process, Doug Chiang and his design team started a two-year process of reviewing thousands of designs for the film. Stunt coordinator Nick Gillard was recruited to create a new Jedi fighting style for the new trilogy. Gillard referred to the lightsaber battles
as akin to a chess game "with every move being a check." Because of their short-range weapons, Gillard theorized that the Jedi would have had to develop a fighting style that merged every swordfighting style, such as kendo and other kenjutsu styles, with other swinging techniques, such as tennis swings and tree-chopping. While training Liam Neeson and Ewan McGregor, Gillard would write a sequence to be an estimated 60 seconds in length, meant to be among five to six sequences per fight. Lucas later referred to Jedi as being "negotiators", rather than high-casualty soldiers. The preference of hand-to-hand combat was implemented to give a more spiritual and intellectual role to the Jedi. Filming began on June 26, 1997 and ended on September 30 of that year, primarily taking place at Leavesden Film Studios in England, with additional location shooting in the Tunisian desert for the Tatooine scenes and the Italian Caserta Palace for the Theed City Naboo Palace interior. The city of Mos Espa was built in the desert outside Tozeur. On the night following the third day of shooting in Tozeur, an unexpected sandstorm destroyed many sets and props. With a quick rescheduling to allow for repairs, production was able to leave Tunisia on the exact day originally planned. Nine R2-D2 models were created; seven could run in the sand or on the stage, one was for Kenny Baker to be dropped into, and one was a "pneumatic" R2 that was able to shift from two to three legs. During filming in Tunisia and on sets to replicate the environment, the standard model was prone to skidding off in strange directions and having its motors lock up from the sand. Having confronted similar problems before, Lucas allowed two companies, Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) and the production's British special effects department, to create their own versions of the perfect R2-D2. The finished product needed to navigate deep sand, light sand, and door jambs. ILM's R2-D2 featured two wheelchair motors capable of pushing 440 pounds (198 kilograms) of weight. The British effects company produced a new foot and motor drive system, allowing R2 to drive over sand. The ILM version was primarily used on stage sets, whereas the British version was used in Tunisia. Up until the production of Star Wars, many special effects in the film industry were achieved by the use of miniature models, matte paintings, and on-set visual effects, although other films had made extensive use of computer-generated imagery (CGI). Visual effects supervisor John Knoll previewed 3,500 storyboards for the film, with Lucas accompanying him to explain what factors of the shots would be practical and what would be created through visual effects. Knoll later recounted that on hearing the explanations of the storyboards, he was unaware of any way to accomplish what he had seen. The result was to mix original techniques with the newest digital techniques to make it difficult for the viewer to guess which technique was being used. New computer software was written by Knoll and his visual effects team to create certain shots in the film. Another goal was to create computer-generated characters that could act seamlessly with live-action actors. While filming scenes with CGI characters, Lucas would block the characters using their corresponding voice actor on-set. The voice actors were then removed and the live-action actors would perform the same scene alone. A CGI character would later be added into the shot, completing the conversation.  Release As well as Lucasfilm's $20 million advertising campaign—with the distinctive artwork of Star Wars series artist Drew Struzan gracing the movie poster and other advertising—the release of the first new Star Wars film in 16 years was accompanied by a considerable amount of hype. Few film studios released films during the same week as the release of The Phantom Menace; among the more courageous were DreamWorks and Universal Studios, with the releases of The Love Letter and Notting Hill respectively. The Love Letter resulted in a box-office flop, whereas Notting Hill fared rather well and followed The Phantom Menace closely in second place. Challenger, Gray & Christmas of Chicago, a work-issues consulting firm, estimated that 2.2 million full-time employees did not appear for work to attend the film, resulting in $293 million in lost productivity. According to The Wall Street Journal, so many workers announced plans to view premiere screenings that many companies shut down on the opening day. Queue areas formed outside cinema theaters over a month in advance of ticket sales. More theater lines appeared when it was announced that the film cinemas were not allowed to sell tickets in advance until two weeks into the release. This was done out of fear that family theater-goers would either be unable to receive tickets or would be forced to pay higher prices. Tickets were instead to be sold on a traditional first-come-first-serve basis. However, after meetings with the National Association of Theatre Owners, Lucasfilm agreed to allow advance ticket sales on May 12, 1999, provided that there be a 12-ticket limit per customer. As a result, however, some advance tickets were sold by "scalpers" as high as $100 apiece, which a distribution chief called "horrible", stating it was exactly what they wanted to avoid. Daily Variety reported that theater owners received strict instructions from Lucasfilm that
the film could only play in the cinema's largest auditorium for the first 8–12 weeks; no honor passes were allowed for the first eight weeks, and they were obligated to send their payments to distributor 20th Century Fox within seven days. Servers at the film's official website became gridlocked soon after the release of the first teaser trailer, and there were even reports that people were paying full admission at theaters just to see the trailer. The theatrical trailer caused even more notable media hype, because it not only premiered in theaters, but screened at the ShoWest Convention in Las Vegas, and was aired on Entertainment Tonight and Access Hollywood. An unusual marketing scheme was pursued across the United Kingdom, where the teaser trailer was released on December 2, 1998 and then pulled from theaters six weeks later. Despite worries about whether the film would be finished in time, two weeks before its theatrical release Lucasfilm pushed the release date up from May 21, 1999 to May 19, 1999. At the ShoWest Convention, Lucas stated that the change was to give the fans a "head start" by allowing them to view it over the week and allowing families the chance to view on the weekends. In a nod toward his future with digital technology, Lucas stated that the film would be released on four digital projectors on June 18, 1999. Eleven charity premieres were staged across the United States on May 16, 1999; receipts from the Los Angeles event were given to the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation with corporate packages available for $5,000–$25,000. Other charity premieres included the Dallas premiere for Children's Medical Center, the Aubrey Fund for Pediatric Cancer Research at the Sloan-Kettering Hospital in New York, the Big Brother/Sister Assn. of the Philadelphia premiere, and the Children's National Medical Center in Washington D.C. A statement said that tickets were sold at $500 apiece and that certain sections were set aside for disadvantaged children.  Home video Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace was released on VHS on April 4, 2000 and on DVD in November 2001. It was the first Star Wars film to be officially released on DVD. The DVD version of the film had certain scenes and other elements edited and inserted by George Lucas, making it slightly different from its theatrical release while retaining an identical plot. Some scenes were modified, and some that were unfinished by the date of release were added to the film. The DVD features a commentary track by Lucas, producer Rick McCallum, editor Ben Burtt, animation director Rob Coleman, and visual effects supervisors John Knoll, Dennis Muren, and Scott Squires. It includes seven deleted scenes completed specifically for the DVD, and The Beginning: Making Episode I, an hour-long documentary film drawn from more than 600 hours of footage, including an insider's look at Lucasfilm and ILM during the production. The Widescreen version of the DVD also bears the tagline; "Every Saga has a Beginning" on the top-front of the cover. It was also released on LaserDisc in Japan, several months before it was available on DVD in the US. There has never been an American LaserDisc version of the film. The DVD version was re-released in a prequel trilogy box set on November 4, 2008.  Reception The Phantom Menace received mixed reviews from film critics and fans. It has a "fresh" rating from Rotten Tomatoes of 63 percent with an average rating of 6/10 (39 percent when filtered to include only professional critics). Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave it three and a half stars (out of four), praising its visual effects and calling it "exhilarating". Some aspects of the scripting were criticized. Much criticism was directed at the character of Jar Jar Binks, who was regarded by many members of the older fan community as purely a merchandising opportunity rather than a serious character in the film. In defense of the character, George Lucas stated that the Star Wars films are also for children and that the original trilogy also drew similar criticism from fans over the characters R2-D2, C-3PO, and Yoda. He also criticized the American media for using fan opinions from the Internet as a reliable source for their news stories. In 2002, with the release of Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones, McGregor said that the film slightly lacked in some of the "humor and color" of the forthcoming Episodes. He felt as a result of bearing the weight of setting up the entire saga, it seemed "kind of flat". On the other hand, many fans and critics agree that the lightsaber duel between Qui-Gon Jinn, Obi-Wan Kenobi and Darth Maul — showcasing high-flying choreography and Ray Park's martial arts skills — is a high point, and one of the best lightsaber duels in the entire Star Wars saga. Nevertheless Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace was rated by Entertainment Weekly as one of the "The 25 Worst Sequels Ever Made". James Berardinelli was later to note "The Phantom Menace was probably the most overhyped motion picture of the last decade (if not longer), and its reputation suffered as a result of its inability to satisfy unreasonable expectations."  The introduction of midi-chlorians (microscopic organisms that allow communication with the Force) in the film has been controversial. Those against it have seen it as a concept that negates the spiritual quality of the Force. Film historian Daniel Dinello notes, "Anathema to Star Wars fanatics who thought they reduced the Force to a kind of viral infection, midi-chlorians provide a biological interface, the link between physical
bodies and spiritual energy." Religion expert John D. Caputo adds, "In the 'Gospel according to Lucas' a world is conjured up in which the intractable oppositions that have tormented religious thinkers for centuries are reconciled. ... The gifts that the Jedi masters enjoy have a perfectly plausible scientific basis, even if its ways are mysterious: their bodily cells have a heavier than usual concentration of 'midi-chlorians.'" After the release of the film, there was controversy over whether several alien characters reflected racial stereotypes, notably: the oafish, slow-witted Jar Jar Binks had long droopy ears reminiscent of dreadlocks and spoke with what many perceived as a Caribbean patois (particularly Jamaican Creole); the greedy and corrupt Neimoidians of the Trade Federation spoke with Asian accents; and the unprincipled desert trader Watto is interpreted by some as a Fagin-esque Jewish stereotype. Lucas has categorically denied all of these implications; however, animator Rob Coleman admitted that he viewed footage of Alec Guinness as Fagin in Oliver Twist to inspire his animators in creating Watto.  Box office performance The Phantom Menace was 1999's most successful film, earning more than $431 million in North America and $493 million elsewhere. The worldwide total was some $924 million, making it the ninth highest grossing film of all time. The Phantom Menace also accumulated a number of box office records. It broke the record for the largest single-day gross for a single movie by earning more than $28 million opening-day. It was not until the 2001 film Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone was released that these numbers were greatly exceeded. The Phantom Menace, in a record five days, passed the $100 million mark, breaking the record set by The Lost World: Jurassic Park by 24 hours (the record has since been reduced to just two days, by Spider-Man 3), and now the biggest opening weekend is The Dark Knight. However The Phantom Menace could not take the record for biggest opening weekend, grossing $64.8 million, compared to The Lost World's $72.1 million. Sales reached the $200 million mark in just 13 days, beating the previous record held by Independence Day by seven-and-a-half days. The film took only 28 days to earn $300 million, beating Titanic's record by a 16-day margin. However, the film did not generate enough repeat viewers to dethrone Titanic.  Awards Episode I was nominated for three Academy Awards, more than Episodes II and III: Ben Burtt and Tom Bellfort received the nomination for Best Sound Effects; John Knoll, Dennis Muren, Scott Squires, and Rob Coleman received the nomination for Best Visual Effects; Gary Rydstrom, Tom Johnson, Shawn Murphy, and John Midgley received the nomination for Best Sound. However, The Matrix captivated Academy voters, and became the first film to beat a Star Wars film for the visual effects Academy Award; also, Phantom Menace became the first film in the series to not receive nominations for Art Direction or Original Score. In contrast, the film received several pre-planned Golden Raspberry, or Razzie, nominations. These included Worst Picture, Worst Director, Worst Screenplay, Worst Supporting Actor (Jake Lloyd as Anakin), Worst Supporting Actress (Sofia Coppola as Saché), Worst Screen Couple (Jake Lloyd and Natalie Portman), and won the Worst Supporting Actor category with Jar Jar Binks actor Ahmed Best.  Historical and cultural allusions See also: Star Wars sources and analogues Like previous Star Wars films, The Phantom Menace makes several references to both historical events and films that George Lucas viewed in his youth. The Star Wars movies typically mix several selected concepts from different mythologies and religions together. The horns and tattoos of Darth Maul drew upon depictions of the Devil.The Jedi Knights practice Zen-like mind training and martial arts, as did the ancient Japanese Samurai warriors. The name "Qui-Gon" paraphrases the term Qigong, which refers to a Chinese discipline involving meditation and the cultivation of an unseen force "Chi" or "Qi" for healing, health and combat. The words ki (Japanese) and chi (Chinese) are translations of the Indian term, "Prana", referring to the energy thought to flow through all living things from the source of all chi (or power) which is "The Way" or "The Tao" in Chinese philosophy. The Tao can be seen in Star Wars as The Way of the Force or the Force itself. The Force itself is one, though it has both a light and dark side. In Taoist philosophy The Way is understood to have two sides, yin and yang. Unlike Chinese philosophy, where yin and yang are not moral qualities, the ancient Persian philosophy of Zurvanism taught that the dualism of dark and light forces are locked in eternal battle while at the same time being two sides (or evolutes) of the same "Force", the force of time itself (Zurvan): the prime mover. These elements derive primarily from Eastern and Iranian religions and myths. There are many Christian and Biblical references in the film, such as the appearance of Darth Maul, whose design draws heavily from traditional depictions of the Christian Devil, complete with red skin and horns. The Star Wars film cycle features a similar religious narrative involving Anakin Skywalker, a "chosen one" conceived of a virgin birth, who is tempted to join the Sith — his sworn enemy — in order to save the life of Padmé Amidala, his secret wife. This action seemingly prevents him from fulfilling his duty as the "Chosen One" — the individual prophesied to destroy the Sith. The inspiration behind the story of the "virgin birth" parallels a concept developed by Joseph Campbell and his work on The Hero with a Thousand Faces, the same work that heavily influenced Lucas in his writing of the original Star Wars trilogy. Japanese film such as Akira Kurosawa's The Hidden Fortress was a source of inspiration for Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope, and scholars point out that The Phantom Menace was likewise influenced by Japanese culture. Film historians Geoff King and Tanya Krzywinska assert, "The costume and make-up designs ... favour a mixture of the gothic and the oriental over anything very futuristic. The gothic is most strongly
apparent in Darth Maul's demonic horns and the red and black make-up mask that borrows from the facial designs found in depictions of Japanese demons." King and Krzywinska note that "Qui-Gon's pony tail and Obi-Wan's position of apprentice further encourage a reading in terms of the Samurai tradition." Finally, "Amidala, in keeping with her status and character, has a number of highly formal outfits ... to go with hair sculpted into a curve that frames make-up of a Japanese cast."  References to the original trilogy The films of the prequel trilogy feature events, dialogue and brief references that echo the original trilogy. Lucas has referred to the Star Wars saga as a poem that rhymes. The most well-known of these references is the phrase "I have a bad feeling about this"; the phrase is stated by at least one character in each film. It is one of the first lines in the film and is chronologically the first line spoken by Obi-Wan Kenobi in the films.  Soundtrack Main article: Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (soundtrack) The soundtrack for the film was released by Sony Classical on May 4, 1999. As with previous Star Wars installments, the score was composed and conducted by John Williams. He began recording the score with the London Voices and London Symphony Orchestra at Abbey Road Studios on February 10, 1999. This album featured the score restructured by the composer as a listening experience, it is therefore not in film order and omits many notable cues from the film due to space restrictions of a compact disc. A two-disc "Ultimate Edition" was released on November 14, 2000. The set features the entire score as it is heard in the film, including all of the edits and loops that were made for the sound mix. This is particularly apparent at the conclusion of the second disc, where extensive re-editing of the film meant a lot of cuts in the music that would have been hidden under sound effects, as well as extensive tracking of "Duel of the Fates", which was originally recorded for the album. The original soundtrack CD has full takes of many cues that appear truncated on the "Ultimate Edition." The popular track "Duel of the Fates" is one of the few choral pieces in Star Wars music. The chorus was introduced to give a religious, temple-like feel to the epic lightsaber duel. The theme was later put to a music video that is available on the DVD. The film score received a 2000 Grammy Award nomination.  Novelization Main article: Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (novel) A novelization of the film was written by Terry Brooks. Brooks met with Lucas before writing the book and received his approval and guidance, including information about impending developments in Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones and Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith. This is evident in the passage on Tusken Raiders (which foreshadows the death of Anakin's mother in Attack of the Clones), and in the events leading up to Anakin's fight with the Rodian child Greedo; these events indicate that Anakin's anger derives from his anguish at Padmé's impending departure (foreshadowing the plot of Revenge of the Sith). The novel includes three chapters of material created by Brooks solely for the novel. The first two chapters of the book concern Anakin's next-to-last Podrace and its aftermath; a later chapter describes an encounter between Anakin and a wounded Tusken Raider in the desert. The novelization features one of the first descriptions of the history of the Sith; it is the first Star Wars novel to mention the ancient Sith Lord Darth Bane, who would later become an important character in the franchise's "Expanded Universe" of novels and comic books. According to Terry Brooks' memoir, Sometimes the Magic Works, Lucas spent an hour on the telephone with him discussing the history of the Jedi and the Sith. Therefore, the information on this subject provided in Brooks' novelization can be presumed to derive from Lucas. Brooks devotes an entire chapter of Sometimes the Magic Works to the writing of The Phantom Menace's novelization.  References ^ a b c "Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace". Box Office Mojo. http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=starwars.htm. Retrieved on 2007-09-12. ^ a b 3000 Anakins DVD Special Featurette,  ^ "Haley Joel Osment Biography". Tiscali.film & TV. http://www.tiscali.co.uk/entertainment/film/biographies/haley_joel_osment_biog/2. Retrieved on 2006-06-29. ^ a b c All I Need Is An Idea DVD Special Featurette,  ^ Thousands of Things DVD Special Featurette,  ^ a b Prime of the Jedi DVD Special Featurette,  ^ a b "The Beginning" Making Episode I Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace DVD documentary,  ^ It's Like War Now DVD Special Featurette,  ^ Bad Droid Karma DVD Special Featurette,  ^ Visual Effects DVD Special Featurette,  ^ The Media Business: Advertising--The Hype Is With Us; The Lucas Empire Is Invading; Resistance Is Futile, New York Times, May 14, 1999 ^ "Un-Menaced". IMDb. 1999-04-01. http://www.imdb.com/news/sb/1999-04-01#film1. Retrieved on 2006-07-24. ^ "May 19th: A "Cultural Holiday?"". IMDb. 1999-05-06. http://www.imdb.com/news/sb/1999-05-06#film2. Retrieved on 2006-07-24. ^ "When Will They Start Lining Up?". IMDb. 1999-03-08. http://www.imdb.com/news/sb/1999-03-08#film6. Retrieved on 2006-07-24. ^ "Forces Of Feet". IMDb. 1999-03-26. http://www.imdb.com/news/sb/1999-03-26#film1. Retrieved on 2006-07-24. ^ "The Wait Gets Shorter". IMDb. 1999-04-26. http://www.imdb.com/news/sb/1999-04-26#film1. Retrieved on 2006-07-24. ^ "Scalpers Cleaning Up On The Internet". IMDb. 1999-05-18. http://www.imdb.com/news/sb/1999-05-18#film3. Retrieved on 2006-07-24. ^ "Lucas Calls The Shots". IMDb. 1999-04-06. http://www.imdb.com/news/sb/1999-04-06#film1. Retrieved on 2006-07-24. ^ "Gridlock At Star Wars Site". IMDb. 1998-11-19. http://www.imdb.com/news/sb/1998-11-19#film2. Retrieved on 2006-07-24. ^ "Star Wars Hits Hollywood". IMDb. 1998-11-23. http://www.imdb.com/news/sb/1998-11-23#film7. Retrieved on 2006-07-24. ^ "Lucas: Fox Won't Use New Star Wars Trailer To Hype New Movie". IMDb. 1999-03-10. http://www.imdb.com/news/sb/1999-03-10#film4. Retrieved on 2006-07-24. ^ "Lucas Planning Unusual Star Wars Strategy In UK". IMDb. 1998-12-02. http://www.imdb.com/news/sb/1998-12-02#film4. Retrieved on 2006-07-24. ^ "Not So Far Away". IMDb. 1999-03-11. http://www.imdb.com/news/sb/1999-03-11#film1. Retrieved on 2006-07-24. ^ "L.A. Premiere For Episode 1 Set". IMDb. 1999-03-25. http://www.imdb.com/news/sb/1999-03-25#film6. Retrieved on 2006-07-24. ^ "Kids Causes To Host Star Wars Debut". IMDb. 1999-04-15. http://www.imdb.com/news/sb/1999-04-15#film1. Retrieved on 2006-07-24. ^ "Star Wars Saga Repacked in Trilogy Sets on DVD". Lucasfilm.
StarWars.com. 2008-08-28. http://www.starwars.com/movies/saga/20080826news.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-08. ^ "Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (1999)". Rotten Tomatoes. 1999. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/star_wars_episode_i_the_phantom_menace/. Retrieved on 2006-06-29. ^ Roger Ebert (1999-05-17). "Star Wars – Episode I: The Phantom Menace". rogerebert.com. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19990517/REVIEWS/905170301/1023. Retrieved on 2006-06-29. ^ a b Michael Okwu (1999-06-14). "Jar Jar jars viewers, spawns criticism". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/SHOWBIZ/Movies/9906/09/jar.jar/index.html. Retrieved on 2006-12-25. ^ Steve Wilson (1999-06-08). "I was a Jar Jar jackass". Salon Technology. Salon. http://www.salon.com/tech/feature/1999/06/08/jarjar/index.html. Retrieved on 2006-12-25. ^ "The First Star Wars Prequel". The Sith Order. 2006-07-25. http://www.sithorder.com/print.php?sid=80. Retrieved on 2006-12-25. ^ "Star Wars: Lucas Strikes Back". BBC News. 1999-07-14. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/394542.stm. Retrieved on 2007-05-10. ^ Gary Susman (2002-04-12). "Naboo-boo". Entertainment Weekly. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,227961,00.html. Retrieved on 17 February 2007. ^ Kevin RidolFi. "The Phantom Menace". Renaissance Online Magazine. http://www.renaissancemag.com/arts/movies/default.asp?article=0599c. Retrieved on 2006-07-25. ^ "The worst movie sequels ever- Countdown!". Entertainment Weekly. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,1169126_15,00.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-13. ^ Review: Star Wars (Episode II): Attack of the Clones ^ Daniel Dinello (2005). Technophobia!: Science Fiction Visions of Posthuman Technology. Austin: University of Texas Press. pp. 211. ISBN 0-292-70986-2. ^ Caputo, John D. (2001). On Religion. London: Routledge. pp. 87. ISBN 0-415-23332-1. ^ Guylaine Cadorette. "Jar Jar Less Conspicuous in "Clones"". Hollywood.com. http://www.hollywood.com/news/detail/id/1109067. Retrieved on 2006-07-25. ^ "Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones". Smartania's Movie Reviews. Smartania. http://smartania.com/reviews/clones.html. Retrieved on 2006-07-25. ^ a b c "Star Wars: The Phantom Menace". The Numbers. 2001-12-01. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1999/STRWR.php. Retrieved on 2006-07-25. ^ All Time Box Office Adjusted for Ticket Price Inflation ^ "Awards for Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace". IMDb. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0120915/awards. Retrieved on 2006-07-25. ^ a b c d "The Gospel According to Lucas Part II". Vantage Point Magazine. Fall 1999. http://www.wfial.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=artNewAge.article_5#6. Retrieved on 2006-07-24. ^ King, Geoff; Tanya Krzywinska (2000). Science Fiction Cinema: From Outerspace to Cyberspace. London: Wallflower Press. pp. 109. ISBN 1-903364-03-5. ^ Movie Music DVD Special Featurette,  ^ "Grammy Awards: 2000". IMDb. http://www.imdb.com/Sections/Awards/Grammy_Awards/2000. Retrieved on 2007-01-31. ^ Star Wars Technical Commentaries. Retrieved January 31, 2007.  External links Listen to this article (info/dl) This audio file was created from a revision dated 2007-03-16, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. (Audio help) More spoken articles Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace on Wookieepedia, an external wiki Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace at StarWars.com Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace at the Internet Movie Database Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace at Allmovie Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace at Rotten Tomatoes Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace at Box Office Mojo Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Name Origins at FilmSmarts.com Preceded by The Mummy Box office number-one films of 1999 (USA) May 23, 1999 – June 6, 1999 Succeeded by Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me Preceded by The Mummy Box office number-one films of 1999 (UK) July 18, 1999 – July 25, 1999 August 22, 1999 Succeeded by Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me [show]v • d • eStar Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Characters Padmé Amidala • Battle droid • Jar Jar Binks • C-3PO • Bib Fortuna • Nute Gunray • Handmaiden • Jabba the Hutt • Qui-Gon Jinn • Obi-Wan Kenobi • Darth Maul • Boss Nass • Ric Olié • Palpatine/Darth Sidious • Captain Panaka • R2-D2 • Sebulba • Anakin Skywalker • Shmi Skywalker • Captain Tarpals • Finis Valorum • Watto • Mace Windu • Yoda Planets Coruscant • Naboo • Tatooine Cities Coruscant • Mos Espa • Otoh Gunga • Theed Starships Droid Starfighter • Naboo N-1 Starfighter • Naboo royal starship • Neimoidian shuttle • Republic cruiser • Sith infiltrator • Trade Federation battleship • Trade Federation Droid Control Ship • Trade Federation C-9979 Landing Craft Vehicles Coruscant air taxi • Flare-S Swoop • Flash Speeder • Gian speeder • Gungan Battle Wagon • Gungan Bongo • Podracer • Sandcrawler • Sith Speeder • STAP • Trade Federation AAT • Trade Federation MTT • X-34 Landspeeder Tie-in media Soundtrack • Novelization • Video game • Episode I: Racer • Racer Arcade • Pinball • Jedi Power Battles • Behind the Magic [show]v • d • eStar Wars Episodes I: The Phantom Menace • II: Attack of the Clones • III: Revenge of the Sith IV: A New Hope • V: The Empire Strikes Back • VI: Return of the Jedi Spin-off films Holiday Special • Caravan of Courage • The Battle for Endor • The Great Heep • The Clone Wars • Proposed sequel trilogy Television series Droids • Ewoks • Clone Wars miniseries • The Clone Wars • Live-action TV series Other media Books • Comics • Radio • Video games • Music • Expanded Universe • Shadows of the Empire • The Force Unleashed Universe Characters • Locations • Creatures • Vehicles • Conflicts • Dates People George Lucas • John Williams • Ben Burtt • Rick McCallum [show]v • d • eGeorge Lucas Films: written & directed THX 1138 (1971) • American Graffiti (1973) • Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (1977) • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace (1999) • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (2002) • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (2005) Films: written &/or produced More American Graffiti (1979) • Kagemusha (1980) • Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back (1980) • Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) • Body Heat (1981) • Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi (1983) • Twice Upon a Time (1983) • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984) • Latino (1985) • Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters (1985) • Howard the Duck (1986) • Labyrinth (1986) • The Land Before Time (1988) • Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988) • Powaqqatsi (1988) • Willow (1988) • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989) • Radioland Murders (1994) • Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008) • Star Wars: The Clone Wars (2008) • Red Tails (TBA) See also Filmography • American Zoetrope • Lucasfilm • Skywalker Ranch • Industrial Light & Magic • Skywalker Sound • LucasArts Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Star_Wars_Episode_I:_The_Phantom_Menace" Categories: Spoken articles | 1999 films | English-language films | Epic films | Films directed by George Lucas | Films featuring puppetry | Lucasfilm films | Prequel films | Robot films | Star Wars episodes
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2009 NCAA Basketball Tournament! List of NCAA Division 1 Teams & Coaches at 227!
America East Conference Albany - Will Brown Binghamton - Kevin Broadus Boston University - Dennis Wolff Hartford - Dan Leibovitz Maine - Ted Woodward New Hampshire - Bill Herrion Stony Brook - Steve Pikiell UMBC - Randy Monroe Vermont - Mike Lonergan 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! America East Conference
Atlantic 10 Conference Charlotte - Bobby Lutz Dayton - Brian Gregory Duquesne - Ron Everhart Fordham - Dereck Whittenburg George Washington - Karl Hobbs La Salle - John Giannini Rhode Island - Jim Baron Richmond - Chris Mooney St. Bonaventure - Mark Schmidt Saint Joseph's - Phil Martelli Saint Louis - Rick Majerus Temple - Fran Dunphy UMass - Derek Kellogg Xavier - Sean Miller 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic 10 Conference
Atlantic Coast Conference Boston College - Al Skinner Clemson - Oliver Purnell Duke - Mike Krzyzewski Florida State - Leonard Hamilton Georgia Tech - Paul Hewitt Maryland - Gary Williams Miami (Florida) - Frank Haith North Carolina - Roy Williams North Carolina State - Sidney Lowe Virginia - Dave Leitao Virginia Tech - Seth Greenberg Wake Forest - Dino Gaudio 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic Coast Conference
Atlantic Sun Conference Belmont - Rick Byrd Campbell - Robbie Laing East Tennessee State - Murry Bartow Florida Gulf Coast - Dave Balza Jacksonville - Cliff Warren Kennesaw State - Tony Ingle Lipscomb - Scott Sanderson Mercer - Bob Hoffman North Florida - Matt Kilcullen Stetson - Derek Waugh USC Upstate - Eddie Payne 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Atlantic Sun Conference
Big 12 Conference Baylor - Scott Drew Colorado - Jeff Bzdelik Iowa State - Greg McDermott Kansas - Bill Self Kansas State - Frank Martin Missouri - Mike Anderson Nebraska - Doc Sadler Oklahoma - Jeff Capel III Oklahoma State - Travis Ford Texas - Rick Barnes Texas A&M - Mark Turgeon Texas Tech - Pat Knight 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big 12 Conference
Big East Conference Cincinnati - Mick Cronin Connecticut - Jim Calhoun DePaul - Jerry Wainwright Georgetown - John Thompson III Louisville - Rick Pitino Marquette - Buzz Williams Notre Dame - Mike Brey Pittsburgh - Jamie Dixon Providence - Keno Davis Rutgers - Fred Hill St. John's - Norm Roberts Seton Hall - Bobby Gonzalez South Florida - Stan Heath Syracuse - Jim Boeheim Villanova - Jay Wright West Virginia - Bobby Huggins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big East Conference
Big Sky Conference Eastern Washington - Kirk Earlywine Idaho State - Joe O'Brien Montana - Wayne Tinkle Montana State - Brad Huse Northern Arizona - Mike Adras Northern Colorado - Tad Boyle Portland State - Ken Bone Sacramento State - Brian Katz Weber State - Randy Rahe 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big Sky Conference
Big South Conference Charleston Southern - Barclay Radebaugh Coastal Carolina - Cliff Ellis Gardner-Webb - Rick Scruggs High Point - Bart Lundy Liberty - Ritchie McKay Presbyterian - Gregg Nibert Radford - Brad Greenberg UNC-Asheville - Eddie Biedenbach VMI - Duggar Baucom Winthrop - Randy Peele 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big South Conference
Big Ten Conference Illinois - Bruce Weber Indiana - Tom Crean Iowa - Todd Lickliter Michigan - John Beilein Michigan State - Tom Izzo Minnesota - Tubby Smith Northwestern - Bill Carmody Ohio State - Thad Matta Penn State - Ed DeChellis Purdue - Matt Painter Wisconsin - Bo Ryan 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big Ten Conference
Big West Conference Cal Poly - Kevin Bromley Cal State Fullerton - Bob Burton Cal State Northridge - Bobby Braswell Long Beach State - Dan Monson Pacific - Bob Thomason UC Davis - Gary Stewart UC Irvine - Pat Douglass UC Riverside - Jim Wooldridge UC Santa Barbara - Bob Williams 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Big West Conference
Colonial Athletic Association Delaware - Monte Ross Drexel - Bruiser Flint George Mason - Jim Larranaga Georgia State - Rod Barnes Hofstra - Tom Pecora James Madison - Matt Brady Northeastern - Bill Coen Old Dominion - Blaine Taylor Towson - Pat Kennedy UNC-Wilmington - Benny Moss Virginia Commonwealth - Anthony Grant William & Mary - Tony Shaver 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Colonial Athletic Association
Conference USA East Carolina - Mack McCarthy Houston - Tom Penders Marshall - Donnie Jones Memphis - John Calipari Rice - Ben Braun Southern Methodist - Matt Doherty Southern Mississippi - Larry Eustachy Tulane - Dave Dickerson Tulsa - Doug Wojcik UAB - Mike Davis UCF - Kirk Speraw UTEP - Tony Barbee 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Conference USA
Horizon League - Butler - Brad Stevens Cleveland State - Gary Waters Detroit - Ray McCallum Loyola (Chicago) - Jim Whitesell UIC - Jimmy Collins UW-Green Bay - Tod Kowalczyk UW-Milwaukee - Rob Jeter Valparaiso - Homer Drew Wright State - Brad Brownell Youngstown State - Jerry Slocum 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Horizon League
Independents Bryant - Tim O'Shea Cal State Bakersfield - Keith Brown Chicago State - Benjy Taylor Houston Baptist - Ron Cottrell Longwood - Mike Gillian New Jersey Institute of Technology - Jim Engles North Carolina Central - Henry Dickerson Savannah State - Horace Broadnax SIU-Edwardsville - Lennox Forrester Texas-Pan American - Tom Schuberth Utah Valley - Dick Hunsaker 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! NCAA Division I independent schools (basketball)
Ivy League Brown - Jesse Agel Columbia - Joe Jones Cornell - Steve Donahue Dartmouth - Terry Dunn Harvard - Tommy Amaker Penn - Glen Miller Princeton - Sydney Johnson Yale - James Jones 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Ivy League
Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference Canisius - Tom Parrotta Fairfield - Ed Cooley Iona - Kevin Willard Loyola (Maryland) - Jimmy Patsos Manhattan - Barry Rohrssen Marist - Chuck Martin Niagara - Joe Mihalich Rider - Tommy Dempsey St. Peter's - John Dunne Siena - Fran McCaffery 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-American Conference
Mid-American Conference Akron – Keith Dambrot Ball State – Billy Taylor Bowling Green – Louis Orr Buffalo – Reggie Witherspoon Central Michigan – Ernie Ziegler Eastern Michigan – Charles Ramsey Kent State – Geno Ford Miami – Charlie Coles Northern Illinois – Ricardo Patton Ohio – John Groce Toledo – Gene Cross Western Michigan – Steve Hawkins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-American Conference
Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference Bethune-Cookman - Clifford Reed Coppin State - Ron Mitchell Delaware State - Greg Jackson Florida A&M - Mike Gillespie Hampton - Kevin Nickelberry Howard - Gil Jackson Maryland-Eastern Shore - Meredith Smith Morgan State - Todd Bozeman Norfolk State - Anthony Evans North Carolina A&T - Jerry Eaves South Carolina State - Tim Carter Winston-Salem State - Bobby Collins 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference
Missouri Valley Conference Bradley - Jim Les Creighton - Dana Altman Drake - Mark Phelps Evansville - Marty Simmons Illinois State - Tim Jankovich Indiana State - Kevin McKenna Missouri State - Cuonzo Martin Northern Iowa - Ben Jacobson Southern Illinois - Chris Lowery Wichita State - Gregg Marshall 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Missouri Valley Conference
Mountain West Conference Air Force - Jeff Reynolds Brigham Young - Dave Rose Colorado State - Tim Miles New Mexico - Steve Alford San Diego State - Steve Fisher Texas Christian - Neil Dougherty UNLV - Lon Kruger Utah - Jim Boylen Wyoming - Heath Schroyer 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Mountain West Conference
Northeast Conference Central Connecticut State - Howie Dickenman Fairleigh Dickinson - Tom Green LIU-Brooklyn - Jim Ferry Monmouth - Dave Calloway Mount St. Mary's - Milan Brown Quinnipiac - Tom Moore Robert Morris - Mike Rice Jr. Sacred Heart - Dave Bike St. Francis (PA) - Don Friday St. Francis (NY) - Brian Nash Wagner - Mike Deane 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Northeast Conference
Ohio Valley Conference Austin Peay - Dave Loos Eastern Illinois - Mike Miller Eastern Kentucky - Jeff Neubauer Jacksonville State - James Green Morehead State - Donnie Tyndall Murray State - Billy Kennedy Southeast Missouri - Zac Roman Tennessee-Martin - Bret Campbell Tennessee State - Cy Alexander Tennessee Tech - Mike Sutton 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Ohio Valley Conference
Pacific-10 Conference Arizona - Russ Pennell Arizona State - Herb Sendek California - Mike Montgomery Oregon - Ernie Kent Oregon State - Craig Robinson Stanford - Johnny Dawkins UCLA - Ben Howland USC - Tim Floyd Washington - Lorenzo Romar Washington State - Tony Bennett 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Pacific-10 Conference
Patriot League American - Jeff Jones Army - Jim Crews Bucknell - Dave Paulsen Colgate - Emmett Davis Holy Cross - Ralph Willard Lafayette - Fran O'Hanlon Lehigh - Brett Reed Navy - Billy Lange 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Patriot League
Southeastern Conference Alabama - Philip Pearson Arkansas - John Pelphrey Auburn - Jeff Lebo Florida - Billy Donovan Georgia - Pete Herrmann Kentucky - Billy Gillispie LSU - Trent Johnson Mississippi - Andy Kennedy Mississippi State - Rick Stansbury South Carolina - Darrin Horn Tennessee - Bruce Pearl Vanderbilt - Kevin Stallings 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southeastern Conference
Southern Conference Appalachian State - Houston Fancher Chattanooga - John Shulman The Citadel - Ed Conroy College of Charleston - Bobby Cremins Davidson - Bob McKillop Elon - Ernie Nestor Furman - Jeff Jackson Georgia Southern - Jeff Price Samford - Jimmy Tillette UNC-Greensboro - Mike Dement Western Carolina - Larry Hunter Wofford - Mike Young 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southern Conference
Southland Conference Central Arkansas - Rand Chappell Lamar - Steve Roccaforte McNeese State - Dave Simmons Nicholls State - J. P. Piper Northwestern State - Mike McConathy Sam Houston State - Bob Marlin Southeastern Louisiana - Jim Yarbrough Stephen F. Austin - Danny Kaspar Texas A&M-Corpus Christi - Perry Clark Texas-Arlington - Scott Cross Texas-San Antonio - Brooks Thompson Texas State - Doug Davalos 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southland Conference
Southwestern Athletic Conference Alabama A&M - L. Vann Pettaway Alabama State - Lewis Jackson Alcorn State - Samuel West Arkansas-Pine Bluff - George Ivory Grambling State - Larry Wright Jackson State - Tevester Anderson Mississippi Valley State - Sean Woods Prairie View A&M - Byron Rimm II Southern - Rob Spivery Texas Southern - Tony Harvey 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Southwestern Athletic Conference
The Summit League Centenary - Greg Gary IPFW - Dane Fife IUPUI - Ron Hunter North Dakota State - Saul Phillips Oakland - Greg Kampe Oral Roberts - Scott Sutton South Dakota State - Scott Nagy Southern Utah - Roger Reid UMKC - Matt Brown Western Illinois - Derek Thomas 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! The Summit League
Sun Belt Conference Arkansas-Little Rock - Steve Shields Arkansas State - Dickey Nutt Denver - Joe Scott Florida Atlantic - Mike Jarvis Florida International - Sergio Rouco Louisiana-Lafayette - Robert Lee Louisiana-Monroe - Orlando Early Middle Tennessee - Kermit Davis New Orleans - Joe Pasternack North Texas - Johnny Jones South Alabama - Ronnie Arrow Troy - Don Maestri Western Kentucky - Ken McDonald 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! Sun Belt Conference
West Coast Conference Gonzaga - Mark Few Loyola Marymount - Rodney Tention Pepperdine - Vance Walberg Portland - Eric Reveno Saint Mary's - Randy Bennett San Diego - Bill Grier San Francisco - Rex Walters Santa Clara - Kerry Keating 227's NCAA Basketball Tournament! West Coast Conference
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As we look to expand basketball marketing, camps and clinics nationally, our basketball affiliate programs are scheduled to begin in March of 2008. Our affiliates, exciting, take a look at this list: ebay, StubHub.com, Yahoo Affiliate Program!, TickCo Premium Seating, RazorGator Affiliate Program, SightSell, VistaPrint.com, Pokeorder and WeHaveSeats.com. Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 welcomes our affiliate partners for 2008. Among the items offered our NCAA & NBA basketball tickets both premium and discounted rates. Basketball shoes and apparel for kids, fans, players and coaches ranging from Air Jordans, LeBron James, NIKE, Adidas, AND1, hats, collectibles and memoralbilia! Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- The everything basketball website!
?227's YouTube "Chili" features these exciting YouTube music and entertainment celebrities...click onto to these 227 YouTube "Chili" links, channels and articles for the most watched YouTube hip-hop music videos in the world!
Sean Kingston, Justin Timberlake, M.I.A'"Paper Planes!" , Timbaland, 50 Cent, P-Diddy, Kanye West. Rihanna, Chris Brown, T.I.-"Big Things Poppin!" , Rihanna- Hate That I Love You (over 29 million views on YouTube)!, Leona Lewis, Soulja Boy, Britney Spears, Alicia Keys, Avril Lavigne, Alicia Keys- No One, Akon, NE-YO, LL Cool J, Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, Dmx, Jay-z, The Notorious B.I.G, 2PAC, Will Smith, Jonas Brothers, Pink "So What!" , Jordin Sparks feta. Chris Brown- "No Air" Official Music Video-over 33 million views on YouTube!), Lil Jon- get low music movie, Ludacris, Ice Cube, Flo Rida feat. T.Pain Music from the Movie Step Up 2 "Low," Chris Brown*Chris Brown feat. T.Pain- Kiss Kiss (over 51 million views on YouTube)!, Chris Brown-"With You," Chris Brown feat. Lil' Wayne (over 56 million views on YouTube!, Chris Brown "YO," Chris Brown-Run It, Chris Brown- Forever, Wu Tang Clan, The Fugees, Jordin Sparks-Tattoo, Rhianna- Cry, Rihanna- unfaithful, Rhianna- Umbrella (over 43 million views on YouTube/You Tube)!, Ashanti, Fergie Fergalicious, Fergie- Clumsy!, Rhianna- Dont' Stop The Music (over 62 million views on YouTube), Avril Lavign- Girlfriend (over 92 million views on YouTube)!, Clay Aiken, Akon, Christina Aguilera-Hurt, Clay Aiken-On My Way Here, All-American Rejects, All-American Rejects-Move Along, All-American Rejects-It Ends Tonight, Ashley Parker Angel, Michael Jackson ("Thriller"), Backstreet Boys, Augustana, Natasha Bedingfeild, Michael Jackson, Natasha Bedingfield feat. Sean Kingston-Love Like This, Natasha Bedingfield-Pocketful of Sunshine and lots more at 227's YouTube Chili!!! Your source for the world's most watched YouTube Music Videos at Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227- the everything basketball website!
Also: Jesse McCartney, Ray J,Usher,Elliott Yamin,Jonas Brothers,Fergie,Taylor Swift, Nelly Furtado, Jennifer Lopez, Flyleaf,Maroon 5,Kanye West,Keyshia Cole, The Pussycat Dolls,Colby O'Donis,Ashanti,R. Kelly,Girlicious, Colbi Calliat, Boy George,Mario,Three Days Grace,Beyonce', Gorillaz,Carrie Underwood,3 Doors Down,Finger Eleven, Ginuwine,Baby Bash,Kid Rock,Joe, Gwen Steffani, Billy Ray Cyrus, Danity Kane, Janel Parrish, Ciara, NLT, Fall Out Boy, Josh Turner, Fantasia and more!